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Outlines OF THE week.


Outlines OF THE week. TEE new President of America has published an I amnesty to the Southern people restoring them, to I the full rights of their property except in slaves, on condition of their taking an oath of fidelity to the Union, the Constitution, and all ernancipa- I tion laws and proclamations;" but he exempts from the amnesty rebel civil officers, military officers above the rank of colonel, naval officers beyond that of lieutenant, governors of States, rebels with over 20,000 dollars (= £ 4,000) in property, pirates, and border raiders. These exceptions, we presume, are made not with the intention of bring- ing general officers or rich private persons to trial or punishment, but to retain the power to control them if they should attempt to reconstruct a system on a pro-slavery or rebellious basis. The ex President Davis has a true bill for treason found against him, and will soon take his trial before a jury. The published evidence taken against the assassins of Mr Lincoln very imperfectly implicates the late Southern officials in the plot against the Presi- dent's life. It is thought, therefore, that, if Mr. Davis is found guilty of "high treason," which, doubtless, will be the case, the law will be satisfied by banishing him from the land of his birth. Both gland and France are acknowledging the pro- clamations of President Johnson, and the English Gazette last week contained an official letter from Earl Eussell, formally withdrawing belligerent riphts from the ships of the Confederate States. Any such vessels that were in British ports were ordered to depart within twenty-four hours, and M. Drouyn de l'Huys issued a similar notice on behalf of the French Government. Thus the only acknowledged American Power is that of the Government that meets at Washington under the stjle and title of the United States. THE Emperor of the French has returned to Paris after his visit to Algeria. The Empress and the young Prince met his Imperial Majesty at the station, and conducted him to the palace. The Emperor looked remarkably well, and is be- coming quite stout. His first act was to accept the resignation of Prince Napoleon as Vice-Presi- dent of the Council of State, and President of the International Exhibition. The breach, therefore, between the two Royal cousins would appear to be complete. It is said that Prince Jerome has taken alarm at the feelings displayed by the Emperor to- wards him, and is making overtures for a reconcili- ation. He has suggested meeting his cousin at Toulon, where, it is presumed, he intends to make some kind of apology for his ill-advised speech. It would seem that the Prince has lost popularity with the people as well as favour at Court. THE Austrian Emperor is now engaged in flattering the Hungarians, after having hanged their best men, and flogged their noblest women in the war of independence. Strange to say, the poor Hungarians received his despotic Majesty with enthusiasm. On arriving at Pesth the Emperor announced that, as a token of his desire to meet the wishes of the people in every possible way, and to gratify their ambition, he had made up his mind to undergo the ceremony of coronation I as King- of Hungary—an ancient symbol of national independence from which the Hungarians have of late years been debarred. Politically the conces- sion is of more importance than it at first appears. It solves a constituti@nal difficulty which may allay the popular irritation of the people. The Hun- garians never would acknowledge the Ministers of 1 1-1 the Emperor of Austria; but under the title of King of Hungary they will submit to his au- thority. Perhaps there is policy in this and let us hope that the monarch who has conceded to the people the outward form will rule mildly, and per- mit his subjects to enjoy some of those national privileges of which they have hitherto been de- prived under his rule. THE throne of Mexico is evidently in danger, and "both the officials of France and Austria are commenting upon the probability of Maximilian relinquishing his crown and returning to his father-land. The Emperor of Austria, foresee- ing the probablity of this, has determined to j aside his brother's voluntary jrenr.nciation of bis succession to the Austrian Empire, and has as- serted his determination to declare, in Aulic Council, that if the archduke should return to Austria, he shall be entitled 'to resume his status as next heir to the throne after the Archduke Rudolph, who is now ill at the watering place of Isch. We have, however, something to say concerning this child, who is the only bar to Maximilian's succession to the Austrian throne after the demise of the present Emperor. The sons of monarchs are subject to the same conditions of human life as other children, and this child is a striking instance of the danger of over- burdening the youthful mind. This young Prince Rudolph, the only son of the Emperor, is scarcely seven years of age, and there was a desire on the part of his Royal parents to make him wiser than his fellows. He was to be taught five different languages, by means of five tutors from different nations. He was regularly drilled as a soldier, and every now and then he was awakened in the night in order that he might learn to have his wits about him. The child's physical health naturally yielded to the over-pressure upon his mind, and he lost his fresh colour and healthy appearance, his countenance having the worn look of an old man. Physicians were sent for, who almost despaired of the young prince's life, and under their advice studies are nowjabolished, and he is seeking to recover at the baths of Isch the health he has lost by over study. "VVE must turn, however, from foreign politics to the subject of the week. No soonei have sum- mer excursion trains commenced than fearful accidents mark their advent. The details have doubtless been read by every one. The first hap- pened on the Great Western liailway, between Salford and Keynsham. Two trains followed each other closely, both being fast ones; the leading one was delayed by a slight accident, and that which followed ran into it. In a few minutes afterwards a train of empty carriages dashed into the ruins. It is stated that when the second train was heard approaching, the passengers begged of the guard to let them out of the car- riages, the doors of whieh were all locked. There was. ample time it is said for this; and yet the people were kept waiting in mortal agony for an inevitable smash. It came at last, but, fortu- nately, no lives were lost, though many received injuries. Now the motive for locking both doors of a railway carriage we cannot understand, and the company should be called upon to explain why it is done. The following day, however, a more terrible accident occurred on the Shrewsbury and Chester line, by w.hich fourteen persons were killed and from forty to fifty injured. The cause of this calamity is tolerably clear; and must be referred to the stupidity of the platelayers, who, finding that they could notcomplete the fastening of some new rails which they had been laying, instead of signalling a train to stop, stood idly by and left it to its fate. Again, another fatality oceurred in the week, which, in all its melancholy details, has been laid before the public. This time it was on the South-Eastern-and it happened to a tidal train, as it is termed, which runs at different hours to suit the arrival of continental boats. This, again, is attributed to 'J;he stupidity of the platelayers and the want of signals. Ten persons were killed upon the spot, and upwards of twenty were more or less injured. Many people believe that these accidents aro,"In reality,'the result of the false economy practised byrajlway companies. WE have little to say about Parliament this week. Ministers are endeavouring to bring this Session to a close as early as possible, but it is not gratifying to the English public to find that it z;1 z;1 will be dissolved without a single effort to legislate against the growing dangers of railway travelling. The Queen's letter and public clamour are alike disregarded by the Government; and Mr. Milner Gibson, with whom it rested to take the initi- ative, but who, when the question was brought before the House, distinctly said that "we could not put the railway companies to increased expense," is greatly blamed.The smashing season, however, has arrived, and the British public begin to feel that life is too valuable tobethus heedlessly exposed to danger; and it must be admitted that there has been a supineness on the part of the Govern- ment and the House of Commons in general to the facts brought before their notice. An inquiring mind naturally asks why this is so ? and the only answer that can be given is, that the railway M.P.'s are two numerous in the House of Commons, and therefore deal with the question, not on the principle of justice, but on that of personal in- terest.