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TOWN TALK, j
TOWN TALK, j BT OUB SPEC'XAII CORRESPONDENT. Oiriwufn witi understand thai we do not "hold ourselves respon1 S'iisiri jo f our abw Correspondent's Qpiuiom&t TEE horrible stteof things which exist in the I Strand Union, brought to light by the nurse Beeton and Dr. Rogers has led to farther inquiry I into the treatment of the sick poor in two other workhouses, being promoted by the Sick Poor I Association. These investigations are now going on, one at Rotherhithe, and the other at Padding- ton. At Rotherhithe Miss Beeton was told by the clerk to the guardians that if she failed to substantiate her allegations, she might expect legal proceedings to be taken against her. With this incentive to speak the truth in the shape of a threat before her eyes, she proceeded to give an account of what she had witnessed, her statement in parts being almost too disgusting for repeti- tion, and, as a whole, would have been well nigh incredible, had we not by this time have become accustomed to these fearful disclosures. The diet was insufficient, the spirits were diluted, beer, when ordered by the doctor, was frequently not given; rags for poultices could not be obtained, and if a patient required more than one poultice in twenty-four hours, he had either to pay for it or to save bread for it; maggots crawled on the beds and on the floor; sheets were changed once in three weeks, and the patients had to wash their hands and faces in the utensils, other appliances for cleanliness not being provided. However, as the patients were only paupers, some of them it is possible, even "professional," too much stress must not be laid on such trifles as insufficient diet and a superabundance of filth. From this point of view what remains behind is more im- portant. There were three nurses, two of whom got drunk occasionally, while the third was a con- firmed drunkard. One nurse used to beat the patients until they were black with bruises, more particularly those who had no friends. On com- plaining to the matron about the cruelty of this nurse, Beeton was told to get used to these things, for workhouses were not like hospitals. In Miss Beeton's opinion, many patients were actually killed by this nurse. When the patients were very troublesome she used to give them a dose of opium, put them on their left side, and then let them die of natural deaths." Re- specting the Paddington Union, I will only say, at present, that the statement furnished to the Poor- law Board discloses almost as bad a state of things as that which proved to be a true account of the Strand Infirmary, and that the guardians have always maintained a high reputation for humanity and good management, so much so, that when the Archbishop of York described, in Willis's Rooms, the general inefficiency of the arrangements made by the various London Boards, he specially excepted the Paddington Board, as he had heard a very good report of their house from, what he considered, to be an authentic source. Seeing that mismanagement has been proved to exist in so many workhouse infirmaries, in the Strand, Bethnal-green, Shore- ditch, St. Giles's, St. Pancras (I say nothing of Rotherhithe and Paddington, as the inquiries are still pending), the conclusion that the present system is radically wrong, can only be contested by those who are interested in its maintenance. The plan proposed by the association of which Lord Carnarvon is president-the consolidation of the metropolitan infirmaries, their support by a metro- politan rate, and their supervision by the Poor- law Board—would render the occurrence of such scandals as take place under the present system an impossibility. Erected, as it is proposed these infirmaries shall be, in conformity with the sug- gestions of Sir William Fergusson, Dr. Quain, Dr. Bence Jones, Mr. Paget, and many other most eminent physicians and surgeons, they would be suited to the purpose for which they would be used, and the medical arrangements would be in accordance with what humanity requires. When, tnereiore, the majority of the metropolitan guardians oppose the erection of such buildings, "and the massing together of chronic disease," on the ground that new types of disease would thereby be generated, they, and all those who express the same opinion, only make themseltes ridiculous. To set up their common sense," which is valuable on all questions con- nected with haberdashery, coats, shoes, and vegetables, because on these matters they are specially well informed, against the common sense of physicians and surgeons on matters with which they are specially well instructed, is ignorant presumption. The common sense which alone is a safe guide is that sense or conclusion at which the whole or a majority of a body of men, duly qualified on any given subject, has come to upon that particular subject. In a word, it depends upon whose common sense it is. On the subject of the proper treatment