AGRICULTURE. -+- Congestion of the Lungs in Horses. The difference between congestion and inflammation is not popularly recognised, although the two diseases are quite distinct, and really require opposite methods of treatment. In congestion the blood is stagnated, and conse- quently the circulation in the part is stopped, the natural result of this will be the arrestation of the functions of the tissues so affected, and their ultimate death, unless the disease can be removed and the circulation restored. If a string be tied tightly round the finger, the part above the ligature soon becomes dark in colour, and if not released would die, and finally undergo decsmposition, and drop off, supposing that the ligature were so effectually applied as to arreat the circulation completely, In a greater or less degree this state of parts represents congestion, no matter from what cause it may arise. A certain amount of blood is collected in a part of the organism, some obstruction exists to its free passage, and if the obstruction is not removed, a loss of vitality is the consequence. Congestion of the lung, of a horse, for example, then, means an excess of blood in those organs, a quantity disproportiûuad to the extent of accommodation, and the necessary loss of power of circulation, which is the consequence of overcrowding, whether in regard to fluids or aoiids. The existence in the lungs, or in portions of them, oi anch a condition of the vessels, must inevitably, in the Erst place, lead to the diminution of the breathing apace, and cause a difficulty in respiration. The greater the amount of congestion the greater the dis- tress, until we reach the point at which the pressure of the exeess of blood practically obliterates the air tubes, and the animal dies from suffocation. In its most decided form, congestion of the lungs is the result of over exertion, and by this is meant not a given amount of exercise, or a gallop of any specified length, but exertion disproportionel to the animal's capabilities at the time. It is of no consequence to allege that a certain horse was only driven along the road for a few miles before being attacked. If, from his condition at the time, tha drive of a few miles was equivalent to a severe gallop for a horse in good train- ing, the intensity of the action of the cause would be the same, and the consequences not less marked. Exposure to cold after exertion is a fruitful cause of congestion, and for this reason horses are commonly attacked in the night after being brought in from work, and particularly if their legs or other parts have been washed with cold water and not properly dried; or if, in order to prevent a recurrence of sweating, they bave been groomed outside the stable door on a cool evening. Cold, as a cause of congestion, may be presumed to act by generally depressing the nervous functions, lessening the activity of the circulation over the whole of the surface of the body, and thus throwing a large mass of blood into .the internal parts. Symptoms of congestion of the langs will vary according to the extent of the disease, but in every case there will be quickened breathing, amounting in aome instances to rapid panting; the nostrils are dis. tended, the animal distressed, and evidently suffering from the alarm which a feeling of suffocation occasions A shivering fit often ushers in the disease, and some- times continues until the congestion is relieved or the animal dies; the surface of the body is cold, and the pulse small in its beat, although the artery under the jaw is distended and hard. When congestion occurs during violent exertion, considerable hemorrhage sometimes takes place from the nostrils, the con- sequence of the rupture of some pulmonary vessels; has unless the bleeding continues to a serious extent it appears to be beneficial, as thosa cases often recover much more rapidly than others which are less alarming in appearance. The symptoms altogether are sufficiently indicative of disease of the lungs, but there is little or nothing in those symptoms to enable the non-scientific observer to decide whether the horse is suffering from con- gestion or inflammation, and there can be no doubt that the two diseases are commonly confounded under one title and treated upon, precisely the same principles. Treatment of congestion of the lungs must be prompt to be effectual. A dose of carbonate of ammonia, one, or in extreme cases two, drachms in a full pint of cold water, should be given at once, and repeated in an hour if there is no improvement apparent. A strong mustard poultice should ba at cnoa applied to each side, and the surface of the body sufficiently covered witli olsthing; the legs should be well hand-rubbed and bandaged, and an enema of warm water may be administered. In the course of afewhoura considerable improvement may fee expected to take place; at the endof three or four hours the carbonate of ammonia may be repeated if necessary, and more mustard applied; but generally these cases of congestion are rapidly relieved by this active treatment, or the animal is soon reduced to a hopeless state, unlesB, as it sometimes happens, the disease becomes complicated with inflammation. After congestion is fairly removed, very little treat- Bisnfc will benecessary,beyond a few days' rest with soft diet. Occasionally an annoying cough is left for a week or two, but this ia a trifling matter compared with the conaequercos which result from an acute attack of inflammation, from which an animal very rarely reo T7" 7 7 covers completely.—The Field. THE fine weather of last week has wonderfully 1m- Btoved the cereal crops in England. A correspondent of an Oxford paner says :—In this neighbourhood we have a thin crop of wheat and weak in the straw. The weather was very favourable during the time the wheat was in bloom, and tha present fine weather is improving the crop daily, and likely to produce a fine quality. Barley and oata are promising for an aver- age crop. Bernis and peas very promising at the pre- sent time. Potatoes are looking well. IN Nottingham the hop plant is progressing favour- ably. In the neighbourhood of Ollerton the plant is looking remarkably well, the bine is in a healthy condition, and there is comparatively little filth. At Bufford the bine is short and uneven. At Walesby also the bine is uneven, and there is a little filth among the plant.
