AGRICULTURE. --+-- Three competitive exhibitions of cattle, machinery, and farm produce were held in Lancashire, namely, at Worsley, near Manchester, Ormskirk, and Accrington. The last named was the show of the North Lancashire Society, but was confined to machinery and a trial of implements, the more generally attractive though not more important exhibition commencing on Thursday, when some splendid specimens of the bovine class were exhibited. At Worsley, the president, theHon. Algernon Egerton, M.P., observed, that if some of the many small societies now dotted over South Lancashire were to amalgamate it would conduce to the interests of agriculture. The Cause of Mildew in Wheat. A correspondent of the Standard, writing upon this subject, says "Having seen some accounts of the mildew in wheat, and there being much of it this year, I venture to give you my opinion as to the cause of it. Having now been sixty years engaged in agricultural pursuits, I have acquired some knowledge on the subject. From observation and what I have read upon it, mildew is brought on by over-luxuriance, which, similar to the excess of blood in a human body, must result in pro- ducing disease. We used to have more of it years ago, but draining, grabbing up woods, giving more air, and rolling the land, have checked it, and rendered tlil appearance less frequent; the seasons also have been more favourable. "Tour readers may recollect that on July 6th we had a general thunderstorm in the morning, and after- wards the sun became very hot, and this continued for some days. On the day first mentioned I was at market, and told some young farmers and others that it was the worst day for wheat we had had for some years, as we should have the mildew; and I requested them to examine daily how the wheat went on. I did the same myself, and before a week passed over I drew my finger and thumb up the neck of an ear of wheat, and found it full of small spots. The warm ram and hot sun sent up such an abundance of sap that the ear could not carry it off, therefore it burst in several places and ran down the stem, making it look black after exposure to the air. I always found it in old meadow lands, where ditches or ponds were filled up, and that thin plants were the most affected, the flow of sap being greater in them. This year the wheats were in general thin in plant, and of a very dark green colour, and more likely to have it; besides thin plants have more room to extend their roots, and have a larger supply of sep after sudden changes.
HINTS UPON GARDENING. IN order to maintain a certain amount of gaiety in the conservatory, a stock of succession plants must necessarily be kept up. Any plants, therefore, in pots, which it is desirable should be grown quickly, may now have a shift; it will not, however, be advis- able to give them large pots at this season, as what- ever wood the plant now makes must be ripened, with perhaps the exception of such free-flowering plants as bloom on the current growing wood. As this shift will be all that will be required dating the winter months, the drainage of the pots should be ample. When established, a free open situation should be selected for the newly-potted plants, in order that any new growth made may be ripened. Flower Gardens and Plant Houses. Every means must now be taken to keep turf, gravel, and edgings of all kinds in the neatest possible order, that no drawback to the complete keeping of the whole may occur; dead flowers should be picked off daily, and stray growths reduced within proper limits. Trailing and climbing plants should be fre- quently gone over, to keep them neatly though not stiffly trained and secured against winds. Dahlias Take care that the laterals of these are well staked out, and use every means to entrap earwigs and other vermin which injure the flowers.-Pansies: Booted cuttings of these should now be ready. It will, there- fore, be necessary to make beds for their reception. In doing this it is absolutely necessary that wireworms should be caught, therefore the compost should have repeated turnings; for these pests i are as destructive to young pansies as they are to carnation layers.— Roses Remove dead flowers and encourage the pro- duction of autumn blooms in the perpetuals, by water- ing with liquid manure.-Talips: Throw out the soil from the bed on to the paths, so that it may sweeten previously to being returned.—Verbenas:—Go over beds of these frequently. Where the plants are still growing, pegging and training will involve consider- able attention, removing decayed flowers, and cutting back such of the shoots as may incline to encroach upon the edging of the beds. FORCING GARDEN.—Peaches: The late warm dry season will have been very favourable to wood ripen- ing; but where any is still immature, means must be taken to forward it, as next year's success will very much depend upon ripening being properly effected. Keep the foliage clean and free from inserts, and endeavour to preserve it in health as long as pos- sible.—Vines: See that vines from which the fruit has just been cut are free from inseets, giving the foliage an occasional washing with the engine if red spider is at all troublesome; and use every precaution to keep the leaves in health as long as possible. Pre- vent tiio growth of laterals, which only shade and in- jure the principal foliage. Late grapes colouring should be assisted with slight fires at night, especially mus- oats. Thrips are frequently very troublesome in late vineries where plants have been grown under the vines, and where there is any reason to expect these, the foliage should be frequently examined closely, giving the honse a heavy smoking as soon ag they are per- ceived, and repeating this for two or three times at intervals of about a week. Shading the house the day after smoking where it can be done, so as to keep it rather close, will render the cure more effectual; and if the pest is taken before it gets quite estab- lished, it will be easily got rid of by two or three amokings, but unless taken in time it is very difficult to eradicate. Hardy Fruit and Kitchen Garden. Summer pruning and nailing in of the current year's wood will require following up. Currants, goose- berries, ana raspberries where time will permit these will be benefitted by the remaining wood of the present | growth being thinned, leaving only sufficient to turnishnext season's crop. Decaying crops: Clear away the haulm, stamps, and refuse of crops directly they are over, burn them, and if the ground is not wanted dig the ashes in, and let the land remain till required. At this season, however, there is seldom ground to spare; for it should be re- membered that the supply for several months of the next winter and spring will depend on the diligence now made use of iu planting out, as largely a supply ef those kind of vegetables most likely to be in demand as oan possibly be found room for. Potatoes and other crops soon coming off may therefore be inter- lined with any of the different kmds of broccoli or Winter greens: and where these are not sufficient, a quantity may be planted at one foot apart, to wait for ground as it comes in bv the removal of other crops.- Pear Trees These may now, if not already done, have the breastwood out back to five or six eyes, begianing TO the W vigorous first, as they will be the least li&Die start.— Gardener's Chronicle..
