EPITOME OF NEWS. A letter carrier going his round near Bandon, county Cork, the other day, was met and gored to death by II. bull. The deliveries of tea in London during the past week are estimated at 1,262,7481b., which is a decrease of 16,5291b. compared with the previous week's statement. The "Cambridge Independent" says thai the Hon. J. H. Strutt, of Trinity, is generally expected to be the Senior Wrangler this year. It is said that the music hall in the Strand is likely to be turned into a synagogue, the principal expense of which will be borne by Baron Rothschild. A brother of the well-known Southern General Breckenridge is at present working in Grreenoci as a journeyman engineer. He is named Archibald Brecken- ridge. The ceremonial visit to the Pope at Rome was followed by the release of seventy criminals, and within twenty-four hours several highway robberies were com- mitted. It is said there are no less than three comets visible at the present moment. Two o'clock a.m. is about the best time to look out for them, and for those who have nothing else to do, it might be pleasant amusement. The letter from Dr. Mackay, of New York, estimates the cost of the Wilmington expedition at upwards of 30,000,000 dollars, or about zC3,000,000 sterling, allowing for the depreciation of the currency. Mr. George Whitford, the senior Irish Knight Bachelor," died at Mount Salem, Queen's County, a few days ago. The French Government has received intelli- gence that locusts have done such immense damage to the crops and plantations in Senegal that a famine this year is apprehended. There are upwards of 10,000 composition deeds registered under the bankruptcy law. The present Act came into operation on the 11th October, 1861. The young man Wilson, who was so seriously injured at the Galashiels Railway Station on Saturday after- noon, by one of the engines going over both his legs, died at his father's house, near Kelso, on Monday morning. The Duke of Cambridge has issued an order that all those in her Majesty's service who were in front of Lucknow in 1857 are to be granted one year's service and pay. ■ there is at present living at Twizel an old woman, named Margaret Patterson, who has attained to the remarkable age of 102. With the exception of hearing, all her faculties are still good. ■ Governori Cannon, in his annual message to the Legislature of Delaware, again takes strong ground in favour of emancipation in that State, as he did in his inau- gural address. On Monday afternoon a new building, which was in process of erection for the Liverpool Mercury offices, pa^-ly fell to the ground, and buried at least one workman the ruins In the English Channel, on Sunday evening, H.M. corvette Cadmus came into collision with the barque Maynard, from New York. The smaller vessel sustained some injury, but no lives appear to have been lost. We understand that Sir Humphrey de Trafford, Bart., with his usual munificence, is about to erect, at a cost H of £ 20,000, a magnificent parish church at Barton-on-Irwell, to replace the building now used for that purpose. There are still, it appears, upwards of 90,000 persons out of work in the cotton districts in Lancashire and in receipt of relief either from the rates or the com- mittees. A proposition will be brought forward at the next general meeting of the Garrick Club to extend their numbers to six hundred. The candidate book is full of H names of many most anxious for admission. ■ An inquest was recently held in the Waterloo road, London, on the body of Caroline Louisa Pocknell, aged two years, who died by having her dress accidentally set on fire. Verdict, Accidental Death. H A lock-keeper at Milethorne, on the river Dun, died last week at the advanced age of eighty-nine years. He was the father of fourteen children, and lived to see around him forty-five grandchildren, seventy-nine great grandchildren, and one great great grandchild. ■ Two youths were drowned near Wolver. H hampton on Sunday by the breaking' of the ice on a pond over which they were sliding. The ice was of considerable H, thickness, but one of them jumping on the surface it broke, H i and both fell into a deep part of the watsr. I Mr. Edward Mayers, of the War Office, who was ■ one of the sufferers by the accident in the Blackheath ■ Tunnel, was able to be removed on Saturday from the ■ Charing-cross Hospital to his home at Barnes, after a con- Hfinement of five weeks in that establishment. I The granite blocks for the base and pedestal of the memorial to his Royal Highness the late Prince Con- r sort have been received by the contractor, Mr. Kelk, from the quarries of the Scottish Granite Company, in the Isle of Mull. They are now at Limehouse. The only notice the Confederates took of the mammoth torpedo exploded near Fort Fisher was contained in Richmond papers as follows:—"A Yankee gunboat grounded last night near Fort Fisher, and was blown up by the enemy." The bricklayers and bricklayers' labourers em. ployed in Wigan and the neighbourhood have given notice to their employers, that on the 1st of March next, they shall require an advance of wages to the extent of 10 per cent. on the sum they at present receive. A letter from Coburg states that Queen Victoria, the King of the Belgians, and all the Royal family of England will arrive thera in May next, and that the betrothal of the Princess Helena with the Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar will then take place; this, however, has been doubted by some of the London papers. A cargo of Japanese silkworms has just reached Marseilles, and it is intended to disperse these valuable caterpillars throughout the silk-producing regions II of France. This is something like a practical attempt at acclimatisation. The magistrates at