TOWN TALK. j ^by oua apaciAL cosaasBONDaNT, Ow re«dm will unbars? <7, n.3 thatwe do not hold ourselves VityQft- sibUfor our able Correspondent's opinions. WHEN, towards the middle of August, one says that London is out of town, he speaks entirely from a fashionable point of view. He ignores the greatBr number of those who do the business of the world-the mechanic, the clerk, the small shopkeeper, the literary man without a sou. He thinks only of the splendours of the West-end, of the brilliant cavalcades of Rotten-row, and of the well-dressed crowds who love to press along the Serpentine. And when at this time a corre- spondent informs his readers that London is show- » ing signs of life, he has precisely the same places and people in his eye. He means that the "season'* begins to put in an appearance; that cards are being issued; that the hearts of young beauties arefluttering as the period approaches when they are to be "broughtout;" that fashion- able young fellows are speculating on the impres- sion this or that young lady will make 5 that the scandals of a dozen watering-places are spoken of and compared; that those splendid creatures, the footmen, are to be seen, in all their glory of plush, in the neighbourhood of St. James's; and that, in common with a host of fashionables, male and female, he has flung about his shoulders the mud as, bestriding a ten-shilling hack, he galloped along the lady's mile." Perhaps I am making him too much a man of the world. Perhaps, after all, he belongs to those forlorn beings whose greatest pride is to talk to some equestrian over the rails. THE loss of the London has tinged with gloom the feelings of the most thoughtless and light- hearted. It has been discussed with becoming earnestness at hall-dinners, at clubs, and coffee- rooms. The conduct of Captain Martin, calm and heroic as it was, is spoken of in the terms it deserves. Nor have I heard any person worth attending to echo the opinion of one of the leading journals, that Captain Martin was to blame for leaving Plymouth at the time he did. There is no doubt that the barometer tells when a gale is approaching; but the gale may be ten days off, and it may be only two days. But storm signals were up along the coasts. True; butthese signals leave the sailor in exactly the same position in regard to the time that may elapse before the gale approaches. A timid captain would not long keep an important appointment. I have heard it said that ic looked very badly to have sixteen of the crew saved and only three passengers; but in justice it must be said, that probably few of the passengers could be got to go into the boat, and men of experience and courage could alone manage it at such a time. Fears are entertained as to the Atrato. The principal evidence from which her losdT is inferred is a notice board which has been picked up, and which is supposed to have belonged to her saloon. The argument of Cap- tain Vincent, that had the Atrato been lost, some of the oars, spars, &c., would have been found, is worthy of every consideration. At Lloyd's the impression that she is lost is very strong. She contained 126 passengers, amongst whom were Mr. Russell Gurney, Mr. Maule, and Mr. Home Payne. On Sunday the Rev. Newman Hall deli- vered, at St. James's-hall, an eloquent address on the loss of the London. THERE has been a correspondence between the Poor-law Board and Sir Richard Mayne, with the object of getting police officers to inspect the casual wards. This plan has been adopted at Poplar with the following results:—In the month of November, under the ordinary supervision, there were 1,821 men, women, and children admitted, 28 of whom were convicted for tearing up their clothes. Whereas in December, with police for inspectors, there were but 580 in all, only one of whom was convicted for having broke up." Mr. Collins, the clerk, mentions the case of a boy who applied for admittance. The police knew him and had him taken to his parents. Statistics are pro- verbially deceptive. The above are not of much value, seeing that the wards in the other workhouses were being worked on the old system. The police may keep thieves and pickpockets away; but if even these die of hunger or cold in the streets the objects of the Houseless Poor Act will have been defeated. One thing is clear—paid men, and not paupers, are needed to superintend the wards, to prevent card-playing, swearing-clubs, and other abominations. MR. ISAACS deserves great credit for his motion —that the corporation should build houses for the poor, now that so many of their dwellings have gone down before railway aggressiveness. On Saturday Dr. Lankester held an inquest on a child that died, beyond doubt, from the poisoned atmosphere it had to breathe; and this, too, in Russell-place, in the neighbourhood of Russell- square The landlord very feelingly, and with an admirable sense of his own responsibility, told