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h TREATMENT OF THE CEOLEBA…
h TREATMENT OF THE CEOLEBA IN PALESTINE. Jl oomspomdent of the Times writes thus :— .4, your paper of the 30 ih of August one of ysuc •earaBspondeata recommends, among other precautions ajtaiaafc the cattle plague, the mixture of half a pint ei pnpwed,charooml with the daily allowance of food k-Ot e"h O)Rimal. ',The some treatment, in a modified form, may be advautisgeously applied to the human family. I have mm it euacassfully used in the East as a precaution hwinit the prevalence of the cholera, or 'Howa el (the yellow wind), as it is called in Arabic. ft:In the year 1855, when that terrible disease was Beg about the Levant, I was living at Haifa, a sea- pelt town on. the southern shore of the Bay of Acre, al the foot of Mount Carmel. This little town, the -jse^eistion of which was about 2,000, had never en- jeyed thebenoot of a sanitary commission. w Many of its guttered streets and unpaved lanes were little better than open sewers. The dust, hea,ps Mxsr to the seashore had been allowed to grow into ifcroad, steep, and firm barricades, formed of dead B&irnals. vegetable refuse, and all sorts of filth. On the 23rd of October a new Pasha far Acre loaded at Haifa. At the urgent entreaty of the Con- sals' iiia Excellency ordered our little town to be feosoughly cleansed and swept. The work was com- -1ioed at once, energetically, but not judiciously. 'be great dust heaps which had been so long undis- bed were vigorously attacked, and the task or shovelling "them into the sea occupied all the porters 200 boatmen, of Haifa. Man and boys ran hither and thither with baskets of putrefying rubbish, and unwil- 2aig labourers-t ware employed in raking and sweeping i&e.0eep and ohoked-up gutters of the crooked streets. te, .The. odours which arose in all directions were al- sacat unbearable. This attempt at sanitary reform in Baifa. was suddenly arrested by the breaking out of t,-bolara ola the night lof the 25th of October. Chlo- 1'500 of iime was thrown over the heaps of corruption wd along the disturbed gutters. "All the Europeans, with the exception of my brother (who was then English Vice-Consul at Haifa) sad myself, fled to the spacious convent on Mount ^arael. Some of them, however, returned after the Srsfc. shook of fear had passed away. The Moslems quietly smoked their pipes and a- waited their fate with resignation. "The native Christians—Latins, Greeks, and Mel- ites-were panic-stricken, and many of them re- created to Aora and Nazareth. Those who remained isded to propitiate Heaven, and to arrest the plague iby extra fasting. Belies, seapularies, and handker- chiefs which had touched the Holy Sepulchre were in great request. "The few Jawsiof Haifa (who, to their praise be it said, are industrious and skilful artificers) wisely whitewashed their houses, and pursued their daily avocations as usual. From the 25th of October to the 19th of December efeolera lingered in Haifa, gradually decreasing in satensity. A large proportion of cases were euocess- jttlly treated. Among the Moslems the disease made the most liavoe, as they could not be persuaded to take pre- cautions of any kind. There was not one case of tholera in the Jewish quarter. The precautionary measures which appeared to me- to be the moat effectual were recommended by an intelligent native Christian doctor: A teaspoonful of fresh ehareoal (made of wheaten bread, burnt in an cren crucible), to be taken every morning before breakfast in a small cup of cafe iioir-that is, strong coffee without milk or sugar. The same doctor advised the frequent fumigation Ðf houses by burning fragrant gums; and, to the 3jorror of -the ecelesiasties, he said it was very im- portant that no fast days should be observed during e prevalence of cholera. "As far as I could ascertain, those who used these iseasurea with strictness and confidence generally •ssoaped, or recovered from attacks of the epidemic. An Armenian doctor, attached to the suite of the aewly-ftppointed Pasha of Acre, at my brother's re- quest, was permitted to spend a short time with us at the English Vice-Consulate. "He treated many cases of cholera successfully, perhaps partly owing to the courage and confidence with which he inspired his patients. He generally, in the first place, ordered friction, and the outward appli- cation of heat. He made a sort of smooth creamy paste, composed of equal parts of castor-oil, magnesia, gum arabic, gn;r and water, and gave about a tea-spoonful every aonr. (In this preparation I could not perceive the slightest odour or taste cf the oil.) The patient, who is generally very thirsty, was allowed to drink as aaneh lime-flower water as possible, and was en- couraged to partake freely of gruel, made of three parts oatmeal and one part magr-esia. Sometimes the -doctor found it necessary to administer tincture of opium, in coffee, with a small quantity of pure spirits wine, te overcome severe pain and prostration. As the patient progressed, camomile tea was given instead of lime-flower water. Bark and other stimu- lants with nourishing food of a simple kind could, in a favourable case, be taken on the third cc fourth day. The Armenian doctor approved the use of char- coal, and encouraged it as much as possible. "The homes of the poorer classes of Haifa generally consist of one large room only. In these rooms a large open basket containing a store of vegetable charcoal fear fuel may always be seen. This accidental circum- stance. perhaps, helped to protect the inmates from Sfee. bad air which surrounded them."
