TOWN Ir _A_ I, I-C. I; BY OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. ¡ Ow iwdws w'ZI understand that we do not hold ourselves respon I sible for our able Correspondent's opinions. THE reckless way in which railways are pro- jected an; sanctioned, more especially in this j metropolis, has led to the destruction of much j valuable property, without adequate compensation to those who happened to carry on business, and j has been productive of much misery where the j dwellings of, the poorer classes have been pulled j down. Nothing seems to stop the career of the '1' iron horse. No sooner does a portion of that great work, the Thames Embankment, approach completion, than it is discovered that an under- ground railway is required, or supposed to be required, from Westminster to the City; hence a great portion of the roadway, which has been reclaimed from the river with so much labour, will have to be cut up again. The Midland Railway Company is digging a tunnel under the graves in old St. Pancras churchyard, and is about to build a high construction on arches over the centre of the burial ground, so that, when completed, the trains will rush past the very windows of the church, and rumble above and below the tombs of the illustrious dead, for in this churchyard lie the mortal remains of many dis- tinguished British and foreign personages. I have alluded to this contemplated cutting up of the Thames Embankment and to this desecration of an old churchyard, because they are the two latest instances of the recklessness of which I am speaking. Under the system by which railways are now "promoted," there is no cer- tainty that they are really required by the public. They are got up by contractors and engineers for the sake of the profit which they are sure to make either out of the actual construction of the line or out of the Parliamentary expenditure connected with passing the bill. Whether the line when made will pay or not, or whether it is wanted by the public or not, are both matters of no import- ance to them, for in either event they are certain to be gainers. Houses are pulled down, roads blockaded, and, in many cases, tradesmen ruined by these contractors' railways. It is, therefore, to be hoped that the Select Committee of the House of Lords, to which Lord Redesdale's proposals for remedying this state of things have been referred, will repert in favour of their adoption. Lord Redesdale simply requires that those who wish to make a new line shall give a substantial guarantee, in the shape of a subscription contract, that it is a solid undertakingjikely to be, on the whole, for the public advantage. AN inquiry-which has just closed-into the condition of the pauper patients in the Strand Workhouse more than confirms all that has been said as to the horrible doings in these places. From the evidence of a paid nurse named Beeton, it appears that the pauper nurses were, and are, so incompetent as to give medicines any hour and at any time to the patients; the patients were covered with lice; the laundresses got drunk on the wine and spirits intended for the sick the soup given to them was made out of the washings of the gruel; the wards were loathsomely offensive; the children's milk was sold to the patients by the nurses at a halfpenny per pint; in consequence of neglect, one man had a sore on his back naif as large as a sheet of foolscap paper; and the wards were so over-crowded that the sick lay wherever they could all over the house. This is a very brief summary of Mrs. Beeton's evidence, as far as possible in her own words. The doctor's testimony was to the same purport. He men- tioned that the only nurses he could obtain for the men's ward was a man who had been a footman, and another man in a chronic consumption. They attended to the sick after a fashion; but for about a month so horrid a state of things prevailed in the ward that Dr. Rogers could not bear to go into the place." He stated that his endeavours to remedy matters brought upon him a great amount of per- sonal antagonism and hostility from the guar- dians. A threat to reduce his salary was held in terrorum over him for a long time. I hear that the statement of the nurse Beeton, which has been in the hands of the Sick Poor Association for some weeks, includes particulars relating to two other workhouses in which she served, which are quite as shocking as anything yet published. A TESTIMONIAL has been presented to Captain Maury, formerly of the United States Navy. It consisted of a purse containiBg upwards of three thousand guineas-one thousand from Holland, another thousand from Russia, and the remainder from other countries. The banquet at which the testimonial was presented took place at Willis's- rooms, Sir John Pakington being in the chair, and a number of other distinguished personages; in- cluding several ambassadors, were present. Captain Maury's wonderful charts of the winds and of the ocean currents have been the means of effecting a saving of from XI,200 or el,300 to each ship of a thousand tons on a voyage to Australia or Cali- fornia and- back. His charts have likewise effected a saving 0U the voyages to Brazil, India, and China; and the great Humboldt said of him that he had discovered a new department of human knowledge, namely, the physical geogra- phy of the sea. The sovereigns of nearly every country in Europe have conferred orders of I knighthood upon him, or struck medals in his spe- cial honour. The English Government alone has failed to recognise his services, which is the re- verse of creditable to ua, seeing that, as the largest shipbuilding country in the world, we have benefited more than othera by his labours and re- searches. A REFbRT on the Meteorological Department of the Board of Trade has been presented to Parlia- ment and here I may remark, parenthetically, that it is to Captain M tiiry's exertions we owe the existence of this department, which under Admiral Fitzroy's superintendence became so well known. The committee recommends the discontinuance of the weather forecasts, and the continuance of the storm warnings; that self-rendering instruments shall be furnished to six meteorological stations in ¡ England, and that the head-quarters of the de- partment shall be at K vvObservatorv, where all ob- I servation?, whether made on land or sea, are to be ¡ sent for th-) purpose of being digested and classi- I Red. Three recommendations will involve an. annual outlay of £ 10,000, but the results which will be attained by a maritime nation like England are not to be represented by any amount of money. IT has been determined to erect a white marble statue of Lord Palmerston beneath a Gothic canopy in front of the Houses of Parliament. Z.