the parents, when they complained of the closet, that they might leave if they didn't like the place. When will landlords cease to have the right of keeping poison factories ? Whoever the landlord of this house in Russell-place may be, there is, morally speaking, a clear case of constructive murder against him. "WE are going to have a glorious Session." There will be some splendid speaking." To hear Disraeli answer Gladstone, and then Bright answer him, by Jove!" Such are among the thousand expressions of enthusiasm that may be heard on every side, and not merely from young men either. Many ladies are just as full of poli- tical fervour, and speak of our side," and dwell with rapture on their favourite hero, Disraeli or Gladstone, displaying as much earnestness as the lady politicians on whose patches Addison flashed his delicate but immortal wit. You are aware that a deputation from the Reform League waited upon Earl Russell last week; they were introduced by Mr. Edmond Beale. The members of the depu- tation were determined to give Earl Russell quite enough of speaking. The noble lord had to stop one or two of them in consequence of an j important engagement." The important thing j in regard to this deputation is, that in his reply Earl,Russell has definitely committed him- self and his Government to bring in a Reform I Bill, and to stand or fall by it. There can be no J doubt—especially remembering Earl Russell's j remark to another deputation on the redistribution f of seats-that the bill will correspond to that which Mr. Bright sketched in his recent speeches. Either the Government have been led by Mr. Bright (as its enemies say), or Mr. Bright has been in communication with the Government, and spoke on these occasions according to his brief.
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. THE news which we have just received from the United States is rather of a serious character in regard to France. The occupation of Mexico by Maximilian, contrary to the will of the majority of the people, has been argued in the American Congress, and Mr. Seward, on the part of the, President, has entered into a correspondence with the French Government, which may lead to un- satisfactory results. It was at first intimated to France that she should withdraw her troops, as they interfered with the liberty of the subject. Napoleon then proposed that the troops should retire if the Washington Government would re- cognise Maximilian; this, Mr. Seward answered, was impracticable. In succeeding letters the French Government is assured that it is placing the friendly relations between the two countries in jeopardy by continuing to keep French troops in Mexico. Further correspondence only appeared to make the breach wider; and lastly, the House 0f Representatives requested the President to take steps in reference to the adop- tion by Maximilian of ason of Iturbide. Our readers may have forgotten that Maximilian has recently adopted this child, contrary to the wishes of his mother, he being the legitimate heir of the last Sovereign of Mexico. This act is considered by the United States Government as one of child- stealing. The conciliatory language, however, used in the Emperor's Speech at the opening of the French Chambers, will,, we hope, have a salu- tary effect; and, moreover, arrangements having been made, he tells us, for the withdrawal of the French troops from Mexico, there will no longei remain a grievance. WE have seen an account from Captain Maury, a Minister in Maximilian's Government, inviting English emigrants to select that locality above all others for a prosperous settlement. We would warn our readers from believing this. The country is a prey to guerillas, and a settler has worse to fear from the Mexicans than from the most savage tribes of the prairies of America. Captain Maury is doubtless doing his duty to the Emperor o Mexico, but he has no consideration for English humanity when he invites them to such inhospit- able shores; and we trust our countrymen will not be deceived by the glowing but false colours in which Captain Maury indulges in reference to the happy, position of an emigrant there. The so- called Emperor of this vast State, where regions of wealth are supposed to dwell, is himself an humble supplicant to the French Government for a million and a half sterling to keep his exchequer from ruin. As for civilisation and cultivation in the large tract of country called Mexico, it is, to say the least, very improbable at the present moment, when a guerilla band is waiting either to receive the traveller or peunce upon the settler. ON home politics we shall say little, because rumours are not always facts, and we know little for fact at present. Parliament will soon meet, and we can wait with patience to hear the Queen's Speech, and to see Earl Russell's new Reform Bill. Deputations have failed to gather from the noble Premier what are the principal features of the latter. That it will extend the franchise we are assured, but how far we have yet to learn. ONE great topic of the last few days has been the calamities at sea consequent upon the late storm; and although, at other times, the loss of the Royal Albert, from Calcutta to London, in which every soul is supposed to have perished; also the total loss of the Amalia, of Liverpool-one of the new line of steamers established in connection with a. new route to India in the Bay of Biscay, the passengers and crew, however, being saved, would have been thought ter- rible disasters, they are all eclipsed in the tragic accounts of the loss of the London emigrant ship almost on our very shores. 