AN UNRULY APPRENTICE SENT TO PRISON. Charles Atiiay, a lad about 16 years of age, appren- ticed to Mr. Augustin Daws, of 16, Church row,. Old St. Pancras-road, was charged at the Clerkenwell Police-court, before 'Mr. Barker, with having: unlaw- fully refused to obey the lawful commands of his master, and stopping away from his work. Mr. Ricketts attended on behalf of the complainant,, and in opening the case said the matter had been fully heard by Mr. Knox the week before, and he then told the defendant that he would be sent to prison if he. did not return to his work. The father of defendant, said his son should not return, and Mr. Knox then kindly said that be would give all the parties time to consider, and would adjourn the case for a. week; but if the defendant did not return in the meantime he should most assuredly send him to gwlv He (Mr., Ricketts) was sorry to say that the boy was very obstinate, and had not returned to his work, therefore- he had no other alternative but to ask the magistrate to send the defendant to the House of Correction as an idle and disorderly apprentice. Mr. Barber asked if the defendant had before been guilty of misconduct, P Mr. Ricketts said that the apprentice had before lost time, and had frequently stopped out of a night. His complaint agains^ the master was, that he gave him bard p&ddinsf with Lis dinner, but he was in- structed to say that the defendant was treated as one of the famiJfr. Witnesses having been called who proved the above statement of facts, Mr. Ricketts said it was only fair to tell the magis- trate that last week the defendant's father contended that the indenture was bad, ag, although he was a party to the 3ovenant, he had not signed. That, he need not remind the court, did not make the inden- ture bad as against the defendant, and that all it did was to preclude the master fromsueing the father for the performance of the covenant. The defendant treated the matter with the greatest indifference, and said he wished to say nothing. Mr. Barker said the defendant must be taught that he could not do as he pleased with his master, and then sentenced him to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in the House of Correction for fourteen days. It would also be as well for him to know that he was liable to be sent to prison for three calendar months, and to be whipped if he did not obey the lawful command of his employer. t The father of the defendant kissed him several times, and said it was a great shame that his son should be sent to prison. Mr. Ricketts said that he hoped the father would tell his son to go back to his work when he came out of prison, or he would render himself liable to the severe penalty mentioned by the magistrate.
INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITIONS AND THE ? PATENT LAWS. On Tuesday afternoon a deputation from the various executive committees of industrial exhibitions waited upon the Right Hon. Mr. Milner Gibson, M.P., the President of the Board of Trade, at Whitehall, for the purpose of explaining the injurious effects of the ex- isting patent laws upon those exhibit; ons. Mr. Lewis, M.P., having introduced the deputation, Mr. R. Morrell (West London) said the object of the, depu- tation was to ask the right hon. gentleman, on behalf of the Government, to protect the inventions of the- working classesdn these industrial exhibitions, in the' same manner as the manufacturers were protected in the national exhibitions of 1851 and 1862, by the passing of a short and temporary Act of Parliament with that object. Many important inventions cf. the, working man were now kept back from these exhi- bitions because the, committee, were powerless to give them any protection against piracy. Both the Right, Hon. W. Cowper sni, Sir Roundell Palmer, the Attor. ney General, who took adep interest in these exhi- bitions, wore in favour of some such an act. He did not think the Government would meet with the slightest opposition in passing such a measure, si; that, suggested, and hoped they would act impartially. Mr. Christie, secretary to a committee for an indus- trial exhibition about to be held in Birmingham; Mr. H. M. Murphy, secretary of the South London; Mr. Ratley, one of the committee of the recent North London Industrial Exhibition; and other members of the deputation having expressed views to a similar effect, Mr. Milner Gibson said he understood the object of the deputation was to secure protection for new inventions placed in industrial exhibitions without, the expense of obtaining a patent. He sympa- thised with that object; but the question was, how were they to define those exhibitions ? The exhibitions of 1851 and 1862 were particular and defined' exhibitions, under the sanction of crown com- missioners, and the acts allkded to by the deputation were defined to apply to these ticular, exhibitions. In the present case there must be a general definition. The question of obtaining patent rights was a different branch of the subject; On that point a royal commis- sióm- had been sitting, whose report, he'believed, was now ready. The subject now brought before bim; was one well worthy of the serious consideration of the Government, and he had no doubt it would receive every If the Attorney-General would assist in the object it would do maoh to smooth away any difficulty existing. He would give his best considera- tion to the matter, and hoped a remedy would be applied to remove the evil complained of. The depu- tatien thanked the right han. gentleman for his, courtesy and; attention.
