SPORTS AND PASTIMES. ,-+-- THE Levant Herald says the cricket match between her Majesty's Embassy and the Caradoc on the one side, and the Constantinople Club on the other, came off at the Sweet Waters of Asia on Saturday, July 21. Play began about eleven a.m., and lasted, with a couple of hours' interval, till after six p.m., when the diplomats and bluejackets were thoroughly, but not ingloriously, beaten. The attendance of outaide spectators was unusually largo,, and incsinded must of tha rank and fashion of Candid, Bebek, Ther&pia, Bayukdere, and the other regiona round about the Bosphorus. An admirable lunch, hospitably open to all comers, was served about two o'clock, and hence on till the close of the game the scene was as lively as capital play and brilliant company coald make it. YOUNG WOODCOCKS.—How many form a family? La,st Sunday evening, says a correspondent of the Field, whilst taking a stroll of investigation in a natural birch wood covert, on the banks of a famous salmon river, I SAW what I had often heard of, but never known previously, even in an experience of their breeding ground on the other side of the Atlantic —four young woodcocks. In the midst of a luxuriant patch of the common felis mas fern, arrested in its progress by the stagnant sloppiut ss and sponginass of the outlet of a. bill burn, which forma g, delicious natu- ral feeding-ground for snipa and their cousins in hard weather, I was arrested by the rash of a bird rising through the air. I at once recognised a woodcock as it cleared the natural birch trees, 15ft. to 20ft. high, over and through which it took its way, flying pretty strong'. I had hardly watched it for five seconds, and turned half round to look again at the ground, before another, then another, got up on my left, and slightly In the rear, and, flying with consider- able difficulty, got over a fence some twelve yards distant into a clover field. Almost before they had alighted there I stepped out on my way, when a,fourth got up in front to my right, about two yards from me, so that I must have been right among them before they would rise. The last flew not more than ton to twenty yards at a, time, scarcely rising four feet from the ground. I ran it down in some 400 yards, cutting it off from the clumps of fern, which it made for and tried to hide in. As I Beared it it increased its flights for a short distance, and ran in the intervals of living almost as fast as an old-cock pheasant'scuttling into covert when ha suspects something; but its flight soon got shorter. I turned it looae on eatisfying my- self it was a woodcock. None but tha last made any cry on rising; hnir it jabbered in what Carlyle would call "inarticulate shrieking" each time it had to land. I imagine, from its being the last to rise and its flight, that it was the Benjamin of the brood (were they all one brood ?}. Captain Musgrave has told us pleasantly, in his manly narrative of his shipwreck, that young seals cost their mammas as much training to take the water, aa a young lady in her first season the revered parent, in trusting her offspring to the risks of the ocean of life. In noticing these innocent woodcocks, I was struck by what all who have observed birds must be aware of, that wingmanship" does not" oarne by nature," as Dogberry believed reading and writing did in his day, a,nd gig-driving and farming in oars by his descend- ants. All these tyros in the art (the last particularly) flew awkwardly, feet hanging down, tail outspread, and screwed in below them at an obtuse angle, I pre. sume, to give their pectoral muscles a. stand-point for the leverage of their wings, Better mark -till of their incapacity and clumsiness, the axis of their body more ) or less perpendicular—the one run- down particularly noticeable in that—just like « hobbledehoy bantam trying to fly over a fsnoa too tall for him. In fast, no one accustomed to the powerful, swift," and what (for want of a better epithet) I must call the dreamy flight of the full-grown woodcock, could have believed it was the young that Saw as my did.. THE legitimate "'opening of what in the metro- polia is termed the "oyster season," took place 0n Saturday morning at Billingsgate Market. Prices ruled as follows:—Natives, 90, to 100a, per bushel; pearls, ehene rocks, and old royals, 30s. to 35s.; common and other inferior kinds, from 13a, per bushel and upwards. AN intrepid swimmer has crossed the Lake of Geneva, between Belotte and Beilevue. The feat oocupied two hours and a. half. Daring all this time tha swimmer took no rest, not even bv floating on his back. By the kindness of gentlemen in Nottingham and neighbourhood private hospitality will be offered to mora than 300 members of the British Association at the ensuing meeting. Ladings at an average of 5s. per night have been registered for more than 1,000 visitors and if the meeting is a very larga one, from 200 to 300 beds have been reserved in neighbouring towns, easily accessible by special trains after every night of the meeting. AMATEUR SWIMMING- MATCH.