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THE WAR.

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THE WAR. THURSDAY. Official announcement was made last night that Admiral Jelliooe has relinquished his post as First Sea Lord o £ the Admiralty, and has been succeeded by Vice-Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyse Second Sea Lord since August last. The King has conferred a peerage on Sir John Jelliooe, whose services and experience, the announcement adds, it is hoped may be made use of at a later date in another important appointment.—Com- paratively quiet times continue to rule on all the fronts, with the exception of the Italian. In the West snow has fallen along the whole of the British line. Two strong attacks were made on the French positions 011 the right bank of the Meuse. but they were repulsed. Fighting for the Italian plains is still desperate. The struggle on the Asiag-o plateau was re-commenced on Christmas morning, when the Austro-Ger- mans launched new attacks on the Italians extreme right. While the enemy e at- tempts between Col del Russo, and the V al Frenzela Maise were checked, the Italian troops several times renewed their attack •n Col del Rosso and Monte de Yal Bella, which they recaptured but were unable to hold. An attempted attack on the left of the Brenta was checked in its early stages hy the Italian guns.—The Admiralty piracy returns for the week show a fall in the number of British vpssels lost as compared vith the previous two weeks, the figures being eleven large vesses sunk, as against lon-teon, and one small, as against three ikiid seven. FRIDAY. Count Osernin, as the mouthpiece of the Germanic Empires, has given a formal reply to Russia's peace demands. W orded with ail the subtlety that the Ballplatz and the Wilhelmstraese could bring to bear upon it, the- answer is the fetlt of a diplo- matic Blondin On the one side there was the danger of frightening the Russian fish from the hook and on the other the need to frame the reply so as to leave loopholes «f escape for Germany herself. In P.rm* eiple the restoration of Belgian, >_erbian, Roumanian, and Montenegrin independ- ence is accepted. With regard to Alsacc and Poland, whilst acknowledging the rights of small peoples to self-government, the proviso is inserted in so far as it is practically feasible." The Central Em- pires are in complete agreement with Trotzkv and his satellites as to making a clean slate of war indemnities, but the re- turn of the Gorman colonies Is demanded. Finally, there is the effort to rope in the Entente Powers, for,' says Count Oiernin, it would not do for the Powers of the Quadruple Alliance, negotiating v ith Russia •ne-sidedly. to tie themselves to these con- ditions without a guarantee that Russia a Allies will recognise and will carit out these conditions." The moitlling Post" Washington Correspondent says that tnfere I is little doubt that Trotzys attack on Mr. Francis the United States Ambassador in Russia, was made in pursuance^ot a de- liberate plan, instigated by the Folshevik s taskmasters, the Germans, to pick a quarrel with America The hatred entertained by The Bolshevik's towards America arises oartly from German propaganda and Part- ly from the pernicious influenoe exercised b▼ Russian Anarchists, who, after living in the United States, have returned to Russia since the downfall of the Tsar. These Anarchists went to America with the insane notion that they could reform the existing constitution of society with torch and dynamite, and the severe punishment meted our. to the more daring and less cun- ing of them has disguested them with American methods. SATURDAY. Count Czernin's casuistical reply to the Russian delegates on the subject of peace liab met with a prompt reply from France. In a speech delivered in the Chamber of Deputies M. Pichon, Minister for foreign Aftair6, restated the war aims of Franco in tteen-As which admit of no misconception. Foremost in the French programme is the lestitution by Germany of Alsace Lorraine, not only as an act of justice towards France herself but as a symbol of right. Other objects aimed at by France in concert with her Allies were a guarantee of a durable peace by agreement and a general organi- sation by a League of Nations. Speaking of the effect produced on the military situ- ation by the defection of Russia, M. hon eaid it was the duty of France to remain in touch with all sane elements in Russia. France did not despair of her ancient Ally, and was ready to resume with her the former relations, the rupture of which was not the fault of the Quai D'Orsay. Doubts are beginning- to be raised even amongst Leninists themselves as to Germany's good faith in the Brest- J, itevsk negotiations. The Petrograd '"Pravda," the organ of the Maximalists, takes alarm at the refusal of Count Gzeniin to discuss the question of nationalities which were not independent .before the war. It goes on to ask how the German delegates can justify their claims to Cour- land, Lithuania, ar.d Poland the future of which ought to be regarded as a Russian internal question.