HINTS UPON OABDsisnisrQ. KITCHEN GARDEX AND FKASIE GSOUND.—Celery: Thfl narlv crops to be earthed up as soon as the plants Svo attained^a good size. If the ground is dry, give a heaw soaking of water tna day before intending to mould them, and b3 careful tnaS the soil is nearly dry, £ at most only moderately moist, when the moulding ia to be donef Sow cabbage green curled endive lettuce, round spinach.—Winter greens to be got oat in plenty now, as peas, potatoes, and osher crops^are taken off. Collards, Brussels sprouts, and other (1""°* growing subjects that will mostly ba used Christmas, to be planted in manured ground, but those to simd'till next spring, to furnish sprouts, no to be manured, as it renders tham less able to with- stand severe frosts. Continue to plant broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Scotch kala, and everythmg else of tha kind from tha seed-beds. "FLOWEII GARDEN.—'Tall-growing bedders need a little cale now to protect them from high winds. A very effectual and expeditious method is to insertstrong stakes, and run a few lengths of stout tarred string amongst them, so as to form a support to the back and front at every row. Small forked branches will serve the same purpose where tie plants are not sufficiently regular to be supported with string. Chrysanthemums in the open ground to be topped again, and the soil between them lightly pricked over with a small fork, and some quite rotten dung worked in. It will be found that they always root near the surface, and a dressing of dung will greatly help them, and save the labour of watering, Cinerarias coming up in seed-pans to be pricked out as soon as large enough to lift, and have separate thumb-pots, with light rich compost, aDd be put in a frame to grow on. By securing a vigorous growth from the first they will be less troubled with fly, and make fine specimens. Those who have not sown seed yet must do so at once, or it will be too late. FRUIT GARDEN AND OECHAHD-HOUSE.—Plura trees in orchard-houses are in many cases covered with fly. If this ia not checked, the trees will be barren next season. Ivlake a strong infusion of tobacco, and at the same time dissolve a lit vie glue; p-x them together, and add water in a large tab, and into the mixture dip tha trees. Any that are too largo to be dipped must ba laid on their sides and well syringed. Those dipped must also be syringed the next day. GREENHOUSE AND CONSSEVATOEY. — Fuchsias must be syringed twice a-day, and have moderate shade. FiM' plants in comparatively small pots will be greatly benefited with weak liquid manure every three or four days. The stock must ba propagated now in quantity for next year's supply. The smallest cuttings make the best) plants, and there is no need to cut to a joint. A mild bottom-heat will hasten the formation of roots, but it is not needful, as if shut up in a cold frame and kept shaded and regularly sprinkled they will be well rooted in a fortnight. It is a saving of time in the end to put all cuttings singly ia pots at this time of the year, as they can be allowed to fill the first pots with roots, so as to grow strong from their first start. In preparing pots for the cut- tings, use smallest sixties or thumbs; put a mixture of turf and old dung over the crocks, and fill up with half sand and half leaf, in which the cuttings will root as quickly as in sand alone at this season, and have something to live upon while filling the pots with roots. This is the best method for amateurs who are much away from home, as the single cuttings require less care than when dibbled into sand only in shallow pans. Hard-wooded plants requiring a shift this season must have it at once, or the time will go by for them to derive full benefit from the operation. The moat im- portant matter of all is to secure good drainage, and to use the compost in as rough a state as possible con- sistent with the size and nature of the plant. When- ever the cultivator is in doubt about the best soil for any hard-wocded plant, he will be pretty safe in ueing half peat and half loam, both in a turfy and sweet condition, the more elastic the better. Pelargoniums, as they go out of bloom, to be cut down, and placed in a warm, sheltered, and rather shady place for a week, then to be put in the full sun, and kept rather dry at the root, with occasional sprinklings of the stems and leaves till they break, and then to be repotted back into small pots with sound lumpy turf to make their new roots in. STOVE-HOUSE AND FORCING-PIT.