—ON Saturday morn- ing the race for the amateur silver challenge cup, pre- sented by Mr. John Latey, the honorary sooretary of the London Swimming Club, took place in the Serpen- tina. The start was from the grating end_to Kensing- ton-bridge, 1,000 yards. hal £ -past six being the time specified. There were four entries, viz., Messrs. W. Adams, W. Cole, C. Powell, and F, Smithy but only the first two names appeared at the starting place. They started very evenly and kep i together for rather more than 100 yards, when Adams began to taka the lead, which he gradually increased., and_ won very easily, doing the distance in about 18J minutes; but the time is not a fair criterion of his powers, as Cole gave up some distance from the bridge. A CONTEIPORARY saya the approaching shooting season offers additional sport in this country, as French partridges (which, in sporting phraseology, are better known as "red legs") have located and bred this summer on the hills of Mersham and Gedstone. These birds are very plentiful in Norfolk and Essex, and there is a sprinkling of them in Kent, from which counties these French strangers are supposed to have deserted. They have reared young broods which are strong, but their habit of running makes them rarely to be seen on the wing, For our part we would rather I be without such game than with them. They neither afford sport nor are they good to eat. I THE imperial commission for the Paris Exhibition next year has arranged a department in which sailing boats, rowing boats, and models of ships and yachts of all nations can be exhibited. The models will be properly placed in light and well-covered galleries, while the boats, punts, and canoes occupy a suitable roofed shed on the margin of the river close to the principal bridge leading to the exhibition, from whence they can be readily lowered into the water for use. It has been proposed to have a sailing match for schooner and cutter yachts at Havre, in July next, and an inter. national regatta will take place on the Seine. The English committee in connection with this department of the Paris Exhibition (of which H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh is chairman) have invited the principal yacht and boat-builders to apply for space, and the yacht clabs of the United Kingdom will be requested to take part in the sailing matches. The sailors of the Royal Navy will be permitted to row in the regatta, and it is hoped that several prizes will be offered. THE Oxford and Cambridge College Servants Eight- oar race took place from Iffiey to Oxford last week. Hitherto the Oxford servants have emulated the ex- ample set them by their masters at Putney, having been successful on six previous occasions, while the Cantabs had never scored a victory on the water; but it having become known that they possessed an unusually good erew, they were speedily made the favourites. As the choice of sides of the river was known to be a manifest advantage, it was determined to have a time race, the crews having to start eighty yards apart. Oxford had the first position, and went off at a pace which made their friends sanguine of success for a time, but on nearing the Gut Cambridge began to gain, and gradually lessened the distance between them, until near the finish they were so close that a "bump" (a foul) seemed inevitable. Easing a little they reached their flag only a few yards behind Oxford, who shut up when they heard the report of the Cam- bridge pistol, and rowed leisurely to their goal, many seconds behind Cambridge in point of time. The re- sult was received on all sides with great applause. The Oxonians were the heavier crew. The Cantabs were entertained at a public banquet at the Town-hall in the evening. OF all the funny and amusing persons in London, give us Arthur Sketchley. His character of Mrs. Brown is inimitable. How he goes out with her for a holiday, how she is entertained at the theatre, how they got home in the evening, are all things to be seen and heard to be appreciated. We believe it not unlikely that Mr. Sketchley will be sued for damages some day or other for splitting the sides of some gentleman's cara svosa, or of some ladies' inferior half. We are informed, however, that Mr. Arthur Sketchley will shortly leave this country for America, and taks Mrs. Brown with him. Oh, fie' what will Mrs. Arthur Sketchley say, and what will they say at the Egyptian Hall.
AGRICULTURE. -+-- Diseases in Sheep.—The "aid" or t; Tumsick." We extract the following from tka Fielct news- paper: Most; farmers are familiar with tha disease in some of the members of their flocks, generally the younger breaches of them. It is asserted that aheep do not become giddy after they arrive at the age of Jwo years, but we have practical evidence to the con- trary. Aha majority of eases 030or in young- sheep, bat no age is absolutely free from the risk. A few years ago and no disease was enveloped in mora mysssry than this, until the researches of some German physiologists resulted in the discovery of its nature, and at the same time threw light upon a host of like affections in other animals; and now nothing is mora simple than the explanation of the whole matter. A giddy sheep is known at one,- in the flock by certain peculiarities in his movements. He generally turns round whei! o another would proceed in a straight c lice, and always turns in one direction. The attempt on the part of the deceased animal to walk across a nelt results in the performance of a series of gyra. tions, which often culminate in a tumble from exhaustion. The head is generally depressed, one can imagine, from a dull aching sensation in the brain; the appetite is impaired, and tha animal's condition falls off, providing he is allowed to live. A remarkable instance of the occurrence of the dis- ease in an enzootic form came under our notice some years back, before the origin of the malady was wall understood. A number of laraba and one-year-old sheep pastured on common land suddenly became I affected with giddiness; many of them die3, others were killed by the butcher, and ultimately, if we reool- leot rightly, the majority of the flock were lost. A great, many heads were sent for examination, and all of them contained an hydatid (water-bladder) in the bremi; in some cases two were found, and in one or the brain was nearly destroyed, the larger portion of the cavity being occupied by the parasite. No explanation of the circumstance could be found. It was against all experience that a whole flock should be tbnsattacked, but of the fact there was no question, It was ascertained that dogs were constantly exercised over the grounds where the sheep were feeding, but that fact did not