of the sick, I prefer the common sense of the eminent medical men above- named to the common sense of the more or less respectable retail tradesmen, who constitute the great majority of London Poor-law Guardians. -THE marriage 0f our Princess Mary of Cam- bridge to Prinee Teck has been really celebrated amid much rejoicing. The Princess, with charac- teristic kindness, in the midst of her own happiness did not forget to make others happy. The school children at Kew, where the wedding took place, and where the Princess has resided for many years, had a. treat, and thirty or forty poor people had a good dinner of her providing. And in celebration of the event, the benchers of the Middle Temple sent around champagne to the > various bar messes. Her Majesty, and those in; immediate attendance upon her, were attired in the deepest of deep mourning. The Duchess D'Aumale, who was present, and who has but j recently lost her royal aunt and mother-in-law, the venerable widow of Louis Philippe, did not, however, appear in mourning. I THE "panic," which has swept like a tornado ] over the City," and left behind so many wrecks to show its destructive force, presented one notable j feature to which public attention has been, and j will for seme time to come be, earnestly directed— j I mean the extent to" which wide-spread ruin was j caused by the deliberate conspiracy of certain j parties, acting upon an organised plan, to send j down the price of shares and securities, in them- selves perfectly sound, in order to put fortunes into their cwn pockets. Those who hare iarested their capital in Joint-Stock Banks and F'inance Companies, are at present completely at the mercy of these so-called bears, whose modus operandi is of the most infamous and unprincipled character, and deserves to be punished by penal servitude for life, or a halter, far more richly than many a crime to which such punishments are awarded. The mode in which these conspirators against the fortunes, it may be said in many cases the lives, of innocent and unoffending people achieve their object may be easily described, and the I remedy I think is equally obvious if we once seriously set ourselves to devise one. Let us see how a bear" goes to work. A specu- lator, who has HO shares in a Joint-Stock Bank or Discount and Finance Company, goes into J the Stock Exchange, and offers to sell one | thousand shares for the next account at Sí lower I price than they stand in the market—say 62 instead of 64. The" bear" has no shares, and does not intend to have any; he merely lays a wager, and says, in fact, I'll bet you £1,000 that the shares of the bank will be sold at J26Q, or less, I before the next account day, three weeks hence." The result of the operation is that shareholders get frightened and rush into the market to sell; the price of shares really falls, and the bear," who has nominally sold one thousand shares at 62, j finds the price before settling day 60 or 61. He buys the shares at one of these prices, and is ready to deliver at the agreed price of 62, realising £ 1,000 or £ 2,000 by his wager. This was espe- cially the character of the run against the Agra J and Masterman's Bank, whose stoppage has caused j more misery and ruin in every part of the world than could the failure of any other bank, except the Bank of England. The scoundrels who set j themselves to destroy it were not content with J ordinary "bearing," bad as that is, but abso- I lutely sent circulars, friendly and confidential," J to depositors, advising them to withdraw their deposits before the bank shut up. One of these circulars was received by a depositor while he was on a visit at Paris. When depositors rush to a bank en masse to demand their money, and frighten shareholders into the market to sell at any price, the end must come-the stoppage of what was a thoroughly solvent concern when these nefarious practices commenced. Within the last two months men have committed suicide, and widows and orphans have been thrown into poverty by these "time bargains" or wagers. When solvent banks are brought to a stand then, shares become nearly valueless, and the widow who was left by her husband, what he thought, at least, a, decent competence of £ 10,000 or 1, 15,000 in first- rate bank shares, finds herself and children almost penniless. "Skittle sharping," which is punishable by law when the sharpers are detected, is far more honourable and much less mischievous than bearing." Even when they do succeed in entic- ing some young man from the country into a skittle alley, get Mm to play at a game of which, probably, he knows little or nothing, to. stake his good money against their bank of elegance notes and dummy sovereigns, and, lastly, "bonnet or drug him, and escape with his watch and chain, the injury they do is confined to the individual, and is upon a limited scale. But a glance at the list of shareholders of the Agra, and Masterman's Bank is sufficient to show that enormous loss will