Outlines OF THE week. TEE new President of America has published an I amnesty to the Southern people restoring them, to I the full rights of their property except in slaves, on condition of their taking an oath of fidelity to the Union, the Constitution, and all ernancipa- I tion laws and proclamations;" but he exempts from the amnesty rebel civil officers, military officers above the rank of colonel, naval officers beyond that of lieutenant, governors of States, rebels with over 20,000 dollars (= £ 4,000) in property, pirates, and border raiders. These exceptions, we presume, are made not with the intention of bring- ing general officers or rich private persons to trial or punishment, but to retain the power to control them if they should attempt to reconstruct a system on a pro-slavery or rebellious basis. The ex President Davis has a true bill for treason found against him, and will soon take his trial before a jury. The published evidence taken against the assassins of Mr Lincoln very imperfectly implicates the late Southern officials in the plot against the Presi- dent's life. It is thought, therefore, that, if Mr. Davis is found guilty of "high treason," which, doubtless, will be the case, the law will be satisfied by banishing him from the land of his birth. Both gland and France are acknowledging the pro- clamations of President Johnson, and the English Gazette last week contained an official letter from Earl Eussell, formally withdrawing belligerent riphts from the ships of the Confederate States. Any such vessels that were in British ports were ordered to depart within twenty-four hours, and M. Drouyn de l'Huys issued a similar notice on behalf of the French Government. Thus the only acknowledged American Power is that of the Government that meets at Washington under the stjle and title of the United States. THE Emperor of the French has returned to Paris after his visit to Algeria. The Empress and the young Prince met his Imperial Majesty at the station, and conducted him to the palace. The Emperor looked remarkably well, and is be- coming quite stout. His first act was to accept the resignation of Prince Napoleon as Vice-Presi- dent of the Council of State, and President of the International Exhibition. The breach, therefore, between the two Royal cousins would appear to be complete. It is said that Prince Jerome has taken alarm at the feelings displayed by the Emperor to- wards him, and is making overtures for a reconcili- ation. He has suggested meeting his cousin at Toulon, where, it is presumed, he intends to make some kind of apology for his ill-advised speech. It would seem that the Prince has lost popularity with the people as well as favour at Court. THE Austrian Emperor is now engaged in flattering the Hungarians, after having hanged their best men, and flogged their noblest women in the war of independence. Strange to say, the poor Hungarians received his despotic Majesty with enthusiasm. On arriving at Pesth the Emperor announced that, as a token of his desire to meet the wishes of the people in every possible way, and to gratify their ambition, he had made up his mind to undergo the ceremony of coronation I as King- of Hungary—an ancient symbol of national independence from which the Hungarians have of late years been debarred. Politically the conces- sion is of more importance than it at first appears. It solves a constituti@nal difficulty which may allay the popular irritation of the people. The Hun- garians never would acknowledge the Ministers of 1 1-1 the Emperor of Austria; but under the title of King of Hungary they will submit to his au- thority. Perhaps there is policy in this and let us hope that the monarch who has conceded to the people the outward form will rule mildly, and per- mit his subjects to enjoy some of those national privileges of which they have hitherto been de- prived under his rule. THE throne of Mexico is evidently in danger, and "both the officials of France and Austria are commenting upon the probability of Maximilian relinquishing his crown and returning to his father-land. The Emperor of Austria, foresee- ing the probablity of this, has determined to j aside his brother's voluntary jrenr.nciation of bis succession to the Austrian Empire, and has as- serted his determination to declare, in Aulic Council, that if the archduke should return to Austria, he shall be entitled 'to resume his status as next heir to the throne after the Archduke Rudolph, who