£ 1 SHOP COLBNSO V. THE CHANCELLOR…
£ 1 SHOP COLBNSO V. THE CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER AND OTHERS. Dr. Colenso, Bishop of Natal, has filed a bill in Chancery against the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Attorney-General, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Vice-Chancellor Page Wood, Mr. Hubbard, and others, seeking to compel them to pay over the amount of his salary from the Colonial Bishoprics Fund, which has been withheld during the last two year3. The defen- dants in the case have filed their answer, and have fully set out the circumstances under which the fund was formed. In Jane, 1853, the council of the fund ap. propriated a capital sum of Xio,ooo for the establish- ment of the Bishopric of Natal, and Dr. Colenso was nominated bishop by the Duke of Newcastle, then Colonial Secretary. The defendants urge that they had nothing to do with the appointment of Bishop Colenso. Having adverted to the letters patent and the recent judgment of the Jadicial Committee of Privy Council, the defendants say in their answer, We are advised that in accordance with the said judgment the letters patent are null and void so far as they purport to create any diocess, or to confer any legal jurisdiction or authority on che plaintiff, and that the plaintiff has no power to exercise the function of a bishop in the ) no power to exercise the function of a bishop in the colony of Natal, or, at all events, has no jurisdiction as a bishop in the colony, and is not himself subject to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Cape Town as his Metropolitan, or to any other spiritual or ecclesiastical jurisdiction whatever; and we submit that if such is the case, the objects for which the funds hereinbefore-mentioned were subscribed and invested have not been obtained, which objects were in the first place to secure the pastoral care of a bishop for the clergy and people of the diocess of Natal, and in the second place to bring such bishop under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan, himself being-subject to the Archbishop of Canterbury. And we declare our belief that none of the contributors to the Colonial Bishoprics Fund intended to contribute towards the support of a bishop such as the judgment of the Judicial Committee of Her Majesty Privy Cauncil has decided the plaintiff to be—that is to say, a bishop without any jurisdiction over his clergy cn the one hand, and entirely inde- pendent of all Metropolitan jurisdiction on the other." The defendants proceed to allege that the clergy of the diocess of Natal have refused obedience to Bishop Colenso; that one of the fundamental principles of all arrangements for the erection end en- dowment of colonial bishoprics was the maintenance and preservation of strict connection in doctrine and discipline between such bishops and the United Church of England and Ireland; that all the Arch- bishops and Bishops of such Church are trustees for the endowment of the see of Natal, and, aR such, are authorised to withhold the income from the plaintiff. The case will be argaed before Sir John Romilly, in. the Rolls Court, at the commencement of the forth- coming Michaelmas term.
IA DESPERATE STRUGGLE WITH…
A DESPERATE STRUGGLE WITH A HIGH TVA YIVA N. On Tuesday nitwit one of the most daring attempts at highway robbery and murder that has occurred for many years in Ireland was made at a place a couple of miles, or rather more, to the north of Dublin. The perpetrator of the outrage had, it appears, been try- ing his hand on a smaller scale at highway robbery the two preceding evenings with some little success. On Tuesday, however, grown desperate or bolder, be at- tempted to plunder on a larger scale. A man named Joseph Cummins and his son (a boy of fifteen) were returning from Dublin with two empty carts, having delivered some hay, when, after passing Finglas, a man came up from the side of a lonesome part of the road and seized the reins of the first horse. He called on Cummins to deliver up his money or take the consequences. Cummins, who is a power- fully-built man, refused, whereupon the man drew a revolver from his breast and repeated his demand. Cummins jumped off the cart and attempted to seize him, but the ruffian fired, and the bullet struck him in the left eye. Another bullet, the re- volver being fired a second time, struck him in the thigh, within a short distance of the femoral astery. rt They then closed, and a fierce straggle- ensued, in which the efforts of Cummins to overpower his assailant were ably seconded, by his son, who, with the butt end of a whip, inflicted severe chastisement on the hea.d and face of the ruffian, and at length brought him to the ground. The ruffian fired a's the boy, but the bullet went over his shoulder. The elder Cummins then held his assailant on the ground while his son ran for the police to the nearest barracks. Having procured four constables at Finglas he returned with them to the spot, a car being pressed into their service, when they found the wounded man faint ancS bleeding, but still, by a desperate effort, overpowering hia adversary. The Evening Mail says:- He was at once raised to the car, and conveyed to Finglas Constabulary-barrack. The man was arrested, and taken to the same place. Constable O'Neill at j once dispatched messengers for Captain Lindsay, the nearest magistrate; for Mr. Fennelly, the dispensary j medical attendant; and for Mr. Gan, the sub-inspector. i These gentlemen were soon in attendance. Mr. Fen- j nelly attended to Cummins, whom he found in< a most precarious condition, his life