270 souls all hurried into eternity with one engulfment, and this in sight of sixteen of the crew and three passengers, who miraculously es- caped in a boat, some of whom have given us the melancholy details. E very mind must have formed its own picture of the scene—the parents silently awaiting death with their dear children nestled around them—the calm resignation of nearly all on board-the manly captain, not flinching from his duty to the last-the veteran actor, brave in the hour of peril, leaning thoughtfaland reflecting on the swaying door-the clergyman ministering earnestly and zealously the comforts of religion, and seeking to turn the minds of all in the few moments of their lives to hope in the future, and trust in an Almighty forgiveness. It is a sad but grand picture. It is one, too, which, notwith- standing all the sorrow it causes us to read, is hot unaccompanied by the proud reflection that our countrymen have honoured the nation by their glorious bravery, and the calmness and Christian piety of their death. We may feel assured, from the display of these virtues, that the people of Eng- land have in them the fitness for all grand worldly actions and situations, accompanied by a simple piety which shows them worthy of the name of Christians. We cannot rebuke the captain for sailing in such tempestuous weather. The winds and waves must be dared and conquered by those who would have the character of intrepid sailors, and give a name to their vessels for speed and success. An eminent engineer has said that the London would have been safe had the hatch- way resisted the power of the waves, and that all emigrant vessels should have the hatchways and bunkers secure against the force of any wave. We I trust sincerely that all shipowners will turn their attention to this remedy against shipwreck. THE cattle plague is still extending throughout the length and breadth of England, and no certain remedy has yet been found to save the animala' lives. Upwards of 9,000 per week fall victims to this malady; it has become a most serious matter, j Vaccination has been suggested, bat the results have not shown anything important at present, j This fearful plague wiU doubtless occupy the afcten- tion of Parliament at the earliest opportunity, and it is probable some blame will be attached to Government that during a long vacation, when the Government that during a long vacation, when the disease was obtaining a mastery over us, more prompt measures were not taken to find a remedy. IT is astonishing what one man can do in a just cause. Of course, every one has read the graphic description of a visit to the Lambeth Workhouse, given in the Pall-mall Gazette. The writer-a gen- tIeman-went through all that a pauper would have to endure, and he has shown us that the workhouse system is rotten to the core. The poor wretches who seek casual relief suffer more than j the felon in his prison cell; the hardened villain j only is happy under such treatment. The honest, suffering pauper, who seeks relief for one night that .1 he may work for food next day, is packed amongst a lot of the greatest ruffians in the world, and 1 suffers more indignities than a felon would have to endure. The writer spoke truth, and the Poor- law Commissioner was bound to admit it; and his visit, so well portrayed, has been taken notice of not only by a Poor-law Commissioner but by her Majesty's Government; and Sir George Grey and Sir Richard Mayne have each visited the abode of the desolate to see what means can be taken for the better preservation of order and to lessen the sufferings of the honest poor. New regulations are about to be introduced which, we hope, will lessen the pangs of want and discri- minate between the criminal and the desolate. THE Fenian trials are going on in Dublin slowly though firmly. It is believed that the Commis- sioners will have to sit until the second week in February. The search for Stephens, the "head centre," has hitherto been fruitless, although many suppose that he is still in Dublin. Two American Fenians were captured last week in Bel- fast, and it is reported that several other arrests will follow. A SCOTCH paper asserts