BOARDS OF GUARDIANS AND RURAL DISTRICT COUNCILS CARMARTHEN OUTDOOR RELIEF AND THE INCREASED COST OF LIVING. The fortnightly meeting of the Carmarthen Board of Guardians was held at the Guildhall on Saturday, Mr. John Jones, Ferryside, presiding. AN EXCEPTION. The Clerk (Mr. J. Saer) reported that he had re- ceived the monthly statements Irom all the parishes with the exception of Abergwili. He had not re- ceived a statement from that parish since September ^Mr. Thomas Thomas—What is the matter with the man there? The Chairman-He is always at it. The Clerk said he would have to report it to the auditor. MASTER'S REPORT. The Master read his report as follows: Divine service was conducted in the house on Sunday, 28th March, by the Rev. A. Fuller DiNIs, Penll n T. Park, and on Sunday, 4th April, by the Rev. D. J. Thomas, English Congregational Church. The number of inmates in the house on the last day of the week was 61, against 70 for the same period last year. The number of casual paupers relieved during the fortnight was 48, against 126 for the corresponding period last year. Mrs. Williams, Napier House, gave hot cross buns to all the in- mates on Good Friday (as usual). Miss Peel, Dan- yrallt, Llandilo Detachment Red Cross Society, dis- tributed oranges to all. THE COTTAGE HOME. A letter was read from the Newcastle-Emlyn Guardians asking if the Board could take a few children from them and accommodate them at the Carmarthen cottage home. At present there were only two children in Newcastle-Emlyn Workhouse The Clerk explained that the aocommodation at the cottage home was for 15, and there were 13 there at present. They would not have any reserve if they accepted two children from Newcastle-Emlyn. There were children at the cottage home who could not be boarded out. It was decided to reply to the letter to express regret that the children could not be accommodated at Carmarthen. PAUPERS AND INCREASED COoT OF LIVING The meeting considered at length the question of increasing outdoor relief in consequence of the in- creased cost of living arising out of the war. A letter was read from the Gloucester Guardians asking the Board to agree to their decision to grant an increase of 6d. weekly to each ,iingle person re- lieved, Is. to each married couple, and 6d. to each child residing with its parents, such allowances not to be made in the case of those receiving 5sJor more. Rev. A. Fuller Mills moved that they adopt the decision of Gloucester, which, he said, meant giving an increase of 6d. per week all round. Mr M. J. Evans (Mydrim) seconded. Mr M. W. Jenkins (St. Clearsl moved an amend- ment that each case be considered on its merits. They were not there, he said, to be dictated to by the Gloucester guardians. Mr. J. Lewis (Llangendeirne) said there were many ratepayers in the parish of Llangendeirnfe who were worse off than the paupers. They as guardians had to consider the ratepayers as well as the poor. H Gloucester guardians committed suicide, were they to follow them? (laughter). The N-eatb guardians had decreased their rates by £ 5.000, and were they to follow them? „ Mr. J. J. Bowcn (Llangunnock) said no doubt there were oases in the union where a reduction ought to be made in the relief, and there were also cases where an increase ought to be granted. They could not do anything fairer than consider each case on its merits. Mr. Benjamin Salmon (St. Clears) said there wer a certain class of paupers wfio had not been pro- perly considered for the last few years. He meant the widowed mothers who were only granted 2s. a week in respect of each child. They were the persons who had been hit the hardest by the in- leased cost of food. He did not think any rate- payer, however poor he might be, would grudge giving 2s. 6d. per child to a widowed mother. It was through losing the bread-winner that the widowed mother applied for relief. Rev. J. Herbert (Llanllawddog) agreed that there were cases where a reduction in relief could be made and where an increase could be granted. The guardians had been increasing relief on account bf the war, for a few months past, and they had dealt very generously with those who received separation allowances by allowing them to retain the full relief. Then there were those paupers who billeted soldiers. They were also very generously dealt with. He thought the guardians should in- crease the relief gradually as they had done hitherto. The inoreased expenditure would have to be pro- vided. for in the estimates, and he did not think they should increase the rate by more than a penny in the B. Mr. Mills' motion would mean an expendi- ture of £800, and a penny rate came to about ±,bW. Mr. D. T. Gilbert (Carway) said they did not know how hard it was for poor widowed mothers to live on a paltrv 2s. a week per ohild. Special attention should be given to them. If the Board wanted pro- cress, they would have to pay for it. Did the "■uardians ever consider the cases on their merits, fcries of "Yes"). Then the Board had been very inconsistent for a long time. Rev A. F. Mills, Teplvmg, said he was not moved to make his proposition by the GWster tions and there was no question of dictation. Ile believed that by giving an increase of €>d. per ween all round, the Board would really be economising. If thev came to consider each case on its ts- +heT would find that in many cases, they would ha7e togr »» incrce of Is. or h.. than was granted at p-sent, and at that rate they would fmd thev were r,,vancing a great deal mor than fed. all round. His proposition did not Pre«^ the motion of Mr. Salmon that special cases should be ec,a.ider(,d on their merits. Mr. motion and that of Mr. Salmon s were defeated, and it was decided tp consider each case on its merits.
