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--'..."., AGRICULTURE. ----+--
AGRICULTURE. -+-- BR"3S3IN3 FOR CERE1LS. Mr. Cuth'oeit ",V, Jobnsos, P.B.S., furnishes an elaborate paper to the Marie Lane Express on this I subject. In the course of it he quotes the following valuable expieselon of opinion o £ Lawes and Dr. Gilbert, who have made many important experiments npen the wheat plant:— The records cf a field of 14 acres in which wheat has bsec grown vrithoat naatmre, and by different descrip- tions of manure, year attar year for twenty successive seasons, without either fallow or a fallow crop, and in winch the lowest produce was in the first year 15 and in the last year 17:Ï bushels, and the highest in the first year 2H- end in t' c, last 56-i- bushels, cannot fail to be of much interest at once to the practical: farmer, to the esononnst, and the man of soisnoe. Accounts havo been before reported of the growth of wheat for many consecutive years apparently with great etxoees, titd with cut much evidence of ex- haustion, on fcoils of extraordinary fertility and the recent experience of the Rev. S. Smith, of Lois. Waedon, has shown that, on hia soil, at least, many wheat crops can betaken, under a system of alternate crap and fallow without reaching, at any rate for isiny years, the point of deterioration, History also tells us of b.r:ge tracts of land on which the wheat crop has been cultivated year after year for many years, but which have eventually succumbed to the unnatural strain put upon them. The records now to be laid before the teader refer to conditions of growth liks in some points, but essentially different in most, to those cases to which we have alluded. The expe- riments have been made upon what may be called fair average wheat land. But, as the rental of similar land in the immediate locality ranges, and has ranged for many years past, only from 25s. to 80s. per core tithe free, and its wheat crop, ur.,Br the ordinary management of the diotriet, cer- tainly dogs » ot average more than from 25 to 27 bushels per acre once every five years, it is obvious that, in a practical point of view, it can lay no claim to extraordinary fertility, or to be ranked on a higher level than a large proportion of the soils on which wheat is grown with a moderate degree of success under a system of rotation and home manuring. in an figiicsltural or commercial point of view, were the general characters of the land. Speaking still in agricultural language, it may be said that tha soil is p, eoasewhat heavy loam, with a subsoil of raw yellowish red clay, but resting in its tarn upon chalk, which provides good nataral drainage. Tlia questions f.risc: TV tat are the grain-yielding capabilities cf f sab land, what its powers of endu- rance, in what constituents, or class of constituents, dees it sooner* show signs of exhaustion ? On a soil of not more tbas average wheat-producing quality, and taken for experiment after a course of five crops since ths application o* manure, wheat has been grown suo- cessfully, without manure, and with different descrip- tions of manure, for twenty years in succession. Without manure, tbo produce of dressed corn was, in the first year, 15 bushels ter acre; in the last, 1741 bushels; and, takiag the average cf the 20 years, 16| bushels. With farmyard marure, applied every year, the produce was, in the first year, 20& bushels; in the last 44 bushels; and, on the average of the twenty years, 32; bushels. V'ith artificial manures, the nighsst produce vaK, in the first year, 24} bushels; in the last 561 bushels; and, taking the average of the twenty years, 36J bushels, or considerably more thsn the average produce of Great Britain when wheat is grown in the ordinary course of agri- culture in totaUon; and also considerably more than was obtained in the same field by an 'annual application of farmyard manure. Mineral manures alone, though applied in the soluble form, ■increased the produoe scarcely at all; that is, they daa not enable the plant in any material degree to assimilate more nitrogen and carbon from atmospheric sources than wisen it was grown on the practically exhausted rttnanurod land. Nitrogenous manures alcne increased the produoe very considerably for many years ia hence, the soil in its prao- ti sally exhausted condition was relatively much richer in available mineral constituents than in available nitrogen. The largest crops were obtained when miroral and i-itrogeloua manures were employed together; and it was by Euch mixtures, even though they supplied rio ftilioa (nor carbon), that the produce by farmyard manure was far exceeded, although the la' kr supplied t ot only both silica and carbon, but all ether constltuente, ia larger quantity than they were removed j); the crops."
