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SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.…

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SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. THE Wimbledon meeting has been brought to a close by a grand review of the volunteer force by the Dukeof Cambridge. Theattendanceduringthefirst days of the meeting was not so large, nor were the proceedings so animated as in former years. This is to be attributed, however, not to any falling off in the enthusiasm of the volunteers, but only to the absorbing claims which the general election put upon many of those who have usually taken part in the proceedings. The shooting through- out has been excellent, and never have well-de- serve i compliments been better paid than upon the past occasion. The review day, as a contrast to the preceding days, was never more crowded, nor the people more enthusiastic. CONSTANCE KENT has been convicted on her own confession, and sentenced to death. The crime, it must be confessed, is most cruel and debasing. Mr. Justice Willes, although not given to the melting mood, was seriously affected when passing sentence of death. And, although he could not hold out any hope of mercy, he yet suggested some points which may perhaps weigh with those who have to advise the Crown. In the first place there was no trial. This is always unsatisfactory to the British public, but could not be avoided upon this occa- sion, as the counsel for the defence approved the plea of guilty. Again she was convicted on her own confession, after a former charge had failed for want of evidence. Then there is the distance of time, the age, the sex, all of which, say those who are adverse to capital punishments, plead against her execution being otherwise then revolt- ing to a great portion of the community. Whether the sentence may be commuted to imprisonment for life is the subject which is now mooted. If there is doubt of her sanity let her be saved, and the crime seems almost too horrible to contem- plate as committed by a person of sound mind. THE Great Eastern steam-ship has found at last a fitting destination worthy of her enormous bulk and powers. She has become the ark and recep- tacle of the mighty cord which is to unite, by the interchange of friendly messages, the two great continents of Europe and America. The largest of vessels has now sailed on her destined purpose, with, we hope, every prospect, of success the pathways of the deep have been sufficiently tracked out by the perseverance and skilful know- ledge of able and scientific men-the length of the transatlantic cable now about to be laid, its preservation from injury, and the dangers to be avoided, have been calculated and provided for from the teachings of an earlier and unsuccessful experience, and the present undertaking is com- menced under better auspices than at any pre- ceding time. It is to be hoped that the great and costly experiment may be crowned with success, and result in promoting the peace, welfare, and increasing prosperity of the two nations that speak the same language, own the same origin, and whose shores will henceforth be united by the tie of an almost instantaneous communication. WE have sad accounts from Geneva of a shock- ing tragedy that has just taken place in the Swiss Alps. A party of English tourists, headed, it is believed, by Professor Tindale, determined to at- tempt the ascent of the Matterhorn, which has hitherto been deemed inaccessible. They reached the summit of the mountain in safety, but on their descending three of the number lost their lives. The names of thrill-fated gentlemen are said to be Lord Francis Douglas, the Rev. W. Hudson, and Mr. Haddc. The young nobleman referred to as the first of the three is brother and heir-presumptive of the Duke of Queensberry. a promising youth only in his eighteenth year. AFFAIRS in America are, on the whole, assuming a milder tone; the chief conspirators in the murder of Lincoln having been executed, justice would I appear to be sa-ulsRed; there are still, j however, agitators who declaim against Presi- j dent Johnson's policy, but they are believed to be J a small minority. It! is hoped that ere long j commerce will again flourish, and that ail tntnifcies j will cease. THE French official journals express an opinion I that the United States will early recognise-the J Imperial authority in Mexico. The Emperor I Maximilian is considered to be a sagacious ruler, and is applauded for adopting a policy which is likely to establish good relations between Mexico and the United States. He has been active in promoting public works, and establishing large and lucrative enterprises. An extensive trade is said to be already springing up between New York and Vera Cruz, and American merchants are beginning to perceive that Mexico is likely to offer to them a splendid market. Thus a good feeling seems to prevail between the two countries, and the guarantees of peace have of late been greatly strengthened. IN Prussia things grow worse and worse. The inhabitants of Cologne have always expressed themselves as opposed to the Government, and a few days ago they proposed to give a banquet to the representatives of the Lower House who had successfully resisted the demands of the sovereign to vote an additional sum of money for war purposes. The Government interdicted any ex- pression of public opinion at this meeting and the police authorities attended to prevent any toast being proposed which would offend his despotic majesty. Other meetings of a similar kind are likely to be held in the Prussian provinces, and it is believed that a general feeling of discontent prevails throughout the kingdom. THE Royal Agricultural Society's Exhibition at Plymouth has been very successful this year. The presence of the Prince and Princess of Wales, together with the French ships of war lying in the Sound, contributed to attract a host of visitors. The Prince and Princess journeyed through the principal towns on the west coast, and were everywhere received with enthusiasm. THE elections are now over, and although it has been asserted by Mr. Disraeli and others that there will be appeals against the returns of several Liberals, and that many independent members will vote in opposition to:the present Government, it is pretty certain that the Ministers will have a working majority of from forty to fifty votes on party divisions; but, as Mr. Glad- stone asserted in his speech, the Opposition will always be sufficiently strong to keep a Govern- ment honest. IT might be interesting to our readers to give a resume of the Parliaments for the last twenty years. It was on the 6th of July, 1846, that Lord John Russell became Prime Minister, and he retained that position until the 27th of February, 1852, when the Earl of Derby succeeded to the office of First Lord of the Treasury. On that day the noble Earl made his first ministerial state- ment to the House of Peers. On the 1st of July in the same year the Parliament was dissolved. The new Parliament reassembled on November 4th under the Premiership of the Earl of Derby. On December 3rd Mr. Disraeli, who wasChancellor of the Exchequer, made his financial statement. On that Budget the Conservative Ministry was beaten, and the Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister on the 28th of December. Lord Palmer- ston soon succeeded him, and had the reins of Government in 1857, when a majority tor sixteen against Ministers on the question ofichina in- duced the noble lord to dissolve the Parliament, and the dissolution took place on the "'25th of March. The new Parliament was ordered to meet on April the 30th, for the dispatch of business." This Parliament lasted until April, 1859, by which time Lord Derby had again become Prime Minis- ter. In the same month Mr. Disraeli brought in his Reform Bill, and it was defeated, on:the second reading, by 330 against 291. On this defeat Lord Derby dissolved the Parliament. On the 7th of June in the same year the new Parliament reassembled, but very soon after the commencement of its career, Lord Derby, who was still Prime Minister, was defeated by a majority of eighteen on a vote of want of confidence moved by the present Under Secre- tary for War, the Marquis of Hartington. Lord Palmerston then resumed the leadership, and has retained his post as First Lord of the .Treasury ever since. THE cholera has subsided in Egypt and has reached Constantinople. There has been a fear expressed that the disease is travelling westward, and alarmists state that it will reach our shores ere long. Western countries are reminded that prevention is better than cure, and both the French and English Government have given orders that in all sea-coast towns sanitary measures should be strictly enforced. It is said that cholera runs away from cleanliness as bugs run away from light. THE French Government has come to a very sensible conclusion with regard to railway acci- dents. According to a new order, large placards are to be posted for a year upon every station of the offending line, narrating circumstantially how, when, and where the accident happened, and the manner in which it might have been avoided. We bail with satisfaction anything which will bring the faults of railway officials prominently before the public. Perhaps there may be some usefulness in this French scheme, but, besides such an exposure of error, the authorities who are to blame should be also punished for any negli- gence on their part which endangers the lives of the passengers.

OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. --+--

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AMERICA. ;

THE CHOLERA IN EGYPT.

PRUSSIA. ^

THE BANQUET TO THE PRUSSIAN…

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