being. in extreme peril. | Whatever could be done under the circumstances, and at the late hour of the night-twenty minutes past < twelve o'clock—was done. Mr. Feanelly then turned his attention to the prisoner, whom he found1 very seriously injured about -the head and face. There was a lage wound on the top, of the head, and other wounds in its vicinity. A pertion of the head was also beaten to softness. The right ear, the eyes, and the forehead presented a shocking spectacle, being covered with gore from the wounds inflicted on them. The entire hwas swollea to an unnatural size, The wounds were dressed, audi the prisoner was conveyed to Glassevm Pblice-barrack. On being questioned he stated that his name was Owen Flynn,-and was amative of Spiddal, in the, county of Galway, but had been taken, to America when an infant, and that he had resided there ever-since; He had lived in the Confederate States, he said, and was understood to add that he had served in the Confed- erate army. The occasion of his return to Ireland was the confiscation by the Northerns of his people's pro- perty. He was dressed in a black frookcoat, with velvet collar, and dark waistcoat and trowsers. The coat was torn up the back in the struggle, and was covered with mud and filth. There werefound on hispersonthree' silver sixpences, and -i box containing fifty patent pistol ball cartridges. Twelve of a similar kind of cartridge were found loose in his waistcoat, pocket, as if for imme- diate use. The boy Cummins handed the police a five- bareFed revolver which he found on the road, and which he said he saw the prisoner drop as soon as he had fired the third shot. Thia weapon is of the most modern pattern; it is exquisitely. finished and silver mounted. The prisoner admitted that it was his,' and said he had bought it for twenty-five dollars in America. Two of the chambers were found loaded with the patent cartridges. Each of these contains a charge of powder, a ball, and the requisite detonating mixture, so that rapidity. of load- ing and firing is attained with certainty. On going to the scene of the occurrence, constable Kelly picked up a knife with a spring and dagger blade, the latter be- Ing open." The Saundevs says cc It would appear he is the perpetrator of other out rages of a similar character, which have been reported as having occurred in "the outlets of the oity within the last two or three days. One of these was upon a cab- man named M'Kenna, who was hired by a person on Sunday night to drive him to Blanchardstown. When they had got as far as the Half-way-house, on the Navan-road, the occupant of the ca.b got out, and presenting a pistol at the driver, demanded his money. The cabman gave him all he had, and he then drove away with his cab. On the night of the 29th a carman named Sherlock was engaged by a person to drive him to the Green-hills, and when they had reached a lonely part 01 the road the occupant got out in the same way, and presented a pistol at the cabman, who, however, had only 6d. On Tuesday, about nine o'clock, a gentleman named Taylor was stopped at Cardiff's-bridge by a man who fired a pistol at him, but without inflicting any injury, however, and he succeeded in making his escape. An investigation into all the abovo cases was held by Captain Lindsay, D.L., J.P., at the Glasnevin Police-barrack. The prisoner O'Flynn, who was in an extremely weak state, was accommodated with a seat. Thomas Cummins, son of the injured man, gave the following account of the occurrence. He said:— He and his father were engaged between ten and eleven on Tuesday night driving homo their carts from market, after delivering two leads of hay. They were both sitting on the first cart. On the road, about three-quarters of a mile or thereabouts beyond Finglas, the man now in custody came out from the side of the [read and caught hold of the reins of the first horse which witness held in his hand. He stopped the cart and asked his father to deliver up his money. His father said he had no money, only a few shillings. The prisoner then put his hand into the left pocket of his father's waistcoat and tore away the lining. A few coppers which were in the pocket fell oat upon the road. The prisoner then put his hand again into the pocket, when his father said, 'Hold on; sure you are not going to rob us P' The prisoner took out a pistol and fired, the ball entering his father's left eye. He was about taking hold of him when the prisoner fired again and hit him in the left thigh. Witness and his father then caught him and overpowered him. Daring the struggle he fired again, and the shot went over witness's shoulder. Witness immediately ran away to the police-barrick and brought the police." Captain Lindsay: You have acted with a great deal cf courage and propriety. I hope your father will get over it. I shall send him the best doctor in Dublin immediately in addition to the dispensary doctor. The prisoner stated that instead of attacking Cummins and his son he was attacked by them, and added—I tried to defend myself as well as I could. They both got me down and kicked me until the policeman came up and brought me to the barracks. He had not been in the Confederate army, but the Union had confiscated 'his property, and he had to come home. As to robbing, he did not believe in it. He denied that the dagger-knife found was his. The cabman above referred to fully identified the prisoner, who had plundered him. Evidence was then given as to the state of the elder Cummins, who is lying in a dangerous state in the hospital; The doctors cannot say that he will recover. The prisoner was committed for trial.