MEETING OF THE ITALIANS IN .LONDON. On Monday night an adjourned meeting of the Italians resident in London was held at Farringdon- hall, Snow-hill; Signor Semenza in the chair. There was a very good attendance of Italians, the hall being quite full. The Chairman said the object of their meeting was to give every Italian in London who, owing to the distance, was not able to be present on the field of battle, an opportunity of aiding, by subscriptions in money, the war of Italian liberation (hear, hear). It was the duty of all Italians to assist in this noble and sacred, object. The motion which he had to submit was, That it is a strict and most sacred duty of every Italian to contribute by every means in his power to the movement of the whole nation for the emancipation of Venice." This was the resolution which he had to submit for their approval, and he was sure it would receive the assent of all. The emancipation of Venetia was a necessity for Italy, and would be a benefit to Europe. It would be a benefit to Italy, because when the Italian nation was constituted in its unity it would banish obscurantism and despotism, and enable Italy to march in the van of civilisation and humanity (cheers). It would benefit Europe, because until Venetia was Italian there could be no solid peace in Europe, and the taxpayers of Europe would be compelled to support 4,000,000 of armed men, as was the case now. They wished to put an end once for all to this state of things. They had an Italian regular army of 460,000 men; 50,000 young men, red- shirted volunteers, had placed themselves under the command of Ga.ribaldi-(enthusiastio ebeers)-90 bat- talions of the National Guard had been mobilised (hear). They had 550,000 men now ready to fight-no mean army (cheers). They had another 100,000 vo- lunteers who had inscribed their names, and another 50,000 National Guards who could be mobilised— 700,000 in all (cheers). Then they had the Italian fleet which, though not equal te those of England and France, was still respectable, and able, he believed, to cope with the Austrians (cheers). They had no de- sire to involve Europe in war, but they wished to see Italy independent and united. Let Italians have courage; let all contribute as best they could to the sacred cause. With the first battle won they would have Venice, and after Venice would come Rome (cheers). Their watchword in the meantimb must be union, con- cord, duty (cheers). Signor Saffi, in seconding the resolution, addressed the meeting in eloquent and stirring language. It was not now a time for words, but for action. Those of them who could not take part in action could at least subscribe. It was impossible for them to live in real peace as long as Venetia was in tha hands of the stranger. Brigandage was encouraged in the south in the interest of the foreigner and the reactionist, but with the first battle gained brigandage would disappear. The Venetian question once resolved, there would no longer be any pretext for violating the peace of Europe. But with Venetia attached to Italy, Italy would put herself at the head of progress and civilisa- tion (hear, hear). Let all then unite in heart and soul, by words and deeds-let all fraternise in this sacred cause, and lay the foundations from which would arise a great nation worthy of its anoient renown (ap- plause) The resolution was put and carried unanimously. Signor Serena proposed a resolution respecting the distribution of the fund, and denied the position that the Austrians had any right to Venice. Venice was made over to Austria by the treaty of Campo Formio. The Italians were not bound by that act of Na. poleon I. Signor Padovani seconded the resolution, and recom- mended that no money should be paid except to per- sons properly authorised to receive it, for he knew that persons had bees collecting money in the name of the committee (hear, hear). Dr. Baggi next addressed the meeting, and handed in a cheque for £20, with a promise of £ 20 more when the first gan was fired (cheers). A very liberal subscription was then entered into. Amongst the subscribers was Signor Chiaves, of Great Windmill-street, who subscribed XIOO, to be thus dis- tributed :-X20 to the first soldier who took a standard from the enemy; X40 to the families of the two first j ¡ soldiets of the commune of Villanova, near Asti, who I might fall on the field of battle; and X40 to the first ten wounded soldiers, of the same commune, who might stand most in need of aid; besides the cost of an outfit to any soldier who distinguished himself by some heroic deed in fight. The meeting was a most enthusiastic one. t | ♦ — |