SPOILS AND PASTIMES. _u- SEVERAL of the Pointers which belonged to the Lord Willoughby d JSreaby are at present for sal0> Three of these dogs WOle purchased the other day by Sir William Elliot, of StiAs, for 420 each. M. SCHMIDT, a wild beyk tamer, was nearly torn to pieces the other day at au exhibition in. France, in en" deavooxing to separate a pet hiaena from a lion. He succeeded in dragging his friend the hytena into another cage, and closing the trap between the lion's cage and his own and his friend the hyaena's. LAST week the Earl of Carnarvon called together his numerous tenantry to Castle Highclere, Hants, and communicated to them the pleasing intelligence that they would have perfect liberty to kill hares and rab- bits on the lands in their occupation belonging to his jordehip, from the 1st of October next until the 1st of ■"•■arch in the ensuing year. THROUGHOUT Dumbartonshire, Argyleahire, and western districts of Perthshire, the sportsman's Prospects are of the most cheering description. On extensive Bhooting ranges between Inversnaid and Aberfoyle, Portnaoaple and Arrocher, Ben "Valick and J-airndow, the grouse are described as unusually strong, keepers in many instances affirming that the birds were stronger on the wing three weeks ago than what ye&rn W6Tn. on August for the last few #WB. The coveys are numerous, and range from eight to eleven birds each, and very few Darren birds I are to be seen. There is a numerous stock 01: roe-deer I in the various forests, and the animals are in excellent condition. Hares are not so numerous as in some former years. Black grouse are plentiful, and par- tridges llnusually 90. THE young King of Greece has returned to Athens. For a month he had the satisfaction of swimming and yachting like .any of his subjects at Corfu, and enjoyed the dignity of being bored by signing ordm- ances and listening to statements, destitute alike of truth and amusement, like the greatest monarch in Europe At Corfu he was very popular with the Ioni&M, who still cherish their anti-British rancour and since his return he has succeeded with some skill in winning popularity among the more censorious »the laucasli. &.MOO to £ 25 aside and the champion challenge belt came off on Saturday afternoon at the CGPenta|^ Newton-heath. The competitors were Edward Lowe, of Whitworth, near Rochdale, and Jo&eph Newton, alias "Teapot," of Stalybridge, and the conditions of the match were that they, should wrestle the best t wo of three back falls, and that each man's weight should be restricted to 6 score 101b. There were up- wards of 1,500 persons present, and the betting was 2 to1*on Lowe, who gained the first throw, after a hard struggle, in 29 minutes 25 seconds. He also gained the second in 3 minutes and 30 seconds, and therefore was declared the winner. Mr. Thomas Hayes, the proprietor of the grounds, was the referee and sta e- holder. Lowe, who held the belt before, still retains possession of it, but is open to be challenged any time on the terms above-meiationea. THE first bull-fights (says a Pans letter) have taken place at Mont de Marson. The appearance of the first bull created considerable sensation among the fair portion of the spectators, many of whom took flight at once. On Tuesday the scene was very bril- liant, the terrified ladies having recovered their equa- nimity on discovering that the first day wen out any serious accident. Th^teen bulls and sixteen horses is the bill of these two days slaughter. divel and Manuel Perez were quite up to their reputa- tion, and a young mafadero, who killed tlsT^et last Sunday, excited great enthusiasm. The arena accommodated 4,000 persons, and wa,s .crowded to excess on Tuesday. M. Satapie., the onginator of the hideous idea of transplanting this Spamsh amusement to French soil, is himself a distinguished and in the costume of a genuine toreador descends into the arena and takes part himself m these gladia- torial games. On Tuesday, 'one hull, having four horses, knelt upon one of its victims, and, o up the arena, snorted defiance at the spectators, then turning round, still kneeling on the slaughtered horse, looked up at M. Satapie with an inexpressible air of triumph. Tremendous applause burst forth irom all sides of the amphitheatre, and I doubt not that tne bull excited more enthusiasm than the most popular artiste of the Italians.