be felt in every part of our Eastern possessions in China, in the Straits, and by the military and ) civil service in India, especially with whom the Agra was a pet bank. One comparatively timid proposal to check such really criminal practices has been considered by the Committee of the Stock Exchange, namely, that sellers of shares should be required to give the number of j the shares they wish to sell. The committee rejected the proposal by a majority of fifteen against twelve. By so doing' they clearly preferred the interests of the members of H the House to those of the public, and for the sake of the brokerage on these fictitious sales, which constitute so large a portion of the business transacted in the House, they are quite ready to deny the investing public any protection whatever. But, as usual with purely selfish, calculations, they may find out by-and-bye that they have done the very thing they wished to avoid. The mere "wagerers" do not invest, it is those who have money to spare from business, or who have retired from active iife-and if they cease to invest in shares that can be affected by such nefarious operations, both bulls and bears must come to grief. They can't live upon one another. If j such practices were attempted against a private bank as wrought the downfall of the Agra and Masterman, the perpetrators would very speedily find themselves in the hands of the police, and at the bar of the Old Bailey. Why should joint-stock banks be deprived of the same protection? It is, however, very clear that protection is not to be looked for from the committee, though the fact, that there was so large a minority indicates that even within the House itself, there is a strong and wide-spread eonvictisn of the necessity for a change. Mr. Leeman, the member for York, has taken the matter up and introduced a bill into the House of Commons, which has been hailed j with mucn SatlsfaetiOL, though already it has j been criticised as going rather too far, and as not being sufficiently comprehensive. The I bill provides that all contracts for the sale or transfer of shares, stocks, or other interests in any joint-stock, banking, or any other joint-stock company, shall be null and void unless at the time of making such contracts the respective numbers and designations of such, ox the or stock are stated in writing. Fake statements in such written contracts are to be treated as misde- meanour, and legally punishable accordingly, Upon the main principle of the bill there will probably be little difference of opinion in the House of Commons, and any discussion will be as to the extent to which it should be applied. The Times, in its City article, recommends its applica- tion to banks, discount, or other credit establish- ments, while others think that nothing short of actual registration of all transactions will be an effectual remedy. If that was the law it would I place the "jobbers" in the same position as the j public, who, when they go into the market to j purchase, have to pay money down and undertake j all subsequent responsibilities and liabilities in, j respect of the shares so purchased. A stringent provision of this kinëJ, it may be said, would, in j the long run, put a stop to "jobbers "altogether. S If sq. Bill the better for the public and She jobbers t will probably betake themselves to some other I congenial calling,, or, perforce, learn to earn an I honest living. z. j
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.…
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. Fk-O'M: all quarters on the Continent we hear a 1 war sound at present there is an ominous still- J ness in many of the German States, which will, I we fear, break out shortly into thunder. The j two great Powers, Prussia and Austria, are now I in battle array, the old principle of those who are not for us are against us" is at work, and notwithstanding some of the lesser States wish to declare their neutrality, they are not allowed to do so, but expected to join in the war. The movement of troops, in a military sense" (as Count Bismarck would say), has fairly com- menced. The Prussians have entered Hanover, and forced the Hanoverian army to retire. They have also entered Saxony and the Electoral Hesse, two States who declared in favour of Austria, and these, together with Hanover, have received threats from the Austrian Go- vernment that unless they join that Power their Principality shall be overthrown. They have declined compliance with this haughty de- mand, and it is probable the first ferocities of the war will fall on them.. The Federal Diet met on Saturday, and by a majority of ten to five resolved that the motion of Saxony for assistance from Austria and Bavaria, should be acceded to. The nine votes given in favour of Austria at this Diet by the lesser Powers represent a population of 10,859,731, and contingents of 173,798 men. Whilst the four votes, exclusive of Prussia herself, who follow Bismarck's advice, only