Hn-T TJPOilST GARDEIVING.…
Hn-T TJPOilST GARDEIVING. KITCHEN G>KJ>SN,—After the snow has cleared off the kitchen garden will want a little extra labour to clear the remains cf winter crops that have ceased to b, profitable, end dig and dung the ground for sum- mer vegetables. Manuring may then be proceeded with, and breadths may be marked out and got ready for sowing fcs eoon cs weather permits. Sow peas, beets, rounr". epinaob, parsnip, horn carrot, saladings, and a few eorts of cabbage. Asparagus plantations to be marked cat P." once, and the ground dug two spits de p. A light eaiidy loam ia the beet soil for aspara- gtx» but a f oil almost wholly sand wiii ba better than oi e'.vhclly clay, because when heavily manured, the sand wi'l suit it admirably,but without plenty of manure, will be useless. In a deep fertile loam a moderately heavy manuring will gafilce, and tha manuce should be well mixed with the fctaplc at least two feet deep. In any case the piece must be thoroughly well drained. If asparagus must be grown on a clay land, lay Oft six inches of Band on coal-Rfches, and dig this to a depth of T-0 feet, )>:ix-.og it well with the soil, and let the ground rest e fortnight, and then dig again and liberally manure. If it is intended merely to so for ■transplanting, a good manuring one full spade deep will suffice, if. the ee-cocd spit was previously stirred at & winter biggin^ Cibbage of ah kinds may ba sown on a waim bodEr. The most useful to sow now are Shilling'^ queen, early York, and rosette colewort. Csrlifiowers fere apt to die off now unlees kept dry; a little peat dust will be useful to sprinkle amongst them where they ne suffering from damp. Dry sand and wrod-ashes may be used for the same object. If the plants are crowdcl, they will caly kill each other, so thhi at once if necessary, Cacambers managed as ad. vised in the calendars of the last few weeks will BOW be coming forward for bedding out. They should be kept in the toaso till they have filled 48-sized pots with roote, aud then be planted. If kept any length of time starving in a pot-bound state, they wiil become infested with red spider, and weakened in cons titution. Whel; ready to plant out, the bed should be in a sweet condition through occasional forking over the durg, TLe bed is to be made by laying some strh of turf grass sida downwards in the centre of each light; en. this put three or four bushels of soil in a heap, oontialiiig of loam from rotten turves one part, lea,.P-monid ciae pal,r' at>d (I ang rotted to powder one part. The third day after putting on the soil, put the bulb of a thermometer into the hillock, and if it registers 70 teg. to SO deg. plans at once; if higher than 80 deg, Vial a few days longer. A fair average to start with is 75 deg. Kant in the centre of the bii; :<r, and peg down the runners regularly, and shut olose. In the course of a few clays give air cautiously, to let off ery tank ftlcani, and sprinkle the leaves fmi.-entiy, bat give only just enough water at the foot to keep the soil moist until the plants have made a start. Give air to plants in frames as often as the weather will permit, JEXOWEB GARDEN—Biding planta must now be tbouiht of, quant tie3 cf the several kinds determined, ard "hotbeds n:ade up for starting old plants, for cuttirgs, and fo the Cut batch of plants .required early. Old vrbenas, petunias, cupheas, cenotheras, tropesolams, & may be pat into a steady heat at onca to furnish ycucg ehoots for propagating, and may be eown of lobelia erinus speoiosa, if to be raised from feed, by whioh means it comes pretty true. Rosef; required to bloom early should be pruned DO" but it i.3 too early to prune the general collec- tion;. It is becoming customary to plant the ranun- culus in February; November used to be the month, and in situations net subjact to severe spring frosts ;Novrmber and Deeember may still be considered the best tiroes for planting. Not that the flowers are finer, they are simply crlJier; and for this gain there is occasionally ft of losses through frost. The bed ought to ba prepared a fall month at least before planting, to give it time to settle and become firm, for faikra is certain if the soil lies light and spongy. For February planting, the bed ought to be ready early in January, end the best time for planting is betwsen the 1st and 20th of February, the precise day or week being determined by the weather. There has teen a good deal of discussion as to the proper planting season, but it is now pretty generally agreed that autumn planting is attended with risk, for whioh early blooming is the only compensation, and that the I first twenty days of February are the safest for col- lections of any value. In cold, wet, and very tenacious soils, or in exposed situations, it would even be better to defer planting to the first week in March, and planting may be the more safely deferred with the ranunculus than with most other tubers, for they retain their vitality out of the ground two or three years, and if kept cool and dry suffer but little exhaustion by delay. The proper soil is a rich, mellow loam, the proper manure well-rotted cow or horse dung; recent manure ruins it; so do any exciting compounds of night-soil, blood, or chemical stimulants, or excessive quantities of manure of any kind, all of which have been recommended in bewilder- ing numbers, and the proportions stated with ridicu- lous preoision. If the soil of the garden is at all suitable, manure it well in preference to preparing composts; if it is not of a loamy and somewhat crumbly character, procure the top spit of an old pasture—one in which buttercups abound is best; ridge this up, tsrn it occasionally for six months or mere, and with this and well-rotted dung prepare your beds.-Gardeners' Magazine.
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. .