FACTS AND FACETI-ffi. A stroke at every tree fells none. A hungry man is unmanageable. To be docile, he must, like a horse, have first a bit in his mouth. A Reflection.-In marriage the heart of a widow is like a furnished apartment, where one is apt to find something left there by a former lodger. "Well, Mr. Tree, if you are about to leave I shall detain your trunk," exclaimed an incensed landlady to her lodger, who was slightly in arrears. A country gentleman advertises for a small black tan leather cellar, through which was the head of a black tan terrier dog." A gentleman who did not live very happy with his wife, on the maid telling him that she was about to give her mistress warning, as she kept scolding from morning till night, said, Happy girl! I wish I could give warning too." Irish Exhortation.—An Irishman in Pittsburg, who was exhorting the people against profane swear- ing, said he was grieved to see what he had seen in that town. "My friends," said he, "such is the profligacy of the people aroand here that even little children, who can neither walk nor talk, may be seen running about the streets cursing and swearing!" A Husband's Pun. Joe calls his wife his counterpart, With truth as well as whim, Since every impulse of her heart, Runs counter still to him. A few days since a fellow was tried for stealing a saw, but ha said he only took it in a joke. The iustioe asked him how far he had carried it, and was answered, about two miles." That is carrying the joke too far," said the magistrate, and committed the prisoner. Be off with you, you don't stuff such nonsense into me," said a gawky policeman; six feet in his boots! Why no man as lives stands more than two feet in his boots, and no use talking about it. § You might as well tell me the man had six heads in his hat." CONUNDRUMS. Why is a widow like a dilapidated house ? Because she wants to be re-paired. Now, papa, what is humbug ? It is," replied papa, when ma pretends to be very fond of me, and puts no buttons on my shirt." What is that you do not wish to keep, and yet re- fuse to give away ? Your bed. Why is the owner of a bathing machine like a tallow-chandler ? Because he deals in dips. What musical instrument has had an honorary degree conferred upon it ? Fiddle, D.D." Why is a nail fast in the wall like an old man ? Because he is infirm. Never take a nap in a railway carriage, 'cos why ? The train always runs over sleepers. Why are two lawyers like two sawyers P Because, work how they may, down must come the dust. What exclamation of three words could a person make on seeing a fire which would give the names of three eminent authors ? "Dickens, How-itt Barns." I was not aware that you knew him," said Tom Smith to an Irish friend the other day. Knew him," exclaimed he, in a tene that comprehended the know- ledge of more than one life-time; I knew him when hia'futher waB a little boy. A young lady having given a gentleman, who was not very remarkable for his taste in drees, a playful slap on the face, he called out, "You have made my smart" Well," said she, "I am glad I have made something smart abeut you." A ladv had two servant maids, called Susan and Lfi nieht the lady rang the bell more than Sarah. O g wered; and when Susan came to the drawing.room, the lady said, Where's Sarah?" "Why, madam (said Susan m sotto voce), she is a courting with William." ^ay« yo« Wn doing, that the bell was not answered sooner? To tell you the honest truth (said Susan) I have been watching Sarah and William.. You see, grandma," said a precocious youth to an old lady of the past school, "that when I suck this egg, or more properly speaking, when I extract the nutri- tive matter by a sudden and peculiar action ot the muscles of the throat, I first make an incision in the apex, and then a corresponding aperture in the base. "Mercy me! Why, how things do ohange! When I was a gal, all we did was to make a hole in each end, and down it went. My stars1 this here child hain t erot long to live, I know." Whiskers and Kisses -The American "Joe Miller" has the following --The editress of the Lan- caster Literary Lfazette says she would as soon nestle her nose in a rat s nest of swingle tow as allow a man with whiskers to kiss her. We (Petersburg Gazette) don't believe a word or it. The objections which some ladies pretend to have to whiskers all arise from envy. They don't have any. They would if they could; but the fact is, the continual motion of. the lower jaw is fatal to their growth. The ladies God bless them !— adopt our fashions as far as ohey can. Look at the depredations they have committed on our wardrobes the last few years. They have appropriated our shirt- bosoms, gold studs, and all. They have encircled their ssft, bewitching necks in our standing collars and cravats—driving us to flatties and turn-downs. Their innocent little hearts have been palpitating in the in- side of our waistcoats instead of thumping against the outside, as naturally intended. They have thrust their pretty feet and ankles through our unmentionables, nrtwhisperables? untMnkaboutables and tney are skipping along the street in our high-heeled boots. Do you hear, gentlemen ?—we say boots!