CHARGE OF CRUELTY TO A HORBE. At the County Petty Sessions: hold at the. Assize: Court, Kingston-upon-Thames, Mr. Frederick Taunton, a gas-metior- examiner, in an extensive way of business, and inspector for the corporation of tie town of Kingston, appeared before the-bench to answer the complaint of'the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, which charged him with having: caused a horse to be cruelly ill-treated, abused, andi tortured. Mr. W. Love, from the office of the society, who attended to- conduct the prosecution, made the follow- ing statement t.—The defendant; for the purpose of his business, kept some two or three horses and carts, and" the condition of the horses was so bad aa to become the subject of much comment. among the-inhabitants of the town. At length two of the horses were stopped in the stroots, and the result was that the defendant was mulcted in tha heaviest pecuniary penalty by. the borough magistrates, for sending such hsrses out to work. Subsequently it appeared that the defendant; hired a fieldj in which there was little or no grass, for 5 Is. 6ft perweek, into which he turned three of his horses, was stat to be. as. hor- rible asitis possibleto imagin:e-being the-horsein ques- tion. It-appeared that the same horse fell into a ditch in, the field, and by reason of weakness and exhaustion from previous neglect and starvation, it was unable to extricate itself. At length, the attention of certain individuals was called to it, and it was. got out of, the. ditch, but could not stand. The ground at the time was covered" with snow several inches deep, and it: was excessively cold. The defendant was informed of the state of the- horse at the time, but he refused to attend to-it, and thus the wretched animal lay upon the ground, without food, water, or covering, plunging in agony throughout the whole ofi the night. The? defendant was informed -if it again the following day, but he w-o-aliel not go, nor send to it, and the horse v a- suffered: to remain the same state throughout the, 'whole of that: day (Siaiday), the defendant's wIfe. having told the police tat Sllnday. was not a day to look after horses. On Sunday, at eight o'clock at night, the horse was seen gasping and groaning loudly, lying in the same spot, when it gradually got weaker;. asd at leagth death put an end to its sufferings. Thsde- fendant sent the horse-slaughterer for it on the follow- iag day, and received* 5s. for- its carcase. The body of the animal1 was covered with wounds, and its bones were nearly protruding. Witnesses having been called who deposed to; the above; Mr.. Love attention of the magistrate to the Act of Parliament under which the information was laid, pointing out that clswase which empowers the magistrates to commit offenders forthwith, without giving them the option of paying a pecuniary penalty. He dwelt upon the fact. that the defendant was not a i poor man, but a man of position and education, of | whom it might have been expected that he would have some little feeling of eompassion and regard for the life of his wretched horse, and to whom he re- spectfully submitted any fine under the Act could hardly be considered commensurate with the enormity of his offence. The defendantentereifinto a long statement in de. fence, the gist of whieh was that he was not made aware of the real condition of the horse till it was too late, and that he had been the victim: of dishonest carters, who bad' L-old tl- horses' food and ill-treated them into the bargain, which accounted for their bad appearance. After the magistrates had consulted together, the chairman said that the defendant had been guilty of a most inhuman act of cruelty-an act which it was impossible to condemn too strongly. He was warned that the horse was dying, yet, as though bereft of all feelings of humanity, he left it to its fate. It was a most serious charge. The magistrates felt much in- clined to commit him to prison; They had decided, however, upon giving him another chance. He must pay the full penalty of £ 5, together with £ 115s. costs, or go to prison for two calendar months; and the society had fulfilled a very proper-duty in bringing the defendant before the public. The defendant paid the "fine and costs, remarking that he would now be driven from the town, and must give up horsekeeping- altogether. The court was crowded by the inhabitants of th town, who appeared much interested in the case.
