JOTTINGS OF A RAMBLER. IN a very short time I hope to be ia my place again in the Houses of Parliament, prepared to give to your readers an account of what actually takes place within the Hall of St. Stephen's. Not following the ordinary newspaper routine, but taking an independent course, I intend to give a description of men and manners as they appear to an ordinary observer, cracking a harmless joke now and then at a member's expense. But when I see anything brought forward that I think affects the public weal or woe, I shall not forbear to comment strongly upon it. At present I have only to dwell upon rumours and proba- bilities, which might somewhat alter before the meeting of Parliament. The newspapers state, and I think correctly, that the address in answer to the Queen's Speech in the House of Lords will be moved by the Duke of Cleveland, and seconded by the Earl of Charle- » mont; in the House of Commons report Eays it will be moved by Sir Hedworth Williamson, and seconded by the Hon. Hanbury Tracy. I do not think this is quite correct. The first may be right, but from private information I learn that the seconder of the address will be Mr. Shaw Lefevre, who was last year elected for Reading, and is a nephew of Viscount Eversley, the late Speaker. It is etiquette to appoint the youngest, members of both Houses, who support the Govern- ment, to perform this duty; they are not, how- ever, selected for their talent. Even the reverse might be said—men of high standing, indeed, seldom undertake it. I remember what trouble it was to the Marquis of Sligo last Session to move the address in the House of Lords. He had prepared his speech, and doubtless read it before the Cabinet Council; he had, however, not taken the trouble to learn it, and therefore crammed his hat full of manuscripts, which he occasionally referred to but the number of hums and ha's" increased so much that it became tedious, both to himself and his audience, and he eventually felt compelled to boldly read it. This put me forcibly in mind of a curious scene which occurred in the great O'Connell's time. A member of the House of Commons had referred so constantly to his hat during his speech that Daniel O'Connell, in a bitter reply, parodied the lines of Goldsmith, deseribing the schoolmaster in his Deserted village "—— —— And still they gazed, and still the wender grew, That one small head should carry all he kiiew." O'Connell was himself at fault in the author, how- ever. Much to the amusement of the House, he said, "The hon. gentleman who last sat down forcibly reminds me of some lines of Shakespeare which I quote as applicable to this House, with the alteration of only one word- And still they gazed, and still the wonder grew, That one small hat should carry all he knew.' A member, who rose afterwards, considerably chaffed Ireland's champion on his want of know- ledge. Turning to domestic affairs. death has been very busy amongst the aristocracy lately. I remember about eighteen years ago, when "Almacks" was flourishing, that one of the best balls ever given in London took place at Willis's Rooms. It was given by the Countess of Tankerville, daughter of the Due de Grammont. How few of those who shone conspicuous at this ball now remain! There were the beautiful Duchess of Rutland, the not less beautiful Countess of Jersey, the Dukes of Wellington, Beaufort, Sutherland, and Devonshire; the lovely Miss Fanny Calendar, afterwards Lady Graham, the pretty Miss Stanhope, afterwards Lady Southampton, the good humoured Duchess of Cannisaro, the witty Lord Alvanley, the Count D'Orsay, the talented Lord Morpeth, afterwards Earl of Carlisle, the noble Marquis of Normanby, Earl Beauchamp, &c. &c.; all that I have enu- merated were there-the admired of all ad- mirers — and now they have all gone to their long homes. I am reminded of this by the unusual number of deceased ladies whose deaths have been recorded during the last fort- night. Amongst whom are the Marchioness of Londonderry, the Countess Dowager of Tanker- ville, the venerable Countess Dowager of Dun- donald, Lady Willoughby D'Eresby, Vicountess Hawarden, and Lady Easthope; and looking over the obituary of these ladies, how pleasing it is to find that their lives were not devoted to pleasure alone, but each in their separate spheres endea- voured to do their duty, and 'all were regarded with great respect, in the several localities in which3 they were best known, for their kind- ness and charity. Foremost amongst these I might piention the Marchioness of Londonderry. She was the "sole heiress to^the estates of her father, Sir Harry Vane Tempest, and after her husband's death she took great interest in the management of her property, and became a kind and liberal benefactress to the poor. The Marchioness of Londonderry was the first lady of rank who spoke in public, an example which has since been fol- lowed by the Duchess of Beaufort, Lady Herbert of Lee, and others. I remember the great sensa- tion created when she first addressed a public 'meeting. It was at the opening of some new schools at-Se8.bara, iB 1&58, which her., ladyship, had erected at her own expense. For the benefit of my readers who may have forgotten it, I give the following extract:— My young friends, I trust you will feel that in building this school, which by God's mercy I have been per- mitted to open this morning, I give you the strongest proof of my interest in your welfare. You all know the parable of the ten talents, and, I doubt not, you think a large portion has fallen to my share. I do not deny this, or seek to shun the accompanying respon- sibility. And while I reflect on the number of persons in my employ and dependent upon me, my heart sinks and fails to assure me that I can do my duty by all • but here, at least, under my own eye, and near my' own hearth, I humbly trust I have not been found wanting. A church is provided for you, where, if you do not attend, the fault will rest on your own head; a school where, if you do not send your chil- dren,'the sin will be yours. Do not imagine I