EXTRAORDINARY CHARGE. On Monday Charles Gordon Sprague, a, surgeon, Who was recently tried and acquitted on an indictment charging him with administering poison to Sarah Chalker, his mother-in-law, with intent to murder her, at the Exeter Assizes, was brought before the Lord Mayor (Alderman Hale), at the Justice-room of the Mansion-house, charged with rape. The prosecutrix was Hannah Hart, a respectable- looking young woman, who gave her evidence with much propriety of manner. She said, mostly in reply to questions from the Bench: I am twenty- five years of age next birthday, and am a servant to Mr. Jenkins, a surgeon at 22, Philpot-lane, Fenchuroh- street. Mr. Jenkins occupies the whole house there. The prisoner has been in Mr. Jenkins's service two days as an assistant. Mr. Jenkins left town on Saturday morning, and I and a boy were left in the house with the prisoner, who attended in the surgery. On Saturday afternoon, about three o'clock, I was taken very ill, and went apstairs to my bedroom. The prisoner was not in the house at that time. I believe he had gone out to attend patients. I told the boy I was ill, and that I would lie down for an hour. I asked him to call me at fcur o'clock. I closed my door, and went to sleep. The Lord Mayor: Did you undress ? I Witness: No. I do not know how long I slept be- fore I was roused by the boy, who told me the doctor was coming up to see me. I said I did not wish him to come up, as I should be better soon. The prisoner came upstairs shortly afterwards into my room, and, taking a chair, sat down by my bedside and asked what was the matter with me. I said I felt very poorly. The boy was then in the room. He sent the boy downstairs to the surgery for a particular bottle of spirits of some kind, but I cannot tell you the name of the spirits. The boy came back and said he could not find the bottle. He brought up a bottle of some- thing else, but it was not the right one. The prisoner then sent him into Mr. Jenkin's bedroom to bring some brandy, which he did. He first gave me a wineglass full of the brandy, which quite overpowered me. The boy was then in the room. The prisoner had requested me to drink it all at once, and I did so. He then put hiso-hand up my drawers to my left side, and asked if I felt any pain there. I said I did not. He raised my head up and gave me another glassful of something which I believed was brandy. He told me to drink it at once, and I did so. He said I should be quite right after I h&d had that. I lost all my senses then, and could not remember anything after that until I was roused by a heavy weight upon me. I then found the front of my dress all open, and my clothes thrown up over me. I heard the prisoner walk out of the room as far as the landing. I was raising myself up in bed, when he came in and threw something over me which burnt very much, and scorched my neck. He stood by the side of my bed while he threw it over me. It took my breath away, and I felt the burning directly. I tried to speak, but I could not. He went out of the room after he threw it. I cannot remember anything from that time. I was afterwards awoke by a sickness, and tried to get out of bed, but I could not. It was quite dark at that time. I lay there until the boy called me, and said two sergeants of police wanted to speak to me. I went downstairs and spoke to them. I never saw the prisoner again until yester- day, when I charged him with committing a rape. (The witness here described the circumstances of a criminal assault.) The boy had been out with some letters, and on his return he said he had rung all the bells, but nobody had come to let him in. The prisoner had left the house when the two police-sergeants came. I did not see him again until half-past twelve or one ON Sunday. He had been out all night. Mr. Jenkins went away on Saturday morning to go to Wales, and the prisoner accompanied him to the railway station. On Sunday morning, before the prisoner returned, I sent for Mr. Goode, a surgeon. When the prisoner came homo I was upstairs dressing. He rang the bell three times. I went down and answered it. When he came in I asked what he thought of himself in leaving me in the state he did on Saturday night. He replied he did not know what I meant. I was going upstairs to finish dressing when he called me back, and said he was sorry for having kept me up, and asked me to forgive him for what he had done. I said I would not. I had sat up waiting for him until four o'clock on Sunday morning. He asked me a second time to forgive him. I told him I had some one waiting for him. I meant a policeman. I went upstairs, and when I came down he was out. A policeman was outside looking for him. I did not see him again until five o'clock, when he came in with his brother. The boy went out at my request for apoliceman. He rang the bell and I let the policeman in. I took the policeman into the surgery, where the prisoner was, and I charged the prisoner with committing a rape upon me. The prisoner made no reply. He was taken I to a police-station, and I went there afterwards with another policeman.. I was first examined by Mr. Humphreys, a surgeon, at the station, and again this mornins bv another surgeon, Mr. Marsh, a friend of my master. ) After some further corroborative evidence from this witness, and from police-sergeant White, Mr. Thomas Bennett Humphreys, surgeon, of Trinity- quare, deposed that he was sent for to go to the police-station in Seething-lane about half-past six o'clock on Sunday evening, where he saw the prosecu- trix, Hannah Hart. He was told the charge against the prisoner, and he was requested to examine her. She told him what had happened in pretty mneh the same terms as she had stated in evidence. All medical evidence on such matters could only go to probabilities. From what he saw he inferred a prob- ability of a recent connection, but it might not have been violent. He was not justified in saying anything beyond probability. The Lord Mayor eventually remanded the prisoner until the 22nd inst., and declined to entertain his ap- plication to be admitted to bail.