A celebrated ^FreBcbwoman has well said that the greatest blessing a woman oan receive on earth is the continuance of the affection of her husband aftet marriage. i
:=-;i\o"> -Y_ J"" MORE OF THE BROMPTON ORATORY OASE. At the Westminster Police-court, on Saturday, Mr. Collett, solicitor, applied to the magistrate respecting ^he extraordinary case of Mrs. M'Dermott and her aughier Eliza, whioh has caused so much sensation Cl late. Mr. Collett said that in the early state of the pro- ceedingl1, as reported in the newspapers, his worship (Mr. Sélfe) had. stated that he had received a letter from Father Bowden, impugning Mrs. M'Dermott's character. As proceedings were about to be taken on her behalf and a thorough searching investigation gone into to show that she had been the victim of a con. spiracy, he wished for a copy of the letters. ^r-Sslfe said he had HO objection to give him all the letters, or let anybody else have them. Mr. Collett pointed out that in defence of Mrs. M Bermott the whole matter would be brought before a proper tribunal, and it was important to become acquainted with everything connected with it. Mr. Selfe declared that he had neither wish nor in. clination to prevent the whole world knowing all about Mrs. M'Dermott and her daughter. In the course of conversation with the girl and inquiry, a circumstance came to light which it was thought. by him as well to conceal from Mrs, M'Dermott, whose feelings he had been anxious to spare on so delicate a subject. If it must be known, the girl had gone astray. She had, been seduced, although it seemed: her mother was not aware of it. Mr. Collett observed that h% was prepared for such a communication. When the magistrate had dismissed the mother he had told her that at some future time he would tell her where her daughter was. The mother was anxious to know when that time was to be. Mr. fselfe stated that that would be at once dis- covered by the letters which he should have at onoe put into his possession. He had thought it better that the girl should remain in the institution, and he thought so still. There was no constraint. She was free to leave at any moment she liked, and come home if she pleased. •• Mr. CoHett: Will you be hinit enough to give me the letters now ? because we are about to take other proceedings, and it will be necessary for us thoroughly to investigate this case, and have the letters. Mr. Selfe: You can have them now, and I will send for them. The Ltters having been handed to Mrr Selfe, Mr. Collett remarked: As Mr. Dalgairns had now made a public statement we intend to go further, and make afar different statement before a proper tribunal. Mr. Selfe having inquired the date on which the case referred to by Fatner Dalgairns, and in which he stated that Mrs, M'Dermott was sentenced to, seven days' hard labour, o ceurred, addressing-Mr. Collett said: r have now the minute- book of the proceedings at this, court before the late Mr. Paynter, in Mi-. Higgins', the clerk's, hand writing, and suppojiing, that, Mrs. M'Dermott is the person who is there represented as Elizabeth M'Dermott, it is true that she was sen- tenced to seven days for neglecting to support her children. Mr. Collett: I shall be prepared to prove that that charge will not only be shown to have been false,.but ] it will be proved that the circumstances were got up against Mrs. M'Dermott, and that it. was part of a disgraceful conspiracy emanating from the Brompton Oratorv. I can assure your worship, if my instructions are true, that there have been for seven years a series P™utions going on against Mrs> M'Dermott: that these persecutiens have all along emanated from the Oratory. When they are fully exposed they will come forcibly before the public. Mr. Selfe: I dare say they will. Tou can have, the letters, and I hope to bear no more of the matter. .I>-
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. The will of Vice-Admiral Henry Francis Greville, C-.B.l of Chesham-place, Belgrave-square, was proved in London by the executors and trustees, Edward H. Palmer,, Esq., the son-in-law, and Captain., Henry Lambert Fulke Grevilie, the son. The personalty was sworn under £ 14,000. He has left his property to his two unmarried daughters for their lives, whieh, upon their decease, will revert to his said son, Captain H. L. F. Greville, R.A., but charged with a legme of £ 1,000 '0 for his grandson an godson, Henry Loftna, son. of Lord Augustus Loftusi The will of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Andrew Girardot (Coldstream-Guards, retired), lately residing at Wellesley-terrace, Dover, was proved in the London Court by the executors and trustees, the Rev. William L. Girardot, M.A., of Hinson Charterhouse* Somerset (the testators's brother), and George Newcome, Esq., of Aldershott Manor, Hants. The, personalty was sworn under After leaving legacies to his executors, and making a provision for him,, wife, in which there was an annuity of .240 a year,. lie has bequeathed tha residue of his property equally amongst his; three daughters. The will of Joshua-Bates, Esq., formerly of Boston in the United States, .afterwards of Bishopsgate-street' of Portland-place, and of Arlington-street, was proved in London on the 16th ult., the exeeutors nominated being T. Baring, C. Baring Youngs and J. Baring, Esqs. The personalty in this country was sworn under £ 600,000. The testator died in September last, at New Lodge, Windsor, having executed his will in August, 1863. The principal legatee is his daughter Elizabeth, wife of his Excellency Sylvain Van de Weyer, Ambassador at London for-the kingdom of t ti"»IfnrLn^0 her he has left an immediate legacy or AlUjOOO, and all his pictures, books, articles of vertu, and his residences, East Sheen and Arlington- street, and a life interest in the whole of the residue of his property, real and personal, and, after her decease, to her husband and her children. There ia a legacy to Dr. Booth, of Gower-street, and to several of the testator's friends in America. To the, testator's ? sister, Mts. Cowing, <85,000; and a like logsoy to the children of the late Samuel Sturgis.. The late Jacob, Stiebel, Esq., of Pembridge-terraoe, Bays water, has- bequeathed to University College- go- Hospital i^OOO, and to the Jews' Free School, Bell- lane, Spitalfields, = £ 2,000. His personal estate was I' estimated at The late Mis# Frances Main waring,, of Highfield, Derby, has left the following charitable bequests: To the Church Missionary Sbciety, < £ 500 British, and Foreign Bible Society,' <8200; Church Pastoral Aid Society, <0200-; Society to propagate Christianity amongst the Je ws, £ 100; and to the Old Age Sooiety, Leicester, <2X00.—Illustrated Maws.
