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HISTORY and MANAGEMENT op…

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HISTORY and MANAGEMENT op HOBSES. (Continued froon iVo. 140.) GALLOWAYS AND PONIES. The Galloways derive their names from a dis- trict, 111 the South of Scotland. So much esteemed were they at one time that the Scottish monarchs resisted their exportation." Tradition says they have originated from some Span horses which swam ashore from the of the Spanish Arma- da,, in the of Queen Ehza.beti 1 is astont compact horse, .seldom more than 14 hands high, ofabay color, small head and neck. It is noted, for speed and sure-footedness, but they, are seldom found now. Some smdll horses from Wales and the New Forest are often sold for Galloways. Galloways have performed prodigious work. -In 1754 one went 100 miles a-day for 3 days over the Newmarket course. In Carlisle, a Galloway be- longing to a Mr. Sinclair, of Kirby-Lonsdale, per- formed 1000 miles in a 1000 hours. SHETLAND PONY. A horse is- called a, pony when under the height of 13 hands—4 inches to the- hand. The Sheltie averages from 7 to 8 hands high. They are very strong for their size one of them,. 9 hands, carried a man 12 stones weight 40 miles ii one day. It has been disputed whether the pony and the larger breed of horses are. from the origma.1 stock. Tiicy may have one origin, and. c1 i i and food may have made.the change.The.,e>uetues are supposed to have been introduced from Scandinavia when the Norwegians'and Danes nrst obtained a footing in tlfese parts. Tiie power of endurance in these ponies is great. We read of one going a. distance of 172 miles in 23 hours and 20 minutes. During the drawing of the Irish lottery the expresses from Holyhead. to London were chiefly carried by ponies at the rate of 20'miles an hour. Shelties often measure no more than 30 inches, but a. pony was presented to the Queen, from the East, only 6- hands high. There is some contrast between diminutive creatures and the breed of coach liorsc,,s cultivated by desire of George IV., of which often reached 18 hands high. A horse was exhibited in 1845, 2 hands high,. j. In Ireland there is also a small breed of horses called Hobbies; they are of good form and very strong They were formerly in much esteem, so great, indeed, was the mania. for them, that their name became afterwards proverbially, applied to any object for which an individual might have a great affection—"it is his hobby" is a well-known expression. TBOTTIKG HOUSES. Before leaving the description of the different kinds of horses it may not be out of the place, to give a few words on the Trotting horse. The most .celebrated in England have been bred in Norfolk and Suffolk. The noted mare Phenomenon," which trotted 17 miles in 56 minutes, was bred in one of the above districts. The Americans have long been celebrated for Trotting-horses. In Ame- rica the trot is the only pace that is valued. One of these,perhaps the most remarkable was Tom Thumb, he trotted 100 miles in 9 hours the stoppages on the road occupied 37 minutes of this time. Silvertad was another of these extraordinary horses, lie trotted 1B| miles in the hour when 28 years old. .L_>

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