—Orchids: The general collection may be kept in perfect health now without fire-heat, by shutting up early, and sprinkling the floor of the house to cause a humid atmosphere. Do not shade over-much—generally from ten to three will be quite sufficient from this time, till shading is dispensed with altogether. Melons swelling fruit to have plenty of weak manure-water; those ripening their fruit to be kept tolerably dry, but if kept too dry will get infested with red spider, so endeavour to keep them in good health on the smallest possible suppliss, and give plenty of air. Those that have borne good crops may be out back, and get to work again with the help of linings to the beds. Keep these rather close after pruning in, and frequently sprinkle the sides of the frames and the surface of the bed, and give only moderate waterings at the root. Never allow water to fall on the main stems. If the plants cut in appear rather poor, let them break moderately, and then remove a portion of the soil from one side of the roots, and replace with fresh turfy loam. When the roots have run into the new stuff, do the same on the other side, and they will swell a second crop admirably. This ia a first-rate season for melons, and if they have not a good flavour, and their proper colour, it is the fault of the grower only. Pines are generally in fiae condition, and the produce is of first-rate quality this season. The battom-heat must be kept up, and there must be plenty of room between the plants for a free circulation of air. Maintain a moderate humidity among all advancing crops and young stock, and in giving air guard against drying winds and draughts by keeping one side close while the other is open. Where the fruit is swelling nicely, sprinkle the surface of the paths and soil frequently; bat where the fruit is changing colour, discontinue the sprinkling, and give only just enough moisture to keep the plants in health. After cutting fruit, earth up the stools, and give a brisk bottom-heat and plenty of moisture. Beds in which pines are plunged must be kept con- stantly moist, as the heat will not rise through any dry material. Vines now require air night and day from the time the grapes are gathered, unless they are in poor condition, and the wood very green. If so, shut up early, and in another eight or ten days the wood will be getting hard, and then there may be air on night and day. Grapes ripening not to be syringed, but to have a moderately moist atmosphere and plenty of air. Peaches and nectarines must be fully exposed to the atmosphere as soon as the fruit is gathered. Where the fruit is still hanging, give plenty of air, and every morning a light skiff with the syringe over the leaves. Stop the strongest shoots a few at a time, to swell the ripe buds. Wall-trees are generally loaded with superfluous wood, through the prevalence of a delusion in favour of plenty to choose from at the winter pruning. Choose now, and remove all that will not be wanted, and what is left will ripen properly.- Gardener's Magazine. J r
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. --+-- THE Snider rifle principle admits of capping beilg dene away with, and the converted Enfields will be loaded with self-igniting cartridges fired by a pin, which having struck the cartridge is, returzted by a spring to its position. ON Saturday the kennel of setters of the well-known Gordon breed, and the property of the Earl of Shrews- bury, was sold by auction at Aldridges's Horse Re- pository. There was a considerable attendance of sportsmen, and an active competition prevailed for high-class and well-broken dogs for grouse and partridge shooting. They realised prices varying from 10 to 40 guineas each. FOR a week past salmon and grilse have been as- cending the Eden in extraordinary large numbers, and the proprietors, from Rookliff to Corby, have been reaping a plentiful harvest in consequence. The run commenced a week ago, and was greatly facilited by the fresh breezes of Friday and Saturday. A SCULLERS' race in old-fashioned boats, for < £ 50 a side, was rowed on Thursday last, from Putney to Mortuke, between J. A. Caffin and Benjamin Edwards. Mr. J. Ireland was referee. Caffin had the best station, and, after some time wasted in getting off, at once commenced to lead, being three-quarters of a length in front of Edwards in a hundred yards; at the steam- boat pier the latter gained a trifle, thoagh only on sufferance, as Caffin again held a lead of three-quarters of a length at Simmon's, and took his opponent's water at the L. R. C. Boathouse, having the race in band. Caffin went on increasing his lead, and passed Hammersmith-bridge ten lengths ahead of Edwards. Opposite the Oil Mills Edwards spurted, but his efforts were of no avail, as Caffin maintained his lead up to the finish, and won by about four lengths, as he eased up towards the end of the race. The time occupied by the race was 27 min. 30 sec., and the betting about 3 to 1 on Caffin. THE extent to which pigeon flying is carried in Bel- gium is shown by the fact that frequently the railways convey to Paris and Orleans, from the various towns in Belgium, nearly 500 baskets of pigeons in one day. On the 16th of June last 250 baskets were opened at the Paris railway stations alone, and not unfrequently on Sundays not less than 30,000 pigeons are sent from Belgium to be liberated at the different stations of the Paris and Orleans Railway. A SWARM OF BEES ON A MAN'S HEAD.