The Tavern-keeper and Ba^fc-wallseK. There was;a fellow once stepped out o £ the door of a tavern on the Mississippi, meaning to. walk a mile up the shore to the next tavern. Just at the landing there lay a big raft-one of the regular old-fashioned whalers—a raft a mile long. Well, the fellow said the raft was a mile long, and be'said, unto himself, I will go forth- and see the great wonder, and let. mine eyes behold, the timber which the band of man hathhewn." So he got at the lower end, and began to ambulate over the wood in pretty fair time. But just as he- walked up the river it walked down, hath travelling at about the same rate. When he- got to the end of the sticks he found they were pretty near shore, and in sight of a tavern; so he landed and. walked straight into the bar-room he had come out of. The general sameness of things took him a littleaback, but he looked the landlord straighirin the face, and,settled it in his own way. "Publican," said he, "are, you gifted with any twin-brother who keeps a similar- sized tavern, with a duplicate wife, a comporting wood-pile, and corresponding circus-bills, a mile off from here?" The tavern-keeper was fond of fun, and accordingly said it was just so. And publican, have you, among, your dry goods, for the entertainment of man and beast, any whisky of the same size as that of your brother's ? And the tavern-keeper said that from the rising of the sun to the going down of the same he had. They took drinks, when the etranger said, "Publican, that twin-brother of yours ia a mighty fine man-a very fine man indeed. But do you know that I'm afeared he suffers a good deal with the Chicago diphtheria." "Arid what is that ? asked the toddy-sticker. It is when the truth settles so firm in a man that it never comes out. Common doctors of the ca-titip-sort call it lying. When I left your brother's confectionery there was a raft at his door, which he swore on his life was a mile long. Well, publican, I walked that raft from bill to tail, from his door to a irn. Now, I know leg-time, an I'm jest as good for myself as tor a hoss, and better for that than any man you ever did see. I always t walk a wilb iir exactly, twenty minutes on a good road, an' I'll be busted with an over-loaded Injun gun if I've been more than ten minutes coming here, step- ping over the blamed logs at that.Americanroper.
.p_. T -D JOTTINGS OF A RAMBLER. -<0> [T was my intention, this week, to liava given your readers some description of the various panto- mimes and piaces of amusement in London; but in going my rounds, and finding houses so empty as to lead to the belief that pantomimes are not 2 pop-,ita,r, ,iid seeing withal only those things which have been repeated year after year, I de- termined not to be too minute in my description. The gorgeous scenery and pantomimic figures which please the eye for a moment, but leave no moral reflection afberwards, are liable, in my humble judgment, to do more harm than good to the rising generation. Hop o' my Thumb, and his Eleven Brothers; or. Harlequin and the Ogre of the Eleven Leagued Boots;" "The Lion and the Unicorn Fighting for the Grown;" Cinde- rella; or, the Great Fairy of the Little Glass Slipper;" "Cupid and Pscyche; or, as Beautiful as a Butterfly," are the titles of the principal pantomimes, and they convey sufficient meaning in themselves without my wasting time in going over the various plots; all I can say is that, except one-legged dancers doing the part of two- legged ones, there is really nothing new to be seen; and I account for empty houses by Ghe better taste of parents in taking their children to places where they can receive instruction om- bined with amusement, rather than to view scenes which would embarrass their young minds. I re- member, however, some very strange, bitter satires being published by one Heinrich Heine, a German, wherein he described thfl deeds, thoughts, and words of a splendid eld Pyre- nean bear, whom he named Alta Troll. At one time the bear bursts into a bitter invec- tive against the tyranny, greed, and selfishness of man, and of his assumed superiority over other animals. After repeating much of the burning satire supposed to be uttered by the bear, Heine stops and refuses to chronicle any more of the insolent and levelling arguments of the brute against the human race. "For," says he, "after all, I am a man myself; and I do not care to go on repealing words which, in the end, may become absolutely offensive." I nitst not, therefore, be bearish, but call to mind the time when, as a child, I enjoyed these things; and perhaps chil- dren of the present age world see freshness and beauty inthem now, whilst t) me they are stale and insipid". Having become a man, I suppose I have put away ehildish things. I must not entirely condemn those who are pleased with pantomimes, though to my miid they do not keep pace with the progress of the age. I should here mention that the most popular place of amuse- ment during the Christmas iolidays was the Polytechnic. Here we have infraction