Belfast have been engaged hearing claims for damage done during the late riots. The claims amount to between £6,000 and £7,000. In one in- V stance a jeweller was allowed £1,300; in another, a manu- facturer, £ 800. It was lately ptated at a Bible association an- niversary that a calculation had been made respecting the proportionate value of the services of gentlemen and ladies as collectors for charitable and religious purposes, and it was found that one lady was worth thirteen gentlemen and a-half. The half-yearly meeting of the North Staf- fordshire Railway Company is called for the 15th February; that of the Mid Kent Railway Company for the 13th February; and that of the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway Company for the 10th February. The "Court Journal" says that the Princess Mary of Cambridge is still at Strelitz, where she seems to be most thoroughly enjoying herself. Her Royal Highness will not return to England till the Duchess of Cambridge has joined her at the annual family gathering at Rumpen- heim. At a meeting held in Liverpool a unanimous opinion has been expressed in favour of supporting the pro- ject to be brought before Parliament next session for carrying* a railway under the bed of the Mersey, connecting Liverpool and Birkenhead, and shortening by ten minutes the distance between Liverpool and Manchester. One of the R epublican papers of New York, after speaking of General Butler's quarrels with Gilmore and others, remarks The public do not SO much censure General Butler for the failures which have invariably at. tended him, from Big Bethel to Fort Fisher, as the autho- rities who nave kept him in the field." A contemporary says, from good authority, it believes, that the uame of the major killed in Japan (and stated to have been illegible in a telegram recently pub- lished) is Major Baldwin, of the 20th regiment. It is so reported in a telegram given by Mr. Seward to her Majesty's charge d'affaires at Washington. It will be remembered that a few weeks ago a deplorable accident occui red at Leeswcod-green colliery, near Mold, by which eight persons were drowned. After several adjourned inquests a verdict of manslaughter has been returned by the jury against the proprietors of the colliery, Messrs. Craig, Taylor, and Craig. A young m riled English lady of the name of Lloyd, who has just made her debut in Parisian society, was unanimously declared the belle of the last ball at the Tuileries. Seldom indeed has an English beauty made a greater sensation, and ttiat is saying a great deal, seeing that many of our English beauties have at different times shone here with the greatest splendour. The storm that passed over the English coasts last week appears to have raged ever a very large space. The accounts which come to hand from various quarters show that very much property has been destroyed, and many lives lost. There have been several wrecks in the Channel, and, in some cases at least, all hands have perished with the vessel. The annual report of the Secretary of the Royal Society for the Protection of Life from Fire states that during the year 1S6-1 the escape conductors attended 708 fires in the metropolitan district, and were successful in sating 57 lives. Thi« self-supperting society has 85 stations, 5 inspectors, and 100 men under their keeping. At a meeting of the committee of the Newspaper Press Fund, held the other day, a letter was read from Mr. Charles Dickens, stating that he would have great pleasure in presiding at the annual uinner of the fund to be held in May next, and that the committee might rely on his loyalty to his old calling. The annual dinner was appointed to be held on Saturday, the 20th of May. j A convict, La,uiod Thomas Arnold, was engaged last week in removing some tracks on the works at St. Mary's Island, Chatham, when by some means the irons gave way, and not being able to get clear in time he was caught between two trucks, and received injuries which resulted in death. An inquest was held upon the body before T. Hills, Esq., coroner, the jury returning a verdict of Accidental Death." Three Roman urns have just been dug up at Newport, in the Isle of Wight. They are each about afoot and a half in height and one foot in breadth. Their posi. tion, as they were found, formed a triangle, and the material of which they are compos r d is a black coarse ware. Mr. Hanbury, M.P. for Middlesex, who has been making a tour in Egypt during the winter, will return to England in a few days to resume his Parliamentary duties. There is no truth in the rumour that Mr. Hanbury has ever contemplated retiring from the representation of the metropolitan county. At a special meeting of the committee of the Royal Lifeboat Institution, at their offices, Adelphi. Captain Sir E. Perrott, Bart., M.P., in the chair, a grant of 240 was made in aid of the subscription now being raised for the widow and three young children of the poor man who perished by the capsising of the Holyhead lifeboat, when the boat, manned by fifteen men, put off in a furious storm to the help of the schooner Henry Holmans, of Plymouth, and her crew of eight men. A French journal states that a letter which the Empress Eugenie wrote to Baron Haussman, declining to receive a necklace of pearls which the City of Paris wished to present to her Majesty on her marriage, has been stolen from the Hotel de Ville, where it had been placed in fancied security; but that, in compliance with the urgent request of the Prefect of the Seine, her Majesty has consented to write a second letter, similar to the first, a copy of which had been kept. During the past week 1.669 deaths were regis- tered in London. In the corresponding weeks of ten years, 1855-64, the average number of deaths is, with a