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r-THE COURT. t - I"

THE ARTS, LITERATURE, &6.

SHORTS AND PASTIMES. --

HINTS UPON" GARDJBSTING. .----

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HINTS UPON" GARDJBSTING. IT need scarcely be repeated that a garden can afford but little enjoyment unless good cultivation and cleanliness form its chief characteristics. Roses covered with aphides, cabbages spoiled by caterpillars, gooseberry bushes stripped of their foliage by similar means, are matters of but too common occurrence. What possible enjoyment, then, can be derived from such gardening ? To reap pleasure, and profit like- wise, such things must not be permitted to exist; ordinary attention, combined with a little persever- ence, will soon overcome the ravages of such pests. The first evidence of the presence of our foes ought to put us on the alert, and perhaps there is no more effectual or better remedy than hand-picking. In a few hours, in the early stage of the evil, by careful picking, one person will do as much as ten will when the mischief is permitted to exist for only a few days. Distributing freshly slacked lime over the soil will also, to some extent at least, check the migratory movements of caterpillars. Red spider is another of the enemies which deface the foliage of many plants, and particularly those against walls with projecting coping. Although this is not so easily discovered with the naked eye as a caterpillar, it is nevertheless a more destructive and more unconquerable opponent. Still, if it is taken in time, it can also be subdued, and even expelled. Water and sulphur are the only known practical subjugators. If these are applied early and sedulously, no red spider can exist under their influ- ence. Indeed, where it can be applied with impunity through a powerful syringe or garden engine, water alone will completely subdue this tiny pest. Flower Garden and Plant Houses. Mow, sweep, and roll lawns, and tie or peg down half-hardy plants aa they advance in growth. Do not allow any of these to extend themselves outwardly so far as to injure edgings, whether box or turf and in cleaning shrub masses, where herbaceous plants or annuals have been planted or sown in vacant places, take care that the latter are not injured by the en- croachments of quick-growing plants. Any annuals or other half-hardy plants, whose season of beauty is past, should be immediately removed, and their place supp'lied from the reserve garden, planting sufficiently close to produce at once a dazzling display. DAHLIAS.—Give these weak liquid manure, and with a small three-pronged fork occasionally stir the surface of the soil- If the plants are required to pro- duoe flowers for exhibition, it will be advisable to dis- bud early if the variety is at all under-sized, btit when the variety is large and coarse, fewer buda should be POLYANTHUSES.—Should the weather prove wet these plants may be parted. Do not use a knife in the operation, the ivory handle of a budding knife will be found a suitable instrument. When planted out, in a shady suitable situation, do not let them want for moisture, and a temporary screen will prove highly beneficial till the plants are established. RosEs.-These should be again gone over, removing all gross shoots that are not likely to flower this season, dead flowers, and those which have done flowering. Young strong growths of autumn-lfowering roses in masses should be pegged down; and those of the summer-flowering kinds, aa the moss, Provenoe, <jr GaUica varieties, should be layered; the whole surface of the bed should be forked over, and if & good soaking of liquid manure can be given, its effect will be very apparent in the greater permanency of the colours, and in the lengthened period of blooming. eo WHITE LILIES. These should be taken up and re- planted once in two years, an operation which should be done as soon as the old Stena are decayed. Beds for these plants should be made Qf rich loamy soil, containing a good portion of sand or burned clay, and charred refuse. In planting, a little sand should be laid above and below the bulbs. Hardy Fruit and Kitchen Garden. Remove superfluous wood from wall trees, and keep insecta in check. In the kitchen garden push forward all kinds of planting while the weather is showery and the soil in good condition for the operation. Liquid manure will be found very useful now; applications of this, together with deep stirring of the ground among growing crops with a fork, is a sure way of realising the best results.—Gardeners' Chronicle. #1

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