DEATH OF -A VETERINARY SURGEON…
DEATH OF -A VETERINARY SURGEON THROUGH DISSECTING A DISEASED BEAST. ,I Another instanee of the fataleffeets of the terrible disease now ravaging our flocks and herds of cattle, and resulting in the death of a veterinary surgeon, has just occurred in the town of Sudbury, Suffolk. Last week the epidemic made its appearance in the stock- yard of Mr. Ruffell, farmer, Melford, and the cases were attended by Mr. Robert John Plumbly, veterinary surgeon, Sudbury. On Thursday a cow, which was evidently suffering from the disease, was brought out and shot by Mr. Plumbly, who afterwards made a partial post-mortem examination of the carcase. In doing so with a small scalpel his shirt-sleeves became saturated with blood, &c., from the animal. He re- turned home, and the same day was attacked with sickness and acute pains in the head and chest, accom- panied with a soreness in the bones generally. On the following day he appeared somewhat better, and was able to attend to his duties, but became worse towards evening, and was confined to his house on the following day. He considered that he was merely suffering from the effects of a severe cold, and did not call in medical assistance till Saturday night. He slept well that night, and seemed somewhat better on Sunday morning. About two o'clock in the afternoon he got out of his bed to have it made, when he appeared comparatively strong and in good spirits; but almost immediately afterwards he was taken in what seemed to be a fit, and expired in a few minutes, before the surgeon, who only lived next door, could come to his assistance, It was thought that death had resulted from a fit of apo- plexy, and a medical certificate to that effect was given. Rumours, however, soon becoming current that Mr. Plumbiy's death was caused by the cattle plague, the borough coroner directed a post-mortem examination to be made. But. by this time, so rapid was the spread of the virus through the system, that the body appeared perfectly plague-stricken, aad by Tuesday morning, when the surgeons arrived to ex- amine it, and it was taken out of the coffin, the corpse scarcely retained the semblance of a hUBian being, the head and trunk being much swollen and black in colour, the features quite undistinguishable, and all the flesh converted into a putrid mass. The tissues were completely disintegrated, bo that it was utterly impossible to-make any esaiaiiuation. to inquest was held on Tuesday afternoon, at the court-room, Town-hall, before the borough coroner, R. Ransom, Esq., and a jury; Mr. Joseph Barker, chemist, being chosen foreman. The mayor and other gentlemen were present during the whole of the inquiry, which lasted four hours. The jary went and viewed the body, which lay in an outhouse, but were so overcome with the fearful spectacle that they were permitted by the coroner to ratire to partake of stimulants before they could further proceed with the inquiry. Henrietta Dansie, nurse, said that deceased had been suffering from boils on his right arm, one of which she had poulticeclon Wednesday, the day before he had examined the diseasei animal. He removed the poultice himself, but declined to put on a plaster, as the place was a small one, although not healed. He changed his linen on his return from Melford; but the same afternoon he was taken with sickness and vomiting, and complained of acute pains in his head and bones. On Sunday afternoon, shortly before he died, he wished to haye his bed made, and got out and stood while it was being done. He then complained of faintness, and got into,, bed again, and witness, to revive him, washed his face and hands; in doing so she observed that the naila of one of the hands which had lain in the bed were turning black. She was about to give him some pills, when she noticed a sudden change come over him; and thinking he was going to faint or have a fit she- rang for assistance, and went herself for the doctor, who, being from home, another surgeon residing next door was called in, but by this time the unfortunate gentleman, was quite dead. Mr. Maurice Mason, surgeon, said he was called in to see the deceased the night before he died, and visited him again on Sunday morning, and ordered him a lotion, and leeches for his head, and effervescing drinks (the leeches were not applied). From the appearance of the body and the evidence which had been adduced, witness was of opinion that the death of the deceased was caused by the absorption of poisonous virus from the dead beast. Mr. W. B. Smith, surgeon, gave similar evidence. After half an hour's consultation the jury returned a verdict That deceased died from the effects of the absorption of virus or poison into his system upon the occasion of his making a post-mortem examination of a eow which had died from a certain disease. called the cattle plague." The sad occurrence has caused much sensation in the town, the deceased, who was only twenty-three years of age, being well known and much respected.
---INTIMIDATION DURING A STRIKE.
INTIMIDATION DURING A STRIKE. James Pararie, late a labourer in the employment of Messrs. Benjamin Colls and Sons, builders, in Camber- well, was charged before the magistrate at Lambeth with having by violence to the person of Charles Gray, a fellow workman, endeavoured to force him to depart from his hiring and employment. -,Mr. Hamilton, manager to the prosecutors, said that on Monday last on going to Brixton, where the Messrs. Colls are build- ing a house for a water company, he found a number of persons employed there absent from the works. The bricklayers told him their absence was owing to an impression that their wages would not be raised as agreed upon before, but he (witness) assured them it would, and they all returned to their work. The pri- soner and two other labourers refused to work unless they also got an advance, when he told them he had no authority to give them more than they before received, and if they did not like it they might have what was due to them and leave. They did leave, but before doing so he heard them urge the labourers to take their half-pence and leave. Two other men were then engaged, but they dis- charged themselves in consequence of the intimidation used by the prisoners and others. Charles Gray said he was in the employment of Messrs. Colls as a labourer, and on Monday last the prisoner tried to induce him to leave off work, and made use of violent language towards him. On the following day he again appeared, and repeated the violent language, and called on them all to come out. On leaving the building in the evening the prisoner, who was on the outside, caught hold of him by the collar, shook him violently, and pushed him into the street. Other men engaged on the works confirmed this statement. The prisoner said he had no ill-feeling to Gray, and only told him he ought to have more wages, upon which Gray asked him if he was come to kick up a row, and he strack-him first. w^kpre&ent.61106 waa denied by another witness who Mr. Elliott told the Prisoner that although he had a right to discharge himself if he was not satisfied with the wages he got, he had no right to use intimidation to induce others to leave. CoSrrect?one~OJ3e m°aa'S hard Iabo^ m the House of
A WOMAN KILLED BY HER PARAMOUR.