-As a man named John Stubbings, of Kirtling, Cambridgeshire, was lately watching a hive of bees about to swarm, the queen alighted on his head, and was immediately followed by the whole swarm. Stubbings had the presence of mind to stand perfectly still, and in a few minutes the bees completely covered one side of his head, leaving him only sufficient breathing space. As soon as they were settled, his wife swept them off into a hive. and he ascapedunhurt. A WOLF STORY,-The rike County (Illinois) De- mocrat tells the following wolf story, on the authority of a veteran hunter of that place, named Thomas Gray: A farmer living near the Adams County line found seven wolf pnps to-» log.. He. a hole at the end of the log that was open, placed a trap in it, and covered it over with dirt. Jeanng that the wolf when caught by the foot or leg, would gnaw it off and escape, he, with a companion, determined to watch during the night and slay it as soon as captured. Daring the night the father of the interesting Wly in the log would come up close to where the watchers were stationed, when the dogs they had with them would run him off a short distance, and then return. Presently the wolf would return, when they would chase him off again. This was kept up during tne night at frequent intervals. The watchers, hearing an occasional squall from the pups, visited tne trap, but found everything as they had left it. 1U yue morning, however, an examination showed the log empty, and every pup gone and the trap unsprung. While the old fellow was amusing the dogs, Madam Wolf had, by gnawing and clawing, opened a hole through the side of the log large enough to remove the little ones and carry them off, travelling fourteen miles in so doing. The dogs being put on the track soon found them over a mile distant, whence they ¡ were taken, nicely covered up with leavea by the side j, of a log." THE regatta arrangements of the Royal Victoria Club for August are as follows:—Monday, 13th, the annual general meeting at the club house; the chair will be taken at one o'clock precisely; an extra ballot from twelve to one o'clock; the annual dinner at the club house at half-past seven p.m.; tickets one guinea, to be procured at the clab; members are requested to make early application for themselves and friends, as the number is limited to SO. Tuesday, 14th, a prize, value R75, open to sohoon.ors and yawls belonging to any Royal Yacht Club. Second vessel to receive a prize value -6-25; time race, half Ackers' scale; to start at half-past ten; yawls to have a fourth of their tonnage added. A prize, value 4-75, open to cutters and yawls belonging to any Royal Yacht Club; second vessel to receive a prize value XZa- time race, half Ackers' scale; to start at eleven; yawls to have a fourth of their tonnage deducted: Wednesday, 15th, the Town Cup, a prize value F,100, will be given by the inhabitants of the town of Ryde, for all yachts belong- ing to the Royal Victoria Yacht Club; time race, half Ackers' scale; to stars at eleven; yawls to sail as cutters with a fourth of their tonnage deducted; the annual ball at the club house at nine p.m,; tickets can only be obtained from the secretary through a member tickets, gentlemen's, 12s. 6d.; ladies', 10s. 6d.
THE GREAT BATTLE BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND A. US TRIA. The Times, in a leading article, thus summarises the battle scenes as described by their able corres- pondents Sadowa. was another Waterloo in its strategy, if not in its influence upon the fate of an empire. The invading army of Bohemia stretched far and wide over a slightly undulating country, and from the centre of its line a high road led directly to the head-quarters of the enemy. Along this road Prince Frederick Charles advanced with his main army, while auxiliary forces to the right and left at- tempted to turn the Austrian flanks. Sadowa was his Hougoumont. The brunt of the battle fell upon those who attempted, on the one side, to take and on the other to keep this position. This peaceful little village on the River Biatritz was eight days since the scene of an encounter which, for mingled fierce. ness and duration, cannot be matched by any battle, since the end of the great war. On that Tuesday morning, July 3, its wooden cottages stood among orchards thick with the fruit of summer, apparently in perfect security. Before night came the cottages were mere charred wood and dying embers, the orchard trees were flayed and scarred and broken, and the Bistiita itself ran a discoloured stream, bearing its tale to those who could not see the rmsa of Sadowa. The Bistritz at Sadowa runs from about N.N.E. to S.S.W., and nearly parallel on its east side is the course of the Upper Elbe between Josephstadt and Koniggrafz. On the morning of the 3rd Prince Frederick Charles was at Milowitz,> on the right bank of the Bistritz, and little more than six miles from Sadowa. At Neubidschau, ten miles on the right, was General von Bittenfeld, with the Stib Division, and about the same d. stance on the left, stretching from Milatin, on the Bistritz, further to tke east, on its left bank, was the Crown Prince, with the army of Silesia. Between these- extreme wings lay the Praesian forces, parallel to the Bistritz, 250,000 strong, under the immediate control of the Prussian king. The Austrian force was correctly believed by the Prussians to be nearly equal to their own, and although it was known to be strongly posted along the left bank oftha Bistritz, Prince Frederick Charles determined on taking the high road which leads from Milowitz across the stream at Sadowa towards Koniggriitz, so as to fall upon its centre, orders being sent to the Crown Princa and General von Bittenfeld to attempt to turn tha enemy. Five miles brought the main army, a little after seven o'clock, to Dub, whence the road descends for a mile and a quarter to the bridge of Sadowa. It