take credit for anything I have done; I feel I am only an. instrument in Gods hands, and as far as this new mining district is concerned, I have been permitted to Xc? thus much; but remember, having done so,, here my responsibility ends and yoiws begins. The school the teachers, the church, the minister, are all provided for you, and the talents are now transferred froTme to you; beware how you misuse them. R0.; spect and obey the voice ofyourole^man; frequent and worship in that church, and make your children Attend tiffschool. T»u have ^C?outhX«; see vou make no idle one. Remember youth ia the time to learn, as spring is the seed time autumn the harvest, and as you sow, so shaUyoureap In the words of Scripture, Train up a child he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it." Did space permit me, I might expatiate upon the good qualities of the other deceased ladies, particularly on those of the Viscountess Hawarden; but all of them have left behind them a monu- ment of their own creation, which will rest in the memories of the friends that survive them. I have always spoken highly of the Polytechnic, as a place well worth a visit, and have approved o the lectures given by Professor Pepper. What was my astonishment, however, the other day, when I paid a visit there, to hear the very doc- trine which has been so powerfully condemned elsewhere, set forward at the Polytechnic as a fact! I mean supernatural agency." There were numbers of young people assembled there- children from five years upwards-and the rope trick was introduced, when the lecturer had the audacity to tell his audience that the actor was untied by supernatural means. One gentleman f called out, If that is the case, what need of a | screen ? Take that away! Let it be done before our eyes, and we .might, perhaps, believe you." The lecturer at first said, This will be explained afterwards;" but, hesitating for a minute, he said, "We must not take these things from a common sense view, they are oftentimes above our compre- hension. There are many sceptics about super- natural agency, but a lady, in a court of justice, who denied the existence of such a thing, afterwards went to see the celebrated crystal at Zadkiel's, and saw figures there that surprised her." After this the ghost scenes were introduced without any explanation. Now, I do think this is liable to create a false impression on the minds of the young; and I was sorry and disappointed to find that such erroneous doctrines should find expres- sion at the Polytechnic.
EXECUTION OF KOHL AT CHELMSFORD, Ferdinand Edward Karl Kohl has been executed at Chelmsford-gaol for the murder of Theodore Christian Fuhrhop, on the Plaistow-marshes. So recently have the particulars of this horrible murder been before our readers that it is unnecessary to repeat the facts con- nected with its perpetration. After his trial, which lasted a day and a half, although no witnesses were called for the defence, Kohl was committed to the custody of the Sheriff of the county of Essex, and conveyed to Chelmsford-gaol on the 12th inst. He was then handed over to the safe keeping of Captain Henry M'Gorrery, the courteous and universally respected governor of the gaol, whose vigilance was more than ordinarily called into re- quisition, consequent upon the obstreporous and violent disposition of his prisoner. Kohl, when sentence of death was passed upon him, was impressively warned that there was no hope for him in this world, and, indeed, so strong were the circumstances of the case against hire, that the public generally did not for a moment doubt his guil't, and, from the brutal nature of the murder there has not been an expression of commiseration uttered for the wretched man. This being so. Captain M'Gorrery, during the time Kohl was in his charge, did not lose an opportunity of assuring him that no efforts were being made for a respite, and further of impressing upon him the fact that the sentence of the law would most assuredly be carried out, believing that if he could once get him to realise the fact it might be the means of inducing him to confess. The laudable efforts, however, of this gentleman proved entirely fruitless, for all along the prisoner strenuously protested his nnocence, and when pushed to tell the truth, would in- dignantly and violently repudiate the charge. He argued that if he had been guilty he should have left the country; and again, he said that his case and that of Muller's were widely different, because, as he said, Mr. Brigga's things were found on Muller, nothing was found on me." While at Chelmsford he had an interview with his wife, and in re- ferring to the evidence that was adduced against him, he saidj *'Y&a know, my dear, that I was,apt in .the green- grocer's shop on the Saturday. Tou know that yombought the cabbages yourself." And upon inquiries subsequently made by Dr. Cappel, it was ascertained that the prisoner s wife did buy the cabbages spoken of on the trial, but the fact of the prisoner having been in the shop on that night was not disputed. During the prisoner's confinement at Chelms- ford he did not go to bed any night before twelve o'clock, and when asked why he failed to go earlier, he answered, Because I cannot sleep." He all along enjoyed his meals, and upon the whole was very cheerful, occasionally whist- ling and singing while exercising in the prison yard. But, notwithstanding this assumption of indifference to his posi- tion, which no doubt was prompted by the vain hope that it would tend to give him an air of innocence, he was by no means neglectful of his religious duties, as he frequently read Psalms and prayed aloud. The day before he was hung he" stood for his photograph, and afterwards, on going to his cell, said, "Come, let me have a good dinner to-dav; it is the last I shall have." And although he said this with a smile, he meant it, for after eating 4 ounces of bread, 16 ounces of potatoes, and 12 ounces of suet pudding (the ordinary high or fifth class diet), he expressed a desire for something more, and was served with