A WOMAN KILLED BY HER PARAMOUR. On Saturday afternoon, Henry Rickman 31 a labourer, employed at Hartley's-wharf. was before Mr. Wookych, at the SouthwarkSioe cnfrfc with the wilful murder of Sarah Scott, a widow with whom he resided, at No. 3, White's-groulads, Bar- mondsey. The prisoner, who seemed to feel his perilous position very acutely, was allowed to be seated during the examination. M. Philip Raymond, and inspectorof the M division of police, saidOn Saturday night, about six o'olock I was on daty in the Bermondsey station-house, when the prisoner was brought in by 308 M, charged with causing- the death of Sarah Scott. After I had entered the charge on the charge-sheet, the prisoner commenced making a statement. I cautioned him jV* ,say anything unless ho liked, and told him that whatever he said I should take down in writing, and it might be used against him at another place. The prisoner wished to make a statement, and I wrote down as follows The deceased, Sarah Scott, 1TS i!I0u E?'l a^ 3, White-grounds, four years. Her husband died four years ago. On Saturday even- ing we had no dispute. When I came in I saw she was the worse for liquor, and that there was no fire. I said Whydont you get my tea f She muttered something which I could not hear, and I could not tell what she said. l eaid to her, 'Any way, you will suffer for this; 'tis not the first or second time you served me so.' While she was trying to light the fire, I got out of temper and struck her; when '??? ,a 1 J kicked her with my foot, and I think tne neel of my boot must have made a gash on her head, and caused her death. I then went into the yard, and when I came again into the house I found she had not moved. I lifted her up and found she was immovable, and that life was gone. I laid her head on a small block of wood, and sent for a doctor by my next door neighbour. The deceased had two children by her husband." Mr. Woolryeh (to the prisoner): Do you wish to ask the inspector any questions ? Prisoner: No, sir. It ia juat what I toli him. After some evidence confirmatory of the prisoner's statement, and medical testimony as to the cause of death had been received, the'prisoner was'remanded to await the result of the inquest. Inquest. On Tuesday morning Mr. William Carter, Coroner far Surrey, held an inquiry at the Yorkshire Grey Tavern, Bermondsey-street, as to the circumstances of the alleged murder of a widow named Sarah Ann Scott by a man with whom she cohabited. The jury having been sworn in pr oceeded to view the body of the deceased, which lay in a room at No. 3, White's- grounds, Gun-alley, Bermondsey, and which presented a shocking appearance. Inspector Raymond had the management of the case for the police authorities. The evidence was similar to that heard at the police- court. After a long deliberation, the jury returned a verdict of Manslaughter against Henry for feloniously killing and slaying Mary Ann Scott?* The Coroner then issued his warrant for the detention of the prisoner in Horsemonger-lane Gaol, until his trial at the next sessions of the Central Criminal Court. It was stated that the deceased woman drank on an average £ 1 worth of gin every week. She obtained the money by boiling water for the workmen in the Bermondsey factories for their teas, at one penny per head.
EXTENSIVE FRAUDS ON FOREIGNERS.