j Fira on Board a Steamer.—A fire broke out j early on Sunday morning on board the Peninsular and x -Oriental Company's steamer Avoca, lying in South- | ampton Dock, and loading for Alexandria. Assistance was promptly obtained, and the flames were ex tin- f .guished before any damage was done to the vessel, f The fire is supposed to have originated from spoil- j taueous combustion amongst the eoal in one of the f bunkers. The coal in the banker where the fire broke out is being discharged, and will be replaced by fresh f
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. THERE is a general feeling throughout the Continent that war is imminent, and day by day we expect to hear of the first blow being struck. On the one hand the Italians, under Victor Emmanuel, are ready to seize upon Venetia, and on the other hand the Prussians, having entered Holstein, contrary to the treaty with Austria, it is made a casus belli, and already are the Austrian soldiers advancing to do battle. All efforts on the part of the English and French representatives have failed in getting together a Congress which could decide the quarrel without bloodshed. Austria would dictate terms to us, and Prussia treated us with contempt. Thus, both England and France retire from the scene and leave the belligerents to fight their battles as they please, the former Powers taking an entirely neutral stand. All manner of rumours are current-everyone expects to hear of battle, but no one knows where it is to begin. AGAIN the Moldo-Wallachian provinces are pre- paring for war. According to a treaty made with Turkey, they may elect a Sovereign of their own, but he must be a native of one of the Principali- ties. The Roumanians, however, who persuaded their former Sovereign, Prince Couza, to abdicate, chose a foreign prince to rule over them, without permission of the Porte. The Turkish Govern- ment objected to the election, but the people of the Principalities stuck to their king, and placed him at the head of 30,000 men. At the same time the Sultan has sent his celebrated general, Omer Pasha, with a large army to punish the Moldo- Wallachians for their disobedience, and to take possession of the Principalities. A MINISTERIAL crisis has been anticipated in South Australia which threatened the colony with much unpleasant news. In consequence of differences in the Legislative Assembly in Vic- toria no Act could be passed into law. The last mail, however, brings us the information that all ill-feeling has terminated and matters are going on smoothly. The Governor of Victoria, who is much respected, was voted a sum of 6C25,000 to allow him to visit England this summer. THE Emperor Maximilian is in anything but an enviable position in Mexico; rebellion all around him and a bankrupt exchequer are of them- selves sufficient to put thorns in any crown. It is now rumoured that his Imperial Majesty has demanded a heavy loan from France under the threat that if he does not obtain it he will abdi- cate the Mexican throne. It is said that the French Emperor has refused this demand, and that Maximilian will carry out his threat of abdi- cation, and return to Europe, with no kindly feel- ings towards Louis Napoleon. WE are sorry to hear that the rinderpest has made its appearance at a third place in Ireland, but the authorities have in this, as in former instances, adopted the most energetic measures to repress the outbreak, and it is to be hoped they will be thoroughly successful in their proceedings. In England the weekly returns exhibit a regular and rapid decrease, and we hope ere long the disease will be stamped out" altogether. THE great trial, in which Mrs. Ryves, alias Princess Olive, a granddaughter of the late Duke of Cumberland, is plaintiff, and in which she seeks to establish her legitimacy and claim of relation- ship to the Royal family, has occupied the Probate Court for several days recently. The petitioner is a lady-like person, with features strongly re- sembling the portraits of the last generation of the Royal family, and during her severe and pro- tracted examination she conducted herself with remarkable ease and self-possession. IN London a large meeting of Italians resident in England has been held to express sympathy with their countrymen, who were about to make an effort to drive the Austrians out of Venetia. Re- solutions were passed agreeing to raise subscrip- tions for the assistance of the wounded. Every gentleman then assembled expressed himself desirous of subscribing for this object, and several hundred pounds were promised in the room. A meeting of Italian workmen was afterwards held, and a number of names were given in of persons desirous of making weekly subscriptions for this object. TWELVE months ago a ticket-of-leave man, with two other men, were found guilty, by a London jury, of sacrilege at Pimlico, and was sentenced to seven years' penal servitude. His innocence, however, being satisfactorily established, he was released from Millbank. The man came before the Westminster Police-court a few days ago, to thank Mr. Selfe, the magistrate of the court, for procuring his release; at the same time he com- plained of the difficulty of getting an honest liveli- hood with a bad character attaching to him. He said the struggle he had to wage was getting hopeless, because the police pointed him out, and prevented him from obtaining employment. The magistrate said it was very wrong for them to do so, and he hoped it TTould be no longer practised. At the same time, being out late at night, which he understood v-as practice of the released prisoner, often led j., suspicions which, perhaps, were unfounded. V • best way for a man to restore his cha,ract o keep good hours, and spend his evenings .