a large mutton chop, which he ate with avidity. Soon after his dinner he remarked that his cocoa was nearly out, and that he hoped the warder would get some more for him. During the afternoon of Wednesday he frequently referred to the false evidence that had been adduced against him, and at intervals flew into violent passions, repeating the words, My heart and hands are as white as snow." Dr. Cappel visited the wretched man at six o'clook the night previous to the execution, and remained with him till half-past eight. During this interview the prisoner, when exhorted by the rev. gentleman to make a confession of his crime, became very violent, emphatically protesting his innocence, reiterating, My heart and hands are as white as snow." At times in this interval the violence of the prisoner was so excessive that not alone was it deemed expedient by the governor, but Dr. Cappel requested that a couple of warders should remain in the cell with him, in case the prisoner as- saulted him. Towards the end of the interview, how- ever, the prisoner became calmer, and then one of the warders was allowed to withdraw from the cell and keep watch outside. When Dr. Cappel left him he walked some time up and down his cell, and then asked for some cocoa and toast. This was supplied, and he appeared much to enjoy his repast. He then asked for a. sheet of paper to write a letter to his wife. He began to write, when Dr. Cappel returned to the cell, and read several parts of the Scriptures to him, concluding with a prayer, in which the prisoner seemed devoutly to join. Upon being again left to himself he resumed and finished, his letter to his wife. He afterwards read the Commandments and several prayers aloud, and lastly a letter written to him by his father, over which he wept bitterly. While thus weeping the prison clock struck the midnight hour. This seemed somewhat to arouse him from his grief, and with rather a determined air made an effort to drown it, and after a few moments' reflection he commenced to undress himself. After taking his coat off he knelt down by the side of the bed, and burying his face in his hands he prayed and sobbed aloud for some considerable time. He subsequently went to bed, asking one of the warders to call him at six o'clock in the morning. He fell asleep soon after twelve, and slept soundly till three. After this hour he became restless, turning and moaning at intervals during the remainder of the night. According to his request he was called at six o'clock. At a quarter-past he got up, washed and dressed himself, and then knelt and prayed for some time. He was asked if he would take any breakfast, but this he declined to do till he had seen Dr. Cappel, as he said he should like first to take the sacrament. At half- past six o'clock Dr. Cappel again visited the wretched man, and after warning him of his fast approaching end, exhorted him to confess his guilt. This he vehemently refused to do, repeating that his heart and hands were as white as snow." He also referred to some of the witnesses who appeared against him on his trial; declared they had perjured them- selves, and spoke in terms of great regret that his solicitor failed to call witnesses for his defence, or they, he said, would have proved him innocen5. Shortly bMore-eight o'clock ha,.sai -dowa-and partook of some breakfast, and appeared comparatively cheerful. Hav- ing finished his meal, he got up and walked hurriedly about his cell. Then he went on to protest his innocence, and finally became very excited, and fainted, falling upon his back. Restoratives were applied, and with the assistance of some six warders he was raised and supported upon his feet. Upon recovering his self-possession he again became violent, and, seizing a pen with which he had been writing, tried to thrust it down his throat. He, however, was prevented doing this; but, as it was, a portion of the pen penetrated the roof of his mouth. It evidently produced much pain, and he asked to have it taken out, but as it wanted but a few minutes to nine o'clock the warders refused to do so. The mournful procession, consisting of the Sheriff, the Under-Sherif, Dr. Cappel, the Rev. Mr. Hamilton, and the Governor of the gaol, and led off by the wretched man and Calcraft, who walked by his side, moved slowly to the press- room. JJere Kohl was pinioned. During the procession the prisoner who trembled violently and looked deadly pale, in answer to the unceasing exhortations of Dr. Cappel, firmly and emphatically protested his innocence. Some two minutes before nine o'clock the solemn knell of the prison bell indicated the approach of the prisoner to the scaf- fold and a minute afterwards he appeared under the fatal drop, which was erected over the prison gate. Here some slight delay took place, as he appeared as if he wished to turn his back to the people, and turned different ways before he was in the proper position to have the rope ad- justed. As soon as the rope was round his neck, he began to pray in German very loudly, uttering emphatically at the last moment, "I die an innocent man, so help my God and Jesus" The wretched man was then launched into eternity, amidst a shudder of horror from the assembled multitude. He struggled for some considerable time, and appeared to die very hard. His body, after hanging till ten o'clock was cut down and buried within the precincts of the prison. The multitude, although by no means vast, then quietly dispersed. It is due to Captain M'Gorrery, the governor of the ga'>l, to acknowledge the courtesy and readiness with which 'he afforded facilities for acquiring information, and to Super- intendents May and Thompson, of the Essex constabulaiTr, a word of praise is specially due for the admirable dis- position of their men, by which the strictest order was preserved. »
