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. TOVTN rr A. T-i I-C



OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. THE news from America is not unimportant, at the same time much has to be done before it can be said that the country is in a tranquil state, or that commercial prosperity has arrived at the same j position as it had attained prior to the war. Presi- dent Johnson has issued a proclamation abolishing restrictions upon trade with the ports east of the Mississippi, putting them on the same footing with the ports on the eastern coast, and thus certifying the termination of the civil war throughout the Union. A provisional governor has been appointed to re-organise the state of Mississippi, the governor being empowered to assemble a convention of the people. Great distress is said to prevail through- out the Southern States. There is a scarcity of provisions; the white population appear to take no steps in a new order of things, and lands re- main uncultivated; whilst the blacks boast of their freedom, but show no signs of industry. At Washington the assassination trial drags its slow length along" without eliciting anything of fresh importance. The evidence of Connover, who swore that he had seen Booth in close conference with the Confederate agents in Canada, has been contradicted by two creditable witnesses, who swear that Connover has perjured him- self. It is stated that Generals Lee and Ewell, with forty other officers, are indicted for high treason, and will shortly be tried at Washington. The ex-President-Davis is still confined at Fortress Monroe, and his trial is progressing. A dreadful explosion has taken place at Chatanooga, and the Government storehouses, which were filled with property, have been totally destroyed. It is stated t that by this means provisions sufficient to have lasted an army of 80,000 men for two years have been lost, and there is evidence to show that the explosion, or rather explosions, were caused by in- cendiaries. President Johnson is acting firmly, if not too strictly, and it is hoped that ere long the country on which Providence has bestowed such wonderful resources, will be again prosperous; that the demon of war having fled, commercial enter- prise will increase, and former animosities be for- gotten. AT the present moment the Great Eastern steam vessel is one of the most important features of the day. She has on board the Atlantic Tele- grapk cable, and is about to sail with that impor- tant link which is to bring the Old and New World within speaking distance. Great anxiety is exhibited as to the results; and wide as the span which the cable will occupy, practical men believe that the communication between the two coun- tries by such means will be complete. THERE is nothing new to record in France. The Emperor appears to become every day more popular; and the improvements which he has introduced in the sanitary condition of the people, not only in the metropolis, but in other populous places, is beginning to be appreciated. The cabmen's strike in Paris is coming to a close; after several days' idleness about 1,000 men agreed to accept the old fares, and on taking their places at the ranks were assaulted by those still upon strike; these persons were, however, given into custody, and the Tribune has dealt in a summary way with them by sending some hundreds to prison for terms varying from five to six months. IN politics nothing is spoken of but the forth- coming elections. The constituents of every borough and city are being addressed by "would- be representatives. In many places there will be sharp contests, and, perhaps, nowhere will the battle be more severe than for the Uni- versity of Oxford, which Mr. Gladstone now repre- sents. The promises to support the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Mr. Gathorne Hardy are said to be nearly equal, and t'.ie election will cause considerable sensation, not only at the University but throughout the kingdom. THE Duke of Wellington's circular to his tenants has gained for his grace a large amount of respect. It is an intimation to other landlords to go and do likewise." The exercise of your vote," says the duke, is a trust imposed on you for the advantage of the country, and the responsibility I of the proper exercise of it rests with you alone. It is committed to you-not to me, and I beg you distinctly to understand that no one has my authority for stating that I wish to bias you in favour of any candidate." A noble sentiment, I which we hope to hear echoed by other landed proprietors. THE 11 cotton famine/' or, in other words, -the j "Lancashire distress," along with the war which produced it, may now be reported at an end. Mr. Farnell has sent in his final report, showing a balance in hand of X36,143 12s. ld. The distress in the cotton districts has lasted, with more or less intensity, nearly three years, for two of which relief has been afforded chiefly through local public works, on which a million sterling has been expended—200 miles of streets the report shows to have been formed, paved, sewered, and channeled, and their footwalks flagged. The foreign contributions to the fund have been very munificent. From all parts of the world the committee received aid, and nobly did the officials engaged in distributing it do their duty. The mills are, however, once more open in Lancashire; the industrious people can now obtain work, and the labours of Mr. Farnell and the committee are at an end. The munificence exhibited in support of the poor operatives, and the manner in which the gifts were distributed, will ever constitute a source of legitimate pride and satisfaction to the nation. THE coroner's jury appointed to inquire into the railway accident at Staplehurst have brought in a verdict of manslaughter against the foreman of the plate-layers and the inspector employed on the spot. The evidence against these men cer- tainly showed great want of caution, but punishing plate-layers will not improve railway regulations. Railway Boards would offer a plate-layer every day of the year to Moloch, if that would conciliate any- body. The directors themselves should be held responsible for negligence, and then, probably, we should have fewer accidents. SPEAKING of railways, another accident of a very alarming nature occurred recently on the Glasgow and Edinburgh line, close to the latter city. A train coming in collision with an engine was thrown entirely off the line, and severe bruises were inflicted upon many passengers, three of them being seriously injured. This accident is said to have been the result of pure mismanage- ment or carelessness, but as no one has been killed, the affair will be hushed up, We trust, however, that when a new Parliament meets, Government will see the importance of adopting measures for, the better protection of the lives of railway travellers. Mss. (LONGWORTH) YELVERTON is again to appear in court. The Scotch Lords of Session have decided that any newspaper which may chance to be sold in Scotland is liable to an action in that country if brought by a resident in Scotia. Mrs. '(Longworth) Yelverton, thinking herself libelled by the Saturday Review, instead of bringing her action in London, betook herself to Edinburgh, and brought it therer-aii arrangement which, if she wins her case, will inflict upon the proprietors a heavy additional expense. A MELANCHOLY circumstance has just gone the round of the papers. Mrs. Arbuthnot, a young English bride, making a wedding tour in Switzer- land, in- company with her husband and a guide, was ascending one of the Bernese alps. The hus- band and the guide went a little in advance of the lady, when a thunder-storm burst over them. The bride was struck by lightning, and killed instan- taneously. She was the daughter of Lord Rivers, and niece of Earl Granville.






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