EXTENSIVE FRAUDS ON FOREIGNERS. Louis Jordam, thirty-two, and Angelina Jordan, twenty-nine, his wife, both residing at No. 41, W hiskin-streot, Cierkenwell, and Alexander Bar the, twenty-sis, of No. 21, Ma.rtha.-terrao-e, Beresford- street, Lambeth, described as an agent, were brought before the presiding magistrate at the London Mansion- house, on remand before the Lord Mayor, thetwo former charged with conspiring with others, not in custody to obtain, and with obtaining, on the 21st alt., a Post- oflSce order, No. 88, representing 100 francs, thereby demanding V&leno Castelbini of his money, and the latter with conspiring with others not in custody in obtaining, on the 19th July last, by false represanta- tions, from the Bishop of Zimaria the sum of .£7, with intent to defraud him of the same. Mr. Wontner appeared for the prosecution, and Mr. Templeman for the prisoners Jordan.-Mr. Wontner said that he should have to ask again for a remand, but he would produce such evidence before his lordship as would show the extensive nature of the frauds that had been committed by these parties. In a box belonging to the Jordans a letter was found stating that three hundred letters had been sent out. Emily War- nicot said: I live at No. 2, New Milman-street, Pimlico, and I gave the box produced to the officer Foulger on Thursday last. The female prisoner brought the box on the same morning in a safety cab. She asked me if Mr. Aaron lived there. I said no, but he had lived there. She asked permission to leave the box, and she did so.—Cross-examined by Mr. Temple- man Mr. Aaron did live in my house for about four weeks, anfileftthewednesdayprevious to the box being left.' Susan Absolon, of 41, Whiskin-streefc, said I know the prisoners (Jordan) as Lewis- On the 4th of May they engaged a sitting-room, bed-room 'and the use of a kitchen. They remained there until the officer took them into custody. They had the box produced with them. I heard that the large box was taken away on the Tuesday before the officer (Sergeant Foulger) came and took them away. They appeared to do no busi- ness, and as they were generally at home, they took in all letters themselves. Sergeant Foulger said. I produce ab, out 400 circulars, and a list of various per- sons taken out of a directory. There are also about 400 envelopes, all addressed according to the list and ready to be sent out. I shall be able to prove that they have beentrading under the following various names:- Messrs. Dumassay and Co., 24, Blenheim-street; Rhab- bielats and Co.; Messrs. Flint and Co., 41, Whiskin- street; Messrs. Ledon and Co., 19, Col ville-place, Fitzroy- square; Christy and Co., steam. flour mills, 130, King's- road, Chelsea; Dutton and Collins, 13, Princes-street 5 Simmonds and Morton, steam flour mills; Smith and Son, 9 and 10, Little Newport-street; Gerald, SamP' son, and Co., 24, Blenheim-street; John Ramon ana Co., 18, Pitt-street, Fitzroy-sqnars;- J. B. Roger8 ami Co., 5a, Gotlington-street; J. B. Rogers and Co., Greek-street; L.Jordan, merchant, London J Parrett, and Co., 93, Westbourne-Btreet,^ Pimlico; Greenham and Co., Hall-street, City-road; Greenham and Co., 40, Caledonian-road — Maynar ((^PP°sed and Co., 40, Caledonian-road M.,Yulird It FAELPPosed proper name. In the box I found » -kxporta- tion Society," and the centre has The Council of Administration" on it. Another has Bladen wick and Co. and there were also some loose type, and several foreign directories, including £ rench, Spanish, and Italian. There were also a great number of circu- lars with the name of Mallet ana Oo. on them. A great many letters had been seat out ana about 1,000 answers had been sent, but they had not been translated yet. On a moderate calculation, I should say that from 4,000 to 5,600 foreign letters have been sent to the prisoners, some of ^rjfe~L °°3tain money. A list of advertisements that; naa appeared iu the German papers, offering salaries to agents who knew what the produce of land was, was here put in and read. They were all to be addressed to John Greenham and Co., 89, Old-straet, City-road. Sergeant Foulger con- tinned: I found this letter (produced) on the prisoner. It was addressed to a Mr. Henry, and stated that he had about 600 letters, as many as he had addresses for, and that he hoped soon to have more—Cross- examined I apprehended the prisoner at Whiskin- street, and there was another person with him.—Mr. Thomas Beard said that he had three charges against Jordan, one for obtaining money from a German gentleman to defray the expenses of making him agent for an English company; another for an attempt of a similar description, but in which the money was not paid; and the third, in which the prisoner obtained a large quantity of goods. He could not complete his case that day, and therefore he would ask for a. remand. —The prisoners were then remanded.
