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OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. Visit of the French'.Fleet to Portsmouth. The navy. that is always tha best wins the day. But this pre-eminence cannot be sustained without rivalryt whether that which naturally comes by war or tha which may be artificially produced in a time of peace. This is one great object of these grand naval meetings France and England have a good d to learn from one another. Every navy is only too &pt to worship its own authorities and idolise its own laodels. Few people retain their inventive powers, or their liberality to inventors, after a certain age. Every school settles at last on its lees, unless it changes hands or is laid open to fresh influences. Even Parliament may thunder at the dockyards in vain unless fortune shall favour its appeals. The remedy is found in the modern panaeea for all shortcomings—a competitive examina- tion. This is what we have to day at Spithead.— Which are the best ships—so many marks to be scored for every point under review? Our people say our ships are the best; but we would rather they thought otherwise than that we should overrate our- selves.-Ti,mes. Within the last fortnight we have heard of speeches made by General Sheridan, and speeches made by General Grant, both of whom declared to large American assemblies that the French must be driven out of Mexico. As to Canada, we lately beheld an American agent in that country coolly arguing, in a public conference, that the policy of the United States must be to prevent international trade, in order to force the Canadians to wish for annexation! It is against all pretensions and notions of this kind that the present naval fraternisation at Brest and Portsmouth is aimed. We do not libel the Americans in saying that they covet Mexico and Canada, for they themselves make no concealment of their desires and purposes. Were Prance and England at feud at the present moment, the only question with the American Cabinet would be whether Mexico or Canada should be invaded first. But as France and England are not at variance, the probability is that Mr. Johnson will, for the present, deem it prudent not to meddle with either. As to Mexico, England has taken no part in that quarrel. As to Canada, if the Canadians had shown half as much desire to secede from England as the Virginians did show, four years ago, to secede from the Northern Government, England would long ago have said, Erring sisters, part in peace." But if the Canadians cling to the English connection and ask our protection, we shall not easily be persuaded to desert them. Such is the position of affairs. Nothing is further from the intention of France and England than to go to war with America. But when we hear, not from insignificant persons, but from generals and ambassa- dors, that "Mexico and Canada must shortly be in- cluded in the Union," we feel it to be no menace, but a measure of wise precaution, to bring our fleets into line, in French or English waters, and to let all per- sons concerned know, without any threats, that Eng- land and, France are at present excellent friends, and that, united, they could send a fleet to sea which would level any city—be it St. Petersburg, Boston, or New York-with the ground, in less time than will be occupied, to-day and to-morrow, in firing salutes, hoisting flags, and exchanging compliments between the two admiralties of England and France.-Morning Advertiser. Canadian Mission to England. There is a very cold-blooded colonial administration in Downing-street, which is inclined to do little good, and capable of little harm, and which will delay, so long as is possible, any definite judgment upon any matter included within its jurisdiction. What comfort is extracted from the correspondence, the delegates ex- plain in language too concise to be paraphrased. They evidently understand that neither the British Foreign- office nor the British Home-office is very deeply inte- rested with their affairs On the subject of the American Reciprocity Treaty we entered into full explanation with the imperial Ministers. We explained how advantageously the treaty had worked for Canada, and the desire of our people for its renewal; but we showed at the same time how much more advantageously it had operated for American interests-and we expressed our inability to believe that the United States Govern- ment seriously contemplated the abolition of an arrangement by which they had so greatly increased their foreign commerce, secured a vast and lu<#a™ve carrying trade, and obtained free access to the St. Lawrence and to the invaluable fishing grounds of British America, and that on the sole ground that the provinces had also profited by the treaty. We ex- plained the immediate injury that would result to the Canadian interests from the abrogation or the treaty; but we pointed out at the same time the new and