combined with amusement. The lecture are very good, and the various scenes in the adventures of Baron Munchausen's history are given by means of dis- solving:vi&W9 in a manner as lulicrous as can be well imagined. These and Pepper's ghost scenes appear to give infinite delight to children of all ages. I might here notice an association that is little known even in London, but whose meetings are looked forward tfc by the members and their friends with much pleasure. I mean the Vocal Association, which ii, practically; the most useful, if not conventionally the most distinguished of the many musical associations existing in the metro- polis. The ninth season of this association com- menced last week by m interesting soiree musicals at the Music-hall, Stoie-afcreet. The Vocal Asso- ciation was formed fen the advancement of the musical art in the Bjrict sense of that phrase; that is to say, it is mt a commercial speculation, its only object, being the mutual improvement of the members by conbination of talent, and by bringing5 out the a illitiea of the nervous and timid. Amongst tha)flioers of the society are the able Jmi: painstaking conductor,, Mr. Benedict, andtbe aceomplishedpiamst, Mr. F. Archer, who both give their service gratuitously. The meet- ing on Wednesday wat composed of many of the leading musicians ot the day, and two new qantivfa-a—Mr. Allen:flt Harvest Home" and Miss Gabriel's Dreamlanl"—were received with great applause. In speaking of aanaements, however, let me say that the great rope tick, that there was so much fuss about a little tins ago, has had its day. The nine days' wonder is ever. and amateurs flnd they can perform the trior almost as well as profes- sionals. The way,it a done is thu-a:-The rope should be of a firm snooth quality, about five or six yards long. Tata it by the left hand in the centre, holding it b&ween the left thumb and fore-finger perpetidicuhrly before you. Take hold with the,right hand of the upper end of the rope) about a foot above whyou are holding with the left hand; bring the tro thumbs together, placing the portion of rope in the right hand behind the portion already under the left thumb; this will make a loop about foui inches in diameter leaning on the left-hand side <f the first end of the rope-, which is, still hanging straight before you; then pass the second end arer the thumb and through the loop, and pull the md through; then pass the right hand about six iaches along the second end, and double it into a loop, and pass- the double por- tion held in the right hind under the portion cover- ing the left thumb, it the direction of the loop already formed in the left hand, letting the second end hang1 down in the centre by the side of the first end; pulltightthe twosideportionsof the loops, and. the knot is complete. You will then have two loops hrge enough to pass the hands through and the two long ends which will slip freely to. and fro when you hold the knot. When the lights are extinguished, the operator first of all makes the knot, he then passes one of the ends of the rope through each of the holes in the seat, or through the carved back of a chair. He then knots the two ends together, a few inches underneath. This is apparently to prevent the operator rising from the seat,, bat it. also enables him to get a straight, even putron both loops. He then seats himself, the cords- are tied tight round the ankles, then brought up to, tbe knees, securely fastened round them, and the ends fastened aaywhere, it does not matter where, so that they cannot be reached by the mouth. The operator then, thrusts his hands into the loops, extends his legs an inch or two, the knot is drawn tight, the lights, are called for, and he is foarid, not only apparently, but really tightly, bound. Extinguish the lights, and in the twinkling of an eye the legs are palaxed.. the loops are slackened, the hands withdrawn, and the operator ia free to waive guitars, to play tam- bourines, to take off his coat, to touch anybody he can reach, to strike objectionable committee-men sharply on the head, and in fact to do anything that the assumed spiritual agency or the new phy- sical foroeis auoposed to do for him. It is upon this cleverly-built foundation of ropes and knobs that the "baseless fabrio" of spiritualism has been raised.
Hanged for Deserting the Federal Army. -The following is a copy of a letter received from a young formerly belonging to Bothbury, who has V>OATI service in the Federal army" Before Peters- burg, Saturday, 17th December 1864.-D*ar Edward Pape,—I take the last opportunity I will have m tta world M I am condemned to die to-day at twelve o'clock for the crime of desertion. In my last foments I send my love and best respects to you and all mv friends and relations in the world. I forgive all my eikemiel., as I hope to be forgiven in the ner, t world. God forgive me my sins. I am condemned to be hung on this day at noon. I remam, truly m Christ, yours, FOBERT SNOTVDON.—TO Mr. Edward Pape,Morpeth, Northumberland, England."