possess the significance it has since acquires. On most farms where the disease appears an animal no,7 ad then is attacked and is sent to the butcher, no further notice being takan of the matter; but when a number of animals kept for store or breeding pur- become thus affected, the circumstance is, to the least, annoying, and all the more so that no tMatmsat appears to be of much use, From the days iL Shepherd until now we do not appear to hiro advanced much in our knowledge of the means of combating this disease. It is recorded that the individual in question was accustomed to caotura the sheep he noticed to be suffering from gid," and after fixieg their heads between his knees, to thrust a long kmtuisg needle up tha nostrils, penetrate the brain° to the saat of the hydatid, and thus allow the fluid to escape. Sometimes the sheep operated upon died off nandj and at others it is said they recovered. Oar present experience of the remedy and various modifi- cations of it is not favourable. If puncture of the hydatid would euro the disease, there wo aid be nothing formidable about it, because it might be effected through she skull much more easily and more safely than by tha medium of the nostrils; but numerous experiments prove that even the entire removal of the bydatiii does not cure, although it may relieve the animal for a time. The ciiscoveryof the origin of hydatids in various parts of the animal body was rendered comparatively MmFia by tha researches cf the Danish naturalist, ■> ;rup, who ascertained the existence in nature of --o law of alternate generations, which, in aa-mounts to this: Certain animals, low in •.A.J r.Zti of organisation, do not produce young ones 1—" C'l^es j bat from their eggs emerge less higlJy organised beings, which in another generation into the original kind again, and so on in con- :,t:¡,nG liiternation. Pursuing this idea through a mul- or. ramifications, it was discovered that hydatids were tha alternate generation of tapeworms, For ex- ample, to obtain hydatids it is necessary to cause to be awaliowed tapeworm eggs, and to obtain tapeworms tha same thing must occur with hydatids. Upon this principle the explanation of giddiness b sheep is perfectly easy. The animals must have a a a wallowed some mature segments of tapeworms, the ambryqa of which bore their way to the brain and grown mao hydatids. For tno tapeworm segments iu is not neaesssry to go far; the shepherd's dog is often coated with them, and, if not, other dogs hav- ing to the farm will probably furnish enough to infsac the sheep who happen to swallow them. It win now be seen why the fact cf dogs being con- 's"- Jsed on the grounds where so many sheep- ~~x d furnishes the key to the problem. In i • case the dogs were known to be infested with worms, which, from tha description given, ware ndoubteöly tapeworms, the expelled segments of would naturally fall ml various parts of the p of gid are generally eo well defined that 1 -1 shepherd can at once select the diseased °-n but if any doubt should exist an examination ■o" te*6 v3sa will place tha matter beyond question. J- ately oyer the brain on tha side to which tha torrs in his efforts at progression, the bone of tha v/iL ba found to yield to pressure, the fact being • lit the growth of the hydatid has caused ab. .t-orpticu of the bony covering of the brain, and in .some instances only the membrane belonging to the bone remains. When the hydatid ia very large, both sides c-f the skull are thus softened. This sign will at onee separate the case from one of verMgo resulting fro in congestion of brain or effasion of flaid into the vsntii-cies; or stomach disease, associated with do- rangsmeat of the nervous system. Tie euro of the malady appears to Lave excited • considerable attention at different times, and a variety cf suggestions are offered by different authorities, some of them aavising remedies more remarkable far their ecargetio eharacter than for their humanity; for instance, it is advised to drive the diseased sheep over ain order that the fall may break the water- bladder and thus cure the patient. Others prefer seizins? the sheep by its ears and swinging him until those organs are torn from their positions and, as a crow "17 ioe s, tha plan of striking tha animal smartly on the ^ad with a hammer is^ advisjd. Whether or no all thase saggsstions are made in a jouular spirit it ix 31 Lie to gather from tho words themselves, 1 hey are not eo intended, they are nothing b t- J- lat gross barbarity. The only rational plan of tr mant is to puncture the sac'through the skull, o-* j the trephine and remove the hydatid entire; but YL8 ill-Eaccess that has attended all operations is likely i;> discourage further attempts to pursue the £ .7 "ahonj and generally, if the a in toler- ably good condition, it is both humaae and economical t IC', It to the butaher. 0 ntion in this, as in all other diseases, ia b5 n cure, and prevention in reference to this malady generally means keeping dogs away from crcn_ where sheep are feeding, as they are most Ükeh" to harbour tha tapeworm, from which the pvt:ir kind of hydatid is produced. If osa dog is, by c, pisaaant fiction, considered necessary to kee- l the sheep,, should he ascertained that he is free from the parasite before being allowed to associate with the floe" ad a few doses of areca nut will settle the providing tha shepherd be taught not to jjifeH- "ae dog again by giving him as a savoury mo 1 3 head of a giddy sheep which he has opened for t'h6 purpose of examination. All such heads should be boiled as a measure of security, even if they are „ afterwa.rds buried. Instead of this they are gep.erally chopped open, tha brain, with its hydatid, is given to any dog that may be at hand, and the rest of the head used for food. It is not, therefore, remarkable that dogs are so constantly infested with tap s worm,.