LLftHDILO The fortnightly meeting of the Llandilo Boai of Guardians was held at the Urban District Council Offices on Saturday, Mr. J. wis presiding. The Master, in his report, stated that the num- ber of inmates in the house on the last day of the week was 64 as compared with 62 in the correspond- in- week last year. The total number of vagrants relieved during the fortnight showed a 103 ai compared with the corresponding period last vear Vagrants relieved for this half year num- bered 1,117, and that for the corresponding half-year SSS a decrease of 556. Mr. J. L. Wxlhams, Maesyquarre, had sent a case of oranges to the in- mOn\he motion of the Chairman, a hearty vote of thanks was accorded to Mr. Williams. Two tenders for the carpentry work necessary at the Workhouse were received and the I-owest-that of Daniel Davies, Manordeilo, at £ 5-was accepted. The price quoted in the other tender was ilslos. A letter was read from Mr. D. Caradog Davies, relieving officer, tendering his resignation., The Clerk stated that he had written to the Local Government Board explaining exactly what had taken place, and they had replied that as he had tendered his resignation unconditionally, no action on the part of the Board would be necessary. The Clerk then read a letter with' reference to the qualifications necessary on the part of applicants for the vacant post. It pointed out that preference should be given to candidates who had had experi- ence in similar duties. Mr. John Bevan asked if it was possible to save the. further ordeal of canvassing that was carried out night and day by means of an examination on the Poor Law, eto. Rev. Davies-If there will be a candidate with experience, the appointment, according to the letter of the Local Government Board, will be taken out of our hands. Mrs. Roberts, referring to the age limit, asked if candidates eligible for the Army should be dis- qualified. Mr. John Bevan—One condition I wish to pro- pose is that we subject the candidates to examina. tion. Mr. Wm. Roberts—We did not have an examina- tion when Mr. Caradog Davies was appointed; yet he was quite capable of doing the work. Any young man can do it. We do not require an M.A. for this work. Mr. John Richards—Our experience in the past with examinations was no good whatever. Mr. J. L. Williams asked if there was anything thnt prohibited women from applying. The Chairman-No; there was nothing in the circular. Mr. Thomas Evans-The place is too rough for women (laughter). Mr. Wm. Hopkins thought the relieving officer should live in, or near, Llandilo town, which was in the centre of the district, and had a population of 2,000. Many of the members agreed to this, but not to the fixing of a special limit outside the town. The matter was deferred for decision at thelltime of the appointment. Rural District Council. A meeting of the Rural District Council was held afterwards, Mr. Evan Davies presiding. The Clerk read a letter from the Local Govern- ment Board with regard to the compulsory notifica- tion of measles and whooping cough, stating that the Board would declare those diseases notifiable if the Council thought it wise to do so in their dis- trict. Mr. L. Martin—I beg to propose that we leave the. matter alone for the reason that the medical officer can only close every-day schools and not Sunday schools. Mr. J. L. Williams seconded, and this was agreed to. A letter was rend from Mr. D. W. Drummond urging the Council to hurry on with the erection of the Rhydcymarau Bridge as the traffic on that road had greatly increased since the sanatorium had been built. A Member stated that it would be better to defer the matter until after the war. The Clerk pointed out that a loan would not be necessary as the County Council had agreed to give £100 and Llanybvther and Llandilo the other £ 200. The Chairman—The matter is left entirely with Llanybyther, as they were the movers in the ques- tion. Their surveyor is drawing plans, and we are still waiting. An application for an increase of salary was made by Mr. Wm. Lloyd, water rate collector for the Llandebie district. He stated that his present salary, J350 per annum, was inadequate, and asked for 25s. per week. Lord Dynevor pointed out that according to the resolutions on their books there was only one date on which they could give a rise in salary. Several members agreed. The matter was referred to the Finance Com- mittee. Mr. Martin submitted the report of the Plans Committee, in which it was stated that the Inspector had visited three houses at Llansawel, a public- house, and the two adjoining houses. They were in a very insanitary state, and the Inspector had asked the owner to forward him the plans of the repairs which he intended doing to the houses. The plans were to have been in that day, but as they had not been received, he asked that a closing order be drawn out. The Chairman asked the Surveyor if he had ex- plained everything to the owner, and he replied that he had done so. The Surveyor added that the owner would have to go to a considerable expense before the houses would be suitable. The Clerk was directed to write to the owner again asking him for the plans. Mr. Martin reported that the Inspector had seen the springs at Cefncethin and Plasbaoh, which yielded 24,000 gallons of water per 24 hours. The population of Ffairfach was 800, and the quant -y required per head would roughly be 18 gallons per day. amounting, therefore, to a total of 12,000. The Chairman—That is not a very large margin. The Surveyor-But there are other springs close by. The Chairman—We will have other requirements from Ffairfach. A large amount of water will be required at the factory, and there is the Work- house. The Surveyor—All those have been included. It was stated that the two landladies would have to be aproached first of all, The Clerk—It is a scheme that will cost a heavy expenditure. I do not think we should borrow money at the present time. Lord Dynevor said he understood they could <tot borrow money just now. In addition, it seemed to him to be the wrong time of the year to gauge the water when the earth was full of water. It should be