is now ill at the watering place of Isch. We have, however, something to say concerning this child, who is the only bar to Maximilian's succession to the Austrian throne after the demise of the present Emperor. The sons of monarchs are subject to the same conditions of human life as other children, and this child is a striking instance of the danger of over- burdening the youthful mind. This young Prince Rudolph, the only son of the Emperor, is scarcely seven years of age, and there was a desire on the part of his Royal parents to make him wiser than his fellows. He was to be taught five different languages, by means of five tutors from different nations. He was regularly drilled as a soldier, and every now and then he was awakened in the night in order that he might learn to have his wits about him. The child's physical health naturally yielded to the over-pressure upon his mind, and he lost his fresh colour and healthy appearance, his countenance having the worn look of an old man. Physicians were sent for, who almost despaired of the young prince's life, and under their advice studies are nowjabolished, and he is seeking to recover at the baths of Isch the health he has lost by over study. "VVE must turn, however, from foreign politics to the subject of the week. No soonei have sum- mer excursion trains commenced than fearful accidents mark their advent. The details have doubtless been read by every one. The first hap- pened on the Great Western liailway, between Salford and Keynsham. Two trains followed each other closely, both being fast ones; the leading one was delayed by a slight accident, and that which followed ran into it. In a few minutes afterwards a train of empty carriages dashed into the ruins. It is stated that when the second train was heard approaching, the passengers begged of the guard to let them out of the car- riages, the doors of whieh were all locked. There was. ample time it is said for this; and yet the people were kept waiting in mortal agony for an inevitable smash. It came at last, but, fortu- nately, no lives were lost, though many received injuries. Now the motive for locking both doors of a railway carriage we cannot understand, and the company should be called upon to explain why it is done. The following day, however, a more terrible accident occurred on the Shrewsbury and Chester line, by w.hich fourteen persons were killed and from forty to fifty injured. The cause of this calamity is tolerably clear; and must be referred to the stupidity of the platelayers, who, finding that they could notcomplete the fastening of some new rails which they had been laying, instead of signalling a train to stop, stood idly by and left it to its fate. Again, another fatality oceurred in the week, which, in all its melancholy details, has been laid before the public. This time it was on the South-Eastern-and it happened to a tidal train, as it is termed, which runs at different hours to suit the arrival of continental boats. This, again, is attributed to 'J;he stupidity of the platelayers and the want of signals. Ten persons were killed upon the spot, and upwards of twenty were more or less injured. Many people believe that these accidents aro,"In reality,'the result of the false economy practised byrajlway companies. WE have little to say about Parliament this week. Ministers are endeavouring to bring this Session to a close as early as possible, but it is not gratifying to the English public to find that it z;1 z;1 will be dissolved without a single effort to legislate against the growing dangers of railway travelling. The Queen's letter and public clamour are alike disregarded by the Government; and Mr. Milner Gibson, with whom it rested to take the initi- ative, but who, when the question was brought before the House, distinctly said that "we could not put the railway companies to increased expense," is greatly blamed.The smashing season, however, has arrived, and the British public begin to feel that life is too valuable tobethus heedlessly exposed to danger; and it must be admitted that there has been a supineness on the part of the Govern- ment and the House of Commons in general to the facts brought before their notice. An inquiring mind naturally asks why this is so ? and the only answer that can be given is, that the railway M.P.'s are two numerous in the House of Commons, and therefore deal with the question, not on the principle of justice, but on that of personal in- terest.
