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AGRICULTURE. 1 --+--,

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AGRICULTURE. 1 --+-- Disease in Sheep and Cattle. The subject which was brought before the last meet- 32 9 of the Royal Agricultural Society by Mr. Simonds cannot fail to produce, under present circumstances, unwelcome impression. Mr. Simonds stated, for wte information of the council, that another outbreak 0 Smallpox in sheep has just taken place; this has occurred on the Sussex downs, amidst large flocks of sheep, midway between Lewes and Newhaven. The Pressor visited the flock, comprising six hundred e^es and lambs, and among them were found sixty-five ^'Bcfced with the disease. This is most unwelcome tes, for with the meat markets ruling at present high rlces, should the infection spread it will indeed aCOme a national calamity. There is also said to be a tearful typhoid visitation among the pigs, and with this disease in sheep superadded the future prospects of meat supply seem rather hazardous. We can only hope that by the experience gained during the former jtypearance of the disease, it may be arrested in time j;0 prevent further damage, and thus preserve our aocks for our use in due season. Hypothec and Game Laws in Scotland. IN Scotland there are two topics at the present time Occupying attention the law of hypothec and the fame laws; the former is purely local, and a commis alOn. has just issued a report suggesting some amelio- ration of the law, which seems worthy of considera- tion on the part both of landlord and tenant. The Stole laws belong to a more general subject, and that tWhich is done in the north may have some influence in the south. There have been meetings held to discuss the subject at the Chamber of Agriculture in Edin- btir,gh,,&t Aberdeen, and at Perth, as well as at other Places. One of the chief points seems to be to take hares and rabbits out of the category of game. At Aberdeen the two principal resolutions carried were- the first that hares and rabbits ought to be excluded fr&1I1 the operation of the game laws; that taeir pre- seation, being incompatible with good farming, is < contrary to .public good, and that therefore all con- tracts having for their object the preservation of bates and rabbits ought to be declared illegal/' The °ther is, that justices of the peace ought to have 110 jurisdiction in game-law cases." The resolutions generally at the different meetings are modifications "these two, which may be taken as showing the Cadency df opinion, and in order to got them carried it is ,proposed to form a Farmers' Defence League, the avowed object of which would be to bring about Some alteration in the game laws. Dishorning Cattle in Ireland. ONE of the topics which has lately produced much Controversy in the Irish agricultural world, is the £ racticenow prevalent of dishorning or polling cattle. "I I Jra a, correspondence which has been carried on in Irish journals by the advocates and opponents of process, it would appear that several statements r*9 putforward, one differing from the other. The jplVGeates—who are, of course, those deriving advan- from it— assert that the operation does not cause rffch pain to the animal, in fact, that it is not so j^&ftJ as other operations that are being continually ^formed on different descriptions of animals, aaiely, horses, cattle, «heep, and pigs. It is advanced that a cow, when unhorned by ViOlelice, becomes afterwards a better milker, jjpfig a greater quantity per diem; and that1 quality of the meat is improved, as $animal thrives better when deprived of those ^aral excrescences. The opponent, of course, assert direct contrary:; that the operation is painful in extreme, and deny altogether the supposed tantages of better milking and better quality of • and our convictions would certainly go with last, for it is impossible to conoeive that an ^Ual does not suffer severely daring the process, and ^Pecially afterwards; and it is equally impossible to ■Mer stand that an animal can give more milk or pro- a finer quality of meat from such mutilation. {J* there can be no doubt that the artificial manu- tito*6 P°^0d animals has been for a loag 0f going on in Ireland, under the impression the 8UPP°se^ advantages. We may admit, says 0(,r "ield, that horned animals are sometimes danger- and that some injuries may be received, or even lives lost, frominf uriated cattle, and also that it is a jjjpter of difficulty to keep a number of horned .glials in confined courts or yards, without their Retimes doing severe damage to each other. But the remedy.should be sought by such abarbarous tfi is, indeed, a subiect much to be regretted, and we .^ink ought to be restrained by a public (v ^Bination of the act. Nor can we accept the Ration as one of comparison, for while it must be that pain is inflicted in the .production of a Cijag, an ox, or a wether sheep, .yet the advantage hi cases has been ascertained, and is therefore j^itivg; while in the case of polling animals, beyond danger from a goaded beast or the injury that they &0] able to inflict on each other—both of which Is may be avoided by other means—no possible of can accrue to mitigate in any way the cruelty treatment. OF BUCKS.—London housewives, whose ^t ^e the duck is confined to the specimens aPpear at their area gate ready plucked and at S:ed by the poulterer, may not be aware that there varieties-the common brown duck, the Mus. UQIJ, (so called from the flavour of musk it affords, and 14d.cause it comes from Muscovy), the black East hlan, and the Aylesbury duck. The latter should fck; orange legs, feet, and bill, with snow-white ge. If it puts forth a few black feathers, it k*16 cross with the common breed, and fattens 9,^ slowly, and fetches less in the market. Duckers %f)a,c^ass persons resident within ten miles of v!iy'T^ose chief, if not only employment is to 6 "uokliags for the London market. They may classes—those who keep ducks Ws/f and those who rear duek- There are individuals in the L head, and in the latter who ducklings to London every season February and October.

HINTS UPON G-ARDESJTHG. ,--

!SPORTS AND PASTIMES. ---

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FACTS AND FACETIIE. -^

A RUNAWAY LOCOMOTIVE.

THE VOLUNTEER MEETING AT WIMBLEDON.

'THE CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER…

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