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. THE gentlemen hunting with her Majesty's stag. hounds have invited the farmers over whose ground they ride to a banquet, which is to be given at the Town-hall, Windsor, on Wednesday, the 30th of January. A FINE specimen of the golden eagle, a female, was shot the other day at Kinkell Cave, about a mile and a half from St. Andrews, and close to the sea-beach. The bird is in excellent plumage, and measures about eight feet from tip to tip of the extended wings. It was not killed outright by the shot, but lived nearly a day afterwards. The golden eagle is indeed a rara avis in this locality, and possibly may have winged its flight from Norway. The bird, which is very heavy and in fine condition, was exhibited in the Town-hall of St. Andrews. THE CHAMPIONSHIP OF THE THAMES.—Arrange- ments are now almost concluded for a match between Chambers and Kelley, to take place on the Tyne in May or June next. For a number of years past these two soullers have been at the head of their respective rivers, and have each been champion of the Thames, and, virtually, of the rowing world. Chambers in his time has rowed in 117 races, and has been victorious in no fewer than 105; out of six races for the cham- pionship he has won five. His defeat was by Kelley, whose career has been scarcely less renowned than that of the northern Soulier. Both men have now at- tained an age when it was thought they might honour- ably retire, leaving the field open for younger men. At the time when Chambers succumbed to Kelley he was believed to have hopelessly lost his pristine power, and was recommended to cease rowing races. In his re- oent match with Sadler he proved that this supposi- tion was not correct, and he became once more champion of the Thames. Kelley had retired on beat- ing Hamil, the American, in July last, but it is felt that the question of the supremacy of the Thames or the Tyne, as represented by Kelley and Chambers, cannot be determined except by another meeting. Hence the present match. FISHING IN FBANCE.—A correspondent of the Field gives the following: Fishing, as a spoit, is quite a dead letter in France, and though the quays of the Seine are sometimes extensively lined with fishing-rods trying their chance at gudgeon and small fry, yet the true feelings of the angler are almost entirely unknown to the Frenchman. We have no fishing club, no fishing chronicle, and what little is done is kept quite private. However, we have a good stock of fish in our rivers and ponds, and carp and pike can nowhere be found in larger quantities and cf greater size than in French waters. But then no sport is got with them, and they fall an easy prey to the net, which every four or five years reaps the fish harvest. The ponds are let very ad- vantageously when stocked, and the fish, though not always of very good flavour, fetch a fair price in the market. It is rather an amusing sight to see some of these annual pond fisheries. The waters are let out a few days before the appointed fishing day, so that they may be as low as possible, and then a long trawl- ing net is set across the pond, and the fish gradually are drawn up to the bank. Men in boots, and half- naked, go into the water up to their waists, and catch the slimy multitude grovelling arm deep around their feet, and often they are overthrown in the water by the sudden rush of some large carp, or a slap from the tail of one of their slimy prisoners, to the intense enjoyment of the bystanding slap from the tail of one of their slimy prisoners, to the intense enjoyment of the bystanding crowd. Carts are in waiting on the banks, and the fish are heaped up into them and immediately carried to the market; while large tubs with water are in readiness to keep the smaller fish, for re-stocking either the pond which is being fished or some neigh- bouring one.—One of these curious soenes of fish- reaping might have been studied this week not far from Paris, at the lake of Eaghien-a. charming watering-place, situated on the Northern Railway line. This fishing of the Eaghien lake only occurs every fifth year. On Sunday last, though the weather was terribly bad, a large crowd had assembled on the borders of the lake to witness the proceedings. All the night the sluices had been left open, eo the water was very low, and the fish collected in the deeper recesses might be seen in large shoals, very uneasy at the sudden and quite unexpected drought. At one a shot was fired to give the signal, and the fishermen in boats, or wading through the water, pushed the nets before them towards the banks, when suddenly there was a rent in the meshes, and the work had to be begun again. The next three haulings of the net, however, set things to rights, and in a short time four thousand pounds' weight of carp, tench, barbel, pike, and eels, were packed up in the carts and rolling on towards the Halles Centrales. The fishing of the lake will con. tinue all the week through, and I need not say that fresh-water fish are numerous enough just now on all the fish-stalls in Paris, and that Enghien ia turned into an icthyophagiat colony for the week.