A YOUNG WOMAN ATTEMPTING TO MURDER HER SWEETHEART. A young woman named Mary Batty, aged twenty- five years, living at Bramley, made a most deliberate attempt on the life of Robert Sharp, a young man w:th whom she had formerly kept company. The motive which influenced the assault appears to have been jealousy, Sharp, who had been her acknowledged sweetheart for the last seven years, having transferred his anections to another. The young man occupies a good situation as overlooker in Mr. Yewdall's cloth P1]*) Eramley. His repeated promises of marriage have induced the girl to leave several situations, and she in- formed her present master, Mr. George Oldfield, linen draper, Aimley, that she intended leaving soon for the purpose of being united to Sharpe. Tiding of the un- faithfulness of her fickle lover had, however, reached her, and on Wednesday she proceeded to Bramley, with the object of hearing the truth of the rumour. She met him BS he was returning from his dinner to the mill, and, after a short conversation, asked him whether he intended to carry into effect his promise of marriage. Receiving an angry reply, coupled with a threat of violence if she molested h-kn further on the marriage. Receiving an angry reply, coupled with a threat of violence if. she molested him further on the subject, she directed Sharp's attention to some objeot on the opposite side of the road, took an opefl razor from her pocket, drew it across the right side of his throat, and made off before assistance could be rendered by several persons who were stana. ing a few yards distant. Sharp was conveyed to Mr. Laycock's surgery, where the wound was attended to by Mr. Craister. The gash extended from four to five inches on the right side of the throat, but is not of a very dangerous description. Shortly after committing the offence the young woman went to the residence of Sharp's father and gave herself up. She stated that she intended to take his life, and that he was her first lover, and she was determined he should be her last. She was taken into custody by Police-sergeant Cundall and Constable Poole, and conveyed to the Leeds Town- hall. The razor was found in a field where the prisoner stated she had thrown it.
TOWN TALK. BY OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Our readers will understand that we do not hold ourselves respon- sible for our able Correspondent's opinions. II MISFORTUNES never come singly!" The truth of this old adage is more than realised just now There is not sufficient horro-r in one railway acci- dent, and so, in order to pile up the agony," our nerves are compelled to be unstrung three times in six days. It seems to be the custom to treat these awful disasters with something very like levity, and to allude to them in a pleasant meta- phor. We are told thit the season of railway accidents has set in vith its usual severity but it is really no lartghKg matter. Who could take up a newspaper aId read the account of that train on the South-Extern being dashed over a bridge and embedded ii the mud without almost hearing the shrieks of the-lyingind the wounded, and certainly feeling a faht, sick kind of horror at its perusal ? The time las come when somebody must really be made aiSwera^e for these awful sacrifices of humaDlife. It is all very well for the directors to turn ip the whites of their eyes and reiterate their expressions of sorrow, intermingled with the Jjrineyed "Who would have thought it?" winding ,p, of course, with taking a platelayer into custody or imprisoning a guard. We want something more than this. Hardly a day passes that one does not risk his life in some railway or another, There is something radically wrong. Unless some arrangement is made whereby these disasters are rendered virtually an impossibility instead of comparatively a system, one's life is hardly worth the traditional "lock of hair that classic authors constantly allude to. But, in- dependent of argument, the British public is really getting alarmed. It was only the other day that I happened to be going a little way out of London by a train which did not stop until it had traversed Bome twenty miles. I entered a carriage which happened to be full of ladies. The conversation, unfortunately, but inevitably, turned upon rail- way accidents. When it flashed across the minds of my companions that our train would not stop for twenty miks, a panic suddenly seized them. Their lives were at stake. They could not travel by such a fast train. And so the upshot was that they got out en masse," and waited half an hour for a slow train that stopped at every station. That was their idea of safety. I only mention this to show that a panic does exist, and panics are of course infectious. While on the subject of railways, I may just as well mention the scheme which is in contemplation, and has caused not a little excitement. Such is the march of science that we are to be blown from Scotland-yard right under the Thames to a station near the Waterloo terminus. The new railway is to be on the pneumatic system, which works well with parcels and letters, and has been tried suc- cessfully with a passenger train at the Crystal Palace. The new line is to be very cheap, very expeditious, and