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Progress of the War.

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Progress of the War. Friday. ALLIES' DARING AIRMEN Antwerp, where the Germans are busily building submarines, and Zeebrugge, already an established enemy submarine base, were visited by British air- men yesterday morning. Starting by moonlight, Flight Sub-Lieutenant Frank G. Andreae and Flig—< Lieutenant John P. Wilson attacked Antwerp and Zeebrugge respectively. The former dropped four bombs in the course of what the Admiralty describes as a successful air attack. Flight Lieutenant Wilson set out to reconnoitre over Zeebrugge. Whilst doing so he observed two submarines lying along- side the Mole, and attacked them, dropping four bombs with, it is believed, successful results." Both officers returned safely. Another air attack, made by Belgian aviators on the night of Tuesday upon the German aviation camp of Handzaeme and the railway junction of Cortemarck, was announced in yesterday's Paris communique. Paris also described incidents in the mine war- fare that is being conducted at various points on the Western front. German counter-attacks, designed to redeem the results of the recent French success in the Bois-le-Pretre, have been unavailing. There our Allies took 140 prisoners, of whom three were officers. A French steamer, the Emma, was sunk by tor- pedo from a German submarine on Wednesday afternoon off Beachy Head. No warning was given. Of the crew of 19, all but two-rescued by a de- stroyer after they had been 1 hours in the water- were drowned. Lord Kitchener is among the first to respond to the King's appeal on the subject of drink and muni- tioM of war contained in his Majesty's letter to Mr. Lloyd George, which was published yesterday. The Secretary for War has issued instructions that for the remainder of the war no alcoholic drink is to be used in his household. Saturday. # GERMAN THREATS Communications between the Governments of Great Britain and Germany, by way of Washington, as to the treatment of German submarine crews held prisoners in this country were published yesterday by the Press Bureau. The German Government pro- tested against the British Admiralty's decision not to accord to officers and crews of German submarines who have become prisoners the treatment due to them as prisoners of war." It added the threat that for each member of the crew of a submarine made prisoner a British Army officer held prisoner of war iin Germany will receive corresponding harsher treatment." m Sir Edward Grey in his reply conend to no threat of retaliation- He contented himself with the recital of certain facts. They are that German prisoners from submarines are being better fed and clothed than British prisoners of equal rank in Germany; that they were engaged be-fore capture in sinking innocent British and neutral merchant ships and in "wantonly killing non-combatants"; and that they cannot therefore be regarded as honourable opponents, but as persons who, at the orders of their Government, have offended against the law of nations and common humanity. The reply concludes with a crushing reminder that during the war our sailors have rescued from the sea. more than 1,000 officers and men of the German Navy. These rescues have involved, sometimes danger to our men, sometimes prejudice to British naval operations. Not a single officer or man of the Royal Navy has been rescued by the Germans. 14, A communique issued in Petrograd yesterday de- scribed in considerable detail operations on the Eastern frontiers. The main fighting has again been west of the Niemen and in the Carpathians. In both quarters the Russians are pressing forward. Heavy fighting is taking place for the mastery of the Uszok Pass of the Carpathians, and here the Russians are carrying successive ridges under condi- tions of great difficulty. The Austrian^* have brought reinforcements against the Russian right in this region, but they have been repulsed with heavy losses. The Times" special correspondent with the Russian Armies describes the conditions in Priemvsl at its surrender. While the officers of the garrison lived in luxury at hotels their men felt the last extremities of starvation, buying for food cats and dogs at famine prices. 1 Monday. BULGARIANS RAID SERBIA Bands of Bulgarians have made a raid into Serbia and have been met by Serbian troops. Considerable fighting has occurred, the Serbians reporting about 60 killed and many wounded. The Bulgarian raiderg are said to have worn military uniforms. Their attack was repulsed by a Serbian regiment, and they were driven from the field, carrying their wounded with them. Official reports continue to give exoellnt accounts of the Russian advance in the Carpathians. The communique issued in Petrograd on Saturday showed that more progress has been made, particu- larly in the direction of the Uszok Pass. "The Times" correspondent with the Russian forces describes in a dispatch published to-day the desperate fighting in the Dukla Pass of the Car- pathians. He reports that the defence of the Car pathians is the last effort that Austria-Hungary can muster, and that if her troops fail there nothing can prevent a Russian invasion of Hungary. There has again been little activity on the Wes- tern front. Yesterday's afternoon communique said bluntly that there was "nothing to report." Tuesday. SERIOUS DAMAGE Bi ALLIES' AIRMEN The King commanded that after to-day no wine, spirits, or beer shall be consumed in any of his houses. Petrograd issued yesterday a communique which throws a good deal of light on the fighting in the Carpathians. From Bartfeld, south-east of the Dukla Pass, and eastwards along the front between the Meso Laborcz and Uzsok Passes there has been very heavy fighting, the Russians everywhere going forward and making many prisoners. The Russian Fleet, says the same announcement, has been en- gaged, at long range, in the Black Sea off the Crimea coast, with the Goeben and the Breslau, which were pursued until darkness set in and then attaoked under cover of night by Russian torpedo- boats. The place where this attack was made is stated to be 100 miles from the Bosporus. Paris again reported yesterday nothing of im. portance on the Western front. The communique had, however, an unusual interest as establishing the results of the British air raid in Belgium on March 26. Information has reached the French authorities which shows that an airship shed at Berghen-Sainte- Agathe was seriously damaged, as was the airship inside it. At Hoboken, near Antwerp, where the Germans were building submarines, the shipbuilding yard was set on fire, two submarines destroyed, and a third damaged. Forty German workmen were killed and 62 wounded. Three more victim of the German submarine blockade" have to be reported. They are the British steamers Olivine and City of Bremen, and the Russian vessel Hermes. The crews of the Olivine and the Hermes were rescued. In the case of the City of Bremen four men were drowned, but the captain and 12 of the crew were landed at Pen- zancc. Thursday A French official statement places the number of German officers lost before March 15th at 1,275. German submarines have claimed two more "victories." They sank the Cardiff steamer North- lands and the Grimsby trawler Acoutha. The Russians report having made further great progress in the Carpathians. Considerable achieve- ments are also claimed by the Belgians and the French on the Western Front. The" Times correspondent at Washington states that American opinion is very bitter against Ger- many in regard to the sinking of the liner Falaba.

WAR JOTTINGS

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