that nine of the jury- men who tried the case of Mrs. Yelverton v. the Saturday Review have signed a declaration to the effect that they gave a verdict under a misappre- hension of the law, that they feel they have done Mrs. Yelverton an injustice, and that they would now give a verdict in her favour. Whether this poor, unfortunate lady shall now decide, under these circumstances, in pushing her claim for a new trial, we know not, but we should be very glad to hear the last of it, and bury the facts in oblivion. A GREAT deal is said about Bishop Colenso at the present moment. He has returned to the Cape of Good Hope, and has received deputations com- plimenting him- upon his conduct; at the same time his Metropolitan, the Bishop of Cape Town, is said to be taking active steps towards repudiat- ing him. In conjunction with his synod, he is about to offer to Bishop Colenso, that his judgment against him shall be revised by the Archbishop of Canterbury, or by the Bishops of the United Church, but by no lay authority, and if he refuses this trial he shall not continue to exercise his functions as a bishop. BEFORE we conclude, let us. offer one word of advice to speculators against investing in bubble companies that are springing up on all sides. The petitions for winding up new companies, the City Press says, have become of late so numerous, that the Master of the Rolls is in fear of having his chambers choked up by this kind-of business;' and yet, with the full knowledge of this fact, and in spite of the prevailing opinion that companies are in some cases actually started in order to be wound up, I every golden bubble that is blown draws round it j a crowd of eager wealth-seekers, who, in their anxiety to become rich at a bound, imitate the dog in the fable, and throw away the money they have with the vain hope of grasping the shadowy fortunes with which, the cunningly-set traps are baited by the knowing ones.
STRIKES. Strike of the Potters.in ;p;r;11yBhir& The whole of.tho potters employed at the Brampton ? 1 Potteries, near Chesterfield, turned out on strike, on Monday, thus closing all the works. The dispute arose as follows:—The men; demanded, some time back, an increase in their wages for the manufacture of certain articles in the trade. The masters, at a meeting ls^at week, decided to increase the wages for pots one penny per score, butthe men refuse to accept this unless a certain class: of earthenware, oilled twelves ".was included in the wage list for spaaller pots, which is higher than that for large sines. This alteration would make a difference or fourpence per, score in favour of the men, and consequently greatly increase the expenses of the masters. The masters re- fused to make the concession, and a strike has been made by the men, with the view to compel the masters to come to their terms. Trade just now is remarkably good:, and the men have tail en advantage of it. Bramp- ton is celebrated for the manufacture of glazed earthen- ware, the Brampton clay beillgthoulyclay tMt will itake the well-known "salt■' glazr- which is the characteristic of brown .earthenware. 1 Strike of Miners in Scotland. A monster meeting of the miners of the county of Ayr was held in the Theatre, Kilmarnocls, :on Friday. The objects of the meeting wora to resolve in favour of the short-time mofem'ent.ltd'supportthe Stevenston men now on strike, and to promote a general union of miners throughout Scotland. Bands of miners came from all the surrounding districts, and Messrs. Pickard, Brown, Normansell, and M'Donald were pre- sent. On the previous day the miners, at a meeting at Glasgow, had adopted resolutions in favour of the reduction of the time of lalfbur to eight hours a day, P,nd of commencing the" restrictive system "on the 15th of February. The administration of the law for the regulation of the mines in Scotland was also con- demned, and a memorial to the Home Secretary, em- bodying the complaints of the miners, was resolved upon. A committee was also appointed to frame the draft constitution of .a national organisation of the Scottish miners. The Ayr meeting adopted the same resolutions. At both meetings the delegates from the English districts spoke enthusiastically of the effects of the combinations in their districts. I Strike Movement near Leeds. A mass meeting of miners from Morley, Gildersome, Birstall, and Drighlington, was held oh the open ground opposite to the Spread Eagle Inn, Gildersome- street, Leeds, on Monday, to consider the wage ques- tion. The collieries represented included Morley Main, Balaklava (Bedford's two pits), Bruntcliffie (Halliday's two pits), Soothill (two pits), Drighlington Coal Com- pany (three pits), the Oakwell pit; Asquith's pits, at Birk'Well'; Critchley and Greaves' two pits, at West. gate Hill; and others. Mr. Scott occupied the chair, and several miners addressed the meeting rlnrlng the course of the