carried out in summer when the earth was dry. The Chairman said he thought they should get the scheme the same time as when they would go in for the drainage, so that the two schemes would go together. He thought that both should be de- ferred for the time being. A small committee was appointed to go into the matter. It was stated in the report that Saron School had been thoroughly disinfected, and that the Chief Attendance Officer (Mr. Morgans) was Dresent while the work was carried out. Mr. John Bevan-I was under the impression that you were supposed to disinfect houses where there had been a fever outbreak. The Surveyor-I have not had any notifications from the doctor. Mr. John Bevan—You will have notification of ours perhaps in 1916. Mr. Bevan added that he happened to know something about Saron School. The Education Committee were talking about reform- ing. They wanted changing badly. The people who were responsible for the cleaning of Saron School had not got a ladder nor a single thing to clean the school. The Chairman said it was ;no use disinfecting schools and not the houses. Mr. J. Bevan-My children are going out, now school before the house will be disinfected. The Chairman-Is it right that these children should attend school before their houses are disin- fected? Let us have some commonsense put into the question. It is no use at all disinfecting the houses after the children have attended school. It is simply looking the door of the stable after the horse has gone out. Mr. J. Bevan—My children are c,o;ng out, now that they have recovered from the fever. I was in a doubt what to do. and have been expecting the sanitary inspector or the medical officer to cal'. I am not going to keep my children home another fortnight until the house is disinfected. Mr. R. Martin explained that if they were going to disinfect every house in the"istrict where scarlet fever occurred it would mean an expense of hundreds of pounds. The Chairman—If that is the case, there is no good whatever in disinfecting the school Mr. R. Martin-What is the good of disinfecting or closing a school when you have Sunday schools. The Chairman-I am not quite satisfied as to this mode of disinfecting. We are very loose. Mr. John Bevan proposed that every house be dis- infected. Mr. J. L. Williams said he could not understand the idea of closing schools and allowing them to he used for public meetings. If was ultimately decided that the Sanitarv Committee should consider the question and repo/t to the Council in a month.
CWRTYCADNO, CAIO CONCERT.—A very successful concert was held at th" Cwmcothi Council School on Wednesday of last week. Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes, V.C., G.C.B.. Dolauoothi. being the chairman. An ex- cellent programme had been provided by Mr. J. Evans, the headmaster of the Council School. In addition to local talent artistes from Lampeter and elsewhere contributed to the success of the evening. The following took partMr. David Davies, Cwrt: Misses James, Cwrt; Mis" Davies. Caio: school children: Mr. Joseph Williams. Lampeter: Misses Williams, Caio: Mr. Terwyn Davies. Lampeter; Miss Eunice Davies, Lampeter Mr. Jenkin Davies. Llan.<rvbi: ,T, William Lewis. Garth; Misses Maud and Nancy .Jones, Cwrt: Messrs. Davies and Wil- liams, Lnrrmeter; Mr. IR"s. Pumpsaint; Mr. Johnnv Williams, Cwrt; Miss Davies and Mr. Dn vies. Lampeter: Misses Davies and Williams, Caio: Miss Davies. Lampeter.
Carmarthen County. SATURDAY, April 10th.—Before Major Dowdeswell, Llanstephan (presiding); Mr. Thos. Lewis, Bryn- glas; the Mayor of Carmarthen (Alderman John Lewis), Mr. J. Ll. Thomas, Drefach; and Mr. M. James Evans, Mydrim. LARCENY. Joseph Coleman, farm labourer, no fixed abode, was charged with stealing a watch, chain and muffler, value 69. 9d., the property of James Healey, farm servant at Cwm-mill Farm, Mydrim. James Healey said that on the 31st March he placed the articles at the foot of his bed and on April 2nd they were missing. The defendant, who was given employment at the farm, stayed there three days and left on the Friday that witness missed the articles. P.C. Lewis, Mydrim, stated that he arrested prisoner at Waungochen Farm, Abernant, on the 3rd inst., and charged him with the theft. Prisoner said, I know nothing about it. I have not got a watch about me, and I have not stolen one." Wit- ness went into the barn and in the feeding box of the chaff-cutter found the watch and chain. Witness said to prisoner, This is the watch and chain stolen," and prisoner then confessed to the offence. Prisoner added that he knew nothing whatever about the muffler which had not been recovered. On the way to Carmarthen prisoner said, I took the watch and chain when they were all at breakfast." Prisoner pleaded guilty. Supt. Jones stated that defendant, who had been employed in various farms in this part of the coun- try. had not done very well. In some of the farms he had been employed at, he had stolen the watches of his employers-one a gold watch—offered them for sale, and when unable to finu a purchaser, re- turned them to their owners. On one occasion he stole a suit of clothes and when information waS given to the police, returned the suit to his employer. The Chairman, addressing defendant, said he was sorry to see that such a youth had made so bad a start in life. If he would obtain prisoner's promise to igo straight. in future, the Bench would deal very leniently with him. Prisoner promised to behave well in 'future, and was discharged. IRREGULAR ATTENDANCE. Mrs. Irving. Crvchiau Cotta,ge, Abergwili, who again appeared before the magistrates for not send- ing her children to school regularly, was definitely given to understand by the chairman that the chil- dren would be placed in an industrial school unless they attended school more regularly. DRUNK. William Love]], gipsy, charged with being drunk and disorderly on the 5th inst., at Conwil. was on the evidence of P.C. Morgan fined 10s. and costs. STRAYING. For allowing his horse to stray on tho highway on the 1st inst., Henry Davies, Llanstephan, was en I the evidence of P.C. David Davies fined 5s. and t costs.