T1 TJesleyan Conference and tae Frenoh Exhibition of 1837.-Tlig Protestants of Franco h". _,j:eod to erect an annexe, at a cost of ^81,200 fsv t rurpose of a Missionary Department," in cot^. :oii with the forthcoming exhibition ef 1867 in the Rev. W. Arthur solicited aid from the W'?:3ys,n Conference in furtherance of the object. As the e:mch Missionary Society's committed had sab- S.:Ttit<3Ö «&200 towards this object, the Wesley an com. greed to do the same, but as it was felt to be undesirable to take the entire cost of the expenses ( £ 5Gv</ out of the ordinary funds, it was suggested that special donations should be solicited from a few j of-the wealthier members of the society. Two-thirds of the entire sum were at once put down, Mr. F. t Jjyaeit,o:ae of the sheriffs-elect of London and .Middle- BeXj contributing £50. j
HINTS UPON GAEDENI35TG. 11 Winter greens claim the fijat atSenfeion, and it is necessary to ensure at once a good supply and a variety. By this time Scotch kale, Brussels sprouts, broccolis, savoys, &o., ought to be strong, and-where they have been planted between rows of peas, to stand the winter, should now be looked over, and every other plant taken out, to make g'reiii rows, if they are at all crowded. Cabbages of most kinds may be sown in the second week of August; Shilling's Queen, Sprotborough, West Ham, and red Dutch ought to have a place in every garden. Sow also Inlander's spinach on slopes in rich soil, and plenty of hardy green Hammersmith Silician and black-seeded cos let- tuce. Sow cauliflower from the nh. to the 20th to keep over winter in frames. The summer-sown endive will now be strong enough to plant out on slopes or raised beds. Give plenty of water, alternating with liquid manure, to celery, and do not earth it up until it is well grown, the earthing being only to blanch it for use. Give plenty of water to broccoli and cauliflower beds and top soarlet-zunnere. In good open situations vegetable marrows for a late supply may still be planted. Use grass mowings to innlch the ground between crops that are likaly to [Suffer from drought. Hoe between the rows of potatoes in dry weather, but do not draw the earth to the stem; the admission of air and sun-heat to the roots will hasten the ripening of the tubers; the foliage, where it re- mains green, should be injured as little as possible. Those that are casting their haulm may be taken up. Earth up the earliest rows of celery earth up leeks; thin out the rows of parsley, so as to get rid of every plant not well curled. Remove decayed leaves from cucumbers and gourds, to prevent the growth of moulds and fungi about them in damp weather, and take cuttings, or sow seed, for cucumbers to fruit dur- ing winter. In the flower garden propagate bedding plants for stock; of geraniums, ripe hard shoots make the best plants. Fuchsias come best from the points of young growing sho rts. Strike verbenas and petunias from the points of young shoots. Calceolarias should be struck in chopped moss or peat. Herbaceous plants may also be struck in quantities to keep over winter in frames, such aa pansies. dieiytras, double walls, double Canterbury bells, double feverfew, and holly- hocks. Keep dahlias and hollyhocks well fastened, and put stakes to chrysanthemums before their heads get heavy, as a protection against storms. Pompones may still be struck for blooming in pots. Plant out pinks and carnations in nursery beds, in well-manured loam. Give plenty of water to chrysanthemums, with occasional doses of strong liquid manure.—Gardener's Magazine,
IMPROVED OMNIBUS ACCOMMO- DATION. The Metropolitan Railway Company have made an important addition to the accommodation for the public, by which, from last Monday, the inhabitants of Kensington, Hammersmith, the City, and, indeed, aU the districts through-which the line of railway runs, were enabled to book themselves right through to Oxford-ciraas. This vary desirable object is accom- plished by mesfis of an omnibus service from Portland- road station to the Oxford-circus. For this purpose, the company some time ago gaya an order to Messrs. M'Naught and' Smith, of Worcester, to construct omnibuses of the msst comfortable and elegant description that could be devised, leaving the conception and carrying out of the style and details to the good taste and judgment of the firm. A couple ofthoaa omnibuses and the horses which have been provided for the service were submitted to the inspection of a few gentlemen on Friday. b sort of trial trip took place. It may safely be said that nothing in the omnibus line ever appeared in the metropolis like the Metropolitan Railway new 'bases. Though much larger than the ordinary run of omni- buses, their exterior appearance, is light and elegant. A, striking peculiarity of the new omnibuses is that they are divided into classes. The inside first-class carriage is fitted up with all the comfort and magni- ficence which distinguishes the first-class railway carriages belonging to the Metropolitan Railway Company; and, indeed, more so., for they are not alone well-lighted and luxuriously upholstered, but ithey also possess small. bat necessary com- forts, such, for instance, as umbrella stands. The inside first-clsss carriages. are arranged to seat six passengers. The rear of the inside of the omnibus is set apart for seeond-dass passengers. A vast im- provement on even the best got-up omnibuses at present in use is here observable. The interiors of the carriages.are remarkable for a rich display of polished mahogany, enamelled cloth upholstery, and plate glass, and are equally as well ventilated, well lit, and roomy as the first class. Seven inside second-class passengers are provided for. The roof is also divided into classes. The first-class seats are placed on eash aide, and behind the driver. Thoy will 06 found to be exceedingly comfortable positions. Seven seats have been arranged for first-class outsider. Tha remaining portion of the roof is fitted up for second and third-class passeng,ars. Th6 whole 'bus can accommodate 40 passengers. The seats on the top of the omnibus are cane-bottomed, so that sitting for any length of time an damp cushions is not, so far as these vehicles are concerned) a necessity connected with 'bus travelling. Access to tha top is by moans of spacious stairs and railing; to the inside, aa one gets into a railway carriage. In front, under tho firet- class out&ides, a goodly sized luggage compartment is provided. A stud of 3# magnificent horses has already j been purchased. Altogether, anything more complete, comfortable, and elegant than the two specimens in .question, of the conveyances which the Metropolitan Railway Company are getting up for the accommoda- tion of passenger; by their railway, could not possibly be devised. The public may well indulge in a hope that the attempt the company are making to add to the comfort and convenience of their passengers will be emulated by companies more extensively engaged in omnibB,3 traffic.
— Birthday of the Duke of Edinburgh at "W incisor. Oa Monday, the 22nd anniversary of the birth of hia Royal Highness Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Ecinbusgh, who was born on August 6, 18M, was duly celebrated in the royal borough of Windsor. At seven o'clock in the morning the bells of the Chapel Royal, of St. George, and St. John's chusches, were pealed, and at one o'clock a, royal salute was fired in the Long-walk, and repeated from Fort Belve- dere and the Royal Adelaide frigate at Virginia Water. The Bldd-o Saronetey.—It is now said that the oase involving tho baronetcy of Sir Alfred Adolphus Slade, which, was set down for haaring at the Wells Assizes, will not come on this term. The question in dispute is one or illegitimacy, and as to which of the sons of the lata Sir Frederick Slade, Q.C., should suc- ceed him in the baronetcy. The point raised is alleged to be one of law, and not of disputed facts, and it is just possible that the case may be settled without being sent to a jury. Witnesses were ready for at. tendance at the assizgs from India, Turkey, and America, and these are now being examined before a commission in London. A very extraordinary encounter, says a Paris correspondent, between a rat and an elephant has taken place at the Garden of Plants, which was wit- nessed with intense interest by hundreds of persons. The keepers were engaged in destroying a great num- ber of rats, when one of them escaped and ran to the spot allotted to the elephant. Seeing no other refuge, in the twinkling' of an eye the rat snugly ensconced himself in the trunk of the elephant, evidently very nrnch to the elephant's dissatisfaction. He stamped his foot and twisted his trunk ronnd like the sail of a windmill. After these evolutions he stood suddenly still, evidently reflecting on what was best to be done. He then ran to the basin where he is accustomed to drink, and plunged his trunk into the water. He then returned to his den, and, raising his trunk, with the water he absorbed he dashed out the unfortunate rat, which was in a volume of water like that issuing from a fire-engine. When the rat fell to the graund, the elephant seized him and made him undergo this immersion and projection four times. At the fourth throw the rat fell dead. The elephant, with a majestic air, but ccol and placid, crushed his annoying little enemy with his foot, and then went round to the spectators to make his nsuid collection of cakes, sugar, and other dainties. The feat was received with unanimous and vociferous applause, which the elephant seemed fully to understand and appreciate,
A GRAND TREAT TO THE CHILDREN OF ASTON CLINTON. A few days ago Lady de Rothschild gave a grand treat to the whole population of Aston Clinton, Halton, and Buckland, Buckinghamshire, in whose welfare she is known to take a deep interest. Her L ladyship s guests included the children of the schools at Aston Clinton and Halton, both of which she entirely supports, the children in the straw-plaiting school in the former village, and those of the Buckland school, the total number invited being 574. Each had the privilege of bringing a couple of friends, thus swell. ing the number of invitations to 1,722. There was also present a large number of her ladyship's tradesmen and others, specially invited, from Aylesbury and other places, so that the entire number could not have been less than 2,200. The weather was fine, and the condi- tion of the beautiful grounds of Aston Clinton House was quite favourable for all kinds of ctl fresco enjoy- ments. The proceedings were begun with au immense tea-party beneath an alcove of trees, a little distance from the mansion, Mrs. Grainge, tho housekeeper, presiding. This being over, the band of the 4th Bucks (Vale of Aylesbury) Rifle Vslunteers marched to the lawn in front of the mansion, where the games began in good earnest. Tha prizes amounted in aggregate value to J270. There were also singing, swinging, hurdle- racing, pole-climbing, and dancing on the green. A considerable number of boys of tho Aston Clinton school were presented with new suits of clothing and the girls were all attired in frocks of pink, through the liberality :of the same estimable lady, and thus pre- sented a pretty and unique appearance. The" ladies of the house "entered with much spirit into some of the games with the young people, all of whom were delighted. Sir Anthony and Lady de Rothschild were unavoidably absent, pressing business having called them to town that morning; and Mr. N. M. de Rothschild, M.P. for Aylesbury, was also prevented from being In present. Everything went, however, merry enough, and the whole of the amusements were kept up till dusk, when the guests dispersed to their homes.
POISONED PICKLES AND THE. CHOLERA. A respeotably-dresaed man attended before the sitting magistrate at Olerkenwell on Saturday to lay before him a statement of facts in connection with mixed pickles and the cholera, which are of interest to the public. He stated, that a day or so since his servant fetched from- a shop in, his. neighbourhood some mixed pickles, the tradesman stating when he supplied them to her that they were very fine and fresh, he having opened a fresh jar to serve them. When be (the speaker) saw the picsles he did not like the look of them, and refused to partake of any. His wife and servant, however, ate them, and shortly after were attacked with choleraic diarrhws, their mouths becoming very sore. A surgeon was sent for, and when he arrived he at once asked if the parties had been eating mixed pickles. He was answered in the- affirmative, and he then said that hia patients' mouths were poisoned, and that that was about the ninth or tenth case of the kind he had attended under similar circumstances. From what he (the speaker) had gathered it appeased that when the ordinary pickles were bad, and often they were putrid, they were placed in a tub, mixed with turmeric and mustard, and were then sold as piccalilly. To ascertain if that kind of pickle was better at one shop than another, he had purchased samples from no lass than twelve different shops, and in each instance he had found that the pickle was putrid. His object in attending before the Court was to obtain the assistance of the press in making these facts known, as from what the surgeon had informed him them's could be bat very little doubt that the eating of such;, messes as were sold for sound pickles- was the cause of much of the diarrhcea and the cholera that was now prevailing in the metropolis. He had communioated with the sanitary authorities of the parish in which he resided, and they had promised to see to the matter.—The magistrate said he had no doubt but that the press would notice the matter, and the visitor then left the court.
TEN PER CENT. There has never been from the first any doubt what' ever, amod v aay clas?s, of the practical convertibility of the Bank of England notes, and since the first paroxysm of terror on the celebrated OVBTGUCI Friday there has scarcely, been any run, in the old-fashionodaaceptation of the word, upon any bank either in or out of London; But instead of a crush at the Bank doors of an igno- rant and unreasoning multitude, there has been on'the part of-men of business of all grades and descriptions, a deep-rooted and deliberate suspicion of each other's solvency, which in many cases, would be comical were it not so serious in its oonsequeaoea. All now business is refused, and the only or" the chief anxiety amongst City men appears to be to liquidate their existing businesses so as to be enabled to hoard money. The sudden and entire collapse of credit appears- to have developed throughout the country a genuine miserly instinct, which we suppose is always late-nt in human nature. Now it is perfectly true that the Bank Act was not in any way the cause of this collapse ef credit, but no impartial observer of the course of events during the last thsae montha can doubt that. the Bank Aot has very grievously aggra- vated' the state of discredit which a previously pro- tracted coiaree of reckless speculation has brought not only upon individuals, but also upon the nation at large. It is the mainteaansse of a rate of 10 per cent. aa the lowest rate at which the directors of the Bank of England think it safe to accommodate even their best customers with any credit, which produces so disastrous an effect on Etejilish credit on the Conti- nenb. Foreigners say, "'The Bank diseotors must know best the &tato of sclvency of the commercial com- munity. aud if their deliberate estimate of the finan- cial responsibility of: their countrymen is so low, it is not safe for 118 to have anything to do with such an insolvent set of damgerous speculators." Never- theless, it is notorious that the real value of money at present is much below, or, in other words, the general estimate of solvency is much above what the Bank directors are pleased to put it at. The directors de. fend tnemselvea by pointing to their reserve. We are willing to grant them the full weight of this argument; but we say that if, as prudent bankers, they Seal themselves forced to adopt a lbe of action which not convoy a to toreigiiera an utterly false notion of the state of trade, but is really [destroying Eng- lish credit abroad, then they are placed in a most unfortunate and invidious position, and there is a flaw ia the system,, and a very great one. The severity of the ordeal through which tha trade of the country has passed and is passing, on the whole successfully} proves the Eoundness of the principles on which the traders conduct their baainess; and the fact that foreigners are indnoed by the action of the Bank of England to look upon the whole country as more or less in. solvent is a proof, and we confess we think a con. vincing oae., that a radical change of system is ne- cessary, not only in the Bank itself, but also in the currency of the country. In 8appor of this opinion we appeal to tha authority of Mr- Gladstone himself, who called the attention of the House on Tuesday to the fact that just at the moment when we required the largest amount of currency, the country bank cir- culation was diminished, by no less than a million sterling, which was practically Withdrawn from the reserve of the Bank of England, and until the confi- denoe of country bankers and their customers is entirely restored, this million will not be replaced in the Bankreserve. But confluence will not be restored until the danger signal of 10 P9r cont. is lowered, and therefore the to get back this million and increase the reserve, is to iowei the rata; and yet we hear Mr. Hubbard declaring on the part of the Bank that until the reserve w increased to J27,500,000 the danger signal shall aot be lowered. But when the action of fW3 fi^e when we °Kg a reactloa thQ Public, rm y eSPeGfc to see e7ents retBrn to T^vir vGBB "ally as distant and inde- Mr- Hubbard's argument appears n a rediictio ad absurdv.m as anything wo PaS nrlif01" n™- Hi* comparison of°the alcsn mriD f0i' its limitation of issue, to a bridge „ v • ^ra Qa to be its condemnation. He says, if hom. » ?s.1)6611 carefully constructed and tested to hotrr. i cci'tain weight it ought not to be overloaded t>i K vi weight. In other words, that, instead of 0 ™° bsiug made to suit the traffic passing over the traffic must be cut down to suit the bridge! It is fortunately many years since any economist has ventured to confess-in the House of Commons at least -to so illiberal a doctrine.Pall-mall Gazette.
A grant of money has been made by the Treasury to the Department of Health, for the purpose of can- duoting a special series of experiments and researches in connection with the present outbreak of cholera. Mr. Simon will conduct the inquiry,
_r,_ FACTS AND FAEETIiE. If juaip at occlusions, you may take a leap in the dafk With what lasfl have sailors moat to do?-The wind-lass. What bar is that whieh often opens and never shuts P—A crowbar. Why is a retired oculist like an Inland Revenue official ?-Bemuse he is an ex-eyesman. When is a blow, from a lady welcome ?—When she strikes you agreeably. The Largest Room ia the World. The "room for provement." Why do the birds feel depressed early in a sammef morning ?—Because their little bills are all over dew. A literary man on retiring into private life said that his connection with the press had thawed and resolved itself in adieu! After quoting from John Locke, that a blind msll took his idea of scarlet from the sound of a trumpet, s witty fellow says that a hoop-skirt hanging out of a" shop door reminds him of the peel of a belle. An unwashed newsboy being asked wha1; made hilu so dirty, replied, I was made, as they tell me, of the dust of the ground, and I reckon it is just working out." What fish may be said to be in their proper places ?—A peroh in a bird's cage; a skate in a ontler'& shop; a plaice on the top of an omnibus; a sole at the bottom of your foot; whiting cleaning plate; and mussel in a lady's neck. A little fellow of five years fell and cut his uppet lip, and not only bore the operation of sewing up tk? wound with fortitude, but allayed the feara of his mamma, that a disfiguring scar would remain, ,1 assuring her that his moustache would cover it." Master," said the clown of a circus, what if the difference between occupation and business ?' Difference? there is none." Oh, yes there is. I'll give you an instance: Maximilian's taking posseSj sion of Mexico is an occupation, isn't it ? Yes. Well, ha hasn't any business there, has he P A clergyman being deposed from his ministry for holding certain heretical opinions,, said, It should cos a hundred men their lives." This alarming spoooll being reported, he was taken before a magistrate old examined, when he explained himself by saying hiS mea,ning was that he intended to practise physio.' A Hint to the Ladies.—There is a new bonnet on the horizon. It is made of one large full-bloo rose, which lies gat; on the top of the head, sown on IL scarf of dew-bedropped tulle, which is crossed ander the ohin, where another small rose peeps forth. The whole is called chapeau puff." In less than three weeks it will be in struggling rivalry with the, w Lau" balle." On the occasion of Mr. Baron Alderson and 1\ft. Justice Paterson holding the assizes at Cambridge, Mr. Gansmwaa- appointed to preach the assize when next morning the following lines were sent to judges A baron, a justice, a preacher sona three— The preacher a son of a Gun was he; The baron he is the son of a tree Whose son the justice is, I cannot well see- But read him Pater-son, and all will agree That the son of his father the justice may be.' The Yankee traveller who saw the livo Hoosier b again written to his mother, telling her his expert0 as follows■" Western people are death on etiqlltte, You can't tell a man here that ha lies without fight)^' A few days ago a man waa telling two of his ne'??' bours, in my hearing, a pretty large story. Say0 Stranger, that's a whopper.' Says he, Lay i stranger.' And in the twinkling of an- eye "l fonBfl myself in the ditch, a perfect quadruped. hTp°. another occasion says I to a man I never saw bef°r as a woman passed, 'That isn't a specimen of Western women, is it ?' Says he, You are afraid 0 fever and ague, ain't you?' 'Very much,'says Well, replied he, that lady ia my wifa, and if J,0, don't apologise in two minutes, by tha honour oi gentleman I swear that these two pistols,' which P, held oocked in his hands, shall cure 3011 of that order entirely.' So I knelt down and politely aP?flfc gised. I admire this Western country much; g darn me if I can stand so much etiquette, it als^ takes me unawares.' How they Do in Maine.—Somebody, evident' an old bachelor used to such things, thus describe^ how they do in Maine:—" Quaker young ladies in K. Maine Law State, it is said, still continue to kiss lipa of the young temperance men, to see if they been tampering with liquor. Just imagine-a beautify young temperance woman, with all the dignity of 1111 executive officer, and tha innocence of a dove with the caarge, Mr. the ladies believe yon. are in tbe habit of tampering with liquor, and" they have pointed me to examine you according to our esa.b. lished rules; are you willing ?' You nod acquieS- cance. She gently steps closer to you, lays her wbl £ arm around your neck, dashes back her raven cXlT raises her sylph-like form upon tip-toe, her sB0f> heaving bosom against- your own, and with angelic features lit up with a smile as sweet as heaven, j places her rich, rosy, pouty, sugar, molasses, lily, bud, cream-tar r, apple-pie, peach-pudding, dumpling, gingerbread, nectar lips against yours, (0 Jerusalem, hold us I) kisses you. Hurrah for tJ1. gals and the Maine Law, and death to all o$V° tion!" The following amusing article, on anagriog has just appeared in the Galaxy—The wits and WIse- acres of the olden times looked into the names of met and places for satires and for omens. Several astroll mars have used anagrams to secure the credit of disc°' veries which they did not wish to reveal. Louis Xl™ retained in his service an anagra-mmatist Thomas Billon, with a pension of twelve hucdre0 livres. Calvin calls himself by tha name of Alcumns, in the title of his Institutes printed at Strasburg. Alcuinus was the great restorer.0*; learning in the time of Charlemagne, and substitutes u for v (the letters In those days being equivalent) the name is an anagram from Calvinus. It was almost a prophecy of fate when it was found that name of Louis de JBouehet could be transposed to I? • ro,1 the mouth-piece cf the king) j that of Francis de Veloys to, "decern snis royal" C°f regal strain) and John Charles Stuart, the ot Jamea I., to "claims Arthur's seat." The fasciaa*- ting Mane Touchet procured a liberal peaSl0^ J.1* »/friter wii0 deduced from her name. Je tout (I charm all). Queen Elizabeth once an aiasnymous letter containing the following allk gram: "Elizabeth, Regina A-nglorur "Glori; regJJJ salvi manebit." (The glory of the kingdom shall rØ"- main intact.) Dr. Burney found the happy !i Honor est a Nilo" (his honour is from the Nile)' "Horatio Nelson." "Napoleon Bonaparte'' transposed to read—"Bonarapta, Leno, pone"' (raeca' vyield up your stolen possessions). "Arthur Dnka of Wellington," came from the crucible, "Let the well-foiled Gaul secure thy reúown from "Louis Napoleon Bonaparte" has been draW*? the warning, An open plot! Arouse Albion I" all Florence Nightingale furnishes the pretty word Flit on, cheering angel!" On of the oldest st- ablest of the New York editors, Rev. Joshua Leaviw D.D., finds in his name the good Christian sentiMEll I I have a just lot." A number of ingenious Lat I < anagrams have been made from the. United StateS. Inte Deus stat—God stands in thee, hide tute stas Hence thou etandest safely. Desiste nutat—HaC^f '-v off! It shakes! (Tha Union. Appropriate in 186^ Denlatus ste-He has teeth (i.e., Uncle Sam has): Siste nudat te—Stop He strips thee! Etistadesuif —Those things are also wanting (The Indian bonds," A te tlesisunt-They keep off from thee nations). The anagrammatic answer to the quea. tion, "la pity lover" is "positively." other permutations are given thus — Astronomers "moon starers," searching whether there are 44,10 more stars;" Lawyers-" sly ware:" Telegraphs- great helpsPunishment-" ini.r,6 thumps; 11 Old England—" golden land;" Matrimony—" try ami," or "into my arm;" Paradise Lost—"reag Sfl» toils;" Paradise Regained-" dead respite again;' French Revolution—" violence ran forthRevolution to love ruin;" Penltentiary-11 nay, I repent it;' Parishioners— I hire parsons;" Presbyterian—" best in prayer; Impatient—"Tim, in a pet;" Midship; man— mind his map;" Melodrama—"made moral; Surgeon go, nurse;" Catalogue—"got a c!ue»' There is a word which, by changing the position of 9 single letter, becomea its own opposite t United; untied. It is stated that a man once sent to a gir I whom he loved, named Magdalen, three dozen I grams on her name, as a token of affection. A iady grams on her name, as a token of affection. A iady nowadays would prefer almost any sort of trash, evett a pcem on her eyebrows, to a gift of anagrams, ■■ i