REVOLT IN A FRENCH JUVENILE■…
REVOLT IN A FRENCH JUVENILE ■ PENITENTIARY. The Juvenile Penitentiary of St. Anne, in the lie du Levant, one of the Hjeres, near Toulon, contained 223 prisoners in September last. On the 28th of that month their numbers were increased by 65 others, who had been transferred from the suppressed penitentiary of St. Antoine in Corsica,. Thio arrival, which had been eagerly expected by the inmates of St. Acne's, brought to maturity projects of revolt already cherished there, and these were realised on the 2nd of last October with the most appalling results. Sixteen young prisoners are now on their trial before the Assize Court of Draguignan, in the department of the Yar, for acts perpetrated that night, some details of which aw given below from the axte d'accusa- lion, or bill of indictment. Condurier, one of the prisoners now under trial, was the ringleader of the rebellion, which broke out shortly after bedtime on the evening above stated. The conspira- tors rose, put out the lights, broke the windows and the partitions, and drove out the turnkeys. After some uncertainty as to the course they should next pursue, Condurier cried out, "Let us go set the pri- Boners free! Immediately nine oells, in which lads were undergoing ten porary confinement for breaches of discipline, were broken open, and amongst those who were released from them were nearly all the prisoners who are now before the court. Pillage and drink were the next object of the insurgents, and when they had had enough of both, they quitted the storehouse, and Condurier cried out, Now we must thrust into it those who would eell us, and set it on fire." Then he took two of the accused, Ferandon and Allard, aside, aud said to them, "I am going to put the spies into the storehouse, and when they are there, you, Ferandon, will set fire to it, and you, Allard, will stop them from coming out with your knife." The murderer had well chosen his instru- ments. Lecoq, another of the accused, said of them, Ferandon, who loves to do mischief, will do this job well; and Allard, who is drunk, will do it well; also." These arrangements having been made, the destined victims were invited into the storehouse to take their fill of food and drink; and at least 12 or 14 having accepted the invitatioa. and been admitted by Con- durier, who thrust all others aside, Ferander by order of Condurier, Bet fire to a heap of papers which he had prepared beforehand; and over which he had poured the contents of a demijohn of petroleum oil. There was no escape for the unfortunate lads entrapped in the blazing room; the windows were strongly barred, and the only Issue lay through the half-ruined door, in front of which a sheet of flame was rapidly spreading. One lad — his name was Garibaldi-made the desperate attempt, but Allard stabbed him three times in the thighs and the chest, and flung him back bleeding into the fire. The survivors all clung to the window-bars, calling piteously for help. Their cries were heard by the watchman of the island semaphore, who came to their j assistance with a coverlet soaked in water; but the j murderers rushed upon him, yelling like demons, and, to use his own expression, he found himself caught up j like a feather, and thrown into a newly-opened trench I four yards deep, when he broke his leg. One of the least criminal of the revolted boys picked up the wet quilt, and tried to pass it through tho bars to his com- rades, but he too was flung into the trench, though he escaped from it without any serious injury. Thus vanished the last hope of escape for the alleged spies. When succour arrived on the 4th the fire was still burning, and the bodies of the victims' had been re- duced to ashes. The trial of the prisoners began on the 2nd instant, and concluded on the 7th instant, when judgment was delivered. Four of the accused were condemned to the galleys for life, and many others were sentenced to lighter penalties, three only being acquitted.
BOYAL NATIONAL LIFEBOAT INSTITUTION.
BOYAL NATIONAL LIFEBOAT INSTITUTION. On Thursday a meeting of this institution was held at its house, John-street, Adelphi; Thomas Chap. man, Esq., F.R.S., V.P., in the chair. Richard Lewis, Esq., the secretary, having read the minutes of the previous meeting,rewards amounting to .£136 6s. were voted to pay the expenses of the Withernsea, Fleet- wood, Whitburn, Orme's Head, Holyhead, Porthleven, Lowestoft, Wexford, Whitby, and Palling, for rescu- ing the crews of the following wrecked vessels, during the past month:—Brig George, of Lowestoft, 6 men saved; barque Inga, of Krageroe, 13 saved; barque Margaret and Jane, of South Shields, and barque Caroline and Elizabeth, of London, 21; smack Cymro, of Amlwch, 2; ship Himalaya, of London, rendered assistance; Russian barque Salrui, assisted to save vessel and crew of 16 men; lugger William and :Mary, of Yarmouth, 1; shore boat of Wexford, 9; ship Indus, of Maitland, N.S., 2; schooner Lion, of Goole, 5; and brig Chase, 5; total lives saved, 80. Rewards amounting to J244 were also voted to pay the expenses of the lifeboats of the institution at different stations on the coast, for various services to shipwrecked vessels and their crews during the past month. It was reported that a seaman named George Cowell had put off alone in a small boat, near the entrance to the Tees, on the 8th ult., to the assistance of the crew of the wrecked steam sloop Wrecker, of Newcastle. In his noble attempt the boat was capsized, and he was unfortunately drowned. The institution voted X10 to his widow, who, happily, has no children. Various other rewards were also granted for saving life from different wrecks on our coasts. A contribu- tien of X350 had been received by the institution on behalf of the "Solicitors' and Proctors'" lifeboat fund, through F. Oavry, Esq" and W. M. Wilkinson, Esq. The committee decided to station the lifeboat at Winchelsea, on the coast of Sussex. The Solicitor- General, Sir J. B. Karalake, Q.C., had also forwarded to the society a liberal donation of X10. A con- tribution, amounting to X150 63. 9.3., consisting of subscriptions made by the readers of the Working Man, had been received by the institution through Messrs. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, the publishers, towards the cost of a lifeboat, to be called the Working Man." They wished the boat to be, if possible, on the Scotch coast. Legacies had recently been bequeathed to the society by the late Miss Laing, of Abergele, £ 50, and the late Mrs. Mary Clarke, of King's Lynn, £ 30. New lifeboats had been sent, during the past month, to Lyme Regis, Looe, New Brighton, Tyrella, and Portlogan. The railway and steam-packet companies had, as usual, kindly given the boats free conveyance to their desti- nations. Payments amounting to X2,400 were ordered to be made on various lifeboat establishments. The proceedings then terminated.
