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THE COTOT. -

POLITICAL GOSSIP. --

loXTERATURB AMD THE ARTS.…

SPORTS AND PASTIMES. -—♦—

HINTS UPON GARDENING. -------

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HINTS UPON GARDENING. BEDDING GERANIUMS should be propagated at once for next year, and the best way is to use cuttings only two or three joints in n length, and pot them singly in 60-sized pots. By being struck early, there is time for the plants to make ripe wood before winter, and instead of waiting till July for bloom, they will, if well managed, be xn taJ. bloom in May next, when first planted out. CELERY.—The early crops to be earthed up as soon as the plants have attained a good size. If the ground is dry, give a heavy soaking of water the day before intending to mould them, ana be carefal that the soil is nearly dry, or, at most, only moderately moist, when the moulding is to be done. CHRYSANTHEMUMS in the open ground to be topped again, and the soil between them lightly pricked-over with a small fork, and some quite rotten dung worked in. It will be found that they always root near the surface, and a dressing of dung will greatly help them through the present drought, and save the labour of watering. CINERARIAS coming up in seed-pans to be pricked out as soon as large enough to lift, and have separate thumb-pots, with light rich compost, and be put in a frame to grow on. By securing a vigorous growth from the first, they will be less troubled with fly, and make fine specimens. Those which have not sown seed yet must do so at once, or it will be too late. FUCHSIAS must be syringed twice a day, and have moderate shade. Fine plants in comparatively small pots will be greatly benefited with weak liquid manure every three or four days. They should be propagated now in quantity for next year's supply. The smallest cuttings make the best plants, and there is no need to cut to a joint. In preparing pots for the cuttings, use smallest sixties or thumbs put a mixture of turf and old dung over the crocks, and fill up with half san(I and half leaf, in which the cuttings will root as quickly j as in sand alone at this season, and have something to V n live upon while filling the pots with roots. This is the best method for amateurs who are much away from home, as the single cuttings require less care than when dibbled into sand only in shallow pans. j HARD-WOODED PLANTS requiring a shift this sea- J son must have it at once, or the time will go by for them to derive full benefit from the operation.^ The i most important matter of all is to secure good drainage, and to use the compost in as rough a state as possible consistent with the size and nature of the plant. | Whenever the cultivator is in doubt about the best soil for any hard-wooded plant, he will be pretty safe in using half peat and half loam, both in a turfy and isweet condition—the more elastic the better. in using half peat and half loam, both in a turfy and isweet condition-the more elastic the better. MELONS swelling fruit to have plenty of weak manure-water; those ripening their fruit to be kept i tolerably dry, but if kept too dry will get infested with red spider, so endeavour to keep them in good health on the smallest possible supplies, and give plenty of air.. Those that have borne good crops may be cut back, and aet to work again with the help of linings to the beds. Keep these rather close after pruning in, and frequently sprinkle the sides of the frames and the surface of the bed,, and give only moderate water- ings at the root. Never allow water to fall on the main stems. If the plants out in appear rather poor, let them break moderately, and then remove a portion; of the soil from one side of the roots, and replace with fresh turfy loam. When the roots have run into the new stuff, do the same on the other side, and they will swell a second crop admirably. ORCHIDS.—The general collection may be kept in perfect health now without fire-heat, by shutting up early, and sprinkling the floor of the house to cause a humid atmosphere. Do not shade overmuch- generally from ten till three will be quite sufficient from this time, till shading is dispensed with alto- gether.. PEACHES AND NECTARINES must be fully exposed to the atmosphere as soon as the fruit is gathered. Where the fruit is still hanging, give plenty of air, and every morning a light-gk,iff with the syringe ever the leaves. Stop the strongest shoots a few at a time, to swell the ripe buds. Wall trees are generally loaded with superfluous wood, through the prevalence of a delusion in favour of plenty to choose from at the winter pruning. Choose now, and remove all that will not be wanted, and what is left will ripen properly. PELARGONIUMS as they go out of bloom to be cut down, and placed in a warm, sheltered, and rather shady place for a week, then to be put in the fall sun, and kept rather dry at the root, with occasional sprinklings of the stems and leaves till they break, and then to be repotted back into small pots with sound lumpy turf to make their new roots in. PLUM TREES in orchard houses are in many cases covered with fly. If this is not checked, the trees will be barren next season. Make a strong infusion of tobacco, and at the same time dissolve a little glue; mix them together, and add water in a large tub, and into the mixture dip the trees. Any that are too large to be dipped must be laid on their sides and well syringed. Those dipped must also be syringed the next day. If the labour can be found, it will be more effectual to paint with a soft brush every leaf, under and upper side, with a mixture of one pound of dis- solved glue, one pound of tobacco, and four gallons of water. The leaves will appear, after the operation, as if varnished, but not a leaf will fall, and it will make an end to the vermin. After a few days, syringe them freely. Sow cabbage, green-curled endive, lettuce, round spinach. TALL-GROWING BEDDERs need a little care now to protect them from high winds. A very effectual and expeditious method is to insert strong stakes, and run a few lengths of stout tarred string amongst them so as to form a support to the front and back of, every row. Small forked branches will serve the same pur- pose where the plants are not sufficiently regular to be supported with string. WINTER GREENS to be got out in plenty now, as peas, potatoes, and other crops are taken off. Collards, Brussel sprouts, and other quick-growing subjects that will mostly be used before Christmas, to be planted in manured ground, but those to stand till next spring, to furnish sprouts, not to be manured, as it renders them less able to withstand severe frosts. Continue to plant broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Scotch kale, and everything else of the kind from the seed- beds. -.Gardeners' Magazine.

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