>me. IT will be remembered that a short time ago a middle-aged lady charged a London dentist with assaulting her in a railway carriage on the London and North-Westera Railway, and that he was brought before a magistrate and honourably acquitted. He then obtained a warrant against the woman for perjury, and she was brought before the magistrates at the Marylebone Police-court, charged with this offence. According to the dentist's evidence, it would appear that the female made advances to him which he did not take advantage of, and when he got to Easton-square Station he ran to catch a City train, was followed by one of the company's servants, when he heard the charge for the fii-at time. He unfortunately gave a false name, or. the spur of the moment," | because he argued that in a matter of this kind he j wished to avoid exposure. The female is com- j mitted for trial, and the magistrate refused to j admit her to bail. It becomes now a serious matter j in travelling to choose your companion; if you are alone with a thief he may rob, or perhaps murder I you; and if with a female, she may blast your character without any pretence for doing so. THE Reform Bill is getting on very slowly; Mr. Gladstone has to submit to a most determined op- position at every stage, and passing the clauses through committee is a most tedious affair. The I complete bill cannot be passed this session; there are rumours that the Government will have an autumnal session, as the ordinary business of Par- liament cannot be completed by September, and members of Parliament will not be detained in London for the first few weeks of the shooting season.
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE AND THE ITALIAN ARMY. The Florence correspondent of the Daily News, writing on the 8th, says "I have just seen a letter written by Florence Nightingale to the Cavaliere Sebastiano Fenzi, one of the committee for organising a system of volunteer assistance to the hospital depart- ment of the army. It contains-set forth with admir- able lucidity—the results of her experience on the matters in question, obtained in the Crimea and other- wise. And all this part of her letter, invaluable as it is to the Italians, it is not necessary to reproduce here. But the conclusion of it, which truly falls like* balm on the minds of these people, excoriated as they have lately been by the ungenerous strictures, and lectur- ings, and abuse of the English press, well deserves to be quoted. Thus far,' writes Miss Nightingale, I have given dry advice as drily as I could. But you must permit me to say that if there is anything I could do for you at any time, and you would command me, I should esteem it the greatest honour and pleasure. I am a hopeless invalid, entirely a prisoner to my room, and overwhelmed with business. Otherwisehowgladlywould I answer to your call, and come to do my little best for you in the dear city where I was born. If the giving my miserable life could bastes your success but by half an hour how gladly would I give it. But you will not want for success, or for martyrs, or for volunteers, or for soldiers. Oar old general, Lord Clyde (he is dead now), was standing at the port of Balaclava when, eleven years ago, the Italian Bersagliere were landing; and he turned round and said to his companion (a man high in office), "I wish to hide my face-I blush for ourselves when I see the perfect way in which those glorious troops are brought up to their work." And what have not the Italians done since, in these eleven years ? The work almost of eleven centuries, I, too, remember the Italian (Sardinian) hospitals on the heights of Balaclava, and their admirable govern- ment; and since then what has Dot the progress been ? I wish you God spped with my whole heart, and beg that you will believe me, sir, your ever faithful servant, 'FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE. Cavaliere Sebastiano Fenzi, Florence.' "I think (adds the correspondent) that it would gratify the writer in her sick room if she could have seen the emotion excited by the reading of this letter at Florence."