St. Clears. TUESDAY, April 13th.-Before Mr. J. H. Thomas (chairman), Mr. Morgan Jones, Mr. J. D. Morse, Rev. T. Lewis, Mr. R. H. Harries, Mr. M. J. Evans, and Capt. Howells. AD LÍ LT.c;RàTD MILK. Xiiouias xXowci-s, Jbiouuvvay Pariii, i^lansuuumeii, liia Cildr6cci with selling .auuitefated uulk. jjavia ituuuric^, inspector 01 weigms and mea- suies, s:ud LLiat oil March 1st ne attended iiroudley Factory, and saw vv iluam oonea delivering mils, tu jueisrs. Cocks and boiis, WHO are retailers in njardtfi. lie asked tne defendant. i1 tne 01 urn contained milk, ana lie replied mat it did, night and morning milk inix-ed. i-le informed the defendant that ne re- quited a sample of the mnk irom the churn, and in order to thoroughly mix the milk it was emptied into a clean one and a sample taken immediately. The report of the public analyst showed that the milk was deficient in fat solids, and contained five per cent. added water, that was one pint of water to every two and a half gallons of milk. Witness added that the defendant had written to him in ex- plantation that the milk had been exposed to a very rough and wet night. Arthur Peters, employed by Messrs. Cocks and Son at Whitland, proved the contract between the defendant and the firm in which it was stated that the milk should be pure and unadulterated. Defendant, pleading not guilty, said he had only one explanation for the milk being adulterated, that was that the can which contained the milk was out during the night. It was a very rough and wet night, and he had placed corrugated iron with iron on top of it over the can but before the morning the corrugated iron had been blown off. He added that it was no gain for him to add water as he was paid according to the percentage of fat solids. When asked if he thought it wise to leave the milk out during the night defendant replied that the milk kept much sweeter. The Chairman said they did not consider this a very serious case, and defendant would be fined 2s. 6d., with 10s. 6d. the analyst's fee, and one- third of the inspector's train fare. Thomas Howells, Broadway Farm, Llansadurnen, was charged with a similar offence. Mr. H. B. White, solicitor, Carmarthen, ap- peared for the defendant. Mr. David Roderick, in his evidence, said he took a sample of the defendant's milk at the same place and the same day as he took that of the former. The analyst's report in this case showed that the amount of added water was 10 per cent. Mr. White said that after milking, the defendant had to go in search of a horse, and was away some- time. Mrs. Howells was unable to take the can in herself, and it had to be out until the defendant re- turned. Defendant was fined JB1, with analyst's fee, and one-third of the inspector's train fare. David Lewis, junior, Brongest Farm, Laugharne, was also charged with a similar offence. The facts of the Inspector's evidence were the same as in the two other cases, but the amount of added water according to the analyst's report was 4 per cent. A fine of 2s. 6d., with analyst's fee and one-third of inspector's train fare, was imposed. ALLEGED USE OF EXPLOSIVES. Ben. Thomas, Vaynor; Thomas Thomas, Penlan, and William Williams, Penybont, were charged with using explosives to destroy fish. Mr. H. B. White, who appeared for the prosecu- tion on behalf of the Carmarthen Bay Board of Fishery, said he was going to call three or four witnesses, but there was no direct evidence of dynamite having been used Mr. T. R. Ludford, Llanelly, appeared for the de- fondants. George Bailey said that on the 13th March he was attending sheep in afield abutting the river Taf when he heard an explosion. On looking towards the river in the direction where he thought the sound of the explosion came from lie saw a man on the river bank looking down into the river. The man was too far away for him to identify him. On the 26th March he f'ound a dead salmon about 221bs. in the river. William David, farmer, deposed to hearing two shots about 1.30 p.m., and to seeing a man whom he could not identify near the river. Thomas Thomas gave evidence to the same effect. John Richards, rabbit catcher, said that on the day in question he was trimming fire wood when he heard two or three shots which he took to be detonators on the railway. He saw a man going over the stile near the river, and after that he heard another shot. He proceeded to the spot, and saw the three defendants standing and looking towards the river. After speaking a few words with them he went away. Wm. Williams carried a basket. Mr. Ludford-When the water bailiff called on you the second time did he say that he had not had enough, and wanted to edge you on?—Yes, sir. The Clerk—He did not say the word edge?—No. Benj. Thomas said that having been informed that sheep were trespassing on his land near the river he went down there in company with his brother. By going home they met Wm. Williams who was returning from his work. They heard shots being fired but took no notice of them. Mr. H. B. White—What times does Williams leave his work?—About one, I think. He was not on his way home was he?—Yes, sir. Did you expect to see sheep in the river?—We were not looking into the river. Thomas Thomas, who is a deacon and treasurer at Elim Chapel, corroborated, Wm. Williams also gave evidence. The Chairman, before Mr. Ludford could speak for the defence, said they were of opinion that they had nothing to go upon, and the case was dismissed.
