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4 THE GENERAL TREATMENT OF…

T ----------->HINTS UPON GARDENING.

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T > HINTS UPON GARDENING. ♦ S'i.owi,?; CARDER.—Bedding Out: Choose dull, dry weather, if possible, while the ground is moderately moist. Have the plants pretty dry, by withhclding the water the day they are to be turned out. By watching the barometer, and getting all planting done just before 9 11 rain. much labour in after-watering will be saved. Ererything in the way of bedders must be put out now and this will probably be a good season to grow cannas, !>egon'iS. caladiums, ricinus, and other tropical plants in the opes- ground, as the chief requisite to their success Is earth-Iteat, with wliich up to the present time we have been well favoured. Walks that are sour, worn down, or ii a bad state as to levels, &c,, ought to be put t« rights now". It is a good plan to get the bedding done, and while the plants are getting hold of the ground, turn the walks and put a new coat of gravel on. This gives the garden & bright look at a time when it will be' most enjoyed, and it is astonishing how much better flowers when grass and gravel are. first rate: Besides, by gravelling now, or within a few week.sj he. 'wall;s get well set and hardened before winter, which is a- matter of some importance. Herba- r.us pha throwing up their flower-spik?R will in many cases require to be neatly staked to protect them from high winds and heavy rains. This is the more needful where herbaceous plants are mixed with shrubs in borders, as in such cases they always push their heads of flowers out in an oblique manner, and this pre- pares them to fall over when heavy rains occur. Roses Ours look miserable at the commencement of the month, but no doubt the rain will put them to rights we pruned late, yet in spite of it the frosts that came so sharp with east winds in the middle of last month shrivelled up the new growth very much. Those who can afford to water them should do so, but not in driblets plenty or none, that must be the rule. The maggot is alive still, and rejoicing in the centres of shoots where buds are rising; there is no cure but hand-picking. We always leave the maggot to its work, and yet have plenty of roses all it does is to thin the blooms, and thus promote the beauty of those not touched. Ranunculuses and Anemones These want plenty of water while their flower-buds are swelling, yet we do not like artificial watering. If the weather is too dry, however, the beds must be watered, and it must be done too with a little science. Make two jobs of it, and give no more if needful to water at all begin at once. First give the beds a good soaking in the evening, using a water-pot with a coarse rose on, and do not be afraid as to quantity. The next night have ready a hogshead or so of lime-water, and use this with- out a rose, pouring the water from the spout of the pot put close to the ground, so as to wet the leaves as little as possible. By this process they will be greatly bene- fited, and will not want water again this season. Grass lawns require much attention now. Daisies are in bloom, and there can be no difficulty in finding them. Everybody is in want of a specific for their eradication. We have said so often that we are half afraid to repeat it, though we must, because inquiries are repeated, that spudding them is the only effectual means of getting rid of them. It is a sheer matter of time and patience and back-ache. Where there is a full complement of work for the gardener, there ought to be no complaint about daisies on the lawn; for if he is doing his duty his hands-are over-full now, and while he is spudding daisies a thousand important things will go to ruin. We have no faith in putting girls and boys to this work, though no doubt half-a-dozen youngsters, trained to the work, would be useful, and earn more than their salt in spud- ding them out. The best tool is a large strong knife, with a stout horn handle, and the way to use it is to heave up the daisy gently, and draw it out by the roots complete, then tread the earth back. In many places, daisies thrive and grass does not; it is a question, then, seeing that, barring the flowers, daisies are close-growing and evergreen, whether it is not better in the end to leave them alone, and silently sing the ditty, "We must all be contented, and bear with the ups and downs and, by the way, daisies are rarely seen on downs it is on the flat fat loams they prosper. Generally speaking, lawns require plenty of roller and machine now. New grass must be tenderly dealt with, and much as we love machines, and enjoy the using of them, we prefer the scythe for the first few mowings of lawns newly made from seed. KITCHEN GARDEN AND FRAME GROUND.—Kitchen Garden Sow beet for a winter supply. Thin beets already up, and if any gaps in the drills, fill up by transplanting the thinnings in showery weather. Sow Walchereu broccoli, collards, cauliflower, endive, kidney beans, lettuce, leeks, spinach. Plant out marrows, ridge cucumbers, capsicums, tomatoes, celery, and any- thing that may be strong enough from seed-beds of cab- bage and winter greens. Potatoes are pushing with vigour everywhere. In our own ground, the ashleaf kinds planted in February were four inches high on the 21st of April, and now those planted in the middle of March are making their appearance. Hoeing between is of immense benefit to the potato crop, and a little earth may be drawn to the stems with advantage, but the heavy moulding up to which they are subjected on the orthodox plan of cultivation is decidedly injurious. If any remain to be planted, get them in with- out delay*, and if a sprinkle of manure can be afforded to put at the bottom of the trenches it will help them to start freely. Winter greens of all kinds to be pricked out from seed- beds as soon as large enough to handle. Choose showery weather, and put them on good ground. Kidney beans, both dwarf and runners, to be sown for main crops. Seakale is pushing into flower, but unless seed is wanted, the flower-heads should be nipped out. Spinach is usually sown thick, and a good way to thin it is to wait till the leaves are an inch long, and then draw the plants in little bunches. They make a very nice dish, if the cook will take the trouble to cut off the roots and remove the bottom leaves. But if not wanted, thin the crop and throw the thinnings on the rubbish heap.. If left much crowded, it runs into flower quickly. Parsley sown now will be up soon, as the ground is getting warm, and we are likely to have much rain. Sow on rich light soil, and transplant as soon as large enough to handle. This method will-ensure finer produce than leaving the plants to stand where sown, and those with richly-curled leaves can be selected as soon as they are a little advanced beyond the seed-leaf. Cucumbers in trenches planted out at once, and pr otected with hand-glasses, will produce better crops than if kept in pots till they spindle a way their strength. Make the trenches two and a half feet wide, and one foot deep. Fill it a foot above the surface with hot dung that has been twice turned, or a mixture of leaves, straw, and grass mowings. Three days afterwards put on six inches of soil, and leave it a couple of days; then put on three or four inches more soil, and plant. They will then have a steady bottom-heat, and if sheltered for a tLne will do well. Turnips are not much in demand till autumn and winter, but this is a good time to sow a small breadth for summer supply. Use manure abundantly, and after sowing sprinkle over the bed a little lime or soot. This usually prevents the eating-off of the young plant by the fly, as it is only while in the seed-leaf that turnips are in' danger.— Gardener*' Magazine.

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