is to be put in working order in less than no time. The bill, which is now passing through Parliament, has obtained the sanction of the Crown, the Thames Conservancy, and the Metropolitan Board of Works. I was very much surprised when walking down Regent-street very late one night, to find a jewel- ler's shop brilliantly lighted. A crowd was gathered round the shop, and, being a curious person, I was naturally attracted to the crowd. J Yes, there was the shop, with its plate-glass windows, and all the watches, and chains, and rings, &c., displayed as in open day time. But a strong iron gate was -erected in front of the shop reaching from the pavement to the top of the windows. The interior of the shop was perfectly visible, and, as I have said before, all the gas lamps were burning. This novel and somewhat extraordinary plan for baffling burglars and keep- ing policemen on the alert, has, I believe, been tried successfully in America but this is the first time I have seen anything of the kind in London. The condition of young men fresh from school or from home and home influences, who are sud- denly sent up to London to become clerks or servants in offices and shops, has not unfrequently given rise to serious discussion and well-intentioned endeavours on the part of philanthropic men. It is a subject, however, which requires very careful handling. Some excellent people have been working hard lately to start clubs for young men, places where they canfind well-lighted, cheerful, andattrac- tive rooms, chess-tables and draught-boards, news- 11 papers and periodicals, and last, though not least, a well-selected library. Sueh institutions as these can be started, it is calculated, on very moderate terms. They are almost entirely self-supporting, and merely necessitates a small entrance fee and -weekly subscription. One has been started in Islington, and answers admirably. If such insti- tutions—which are to be open every day, and not at stated periods—can rescue young men from an empty, purposeless life at a critical period of their life, and when exposed to many temptations, they are surely deserving of every support. I am sorry to say that I hear very bad accounts of the state of health of the noble lord at the head of the Government. He has attended the House only twice since Easter, and there is little doubt that the state of his health causes considerable anxiety to his friends. The business of the present Session is to be got through as expeditiously as possible, and members, as a rule, seem uncommonly anxious to get among their constituents. Tradespeople and caterers for public amusement are complaining bitterly of a most unprofitable season, and are now getting more alarmed than ever at the news of a more sudden break up than they anticipated at first. It is generally known now that it was the in- tention of the Government to submit to the House of Commons a pension of £ 1,500 to the widow of the late and much respected Richard Cobden. Stra.nge to say, Mrs. Cobden hesitates about accepting it even if granted. Mrs. Cobden's best adviser .is naturally her husband's dearest friend, ) and people point deliberately to Mr. Bright as ) being the instigator of the refusal, should such be the case. To decline a tribute which is presented almost in the name of the nation, could hardly be the advice of Mr. Bright. Nous verrons. We shall soon hear more than we ever heard before of the vast and most important country of Russia. A new paper, called VEcho de la Presse Russe, has lately been published in Brussels, and we may expect, in a short time, to see it regularly quoted in our newspapers. We have never had anything but second-hand accounts from Russia, either through the letters of correspondents at Berlin, or supplied by those who do not exactly agree with the politics at present pursued there. The directors of the Langham Hotel, a mag- nificent building at the bottom of Portland-place, were lucky enough to get the Prince of Wales to pay them a visit on the u private view" day. And now this new venture is to be christened the Royal Langham Hotel. The continental system of a square court-yard, into which the majority of the windows look, has been pursued with the Langham, and here large trees are to grow, and flowering shrubs, according to the fashion of the" Louise" and "Grand Hotel" in Paris. The top windows of the building look right over to Hampstead, and its noble posi- tion, looking up one of the finest streets in Eng- land, will no doubt be an attraction. I really hope that the'liotel mania is not being done to death. I am able to state that there is no truth what- ever in the report that Constance Kent is to undergo her trial at the Central Criminal Court. One of the pleasantest literary gatherings of the season is the dinner of the Dramatic Authors' Society. These essentially jolly fellows go down to Greenwich every year and dine together. A delightful evening is sure to follow. This year a little testimonial was presented to Mark Lemon, the well-known humourist, and editor of Punch, and himself a dramatic- author. Charles Dickens was at the dinner, and earnest were the congratu- lations he received on his miraculous escape at the Staplehurst accident. Z.