proceedings. It would appear from the discussion, that two delegatea each, from the thirteen pits in the district, waited on Monday week upon the masters at their own offices, and asked for ad. per tun advance upon the-advance conceded by the employers last September. When the coalooner's gave their men the 2d. per ton advance in September, that the same time raised the price of coal to the public in the following rationlOd. per ton for the best coal; and 15d. per ton for engine coal; and as there wa's a very good demand at the present tiaie—there being no stacks rn the the xnhler8 considered that they ought .indher to participate in the -profits which, their 1" ■ masters were now making. The miners say hat, since 1861, they have been sacrificing Is. 6d. per day, whilst, at the same time, the masters have only reduced the price of coal to the public lOd. pel: ton. After several speeches had been delivered, a miner proposed that the best thing to be done would be to call a delegate meeting-there and then-to con- sider what was the best course to be adopted. When, last Monday week, the delegates from the various pits waited upon the masters, the coalownersheld a meeting on Wednesday last, and they arrived at the conclu- sion that they would not concsde any increase to the men, unless they could also obtain an increased price from the public, being of the opinion that there was no call—since last October-for a further advance to the colliers.—The resolution aa to a delegate-congress being convened to sit after the public meeting had been dissolved, was then carried. The men also passed a resolution declaring their intention of insisting upon the advance. At the meeting of dele- gates held subsequently, it was resolved to solicit from their employers another consideration of the claims of the men, and in case of refusal, to use" their best efforts and endeavours to obtain what they request." Should these proceedings be followed by a strike, not less than 1,200 or 1,300 miners will be thrown for support upon the Miners' Union.
CHARGE OF INDECENT ASSAULT IN A RAILWAY CARRIAGE. Robert Williams, aged t*dnti.sbve n a cabinet- maker, in the service of Messrs. Burrell and Watts, billiard-table makers, of Soho-square, was charged at the Romford Petty Sessions, at the instance of the Great Eastern Railway Company, with an indecent assault, on Charlotte Martin, aged seventeen, in the service of Mr. Brown, 227, Shoreditch. Mr. Wood, in stating the case, remarked that the prosecutrix was an orphan, and from the age of ten to thirteen had been brought up at the Shoreditch Indus- trial Schools. From the age of thirteen she had been out at service, having been in four situations, being a modest, well-conducted girl. On Wednesday, the 17th inst., her mistress, Mrs. Brown, gave her a holi- day to go and see her sister, who was at the Shore- ditch schools, at; Brentwood. After spending the day at the school, she left at eight o'clock in the evening for the purpose of returning home. When she got to theJ3reiitwpod station, the prisoner, who was on tlp.01 platform, accosted her, and there being a train in the station, she walked with him up the platform to see where it was going. Prisoner asked her/where she lived, but she did not reply, and he then said, "Yon ought to say that it is a very rude question to ask a lady." The girl then got into a third-class carriage, next to the engine, by herself. Immediately afterwards the prisoner got in and sat beside her, and when the train startedthey were alone. After describing the de- fendant s conduct, the learned gentleman said that he then:moved to.the seat opposite to her and acted in amost indeeent and cowardly manner. In fact, but for the eagine-driver, he would have stooiJ at the bar upon a much more serious charge than the present. It would be proved that the engine-driver had observed the conduct of the prisoner before he got intothe carriage. He had three times during the journey from Brent- wood to Romford climbed from his engine on to the buffer of the Carriage in which the parties were; hang. ing on to the lamp iron, and standing on the buffer, he had looked into the carriage, and on the first two occasions he had seen the prisoner kissing the prose- cutrix, and she resisting as well as the poor terrified girl could. On the third occasion he saw the prisoner acting in a grossly indecent manner, and he called upon him to desist, and On the arrival of the train at Rsmford the prisoner was removed from it and sent to the company's police-office at Shoreditch. The girl was in a most excited state, and the prisoner said he would go down on his knees if he could be forgiven, as he had a wife and four children. The prosecutrix was Called, and fully bore out this statement. < The prisoner was■ convicted in a fine of < £ 20"or in default six months' imprisonment. The fine of X20 was paid, and the prisoner was disoharged.