correction for increase of population, 1,653, The deaths in the present return, therefore, slightly exceed the estimated number. The births of 1,035 boys and 967 girls, in all 2,002 children, were registered in London. In the ten corresponding weeks of the years 1855-64, the average number (corrected) was 2,013. The Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells has in- stituted the Rev. Sydney East, vicar of Northover, Somerset, to the rectory of Wheathill, in the same county; value, RIIO; population, 361. The perpetual curacy of St. John the Baptist, Glastonbury, is vacant by the death, at the great age of eighty-eight, of the Rev. Thomas Parfitt, D.D., who held the living fiftv-tliree years. It is in the patronage of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, and is of small value. It has been conferred on the Rev. C. S. Ross, its curate for six years. The Manchester Examiner reports that Fenianism flourishes in Liverpool. The leaders of the movement in Ireland and America have made Liverpool a "centre "of the brotherhood ill England, and it said the Fenians, whose design it is to "regenerate" Ireland and" humiliate" Eng- land, muster very strongly there. The following are the days fixed for holding the Lent Assizes in the Oxford Circuit:—Reading, Satur- day, February 25; Oxford, Wednesday, March 1; Wor- cester, Saturday, 4; Stafford, Thursday, 9; Salop, Monday, 20; Hsreford, Saturday, 25; Monmouth, Wednesday, 29; Gloucester, Saturday, April 1. So dense was the fog in London on Saturday that in several of the suburban districts the post-office letter carriers could not deliver the last batch of letters. They had in consequence to deliver them on Sunday morning. Such a thing has not occurred before in the recollection of the post-office officials. A lew days ago Maria Binder, a prostitute, attempted to convey John Fresborn, a deserter, from Norfolk to Baltimore, U.S., in a large trunk. When she arrived at the latter city, on opening the trunk the man was discovered to be dead. She confessed her participation, and was tried for the offence at Norfolk. The Court sentenced her to a fine of 500 dols. and two years' imprison- ment at hard labour. During the past week the visitors to the South Kensington Museum have been as follows:—On Monday. Tuesday, and Saturday (free days), open from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., 10,705; on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, students' days (admission to the public, 6d), open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., 1,847. Total, 12,552. From the opening of the museum, 5,075,688. A second accident from the breaking of the ice is reported from Gledhow, near Leeds. On Sunday after- noon, a considerable number of persons were sliding on the ice in the park there, when it gave way in one place, and a young lady who was riding on a sledge was drowned, as well as a Mr. Smith, of the eminent firm of woollen manufac- turers of Leeds. The Dean and Chapter of St. Patrick's Cathe- dral, Dublin, have fixed Friday, the 24th of February, St. Matthias's Day, for the re-opening of that cathedral, the elaborate restoration planned and carried out by the muni- ficence of Mr. Guinness being now nearly completed. A committee of gentlemen will act in conjunction with the Dean and Chapter upon this remarkable occasion. Admis- sion will be by tielkets. A railway collision occurred at the Bailey- street station of the North-Western Railway, on Monday morning, owing to the dense fog. Two trains for Liverpool, it appears, leave the Victoria station at the same time, and the last one ran into the first. Fortunately the engines were travelling at a slow rate, and a few bruiseg were all the in- juries inflicted. During the month of October there arrived in the colony of Victoria 2,665 persons, of whom 916 were from the United Kingdom, and the remaining 1,749 from other places. The number of departures from the colony was 1,304, of whom 127 were for the United Kingdom. The current rate of wages ranged from £30 per annum for single farm labourers to 960 for married labourers without children, and frdm £15 for nursemaids to £35 for cooks. A New York paper states that the people of the United States have constructed and sustained railway construction at the rate of one mile to every one thousand of population, and there is no reason to doubt that the com- munities organised over the great plains and mountains between the Missouri river and the Pacific will demand and support continental railways in the same proportion. They have curious pleasure parties in Troy, N.Y., says the Boston Courier. At a saloon near there, one of a sleigh load of young men shot a companion with a pistol, because he wouldn't get off the sofa. After the ball was extracted from the hip, the party all took a drink. The victim said, I told you that you'd hurt me if you fooled with that pistol." The other replied," I told you, you fool, you'd get hurt if you didn't wake up." Professor Buck, who, up to a few years ago, was a well-known caterer for the entertainment of the public, was buried on Saturday, at Harpuhey Cemetery. The burial service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Tiggins, chaplain to the Freemasons. Professor Buck was sixty- three years of age, and had been for a long time an invalid. He leaves a young family unprovided for, and a subscription has been opened for their relief. Mr. Edwards, of the Man- chester Mechanics' Institution, is the treasurer of the fund. A short time ago the Government sent down to Liverpool Dr. Buchanan, as a medical commissioner, to re- port upon the cause and spread of fever in Liverpool. A summary of his report has been rea £ before the Liverpool Select Vestry. The report is very minute and exhaustive. The conclusion arrived at by Dr. Buchanan is that drinking and overcrowding are the principal causes of the fever which has so long afflicted Liverpool. A physician, writing to a contemporary, gives the following advice upon visiting persons with contagious diseases :—Never enter a sick room in a state of perspira- tion, as the moment you become cool your pores absorb. Do not approach contagious diseases with an empty stomach, nor sit between the sick and the fire, because the heat attracts the thin vapour. +
