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FOREIGN AND BRITISH BREEDS OF CATTLE. Continued. THE MIDDLE HORNED BREEDS. The North Devons are justly admired for their pleasing color, elegant form, agile gait, and gentic temper—which qualifies them for the field labor they are so extensively used in. The color is universally red, chesnut, or bav, seldom varied with white, the muzzle is yellow, the skin is covered with a curly hair, though occasionally it is smooth and glossy, their milk is extremely rich, producing a more than usual quantity of cheese and butter —but the quantity of milk is small com- pared with other breeds. The great quality of this breed is their disposition to fatten, very few rivalling them in this; they do not attain the great weight of other kinds, but in a given time they acquire more flesh with less consumption of food. A beast with a pale skin, hard under the hand, the eye dark and dead, will be a slow worker and an unprofitable feeder. In close proximity to the Devons, and with a general resemblance to them we find the Hereford Breeds. They are larger than the Devons, and usually of a darker red, but are easily distinguished by their white face, and frequently with white along the back and under parts they fatten better than the Devons, but are 3Uch bad milkers that a dairy of Herefords are seldom found. Hereford is a breeding country—d.iiry or feeding is net thought of. Th,) Middle Horned breed is widely spread in Wales, they may be stunted in their growth from their scarcity of food which their mountains yield, yet they bear the characteristics of the Devon and Hereford breeds. Of the various breeds in Wales the Pembroke one is the most useful, the majority of them are entirely black they are small but hardy, they thrive on very indifferent land. From this qualification the Pembroke has been called the poor man's cow, it is perhaps one of the best cows for a cottager, and is equally suited to the large farmer. The Pembrukes are found in Car- ma: thonshire, Cardigan, and Brecon great num- bers of them are sold in the London market where they are highly prized. Turning our attention to Scotland we find there several valuable breeds belonging to our present head, Middle Horns, and foremost among these is the West Island Cattle, or "Kyloe." The origin of the term Kyloe is obscure, some attribute it to the cattle crossing the kyloes or ferries which are so frequently met with in the West of Scotland, others say it is a corruption of a Gaelic word which signifies Highland, and is commonly pronounced as if spelled Kael the head is short, broad and flat across the forehead, fine up-turned horns, the muzzle fine, eye bright, limbs short, clean and muscular, wide deep chest, finely arched ribs, straight bak, skin thick but mellow, closely co- vered with a thick long coat of hair, and a bold erect carriage when of mature t:ize and in con- dition, 'he Kvl >e exhibits a symmetry of form and noble earing not excelled by any breed in the kingdom. The great value of the West Highland cattle is their hardiness and their being easily fed on the coarsest pasturage. The compact carcase and choicj quality of beef demand the best prices. It is upwards of 100 years ago when the first En- glishman went to the Hebrides to purchase cattle. I He purchased 1,000 at 2 guineas, to be delivered at Falkirk. The cow gives little milk, but what it yields is rich they have a great tendency to run (Irv, t,ii(I are therefore unsuited for dairy purposes. In addition to this breed there is one very similar in Argyleshirc, and also Aberdeenshire, which I breeds and grazes more cattle than any other county in Scotland. Fifeshire also possesses a breed of its own as marked as that of Devon or Hereford, the origin of this breed has been the subject of much amusement to writers, but the most probable solution of the difficulty is the tra- dition handed down that James IV. when he married Margaret, the daughter of Henry IV. of England, received, along with the dowry of his Queen, a present of 300 English cows, which were conveyed to the park of Falkland Palace. The prevailing color is black, the horns bend rather forward, they fatten quickly, are hardy, they are profitable for dairy-work, a good Fife cow will give from 5 to 7 gallons of milk per day. The Ayrshire Cattle are justly celebrated for dairy purposes, their origin is difficult to trace some suppose it was by crossing the native breed with the large Durham Ox, or other English variety while others, on account of its resemblance in some points to tho Aldernev, are inclined to think a crossing with the Alderney cow has at some time been introduced. As beef producers the Ayrshire breed are not of much value, and are not therefore esteemed by the grazier. When a short-horn bull is coupled with an Ayrshire cow a very useful grazing animal is produced. 600 gal- lons of rnilk per annum may be considered the average quantity of each cow. this milk is emula- ted to return 250lbs. of butter, or 500lbs. of cheese. Ayrshire and the neighbouring counties, as might be expected, are celebrated for the cheese they produce—an old rhyme says:— "Kyle for a man, And Carrick for a cow," Cunningham for butter and cheese, And Galloway for woo." lelrand possesses a breed of Middle Horns, viz the Kerry, it is a hardy breed the milking pro- perties of the Kerry cow are equal if not superior to any breed in the British Isles, they are generally black, colored with a ridge of white along the spine. THE POLLED CATTLE. Includes the Galloway, Angus, Aberdeen, &c. Galloway has long been noted for its cattle. A writer of the 16th century speaking of Gallowav says, "In this region ar monv .fair ky and oxin of quhilk the flesh is right delicius and tender." The Galloways are productive, and inaintain their pro- creating powers to a longer period than any other British breed. There are several instances on record of cows breeding above the a of 10 years, and producing upwards of 20 calves. They are highly esteemed as beef producers. LONG HORNED CATTLE. Lancashire is the mother country of this once important breed, they were greatly improved by Robert Bakewell. They are now almost entirely superseded by the Short Homs. They are slow teeders, and take a long time in arriving at ma- turity, they aye very inferior milkers. A similar breed exists in Ireland, and the question is yet unanswered whether England or Ireland is the native country of the Long Horns the breed can be traced in both countries to a very remote period, but oil ancieijt records are silent upon the subject. SHORT HORNS. This brfced originated some 70 years ago on the banks ef the Tees it is undoubtedly one of the most valuable breeds we posses a no allinal ar- rives so early at maturity, and few supply illeat of such good quality. It has been remarked that we have at present no superior horse on the turf which does not boast the blood of the Godolphin Arabian, so it miy b8 assorted that we have no I superior horns which do ntat claim descent nearly or remotely from Hubbuck." Hubback belonged to i poor man who used to allow it to ML- 1.11 the source of great wealth. To allude to one animal alone take the "Durham Ox," au aniiiial which brought the short horned breed into more extensive notice. At 5 years old this ox was add, in Febru- ary, 1801, for X,140 on the 14th May, 1801, re- sold for £250, for the purpose of public exhibition on the 8th July, 1801, the owner had X2000 offered for the ox. The live weight of this ox was 217 stones. The pure Short Horn has only two colors, red and white. It is an important fact that the short horn cow improves both in quantity and quality of milk as she grows older. The Short Horns are spreading to all countries, France, Russia, in fact all parts of Europe, America, Australia, &c.


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