Ammanford. lODAY, April 12th.—Before Mr. A. E. DuBuisson, Glynhir (in the chuir); Mr. Henry Herbert, Bryn- marlais; Mr. Wm. Llewellyn, Fairwater; Mr. Wm. Williams, Penygroes, and Mr. Thos. Thomas, Glanamman. TRANSFER OF LICENSE. Mrs. Parry, of the Telegraph Hotel, Ammanford, applied for a transfer of the license from her late husband to herself.—Application granted. NOT A FARMER. Having granted David Thomas, Wernvvgan Villa, Glanamman, a clog license exemption, the police now alleged that lie was not a farmer. P.C. Vincent said his principal occupation was that of a collier. The area of his holding was 4 4 acres. He did not sow seed nor grow corn, and kept neither sheep nor cattle. Defendant remarked that he had been keeping cattle, but in the present circumstances was not doing so. The Chairman told the defendant that they could not consider him as a farmer, and that he could not have an exemption. Defendant—Am I to give the land back to the landowner then? D.C.C. Evans-You must pay for a dog. AIDING AND ABETTING CASES. The adjourned cases in which the Deputy Chief Constable proceeds against Evan J. Davies and others for aiding and abetting Ugenio Cresci, re- freshment housekeeper, Ammanford, in the carrying on of his ordinary trade on the Sabbath, were men- tioned also those in which other persons are sum- moned for similarly aiding and abetting Joseph Cresci, Ga.rnant, and John Carrara, Llandebie. Mr. Hy. Noyes said he had agreed with the De- puty Chief Constable, subject to their worships' consent, that all these cases be held over once more until after the decision in the case which had been stated for the High ourt. The cases were adjourned to a date to be fixed by the Clerk. DRUNKENNESS. P.S. Richards charged Wm. Williams, of Morris- ton-place, Gwaun-cae-Gurwen, with drunkenness and disorderly conduct outside the Lamb and Flag Inn, Garnant, on the 27th ult.-He admitted the offence, and was fined 12s. TO VARY MAINTENANCE. John Morris, an underground labourer at Llan- debie Colliery, applied that the maintenance order of 10s. 6d. a week granted to his wife last Novem- ber be now varied.—Mr. Hy. Noyes appeared for applicant, and Mr. Hugh Williams for the wife. Mr. Noyes said the applicant's earning oapacity had been affected since the date of the order owing to neuritis in the left arm. Mr. Hugh Williams objected to a doctor's certi- ficate to that effect going in, and eventually the case was adjourned for a fortnight in order that the doctor might be called, and applicant's average earnings be obtained from the colliery office. PLEADED SLACK TRADE IN MITIGATION. Edwin Griffiths, Glynmoch Cottages, Glanamman, was charged with stealing 561bs. of coal, value 6d., the property of the Duffryn Amman Colliery. P.C. Vincent stated that while keeping observa- tion on the Duffryn Amman Colliery on the evening of the 24th ult., he saw the defendant at 9 p.m. on top of one of three railway truoks containing coal on the sidings. As soon as he saw witness he threw the sack to the ground, jumped down from the truck and ran away. Witness ran after him and caught him. When charged with stealing the coal, he said, This is the first time I have been here. The works have been slack lately, so I took the coal." Mr. Daniel Davies, manager, also gave evidence. Defendant, who pleaded guilty, stated that during the last 18 months he had only been working two or three turns a week. That was the reason for it all. When war broke out in August he was 10 weeks without working at all, and there was no hope of things coming better until the end of it. The galvanizing trade, in which he was engaged, was badly hit. The Chairman observed that the practice of pil- fering coal must be put a stop to. Although de- fendant had pointed out that he had been seriously affected through trade being slack, they could not pass it over. He would be fined Li. AN OLD BIRD AMONGST THE FOWLS. Wm. Evans alias David Williams, Thomas Jones, etc., of no fixed abode, said to be a native of Troedyrhiw, was charged with stealing a hen, value 3s., and 12 eggs, value Is., from under a broody hen, at Glancathan, near Pantyffynon. The evidence given showed that the hen and eggs were missed on the night of the 6th inst. from a fowlhouse near the road. That evening defen- dant had called at the house of Wm. Hy. Melville in Park-street, Pantyffynon, and the following morning he again called there and offered three- pennyworth of eggs for sale. The offer was re- fused. Later he went to the Castle Hotel, Amman- ford, and sold two eggs for a half-pint of beer to the barman. P.S. Britten, while making inquiries at Panty- ffynon on the afternoon of the 7th inst., met de- fendant on the highway proceeding towards Bettws, and, after a conversation, asked him to accompany him to Glancathan, where footprints around the fowlhouse were found to correspond with the de- fendant's boots. He was then taken into custody, and was searched at the police-station. In his right side overcoat pocket was found part of a broken egg, and a linen collar inside was stained with the yolk of an egg. When charged by the police, he said, I don't know anything about them, only that I was that way on Tuesday night." Subse- quently, he said, Don't say anything about the keys- you found on me or it would look very black against me. I have got a bad reoord." He said, Why should they leave the place all open along- side the road to their fowls and tempt people when passing At the Court he pleaded not guilty, but had nothing to say. D.C.C. Evans read out a list of fifteen previous convictions against defendant, the majority of which was for fowl stealing. The last of these con- victions was at Cardiff Assizes in March of last year, when he was sentenced to twelve months hard labour for burglary and stealing. The Chairman told the defendant that he must go to prison for three calendar months' hard labour.