represent a popula- tion of 2,954,580, and contingents of 33,500, thus showing an immense preponderance in favour of Austria, Prince remains quiet but hesitating, whilst England, having done all in her power to preserve peace, falls back into the strictest neu- trality; yet, with all her care, there is danger that even she may be drawn into the battle field. FROM America we learn that the Fenians have made their lang-thieatened raid into Canada, and the same mail which brings us the details of the movement brings also the report of the dispersion and surrender of the raiders, and the arrest, by order of the Government of the United States, of these deluded people, many of whom have given their money, and some of them their lives, to this absurd and ridiculous movement. It is stated that Stephens, the" head-centre," is at Washington, and it will oe fortunate for Mm if he does not find that the Government of the United States is dis- posed to deal as vigorously with breaches of inter- national law as the British Government did in the matter of his attempted rising in Ireland. As to this raid, it appears that a numerous band of un- disciplined men, calling themselves the Fenian Brotherhood, made their way over the border to Canada, and immediately commenced plunder. They met with the Canadian volunteers, who drove them back to the United States, where they were received as enemies, some of them slain, and many taken prisoners. This will, we hope, effectu- ally stamp out Fenianism; and we trust every Xrisnmas will return to his honest labour, forget- ful of fancied wrongs, and accept the advantages that a British subject has under the mild and be- neficent rule of the English constitution. EVERY effort is being made by the Italians to obtain possession of Yenice; Garibaldi is again in the field; and Miss Florence Nightingale wishes them God-speed, and gives advice and assistance in establishing hospitals for sick soldiers. Louis Napoleon looks on calmly and says nothing, but rather beckons the Italians on to victory; whilst the Emperor of Austria, appears to be making no efforts to resist any strong force or to protect the Venetian territories. THE sensation of the week in politics has been the defeat of Ministers in passing their Reform Bill. It had dragged its dull course along for eight weeks, and it appeared to many that it was not adopted with energy even by Ministers them- selves. The county franchise clause had passed after much. opposition; then crane the borough clause, which was to admit persons at a rental franchise of £ 7. Lord Dunkellin pro- posed as an amendment that it should be a rate- able qualification instead of a rental, in which he was joined by the Tories; and although the Government accepted this amendment as fatal to the bill, upon a division they were beaten in a very full House by eleven votes. A GRAND review of volunteers and sham fight took place the other day in Pashanger-park, the seat of Earl Cowper, in the presence of an im- mense concourse of spectators. A large body, consisting of the Herts and Essex corps, the Lon- don Rifle Brigade, the Queen's Westminsters, and St. George's were present. Earl Cowper as briga- dier, with a large staff, efficiently performed his duty, and Colonel Erskine, the Inspector-General of Volunteers, highly praised the commanders and the battalions for the manner in which the opera- tion was performed. GREAT preparations are being made for the Paris International Exhibition of 1867. A new idea has struck the Commissioners—namely, to assign a special locality for the display of the I weights and measures in use in all countries; and it is hoped that some system may be adopted by which one common standard shall, be used throughout the whole of Europe. IN courts of law there has been much done of late. The long and tedious litigation of Mrs. Ry ves, who claims to be the Princess of Cumber- land, and to be of blood royal, has been brought to a close, the jury having decided against the j claim set up, the court ordering all the documents to ba impounded, some of which were pronounced J to be forgeries. j counter charge of perjuryagainst Mrs. Allen, who accused Mr. Moseley, a dentist, of improper conduct in a railway carriage, has been brought before the magistrate at Marylebone. Her state- ments in reference to Mr. Moseley were rebutted chiefly by collateral evidence, but circumstances added to his denial; and as the woman's antece- dents were not by any means favourable, the magistrate committed her for trial. j THE murder of the housekeeper a,t the London merchant's warehouse, in Cannon-street, still re-' mains a, mystery. William Smith, who had been committed for trial for the murder, has been I si-qritied. The eddaiiee givex), hxm differed in no way from that brought forward at the Police-court, and for his defence it was very satisfactorily established, by no less than eleven j witnesses, that the prisoner passed the night of t,he murder with some