IA SAL7' LAKE TRAGEDY.
I A SAL7' LAKE TRAGEDY. More than two years ago Dr. J. King Robinson was ordered to Salt Lake City as surgeon of the (United States) troops stationed there to watch the Mormons, and look after Price's rebel soldiers. Active, clever, persevering, self-reliant, he quickly got into extensive practice outside the army, both among Gentiles and Mormons. Brigham Young teaches the laying on of hands for the healing of the sick, but he found that his people had more faith in the doctor. When tha troops were disbanded, the young surgeon, with his young wife, determined to remain. His fame had spread throughout Utah, and he was a general favourite. But he never failed to denounce Mormon ism, and to avow his utter contempt for its leaders. He took charge of a Sunday school, to which, notwithstanding all threats, Mormon children would go, and would take home the tracts he gave them. He acquired some land, Indian land, containing warm (sulphur) springs, outside the mud wall north of Salt Lake, and was about to build; he had the land recorded in the Land- office at Washington as "the town of warm springs*" These things could not be tolerated. The result was lately telegraphed. At midnight he was summoned to attend a sick man his wife wished him not to go, but he did not like to refuse. Within 200 feet of his door the man who came for him assassinated him.
CERTSTMAS DECORATIONS. After a long period of rude neglect, we have come back now to something mora like the tender care of early times in arranging the temporary ornamenta- tion of our churches. Christmas decorations mean something vastly more elaborate than they did in our grandfathers' and great-grandfathers' times. Decoration has become a science, and much study is necessary if decorators will satisfy the critical eyes which are occupied during the times of service in discovering beauties and defects. It is by no means light work that is de. mauded of the votaries of this science. For a week before Christmas Day, body and soul must be given up to one all-engrossing occupation, the carrying into practical effect the plans which long weeks of reading and preparation have elaborated. Tender fingers do not recover for weeks from the pricking and the staining through which they have to go in order to realise the careful designs. Colds caught in damp churches are not shaken off before Candlemas comes, with its superstitious expurgation of all Christmas symbols, a relic of the old arrange- ments in honour of the sylvan sprites. The days have gone by when a few moderate-sized holly-buehes tied here and there about the church were all the decorating done, achieved by the parish clerk in a couple of hours, and charged for accordingly. Oar decorations make, perhaps, less bulky show, but they coat us infinitely greater pains. A hundred and fifty years ago Miss Jenny Simper wrote to the Spectator, to complain that the church she frequented looked more like a green-house than a house of worship (that is, a sad and sombre place), the middle aiBle being a pretty shady walk, and the pevs so many arboura on each side of it. The pulpit itself was such a mass of ivy, holly, and rosemary, that a light fellow in her pew took occasion to Eay that the congregation heard the Word out of a bush, like Moses. Some pewa were so well hedged, that her ey es were obliged to shoot at random among the boughs, without taking any manner of aim: in answer to which the clerk stated that it was his chief object, in putting up such profuse decorations, to restrain the wandering of her glances. This sort of Feast of Tabernacles under cover was something far less delicate than the laborious works of art, the scrolls, and bosses, and texts, with which we cover our walls and fill up our spandrels, or even the wreaths and clusters wherewith we choke the candles and gas, bind up the revolving lecturna, and render approach to the pulpit almost as impracticable as locomotion therein is undesirable, seeing that holly is not a kindly shrub for the head or the hand of the preacher to come in contact with unawares. The cross flenrie, the cross patonce, the quatrefoil and oinqfoil, the vesica, the four-five-and six-pointed star, the illegible Greek initials, the arcades, bands, banners, diapers, and medallions, all are or ought to be the result of serious study and considerable practice, the one to insure correctness of design, the other neatness of execution. The construction of these works of art is an agreeably gregarious occupa- tion, and the placing them in their proper places an employment muoh sought after. Results follow which are analogous to those scandalously mothered upon Doroas societies. Throughout the month of January, reports of a personal character circulate briskly, which may be traced to the work-room where the heavy part of the decoration was done, and such reports are not always tender and not always true. An amount of quiet jocularity is indulged in, while the decorations are being put tip in the church, which is in some cases very far from seemly. In damp country ehurches, the decorators have been seen huddled round the smoky little stove, drinking wine mulled thereat to keep out the cold; while with more of regret than of flippancy it must be said that I a great deal of ecclesiastical flirtation goes on at Christmas time in places meant for other things. It is unfortunate that this should be so, for it gives occasion for hostile meannesses, even where all has been done after an orderly and seemly manner. As the outrageous passion for ecclesiastical millinery 1 has brought disrepute on some proceedings which might have seemed harmless and respectable enough had they stood by themselves, so the silliness of a few foolish young men and women may raise an antagon- istic feeling with regard to Christmas decorations, which every one who cares for the outward expression of respect for our places of worship would deplore. It was not thus, we may be sure, but with most virgin- like sobriety and reverence, that Severus and Nepo- tian, Rhadegund and Agnes, adorned their churches with their choicest flowere.-Loiidon Review.