INTELLIGENCE. WAR ITEMS. VIENNA, JUNE 12. It is officially announced that the Imperial Govern- ment has determined to break off diplomatic relations with Prussia in consequence of the violation of the Vienna treaty and the Gastein Convention, arising from the entry of the Prussians into Holstein, and their assumption of the entire administrative power in both Duchies. Orders have been already dispatched to Count Karolyi to leave Berlin immediately. BERLIN, JUNE 12. The Austrian ambassador at this court has received orders from his Government, by telegraph, to leave Berlin. He will take his departure at eleven to-morrow evening. FLORENCE, JUNE 12. Intelligence received here from Venetia states that the Vienna Cabinet has dismissed the remonstrances of the Central Congregation of Venice against the forced Joan, end has ordered the immediate execution of the law. COMO, JUNE 12. Garibaldi has arrived here from Camerlata, and has been enthusiastically received by the authorities as well as the people, the army, and the volunteers. ALTONA, JUNE 12, NOON. The Prussians entered this city and its vicinity at half past ten o'clock this morning. All the Austrian troops have evacuated Holstein and have marched towards Harburg. The Duke of Aagustenburg left yesterday evening, and General von Gablenz early this morning. Last night a crowd of the lower classes created a disturbance before the barracks, which had been occupied by the police. Some companies of Austrians, who were evacuating the town, had to be recalled to disperse the populace. The citizens and police have undertaken to main- tain tranquillity, which has cow been completely restored. LETTER OF THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON. PARIS, JUNE 12. In the Corps Legislatif to-day M. Rouher read a letter from the Emperor Napoleon to M. Drouyn de l'Huys, in which his Majesty, after detailing the efforts made, in common with England and Russia, to prevent an armed conflict, says: !lad the con- ference assembled my Government would have declared that France repudiated all idea of territorial aggran- disement so long as the European equilibrium remained undisturbed. France could only think of an extension of her frontiers in the event of the map of Europe being altered to the profit of a great Power, and of the bordering provinces expressing, by a formal and free vote, their desire for annexation. In the absence of these circumstances the French Government prefers to any territorial acquisition a good understanding with its neighbours, resulting from its respect for their inde- pendence and their nationality (cheers). We should have desired for the Germanic Confederation a position more worthy of its importance, for Prussia, better geographi- cal boundaries, for Austria the maintenance of her great position in Europe after the cession of Venetia to Italy in exchange for territorial compensation. The conference has failed. Will France be led to draw the sword? The French Government thinks not. Whatever may be the result of the war which may break out, ilio question affecting us will be resolved without the assent of Franee. France, therefore, will continue to observe an attentive neutrality, confident in her right and calm in her strength." (Cheers.) M. Rouher Aaid-" I think that after this declaration the Corps Legislatif will understand tHe inadvisability of a debate upon the affairs of Germany and Italy (shouts of "Yes, yes"). MM. Thiers, Faure, Alfred, and Leroux endeavoured to prevent the closing of the debate, but the subject was declared to be closed by 202 against 34 votes, and tne Chamber passed to the vote on the amended budget, which was adopted by 232 against 18 votes. The sitting then terminated. INVASION OF CANADA BY THE FENIANS. NEW YORK, JUNE 2. A body of Fenians crossed Niagara River on Thurs- day night, and captured Fort Erie, a small village near Buffalo. The Canadian troops have marched I against them. It is reported that an engagement took place this morning at Ridgeway, between the Fenians and the Canadian volunteers. The result is unknown. j The Federal troops are moving towards the frontier in order to preserve neutrality. I NEW YORK, JUNE, EVENING. The Fenians have entrenched themselves in the village of Fort Erie, three miles from Buffalo. At eight o'clock this morning the Canadian Volunteers attacked them, but were forced to fall back. There were a number of killed and wounded on both sides. I Several regiments of regulars are moving to attack the Fenians, and it is expected will capture the whole force. AMERICA. NEW YORK, MAY 30. The Senate have unanimously struck out the section of the constitutional amendment proposed by the Re- construction Committee, disfranchising rebels until 1870. The House of Representatives has passed by 96 to 32 votes the bill to amend and continue in force the Freedmen's Bureau. The House has also passed two bills reducing the rates for the collection of the in- ternal revenue. The Freedmen's Courts in Tennessee have been 1 abolished. j'. In consequence of a report that the trial of Mr. Davis would be postponed until November, his