friends at a beer-shop, and that he was one of the last of the company to leave. To the finding of the jury, the judge who tried the case added, that it was due to the prisoner to say "He was more than not guilty; he was innocent." The result is unsatisfactory, inasmuch as it leaves unarrested the real author of the crime, and tends to throw discredit on the efficiency and ability of the poliee force. It is by no means pleasant to think that all the machinery of the poliee and the detective system is unavail- ing to discover the man who committed a murder in one of our leading thoroughfares, and only obtained a few minutes' start of his pursuers. We trust that this Cannon-street atrocity will not be permitted to add another to the number of undis- covered murders which have recently occurred in England.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. DECLARATION OF WAR BETWEEN PRUSSIA AND AUSTRIA, BERLIN, JUNE 19. Prussia formally declared war against Austria yesterday. PARIS, JUNE 19. The llfon'ite1ió'r' of this morning confirms the in- telligence that Prussia only yesterday declared war against Austria. DECLARATION OF WAR BETWEEN ITALY AND AUSTRIA. FLORENCE, JUNE 19. The Italian Government formally declared war against Austria yesterday. This is official. The Italian ministry has been definitively reorganised under Baron Ricasoli. The persons attached to the King's household have left Florence in order to join his Majesty at the camp. Telegraphic communication witii Venetia is in- terrupted. THE FEDERAL ARMY BEFORE FRANKFORT. FRANKFORT-ON-THE- MAINE, JUNE 19. From 30,000 to 40,000 Federal troops are assembled before this city. COMMENCEMENT OF HOSTILITIES. COLOGNE, JUNE 18. Hostilities have commenced between the Prussians and the Federal army. The 4th Darmstadt infantry regiment has been almost annihilated by the Prussians at Friedberg, between Frankfort and Giessen. HEIDELBERG, JUNE 18. According to intelligence received here, an engage- ment has taken place between the outposts at the extremity of Saxony, towards Lobaa or Rumburg, between the Prussian hussars and an Austrian corps. A considerable Austrian force is massed in that direc- tion, and other large corps are stated to be upon the Silesian frontier in the neighbourhood of Troppau. MENTZ, JUNE 18. The Prussians are reported to have cut off the com- munications of the Hanoverian army, and rendered its junction with the Austro-Federal corps impossible. BERLIN, JUNE 18, EVENING. Railway communication between Eisenach and Cassel is interrupted. The Bavarians intend to cut the railway line between Coburg and Bamberg, and to blow up the railway bridge at Lichtenfels. The have destroyed the railway bridges at Oswiencim, on the Galician and Silesian frobtier. The railway communication between Oawiencim and J Myslovitz is interrupted. PRAGUE, JUNE 18. The Prussians occupied Dresden at half-past eleven o'clock to-day. STADE, JTJNE 18. The Prussian Lieut.-Colonel Gransch arrived here last night and disarmed the garrison, dismissing them I to their homes. He took possession of 21 guns and numerous mortars, rifles, and other war material. LETTER OF THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON. PARIS, JUNE 16. The Momiewr of this morning reproduces the article published in yesterday's Constitutionnel on M. Emile de Girardon's interpretation of the letter of the Emperor Napoleon. VIENNA, JUNE 16. The French Cabinet has gent the letter lately ad- dressed by the Emperor Napoleon to M. Drouyn de Lhuys to the French representatives abroad, together with a circular explaining the bearing of the letter. The Neite Freie Presse of to-day asserts that Prince I Gortschakoff has sent a circular to the representatives j of Russia abroad, stating that upon the slightest j violation of neutrality by France Russia will abandon her present neutral attitude. MOBILISATION OF THE FEDERAL ARMY. FRANKFORT, JUNE 14. The Austrian proposal for the mobilisation of the Federal army has been adopted in the Federal Diet to- day by nine against six votes. The Prussian representative had previously declared the motion to be contrary to the Federal Constitution, and protested against any action being taken thereon by the Diet. After the motion had been adopted, he declared that Prussia considered the Federal Pact to be dissolved. He then submitted proposals for the constitution of a new Band, announced that Prussia seceded from the present Confederation, and imme- diately withdrew from the Assembly. The Austrian Minister-President protested against the Prussian project, and maintained the continuance j of the Confederation with all its rights and duties, J declaring that no member was at liberty to secede from the Bund, and that the whole of Germany had a I right to demand that the Confederation should remain I intact. He concluded by inviting the Diet to unite j with him in a solemn protest for the preservation of the rights and competency of the Bund, which should I continue