A DRUNKEN POLICEMAN. At the Manchester City Court on Saturday, a police- man named Henry Collins, a powerfully teuilt man, of the C division, was charged with assaulting Inspector Poole, of the same division, who stated that that morning, about one o'clock, he visited the prisoner in hi.8 round, as was his duty, and found him in Mill- street, drunk. He told him he was drunk, and as he was unfit for his duty, advised him several times to go to the station, but the prisoner refused. The prisoner then took his lamp from his belt and struck at the inspector, but missed him, and began to square at him. In this way several minutes were spent, and the inspector was knocked to the ground and kicked but ultimately he got uppermost, and held the prisoner till assistance came. He was secured and was with difficulty taken to the police station, and, when there, it took three men to prevent him again assaulting the inspector. In answer to Mr. Fowler, the prisoner said he was very sorry for what had happened, and, in reply to further interrogation, said the inspector must have aggravated him in some way or he wassure he would not have done it.—Mr. Superintendent Anderton said the prisoner had been in the force four or five years, and for about the last four or five months no complaint had been made of him.—Mr. Fowler said he was exceedingly sorry that just at the close of his first year of offioe, when he certainly had come to the conclusion that the Man-" Chester police force was one of the best he had ever known, two disgraceful cases should have come before him. He could not help feeling glad that the case should have come immediately after the one of Friday, because it would show the public that the superior officers were alive to their duties. There was great difficulty in the selection of men to fill the office of constable, as they had to be collected from all parts, and of all ages; and sometimes it would happen that men who were unfit for the post would creep in before their true character was found out. In this case, the officer ha.d used very great violence, and it was one which must be visited, with the full penalty of £ 5, or in default the prisoner must go to gaol for three months.
VALUABLE DIET for INVALIDS.—The PEARL SEMOTJXH is delicious; very nourishing and easy of digestion; if- gives cHi'/ice d-lshes for the Dinner-table. .and is much prised for Children oad Infants. Sold by Grocecs, &c. J. Fisoir, Irs. wiCH, MAOTIUKOTKBE. A goats, Hio&e Brothers, E..C.'
DEATH OF SIR JOSEPH PAXTON. Even to those vho only knew Sir Joseph Paxton by his public reputation, the intelligenee of his death, which took place last week will occasion more than ordinary regret; but to those who knew him per- sonally, or were at any time engaged with him, the news will bear a deeper significance, for they will feel the loss of a friend. Few men have stood in more kindly relations with those around him: and his friendship was constant. Sir Joseph Paxton had been in very ill-health for some time, and had, in consequence, resigned his seat in the House of Com- mons for Coventry. He remained at his residence of Rockhills, next the Crystal Palace; but though his eondition had for a long time inspired serious alarm among his friends, latterly it had somewhat improved. On the occasion of the reoent flower-show he entered the Crystal Palace for the last time; before the public were admitted he endeavoured, as was his wont, to review the whole display; but he was not able to ac- complish a journey round all the stands. During the past week or two his state got more and more pre- carious, and on Thursday morning, at eight o'clock, he expired. Sir Joseph Paxton was the son of parents who were poor and of humble station, and was born at Milton Bryant, near Woburn, Beds, in 1803. Having while very young to seek his own livelihood, he became a gardener, and in that capacity obtained a situation to work in the gardens of Sion-house. He rose to the post of foreman, and when the late Duke of Devon- shire had occasion to ask for any information about his garden it frequently fell to Paxton's lot to make the report. The duke, with great perspicacity, recog- nised his gardener's talent and his worthiness of trust; and he was promoted to a superior position in the gardens of the princely seat at Chatsworth. The favour thus extended drew forth further evi- dence of capacity, and he was appointed first to be director of the gardens, and afterwards manager of the great Derbyshire estates belonging to the duke. He remodelled the whole of the gardens, and the many magnificent works now standing there were carried out under his direction. Amongst them the great conservatory, a glass and iron structure, 300 feet long, is one of the most remarkable. This was of a novel construction, and designed entirely by Mr. Paxton. He afterwards made it the model for the great building in Hyde-park, and then of the present Crystal Palace at Sydenham, with which his name will be most surely connected. His design for the erection of a great building to be constructed of glass and iron, for the Great Exhibition of 1851, was accepted by the Iloyal Commissioners, after 