1 THE PLAISTOW MURDER. I I Ferdinand Edward Kohl was indicted at the Central Criminal Court on Wednesday, before the Lord Chief Baron and Mr. Justice Blackburn, for the murder of his countryman, John, alias Christian Fuhrop. The prisoner pleaded not guilty, and demanded a mixed jury of English and foreigners. The Solicitor-General, Serjeant Ballantine, and Mr. Kannan conducted the prosecution; Mr. Best, of the Oxford Circuit, and Mr. C. E. Palmer, defended the prisoner. M. Albert was engaged by the Crown to act as interpreter. The Solicitor-General briefly stated the substance of the evidence he intended to adduce in support of the charge. The prisoner was a German, and had been engaged as a sugar baker. About the middle of Sep- tember he went to Germany, and returned to England on the 2nd of October. He met with a young woman, to vhom he was married, and he took a house in Hoy- street, Plaistow-marshes, the rent of which he endea- voured to pay by letting out part of it in lodgings. From Germany he brought with him a young man named Fuhrop, and introduced him to Mrs. Warren, with whom the prisoner had previously lodged. He took lodgings' at her house, and afterwards went to live with the prisoner, remaining with him up to the time of his death. He should prove that this young man was foully murdered. On the 8th of November the body was found in a reed field by the side of the river, the bead being cut off. The clothes were st-rpped off, with the exception of the boots and trousers, and there was nothing to indicate that a struggle had taken place. Probably the deceased was struck down at once, but he would not enlarge upon this point, for he presumed it would not be contended that the deceased had committed suicide. The learned gentleman then proceeded to consider the evidence tending to the conclusion that the prisoner was the murderer; tracing the movements of the prisoner and the deceased in company together, and the movements of the prisoner after the deceased had disappeared. He commented-onthe fact that the prisoner gave a false account of his conduct, and had stated that on the day of the murder he was at a sugar bakery at Whitechapsl, whereas it would be proved that he was on Plaiatow-marshes, where the body was found. The clothes of the prisoner had been sub- mitted to Dr. Letheby, who had found spots of blood on them. He had also inspected a chopper which had been in the prisoner's possession, and had found upon it small portions of cotton linen fibre, and also a very small portion of human skin. A knife would be pro- duced, which was found upon the spot, with human hair adhering to it; and this knife, it would be proved, was the property of the prisoner. The learned gen- tleman then adverted to some minor points connected with the charge, leaving the details to be filled up by the witnesses. Elizabeth Warren, examined by Serjeant Ballantine, gave evidence that the deceased had been introduced to her as a lodger by the prisoner, and left her just a month before his body was found. He owed her 15si when he left, and on the Monday he came for his things, when he declined to pay, and she kept his things. Afterwards the prisoner and the deceased came to her house together, and the articles, six sovereigns, a gold ring and chain, a silver watch, and a neckerchief ring, with a peaarl in it, were- fetbhed away, the money being paid. (The articles depo-sited with the witness were produced and identified, by her: The clothes she also identified.) James Warren, the husband, corroborated his wife's evidence as to the identity of the deceased and. his property. Eliza Whitmore and Frederick Whitmore, her husband, also gave corroboratory evidence. Mary Anne Wade said that she and her husband resided in the prisoner's house. On the morning oi the 3rd November, about half-past nine, the prisoner and John went out. (She described their dresses as a former witness had done, adding that John had'a blue cloth cap on.) When the prisoner returned his dress was very muddy, a clayey sort of mud. It was of the same colour as the mud in the reed bed. She believed the streets were dry at that time. He said he got the mud in a- butcher's cart. She asked him where John was, and lie said he had left him outside the sugar bakery, but he did not say where. (Witness repeated a conversation similar to that described by Mrs. Whitmore, about the prisoner going to Germany. She also gave a similar account of breaking open the boxes.) The chopper produced she had been in the habit of lending to the prisoner. Some days before the 3rd of November he borrowed it from her, and on Friday, the 4th, he returned it to her. The red paint now on the top of it was not there when she lent it to him last. Prisoner said he had painted.it because it was loose in the handle, and" that would keep it on. She also recognised the knife found in the marshes as the property of the prisoner. A good deal of confirmatory evidence, which it is unnecessary to report, was given on the points already established by the witnesses. William Jackson, of Nelson-street, said he saw the prisoner on Saturday, the 5th of November. He pur- chased two cabbages from him. He took five or six sovereigns from his pocket, besides silver, and gave him a shilling. Witness said if he had so much money as that he would stand a glass. The prisoner shrugged his shoulders, and said he was going to Germany on Tuesday. He said that when he came-back he intended to open a. bearshop. Mary Jane Cooper, of Plaistow, had known the prisoner eight months. She- saw him on the 7th of November on the river bank. She saw him jump the ditch from the reed-bed by the third stile. Richard Harvey said that on the &th of November he wont with some companions to the reed-bed to shoot. He found the body of a man without a head. It was lying on the back, with the hand resting on the breast. It had on trousers, Wellington boots, and' part of a shirt.