The usual weekly report of the Registrar- General on the health of London states that, during the last ten weeks, 127 deaths by cholera have taken place in the metropolis. It is called English cholera, but the Registrar says the disease does not differ essentially from the Asiatic and Egyptian kind. This latter has now reached the limit of the western basin of t.h/> MI>H'r.ø.o
THE" SOIENTIFIO REVIEW" ON…
THE" SOIENTIFIO REVIEW" ON Til NON-EXPLOSIVE GUNPOWDER QUE' h; TION. Numerous experiments have been made for so5' vi time past with reference to the mode of renderii gunpowder inexplosivo devised by Mr. Gale, of Pi mouth: and all of them have bean attended with t' most complete success. Nevertheless, it is more tht aoubttul if the invention will be attended with an practical results. It can scarcely be said that the' principle is new, having been tried long since and1 abandoned on account of practical objections, which remain in full force. Mr. Gale uses pounded glass as the protecting powder. When an equal quantity of this is well mixed with gunpowder, or two parts of it with one part gunpowder, the latter goes off like a squib. When there are three parts pounded glass and one part gunpowder, there is combustion, but no explosion; but when there are four parts-pounded glass and one part gunpowder, there is not even com- bustion, except of individual grains; and a mass of unprotected gunpowder exploded in the midst of the protected has no effect on the latter, further than to scatter it about. There will be a much larger quantity of material to be carried, but this will be much more aorm by the diminution of rate, con- dangerous* oarried being no longer The etIioa.cyof this inveh.tiondependson the fact bv pnmhnaf?11 6 exPansioti of the gases produced tynitrn Wh o? 18 nocessary t0 §^e rise to that rapid !?If h Jil c £ *stitutes explosion dosing the inter- stices between the gPaina 0f gunp6v,der takes away the spaces required for expansion, and consequently diminishes the explosive power—isolating the grains destroys it. All this was known to Piobert, who tried experiments on the subject in 1835, and detailed their results in his Traite d'Artillerie." Researches on the subject are to be found also in the Cemptes Rendus, vols. x. and xxiii. Similar experiments were made likewise by M. Fadeieff, Professor of Chemistry at St. Petersburg, between 1840 and 1844. M. Piobert used pure sand, but found it absorbent of moisture, which will, most probably, be the case with the pounded glass used by Mr. Gale—especially as it gradually be- comes alkaline. Sand is gritty also, and might cause danger from friction; it would, besides, destroy the glazing of the powder, which would be injurious to it. The same objections hold with regard to glass. He found that it is not necessary that the protective powder should be non-combustible; even gunpowder in a state of minute division was suited in some de- gree for the purpose and each of the constituents of gunpowder answered well; but of all the substances he tried, he preferred a mixture of wood charcoal and graphite, as being totally free from any tendency to attract moisture. He never used more of the protect- ing powder than was sufficient merely to prevent the gunpowder from being dangerous. iQr- But all such contrivances are liable ejec- tions; and hence Mr. Gale's principle, 1 known for at least thirty years, has not com^ Sift- ing cannot remove all the protecting as will be evident if a white substance is used for the purpose. Some of the powder itself is rem@ved by the sifting, and thus the proteotin-g material, if used repeatedly, may it- self become dangerous. If a dark body is employed, if will not be easy, by inspection, ta distinguish between protected and unprotected powder. The protection may be destroyed by the spontaneous separation of the protecting material from the gunpowder, during carriage from one place to another. Cumbrous machinery- would bo required for mixture or separation on a large scale; it might not be easy to effect the latter with sufficient rapidity in cases of emergency, and both mixture and separation would necessarily be attended with considerable danger. Imperfect separa- tion of the protecting powder-and absolutel-Yi perfect separation of it is not possible-would impair, and sometimes perhaps to a serious degree, the explosive powder, which, especially at present, could not be tolerated. Non-protected might be fatally mistaken for protected gunpowder, or protected for non-pro- tectea-both,with highly injurious results.
A PEMALEBLUEBEAD. The Court of Assizes of the Garonne has just trier1 a woman named -sonques, aged thirty, charged with WBin £ Poisoned her two husbands, the first in 1863 and the second m March last. It ap- pearaa irom the evidence given on the trial that the prisoner was married in 185& to a blacksmith named Laeoste, and that they lived happily together for several years. In 1860, however, she formed an illicit connection with, a man named Cazaux. The husband soon discovered his wife's infidelity, and did all he could to bring her back to her duty, but in vain. In 1863 Lacoste surprised his wife in company with Cazaux under very suspicious circumstances, and in his fury he gave her a sound beating. About a menth later the husband died after a short illness, and there was a general suspicion among the neighbours that he had been poisoned, bat no inquiry was made into the cause of death. The prisoner then endeavoured to induce Cazaux to marry her, but as he refused she married a man named Souques in September last. For two months she con- ducted herself well, but before the end of the year she had renewed her connection with Cazaux, and from, that time she and her husband lived on very bad terms. In March, Souques, who had always enjoyed good health, suddenly fell ill and died before the end of the month, with every appearance of having been poisoned. A pmt-mortem examination having shown «USTt?° u i,g case> the prisoner was arrested. Her n nusbana 8 body was also disinterred, but decom- position was too much advanced for the chemists to dis- cover traces of poison. With regard to the second husband the presence of poison was clearly proved. The jury accordingly found the prisoner guilty, but allowed her the benefit of extenuating circumstances, and the Court sentenced her to hard labour for life.