IWILLS AND BEQUESTS.!
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. The will of the Right Rev. Anthony O'Regan, Roman Catholic Bishop of Dora, lately residing at Michael's-grove, Brompton, was proved in the London court, on the 21st ult., by the Rev. John Kyne, the acting executor and trustee, power being reserved to Charles Kelly, Esq.,Q.C., the other executor. The person- alty in this country is sworn under £ 10,000. The will is daiod July 15, 1865, and he died in London, Nov. 13, 1866. He has left pecuniary legacies to each of his brothers, to his nephews and nieces, and to a sister- in-law. He bequeaths X2,000 to the Roman Catholic Missionary College, All Hallows, Dublin, the interest to be applied for the education of clergymen for the dioceses of Chicago, and Alto, Illinois, United States; also, a sum of .£500 to aid in the building of an hospital in Chicago and Illinois, to be under the management of Catholic ladies; .£500 towards the erection of two Catholic schools, one in Lawllywe, the place of his birth; the other in Cloonford, both in his native parish of Kiltulla; 412,000, the interest to- wards the payment of teaohers; zC500 for the enlarge- ment and decoration of the chapel at Cloonford. He leaves all his vestments, misaals, albs, altar-candle. sticks, the crucifix, altar-cloths and covers, and all the statuettes and other furniture of his chapel in Bcomp- ton to the chapel at Cloonford; his chalice he leaves to the Rev. John Kyne, and the ivory crucifix in his drawing-room to Charles Kelly, Esq., his executors, and to them he also leaves a legacy of £ 50 each. He bequeaths .£300, the interest of which is for the say- ing of masses for the repose of his soul and those of his parents, brothers, and sisters, to be said in the chapel of Cloonford, one to be an annual solemn requiem mass, by four priests, on the anniversary of hia death. The archbishop is requested to see these directions carried out, and that they are placed in some conspisuous part of the saoristy of the chapel at Cloonford. After making some other bequests, and that each ot his servants shall have one year's wages, he bequeaths the ultimate residue of his property to his nephew, tho Rev. Patrick M. O'Regan, and also leaves to him the gilt dish and vase presented to him by the Duke of Norfolk, and leaves him every other article used by him in his episoopal character in- the ministration of religion—rings, crosses, boujeoir, mitres, &c., to be disposed of as he may please. The will of Major-General George Macan, lately residing at Westbourne-street, Hyde-park, where he died on Nov. 12, was administered to in the London court, on the 10th ult., by Henry Macan, C.B., the testator's brother, the executor appointed for India, and one of the surviving residaary legatees; Miss Mary Macan, the General's sister, and the executrix for England, having renounced the grant. The personalty in this country was sworn under £ 20,000. The testator executed his will in 1827, then lieutenant of the 15th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry. This gallant officer has bequeathed the whole of his property in India, England, and elsewhere equally be- tween his brother Henry and his sister Mary, for their own absolute use and ben jSt. The will of the Hon. and Yen. James Agar, M.A., Archdeacon of Kilmore, late residing at Stephen's- green, Dublin, but who died at Donishall, Wexford, was administered to in the London court by his nephew, the Hon. Herbert Wellbore Ellis Agar, second son of the Earl of Normanton, Thomas James Agar Robartes, Eon of the late Hon. Charles Bagnal Agar, the surviving executor, having renounced. The personal property was sworn under £ -30,000. The testator died September 6, 1866, at the age of 85, having executed his will so far back as 1842, wherein he states that his wifa is sufficiently provided for should she survive him, and that she might seleot the beet of hia carriages, olose or open, and the best pair of horses. He leaves the rest of his property to his said nephew, the Hon. Herbert W. E. Agar, and to hii issue.—Illustrated, London News.
A NEW SYSTEM OF GAROTTING.