was from the crest of the hill at Dub that our correspondent with the Prussian army looked down, on that Tuesday morning, upon what was to be, before sunset, the scene of a most sanguinary conflict. At his feet was Sgdowa; on his right, a mile further down tha stream, was Dohilnitz, and, still a mile be- yond, Mokrowens, and between the two, but standing back from the stream, the schloss of Dohalicha; on his left, come two miles up the river, was the village of Benatek. All along the opposite bank were thick woods covering the eide of the valley, and on the crest, a mile and a half above Sadowa, stood the church spire of Lipa, close behind which lies Chlum, or Klum. Tho Austrian forces were posted along the left bank, under cover of the woods; and it is evident that aa long as they could keep such a position they were able to neutralise in great measure the terrible advantage of the needle-gan. The firing began about haif-past seven o'clock, but about a quarter before eight tha Prussians had brought up their field batteries and the struggle commenced. The Austrian guns seemed to appear, says our. correspon- dent, as if by magic, on every paint of their position. From every village along the course of the stream, from Ben&tek down to Mokrowens, cama flashes of fire and whizzing shells among the Prassiaa artillery, dismounting guna, killing men and horses, and splintering carriages in all directions. Shells were even thrown up the slope towards Dub, one of which bursting among a squadron of Uhlans killed four men close beside the King. For two hours the cannonade continued with terrible vigour on each side, the Austrian artillery officers not only having the better position, but also knowing their ground, but towards 10 tha Austrian batteries on the Prussian right, at Dohilnitz, Dohalieha, and Mokrowens, were forced to re ziri), a little up the hill, and it was resolved to carry the villages along the stream. Benatek, meanwhile, caught fire on the left, the Prussian 7th Division made a dash upon it, and after desperate hand-to- hand fighting in the midst of the flames secured the position. A simultaneous attack was made on Sadowa, Dohilnitz, and Mokrowens, and the slaughter on both sides was for an hour tremendous; the Prus- sians were ablo to fire more quickly, but they were obliged to firs pretty much at random, while the Aus- trian Jagera cid terrible execution on their assailants. The Prussians almost paved their way with dead and wounded, and when to help their infantry they turned their artillery on the villages, and Mokrowens and Donil. nitz both caught fire, still the Austrians did not yield. Our correspondent with the Austrian army from his station tower at Kckiiggratz saw the villages burst into flames one after another, but the unbroken lias of the Austrian forces maintaining its ground in the centre, and apparently advasaing on its left, still gave promise of victory to their arms. At length, about 11, the Prassians having secured the 'villages on the river, attempted to seize the opposite slopes, and it was then that the 27th Regiment entered the woods above Benatek, 3,000 strong, with 90 offioers, to come out of them with only 300 or 400 rank and file and two officers alive and unwounded. The Prussian artillery was brought to the far side of the Bis- tritz, and began to play upon the new position which the Austrians had taken up on the slope, but for nearly four hours they failed to produce an impression. The Austrian artillery made fatal practice,, the needle-gan did not tall, and repeated charges of infantry served to carry forwards the front a few hundred yards up the slope only to ba repelled again. The position was most critical. The Prussian right wing had been advancing at an early period of tho morning against Nechanitz, but it had since become stationary, and the observers from the Koniggrilts watch tower dis- tinctly sa.w the Saxons, who formed the Austrian left, repulsing their assailanta. Prince Frederick Charles, in command, of the centre, was—like Napoleon at Waterloo—earnestly praying that the Crown Prince, his Grouchy, might appear to turn tho enemy's right. The result of the battle waa so doubtful that the cavalry was formed to cover a re- treat should it be found necessary, and General von Rhetz was sent off to look after the Army of Silesia. At three he returned with the welcome intelligence that the Crown-Prince was pressing the Austrian right; at half-past three the columns of the Crown Prince were seen moving along the crest over Benatek against Lipa, and at the same hour it became evident to the Austrian commanders, and to the Konig- griitz observers, that the battle was lost. It was, in fact, a question whether the Army of Silesia might not out off tha Austrian forces from their base, and pre- vent the retreat to KoniggrSitz and thence to Pardu- bitz. Oiar correspondents with the Austrian army appear, indeed, to" think that the battle might yet have been saved, The Austrian eav&lry-porbaps the finest in the woÜd-had scarcely been engaged, and had a Murat been present to have led it against the advancing commas of tha Crown Prince, tiie bautie might have been won. The opportunity, if it existed, was lost; the whole army fell back along the highroad to Koniggiacz, and the struggle into that citadel across the pontoon bridges which had been thrown over the Elbe was to same extent a r^productaoH of the honors of the retreat from Loigsio. t