Llandovery THURSDAY, April 8th (Special).—Before Aid. C. P. Lewis and Coun. T. Roberts, Crown Stores. MEAN THEFT FROM COMRADES. D.C.C. Evans preferred four charges of larceny against a navvy named Richard Stokes, who was employed in connection with the Llanelly Water- works at Llanddausant. The first case proceeded against the prisoner was that of stealing money and artioles of clothing, the property of William Stewart. Henry Webster, a storekeeper and manager at the Blaenau Huts, Llanddausant, deposed that prisoner slept in the hut on the night of the 3rd inst. The inside of the hut was divided into cubicles, with a door to each cubicle. Prisoner was in No. 36. Thirteen men were booked that night. On the morning of the 4th inst., William Stewart made a complaint to witness, and he found the prisoner was missing. William Stewart, a labourer employed at the Waterworks, said he went to bed on the evening of the 3rcl inst. at about 10 o'clock. The number of his cubicle was 42. He closed the door and placed his jacket and waistcoat on a hook near the bed. The pocket knife (produced) was in his pocket. He had 5s. lOd. in money in his pocket. The waistcoat (produced) was his property. P.C. John Thomas, of Llanddausant, said he went in search of the prisoner, and on the 4th instant traced him to Treeastle in Breconshire. After cautioning him. witness asked him where he got the waistcoat he was wearing Trom. Prisoner re- plied, I have come from Llandovery, and you have got me. I have got all the stolen property on me. It is no good denying it, but I don't know from whom I have taken it." Witness then conveyed him to the Llandovery lock-up, and found all the stolen money and articles in his possession. Prisoner was further charged with stealing money and goods, the property of George Neate. George Neate, a ganger at the Waterworks, said that on the 3rd instant he occupied cubicle 34 at the Blaenau Huts. He had 6s. 2d. in his trousers pocket when he went to bed, and placed the trou- sers at the foot of the bed. The braces produced were his property, as was also the watch chain and case produced, which he valued at lis. When he woke on the foll-owing morning, he found these missing. Another charge was preferred against prisoner for stealing money and articles, the property of David Price, a labourer at the Waterworks. David Price said that he occupied cubicle 52 on the 3rd inst. On that evening. he placed his clothes on a nail. He lost lis. in money from his box, and also a. two-foot rule. Prisoner was further charged with stealing 6s. from one Barney Roak. Barney Roak stated that he occupied cubicle 18 on the 3rd inst. When he got up the next morning he found that the pocket of his trousers had been cut, and the money missing. Stokes pleaded "Guilty" to all the charges. "Three previous convictions were put in against the ri prisoner, who said he had always committed the offences when in drink. The Chairman (Mr. C. P. Lewis) said it was, a j very bad case. The Bench sentenced the prisoner to three months' hard labour for each offence, to run consecutively, making a total of 12 months.