THE THREATENING APPROACH OF CHOLERA. A considerable amount of anxiety is naturally felt at the apparently sure progress of the cholera towards this country, but at the same time the disease does not now come to us as a new disease; and even supposing that it should again prove a scourge to our land, it will not be accompanied with the same terrors as when it visited ns in 1832-3, 1847-8, and 1853-4. Even during the last visitation, with all the knowledge we had gathered from former outbreaks, there was a large number of deaths, and a more than equally pro- portionate amount of alarm; but since then, not only sanitarians, out otners, nave round OUT: inat in cnoiera, as in other complaints, there is still the same cause and effect. Remove the former, and we shall have to look in vain for the latter. In the earlier visitations of the pestilence, especial attention was directed towards the character and quality of the food partaken of. For instance, fish, vegetables, and fruit were absolutely prohibited, and the result was, as experience has since shown, that those who had altered their former style of living were the first to be attacked. The reason of this is obvious. Nature, by her various seasons and fruits, points out what it is intended that men should partake of. To alter at once the system of diet is to disarrange the whole system of the digestive organs, and they were more liable to be affected by any ex- haustive disease, such as cholera, than if the same old cautious system had been continued. Bat Re- spective of food, it has been demonstrated that those causes which would generate typhus and other zymotic diseases, would be sure to act as pre- disposing causes of cholera. Where there is over- crowding, bad ventilation, and accumulations of refuse there will be found typhus and cholera. Again, it was proved by the late General Board of Health, after the most complete inquiry that ever was made as to the cause of the propagation of the disease, that water impregnated with sewage was almost sure to engender or rather fructify the disease. It was shown that in a street, one side of which was inhabited by persons drinking comparatively pure water, they escaped; while those living on the other side of the same steeet, who drank of water impregnated witfi sevrage, sulrer to a fearful extent. In the last visitation the General Board of Health and the local authorities made great mistakes. In their excess of zeal they set about the work of purification, but then the disease was present amongst us, and the efforts they made in the way of cleanliness only added to the causes promulgating the disease. The removal of nui. sances in the presence of an infectious disease is the surest way to increase its fatal influence. We have now, however, ample warning. Cholera has gradually crept towards us from the East, until it found itself well domiciled in Alexandria and Cairo; and, judging from the course it has taken this year, we may reason- ably expect that it will visit our shores, and the loeax authorities must bestir themselves ere the pestilence arrives. There is not the slightest occasion for fear if people will only look the danger fairly in the face. Let the lime brush be at once set to work. Let the inspectors of nuisances redouble their efforts, and compel the removal of refuse; let them see that cesspools, where they are in use, are emptied, and cisterns thoroughly cleansed; let courts, alleys, and bye-streets be effectually washed with the hose and jet; and, above all, let the working classes be warned that they have tne lives of themselves and their children in their own hands if they will only live temperately, and give their children such wholesome food as their means will allow. At this season of the year for the poor to reject fruit and vegetables in moderation would, according to the best information obtained, be folly. They would suffer much more by having their systems thoroughly dis- organised by this change of diet than they would if they went on in their own quiet way. The local authorities in previous visitations objected to the central power exercised by the General Board of Health. The Legislature has listened to their com- plaint, The General Board of Health has been abolished, and the responsibility now lies with the local authorities. May they use their power well!— Observer.