in full vigour and binding upon all its members. The Diet adopted a resolution expressing its adhe- rence to the declaration of the Austrian representa. tive. ADVANCE OF THE ITALIAN TROOPS. PARIS, JUNE 15. The Pai/rie of this evening publishes a despatch from Florence, asserting that the Italian troops have made a movement in advance upon the Mincio, ENTRY OF THE PRUSSIANS INTO HANOVER. HANOVER, JUNE 15. The Prussian forces are marching into Hanover from Harburg and Mmden. The Hanoverian troops are retiring to Gottingen for concentration there with the Kalik brigade and the Bavarian army • ™«,T, .HAMBURG, JUNE 15. The Bourse is very heavy, m consequence of a report that the Prussian troops had entered Hanover. ENTRY OF AUSTRIAN. TROOPS INTO SAXONY. D ^EIPSIC, JUNE 15,4.25 P.M. Tne Prussian troopa entered Saxony to-day. a DRESDEN, JUNE 15. A cabinet council was held here to-day, and the Prussian minister was immediately afterwards received by the lung. The Prussian ultimatum demanding the ?• SawnySn the Austro-Prussian conflict, the restoration of the Saxon army to a peace footing, and adhesion to the Prussian proposal for convoking a ixerman J. arliament with the view of foundiiag a new confederation, has been rejected by the Saxon Govern- ment. OUTEEEAK OF CHOLERA. AND TYPHUS IN THE PRUSSIAN AND AUSTRIAN ARMIES. BERLIN, JUNE 15. express to Brussels, by telegraph from Brussels. Ihe Prussian Government is disquieted at the spread of cholera in the army. On the 4th and 5th instant 31 cases, 6 of which on these days proved fatal, occnrred in 3rd Regiment of the Guard. Among the Austrian troops in Bohemia and Bavaria a disea&ehaB brol- ea out, to which the name of Famine Typhus has been given. It seems ths.t the soldiers were at fires inshdatiuateJy fed. j PRUSSIAN OCCUPATION OF SAXON TOWNS. PRAGUE, JUNE 16. The entry of the Prussian troops into Saxony is fulfr confirmed. They have occupied Lobau and Zittau within the eastern frontier of Saxony, and also threaten an vance from the Prussian towns of Schkenditz aci Zeitz, on the Western frontier. w J The railway between Riesa and Dresden has been destroyed. Passenger traffic and postal communication betwe0c Prussia and Saxony is stopped. Prussia and Saxony is stopped. The Crown Princess of Saxony proceeds to VienE9» The Saxon treasury and valuables and the pro- visions of the army have been transported for secaritf to Bohemia. ITALY. FLORENCE, JUNE 16.. The Ministry is nearly constituted. Baron RicaeoJJ is appointed President and Minister of the I11* terior; Signor Borgatti, Minister of Justice; Signor Brochetti Minister of Marine. Signoii Pettj' nengo, Scialoja, Jacim, and Berti retain the^ nengo, Scialoja, Jacim, and Berti retain tbeit portfolios. General La Marmora is named Minists* Adlatus to the King at the camp. The Ministry °* Foreign Affairs has been offered to Signor Yiscon'J Foreign Affairs has been offered to Signor Viscop? Venosta, and that of Agriculture to Signor MordiW, with what result is not yet known. The Austrians have interrupted all lines of coB-' mnnication on the side of the Po and Mincio. FLORENCE, JUNE 16.. Is is believed that Signor Depratis will be appoints'' Minister of Marine. The Senate has approved the bill for a monetary convention between Italy, France, Belgium, aDa Switzerland. The debate on the financial bills has commenced jJ\' the Senate. DEPARTURE OF THE KINGS OF PRUSSIA AND ITALY FOR THE ARMY. PARIS, MONDAY, 12.3 Am- A manifesto by the Emperor of Austria, equival0I1', TO a declaration of war, was to have been published 1? rid ay, but has been delayed to await the vote of Germanic Diet. The King of Prussia and Count Bismarck have 1eft for the army. The King of Italy and General La Marmora have S6' out for the army. Railway and telegraphic communication in direct parts of Germany has been interrupted. I DEFEAT OF THE FENIANS AND DEATH Of GENERAL O'NEILL. MONTREAL, JUNE 2 (NocN). A correspondent of the Montreal Herald gives tJ18 following account of the transactions at St. Albany on Friday. He statesThe first of the Fenians, 400 in number, arrived by the morning train without arB18' A portion of them went east to Fairfield, where tbeŠO are many Irish settlers. On Friday night about were armed. On Saturday morning about 400 arrived from Boston unarmed. A number of eases 0" arms which arrived from Friday to Saturday morniD? were seized, and sent under the direction of the States Marshal, guarded by United States regulars, to Burlington. More arms and more Fenians are ex- pected at this point, and will be dealt with accordingly' as the authorities are fully on the alert and are 110 supported by a sufficient number of troops. An attack on Montreal is anticipated; hence near# the whole strength is concentrated at St. John's. General Lindsay was disabled by a fall from his yesterday, but it is hoped he will be in the field iP.c day o? two. A number of suspected strangers this city. There is still fighting at Ridgway, soveC miles from Fort Erie and ten miles from por Colborne, and several miles from any teleg-.afd station. THESE P.M- The volunteers have fallen back on Port <Jolbome' Colonel Peacock, with regulars, is moving towards enemy from Chippewa. The Fenians are endears ouric £ to go back, but the American troops are f> them. S:lx r.Y- Fenians defeated and surrounded by 16th and 4;J¡ Regiments and volunteers. It is stated that O'Neil1¡ the Fenian leader, had been shot. It is reported tb' 37 men and three officers of the Toronto 10th Roy&58 were killed in the action in which the Fenians were defeated. The Fenians fought desperately. 