WELSH RADICAL MEMBERS AT VARIANCE SULKING IN THEIR TENTS." •MR. LLEWELYN WILLIAMS, M.P., AND WELSH MEMBERS. Mr. W. Llewelyn Williams, K.C., M.P., is at variance with the other Welsh Radical members over the attitude to be adopted with regard to the Welsh Church Act Postponement Bill. On Wed- nestiay night of last week he addressed a meeting at Water-street Chapel Schoolroom, Carmarthen, under the auspices of the local Liberal Association. Mr. John Lewis (Mayor) presided. Referring to his disagreement with all his Welsh colleagues at the Llandrindod conference, Mr. Llewellyn Williams said he failed to see any evi- dence that Wales was behind his thirteen colleagues. The Rhyl conference, the Cardiff oonference, the Welsh National Liberal Federation, the Glamorgan Congi egationalists, the Swansea Liberal Association, and innumerable leaders of Welsh opinion in North and South Wales repudiated the Llandrindod reso- lution. Nor was it true that he was the Govern- ment's apologist. Ever since October last he had striven with pen and voice, by public protest and private representations, to induce the Government not to re-open the question of the Welsh Church Act. The Government's startling surrender to the clericalists rook him completely by surprise. He resented as indignantly as any the way in which tho Welsh members had been ignored. But that was not the moment to indulge in feelings of pique, or even of indignation. What they had to do was to try to save the Welsh Church Act. All the Welsh members were agreed upon one thing, that Welsh disestablishment would be gravely imperilled if the Postponement Bill passed as it stood. Mr. Asquith, Mr. Lloyd George, and Mr. McKenna had met the Welsh members, and had frankly expressed their opinions. The impression which he had formed ,after hearing the three Ministers was that the Government were able and willing materially to modify the Bill. He (the speaker) had suggested, as one modification, that an alternate suspensory period should be added to Clause I., "or until the dissolution of Parliament after the termination of the war, whichever event shall first occur." If that modification were carried he believed that two objects would be attained. Every grievance alleged by the Church would be removed, while the danger of repeal would be reduced to a minimum. If he were asked what assurance he had that the Govern- ment would accept such a situation, he would rcplv that the circumstances of the political situation would compel the Government to do so. The Post- ponement Bill, as it stood, was undoubtedly an in- fringement of the Parliament Act, for it made it possible to interpose a general election before the Welsh Church Act became eperative. This breach would be obviated if the suggestion he had made were accepted. By asking the Government to accept that modification, the Welsh people would have the sympathy and support of the whole Liberal, Labour, and Irish parties, who were equally interested with themselves in keeping intact the Parliament Act. The Government could not, therefore, go on with the Bill if the whole of their supporters stood against it. Some of the Welsh members seemed to imagine that by passing the Llandrindod resolution they could bring the Government to their knees, compel them to withdraw this Bill, and introduce another after consultation with the Welsh members. He (the speaker) believed that idea to be chimerical. The Government could not in honour withdraw the Bill. That had been emphatically stated by Mr. Asquith and Mr. Lloyd George in the House ot Commons. However great might be the desire of some to humiliate the Government, and especially Mr. Lloyd George, he, for one, would be no party to such sordid tactics. He (the speaker) believed that the Government had grievously blundered in introducing the Postponement Bill, but the blunder was not wholly irreparable. He was out to save, if possible, the Welsh Church Act, and not to avenge the wounded dignity of the Welsh members. He believed that the vast majority of the Welsh people were of like mind. He would, therefore, say to the Government, Do not accept the Llandrin- dod resolution as representing the views of Welsh Liberals and Nonconformists. Look beyond the thirteen Welsh members to the hundreds of thou- sands of Welsh electors. Since the thirteen have decided to sulk in their tents, do not trouble to save their face, but save Welsh Disestablishment. The W"yJ,°,<]o 80 is by herkening to the authentic voice of Wales as expressed at Rhyl and Cardiff" (ap- plause). On the motion of Mr. David King, solicitor seconded by the Rev. E. U. Thomas, a resolution was passed, calling upon the Government either to withdraw the Postponement Bill or modify it in consultation with Welsh Parliamentary representa- tives so as to safeguard the effective operation of the Welsh Church Act at the end of the war or before another general election. A resolution was also passed congratulating Mr. Llewelyn WiHiams on his appointment as Recorder of Cardiff.
go ABERAYRON DEATH.-The Rev. T. W. Griffiths. M.A (Oxon), of Gelly, Talsarn, near Aberayron, died on Easter Sunday at Evelyn House, Aberayron, where he had lately been residing. The deceased had suffered a long illness and was buried on Thursday last at Trefilan Church, in the family vault and close to his ancestral home. There was a large and representa- tive gathering at the funeral, the deceased being well known and respected both at Talsarn and Aber- ayron. The late reverend .gentleman was a son of a former rector of Trefilan, the late Rev. David Grif- fiths, and was educated at Shrewsbury, where he obtained the Cresswell Scholarship, and subsequently graduated at Christ Church College, Oxford. He was ordained a deacon in 1872 and priest in 1873. and was 67 years of age. Amongst the mourners at the funeral were the following:—Mrs. Lewis Evans, Miss Griffiths (sisters); Mr. Atterbury Evans (nephew), Misses Kate and Jane Evans (nieces): Mr. Sinnett, Aberystwyth; Mr. J. Sinnett, Rev. Felix Lewis, Dr. E. Williams; Revs. T. M. Williams and E. Lewis. and Mr. Percy Griffiths (butler). A large number of friends and tenantry attended from the district, where deceased was much respected bv rich and poor. Chancellor D. Jones, M.A.. Lampeter; Canon Jones, Lampeter, and many other clergymen were present. The Revs. T. M. Williams and E. Lewis officiated at Evelyn House, and Revs. T. E. Edmunds and Chancellor Jones at the church and graveside. i- i