WARLIKE PREPARATIONS. Tha Emperor of Austria issued, at Vienna, ca tha lOfch of July, the following manifesto: — To my peöplea,The heavy misfortune which has befallen my army of the North, notwithstanding its most heroic resistance to the enemy—the increased dangers thereby menacing the Fatherland—the calami- ties of war with which my beloved kingdom of Bohemia is being desolated, and which threaten other parts of my empire-iind the painful and irreparable losses sustained by so many thousands of families among my subjects, have moved to its inmost core my heart, which beats with so warm and fatherly a feeling for the good of my peoples. But the reliance which I expressed in my manifesto -of the 17th of June-a reliance on your unalterable and faithful devotion and readiness for any self-sacrifice- a reliance on the courage of my army, which even misfortune cannot subdue-a reliance upon God and my good and sacred right-this has not wavered for a single instant. I have addressed myself to the Emperor of the French, requesting his good offices for bringing about an armistice with Italy. Not merely did the Emperor readily respond to my demand, but with the noble intention of preventing any farther bloodshed, he even of his own accord ofiered to mediate with Prussia for a suspension of hostilities and for opening negotiations for peace. This offer I have accepted. I am prepared to make peace upon honourable conditions, in order to put an end to the bloodshed and ravages of war. But I will never sanction a treaty, of peace by which the fundamental conditions of Austria's position as a great Power would be shaken. Sooner than that this should be the case, I am resolved to carry on the war to the utmost extremity, and in this 1 am sure of my peoples' approval. "All available troops are being concentrated, and the gaps in the ranks of the army are being filled up by the conscription which has been ordered; and the large enrolments of volunteers called to arms by the newly-awakened spirit of patriotism. Austria has been severely visited by -iaforture, but sho is not humiliated or bowed down. "My peoples,-Have confidence in your Emperor. The peoples of Austria have never shown themselves greater than in misfortune. "I will follow the example pf I my forefathers, and I will lead you on with determination, perseverance, and unshakeable confidence in God. FRANCIS JOSEPH. "Given at my residence in the capital of Vienna, this tenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-ais/'
SENDING BAD MEAT TO THE LONDON MARKET. At the Guildhall on Thursday, John Seabrook, a butcher, reeidmg at Chelmaford, was summoned before Alderman Finnis by the Commissioners of Sewers for the City of London, for sending to the London market for sale the carcase of a pig that was unfit for food. It appearei-that the defendant sent to Mr. Titmers, a highly respectable salesman of Newgate-market, the carcass of a pig, on the 30th of May, which was in a very bad state-from disease. The insides of the stomach and ribs were covered with small' ulcers, the ears were inflamed, and the flesh was wet and emaciated. Any person would have noticed it" and particularly a butcher ought to have seen it. The pustules were fall of matter, and the carcass waa brought to Gmildhall and condemned. It was contended that defendant was not aware of the condition of "the animal, bat Mr. Aklermas Finnis fined him ^810,' whioh was paid.
WOMAN AND HER" HUSBAND. At the Thames Polios-court, Thomas Cockerill, aged 43, described as a labourer, of No. 12, George-street, Salmon's-lane, Limehouse, was charged with being drunk, disorderly, and assaulting Eriscilla, bis wife. The complainant, an industriov3, woman, had come into possession of < £ 200, a legacy from her mother, who was desirous- that a freehold house should be purchased with the money, and that her daughter, son-in-law, and grandchildren should be provided with a home f?om which they could not be removed. The prisoner determined on spending the money for his own gratification, and he had obtained a good deal of it and carried out his selfish views. His wife, bowever, had managed to parauado him to invest £135, in their joint namea. He soon repented of this, and on Friday h& got drunk and asked her to sign a document to enable him to withdraw the money. She refused to do this, and he abused- her and committed a aavage assault upon her. He threw a stool at her, and strack her repeatedly about the head and face with his fists. A police-constable named Perks, -No, 384 K, hearing the screams of the complainant, went into her dwelling, and found he? with her mouth cut and bleeding, and very weak. The prisoner said he had as much right to the money as his wife had. He was about to enter into particulars concerning the bequest of the legacy when Mr. Paget stopped him, and said he had nothing to do with that matter, but only with the offences charged. A vary brutal assault had been committed by the prisoner on his wife, and he should sentence him to three months'imprisonment and hard labour. He would advise the complainant to, consult a respect- able solicitor-as to the disposal of the money.