THE LATE FALL 'OF £ RAILWAY- BRIDGE AT •B'ECKENHAM. 40ii Friday morning an inquiry was held by Mr. J. C. Carttar, coroner for Kent, at the Railway Hotel, Beckenham, respecting the catastrophe on the London, Chatham, and Dover line, on Sunday morn- ing) by which a stoker, named John Maxted, aged twenty, lost his life. Mr. Church, solicitor, represented the company; and Mr. Mills, Mr. Martin; engineer, and Mr. Bishop, superintendent, were also present. The body, which was viewed by the jury, presented a, shooking appearance. The particulars of the catas- trophe have already been published. Thomas Smith, a goods guard; Christopher Barrett, another guard Amos, Greenstead, signalman, at the Penge station; William Baxter, signalman at the Beckenham station, and other persons connected witq the railway, were examined, and, from their evidence, it appeared that the, train consisted of an engine, tender, two break vans, and thirty loaded wagons, and was going at the rate of eight miles an hour, when an iron break behind the train waa suddenly brought to a standstill by a concussion. A signal had been given to stop, and that was the reason they were going so slowly. There were seventeen wagons on the line, the rest being thrown down. Greenstead, the signalman at Penge, said that directly after the goods train from London passed, at 3.55, he heard a crash. He went to see what had happened, and he found part of the train at a standstill,' and Barrett, the guard, looking into a wagon, as if he were stunned and thought he was at a station. Witness then found the front part of the train down over the embank- ment, and he heard some persons groaning. He went across the river, and found the engine-clriveri who told him to stand back lest the engine should blowfup. The river was six feet deep, its ordinary depth being one foot. The water bad never been so high within the last.fourteen years. Mr. W. Moore, station-master at Beckenham; Mr. Mills, resident engineer of the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway and one or two other witnesses were then examined, but their evidence threw no light as to the immediate cause of the disaster. The Coroner, in summing up, said in his opinion the catastrophe was due entirely to the late extensive floods, and the company could not fairly be held accountable for the giving way of the bridge, which had been built by an eminent engineer, and had stood the pressure of traffic for many years without any sign of weakness. The jury then had a long deliberation in private. <V w11 Public being re-admitted, the foreman said We ^have agreed to a verdict of Accidental Death' simply, but we leave to the engineer of the company, Mr. Mills, the consideration of iihe evidence taken here to-day, as to the question of the state 01 these streams and bridges and such mattora." Coroner: Well,' gentlemen, youx verdicfc is one of Accidental Death ?"■ j. The Foreman: Yes, that is our unanimous verdict. The proceedings then terminated.
■; Dartmoor.The fall of snow has been unusually heavy on Dartmoor lately. the night of the storm, it was frorn12f. to 16ft, deep, and it so blocked up the prison officers quarters that I they .were obliged to be dug out before they could go to their duty. The convictswete engaged in making paths from the gaol to the houses during j5ie day after the storm—a work accomplished with great difficulty. It has been reported that the Fenian prisoners had arrived at Dartmoor■ Prison, but this is not-correct. They are at Pentoiiviile. A Melancholy Accident, -r-A Scottish railway guard has lost his life under oireunistaBCsa which reflect the highest honour upon his character. A man in one of the carriages of a train on the Cale- dsnian line had attempted to take liberties with a lady who was sitting in the same compartment. The lady spoke to the guard, named George I-logg, who determined to watch the man's behaviour. With this view he left his van, and ascended to the roof of the carriages, purposing, it is supposed, to watch the man's movements by means of the lamp aperture. Hogg was never seen alive again, and when be Y-aa missed the train was put back, and the body was dis- covered, sadly disfigured, about ten yards from the lice at the bridge at West Oalder. Hogg must have been walking on the roofs of the Carriages* when the train came up to the bridge unperceived by him, and he was dashed against the bridge with great force. He had been in tIle employment of the Oaie-j denian'Company for eighteen years, and was esteemed a careful and valuable servant. Is is said that he I alwavs acted as guard to the Royal- train ween tra- vollinflr on the Caledonian line. I