council ¡ have declared their determination in case of such post- ponement to insist en his release on bail, which they have agreed to furnish to the extent of ten million dollars. j Great lawlessness exists in the interior of Texas. I A riot has occurred at Quincey, Florida, originating in an attempt on the part of some negroes to rescue a prisoner. Several persons were killed and wounded. Thirteen parishes of Louisiana have been inundated f by floods from the crevasses of the Mississippi River. General Wing field Scot died yesterday, j Intelligence from New Brunswick announces that the elections are progressing in favour of con- 1 federation. The steamer Union, from Liverpool, arrived yester- day at the New York quarantine. Thirty deaths from cholera had occurred on board during her passage. 'I It is reported that the Fenians in Cincinnati are organising a raid on Canada, and that 400 Fenians, I carrying colours, and commanded by officers carrying side arms, passed through Cleveland yesterday, going eastward. Numerous circles throughout the country have reeognised the authority of Stephens, who is said to be in daily receipt of large sums of money- Fenian ciroles are being organised in Nashville. THE AUSTRIAN REPLY TO COUNT BIS. MARCK'S CIRCULAR. I VIENNA, JUNE 11, EVENING. Count Mensdorff, Austrian Minister for Foreign Affairs, haa addressed a declaration to Count Karolyi, dated the 9th, replying to the statements m the Prus- siau circular dispatch of the 4th mst. The Austrian g^yg Count Bismarck has considered himself allowed to attack the truth of the words we have spoken in the Federal. Diet. This attempt will not succeed, for the proofs of what we have said are but too well remem- be red by all. They weigh heavily against the Cabinet of Berlin; and not only in Austria, but also in non- Prussian Germany, the voice of the public conscience is universally in unison with our own. Even in Prussia there are many truthful independent minds to whose judgment, we could appeal with full con- fidence." re Count Mensdorff goes on to mention the recent pro- ceedings of Prussia m Holstein, and enters a solemn protest against the statements with which it has been attempted to justify these proceedings. He de- clines, on the part of the Austrian Government, all and every responsibility for the serious consequences of the Prussian decision by which the conflict is hence- forth consip.Ined to the domain of facts, and proceeds to prove that, since its dispatch of the 26th January, 1866, the Prussian Government has, both by word and deed and without lawful ground, taken up a position in. the Duchies which has rendered utterly precarious the condition of possession settled by the Gastein Convention. Austria," continues Count Mensdorff, respected, nevertheless, the settlement of the possession of the Dachies. She did aofc give notice of withdrawal from bhe Gastein Convention, and wonldhave allowed the pro- visoriumestablished by that convention to remain undis- turbed until the Diet should have given its decision. Prussia, by marching troops into Holstein, completes èle facto on her side the violation of the Gastein Con- vention, and our protest is grounded upon the fact of Prussia having proceeded to acts of self-redress and of her having violated, by the occupation of Holstein, not only her treaty relations with Austria,, but also Article 11 of the German Federal Pact. She has, moreover, thereby brought about the state or things contemplated by Article 19 of the final Act of Vienna." In conclusion, Count Mensdorff reserves to the Im- perial Government the right of taking such steps and resolutions as may be found necessary, since nothing remains for Austria but to take steps for defending her honour and guarding her rights from being treated with contempt. DEPARTURE OF GARIBALDI. GENOA, JUNE 11. Garibaldi arrived here last night from Caprera, and will set out at five p.m. to-day direct for Como. PRUSSIAN ULTIMATUM TO AUSTRIA. BERLIN, JUNE 11. The Prussian Government is preparing to send an ultimatum to Vienna calling upon Austria to retract the declaration made on the 1st of June by her repre- sentative, at the Federal Diet, relative to the question of the Duchies. BERLIN, JUNE 11, EVENING. The reply of Austria, dated June 9, to the Prussian circular dispatch of the 3rd has been received here to-day. The form of the note and its contents are looked upon as nearly approaching to a declaration of war. The withdrawal of the Prussian and Austrian Ambassadors is expected to take place at any moment. VIENNA, JUNE 11. The Neue Freie Presse of this evening publishes in- telligence from Cracow, stating that the management of the Warsaw-Cracow Railway have received orders to have everything in readiness for the conveyance of 100,000 Russian troops. DISPERSION OF THE HOLSTEIN ESTATES BY GENERAL VON MANTEUFFEL. ITZEHOE, JUNE 11. The assembly of the Holstein Estates was dispersed to-day by General von Manteuffel. Herr Hoffmann, the Austrian Civil Adlatus, was received here with great enthusiasm, and returned to Altona after the dissolution of the Estates. General von Manteuffel