FACTS AND FACETI2E. The musician who can make his hearers forget time may be excused for not keeping it. A Paradox.—When a shoemaker is ing to make a boot, the first thing he usas is the last. A fashionable party is now ealled a daughter- cultural show." When is literary work like smoke? When it comas in volumes. A gentleman who had borrowed money of all his friends, at last applied to an old Quaker, who said, a< Friend Fordyce, I have known several persons ruined by two. dica; and I will take care not to be ruined by Fourdice, Sententious Epitaph in a Rustic Cemetry: Tho rottin, not forgotten." At what time should an innkeeper visit an iron- foundry ?—When he wants a Lav-maid. Why is a cat going up three flights of stairs like a big hill ? Beoaase she ia a mounfivu Why is a piece of sterile ground like a certain toilet article ?—Beoausa it's bare soil (bear's oil). "John, can you tell me the difference between attraction of gravitation and attraction of cohesion ? —"Yes, sir," said John. "Attraction gravitation pulls a drunken man down, and the attraction cohesion prevents his getting up again." # Dr. Johnson's definition of a note of admiration (!) made on the moment is very neat "I see—I see—I know not what, I see a dash above a dot, Presenting to my contemplation A perfect point of admiration. M. About, in a recent publication, saya of an avaricious man, that, it had been prove. that, after having kindled his fire, he stack a cork m the end of the bellows to save the littlo wind that waa left in them." Well, uncle, do yon see any Particulail difference in neighbour Pearoa since he joined the Church ?" Oh, yes," was the reply,, a. great difference. Before, when he went out into his garden on Sunday, he car- ried garden tools on his shoulder, now he carries them under his overcoat. Bitter.—It seems, from the issue of a recent trial in Paris, that a matrimonial agency which had a negress to marry on their books, used to announce the fact thus: A ne,gro lady to marry, with a fortune of two millions and a half franca." The nibbles at the black one were not many, and he who bit was finally bitten. A young man advertises for a place as a sales- man, ana says he has had a great deal of experience, having been discharged from seven situations within the year. A lady, commending the manners of a gentleman of her acquaintance, said, He is a paregr4m of polite- ness. "Parallelogram, madam, you mean," said a wag, sitting next to her. Ah, yes, parallelogram, I should have said," replied the lady. Stamped Antelopes."—A would-be gentleman, tha other day, called at the Post-office, and displayed hIS Ignoranoe of natural history or the French language, or both, by requesting to be supplied with. 3 stsycapesi antelope 1 There is a legend that, one day, a woman went to Brigham Young for counsel, touching some alleged oppression by an officer of the church. Brigham, like a true politician, assumed to know her but, when it became necessary ta record her case, hesitated, and said, Let me see, sister, I forget your name." My name!" was the indignant reply, why, I am your wife P' "When did I marry you?" The woman in- formed the "President," who referred to an account- book in his desk, and then said: Well, I believe you are right. I kneiv your face was familiar!" No Action.—It was once ruled in an action for libel, brought by a clergyman against a pamphleteer, that to call a lawyer a fool was actionable, because one could not be a fool without being a bad lawyer; but that the same term applied to a clergyman was not actionable, since a man might be a fool and yet a very good parson. A Sharp Retort.-Two lawyers, one of whom had grey hair, and the other, though just as old a man as his learned friend, had hair which looked sus- piciously black, had some altercation about some question of practice, in which the gentleman with the dark hair remarked to his opponent, at the same time looking at the barrister's grey head, A person at your time of life, sir, ought to have had long enough experience to know what is customary in such cases." "Tea, sir," was the reply; "you may stare at my grey hair if you like. My hair will be grey as long as I live, and yours will be black as long as you dye." A young man, having entertained a tender pasaios for a young woman, felt such insurmountable diffidence as to prevent his ever disclosing the, samEI' to the fair empress of his heart, and resolved on an expedient which would bring the business to an issue. He went to the parish clerk, and requested that the banns of marriage might be published. When the publication was brought to the youag woman's oars, she was filled with astonishment, and went to him, to vent her resentment. He bore the sally with fortitude, observing that if she did not think proper to have him, she could just go to the church and forbid the banns. After a moment's pause, she took- counsel with her anger, and said, As it has been dene, it is pity that the fee should be thrown away! The following poem on incontrovertible con- taia no vowel but O 5° monk good to rob-, or cog, or plot, No fool so groas to bolt Scotch coliops hot. From Donjon top% no Gronoeko rolls. Logwood, not lotos, floods Oporto's bowls. Troops of old tosspots oft to sot cossort. Box tops odd sohoolbeys oft do flog for sport No cool monsooas blow soft on Oxford dons, Orthodox, jog-trot, book-worm Solomons! Bold Ostrogoths of ghosts no horror show. On London shop-fronts no hop-blossoms grow. To crocks of gold no dodo loøks for food. On soft cloth footstools no old fox doth brood. Long storm-tost sloops forlorn work on to port,. Rooks do not roost on spoons,, nor wood cooks sssst' Nor dog on snowdrop or on coltsfoot rolls, Nor eommon frog concocts long protocols." Artemus Ward among the Fenians, with the Showman's Observation on Life)" is the title of a tiny work