233 plans had been rejected. The plan was remarkable for the beauty of its fitness, and it excited the surprise as well as the admiration of .the public. For his public service on this occasion he was knighted. In 1853 he commenced the building of the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, and the immense structure was completed and opened to the public in June, 1854. In the same year Sir Joseph offered himself as a representative fer Coventry, in the place of his friend the late Mr. Gcach. He was elected without opposition, and retained his seat till a few weeks ago. Shortly after his election he tendered to the Govern- ment a practical suggestion to send out a corps of navvies to perform civil work at the siege of Sebastopol, then going forward. The proposal was accepted, and he was entrusted with the organi- sation of the Army Works Corps-a duty which he discharged with great credit. In politics he was a Liberal, and a consistent supporter of Lord Palmer- ston's Administration. He followed the profession of an architect and. civil engineer from the time when he constructed the great glass building in Hyde-park; but he did not relinquish his position at Chatsworth. Sir Joseph Paxton was happy in having won the esteem and friendship of many of the greatest and best in the land, who were glad to assemble in a brilliant circle as his guest at Bockhills; where in the summer he frequently gave ele- gant fetes. Bat he was happiest in the constant esteem and love, often and truly expressed, of the late Duke of Devonshire, to whose kindly in- sight and trust he owed his rise in life. Some time before his own death his patron handed to Sir Joseph Paxton a life policy for X20,000, upon which he charged himself to pay the premiums for Sir Joseph's benefit. This princely gift was the last of many others, but on the accession of the present Duke Sir Joseph had still a firm friend in the Lord of Chats- worth. Sir Joseph Paxton was an industrious writer on horticulture, and connected, either as author, con- tributor, or proprietor, with several literary enter- prises, mostly of a class character. He was a Fellow of theHorticulturt,t Society, 1826; of the LinTiman, 1833; and in 1844 he was made by the Emperor of Russia a Knight of the order of St. Vladimir.
MURDER AT PALMERSTOWN, NEAR DUBLIN. An inquest was held on Monday on the body of Margaret Farquhar, who was murdered at Palmers- town, in the county Dublin, on Friday night. On Saturday last a man named Patrick Kilkenny went to the Sackville-street, Police-office and stated that on Friday evening he murdered a girl named Margaret Farquhar. He was then arrested, and from the in- formation which he voluntary gave the police were enabled on Saturday evening to find the body of the unfortunate girl. Margaret Farquhar lived with her brother and two sisters on a farm of 13 acres of land, at Robinstown, and, although humble people, theywere pretty well off for their class in life. She was twenty-six years of age, and was considered the best-looking girl in the parish. About a stone's throw from where she resided there lives a Mr. Rooney, in whose employment Kilkenny had been as a farm labourer for a period ex- ceeding seven years. He is a man of about forty years of age, and although his hair is perfectly black, his whiskers, which are very full, are quite grey, and on this accsunt he looks ten years older than he really is. Ho is a low-sized, stout, and muscular man, of rather unprepossessing appearance. He bore the character of a drunken bully, who was always qu.ar- relling, yet he was looked upon by all who knew him as the accepted lover of the unfortunate girl who has lost her life at his hands. She went with him to fairs and dances, much against the wishes of her relatives. About a fortnight ago she received a letter and a photograph from a. former sweetheart, who is now in America, and this, having reached the ears of Kilkenny, excited his jealousy. On Friday evening, about dusk, Mar- garetFarquhar left her house to go to a huckster's shop about half a mile distant, to get some tobacco for her brother, and Kilkenny, according to his own statement, met and spoke to her about the American letter. He asked her to marry him, and she refnsed. He then told her that if she did not do so she would never marry any one else; and he spoke the fatal truth, for before they had proceeded more than 300 yards from the protection of her brother's house, he threw her into an open drain or ditch at the roadside, and pressed her face into the mud and dirty water until life was extinct. How he spent that dreadful night nobody knows; but he changed his wet and muddy working clotnes for his Sunday attire, and next morning got a seat on a dairy cart into Dublin, where he voluntarily placedthimself in the hands of the police. The body of poor Margaret Farquhar lay in its slimy bed, covered with weeds, until Saturday evening, when it was discovered, after considerable search, by the metropolitan police. The Jury, after a brief consultation, returned a verdict of Wilful murder against Kilkenny, who was committed to Kilmainham Gaol to await his trial at the ensuing commission.