Butler's Succesigor.Major-General Ord, the successor to Butler, is a native of Maryland, a Catholic, a graduate of West Point, where he was a classmate of General Halleck, and his residence is Carlisle, Penn- sylvania. Previous to the war he served in California, and was ultra pro-slavery in his views, believing the negro to be little above the brute creation, and going so far in his notions as to entertain the rather novel idea that the scratch from a negro's nail was poisonous to the white man. In person he is tall and spare, his head covered with a thick growth of iron-grey hair, and his wild, grey eye, taken in connection with some eccentricities of manner, conveys to many persons who approach him the impression that he may be slightly insane. Dummy with a Co.-ij uror. -A good story is told of the elder Matthews and the late Mr. Yates, who, when travelling together, once found tr.emselves at a provincial inn without any means of amusement for themselves, though no persons were more highly calcu- lated to amuse others. A game of whist would suit exactly, but where were they to obtain partners ? On consulting the landlord, he knew of one person, a good player, who was then actually in the house. A polite invitation being sent through the waiter, the stranger joined the two comedians; preliminaries were at once settled, and they sat down to play, the stranger taking dummy. There never was such bad luck on one side and good on the other. Dummy won every game; till at last the stranger, consulting his watch, said that he must cease playing, as he had an important engage- ment to attend. "Bat," exclaimed the others, you surely will give us our revenge-some chance of re- gaining our losses." "Certainly," replied Dummy, "I will, either at a later hour to-night, or to-morrow." "And pray," said Yates, "what pressing business can you have now at seven o'clock in the evening?" "Oh!" replied the stranger, with a shrewd twinkle in his eye. I am a professional like yourselves, gentlemen; I am G- the conjuror, and T am now going to perform." The stranger bowed himself out of the room; and though neither Matthews nor Yates could detect any malpraetices in his play, they unanimously agreed to waive any farther proceedings regarding winning their money back feom the conjuror.—Eottens History oj Playing Cards. k
DREADFUL RAILWAY COLLISION. Three Lives Lost. On Saturday afternoon, on the line from Kenyon Junction of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (London and North Western) to Bolton, a dreadful collision took place between a passenger train, con- sisting of three carriages, a first, second, and third ciass, and a heavy goods train, the result of which was the deaths of the driver and stoker of the goods train, Richard Rigby and Robert Royle, aad John Rams-1 dale, a coal fitter, who was riding on the engine with them, while Thomas Gordon and George Shepherd, the driver and stoker of the passenger train, were very badly injured. Several passengers were also injured, but it is hoped only slightly, and among them Mr. W Hulton, of Hulton, one of the county court judges for Lancashire. It appears that about two o'clock of an afternoon a goods train from Bolton to Kenyon Junction is in the habit of shunting at Daub-hill, the entrance to a out- ting between that station and Chequerbent, to let two passenger trains pass, the line in the cutting having only a single line of rails. One of the passenger trains is from Kenyon Junction to Bolton, the other from Tyldesley to Bolton. And on Saturday afternoon, as usual, the luggage train stopped at Daub-hill until the Kenyon Junction rain (which meets passengers at Kenyoa for Liverpool) had passed, and then by some unaccountable means, the goods train was permitted to leave Daub-hill, enter the cutting, and proceed along the single line of rails towards Kenyon. It had not got more than about half way along this cutting when the passenger train from Tyldesley was seen to be rapidly meeting' it, and seen too late to prevent a collision. In a'second or two after the engines met- the drivers and stokers of both standing bravely by their work notwithstanding that it was in the face of death. What the crash and shock of the collision must have been we cannot describe, but they may be imagined when they were such as to turn the tenders on the top of their respective engines, bnlying the three first-named men in the mins. Poor Rigby had his head nearly severed from his body, and was otherwise so mutilated that it was with difficulty his remains were recognised. All the unfortunate men who were killed resided at Chequerbent, and their bodies have been taken there. Mr. Hulton was removed home in a cab, but it is hoped his injuries are not serious. None of the passengers were cut, though they were shaken and bruised, but the guard of the passenger train was hurt by the smashing of his van. The pointsman at Daub- hill has been suspended from duty pending the inquiry which is to be held before Mr. Rutter, the coroner for the Salford Hundred. The engines were smashed, as were several waggons, two carriages, and a van, and the line was also injured, but traffic was resumed about midnight. The line is part of the London and North- Western system.