Cerebral Organisation oi Kohl. Mr. C. DGuDvan, phrenologist, writing on this sub- ject, saysThat Franz Muller spoke truly in denying his guiltiness of murder, whether designed or actually perpetrated by his hand, may be admitted as likely by persons competent to infer character from cerebral organisation; for Muller's head stands forward boldly from that animalised contour of brain which is now becoming familiar to persons much in contact with the lowest cla" of convicts. The type of the cri- minal head and face, says a late writer, is well known in Portland and its neighbourhood;" In the case of Kohl there could be no doubt as to the type of his head. By the kindness of the HigllSheriff of Essex I waa permitted to take a cast of Kohl's head after his execution. The reality almost exceeded what I expected t0If? as there is now little ground for doubting, the inborn moral and religious sentiments are the functional result of action in the coronal parts, or organs, of the brain, the animal feelings being in like manner connected with the basilar region, then Kohl may be said to have come into existence devoid of a moral character; and therefore to have been, what he has proved himself to have been, a born brute. I doubt if, in the large number of casts of mur- derers' heads in the phrenological collections, there be half a dozen of so low and dangerous a type as Kohl's. In ad- dition to the ordinary characteristics of the brute man, Kohl had that one which intensifies every other. He was a voracious eater and an epicure. The day before his execu- tion he asked for an extra allowance of meat and bread, and at his last breakfast he called for new bread. Costeris paribus, the heavy feeder is ever the more brutal. Kohl's demeanour since his condemnation was an alternation of outbursts of savage rage and lapses into meek and smiling craftiness. He had to be watched as if he were actually that to which his nature so closely approached-a homicidal maniac or a ferocious wild beast. The very full development of his perceptive organs gave him the intelligence so remarkable in most of the savage races. He was quick to learn," but not wise t. know." Of power to trace, prospectively, the concatenation of CR"se and effect he must have been mise- rably deficient. His forehead was "villanously low." Of coronal or moral development his organisation was "below zero." Religious and moral sentiment he must have been almost totally devoid of. When even on the brink of "the jump into the dark" (the fear af which alone restrains many of the savages in this country from murdering), a word of truth did not burst from Kohl's lips. The contrast between the heads of Muller and Kohl must be very interesting to phrenologists. Even to the number of intelligent persons who, from ignorance of the doctrines of phrenology, or in- attention to the language of the head (not an easy one to learn) think of phrenology as if it were a crotchet of a few minds-not a new revelation of an original law of nature, which not to know and obey is to be ever in danger-the crimes, the fates, and the cerebral organisations of these men ought to teach a lesson of at least modesty in judging, and in speaking of, a subject which all who have not studied it can speak only at random. Of course this obser- vation does not apply to "critics," who have the privilege of knowing all things, not by ex but by in-tuition. and who are already made." Let us not forget, in our detestation of crime, and in the just punishment of criminals, that no man chooses his own mental organisation, nor his educa- tion. In phrenology man is informed of a whole code of laws, revealed in God's good time, but as yet lamentably ignored and despised, even in quarters where all the Divine, laws ought to be reverently studied, and from which they should be loudly promulgated.
THE HON. EDWARD EVERETT. Among the announcements contained in the news brought by the Asia is that of the death of Mr Everett, formerly minister of the United States to this country. Mr. Everett was known to a large section of society in England, and the news of his death will excite kindly regret beyond the circle with which his political duties brought him into contact. Mr. Everett was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1794. He was educated at Har- father, became pastor of a church in Boston. In 1814 he was appointed to a newly-founded professor- ( ship of Greek literature in his own university, and the better to qualify himself, came to Europe, and studied for two years at the University of Gottinges. In 1824 Mr. Everett was elected to Congress, his nomi- nation having been made without consulting him, and the body of his supporters comprising men of all parties. He sat ten years in Congress, during the whole of which he was a member of the Committee of Foreign Affairs. In the autumn of 1834 he was chosen Governor of Massachusetts, to which he was three times re-elected. His period of office was marked by the organisation of the Board of Education, the establishment of normal schools, t^i^" scientific and agricultural surveys of the State, and the establishment of a commission for the revision of the criminal law. In 1840 he again visited Europe with his family, and spent nearly a year in France and Italy. It was at this time that, on the recommendation of his friend Mr. Webster, General Harrison's Secretary of State, he was ap- pointed minister of his country at the court.. of St. James's. At that time a number of thorny questions urgently needed settlement. These were the recent burning of the Caroline, the case of the Creole, disputes concerning Oregon, and the seizure and detention of American vessels' by British cruisers" on the coast of Africa. On all these'questions Mr. Everett was left without specific instructions, and to the un- fettered exercise of his own judgment, and although the settlement of the Oregon difficulty was -reserved for ether hands, he succeeded to the satisfaction not only of Mr. Webster but of his three successors in the Secretaryship of State. In 1845 Mr. Everett returned home, became president of Harvard College, and pub- lished a collected edition of his own speeches. In 1853, Mr. Everett was elected a senator for Massa- chusetts, but was compelled to resign his seat in the following year by ill-health.