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. AMERICA. ) NEW YORK, MAY 27. Bills of indictment for high treason have been found by the grand jury of the district of Columbia against Jefferson Davis and John C. Breckenridge. Mr. Davis is to be arraigned before the Court in a few days. The indictment against him recites that Jef- ferson Davis, late of Henrico County, Virginia, being a citizen of, and owing allegiance and fidelity to, the United States, wickedly, devisingly, and intending to disturb the peace and subvert the Government of the said United States, to stir, move, and excite rebellion, insurrection, and war against the United States, on th(i 1st day of June, 1864, at the county of Henrico aforesaid, unlawfully, falsely, and traitorously did com- pass, levy, and carry on war and rebellion against the United States for the subversion of the Government in the district of Columbia aforesaid; and being leagued in conspiracy with a large number of insur- gents, and being the leader and commander of said insurgents, did march and proceed to invade the said county of Washington, and then and there on the 12tli day of July, 1864, did make war upon a certain fort called Fort Stevens, did kill and wound a large number of troops of the United States, contrary to „ the duty of his said allegiance and fidelity to the 1 United States. The above is the substance of the indictment, which is a very lengthy document. Commissioners from Kirby Smith, accompanied by General Herron and Commander Foster, arrived at Baton Rouge on the 23rd instant. General Herron, left for Canby's head-quarters. It is asserted that terms have been arranged for the surrender of Smith's whole army. The Philadelphia papers re-affirm tkat Mr. Davis has been manacled. NEW YORK, MAY 31. President Johnson has issued a proclamation grant- ing an amnesty, and the restoration of the rights of property-excepting slaves, and except in cases where legal proceedings under the confiscation laws have been introduced to persons engaged in the rebellion, conditionally upon their taking an oath to support the Government and all laws and all proclamations issued during the robellion in reference to emancipation. The following classes are excluded from the amnestyThe rebel civil and diplomatic officers, foreign and domestic agents, those persons who re- signed Congressional, judicial, military, and naval po- sitions to aid the rebellion, officers of the rebel army above the rank of colonel, and of the navy above that of lieutenant, those below those ranks who were educated at West Point or the Naval Academy, all who treated prisoners otherwise than as prisoners of war, governors of States, persons who left the national lines to aid the rebellion, all pirates, border raiders, and persons who volun- tarily participated in the rebellion whose taxable property exceeds 20,000 dollars. Those comprised in the excluded clases desiring to obtain the benefit of the amnesty must make a special application to the President for pardon, when such olemency will be liberally extended to them as may be consistent with the facts of the case and the peace and dignity of the United States. Mr. Johnson has discharged all persons sentenced by military tribunals to imprisonment during the war. General Canby reports on the 26th that arrange- ments for the surrender of th rebel force in the Irans-Mississippi department had been concluded. This surrender includes the men and the material of u rmy ana navy. It is unofficially reported that Lee Same erms ^ad been granted aa to Johnston and Kirby Smith's surrender embraces the whole of the Confederacy across the Mississippi, and the war is now ended. The ordnaRce dep6t magazine has exploded at Mobile. The cause is unknown. Eight blocks of buildings and 8,000 bales of cotton were destroyed, and 300 persons killed, besides