DEFRAUDING LONDON TRADESMEN. A Singular Conspiracy. At the Manchester Assizes last week, Dorothy Field and James Owen were indicted for having conspired and fraudulently attempted to obtain goods from a number of tradesmen, including Messrs. Morley, J. S. Smith, and other London firms, from whom goods were obtained to stock a shop in Corporation-street, Man- chester, lately opened by the female prisoner. When the firms who supplied goods required a guarantee, they were referred to a Mr. J. N. Williams, at Abergele, and further to Mr. James Owen, at Tyn-y-maen; and it was alleged by the prosecution that the male prisoner went to Wales at the time, got the letters which were sent to those addresses, and then forwarded the replies, on the faith of which the goods were then sent to the female prisoner. Mr. Leresohe and Mr. Jordan appeared for the prosecution; Mr. Cottingham for the defence. The first witness called was- Detective Bateman, who said, on the 25th of July last he went with Detective Russell, of London, to Corporation-street, where he found the male prisoner. He was taken to the police-station, and he said, in reply to the charge, It is a most infamous charge they are making against me." On their proceeding to the female prisoner's house she was at tea, and when the warrant was read to her she made no reply. Russell asked her for the private letters, and she told him they were upstairs. Some letters were found in a drawer, which had been put in evidence. Among the letters referred to were the following :— Monday Morning. My dear Wife,—I received two letters from you this morning. I am glad to find that the London goods have arrived. If you have written to the other houses, and sent my address, I may expect a letter from them on Tuesday or Wednesday, consequently I must stay in this place until then. At present I can do no more good with this present address than at home, and you are to let me know when I had better be home. It is a very quiet place, and dull, but still business must be attended to, other- wise I should have gone away to-day to Tyn-y-maen. I find it would be useless for me, and expensive besides, to run by rail every day twenty miles for my letters. I have also pressed on Willy to stay here a few days longer; you never saw such a change in your life; he is quite another man; eats for breakfast large basin of milk and bread, then cup of coffee, &e. good dinner, also two eggs for tea, &c.; supper; and milk and rum first thing in the morning. I think it's the "sea air" is doing a good deal of good. If he will continue so he will soon have coinage enough to pop the question to some of the fair maids of Wales; then we shall have "A bidding in Wales," as the picture repre- sents. Now, about myself-I am getting fat and corpu- lent, and fear you will have no chair large enough, besides, the bed will be too small; but you had better not change them till my return. Tell Miss Smith to write sharp to J. E. Smith and Co., London, about the remainder of his order. Also tell Emma to get all the papers from the other house; not to leave any whatever Now, my dear Dora, be careful not to weary yourself, and ndt to walk too much and fret When you can send me a little money by P.O. to Abergele do so; yet I am not without a few shillings. Good-bye, dear Dora-God bless you. With love to all, yours ever, IAGO. Abergele, North Wales, Saturday, three o'clock. Dear wife,—I am happy to say Willy arrived here safe this afternoon Willy will stay with me till Monday. I wish to goodness he had not gone to Liver- pool. He met with some low fellows on board the steamer, and of course they drank the bottle ef wine for him, not mentioning his spree in Liverpool after I left him. I gave him 10s. in Liverpool, and I believe he is without money now To-morrow, I think, we shall have Civ. Iar for dinner. Dear Dora, please let me know how they are getting on at the shop, as I am very anxious; and I trust you have written to London, then, on Tuesday I will get their letters. I am certain the country will soon bring Willy round; he is in very good spirits, and com- menced drinking buttermilk.—Tour husband, JAMES, Tuesday morning. My dear Wife.-I am happy to say that Willy and self are enjoying very good health. I bought four chops at Rhyl and got them cooked at our lodgings, and I assure you Morris did ample justice to two of them, and I did to the others. No London letters this morning Had I not better stay here for a few days longer, in case want more J references ? George ILassell, sergeant In the London detective force, was the next witness. He went to Abergele and to Tyn-y-maen in connection with the case, to trace J. N. Williams and James Owen, and he had also to inquire about any property Mrs. Field had there, especially about a farm called Tyn-y-roedyn. He did not find any such persons, or any such farm. He afterwards put himself in communication with the Manchester police. Cross-examined: He was in- structed by Messrs. Reid and Phillips, solicitors, who were acting for Messrs. Morley and others, who had been defrauded. Did not know that a proposal was made to Mrs. Field to make an assignment for the benefit of her creditors. Mr. Cottingham, who was engaged for the defence, set up the olaim that the female prisoner should be released on the ground of her being the wife of the male prisoner and under his control. His lordship would not stop the case on this point, but would leave it for the jury to decide. Mr. Leresche then summed up the case for the prosecution, and said with regard to the point of marriage which his friend had set up at the last moment, the jury were now asked to believe Mrs. Field was that which she had sworn she was not. He apprehended they would use their own common sense with regard to that, and would require at least oath against oath to believe that she was married now. Mr. Cottingham having addressed the jury for tie defence, His lordship summed up, and asked the jury whether the parties had pursued the course it was stated they had done with the view of bolstering up the credit of one of them, and with the intention, when the goods ) were in their possession, to do what they pleased with them. If