THE SfTREETS OF LONDON AT NIGHT. Those who are in the habit of traversing the streets of London by night, and those especially who pass through them during the small hours of the morn- ing, witness scenes of which persons who sit at home at ease can form but a faint idea. The houseless poverty of crowds that throng around the workhouse door, the more pitiable wretchedness of creatures crouched in doorways, or squatted in the shadow of some dead wall, where they hope to escape the vigilance of the guardians of the night, the bacchanalian riot- ing of others as they reel in wild debauchery along, the stupefied inebriety of drunken wretches lying sense- less on the pavement, or endeavouring to stagger homeward, under some vague impression that a meeting with the police might turn them from their proposed destination-such are some of the scenes witnessed by those whose business, or other lawfal causes, oblige to pass through the streets of our great metropolis by night. Bat of all the revolting spectacles that our midnight thoroughfares present, the most painful to behold is the degradation of young females. Girls, still in their first youth, nay, creatures scarcely passed childhood, are to be seen profaning the holy silence of night, and abandoning themselves to the commission of crime. If the antecedents of these poor children were traced, and the nature of their first training in- qnilfed into; shouM'probably-find-that-their aetaait- degradation is only a natural consequence of their first impressions. We shall not descant upon the two fre- quent companionship of poverty and crime in a great city. Even the virtuous poor are often compelled by circumstances to dwell in localities where their children are early accustomed to see and hear what cannot fail to contaminate their minds. And if whenfthese little ones grow up they enter upon evil courses, the only redeeming chance left for them is in the com- mission of some crime of which the law can take hold. Let them commit a felony, and if, on being formally pronounced guilty, they are sent to a reformatory, there is a chance presented to them of a change of life. A case suggestive 'of these, reflections occurred very recently. At the Middlesex Sessions four girls were brought up for trial; two were charged with having stolen a gqld watch, and the otber two with having received the stolen property. These four girls were each about fifteen years of age. They had been seen about two a'clock of a morning, in company with. a, drunken man, in a street leading off the Strand. It was their drunken companion on this occasion who lost his watch. The charges brought against these unfortu-' nate young girls were fully proved, and they were con- demned—two to twelve months' imprisonment,for steal- ing the watch, the two others to six months' imprison- ment for receiving it. The Assistant-Judge, before passing this sentence, addressed the prisoners. He had no doubt, he said, that the story of their lives was one of wretchedness and want, and as they had not before been convicted of felony, they would be dealt leniently with. We can fully sympathise with the feelings that influenced the learned judge, but we should have been better pleased if, after having satis- fied the claims of justice by condemning the prisoners to a term,of imprisonment, he had added, that for a longer term-say two or three years—they should re- main in a reformatory. It would have afforded them an opportunity—the first, perhaps, ever presented to them-of receiving moral instruction, and of acquiring good habits. And, even if these results did not follow, an abode in a reformatory would at least have pre- vented these unfortunate young creatures from pur- suing for some time a life of public shame Each of these girls was about fifteen years of age; and the four were walking about the streets of London at two o'clock in the morning with a drunken man. How horrible! Now, the question is whether any of the four will emerge from her ga.ol captivity qualified. to become, a better member of society than she was before entering within the prison walls. We rather fear that they will return to the world hardened by, the consciousness that the brand of crime, has been stamped upon them; and then their latter state be- comes worse 'than. their first., We repeat ou; regret that the Assistant-Judge had not ordered these girls to be sent to a reformatory.—O&serwr,
PERSONATION OF A BROTHER IN WALES. It does not often happen (says the North Wales- Chronicle) that cases of gross imposture occur in Wales, but an instance has just taken place at Aber- dovey, of which Mr. Edward Jones, draper, and his mother were the victims. We will give the facts as stated before the Aberdovey magistrates, Messrs. C. F. T. Thruston and John Pughe. The prisoner, whose real name was not known, was charged with obtaining money under false pretences—namely, by representing himself to be John Jones, the son of Mr. Jones, and brother of Mr. Edward Jones, draper, and who had just returned from Australia after a prolonged absence. Edward Jones deposed-I am the son of the late Mr. Lewis Jones, who died some years ago. My mother is still alive. I first saw the prisoner on Wednesday evening, the 21st of December. A woman of the name of Margaret Russell came to my shop, and shaking hands with me said that she had a friend with her that I I should like to see very much, adding, "Your brother John has come home." The excitement at this was very much, and I took her out of the shop to the kitchen to tell my mother. The excitement *was so much that I could not come to myself in a minute. She then requested me to go with her to Richard Davies's shop. I fallowed her there, and when I entered the