an immense number who were injured and buried under the ruins. The loss caused by this catastrophe is estimated at forty- eight millions of dollars. The scheme for the liquidation of the national debt by voluntary subscriptions is being followed up. NEW YORK, JUNE 2. Yesterday being appointed as a day of humiliation on account of President Lincoln's death, all business was suspended. Various correspondents confirm the statement that Some state that in conseauence of this treatment he refused to take food. The manacles have since been removed, as the physicians stated that he was not likely to live unless the irons were taken off. Mr. Sumner has addressed a letter to the coloured men of North Carolina, telling them to insist on all the rights and privileges of citizens, and declaring that whoever robs them of those rights is a usurper and an impostor. The Military commission has sentenced Senator Harris, of Maryland, to three years' imprisonment and the forfeiture of political rights. President John- son has approved this finding, but remitted the sentence and released Mr. Harris. The President has also commuted the sentence on the Indianopolis con- spirators, Bowles, Mulligan, and Horsey, to imprison- ment for life. NEW YORK, JUNE 3. An expedition comprising fifteen of the largest Federal vessels, together with numerous others, and havit g on board the 25th corps, has left Fort Monroe Truff' U?- r command of General Weitzel. fJ i l tribune states that numerous Con- leaerate oiheers have been summoned by the District o ,o testify against General Lee and other leaders an a charge of treason.
Mr. Robert De benham, aged thirty-two, a mem- ber of the Royal College of Surgeons, of Heath-house Commercial-road, Stepney, surrendered on bail at the Thames Police-court, on Tuesday, to answer a charge of manslaughter, in killing Thomas Solomon, a ship's painter, wno strayed into the garden behind Hpath- house on the night of Whit-Monday, the 5sh of the present month. The investigation lasted seven hours and created an extraordinary amount of interest and excitement. The court was densely crowded all day, and thousands in the street near the court waited anxiously to hear the result. Mr. Paget committed the prisoner for trial for manslaughter. The bail he should require would be tne prisoner's own personal recog- nisances in ^4..000, and four sureties in £ 1,000 each. The required bail was forthcoming directly, and the prisoner was liberated. Crystal Palaee.-The fifth of the series of Ooera. Concerts took place on Saturday at the Crystal Palace the artists engaged being from the Royal If lian Opera. Molle. Lucca was encored in both her ,ongs, as was also the quartett, Honour and glory, from Mr. Cost s orato.vio Naamem. Mc111e. Gayrard, the solo piauiete, was much applauded in Weber's Conceit Stuck. Upwards of 9,000 persons were present, tiie entire concert was the most brilliant of the series. The sixth and last concert before the Handei Festival will take place on Saturday next, the solo singers being Mdlle. Harriers V/ippern, Signor Gardwni, and other artista of Her Majesty's Theatre. The entire system of great fountains will be played after the concert on Saturday. Instant Cur., of ']'(t.otJ)/ldu.-RuDter'R Nervine rdes imme- diate and permanent relief. Sold by all Chtmists, Is. lid. rc-r packet. Jttum oukMelli l'Uit(J"t[,¡: ijjIU!!i" :,o, !*«»», tI,th; i..$. att f WiMOly the i>«t S*«1 » u jresonrtn* tfce teeth Iw.-ii T>ertin~T. j,omhsrf'sS, Jg.0 Hoimani Tooti»»cm is the only preparation that nifiundu rtlietlU fJlit11,¡)ut inj'lt1"j) the teeth: it; sweetells tne 'breath aud is ■recommended by m n i :jCe 7-ld. and ii no.; ■post l'ree, 18 stamp*, m.imni.n stimjtuait is infallible for Neu. ralqia, Àgue. F,w.el<cne. Rheumatism, Ner.mÅne8s, aud Debilitv. In 'tattles, is. lid oflill Chemists, or H. Ho;çh(!mis!, Eamet