ENCOUNTER WITH TIGERS. A correspondent of the Times of India, dating from Secunderabad, says This station has been thrown into a state of excitement by the following melancholy event which took place yesterday. It appears a Mr. Gilbert, a resident at Secunderabad, left home yester- day morning for the purpose of seeing the races at Moul AIJ. On arriving at the race course he allowed his horse to graze in an adjacent field. After the races were over he discovered that his horse had strayed from where he left it, and im- mediately went in search; while doing so he wandered into a jungle near the Moul Ali rock, when to his ut most surprise he was suddenly seized by a tiger, who caught him by the side, and inflicted a deep wound with his teeth. The occurrence was witnessed by several men, who rushed immediately to his assist- ance and thereby saved his life, but not in time to prevent him from sustaining serious injury. He was conveyed at once to the garrison hospital, where he still lies in a very precarious state. Faint hopes are entertained of his recovery. Several officers have gone out in search of the animal, and, doubtless, they will succeed in its capture or destruction. Last year a native was carried away and torn in pieces by one of these monsters, which, I believe, has not yet been cap- tured. During the years 1861-2, no less than three cheetahs were shot near the same place, and subse- quently a trap was set, but no more were captured." A Dreadful Tussle for Life. The Madras Times contains the following fearful account of a tussel with a tiger: One day last week a royal tiger having made its appearance close to the village of Puggydial, in the Kurnool district, while Colonel Cotton was inspecting the distribution channels in the Nagalore division, which is under the charge of Mr. William Cotton, executive engineer, the colonel, accompanied by Mr. Cotton and his two assistants, Mr. Johnston and Mr. Charles Cotton, having procured arms, advanced upon the beast. Mr. W. Cotton fired one shot, which took effect-when the tiger ran off. The natives, who had assembled in force, dispersed in pursuit; but Mr. Cotton's party, now left alone, soon after saw some people running through a cholamfield in alarm, some of whom climbed up a stack of newly-cut corn, where they were assailed by the tiger, and two of them pulled down. Mr. Cotton and his two companions immediately went to the rescue, and Mr. Cotton attempted to fire, but, his rifle unfortunately missing fire, the tiger sprang upon Mr. Johnston, who had also fired a shot, and, seizing him by the back, wounded him fearfully. Mr. Cot- ton then attacked the tiger with the butt end of his gun until it broke, and the tiger, leaving Mr. Johnston, seized Mr. Cotton by the arm, snapping it, and inflicting some grievous wounds. Mr. Charles Cotton (a youth recently arrived from England) then advanced with a revolver, and while the tiger held his brother by the arm, lodged five balls in the animal's head, which enabled the two sufferers to get away. The tiger crept into the stack of cholam, from which he was soon after brought out dead. Mr. William Cotton was carried into Kurnool, a distance of about twenty-five miles, where he was attended by Dr. Kees, who found both bones broken a little below the elbow, and several deep wounds inflicted by the tiger's teeth. Until these are in a better state the arm cannot be fully set, but by the last accounts (27th ultimo) the patient was doing well. Mr. Johnston, whose wounds it is feared are of a more dangerous character, was unable to be moved, and Dr. Kees went out to attend him. Of the two natives, one had been brought into Kurnool in a better state than was anticipated—the other was on his way. The first two balls from the revolver penetrated the skull. Mr. Charles Cotton then fired the remaining three into the tiger's mouth, which induced him to loose his hold, and made him reel back. To the cool decision displayed by these three young men (unpractised in the Shikarie's art), under trying circumstances, may be attributed their escaping with their lives, as well as the rescue of the two natives." ♦
A physician once advised Sidney Smith to "take a walk upon an empty stomach." Who's stomach ? asked the wit. President Lincoln and the Canadians.— I The Toronto Globe thus comments upon the with- drawal, by President Lincoln, of General Dix's order: President Lincoln has intimated that he disapproves I of General Dix's order to pursue escaping raiders into Canadian territory, and it has been withdrawn. It could not have been alleged that the order absolved our Government from any duty in connection with the raids, but its withdrawal removes every appearance of compulsion. The American Government patiently await the action of our authorities, confident that justice will be done. There may be some among us who will attribute the action of President Lincoln to interested motives. But 'the mass of our people will receive it as an indication of kindly feeling towards Canada from an honest and sensible man, and the hands of our Government will be strengthened in any efforts they may make to put don n the raiders and their abettors," A Poor Girl Impaled. — A young girl, the daughter of keeper Lucas, of Blacknest, was engaged in picking acorns from an oak when her foot slipped and she fell, but striking a dead branch, which had been pointed by age, in her fall, the point of the branch entered the body above tho hip bone, passed quite through her, and came out above the opposite hip bone. Hanging head downwards some half- minute, the weight tore away the lower portion of the body, making a frightful gash thirteen inches long, and she fell to the ground. The poor girl was con- veyed home, when Dr. Sandford found, upon examina- tion, that the intestines, although protruding', were uninjured, and by his unremitting attention and skill the patient is now osst of danger and able to walk about, with but little contraction of the abdomen as the i eiqlt of the accident. )