shop, I suppose the prisoner knew me, as he came to me and said, "Is that you, Ted?" and then put his arms around my neck and kissed me. I said to him, "Is that you, John?" and he replied, "Yes." I asked him if he had any luggage to carry, and he said, No, only a rug," I then walked with him home. We went to the kitchen, and mother got up, and he kissed her, and fell into a fit on the chair. I went for a glass of water, and he recovered a bit, and then I made him E. glass of hot brandy-and-water. He asked mother to drink out of his glass, and he asked me to write to Mr. chief engineer @f the Kangaroo, then lying at St. Katharine's Dock, London, requesting him to remit him X20 by return of post. I did so, and have yet had no answer. We went out for a walk, but he did not seem to have any recolleotion of the place. He stayed in my house until Friday; my mother questioned him about places, but he could make no reply, and knew nothing about places without being first told them, and then would say, "Yes," "Very well," "How strange the place appeared now," and such like. He told us that he came from Australia on board this vessel, and that she was consigned to Liverpool, that she had been to Queenstown, and had passed Holyhead on the Thurs- day previous, and a telegraphic message was received off there that she must go to London, where she ar- rived on Sunday. And then he related that he had had some important business with the family of William Russell, and had informed them of the death of their son at Ballarat; and afterwards he gave his 1 Vergi«rar bt His- fifiding Mar^aret' EusselT out"' in London, and of his visit with the family a few miles below Aberystwith. Prisoner slept at my house on the Wed. nesday night, and on the Thursday morning came to me to the shop, and said that as his trousers were so shabby he should like to have a new pair, and would be very glad to have them by Sunday. I got the tailor to measure him for a new pair. He had from me a necktie a stick, a pipe, and a shirt. I never had known my brother. I was too young to remember him when he went away. He had the things upon the representation that he was my brother. He several times asked if I doubted whether he was my brother. After being out for a walk on Friday he asked me for five shillings. In the evening of that day I went with him to the station to meet my sister, and she asked me if he was my brother. The prisoner put his arms round her neck; she asked him, Is that you, John ? The prisoner made no reply. They walked together home. My sister first doubted him, and told Captain John Pryce, who had come into the shop. Captain Pryce went into the kitchen to Flin, and questioned him, which he did not like. Captain Pryce told him to show the two J's which he (Pryce) had put on his arm when they were boys together. Prisoner said that he did not like to be bothered, and then called witness aside to the show-room. Prisoner wanted to fight Captain Pryce, and then went out. About eleven o' clock the same evening Miss Lewis, of the Dovey Hotel, came to me, and asked me to fetch my brother home. He came home with. me. My sister was sitting in the kitchen, and he asked her what was the matter with her; did she want anything; he would give her a cheque. She said she did not want money. He asked for a candle, and then went to bed, and complained of being sick. He took a draught of water, and said he was better. I asked him to show me the marks upon him; my mother having told me of the marks, and of a birth- mark or mole on my brother John's side. I made him show his two arms to show the two J's referred to by Captain Pryce. He was rather obstinate at first. There were none of the marks upon him. I then told him to get up and dress himself, that there was no place for him there. I was convinced that he was not my brother. He gave me his purse, and told me to take 25s. out of it, which was the amount he had from me, which included the Xlmyihother gave him. Ser- geant Roberts was down-stairs, and when he saw him prisoner said, I am in for it now." Mrs. Mary Lloyd, last witness's mother, deposed that the pri- soner had bad zCl from her on Thursday. She had remarked to him that if he was her son he was greatly altered; to which the prisoner replied that the world had greatly altered him. He had seen a deal of trouble. She had doubted him being, her son during the Friday, in consequence of his answers to her questions. Her son John had been absent nineteen years, and she was convinced that prisoner was not her son. Captain Pryce deposed that the prisoner was not John Jones, Edward Jones's brother. He had sufficient recollection of him to recognise John Jones at once. Prisoner was committed to take his trial at the next quarter sessions for obtaining money under false pretences. r,
THE BISHOP OF LONDONtS FUND. The first annual meeting of the board of manage- ment of this fund was held on Tuesday evening at 46A, Pall-mall, to receive the first annual report of the -executive committee,, which .will in- the. course of a few days be issued to the subscribers. There was a very full attendance, amongst those present being rc Lord Ebury, Lord Sandon, Lord Radstock, Sir Thos. Waller, Sir J. J. Hamilton, Bart., Sir George Baker, Bart., the Host. Arthur Kinnaird, M.P., Capt. Chas. North, Mr. P. Cazenove, and a great number of the metropolitan clergy. The Bishop of London, who presided, called atten- tion to a few points in connection with the report which seemed to him worthy of consideration. He wished to direct the attentian of the committee to those points which seemed to him somewhat peculiar, and. which really constituted the difficulties of the mode of their proceeding, as well as its experiences. They