just introduced. Some parts of it are very droll. The humour is not of a very subtle or large kind, btit- there is a frolicsome extravagansa in it which makes 03Q laugh. It is not everyone who would venture ts' put together such rubbish, bat then if it is rubbishifs- is-good rubbish, instance the following. It was late when I got home. The children and my wife was all-abed, Bnt a candle-a eandia made from taller of our, own raisin'-gleamed in Betsy's room; it gleamado for, 1, All was still. The eweefc silvery moon was a shinin bright, and the boa"&tiftil ststrs waq up to their' usual doins! I felt a sentymental mood so gently ore me stealing I paweed before Betsy's winder, and sung", in a kind of op'ratie vois, as foilerg,, impromtoo, tOr wit Wake, Bessy, wake, My sweet galoot! Rise up fair lady, While I toueh my luie i The winder-I regret to say that the winder went np with a violent crash, ani- a form robed in spot- less white exclaimed, I Cum into the house, you old fool. To morrer you'll be goin' round eomplainin" about your liver'' I sot up & spell by the kitchen fire rea,din' Lewis Napoleon's 'Life of Julius Cæsar: What a reckless old cuss he was I Yif; Lewis picture,, him in glowin cullers, Cssaar mada it lively for the boys in Gaul, didn't he? He alewed one million of citiaens, male and female-CAuls and Gaulusaes—and then he sold another million of 'em into slavery. He continnered this cheerful stile, of thing for sum time, when one day he was 'sassinated in Rome by sum high- toned Roman genl'men, led on .by Mr. Brutas. When old Bruty inserted his knife into him, Csesar admitted., that be was gone up. His f uneral was a great success, the house bein' crowded to its utmost capacity. Ten minutes after the doors we:re opened the ushers had, to pat up cards on which waa printed 'Standin' Boom Only.' I went to bed at last. Aed eo,' I said, I thoc- hast no ear for swwet melody ?' A silvery snore was., my only answer. Betsy slept." Artemus Ward, however, is not the only bidder for fame in putting forth drolleries. There is a book, come out called Josh Billings, His Book of Sayings." He seta at defiance all rules of spelling, and adopts a style of his own, which of course will appear chSldisn. and frivolous to those people who cannot "take a.. joke." Josh takes Fashion a,s his theme, and,, thus discourses upon it:—"Fashion is So compound mixtur ov much taiat and sum vanitse. The taist that is into it saives it from ridikule. Fashun iz just az nesesaara tu govern men and wim.min with az givil law; in fack, menny folks wud ruther brake a statu than tu ware a cut tale tu short, or a bnnnett to obtuze. Exsen- trisity iz one thing and fashun iz anuther thing. Wo haint got no more rite tu laff at fashun than we hav tu laff at vittels. What a man or woman eats if it iz well cooked iz all rite, and what tha. ware, if it iz well cooked ia ditto. After fashuns- have had their da then is tha time ta despize, them; just so it iz with vittels-cold vittela for in- stanze. Nobody iz tn blame for old fashung. If our grate grandmother shud meet our present mother, both ov. them dressed in the tashun ov their respektit daze, tha wud go tu kalling each other old foals, and we should stan by and Offer tu bet on it. If evry boddy had a fashun ov their own it wud make az. mutch trabble az a ahm plaster kurreney. Them that sett the fashun aught tu be vartuous and big minded,, bekauze the morals ova people are just about az much inSooensed by Mahun az tha are by jeligun. In them daze, when tha had no partiklar fashun tha didn't hav partik-lar enny thing else. It iz more evidense ov- vanitee to rtsjek fashun than it ia tu, adopt it. Evra, boddy more or lessly hankers after fashun. Fashun makes the poo? ambishus and it makes the rich affabii; K ^1.^ vartuous cheerful, and ife makes the nutnbiy kind ov handsosie, and1 there iz no reason shnd make tho modest bold, enny more than elegense shud make the bntiful wioked. There has alwus bin wolfs in sheeps clothing, and fashua will okasionally be used for the same purpis, but that aint enny reason why mutton arnt good, nor why fashun shud be hipokrasy. Beksuze sum peopil are slaves tu fashun only proves its. power, and yu will find that theze who are its slaves are ginerally free from moat ov the big sius that humin natur iz subjeo tu. The big minded and the n&ble adopt fashun just az tha du enny other proper knatom, simpla bekause it iz the fashun. It is tra that sum ov the fashuna are absurd, and it is tru that sum ov the vartues are absurd also. If a fashun kant be made tu square itself tu the rules ov either good cense or good taiat, it aint fashun, it is consait. A grato menny folkes ced that whoops was a failure, but tha held their own and grew nisely; tha are realy evrathing in a hot da. I shud like tu set in one all thru, Juli and August, a feller wud be as cook as a dog's nose in a wire muzzle. The essa is thru." ——
The inquest on Mrs. Warder, wife of the dootor who lately committed suicide at Brighton, was re- sumed and concluded on Monday. The evidence produced was of an interesting and oonolusive oharacter. Amongst the witnesses were Drs. Taylor and Wilks. These gentlemen had analysed the contents of the stomach and examined the intestines generally of the deceased. They not only failed to discover any trace of mineral or vegetable poisons, but also failed to see anything which would account for death. The conclusion they arrived at was that, although aconite could not be discovered, it was most likely, from the symptoms which deceased displayed some time before her death, that aconite had caused it. After an investigation of close upon four hours' duration, the jury agreed to a verdict to the effect that Mrs. Warder was feloniously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought, killed and aaurdwed by liez husband,"