ul- timately more profitable chaniwls into which our foreign trade must in that event be turned, and the necessity of preparing for the onange, if indeed it was to f oome. We asked that tne British Minister at Washington might be instructed to state frankly to the American Y16 ^sire of the Canadian people for a renewal ^re £ ty, and our readiness to discuss and favourably entertain any just proposi- tions that might be made for an extension or modifica- tion of its conditions; we requested that the views of the American Government should be obtained at the earliest oonvenlent date, and that his Excellency Sir Frederick Brace should act in conoert with the Cana- dian Government in the matter. The Imperial Go- verinnent.. cordially assented to our suggestions." v ern The British Government "cordially assented;" but the question eomes from Canada, what, after all this a ?° ^y>has really been done ? Nothing by the Administration at home everything, if it be sincerely intended that the Canadians shall be left, permanently to erect their own citadels, proclaim their own hou^" hold gods, and be"an independent Power in the Ar^11" can world.- Staitdard. To us Canada is a source of weakness; whilffler re" latians with the mother country constitute^61 own chief strength, and therefore she cannot w absolved from the obligation to take prompt andndependent measures of military defence. The Canadian delegates are not altoother insensible of this, but they propose to carry ott their constitu- tional reforms in the first instano, and to proceed with their defensive preparation afterwards. This, however, would be little less thpn to render the whole scheme abortive. For while 1tleyexpressly disavow any intention of forcing confederation on the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, thoseprovinoes have, to al atmearance, decisively rejected the proposed amalgamation. At this rate, it will be fortunate if Americans do not carry out any ideas of invifv Canada while Canadians and New Brunswicke/l tjspsaicjj J.he conditions of their own internal go1- menls* iajihe Imperial country we have more once postponed the discussion of important mat on the gronnd that it was incompatible with the tom urgent demands of military defence. But the Q B nian delegates put the cart before the horse-thet to the forms of independence first and to the f; independence afterwards. Perhaps this is the only consideration which of less moment the extraordinary financial oblig which the delegates represent the British Govern to have undertaken. According, to their state; Great Britain virtually accepts the whole pecu responsibility; inasmuch as she pays directly on< the amount, and guarantees a loan for the remai We accept this statement with some reserve; it very unlike the frugality of Mr. Gladstone. Mor-u. it has lately become a common belief that the da. guaranteed loans have passed away. Ifaprospe: dependency of three millions is wanting either in credit necessary for contracting loans, or in the position to make some pecuniary sacrifice on its account, the .task of defending it must la regarde rather forlorn. In addition to this, a guarantee further demanded of a loan for the proposed ir colonial railway, on the pretext that it is ancillai the scheme of confederation which the British Got ment, desires to establish. These guarantees ma j °r even but they will lardly be without being submitted to a rigorous ana" by Parl:iament.-Pall Mall Gazette. Autumnal Proceedings c°Hcourses have begun. Tie Queer PS S a new statuo of the Princc Conso- T>,«1 a, oonsiderable English atteria«6ei town. The fete to the French fleet at Portsmom attracted great crowds. And our studies are beg! to be even more sociable than our amusenents. 5 Archteplogical Association has been sprading't about m the neighbourhood of Durham, asitL Roman altars to the Dolychene Jupiter md hai discourses on the Roman ancestry of the Neilles r International Social Science Association, rith ni English members, has just assembled at Bene. ST week the British Association is to havethe 114 brilliant and distinguished meeting it eve held Birmingham, and in October the Socia Sciei Association is to have one almost as brillianitmd c tmguished at Sheffield. Besides this there ias be a working men's exhibition opened in Birminam Lord Lyttelton, and in Wakefield by Lord Hnghtr We are becoming a sociable people. Tbre E evidently no autumn amusements more popwr th1 opportunities for the concourse of fortiiitoufc^Ste^ :Spectator. Austria and Prussia and the Federi Dif No wonder that Austria cannot keep quiet, Nor Prussia at rest-'Tis their horrible Diet, Which gives them both frequently symptoms of ri, And makes them uneasy whenever they try it The Germans all think it a great Institution, Q seldom agrees with a weak Constitution- A f ^rna an<3 -PruSBia had far better scout it And (Russell-like) rest and be thankful" witiout —V. in the iress.