* The witness was confirmed by some of the young men who were with him, and by the policeman who was called- It was added by the policeman that much of the body had been eaten away by rats. The prisoner was taken into custody on the evening of the same day, and when the charge was read over to him said, "I well know where I was on that not finishing the sentence. On & further search blood was found forty-five feet from the place where the body lay. William Richardson, landlord of the Graving Dock Tavern, witnessed to the behaviour of the prisoner on his being charged with a knowledge of the murder. Mr. R. ,Morris, surgeon, and Dr. Letheby, -gave evidence as to the nature of the wounds on the head and body of deceased, and the finding of blood stains on the chopper, &c.. John Alfchens, an engineer, residing at North Wool- wich, said that, on the 9th of November, he found the knife produced in the reed bed. At that time; some hairs adhered to the blade of, th& knife, but then dropped off. The wife of the witness confimed his evidence. Several pawnbrokers were called, who proved that the prisoner, in-October pledged various articles at their establishments, some of which were the property of the deceased.. Other witnesses were called to show that, since4 his marriage, the prisoner had,been in a state of poverty, borrowing money, but deiug, no work. The case for the prosecution having closed, the court adjourned until ten o'clock nest morning. On the opening of the Court on Thursday, Mr. Best addressed the jury for the defence, making use of every argument possible to' convince them that there was a donbt of the prisoner's guilt, pointing to the absence of bloodstains on the prisoner's elothes, and his remaining in the same place after the murder was committed—a fact which he considered pointed to Kohl's innocence, and concluded as follows:- Well, gentlemen,, I will not tire you by going through other portions of the evidence, equally oon- sistent with this man's innocence but, gentlemen, I leave him with confidence in your hands, six of you foreigners, and it is my duty to tell you that your verdict is hnal and I beseeoh you before you arrive at any hostile conclusion to weigh every particle of this evidence before you hold up the balance to say a.ve or no whether that man is to lave or die; and let me say, looking you solemnly in the face, may Heaven direct you to a just verdict. The Solicitor-General having replied, the learned judge summed up at considerable length, touching upon all the salient points, of the evidence, and re- plying with great force to the suggestions of the counsel for the defence, and, in conclusion, stated that he would put out of sight all bloody clothes, and all remarks that are calculated to disturb the jurymen's mind; but, putting all the other circumstances together, you will have to see if yon can come to the conclusion that no other person besides the prisoner was there. Take the case as a whole, do not allow your attention to be directed to one particular matter, but carefully weigh all, and in your judgment give that decision which the law of the country expects, not forgetting your duty to the prisoner. The jury then retired, and after an absence of some time, returned a-verdict of Guilty." Sentence of death was then passed in the usual form. The culprit will be executed at Chelmsford. Conduct of the Prisoner. Immediately after the sentence was passed upon the prisoner, the sheriffs, accompanied by their depu- ties, Messrs. De-Jersey and Davidson, proceeded to his cell, and told him to prepare himself for his removal to Chelmsford, where the execution was to be carried out. He was in a dreadfully excited state, and with great violence of gesticulation, accompanied by appeals to the Almighty, h9 declared that he was innocent of the crime of which he had been found guilty. Ho was told that this course of proceeding would not avail him in any manner, that he had been tried and convicted by a jury, partly composed of foreigners, at his own request, and that the sentence would certainly be carried out. He still, however, persisted in asserting that he was innocent. and said that if his witnesses had been summoned they would have proved his innocence. It was a considerable time before he recovered his composure, and was in a fit state to be taken away from the gaol to Chelms- ford. It seems that on several occasions since the prisoner has been in Newgate awaiting his trial, he hal; con- ducted himself in the most violent and extraordinary manner. He appeared at times to pray very devoutly, and he was for some time engaged in writing hymns ill the German language; but on other occasions he has been in a violent state of excitement, and, in allusion to his crime, has called down the most fearful imprecations upon himself if he W lS not innocent, at the same time calling upon the Almighty to execute vengeance against his accusers. The appetite of the prisoner since he has been in custody appears to have been most extraordinary; and during the greater portion of the time he has been confined in Newgate lie has been allowed a double ration of bread with every meal. The culprit was taken in a cab to the Great Eastern Railway Station in Shoreditch, in the charge of Fenn and Drew, two of the warders of Newgate. He was securely handcuffed, and one compartment of a second. class carriage was specially engaged for the purpose of conveying the culprit to his place of destination. The following is a-copy of the death warrant or order under which the prisoner was removed:— Central Criminal Court to wit. At a general session oS oyer and terminer, and general session for the delivery of the QMèns gaol of Newgate, holden for the jurisdiction of the Central Criminal Court, at Justice-hall, in the Old Bailey, in the suburbs. of the City of London, on Monday, the 9th day of January, 1365, Ferdinand Edward Karl Kohl, aged twenty-six, standing convicted of the wilful murder of John, alias Christian Furhop, is ordered to be hung, by the ireek until he be dead, and his body to be afterwards buried within the precincts of, the prison in which he shall have been confined after his conviction; and the said Ferdinand Edward Karl Kohl is ordered to staad committed to the custody of the sheriff of the county of Essex, in execution of the said judgment by the court. HENRY AVOBY, Clerk of the said Court. During the journey to Chelmsford the prisoner con- tinued to rave and assert his in nooenc and once or twice he made use of the remarkable expression, "Godknows I am as white as the snow." Hb-was in- formed that if he had any information to give or any representations to make to show that he had been im- properly convicted, every facility would be afforded him to do so during the interval before his execution. This appeared to have the desired effect, and the cul- prit accompanied the officers quietly to the gaol at Springfield, where he was received by the governor, Captain M'Gorrery, and some of the warders, and at; once conveyed to the cell" appointed fo-r the reception1 of condemned criminals.