had decided to systematise their whole work, so that the effort they made should be conducted upon some very distinct and intelligible scheme, and had appointed a committee, called commonly the origination com- mittee." Objections had been made, to that name as .being a peculiar name, but it had this merit that it tolerably well explained by its name what its office was. The business of that committee was to originate the operation of the scheme in the various districts of London. This origination committee hsd been now at work for a long time, and their work was of a very delicate kind indeed, for they had to consider what were the places which most required the help of the fund. Now, speaking with the greatest deference of the whole body of the clergy in London, it still, of course, could not be denied that there might be places where the want was greatest and where yet the action towards the remedy of that want was not most likely to arise from the district itself. It was conceivable thbot there might be such a state of apathy in certain portions of the diocese that neither clergy nor laity might be sufficiently aware of the melancholy state of things around them. What, therefore, was desired was that by kindly suggestions the attention of those who were most interested in the spiritual welfare of each locality should be directed to the state of things in their particular neighbourhoods, so that a helping hand might be held out, and that per- sons who lived in those most destitute of all districts might be induced by such offers of help to under- take that which, perhaps, if they had been left to themselves, they would never have thought of doing. Now that was really the most difficult and delicate thing that any set of men could take in hand. The second paint was of an equally difficult and delicate kind. It was difficult, they knew, to build churches; it was difficult" to carry into effect the organisation required for the formation of a new parish; but it was more difficult still to find the right man to act in that parish when it was formed He believed that they had undertaken their duty with a deep sense of that evil which might, at times, prevent the progress of Church extension. It was quite possibla that a new church might be built and a new district formed, and that after all there might Be very little result to God's glory or to the good of men's souls from the whole expenditure of energy, and money, and means in bringing such a parish into existence. A. rule had been established that every human precaution should be taken in the appointment of persons to work the missionary distrists connected with the [ fund who were really fitted for the particular dat: (s to which they were sent. On him had devolvori, hy the request of the council, the administration of this very difficult and delicate matter. These delicacies and difficulties would be understood in a moment. There was a missionary district to which they were going to send a clergyman, going to give him a stipend and other helps for his mission station and his school. The natural thing in the mind of every inoumbent was- here I have a worthy man serving as my curate; why not appoint him to this new office P Now, that curate might be most admirably qualified for the quiet and calm duties of the parochial churches in which he had hitherto laboured, but not at all qualified for that totally different work of breaking up the soil in some portions of a parish in which hitherto no efforts had been made. What the administrators of the fund had endeavoured to do was to lay before themselves that they were not only to have good men, but, if possible, to have the particular sort of men who were suited for each particular place to which they sent them. Now, as he had said, the council had requested him to administer that particular part of their work, and it was a very difficult and delicate taak to carry their wishes and the wishes of the subscribers into effect. There was a third point to which he wished to draw attention. He had felt that the pre- sent was a time to set to work to get all the districts formed, so that they might be first with the eccle- siastical commissioners, the firat to report the number of their new churches anddistricts, but further con- sideration had convinced him that this would not have been wise. They were engaged in a great experi- ment, that mUHt be spread over ten years, and to make it of good effect they must not be in a hurry, so that instead of going at once to the ecclesiastical commissioners to form a district, it would be more advisable for them to feel their way, by sending here and there a missionary, and seeing what success he met with. When they saw that suocess had attended his efforts, and that his work was. ripe for the harvest, they might go to the ecclesiastical commissioners for a permanent endowment, when they could say not only that they were ready to baild a church, but that they had a congregation for the church to receive, and a tried minister to officiate in it when built. Thus it might appear when the report was read as if they had not been making such rapid progress in building churches as could have been wished, but he was sure it was a wise'oourso that they had taken. He would not detain them longer except by recapitulating the three points to which he wished attention to be called. First, the endeavour they had made to stir up dis- tricts which required aid. Second, the endeavour they had made t? set to work machinery by which not only good men might be obtained, bat the particular sort of good men required for particular districts. Third, the gradual way in which they thought they should best do their work, namely by a tentative