the jury believed this they, as ordinary men of the world, would place their own construction upon it. With reference to the alleged mamage, with the female prisoner's oath before them, that she was not married, and no proof having been given that they were, he should ask the jury to find specially whether the parties were married or not, because, if they were, there could be no conspiracy, and they must be ac. quitted. They would also consider whether the parties had oonspired, and to enable them to de- cide in so important a commercial case—which was so important that he was surprised that it had been sent intothatoourt—he should read over theevidence and the letters; but, before doing so, as the council for the de- fence had thought proper to assail Miss Smith he must say that he had never seen a fairer or a better witness. The result of the present case had been brought about by the honesty, firmness, and good sense of Miss Smith. Her lettera had shown a good deal of ability and her oondact had shown a good deal more. His lordship then read through the evidence, and nearly the whole of the letters, numbering about thirty, and in conclusion simply said the jury would have to con- sider their verdict on each of the three counts. The jury, after an absence of a quarter of an hour. found the prisoners guilty on the three counts, and they also found that the parties were not married. His lordship, in passing sentence, said the prisoners had been tried with an amount of patience which could scarcely have been exceeded, and the counsel for the defence had performed his duty with an assiduity which could hardly be exceeded. They had also been found guilty on the count which charged them with conspiring to defraud as many people as would trust them with their goods. The evidence had not only satisfied the jury, but it had abundantly satisfied him. The whole of the proceedings had been carried out with an ingenuity the equal to which it had never been his lot to see. That the property so obtained had not been disposed of was attributable to the prompt and judicious oourse of conduct taken by Miss Smith, by means of which the police were put upon their track. He should sentence the prisoners to eighteen months' imprisonment with hard labour, and order them to pay a fine of 6d, to her Majesty.
MAJOR DE VERE, R.E., SHOT BY A SAPPER. A dreadful crime was committed in the Chatham garrison last week. A sapper named Carry tired from a window at Major F. H. De Vere while thsn officer was on duty, and the ball passed through the upper part of the urifortanate officer's body, iaflicuing a wound which the surgeons pronounced to be f&-uRl. Carry is a young soldier, about twenty-two ysars of age, and had not long been in the service. It is stated th",t he had a revengeful feeling against the major in consequence of that officer having a few months sin oe caused him to be punished for negleat of duty during fiddwork drilL Shortly after one o'clock, on Friday, while the d oty men were mustered on parade, and while Major De Yere was standing with his back to K honse, some twenty yards from a room in which Curry then was, the officer was shot. The assassin had taken his measures well. He was cook to the men in his rosm on that day. His comrade having left to attend the parade, Curry was alone. The room he was in is one in the second story of letter K house. From this window, when the major's back was towards him, the assassin fired his rifle; from the height at which it was fired, the ball, which entered the major's left shoulder, took a downward, diagonal course, passing through the lungs, and coming out below the heart. The ball then struck the ground a few yards off, re- bounded, and was lost for a time, though immediate and careful search was made for it. When the unfortunate officer was struck, he placed his hand on his side, turnod round once, exclaimed Oh Lord! oh God and fell into a brother officer's arms. The dreadful occurrence, of course, created the greatest excitement and confusion-officers left their companies, and men their ranks. The wounded gen- tleman was immediately conveyed to the officers' quarters in No. 5 house, and plenty of surgical aid was quickly obtained. Besides Dr. Seddell and Dr. Mao- lean, military surgeons, Dr. Seabrook, Dr. Martin, Dr. Weekes, and other civilian surgeons were soon in at- tendance, and did all in their power to save the wounded man or alleviate his sufferings; but they could entertain no hope of his recovery-the wound was pronounced to be a mortal one. The dreadful tidings were immediately conveyed to the major's wife, and She was soon by the side of her wounded husband. The scene of anguish may be con- ceived. The assassin had been instantly arrested. A court of inquiry was held. Curry is reported to have said when he was questioned, "I hope he is dead; I in- tended to kill him, and have been waiting my oppor- tunity for some time." The prisoner was conveyed under a strong escort to the guard-room, there to await for a time the result of the attempted murder. On Monday morning he was brought up for ex- amination before the sitting magistrates at the Police- court. Throughout his brief examination he appeared to be an apparently unconcerned spectator of all that was goiag forward, and seemed to treat the matter with the utmost indifference. The Rev. J. J. Marsham, the presiding magistrate, asked the prisoner if he had anything to say why he should not be remanded. Prisoner: No, sir, I have nothing to say. He was then informed that he steed remanded until Wednesday, and was at once removed. Since he has been in custody the. prisoner has continued to manifest the most stolid indifference, seldom speaking, and when alluding to his crime invariably regretting that he had not killed Major De Vere, whom he denounces as the greatest tyrant to be found in her Majesty's service. The only excuse he makes appears to be that Mijor De Vere had confined him to the cells, and also reduced him to a lower class in his working squad. On no oo- casion has he alluded to his crime without speaking of Major De Vere in the most contemptuous terms, and regretting that the rifle bullet had not taken fatal effect.