is advancing. He reached Pinneberg to-day, and will arrive before Altona to-morrow. Herr Lesser, the Holstein Government commissioner, was arrested last night, and conveyed to Rendsburg. The Austrian Kalik brigade will cross the Elbe to-night, remaining at Harburg to-morrow, and proceeding thence to Bohemia. HAMBURG, JUNE 11, EVENING. Hanover has given permission for the Austrian Kalik brigade to pass through her territory, and to make use of the Hanoverian lines of railway. The brigade will enter Hamburg to-night. THREATENED ABDICATION OF THE EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN. VIENNA, JUNE 11, EVENING. The Presse publishes naws from Paris, stating that the Emperor of Mexico had requested financial assist- ance from France, declaring his intention to abdicate unless such assistance were afforded. The French Government, it is added, had resolved to refuse this demand, and instructed Marshal Bazaine to institute a fresh plebiscitum in case the Emperor Maximilian should carry out his intention of abdicating. PROCLAMATION OF GENERAL MANTEUFFEL RENDSBURG, JUNE 10. General von Manteuffel has issued a proclamation to the Holsteiners to-day. He orders that all politioal societies are to be dissolved, and suspends the publica- tion of all political newspapers unprovided with legal authorisation until such authorisation be granted. The General proceeds to announce that the Holstein Government which had been appointed by the Austrian authorities is dissolved. Baron' Scheel-Plessen assumes the civil administration as Chief President of both Duchies under the authority of the highest mili- tary power, with residence at Kiel. FRANCE AND THE IMPENDING WAR. PARIS, JmstE 8. The Constitutionnel of this morning position of Franee is not changed by late events. France continues as before to hold aloof from the conflict. She has formed no engagements, and will preserve all her liberty of action. Whether war breaks out or not she wifl not fail to exercise French influence anew in favour of peace whenever an oppor- tunity may offer. France would only take an active part in events if imperative circumstances should render it a duty for the defence of the national honour or interests. ABANDONMENT OF THE CONFERENCE. BERLIN, JUNE 5. The French Government has informed the Prussian Cabinet that in consequence of the reservations made by Austria the project for holding a Conference must be abandoned, and the settlement of the existing diffi- calties left to the three Powers at variance. PARIS, JUNE 5. The Constitutionnel of this morning says:—We know already the impression produced in London and St. Petersburg by the Austrian reply to the invitation to a Conference. It was immediately asked, not with- out reason, what advantage could be expected from a Conference, if Austria persisted in her present deter- mination. According to the reservations made by that Power two questions would disappear from the programme. We deeply regret the attitude assumed by the Vienna Cabinet. Without doubt each Power regards its interest from its own point of view, but it appears to us that Europe had a right to expect other determinations from a great Conservative power. LONDON, JUNE 5. The Express of this evening observesWith the abandonment of the Congress, now officially announced, the frail thread, by which the friends of humanity still clung to the hope of peace, has been snapped, and from one moment to another the announcement of actual conflict may be published to the world. The preparations for war appear to be nearly completed on all sides, and armed men are either marching or accu- mulatingwIth hostile intent in all the Continental nations ot Europe. With such explosive materials brought together, and with the interests and passions which may kindle them into a blaze, ready at hand, the most ardent enthusiast for peace can hardly hope Preservation for any length of time. The excited state of Italy is known to all, and the appearance of Garibaldi on the Italian continent is naomeatarily expected. His son Menotti, who had landed from Caprera, at Leghorn, with dispatches and communications from his father, returned at once to Caprera, accompanied by Signor Albanese, who is the confidential medium of communication between the King and the General. THE SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN QUESTION. VIENNA, MONDAY, NOON. Prussia has informed Austria that in consequence of her having referred the Holstein question to the Bund the Gastein Convention becomes invalid, and Prussian troops will enter into Holstein. The Austrian brigade Kalik has received orders to retire to Altona. ¡, AUSTRIA. VIENNA, JUNE 4. According to the Vienna papers of to-day, Prussia will (ftclare that the Federal Diet is incompetent to accede to the Austrian proposal in reference to, Schleswig-Holstein, and will summon Austria to abandon her intention of taking the steps announced by her in the last sitting of the Diet. Prussia, more- over, is said to have resolved to look upon non- compliance with the summons as a casus belli.
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