—General Allenby's forces in Palestine have had to withstand some determined assaults by the Turks. At- tacking in turn the British routed the enemy's right flank, penetrating his lines to an extent of about two and a half miles on a front of nine miles. MONDAY. General Allenby's northward drive in Palestine is being continued with the most successful resuh*. Since the last report, .which carried the operatioIlP. down to December 26-27, the iitish line has been (advanced over seven miles-ohiefly along the Nablup road. Amongst the taken is the ancient Beeroth, one ot the four Hivite or Gibeonite cities that made the league with Joshua. On the Western ivont Sir Douglas Haig reports attacks on two sectors of the British front. On Saturday evening a thrust was made near y res, and yesterday the Cambrai front was the flCene of heavy fighting, which, says the evening oommunique, is still con- tinuing. At two points General Byng has 'had to give ground. Russia's betrayal at the hands of the Lenins and Trotzkys who have seized the reine of power proceeds apace. Under the new treaty the war Úi declared to be at an end, and economic relations are to be resumed as speedily as posibie. Russia asked for the evacuation o fOourland, Lithuania, and Poland, and Germiny has acepted with specious reser- vations that show how completely Petro- jrrad is being outwitted by Berlin. Failing to overwhelm the stout resistance of the Italians by military means, the Austjro- Germane are resorting to diastardly air re- prisals on civilians. Several open towns have been bombed, and in Padua, wbica was twice visited, two cihurcbes were set on are. TUESDAY. All Italian!, will exult over the news con- tained in yesterday's Rome bulletin of the success achieved by tho French on the Monte Tomba front. The crest of this position was captured by the Germans in tne latter part of November, but the Italians valiantly resisted the enemy's attempt to debouch on the plains. VV hen the French reinforcements arrived they took over the southern slopes of the posi- tion and on Sunday they stormed the emrmy's positions bet-ween; Oste-ria di Mon- fenora and Marazine. The attack was a (Complete success and the French aire now firmly established on the new ground. Nearly 1,4X1 prisoners were taken, together with a largoe quantity of war material.—In reporting further progress in Palestine General AUenby states that the object of the Turkish attack on December 27 was to retake Jerusalem. Not only was We at- tempt a failure, the Turks losing 1,000 in killed alone, but General Allenby took ,advantage of the enemy's exhaustion to advance his own line for a distance of seven i-niles. -On the Cambrai front General Byng has been able to regain the more impor- tant part of the Welsh Ridge positions (near La Vacquerie). lost on Sunday morn- inc. The Germans returned to the assault yesterday) and succeeded in gaming one trench only, however, to be driven out by a counter-attack. WEDNESDAY. Following upon the Frendh success at Monte Tomba, in Italy, comes news of an Italian exploit. General Diaz has driven the enemy across the Piave at Zenson, the brideghead established by the Austro-Gor- mans on November 12 being abandoned. Che communique announcing lihis success adds that Viceza Treviso, Bassano, and Castelfranoo have been r> >m t>~cl by enemy airmen. As is shown by the debate in tho Italian Senate on Monday, those barbari- ties only serve to etiiien tia Italians in their determination to unve the invader from their soil. Signor Odlando, the Premier, in an eloquent speech. exposed the hollowness of Germany's peace offer, and reiterated Italy's adeliey to the Pact of London —In Palestine General Allenby has made further progress, the line being again advanced north of Jerusalem. — "4^ —■—■—

War Jottings. r---I

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!PONTYBEREM EISTEDDFOD.

LLANSAWEL.

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