<—t Hitf m HERO'S PRAISE. Says Zam-Buk Privati A. is a Acton, Y.G. arand thing. Kept Fit by ZAM-BUK In Trying Campaign. ——— 0 HAVING just won the Y.C. for twice rescuing wounded comrades under fire at Rouges Banes, France, Pte. 10684, Abraham Acton of B Company, 2nd Border Regiment, tells to-day of the I share the well-known Zam-Buk had in his proud honour. This brave soldier, like thousands of others in France, always carries a box of Zam-Buk in his haversack. Acton knows that there is no useful bravery without physical fitness; and it is because Zam-Buk has so often con- tributed to the physical well-being of himself and his comrades, that he has tributed to the physical well-being of himself and his comrades, that he has written a letter of gratitude to the proprietors of the celebrated first-aid." "You can't place too much faith in Zam-Buk," says Pte. Acton. "I have used Zam-Buk for my feet, especially to keep Frost-bite out, and to cure Sprains; also for cleanly and quickly healing Cuts from barbed wire and other things. Zam-Buk is indeed a grand thing for every soldier on active service to carry in his haversack." AN EXPERT OPINION. The War Office Times" after noting the extensive use and success Qf Zam-Buk among our troops, wrote as follows on Fcbrvary I5th:- Zam-Buk is indispensable. Zam-Buk is the most effective alleviator of pain. not only for foot troubles, but for many other ail- ments and accidents to which officers and men on land and sea are liable. We should like to see on or two boxes of this excellent "first-aid" supplied to every man of the Expeditionary force." JKf W If you have a relative or friend rm • » at the .front or yoing, take it upon yourself to see that lie is at once provided with one. two, or three 11 lid. boxes oj Zam-Buk. They will prove invaluable in a thousand emergencies just as Zam-Buk is doing every day at home. UK ¡ Of all Clhemiet,
CARMARTHENSHIRE EDUCATION COMMITTEE SCHOOLMASTER AND A PUPIL'S HAIR. The annual meeting of the Carmarthenshire Edu- cation Committee was held at Carmarthen on Thursday of last week. when Mr. W. N. Jones, Tirydail, was re-elected clfairman, and Mr. Ben Evans, Pencader, was re-elected vice-chairman. A parent wrote complaining that his daughter had been refused admission to a certain school be- cause the child's hair was not plaited in a way that the head teacher insisted upon. He objected to having the hair done up in that fashion, as it sub- jected the child to colds and tonsilitis. A com- mittee was appointed to inquire into the matter. The Rev. A. Fuller Mills-I think it is absurd to send a committee. The master knows the rules with regard to the hair. I don't believe that plea with regard to tonsilitis is true. I don't believe the hair can affect the tonsils. Mr. Mervyn Peel—If we are going to allow school- masters to dictate fashions of dres3 and headgear, where are we going to stop? What is to prevent a schoolmaster turning a girl out of school for not wearing her hair in a certain way to suit his t aste? As long as a girl is clean and decent I don't think a schoolmaster ought to have a right to dictate in this way. The Chairman—There are no rules with regard to the matter. It was decided that it be an instruction to the local managers fro arrange the summer holidays in the best interests of the farmers. In the discussion it was stated that the summer 'holidays hitherto had come during the corn harvest, and it wag suggested, in view of the present scarcity of farm labour, that part of the holidays should be taken during the hay harvest. The Rev. E. B. Lloyd remarked that hay harvest in Carmarthenshire was far more important than the corn harvest. The number of applicants for staff vacancies in the schools showed continued dearth of teachers. For four headships there was only one applicant, while for 27 certificated and uncertificated teaoher vacancies there were only eight candidates. The estimates, submitted by Mr. P. Pearce, the county accountant, for 1915-16 were adopted. For elementary education the total was ;668.a, as against an actual expenditure last year of 263,103, the increase being due to the raising of teachers' salaries. A general elementary rate of lid. in the 2, an increase of 2d., was recommended. The higher education estimate provided for an expendi- ture of B15,237, as against an actual expenditure of £ 13,698. A higher education rate of Id. on general county assessment, and an intermediate edu- cation rate of d. were recommended. The Clerk reported on recent arbitration pro- ceedings in connection with a claim against the Committee by Mr. Stephen Walters, Whitland, in respect of a contract. It was stated that a settle- ment had been arrived at and that plaintiff with- drew the allegation of unreasonable action on the part of the County Council. The defendant agreed to pay £ 25 in full settlement of all claims arising out of the contract and to pay the arbitrator fees and costs.
LLANARTH. DEATH.—On the 31st nlt. the death took place of Mrs. Rachel Jones, Esgeronenfawr, in her 92nd year. Her remains were interred at Llandyssilio Churchyard on Saturday, the 3rd inst. The Rev. J. Davies. curate of Llanarth. officiated at the funeral. EASTER.—Services were held at the Parish Church on Easter Sunday as follows:—8.30, Holy Com- munion; 10 a.m., Matins and Holy Communion. Holy Communion was celebrated at Llanina Church j at 10 a.m. and at Mydroilyn Church at 2 p.m. The vicar and curate were the celebrants. t