1,000 men under Colonel Lowry left Toronto to-dav. volunteers are pouring in from the country. ':MediCl'" men have gone from here to the scene of action. NEW YORK, JUNE 5, EVENING- The Fenians at F ort Erie being prevented from recfi^ ing reinforcements by Federal picket boats, that place before daylight on the morning of the Srd inst., leaving 32 men on picket duty, who were cap' tured by the Canadians. 400 Fenians, includicf O'Neil and a number of other officers, were by the Federal boats, and are now held prisoners BlackroGk under the guns of the Federal stearaor Michigan. General Meade arrived at Buffalo on SflCt day night, and ordered General Sarny to seize B>' arms intended for the use of the Fenians. The repo:rt of the number of killed and wounded in the fight Ii. Ridgway are conflicting. Only six Canadians We positively reported killed. Five Fenians are reported to have been tried by drum-head court-martial at Fa Erie en Sunday, and shot on Monday. NEW YORK, JUNE 7. Five thousand Fenians are reported to be on tbe St. Lawrence, mostly at Malone, Potsdam, and appo' site Montreal and Edwardsburg. They have :017 artillery, and are poorly armed. Numbers were arriv- ing yesterday,"but to-day it is said many are seeking to return. 1,000 left Fairfield, and 1,800 left yesterday, all going towards the border. The tants of St. Armands have removed their valuables 0 Montreal. General Meade is at Ogdensburg. :r;,e- cruiting has progressed vigorously among the FeDiOo in large cities. On Tuesday and Wednesday 2,000 were enrolled at New York. Large also been made to the Fenian treasury. It is, how- ever, generally considered that the action of tPÐ Federal authorities will cause a permanent and iroIPØ" diate abandonment of the Fenian scheme for the sion of Canada. Stephens is in Washington. Johnson has issued a proclamation i •?-lans" "^n document he admonishes good eitizens against aiding or countenancing the pedition being carried out by evil. disposed persoxlo from Federal territory against the British colonic in violation of the laws of the United States and the law of nations. General Sweeny was arrested at Albans last night by the Federal authorities, Roberts, the president of the senate faction, Wfj. arrested in New York to-day by the Federal marsh8* Warrants have been issued for the arrest of prominent Fenians. The Fenian prisoners at Buffs"0 were released on Tuesday, the men on their own re- cognisances and the officers on bail, to appear -whov required, and answer the charge of a violation of ti0 neutrality laws. Various seizures of Fenian arms supplies by the Federal authorities are reported. TIle Fenians who seized the arms at Watertown were over- taken by the ]Federal troops at Richville and the arm3 recovered. The Fenians were retained prisoners.
The Carr's Hill Murder.-Sir George Grey has directed an offer of X100 reward to be made or- the part of the Government for information respectiElT the murder of the little girl, named Sarah MelviB, between, Felling and Carr's Hill, so as to lead to the apprehension and conviction of the guilty parson. Carmon-_streefc Murder.—When £ >mith, lately tried on a charge of having murdered Mrs. Milsona, returned to Eton, after his acquittal, o» Friday night, he was received with cheers by numbers of the people amongst whom he had lived. lIe vvas waited for at Windsor station, and his friends forming in procession, marched aria-in-arm to his home, about which hundreds of people had gathered. On Ms ap- proach these received him with loud shouts of we)" come. John Gofmell and CO-19 Cherry Tooth Paste, price III. Decideø,Jv Mle best preparation for cleansing aud preserving the teefrfr. Soldbyall perfumers aud chemists. aa, Three King-ot., Lombard-at., J5. C. In consequence* of the HOnotion in Duty, Horwiman's Teas are now suppbedi by the Agents EISHTPENCB per Jb. CHEAPER. Every Genuine Packet is signed Homianan « Co." pHILDREN TEETHING.—Airs. Window's SoothiBg Syrup, for children teething, is per- fectiy harmless. It produces natural, quiet sleep, by relieving the child .from pain, and the little cherut) awakes as bright as a button." It cures wind oolie, and regulates the bowels, gives rest to the mother, and health to the child. It has been 30 years m 1J.6EJ in America, and is now sold in this eountry by &L; j&e principal medicine dealers at Is. lfd, par bofetie.