A NEW SYSTEM OF GAROTTING. Henry Williams, a young man, was brought before Mr. Woolrlcb, at the Southwark Police-court, on Thursday, for final examination, charged with as- saulting John Stroud, and being concerned with another not in custody in stealing a valuable silver watch from him in the Blackfriars-road. The prosecutor said that on Christmas night he had been spending a few hours with a family party at Walworth, end between six and seven the following morning was returning home with his wife and other friends. When they got to the corner of Great Char- lotte-street, and were shaking hands, all bidding good- bye to each other, the prisoner and another young fellow rushed before them. Tho prisoner seized witness under the chin with one hand, while with the other he snatched his watch and broke it from the guard, and befora ha could recover himself the prisoner passed it to his companion, and ran across the road. Witness pursued him, and caught hold of him near the Surrey Chapsl, when they had a severe struggle. A constable came up at the time, and he gave the prisoner into custody. His companion managed to make his escape with the watch. Mr. Woolrych asked him whether the other man did anything to him ? He replied that when he first caught hold of the prisoner the other man tried to prevent him, but see- ing the constable approach he made off with as much speed as possible. Soon after that the prisoner said, I have not got yonr watch, but I know who has, and had I known it was voura you should not have lost it." Mary Izzard said she was with the last witness when the prisoner and another man rushed between them, and the prisoner seized the prosecutor by the neck with one hand and snatched his watch with the other. After that he passed the watch to the other man and then ran across the road. Police. constable 62 L said he heard cries of Police on the morning in question, and on proceed. ing towards Surrey Chapel he saw the prisoner and prosecutor struggling together, and the latter gave him into custody for assaulting him and robbing him of his watch. The prisoner denied the charge altogether, and de- clared he never made use of those observations. Mr. Woolrych committed the prisoner for trial. I
The Condemned at Kirkdale. -The con- demned criminal, Robert Reid, who was sentenced to death at the late Lancashire Assizes, for the murder of his wife in Lower Myrtle-street, four years ago, remains in the Kirkdalo Gaol, and has been visited by his son, his sister from Ireland, and two coiwina resident in Liverpool. He is attended by the Pro- testant chaplain, the Rev. R. Appleton. We under- stand that two petitions, praying for a commutation of the sentence, have been forwarded to the Home- office. One of the petitions was originated by the prisoner's friends, and is stated to have been numerously signed. However, so far, the authorities at the gaol have received no intimation which would lead them to believe that the extreme sentence of the law will not be carried into effect. The criminal still seems to entertain a hope that he? Majesty's clemency will be extended towards him. Reduction of Wages.—The ironmasters of South Staffordshire and East Worcestershire gave notice to their men on Saturday of a reduction of wages, The notice will expire in a fortnight. This reduotion will affect the men employed at the finished iron works; those in blast furnaces; the miners engaged in the lime and iron stone mines; and the colliers employed in the thin coal mines. The men held meetings in the evening, but it is not yet known what course they will adopt with respect to the new terms offered them. terms offered them.
"-FACTS AND FACETI20. .
FACTS AND FACETI20. Nine Weary Miles.— Nine weary up-hill miles we sped, The setting sun to see; Sulky and grim he went to bed, Sulky and grim went we. Seven sleepless hours we tossed, and then, The rising sun to see, Sulky and grim we rose again,. Sulky and grim rose he. The announcement is advertised that Mr. William Ginger has changed his name, in due and legal form, to William Glyn. A woman is sometimes much struck with a man before marriage, and very often by him afterward. What a suspicious monster the man must have been who first invented a look but what a trusting creature the woman who first allowed a latoh-key An immense Spanish pig,, which seems to have gone the whole hog," will figure at the exhibition. The animal is now on its way from Muroia to Madrid. Its weight is about 1,000 English pounds. If you had avoided rum," said a rumseller to a customer, you could now ride in your carriage." "And if you had never sold rum," said the bacchanal, you would have been my driver." A country girl, coming from the field, being told by her poetic cousin that she looked as fresh as a daisy kissed with dew, said, Well, it wasn't any fellow by that name, but it was Steve Jonea that hissed me. I told him that every one in town would find it out." Hollow.