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN DUNDEE.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN DUNDEE. On Sunday morning, about half-past one o'clock, a most destructive fire was discovered to have broken out in a warehouse m Larch-lane, Scouringburn, occu- pied by Messrs. George Armistead and Co., merchants. was soon observed that the fire had broken out near the e ntrance. Although every exertion was made to stay the progress of the flames, the roofing1 w £ vi•! attacked, and it soon became would be consumed from end to end. Was dry, and the flames, fanned by 0 Proved too much for the water, notivith- standIng that the supply was plentiful. About half- past two o'clock the entire roofing fell in, and the material in the warehouse then burnt with amazing rapidity. The flames arising from the burning premises lighted up the heavens for a con- siderable distance around. About five o'clock, through the united efforts of all, the fire wa.s got under, and the safety of the adjacent buildings secured. The policeman passed the warehouse about half-an-houf before the fire was noticed, and at that time he states that there was not even a smell of burning. The warehouse was completely filled with Archangel too and Riga oodilla, which was made up into bales, a large quantity of which had only been stored last week. The warehouse, which has been totally destroyed, and of which nothing remains but the walla, was the property of Mr. Praim, and was tenanted by Messrs. Armistead and Co. The firm had between £ 9,000 and £ 10,000 worth of material in the premises, whioh was insured. The building was also insured) and it is expected that, after deducting the salvage) which will probably amount to .£3,OO or X-4,000, the whole loss of material will be about £ 6,000. ♦
The Case of Starvation and Neglect at Spitalfields.Oll Monday afternoon, at four o'clook, Mr. John Humphreys, the coroner for Middlesex, re- sumed the inquiry at Mr. Keymer's, the Commercial Tavern, Commercial-road, Spitalfields, respecting ths death of Joseph Stack, aged three weeks, who-died from gross neglect. The additional evidence having been given, the ooroner summed up the whole of the facts adduced, which he said disclosed a shocking state of affairs. The cause of death was inanition from the want of proper food and nourishment. The father, it had been proved, covered the child up when he left, and it would seem, from the injunction he left with the little boy, that if he showed the child to auf one he would kill him-that would show that he 111' tended the child to die out in his absence. The ques- ( tion for the consideration of the jury was, whether the evidence showed that the deceased died from gross and wilful negligence of the parents—if so it would amount to wilful murder. The jury, after brief consultation, returned a verdict of Wilfu1 murder against Edward and Ann Stack, for feloniously killing and slaying their infant child, Joseph Stack. The-ootonar thon rmaAa nn* j,;™—
WILLS AND BEQUESTS.
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. Probate of the wall of the Right Rev. John Graham, 1M> Lord Bishop of Chester, has been granted by the -Court at Cheater to the exeeutors-namely, Charlotte Q-raham, ,his relict, and Mr. Henry James Oakes, his brother-in-law, of Nowton-court, Bury St. Edmonds! The personalty was sworn under £ 35,090. His lordship died on the 15th of June last, at the age of seventy-one, having held the see of Chester since 1848, the revenue being returned at £ 4,500 per annum. Be waaformerly Fellow and Master of Christ College, m the University of Cambridge, and, upon his resig- nation of the rasatershil) received from the Master and Fellows ef Christ College a presentation of plate; this his lordship leaves. to his wife for her life, and after hew decease # to his eldest son absolutely. He be- 4wepths to his wife an immediate legacy of X500. with the use of his books, pla £ e, furniture, &e., and also leaves her a life interest in the remainder of his property, which, at her decease, is to be divided Iqttally among all his children. The will of Mr. Robert Lueaa Chanoe, of Summer- Sfeld-house, "Warwickshire, wasptoved in the London under £ 300,000 personal property. The execu- tors are Ms'sobs—Robert Lucas Chance, Frank Chance. M.D.. and John Homer Chance, to whom a special grant of probate was made, under cer.am limitations. The will and first eodicil are respectively dated the 6th cfDeeember. 1861, and attested by W. Watkinii and C. Baker, both of Sackville-street, Piccadilly. There is another codicil, dated 1862. The testator was an eminent manufacturer of glass, acids, and alkalies. He feeoueaths to hi3 wife an annuity of X2,,500, together ■Wtth his residence, and all the furniture, plate, library, earriages, &c. To his sister-in-law, the widow of his > lerte brother George, he leaves an annuity of < £ 430; to his brother Edward, £ 360 a year; and he his left various annuities and legacies to other parties; to his eldest son, Robert, a legacy of < £ 19,000; to his son Frank, < £ 16,000; and to his son James, = £ 14,000; and ]m1:! appointed his said three sons residuary legatees in certain specified portions-to the eldest four-tenths, amd the 90derin equal shares between the other Wo sons. To his daughter, Mrs. Sargant, he leaves a life interest in £ 20,000,and theprincipal, atherdeoease, to her children. To his eldestson he has left his entire avterest in the Irouley Fire-brick Company, Stafford- ire.. The will of FrancvaHenry Fenton, of Fenton's Hotel, St.James's-street, Piccadilly, was proved in the Lon- don Court, on the 7th nit,, by the trustees and exaeators—Mrs. Ann Fenton, the relict; Claudius F. Do Pasquier, surgeon, 62, Pall-mall; and Robert Biggin (the testator's brothem-Ia.w). The personalty wmii4 sworn under 445,000. The testator died OR the 14th of JAm last, and his will bears date December 13,1864. He bequeaths his hotel property to his wife for her life, subject to certain conditions and trusts; also leaves her a life interest in < £ 31,000 funded ?pro- í party, which, after her decease, he leaves to his v^aaghter Emily, wife of Martin Palmer ("esiding with > the testator), and at her decease to her children; this is also subject to certain anniiities and legacies to the grandchildren and others. The res-idne of his pro- perty he leaves to his son-in-law and grandchildren.— Illustrated London News.