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RUiTS UPON GARDENING.1 ♦

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RUiTS UPON GARDENING. 1 ♦ KITCHEN GARDEN.—There ought not to be, now a single square yard of unoccupied ground that has not been deeply dug since the last crop was taken off. Deep stirring and successive frostings of the soil are immensely beneficial, and there will never be much success in the culture of edibles where there is any fear of hard work in winter. The outdoor work of this month must be regulated by the weather. When the ground is not fit to be trodden on, get together all the clippings of hedges, prunings of trees, &c. &o., for charring, and keep the produce under cover to use aa needful; it is a most valuable top-dressing for peas and other early crops, both to stimulate growth and prevent attacks of slugs. Daring frost wheel out tiring, ready to dig in at the first opportunity. Sow daring fine dry weather, Sutton's ringleader, Dilli- stone's ea.rly, and Sangster's No. 1 peas, mazaean, longpod, and Beck's gem beans, hern carrot, and hol- low-crowned parsnips. We have found of late years that parsnips sawn at the end of January make very heavy crops, and are rarely hurt by frosts; and if they do happen to be cut off by frost, there is still time to sow again, and the loss of the seed is a very trifling matter compared with the chance of a heavier orop. ASFAKAGTJS PLANTATIONS to be marked out at once, and the ground dug two spits deep. A light Bandy loam is the best soil for asparagus, but a soil almost wholly sand will be better than one wholly clay, because when heavily manured the sand will suit it admirably, but without plenty of manure will be useless. In a deep fertile loam a moderately heavy -manuring will suffice, and the manure should be well mixed with the staple at least two feet deep. In any Ca.se the piece must be thoroughly well drained. If asparagus must be grown on a clay land, lay on six inches of sand or coal-ashes, and dig this in to a depth -of two feet, mixing it well with the soil, and let the ground rest a fortnight, and then dig again and libe. rally manure. If it ia intended merely to sow for transplanting, a good manuring one full spade deep will suffice, if the second spit was previously stirred at a winter digging. CAULIFLOWERS are apt to die off now unless kept dry; a little peat-dust will be useful to sprinkle amongst them where they are suffering from damp. Dry sand and wood ashes may be used for the same object. If the plants are crowded, they will only kill each other, so thin at once if neoessary. CABBAGB of all kinds may be sown on a warm border. The most useful to sow now are Shilling's Queen, Early York, and Rosette Colewort. MELONS AND CUCUMBERS in the forcing pit to be kept carefully trained about nine inches from the glass, to be regularly stopped, and at a temperature of 70 deg. by day and 60 deg. by night. Sow now for plants to bed out in frames and pits, and for succes- sion In the early forcing house. Our favourites for this season are-of cucumbers: Sutton's Berkshire Champion, Telegraph, Hamilton's Market Favourite, Carter's Champion, Lynch's Star of the West, Kirk- lee's Hall Defiance, Butler's Empress Eugenie; and of mellons: Beechwood, Carter's Excelsior, Cuthill's Scarlet Flesh, Egyptian Green Flesh, Trentham Hybrid, Turner's Scarlet Gem. CUCUMBERS managed as advised in the calendars of the last few weeks will now be coming forward for bedding out. They should be kept in the house till they have filled 48-sized pots with roots, and then be planted. If kept any length of time starving in a pot- bound state, they will become infested with red spider, and weakened in constitution. When ready to plant v it, the bed should be in a sweet condition through occasional forking over the dung. The bed is to be made by laying some strips of turf, grass side downwards, in the centre of each light; on this put three or four bushels of soil in a heap, con- sisting of loam from rotted turves one part, leaf-mould one part, and dung rotted to powder one part. The third day after putting on the soil put the bulb of a thermometer into the hillock, and if it registers 70 deg. to 80 deg. plant at once, if highe? than 80 deg. wait a few days longer. A fair average to start with is 75 deg. Plant in the centre of the hillock, and peg down the runners regularly, and shut close. In the course of a few days give air cautiously to let off any rank steam, and sprinkle the leaves frequently, but give only just enough water at the root to keep the soil moist until the plants have made a start. Choice sorts may be kept on from cuttings, to avoid the risk of deterioration. Plants that have been in fruit during the winter will furnish cuttings for succession, if the sorts are approved of for the purpose. Give air to plants in frames as often as the weather will permit. Daring mild wea-iher, a little air may be left on all Bight, with a mat over the opening to prevent too cold a draught. FLOWER GARDEN.—IMPROVEMENTS AND PRE- PARATIONS.—We cannot advise the planting of ever- green shrubs at this season, though we confess to doing it ourselves and seeing it done by everybody else. It would be much better for the trees to be con- tent now with marking the places where they are to go by stakes, and leaving them untouched till April, when the shift will distress them less, and they will commence to make new roots immediately. This plan allows of the planting of deciduous trees and the finishing of all the rough work in laying out a shrub- bery, and it may even be carried so far as to the making of the holes for the evergreens, laying the stuff taken out in heaps beside them to get completely pulverised for filling in. Every cultivator of flowers should secure now a good supply of turf from a loamy pasture, and of bog peat, or silky yellow loam in which the common brake grows plentifully. These should be stacked upon high ridges like walls, so that the frost will penetrate the whole mass, and the grass will rot quickly. Manure roughly spread among choice shrubs will assist in protecting their roots from frost. In Bpring the manure oan be levelled, and all rough stuff raked off. This is a good time to make banks and rockeries, as during frost the wheeling can be done without harm to the walks. ROSES required to bloom early should be pruned now, but it is too early to prune the general collec- tions.- Gardeners' Magazine.

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