AGRICULTURE. Tetanus and the Turkish Bath. A correspondent says: -I was interested in the subject of the treatment of tetanus by the Turkish bath, as published some short time since in the Field. It happened, soon after, that one of my carriage horses fell heavily, breaking his knees badly, and on the healing of the wounds he was suddenly seized with tetanus, when it was suggested by Mr. Oldin, veter- inary surgeon, to try the bath; and I am happy to say that, after three weeks' treatment by the bath alone, he has quite recovered, and arrived at my stables yesterday quite cured. I think this treatment is a most valuable discovery; and should any of your correspondents wish for further particulars of this re- markable cure, Mr. Oldin, veterinary surgeon Win- throp-street, Cork, will be happy to give everv infor- mation. J Manufacturing- Artificial Manure. Some few weeks ago Dr. Letheby inspected an apparatus at Mr. Bradburn's works, at Wednesfield, near Wolverhampton, that effectually condensed the vapour arising from sulphuric acid necessary in the manufacture of coprolyte. The inhabitants in the locality, however, complained that although one nuisance was got rid of another remained, through the exposure of vast heaps of animal matter and other ingredients, inside the works, in a process of decom- position. These heaps, of which there are at the present moment several hundred tons, consist of the entrails of animals, blood, and other garbage, which, after being mixed with several layers of refuse from the dressings of cloth, termed shoddy," were then sa- turated with a certain proportion of sulphuric acid, and then left to the gradual process of natural decay. I*' £ owev<*> *<> effectually carry out the promise which he has made to remove all cause of nuisance, and also to adopt every means in his power to prevent the manufactures at these works creating any nuisance whatever, Mr. Bradburn has decided that instead of the slow process above referred to, all'offal and gar- bage of every description brought into his works for the purpose of making manure shall be decomposed and mixed by the same speedy and innocuous process as that which is adopted in the manufacture of super- phosphate, viz., by passing the ingredients through an air-tight vat, and subjecting them to the immediate action of sulphuric acid. This was the second process shown to Dr. Hill, a few days ago. After the first charge of superphosphate had been drawn out, the vat or cylinder (in which a rabble worked by steam is constantly revolving) was then charged afresh with three large casks of animal entrails, together with a due proportion of "shoddy," and upon the whole a sufficient quantity of vitriol to decompose it. The opening at the top of the vat was then made air tight, the only escape for the hot vapours given off by the mass of stuff inside, being through the condensing pipes invented by Dr. Mannix into the canal outside, where it came bubbling up to the surface of the water in numerous minute globules. In about an hour afterwards the lower door outside the vat was thrown open, and the various animal ingredients which had been put in through the opening at the top, now thoroughly de- composed and mixed, flowed out in a thick black sub- stance, of about the consistency of mortar. The only emanation arising from it was a slight watery vapour, almost without smell of any kind, again testifying to the effectiveness of Dr. Mannix's patent in preventing the escape of all noxious gases. Pieuro-Pneumonia. The eminent veterinary surgeon, Mr. Luptom under the wm deplume of "Veterinarian," thus writes to the H-ield,: litis commonly-known lung disease is a malady (as its name suggests) involving in inflammation and its results the lung tissue and the membranes investing them. Buu_ although such is the case, yet the disease m question is a specific per se, common to the bovine tribe, and diners, if we may so express it, from common pneumonia, or merely inflammation of the lungs, by its assummgchronic or typhoid characters and its tendency to exudation from and ultimate consolidation of the lung tissue. This affection for centuries has raged in Europe, but never made its appearance in Great Britain until 1841, where it has prevailed less or more ever since. That it is of a highly contagious nature no one can deny, if he considers first, that it never was known in this country until after foreign stock were imported secondly, its being most satisfactorily and clearly traced to cattle imported from the Continent; thirdly its prevalence amongst stock imported from open markets, where cattle, both foreign and British, healthy and diseased, congregate; and fourthly, its comparative absence from those localities which are isolateq, and upon which stock are bred and sold, but rarely, if ever, bought in. These reasons, if circum- stantial evidence avails, prove that pleuro-pneumonia spreads through the medium of contagion: and such being the case, it can be concluded that a remedy is within our grasp for its suppression and eradication: more of this hereafter. SYMPTOMS.—The disease progresses rapidly, and generally makes very injurious ravages long before the herdsman notices anything amiss. If a mileh cow, his attention is first drawn the fact that the secretion of milk is diminished, and the udder is flaccid and tender. These indications of disease are sufficient to cause him to investigate matters still further, when he discovers that the function of rumi- nation is suspended or irregular, the extremities are alternately hot and cold, the breathing is laboured, and that the pulse beats rapidly. A veterinarian is called in, who immediately diagnosis in his patient the disease under notice, and on examination he dis- covers the right lung-rarely the left-to be involved in disease, which, on placing his ear against the sides of the chest, is confirmed by his hearing a crackling sound emitted from the lungs during respiration, which beoomes suppressed as the malady progresses, and ultimately, when the lung consolidates, is almost inaudible. At this period the breathing is laboured, the animal constantly grunts and coughs, the mouth is dry, but sometimes a copious discharge is emitted from it (the latter usually being the case in the London dairy-sheds); the body wastes, constipation, and sometimes diarrhoea, sets in, and death terminates the scene. "TREATMENT.