-j FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. J;4' AMERICA. NEW YORK* JAN. 6. The full report of the public debt shows that the official statement, giving the total as 2,800 millions, included the coin currency in the Treasury; allowing this reduction, the public debt on January 1 was 2,716 million dollars. Congress met yesterday, but the House having no quorum, went into a committee of tne whole. In the Senate Mr. Sumner presented petitions from the citizens of Boston, asking indemnity from the British Government for the loss of a ship burned by the Alabama. The petition was referred to the Com- mittee on Foreign Affairs, and both Houses then ad- journed until Monday. Washington dispatches state that Count Zuch, the Emperor Maxirailian't- envoy, had arrived at Washing- t°5, t° seek Federal recognition of the Mexican empire. The Brownsville correspondent of the New Orleans Twies states that the American General Crawford had arrived at Brownsville, -With authority to raise an American division of troops for the Mexican republican service, and that he had established recruiting places at Brownsville and other towns in Texas. The Federal authorities had not interfered with these movements. O'Mahoney has sent a message to' the Fenian Con- gress, declaring that if the Senate faction had not tied his hands he, would, ere now, have had an Irish army on Irish soil, fighting for their independence • and an Irish fleet sweeping English commerce from the ocean. The Moravian has arrived out. NEW YORK, JAN. 13. The New York Herald states that President Johnson has positively determined to reconstruct his Cabinet, retaining two of its present members. It is rumoured that Mr. Stanton will supersede Mr. Adams, in London. t t President Johnson had sent to the Senate the n; ports of Mr. Stanton and the Attorney- General up Mr. Davis's trial. Mr. Stanton states that Mr. Da was captured and is still held by the military po-^ He now awaits the demand of the proper Govern authorities for his trial, upon the charge of treason, inciting,tothe assassination of President Lincoln, and murdering Federal soldiers. The Government decided to try Mr. Davis first for treason, but. this ia delayed in ponsequence of Mr. Chase, the Chief Justice, refus- ing to hold a court under present circumstances in the judicial district of Virginia. The Attorney-General supports the postponement of the trial of Mr. Davis and other rebels until civil authority is completely restored in the districts where the offences were cem- mitted. The Government has informed the House that the executive had. no official data on the subject of the alleged kidnapping of Madame Iturbide's child by Maximilian. Advices from Valparaiso are to the 9th inst. The blockade of certain ports; stil continued. The flagship Ville de Madrid was at Coquimbo, and the ironclad Numancia at Caldera, en route. to Vtilps- raiso, on the look out for the Esmeralda, of whict nothing since has been heard at Coquimbo. Qa the 2nd the Chilians succeeded in capturing the orewof the store ship Salvador Vidat, while blockad- ing a frigate at sea, and overhauling passing vessels. The Fenian Congress has adjourned sine die, and has abolished the titles of President and Senator. The Government will be conducted by the Head Centre, and a Central Council of five. O'Mahoney has been elected Head Centre for 1866. Roberts and the se- nators have been expelled from the brotherhood. A letter has been published from Stephens, dated the Irish Republic, Dec. 23, appointing Mahoney Ame- rican representative and financial agent of the Irish Republic, and ignoring the existence of the Senate. >i I. ±~
OPENING OP THE FREN&II CHAMBERS. Napoleon III. opened the aiamial Session of his Legislature on Monday, He, Arfsi congratulated his people upon that peace abroad which seems every- where assured. "Everywhere," said the Emperor, there .is a desife- to seek the meaxjs of olving diffi- cultiea 'amicably, instead of cutting them by the sword. The reunion of the English. and French fleets in the same ports has shown that the relations formed on fields of battle have not been weakened—that time has only cemented the good understanding of the two countries." The position of affairs in Mexico, however, occupied, as might have been expected, the most important sen- tences of his speech. The intervention in Mexico," sa^s