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1 TEE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH EXPEDITION.

oo OF VKOM ASTRONOMER ROYAL.

MURDER M THE HIGH SEAS.

PuwfgffxLVT, OF REBEL LEASEES.

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PuwfgffxLVT, OF REBEL LEASEES. Tfefe KsT-.THanry Ward Beeoheivas a representative of 'his, party, writes thus upon the crime and, oon, sequences of treason:— "Irdoaot knowef any crime that is greater than the Crime of treason against auon a, Government as owb and I hold that every man that has been a principal actor, a voluntary managing head of any! sort, in the late rebellion, and has continued to be Such to the last, not only is guilty of treason, but has earned most abundantly the extreme penalties of the law, Atod ef aU Southern men I do not know of any that I thiek worse of than Jeff, Davis. -Of course I am liable to be-blinded; and if I had found that all the Sou tlx loved him, and the North hated him, I should have said that we were controlled by the in- fiuenoe oar class; but I found that he was disliked by the Southern people even more than by the Northern people. I did ndt find a man that did him reverence but I found a great many men that de- amadeahim. They went further than I could go in discrediting liis ability, for X t'hink he has shown much ability. But it seems to me that he has been the worst. man, the waost deliberated bad -man that the South haa produced. He has been a man of fanaticism, and I of that kind of fanaticism that largely involves the nialig-nt okment. lbelieve theta was noinjustil19, no cf ueltj, and no scope of cruelty, and no persistence in it, which he was not capable of, if it was the only j way to carry his-end. He Was one of those men that coolly violate ev(»y prinoiple of Morality for the sake' of succeeding m their purposes. And I egàrd him as j the master criminal. I "Now, when he, with all the other chief rebels, are arrested and tried, it it oaa be shown that he has been oonnected with the atrocio as conspiracy to assassinate President Lincoln, I know of no reason why he should not give his life from the gallows, jaat as every other murderer does. If when the facta in the case are? brought to light it is determined that he has had a iandm this nefarious plot I shall notna ve a word to say, I and there will not be a word to be said at home 01, abroad, against his execution. But it he is convietad 1 only of having headed this rebellion, in other words, if hia offence is a political offence, I believe that he should "be tried for his life, that he should be eon- Seamed to death, and ihat then his sentence should be commuted to disfranchisement and banishment for. the rest of hiS daye. Sp'fttr as these men are concerned, we should not hang them for the sake of their reformation. And if we wish to produce a moral impression on the com- inanity, that is already produced to a degree that no; iaagiag can e(jual,r parallel, or augment in the slightest jWifin there is another consideration. The public ^emtinrtnt■ of Europe is against political executions,, for m Eutope political offenders have for the[most part; been men that have sought to ameliorate the oondition of the masses; end the common people have come to; fed that political executions mean the infliction, by at despotic government, of, punishment upon men that: have attempted to inaugurate greater freedom. "You may Bay, They do not understand the case. fto, Bieydo uot. JTou may say, Politioal offenoesl here are not like politaoal offences in Europe; political offences under a Republican government are not like! political offences under a monarchical government.; hat is true; but they do not see it, and cannot at> once be made to see it; iind the effect of. executing" the chief traitors in this country will be to produce) the feeling in Europe that Republics are cruel. I "The three charges against republics are, first, that.5 they are lawless; second, that they are insecure; and' third, that they are cruel. Bat we have shown tha; world that, instead of being lawless, they are law-' worshippers. We have shown through four years of terrific convulsion that property in them is secure. Never has this been more completely vindicated than in the subscription of forty millions a day to the national loan upon the heels of a four years' war. And I want my nation to stand up and defeat the third slander that is made agaiiastus, that, in the day of our triumph we are cruel, and to say, We are not only the most law-abiding and the most steadfast people in the world, but we are the most temperate, the most magnanimous, the most forbearing in the hour of our trial.' "I would withhold capital punishment from these offenders, then, not because they do not deserve capi- tal punishment, but because its infliction is not de- manded, and because it would create an injurious impression in Europe. I say, take a step of modera- tion in the direction of humanity, because it will be understood to the advantage of free government all the world over."

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