—Separation from the healthy stock must be immediately obtained by placing the patient in a well-ventilated and perfectly drained loose box or clean shed, either having previously been well- littered down with clean straw, over which chloride of lime should be carefully sprinkled. Having by this means necessitated a cleanly lodging and an atmosphere productive of health, treatment can be commenced under somewhat favourable circum- stances. During the early stage of this malady it is good practice to administer a mild saline purgative, combined with nitre and carbonate of ammonia, in ? ifv ci?anse system, and, if possible, set up healthy action. The murmur heard in lungs indicates to the practised ear to how great an extent the lung tissue and bronchial tubes are affected; it is advisable, therefore, to olip the hair closely off the sides of the cheat, and apply a blistering ointment composed of the blistering fly (canthaiides), turpentine, and lard. This application must be repeated (of course under veterinary advice), both in mild and severe cases; and after the effects of the purgatives have passed off, administer, twice daily, drachm doses of the valerianate of iron. Professor Lessona, of Turin, advises the exhibition of drachm doses daily of the diaulphate of quinine, in a quart decoction of anchona: the decoction is made with three ounces of bark to the quart of water. Mr. Finlay Dunn recommends from twenty-five to thirty drops of tincture of aconite three or four times daily; but all the various treatments advised both by British and foreign veterinarians differ merely in the selection of drugs, but Not in the principle of treatment, which consists in the administration of stimulants and tonics, such as carbonate of ammonia, liquid ammonise acetatis, suJphnric, nitric, and hydrochloric acids, sulphate and iodide of iron. Many other compounds could be named differing very little one from the other in the effect produced upon the system. It therefore follows that these medi- cinal agents should be placed under the control of qualified veterinarians (and not in the hands of igno. rant farriers, &c., who constantly interfere with the efforts of nature in attempting to throw off disease, by administering worthless specifics, &c.); and then, and not until then, will the stockowner and agricultu- rist consult their interests best by employing, not the farrier with his specific, but the veterinary physician. Another very important curative adjunct, and one which has been extolled by eminent writers, is the careful use of the Turkish bath, which produces a very beneficial effect upon the grand emunctuary, the skin, by causing profuse perspiration, through the medium of which much of the poison existing in the blood is carried off. During the progress of the disease, alternately 'ooastipation and diarrhoea have to be guarded against; for by attempting to remedy one evil, the other is produced, therefore great care eX<Eeise<i avoiding this Scyila and Charybdis. Never give hard or drv food to pS monic oattle, but moist mashes and all provender easy Dowe?6nflsA^K *}at °P1Jr a little> because the power of secretion and assimilation is very feeble- and if your patient eats too freely, dangeroas indBeil tion is nearly certain to supervene."
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. ?0?," G!°r £ ianaLouisaMoctgomerie of Garboldisham-hall, Norfolk was +1' London Court under £ 70,000 personal^ thfe executors SerGm a £ being her brother, the xiigjit Hon. Thomas Henry Lord Folev P C -mri Hon. Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, M.P. 9 To her sister- in-law, Lydia Montgomerie, the testatrix has left an annuity, and also liberal legacies and annuities to her servants. Her real estate she ha, devised to her son Cecil Thomas Molyneux Montgomwie, Esc., and hat aPTh« wfll ^sld"alT legatee of the personalty. The will of the Yen. Charles Parr Bnrnev, 'D.D, archdeacon of Colchester and rector ol Wiekham Bishops, Essex, was proved in the London Court under ^120,000 personalty; the executors and trustees appointed being his sons, the Rev. Charles Barney, i™nv.0Tk CaD™ forester and vicar of Halstead, ThorSf E £ Vard Barney, M.A., vicar of Lieut t?gTether ^-h Jthe testator's sons-in-law, M,C° onel James Wood and Henry Wood ESQ To hfs w?FgefYells--The wiUiS of ™»siLable lenS ,1118 flte there is secured an annuity o" J21 500 and an immediate legacy of £ 1,500; and to her h4 leaves his carriages and the furniture, the use of plate, &c., together with other interests under the will. To h!S two sons he leaves his freehold estates equally between as also his library, books, pictures; anS articles of virtu; and to each a legacy of £10,000 and a share in the residue To each of his daughters he leaves a legacy of £5,000 and a share in the residue. The residue, however, is to accumulate for a period of twenty-one years, or until the death of his widow. The grandchildren will also participate largely in the ultimate residue. The will of the late Everson Harrison, Esci of TOIB- thorpe Hall, Rutland, was proved in the'London Court, on the 3rd inat., by his relict, the sole acting executrix. The personalty was sworn under J £ 30,000. His other estates and funded property he leaves to his wife for life, and upon her decease to be divided equally amongst their younger children: the furni- ture, plate, carriages, &c., to his wife absolutely; le- gacies to his sister, brother, and other relatives; and legacies and annuities to servants. To the British and Foreign Bible Society and the Society for the Pro- pagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, ea-h £ 100. The late Miss Frances Cecilia Burton Forster, of Hyde Park-square, has bequeathed to the Charing- cross Hospital £ 1,000, and = £ 500 to the Sailors' Home, Great Yarmouth. 5 l^eJa^e I^iss Mary Ann Ellis, of Balham, Surrey, has left to the Balham Schools £ 100; and to the Blind teciiool, St. George's; Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Old- ent-road; Royal Free Hospital, National Benevolent Institution and the Asylum for Idiots, each a like legacy of £ 100.—Illustrated News.