process, by quietly feeling their way, and by building up mis- sionary stations which it might take a considerable time to, develope into fixed parishes (cheers). Mr. T. Bodley, the secretary to the fund, then read an elaborate repert. After an historical statement of the origin of the fund, the report proceeds to say that the total receipts of the fund to December 31,1884, are X100,456 13s. 6d., and a further sum JB72,0(l3 Is. 1-Od. has been pro- mised. The income had been obtained from three sources: 1st, contributions from individual donors, or from corporate or other public- bodies, made directly to the central committee; 2ndly, contributions re- ceived through local associations, or as collections in parishes or districts where no actual auxiliary associa- tions have been formed; 3rdly, church collections and offertories. Under the first head, the amount re- ceived to December 31, 1864, is < £ 75,781. Nearly X12,000 has been paid by local associations; and a further sum of < £ 2,477 has been received as parochial collections. And nearly £ 9,000 has been obtained from church collections and offertories. The com- mittee think that this statement of the income of the fund will encourage the efforts of all who are interested in this work. That at the close of last year one-tenth of the fund should have been obtained, and that a considerable portion of another tenth should have been promised to meet the requirements of future years, will, they believe, be felt as a matter for con- gratulation, and for thankfulness to Him who is the source of all charity, and who inspires all self-sacrifioe for others made in his name. From the time when the fund commenced its operations to Dec. 31,1864, provision has been .-made under these grants far the employment of 48 missionary clergy. Grants have also been voted for 4& parochial curates. The total number of additional clergy for which grants have thus been made is 88. Within the same period grants have been made for 47 Scripture readers, whose stipends are entirely, or in part, paid from the fund. Grants have also been made in aid of the stipends of fifteen parochial mission women. Grants in aid have been voted for four parsonages. X4,250 has been applied to the erection, purchase, or enlargement of eleven schools. For the sites of three other schools, £1,400 has been granted, and £ 1 000 has been placed at the disposal of the diocesan board of education, to be applied for the purchase of fittings, and for other minor expenses incurred in the estab- lishment of now schools. It should be observed that in all cases the mission stations and school churches, for which grants have been made, are used as schools on week days, and that a large addition has been thus made to the school accommodation of London. The report was unanimously adopted, and, after some further observations from the Bishop of London, and the transaction of some routine business, the rev. chairman dismissed the meeting with the benediction.
-FOU.N.D -IN POSSESSION OF STOLEN PROPERTY. A short time since an extensive robbery of wearing apparel, jewellery, &e., was committed at the seat of Lord Holmesdale, M.P., Linton-place, Kent. Every exertion was made by Mr. Superintendent Maloney of the Kent County Constabulary, to discover the perpetrators of the robbery, and a printed list of the articles stolen was circulated throughout England. On Wednesday last, a man went into a pawnbroker's shop at Birmingham, and offered a small blue enamel ring, with a diamond star in the centre, in pledge, when the pawnbroker identified the ring as agreeing with the description of one among those stolen from Lord Holmesdale's. This led to the prisoner being taken into custody, and when examined by the police, it was found he had on two suits of clothes, all of which belonged to Lord Holmesdale. A large portion of the missing property was found upon him, and among other articles were a gold bracelet, a gold locket, gold earrings and drops, seals, an opera-glass, and other articles, all of which have been identified as forming part of the proceeds of the robbery. About a fortnight since Superintendent Maloney found that seven old-fashioned rings of great value and two medals had been left by the prisoner at a house in Towcester, Northamptonshire. Up to the present time the accused has refused to give his name, and conducts himself in a very morose manner. How the prisoner, who is a perfect stranger in the neigh- bourhood of Linton, came into possession of the property, is unknown, but when questioned on the subject he said, „ "The things were given to me by three gentlemen and am elderly laa, in the neighbourhood of Gros- venor-square, London, a little better than a fortnight before^ Christmas last, In answer to further ques- tions he said, 1 he gentleman said his name was Lord Cornwallis, and that I was his cousin; he then gave me some money." Until Monday he had obstinately refused to eat any food. He declines to give any name, J^13 description is as lollows43 years of age, 51t. 7m. m height, brown hair, whiskers, and mous- tache, and oval visage, fairly proportioned, several mole marks about his body, and on his breast and back is the word Cupping." This is supposed to be his name.
Salutations.—The following are the salutations used in the nations enumerated: How do you do r is English and American. How do you carry yourself ? is Freneh. How do you stand? is Italian. How do you find yourself ? is German. How do you fare ? is Dutch. How can you? is Swedish. How do you perspire ? is Egyptian. How is your stomach, have you eaten your rice P is Chinese. How do you have yourself ? is Polish. How do you live on ? is Russian. May thy shadow never be less 1 is Persian.