the Times, ia that part of the Imperial policy which haa been most sharply challenged'by the re- 0 maining organs of free opinidn in France; it has been the point of attack of the Liberal Opposition in every successive Parliamentary campaign; it is the con- stantly efficient cause of the instability of French finance; and now it threatens to become a ground of rupture between our neighbours and the re-united Federation of the New World. When so many in- terests are at stake, it is not surprising that public at- tention should be more than usually directed to the utterances of the Tuileries. If the Emperor Napoleon be not omnipotent to restore amity between his Go. vernment and that of the United States, he could at any moment excite the, existing irritation so that it should break into open rupture; if he cannot do away with every cause of offence, he might, by an imprudent word commit himself to a position which the American Government would not tolerate and from which he could not retreat. "It is gratifying'to know that if the p^ace of tihe world is to be endangered it will not be by the Emperor of the French. He is in a position of great embarrassment, and his speech to., the Senate and Legislative body is not free from ambiguity but it is characterised by a spirit of genuine friendship for the American Union, and shows a readiness to meet every reasonable request that can be preferred by the American Government. An appeal is made to the traditional alliance, between the two nations, and I President'Johnson is reminded that, at the outset of the Mexican expedition, the Government of the United States was invited to join in an intervention designed as much in the interest of America as of Europe. Elsewhere it is said that negotiations are now in progress for the recall of the French troops, and it is insisted that the present, Government in Mexico was founded by the will of the Mexican people. The Emperor Napohfon says, in effect, that what was done was conceived in a spirit so little hostile to the American Republic that Mr. Lincoln was invited to become aparty to it; and though subsequent events have precipitated changes which were not contempiaied at first, these changes have received the ultimate sanction of popular approval in Mexico. It IS not necessary to soan these statements too narrowly. Unfriendly Critics may remember that the Mexican enterprise w&g accomplished at a time when the fortunes of thp Union were despaired of, and that- two out of tk three allies retired from an, expedition which appears to them to be voluntarily enlarged beyond its limit as' first avowed; but these objections would bt little to the purpose. Tie Emperor's reticence, m much as the words he utters, shows him to be desirous of conciliating American susceptibilities. He puts the best eider outermost, ;ust as he does when he states that-the value of French commerce with Mexico has increased from X840 1000 to £ 3,080,000, and omits to mention what part of the increase is due to the impor- tation of military stores, or to put against it the' subsidy granted to the steamers between St. Nazaire and Vera Qrnz. But the whole tenor of the Imperial Speech convinces u^ ro°re than ever that the solution of the Mexican difficiilty must come from the United States."
Her Majesty's Lent Preachers.-The now somewhat famous courses of Lenten sermons in the Chapels Royals of St. James's and Whitehall will com- mence on the 14th of February, being Ash Wednes- day, the Bishop of London, the Dean of Her Majesty's Chapels Royal, being the preacher at St. James's, and the Hon and Very Rav.jDi-.i Pallaw, Dean of Norwich* at Whitehall.. Among the preachers at Sfe. James's will be the Archbishops of Canterbury and Armagh, the Bishops of Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Woraester, and Oxford the Dean of Westminster; Canons Ne- py&n, Wood, and Hervey; the Revs. Dr. Temple, of &n&by, C. Y.. H. Sumner, E. M. Goulburn, D.D., H« M,' Birch, W. Rogers, and W. Drake. 'Among the preachers at Whitehall Chapel, will be the Archbishop of York; the Bishops of London, Oxford, and Peter- borough; the Deans of Canterbury, Carlisle, Ely, Chichester, Christ Church, Cork,Peterboiough, and Ripoa; Professor Kingsley, the Rav. William Roger?, and the Rev. Henry Melvill, B.D Canon of Sc. fant'f-. John 4io«neII and Co.'s CHcri-y TooUi Parte, psice isr. 60. Deeifietuy -the best.-separation for (Sjiu-Sing and pie-t \i teefli. BoW »yawpe!'fum«^nd«UeitiiSts.-u»IMir4« King-ot., Ijouibard-ct,, E C. I