WEATHEYIN THE PARKS. In consequence of the severe frost which prevailed from Saturday till Monday, the public parks in the metropolis were on the latter day visited by thousands of people, a large number of whom ventured on the ice. In St. James's-park it was ascertained thai there were as many as 2,000 persons on the ice, but as it was very thin in some places fifty were immersed be- fore mid. day. Of these some were a good deal injured, and required more than the ordinary amount of sur- gical attendance upen being rescued. During the afternoon ten children had a very narrow escape from being drowned, owing to the reprehensible conduct. of idle spectators. The children having foolishly strolled upon the ice, the persons referred to threw a lot of halfpence and oranges amongst them for a a scramble. Superintendent Parry cautioned the spectators against the danger to the youngsters; but this risk only acted as a stronger inducement, and they continued- to throw the pence. In a short time ten of the children fell in, and most of them having slipped under the ice, there was the greatest possible diffi- culty in getting them out. Some of the society's men incurred much danger in doing so, as the ice kept breaking, and they were themselves immersed. The children, who were much exhausted, were conveyed to the hospital marquee, and there put to bed. There were 3,000 skaters on the Round Pound atSensington Gardens, and several bad accidents were also reported. As the ice was only one and a half inches thick, printed notices were posted, stating that the river was unsafe. to skaters. The Long Water, Kensington, Segent's- park, and Battersea-park were also visited by thou- sands of people, and accidents more or less serious happened in each. Fortunately, no lives were lost in either of the parks. On Monday and Tuesday nights the weather underwent a change, and there was a slight fall of snow and rain.
EXTRACTS FROM "PUKCH" & c, FUN," (Advertisement.) NO MORE TAXES NOR ANY OTHER MEDICINE. T)E- JOHN BRIGHT, Fellow of Birmingham Uni- uv feels that it would be injustice to the public, and false delicacy in himself, if he did not, by all means in his power, invite the attention of the public to his patent FRANCHISE PILL. This inestimable medicament, which has been dis- covered by Dr. Bright after twenty years of researches in America, is unhesitatingly announced by him as a Certain Cure for all Disorders, physical, meEtal moral, social, and political. It is perfectly safe, and the most childish person may use it without difficulty, and it is warranted to abolish (among thousands of other ailments) the following afflictions:- Taxes, L Corns, Law-suits, Inundations, Disaffection, Poverty, Poaching, Tooth-ache, Whiggism, Dyspepsia, Parochial Rates. Gunpowder Explosions, Strikes, Gumboils, Gallowses, Turnpikes, Street Organs, Smoky Chimneys, Armies, Navies, Circumlocutibn War, Pimples, Puseyiam, Christmas-boxes, Class Legislation, Small Pox, Fees to Box.keOP. The Irish Church, Drinking, Diplomacy^. Davenport Brothers, Agricultural Distress, One Legged Dancers, Two Legged Donkeys, Three Legged Stools, Sensation Novels, Protestant Ascendency Orange Peel on Pave- ments. Bishops, Bunions, Bad Eggs, Primogeniture, Gout, x Earthquakes, Agnails, n Blank Verse f jay s, Heresy, Hare-liP'-J Horace, Upmarket Scandals,. Ministerial Explana, k tions, Mumps, Dwarfs, Crossing Sweepers,. Tories, Classic Quotations, East Winds, Black-balling, Snow-balling, Fancy-balling, Stomach-ache, Witb. numerous other misfortunes. Testimonials. m»y °e 8Jeen at the office of the New York Herald, the jiffrrn'^nqaam BeUower, the Finsbury Firebrand, the- Rocriaale Roarer, the Marylebone Maundcrer, and other leading journals. Neatly done up in Ballot- .coxes, and shortly, it is hoped, to be sold under the bovernment Stamp. —Price, a whole Hog. OLD SAYING- (BY OUR OWN DETECTIVE).—Profes- sional thieves are notoriously dense; hence the pro- verbial expression, Thick as thieves." CLASSICAL EPITAPH ON A CooK.-Vir pie et taties. gravies. OMNIBUS CONDUCTOR (of L. G. O. C., to old lady- who is pausing to choose between two evils, in the shape of an opposition 'bus and one of the Com- pany's ")—Take my advice, and come along with me, marm. T'other 'bus aint safe; them passengers sit- tin' in it aint flesh and blood; they're only dummies out of Madum Toosawds* Chamber of Orrors! (Old lady faints in conductor's arms.) < BANDS OF ElopE.-Wedding Rings. To THE MUSICAL WORLD.-On what instrument is a sheriffa's officer famous for his execution ?—On a fife-eh (fi-fa)?