—An editor says he has become so holloa from depending on the printing businesa for bread, that he proposes to sell himself for a stove-pipe. At a dinner party given to the President and his associates in St. Louis, Mr. Seward offered the fol- lowing well-turned toast: The Mayor of St. Louis —may he ever be conservative in his administration of oity affairs, and radical in hospitality to hia friends." I like temperance hotels," says Mr. Artemua Ward, making his joke, as usual, out of a plain matter-of-fact statement, followed by a whimsical explanation:—" I like temperance hotels, they always keep such good liquor." Cold water out and cold water in, Will make a man clean and new as a pin; Cold water in and cold water out, Will cure a man of the terrible gout. A vendor of court plaister had the healing article neatly wrapped in a tiny envelope, whereon was a figure of Cupid, and underneath were— All wounds but Cupid's I can cure And that 'tis pleasure to endure." Friends of the day are like a melon. Why? Because you may a dozen melons try, Before you a find a good one, fit to eat; And sure a true friend is just as rare a treat. A Londoner inquired at the Post-office in Erie, Penn., the other day, for a letter for Eary Hogden." He was told there was none. Look 'ere," he replied, a little angrily, you've hexaminad a hodd letter for my name. It don't commence with a haitch! It begins with a ho! Look in tho ole that's got the ho's!" An editor, with an eye to payment for what he sella, indulges in this little bit of philosophy:—" Every man ought to pay his debts, if he can. Every man' ought to get married, if he can. Every man should do his work to suit his customers, if he can. Every wife should sometimes hold her tongue, if she can. Every lawyer should occasionally tell the truth, if he can. Every man ought to mind his own business and' let other people's alone, if he can. Exery man should take a newspaper and pay for it ANY HOW." A story is told of an Irish ostler, who was sent to the stable to bring forth a traveller's horse. Not knowing which of the two strange horses in the stalls belonged to the traveller, and wishing to avoid the appearance of ignorance in his business, he saddled both animals and brought them to the door. The traveller pointed out his own hpree, saying," That's my nag." Certainly, yor honour, I know that very well, but I didn't know which was the or-her gentleman's." London Epitaphs.- In St. Giles's, Cripplegate, there is a monument with the following inscription: Here lies Dame Mary Page, relict of Sir Gregory Page, Bart., who departed this life March 4th, 1728, in the 56th year of her age. In 67 months she was tapped 66 times; had taken away 240 gallons of water, without ever repining at her case, or ever fearing the operation." The remains- of this once splendid marble pedestal tomb still remain standing in the north centre. At All Hallow's Church is the following:—" Here lyes the body of Margaret, the wife of Abraham Ash, Russia merchant, who was the daughter of Arthur Dee, doctor in physick, 14 years physician to the. Emperor of all Russia; she had issue by her said hus- band 10 children, and died in childbed at the age of 33, 21st June, 1638. Thou bed of rest, preserve for him a room, Who lives a man divorced from his wife, That as they were one heart, so this one tomb May hold them near in death as link'd in life; She's gone before, and aftor comes her head, To sleep with her among the blessed dead." At Old St. Michael, Crooked-lane, is one as under :— Here lyeth wrapped in olay The body of William Wray- I have no more to eay." Another runs thus: "Miriam Taylor, daughter of Richard and Agnes Taylor, who departed this life June 30th, 1705, aged 17; also John Taylor, who was unfortunately killed by a blow with a stick, on Holy Thursday, 1710, in the fifteenth year of his age. All you that chance this tomb of mine to see, Pray stop and think, and warning take by me, With care observe your parent's sound advice, Your safety in your just obedience lies. If you their wise command a once disobsy, Like me to sudden death you'll fall a prey." At St. Bene, Paul's-wharf, the following lines are still visible on an old slab :— "Herelies one More, and no more than One More, and no more! How can that be? Why one More, and no more may well lie here alone, Bat here lies one More, and that's more than one!" Advantages of being a Woman.—A Yankee paper says A woman eajs what she chooses, with- out being knocked down for it. She can take a snooze after dinner, while her husband goes to work. She can go into the street without being asked to "stand treat" at every saloon. She can ptay at home in time of war, and get married again if her husband is killed. She can wear cereelets if too thick, and other fixings if too thin. She can get divorced from her husband whenever she eeas one she likes better. She. can get her husband in debt all over until he warns the public not to trust her on bis account. B at all theseadvan- tages are balanced by the great fact that she cannot sing bass, go sparking, or climb a tree with any degree of propriety. A Transfer During a Panic.-In the midst of the late excitement in Now YUlk, and at the moment when everybody thought all the banks were going to the dogs together, Jonea rushed into the bank of which he Was a stockholder, and thrusting the certifi- cate into the fche transfer olerk, he said, ia great haste:'Here, please transfer half that to James P. Smit". The clerk looked at it, and asked, "Which half, Mr. Jones?" "I don't care which half." replied Jones, puzzled at the inquiry. You had better go to the law courts; I can't make the transfer without a legal deoision. If 3 ou really wish to transfer yeur other half to Mr. Smith, we can't do ithere." Jones was confounded. Be knew the banks were all in a muddle, but this was too deep for him. He took his certificate from the band of the smiling clerk, and on looking at it, lo! it wa& his marriage cer- tificate! Being a printed form, on tine paper, and put away among his private papers, it was the first thing that Mr. Jones laid hands on when he went to the secretary for his bank-stock scrip. He went home, kissed his wife, glad to find she had'nt been transferred to Mr. Smith, and, taking the right papers this time, be hastened back to the bank in time to get it all straight.
The passenger and goods traffic on the Leeds and Bradford, and the SkIPton sections of the Mid- land Railway, as it existed previous to the fiood in November, was resumed on Thursday morning, and the whole of the trains are now runaingo