DUBLIN INTERNA TIONAL EXHIBITION. The British Colonies, althongh labouring under dis- advantages from the short notiee given them and the' difficulty of obtaining legislative grants so soon after' the last. London Exhibition, will be very fairly repre- sented by Small but interesting collections of producer and manufactures in Dublin in May next. The Aus- tralasian Colonies will have collections of their wools, wines, fibres, silk, woods, oils, cotton, grain, arrow- root, minerals, and ob-jeets of natural history; and even some illustrations of fine arts in photographs and pictures. India, will show a magnificent collec- tion of raw products and rich manufactures, arranged by Dr. Forbes Watson, of the India Muaeuss. Ceylon: sends carved wood tables, a fine collection of fibres; and ropes, gums, oils, grains, and pharmaceutical pro- ducts. Malta will show the carved stonework, silver filigree, and the fine-lace for which she is so famous, with probably mosaic work and other articles. Thei North American Colonies are making some prepara- tions to be represented. Several of the West India., Islands send furniture, cotton, and ether fibres, objects of natural history, shell work, pirnem to,, coffee, &c., walking sticks, which have reoently rhen¡ into a large and profitable trade, besides samples of! those staple, products which are the mainstay of their, industry. Lagos, Sierra Leone, and other West African. Colonies will make a fine display of native mats aisd basket work, country cloths, native curiosi- ties, carved calabashes, and articles of produce. Most, of the African merchants and companies have pro- mised:their aid in contributions. Other colonies, con- tribute produce and miscellaneous objects of various* kinds.
A LITTLE FRENCH CLUB. The Literary Circle of Petitbourg (with new deco- rations, paperhangings, and stove), a& fresh as a; phoenix, opened its wings to shelter its faithful and attached- alwmxi. Not long ago a cireular, signed' (Dufour, President," invited me, in my quality o member, to assist at its re-opening one auspicious- evening, at five of the clock precisely, Petitbourg; time. Entrance (private, as a matter of course), R>»s du Boulevard. I went, sir. My eyes were delighted and dazzled. There were my old familiar friends; the hexagonal-framsd clock, at whose round face I had so often gazed; the dial barometer I had so assiduously caressed and patted; the glass which had so re-, peatedly (and favourably) reflected my manly fea- tures the billiard-table (not yet len;eiled) whose bull., clicking had erst enlivened my ears. On the card-, table, freshened up with verdant cloth, lay the treaty,, the compact of our new existence,, awaiting adhesion and signature. I looked around,, sir, for either an imperial eagle's quill or a_ plumes from the wing of the Gallic cock. Finding neither I, perfbrinl-d the decisive act through the instrumentality of a pen. of steeL I' counted the signatures; We were twenty, Sir. A few modifisatians in our state and style are the necessary consequences of the change. Instead of two rooms --a cabinet for. reading- and a salle for smoking, cards, and billiards, we have. only one; but then, sir, it, is a very long one, At the end neat the windows (there are three windows, sir): you may read your paper and fancy yoursolf in a; separate apartment. At the other end, where stands the billiard-table, you may talk and smoke and easily, forget the presence of readers, who do not give you the least interruption. Between these two regions, of which the stove marks the exact frontier, is a- border- land several feet in breadth, where a duster of hospit- able tables and chairs invites. friendly greetings and meetings from either antipode&-Ill the Year Rotund.