THE NEW HEIR TO THE THRONE OF B USSID. The Journal de St. Peterbsurg gives the following details respecting the solemnity of taking the oath of fidelity by the hereditary Grand Duke Alexander, on the occasion of his majority. The Grand Duke, heir to the Imperial throne, having entered on his 21st year on the 10th of March last, the 20th of Joly was fixed for the ceremony of swearing fidelity to the Emperor and to the country, as well as to maintain the estab- lished order of succession:- "The day was ushered in by the ringing of all the bells in the churches, and before noon the Imperial Guard and detachments from the army marched to the Winter Palace, in the great chapel of which the ceremony was to take olace. Before one o'clock all the dignitaries of the Orthodox Church, of the Roman Catholic Churoh, and of the. Dissenting communities, had assembled in the sanctuary of the ohapel. At one precisely General Pluvartine, Prince Paul Gargarine, and Prince Menschikof fentered the ohapel bearing the Imperial insignia on velvet cushions, and deposited them on a table prepared for the purpose. Imme- diately after the diplomatic body entered, headed by the Duke d'Ossuna, the Spanish ambassador; next came the high dignataries of the empire, the wives of the ambassadors, and of the Russian digni- taries. After all had taken their seats, the Emperor, and the Empress, followed by the Imperial family, arrived, and were met at the door by the Metropolitan of St. Petersburg and the Holy Synod. As soon as the Imperial family had taken their places, the service commenced. When the time came for the Grand Dake to take the oath the Emperor conducted him to a desk on which lay a crucifix and the Hoiy Gospels. The Metropolitan handed the formula of the oath to the Grand Duke, who, holding it in his left hand, and with his right raised towards heaven, repeated the woids. The Metropolitan next asked his Imperial Highness to sign the document, which he did. The Grand Dake then bowed low to the Emperor, who stepped forward and embraced him, as did also the Empress. At this moment the cannon fired a salute, and the bells rang forth joyfully. After the conclusion of the service, the cortege was again formed and proceeded to the Throne-room, where, as soon as the Emperor had ■ taken his seat on the Throne, the Grand Duke took a second oath to serve his Imperial Majesty faithfully according to all the military regulations. After the conclusion of the ceremonies their majesties left the Winter Palace and went to the Palaoe of Yeaguine." On the occasion of taking the oath by the Grand Duke, his name was inscribed on the muster-rolls of all the regiments and oorps of which his Majesty is chief, and of which his Imperial Highness did not already form part.
THE REVOLUTION IN PERU. A dispatch from Panama oontains the following:- By the Sawance, which arrived at this port on the 13th, news has been received from Callao to the 6th. On the 5th a bloody engagement took place six miles from Lima, between 12.000 rebels and 6,000 Govern- ment troops, in which the latter were successful, taking prisoners 100 men and 25 offieers, besides the killed. A few days previously, a mutiny broke out on board the Amazonas, the flagship, while blockading the port of Arioa, resulting in the death of Admiral Penizo and other officers, and the capture of the ship by the mutineers. The Amazonas afterwards pro- ceeded to Pisco, where the sloop-of-war America, lately brought from Europe, was at anchor, and signalised the captain to oome on board, which he did, and was immediately made prisoner. The Amerioa was then ordared to surrender, which was done the crew yielding without the least resistance. A small steamer, the Tumbas, which was cruising off Islay, is also supposed to have been captured by the rebels. Montero-is said to have been in command of the rebel fleet. The Government have now only the Apurimac and Chalaco that are available as vessels of war, as it is doubtful that the famous iron-olads, that were to sink the Spanish fleet, and which, probably, may be used in guarding the Chinahas Islands, are fit for the service. The following particulara are published:- The officer of the marine guard on board the Amazonas, under pretence of exercising the men at target practioe, served out twelve rounds of ball cartridges to each. After firing one round he detailed squads of five to seize different officers, while he with a party entered the cabin to take possession of Admiral Panizo, who refused to surrender. A fight ensued between them, in which the admiral, after a gallant defease, was killed, and his dead boiy was afterwards hanged at the yard-arm.
Good and Bad Men.—Baxter says a bad man may seem good in some good mood, and a good man may seem bad in some extraordinary falls; to judge of a bad man by his best hours, and a good man by his worst, is the way to be deceived in both.: