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IMPEBIAL PARLIAMENT.

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IMPEBIAL PARLIAMENT. --+- 'In the House of Commons, on Wednesday, Sir G. Mont- gomery took the oaths and tig seat on his re-election for Peeblesshire. The Public Libraries Act Amendment Bill was taken in committee, and passed through that stage. On the second reading of the Landlord and Tenant (Ire- and) Bill, Mr. Gregory stated that it was not intended to proceed With it, but observed that its object, which was to establish a system of long leases and to do away with tenancy at will, should be considered in the recess. I Mr. C. Fortescue, on the motion for the resumption of the adjourned debate on the Tenure and Improvement of iand (Ireland) Bill, stated that as the present Government had of course declined to take it up, it had been determined to withdraw it, though he believed that sooner or later its principles would be adopted by the legislature. Lord Naas having declined to adopt the principle of the bill on any future occasion, Mr. Gladstone urged that it was founded on a principle of compensation and tenant-right which was established in England both by lew and custom. After a retrospective discussion of some length the bill was withdrawn. The Inland Revenue Bill was read a third time and passed; as were the Colonial Branch Mints Bill, and the Tramways (Ireland) Acts Amendment Bill. The other orders were gone through, and the House ad- journed shortly before six o'clock. In the House of Lords, On Thursday, in answer to the Earl of Shaftesbury, The Earl of Derby stated the circumstances of the recent proceedings between Mr. Walpole and the Reform League, which were also given by the right hon. gentleman himself in the House of Commons. The British Columbia Bill and several others were read a second time; while a number of other bills were advanced a stage. XJie House adjouraed at a quarter to seven o'clock. In the House of Commons, at a moaning sitting, on going into committee of supply, Mr. Seeley called attention to the general administration and accounts of her Majesty's dockyards, and moved that the course pursued in paving the roadways, workshops, and other places in the dockyards with iron ballast was inex- pedient; that anchors are provided for the use of her Majesty's navy without a due regard to economy; and that the manner in which the affairs Of the dockyards have been managed in these and other respects ren- ders it desirable that the superintendents should be possessed of a practical knowledge of the business carried on therein, and that rt is also desirable that their term of offiee should not be limited to a period of five years. The hon. member went'through, in a most minute and searching manner, a series of details, showing that the Admiralty accounts were most unreliable, and gave no true information with regard to expenditure; but if they proved anything, it was that our ships of war were built and repaired at an ex- cessive cost. Sir J. Pakington stated that his recent accession to office prevented his being capable of giving satisfactory explana- tions on the points of detail raised and he expressed a hope that Mr. Chilaers, who was doubtless fully informed, would do so; but he admitted that if some of the statements were correct, it was plain that there was something wrong, and the subject demanded attention, especially the cost of re- pairs. After a discussion, the motions wsewithdrawn, an-d the Sitting was suspended. At the evening sitting, Mr. Osborne said, in reference to 8: meeting which was advertised to take place in Hyde-park on Monday, he wished to ask Mr. Walpole what were his relations with the Reform League, and what steps he had taken to<preserve the public peeea. Air. Walpole said those relations were simply those be- tween a Secretary of State and a deputation. In Tegard to whether any meeting was to take place, he could show that a most extraordinary misconception had occurred. On a recent occasion he stated to the, deputation that as the main, if not the only, cause of the disturbances in the park was an alleged right of the public to meet there, her Majesty s Government would give every facility to determine Une?';lon> ajj<! nothing would be done to interfere with the decision of that question. It was then stated that if demonstrations of force ceased no further disturbances ?° .<i P1ia"°e; and he replied that if the people were in- duced to retire the police would be withdrawn. An under- taking was given that all that could be done would be done to bring about a cessation of the rioting. Afterwards two or Jhree of the deputation returned and asked it her Majesty's Government would allow a meeting on the subject of Reform to take place in Hyde-park on Monday evening. To this he responded that such an application must be made in writing, and a reply returned in writing. Placards were issued asserting that by leave of her Blajesty's Government the meeting would take place. This was a most extra- "ramary perversion of the fact, for the formal letter Of application by Mr. i'eales only reached him at six o'clock on Wednesday, and the placards must ha.ve been prepared before that hour. His answer 3n writing had not nor could not have been given at the time that the placards were issued. A member of the League, lir. Holyoake, went to the Home-offioe that afternoon, and in the strongest terms repudiated Mr. Beales' proclamation; that he perfectly understsed the prohibition in regard to the meeting, and that it had been Met down that an appli- cation on UJIC subject must be in writing. He (Mr. Walpole) written-a reply to Mr. Beales' letter, distinctly refusing permission of any assemblage in Hyde-park; though every lacnity would be given for a meeting at l?rimrose-hi!?. Her MaJesty B Government coii-ld not but believe that there must be a disposition on the part of the public to aid the executive in preserving peace and order. Mr. S. Mill said tfcat he had just had an interview with JM.r. ijeales and some of the League, who stated that as far as concerned they regretted that a miswnderstaad- Th f k which did not originate with Mr. Walpole. so, the same motives which influenced them in vent tvi bloodshed on the previous evening would pre- and t from taking advantage of the misunderstanding, peace 'would be done further to endanger the public 9? going into ■committee of supply, A M,aJOrJervis moved for a commission to inquire into the km- i°a the railways of this country as regards their ability to fulfil their engagements to the public, having due regard to the interests of all parties concerned. The motion having been considered by several members, Was withdrawn. In committee of supply. The Chancellor of the EzBheqKcr moved a supplementary estimate of £ 4;870, for a supply of gun metal for tila Prince Consort Memerial; and stated that it was only a carrying out of an undertaking made by the late Lord Palmerstoa, Which was agreed to. Mr. Lowe moved the balance of the which showed an increase over tha,t of last He stated that many valuable additions had been made to the collection by, purchase and donation; <but the evil of Want of space not only was not abated, but greatly increased. The vote was then agreed to, as were also a number of Other votes. The other business was gone through, aad,the House adjourned ahorfciy after two o'clock. Lords, on Friday, the E&*? of Shaftes- bury, J?ee to the right of the working classes aeetm puWiL places ia the metropolis, said that he enter-; tamed the design of moving an address to the Crown, praying that ^pecial areas should he sat apart in the metro- polis where public rneetaags,might be held. rh.e Earl ot JJfcroy saia lt^vas too late this session to move address^ but t;b@ project one which met his entire Approval;, and in the event of the legal question of the exclusive right of the Crown to thepar-it,s being desided in favour of the Crown, the object should meet with hia im- mediate attention. A long list of bills were advanced a stage, and The House adjourned at mmuues past^even o'clock." In the House of Commons, at a morning sitting, en the deport of suptV/, the Air. Monk, on the item for the purchase of gun-metal for the memorial to the late Prince Consort, said that after the statement of the Government on the -previous night it was not possible to do otherwise than to the vote u but if he had heard the statement of .M-r- Gladstone ;before the vote was taken he should have-divided the House against The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that the metal ha<j been promised by Lord Palmer«tons and he aanerea to his Undertaking although the meaibers of his cabinet dissented from the giant. Hethoughtit would be somewhat captious if, after contracts had been entered into on the i&icn or that promise, it rescinded at the close of the report or i*i.r, W. Hunt expressed his acknowledgments of the valua- 'Bttpbly. the valum- ble assistance he had received from Mr. Childers in reier- ence to the passing of the estimates and the Treasury W1" nees in general Mr. Childers, in accepting the compliment, said that he had only done that which it was his duty to his successor to do. The Enclosure (No. 2) Bill was read a third time and Passed, as was the Parishes (Scotland) Act (1844) .Amend., saent Bill. In answer to Mr. Oliphant, Lord Stanley said that a prolongation of the armistice between Austria and Prussia bad taken place, bat he had no information with regard to the preliminaries. On the motion for adjournment to Monday next,' lir. D. Griffith called attention to objections to the pre- sent system of voting in public companies, by which share- holders whose occupation, convenience, or sex prevent them from attending public meetings or polls have no means of voting except by proxy, before they are aware of what is likely to happen at the meeting of the company. Sir S. Northcote promised attention to the subject. The O'Conor Don called attention to the treatment of emigrants onboard the steamers plying between.Liverpool' and New York, and to the great prevalence of cholera during the last three months on board many of those vessels. Mr. Adderley said that no blame attached to the Emigra- tion Commissioners; but some cases of cholera had broken out on board some vessels which had touched at Rotterdam. Care had been taken, to prevent Dutch emigrants from being taken as passengers. After discussion, the motion for adjournmsnt was agreed to. On going into committee en. Railways (Ireland) Tempo Tarv Advances Bill, Jslr. Henley cypress*?^ » hove that fell explanation wmdfi 'be given by the Government as to the position in which the House stood in this very exceptional matter of advancing C,500,000, but to whom was not stated the professed object was to prevent wide-spread distress and embarrassment in Ireland, and the provision did not seem proportionate to such a purpose. But the circumstances of such an advance ought to be very special, and care should be taken that no precedent should be created. Mr. Childers said that advances had ere now been made to Irish railways, the policy of such advances having been adopted in that country; but it was under a very exceptional state of things arising out of the present monetary crisis that the late Government agreed to advance X500,000, not so much for purposes of construction as to enable Irish rail- way companies to pay off debentures, which they could not do in any other way. Mr. O. Gore supported the proposition, and urged further dealing in this direction with Irish railways. Mr. Gladstone admitted that proposals of this kind should be carefully considered. The proposition was made by the late Government three months ago, and its carrying out was only interrupted by the pressure in the money market. Every precaution had been taken to render it certain that the security on which advances were made should be undeniable. Mr. Grant urged that the proposal in question was one likely to be drawn into a precedent, and its principle must be extended to English railways. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said the main reason which led the Government to adopt this proposition was that it was probable that the rolling stock of the Irish rail- ways would be seized, and the traffic of the country para- lysed. Besides, the persons by whom loans had been ex- pected by the arrangement of the late Government had a fair claim to be considered. The bill was taken in committee, and passed through that stage; as was the Landed Estates Courts (Ireland) Bill, which regulated and increased the salaries of the two judges of the court, to which the number was now diminished. Next, progress was resumed in committee with the Public Health Bill, beginning at clause 11. Clauses to 22 in- clusive were agreed to with amendments, and progress was reported. The Appropriation Bill was brought in and read a first time. It was announced by Mr. Hunt, and confirmed by Mr. Childers, that the first message had been received through the completed Atlantic cable. The House adjourned at 20 minutes to two o'clock. In the ITouse of Lords, on Monday, Lord Redesdale, on the part of the Archbishop of Canterbury, moved to dis- charge the order for the third reading of the Consecration of Churchyards (No, 2) Bill. Lord Stanley of Alderley opposed the withdrawal. On a division the withdrawal was agreed to by 28 to 19. The Thames Navigation, and several other bilis, were read a second time. The Few Forest Poor Relief Bill, the Rochdale Vicarage, the Inland Revenue, and other bills passed through com- mittee. The British Columbia Bill, the Militia Pay Bill, the Public Works Loans (freland) Bill, the Foreign Jurisdic- tion Act Amendment Bill, and ethers, were read a third time and passed. The House adjourned at half-past six o'clock. In the House of Commons, in answer to K-, r. O'Beirne, Lord Naas, in reference to the appointment of Mr. Napier to the Lord Justiceship ofAppealm Ireland, read a letter from that right hon; gentleman to Lord Derby, st-ating that owing to the impression on the public mind- raistakexi though it was-tbe. his defeat of hearing was an obstacle to his performing the duties of a judge, he felt it right to withdraw from the office to which he had been ap- pointed. In answer to Mr. Itlaguire, Lord Naas said he had notveceived a similar letter from Lord Chancellor Blackburne. On going into committee en the Fortifications (Provision for E-,penses) Bill, Mr. Osborne objected to its passing without discussion, and proceeded to contend that the whole plan to which the House originally consented had been altered; and whereas the original estimate was eleven Bullions, the expenditure' would be nearly thirty. He urged that there was yet time to pause in this reckless expenditure. General Peel was unable to give an exact account of the state of the fortifications at present. 'She estimate was for a new work at Tilbury, for the defence of the mouth of the; Thames, and this he deemed it necessary to submit to the House. Mr. Gladstone said that the original estimate for fortifica- i tions was not ele-ven, but five millions, although it grew to between six and seven. 'He did not think that a proposal I for new fortifications ought to be made at this, poeod of the j session, and in the form in which it was-made. He objected; to this sum being raised by loan, instead of being taken out of the revenue. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said if the House seriously objected to proceeding with the vote at this time, lie would not press it. After some farther discussion tke hill was withdrawn. he would not press it. After some farther discussion tke hill was withdrawn. The Public Health Bill was then 'tsfcen in co&amd&tee, and. passed through that stage. The Reformatory Schools Bill was taken in committee, ) and passed through that stage after fall discussion, as was .'1 The Industrial Schools Bills. The other buemeaB was disposed of, and ad- joarned. In the House of Lords, on Tuesday, Lord Lyre den in- quired whether it was tta intention of the Government to introduce during the present sess, n a-ay measure relating to the Confederation of the North American colonies. | Lord Carnarvon said the Canadian representatives were J shortly expected, and her Majesty's Government was most anxious to facilitate any arrangement that should be in 1 accordance with the wishes of the colonies and consistent I with the interests Of the country. :j The Local Gov-ernment Supplemental (Nos. I and 2) Bills J were read a second time, as were also the Railway Cam- j panics' Securities Bill and the Land Srainage Supplemental J (No. 2) Bill. I Other Bills were also advanced in their various stages, and their lordships then<&c|jsurned. i { At a wo-rn jug sitting in the'House of Commons, Mr. Yvatkin, pursuant to the .arrangement made last week, brought on his motion for tha appointment of a Soyal Commissien to-inquire into ;the causes of the late pre. in the money-market, and the Currency Laws generally. After ep-terinig at length. into the features of the late crisis, and the rate of discount connected therewith, he concludes by showing that the Act of 1814 had neither prevented panics nor fluctuations in the rate of interest, urged that an inquiry was necessary to ascertain whether the figures in the Act of 1S14 were still in proportion with the trade and manufactares of the country, and declared that if it were refused the commercial daises would believe that the House and the Government were indifferent to their difSculties. Mr. Akroyd seconded tle motion. Sir S. Northcotc said the Government .responded to the natural desire of the mercantile community for an investi- gation into the causes of the commercial distress and the long prevalence of a high rate of discount, but they did not allow that a Commission was the best mode of inquiry. It would, however, be wiser to wait until the result of the in- quiry which had been instituted by the French Government was known. The Government had no desire to adhere tenaciously to every detail of the Act of 1844, but at the same time they were anxious not to do anything to lead to the impressien that they believed the Act of 1844 (to be a main cause of the monetary pressure, or that it was to any material. alteration of its provisions or abandonment of its principle that we were to look for a cure. They be- lieved that on the whole its principles were sound, though improvements might bepossible in the machinery to prevent a recurrence of some of the evils with which its working was attended. Daring the recess he: engaged that the Government would give their serious..attention to the working of the details of the Act, and if they found it nossibla on inquiry they would gladly introduce a remedial measure, but if they were not. able to propose beneficial legislation they would not object to a committee being appointed at thecomlDenceet of the session. Un- doubtedly one result of the crisis had been a rn; apon England," but that was not due to the operation of the Act of 18J;4, nor did the Government believe that it could be prevented by any tampering with the currency laws. After some observattOJillrfrom Mr. Fawcett, Mr- Hubbard defend.edin detail the administration of the Bank directors, explained the objects of the Act of 1844, and assarted that but for it the recent crisis would have been aggravated by the additional calamity of a of cash payments. No system of currency, he maintained, could avert these panics, and the chief duty of a Govern- ment was to maintain the convertibility of the note, which the Act had done. The directors would gladly welcome any inquiry. Mr. Gladstone approved the determination of the Govern. ment not to grant a commission, aad also their intimation that next Session they would either propose to legislate or would grant a,committee. He eulogised the operation of the Act of 1844 as having solved many important problems, among others how to stop foreign drains, and also as having established the principle that the whole business of issue be- longed to the State. After some remarks from Mr. Henley, the debate was ad- joumeo^until Friday on the motion of,$tr. J. B. Smith. At the evening sitting. Mr. Buxton called afiention to the paragraph in the re- port of Commission which states that the pumshmen^ d in Jamaica were in many cases exces- sive and mdiscnminate, and moved several resolutions, the effect oi whi ^^ained, was to condemn what was done were suppressed, and to award compensation to those whose relations had been killed or property destroyed. Aifcei speahng. on the subject at con- sider ablelea| £ h>^he con. with a vigorous appeal to both sides of the House to vindicate the honour and credit of the ° Mr. Adderley criticised with: some severity the language of Mr. Buxton's resolutions, pointing out various incon- sistencies m them, and that while some were inadmissible, particularly those relating to compensation and remission of punishment, the others were unnecessary and unwise. He argued that, as the question had been fully discussed and pronounced upon by a lioy^l Commission, it was un- necessary to reopen the case, and concluded by moving the previous question.. Mr. Mill said that a criminal court alone was capable of inflicting adequate punishment in these cases. If any official could take away the life, of one of the Queen's sub- jects improperly without being brought to trial, we might as well give up altogether the principle of being governed S byJjaw, and tbeiigh it slight be said that; rl this case the officials thought those whom they put to death were deserving of it, the same excuse might be urged for the authors of the St. Bartholomew and the September mas- sacres. Mr. W. E. Forster, though declining to support Mr. Mill in prosecuting Governor Eyre, agreed with Mr. Buxton that the House of Commons ought to censure him for the exces- sive punishments—" legal massacres," as he described them —the whole responsibility of which, he showed, rested on him alone. He suggested that the Colonial-office should look into the whole system of martial law in the colonies, and place it on the same footing as in England. After some observatiorop, from Mr. B. Cochrane, The Attorney-General deprecated any judgment of the House as to the legality of matters on which judicial pro- ceedings might yet be taken. Mr. Cardwell explained the reasons which induced the late Government not to deal with Mr. Eyre by a criminal prosecution, but simply to dismiss him, and reminded the House that instructions had been issued to institute in- quiries into the conduct of all the subordinate officials who might be suspected of not having acted with perfect bona fides. Mr. Hughes, Sir R. Palmer, and Mr. R. Gurney having spoken, After some discussion as to the exact sense in which it was to be understood, the first resolution was agreed to, and the three others were withdrawn. The Bill for further suspending the Habeas Corpus Act in Ireland was brought in and read a first time. The remaining business was disposed of, and the House adjourned at 25 minutes to two o'clock.

REFORM DEMONSTRATIONS.