THE SHEEP. From the Welsh of Daniel Drill. in GminUan y Bardd," pageZlS.) How harmless. gentle sheep. art thou!- In every breast that's teniler, Thy mien, to wards thee, a feeling doth Of put est love engender. No weapon thine for thy defence. When thy fieice foes anions thee — Nor horn, nor hoof, the dog to str.ke, When seeking to destroy thee. Nought, norght, but slew and feehle flight Is the poor More fleet than it is every cur, When swiftest its direction And when its lit :le lamb doth fail To follow it, !oud bleating; II will not leave the tender thing, To death itself devoting! And on the ground its foot will stamp, With purest feelings glowing And hundred times, at sight of this, I've felt my eves overflowing. Bttt though sharp teeth, nor hoof, nor horn, Kind Nalnre has not given Yet there is one thing still its own, In value more than even. Peculiarly it succours man. When wounded with affliction; It has wherewith well to reward His care and kind prolectillll. I teive, what is of greater worth Than r'whes' ores of silver Or gold, which in abundant store Fair India's lands deliver. „ To man it warm protection gives From angrv storms when blowing f And from the rain, when pelting sore, And cold the air is growing. At night in pleasant bed, In blanket warm we sleep And who this blessing freely gives— Who, but (tie gentle street) Let's keep in mind the sheep s0 good, When wint'ry storms ,ire I)lo%vin,- When beats the rain, and we are warm; Onr tenderest care bestow ing. lis dress to us protection gives, Whilst by some hedge'tis trembling;— 1 The be>t «pot always let us shew The Flock for rest assembling. T. J. RrJnytnaen, Oct. 7th, 1831.
HOUSE OF LORDS, Tuesday, Oct. 18. The Lord Chancellor presented petitions from various parts of Scotland, in favour of Reform. His Lordship took tiiat occasion to express his regret at the delay that had bee,, thrown in the way of the progress of a Bill to abolish the useless Exchequer Court in Scotland, and to render the Judges therein, if they retained their offices and salaries, of strne service to the public. The Commons referred it to a select Committee, and thereby defeated the Bill, though the r.selessness of the Court %i a-i as evident as is (lie light of tite s,,i!i at o(i,)ndty.-Ilis Loi-(ihil) itidui,!ecl in the following happv vein of Iroo) I find there is nothing so disa- greeable as to succeed another in place, except that of being succeeded by him —(hear, and laughter.) It is, my Lords, most painful to us to see our successors take our places, and it must be admitted that there is a great deal to make a man angry with himself, with the world, and, most oF tll, with the person who succeeds him, when he beholds another settled in his seat, and no prospect in view of displacing him and of succeeding his stiecessor-(heir, Hnd laughter.) For my own part, I cannot help feeling much compassion, and of making every allowance for those who are left in 'hat comfortless situation, without any con- solation from present enjoyment or from future hope to cheer their bleak and mournful seclusion.—(hear, and laughing.) My noble friend near me, and 1 who have spent long years removed from office, had so many projects of Reform, so many plans of benefit, not only for all classes of his Majesty's subjects, but for all the world, to console us in our ietreat, that our spirits never flagged, and Hope still warmed UJ with her riys-(Iieir) but those arf-- in- (ifed to be pitied who have no other warmth than the agita- tion of their own angry feelings, who have no other light than the narrow gleam which cheats them from afar, and gU-ps them a glimmer of doubtful futurity—(Hear, hear.) The Vestry Bill, in its amended, or altered form, worked its way through the Committee, was reported to the House, and it is to be read a third time this day.—After which a message ftom the Commons returned to their Lordships the Bankruptcy Court Bill, which had just been read a third time and pa-sed, after renewed denunciations in the Com- mons from Sir C. Wetlierell, as to the false. deceptive, and unju t character" of the said Bill, and "every part thereof." nevertheless and notwithstanding all that might --be said 1,) iie coi)trtry.- Adjourned. WEDNESDAY, OCT. 19. On the motion of the Duke of Richmond, the standing orders were suspended, and the churchwardens and over- seers of the poor bill was read a third time and passed. Lord Wharncliffc, with reference to what had been said by the Ouke of Wellington on a previous evening, respect- ing the public not deriving any benefit from the repeal of the duty on coals, stated that the coal owners had made no profit through the duty being taken off, but had in tact lost money in consequence of a strike made by the workmen, and their succeeding in obtaining an advance of wages. The Vestry Bill was read a third time and passed. On the motion of the Lord Chancellor, the amendments made in the Bankruptcy Court Bill were agreed to-his Lordship observing, that if the motion of the retiring pen- sion clause should be found to have the effect of preventing the country from obtaining the services, as Judges in this Court, of men of sufficient respectability and of competent ability, it would become necessary again to introduce such an c n a c t in ? n r, On a motion made by the Diike of Bticcleugh for a return relative to the Court of Exchequer in Scotland, which was agreed to, The Lord Chancellor took the opportunity of stating his intention of devoting a great portion of the time which wUllldshortly he at his command to the consideration of further improvements in the law of debtor and creditor. In reply to the Earl of Hardwicke, who hoped that some provision "ould be made to affect those persons who reo mained out of the country in possession of property which belonged to their creditors, The Lord Chancellor said the subject was of great im- portance, and it should have his best consideration. THURSDAY, OCT. 20. The doors were opened soon after twelve o'clock, for the admission of Peeresses, who on this occasion sat in the body of the House. The additional galleries were also oc- cupied by ladies in splendid costume. At half-past two o'clock the King entered the House, attended by the Offi- cers of State, and took his seat on the Throne. The Usher of the Black Rod having requested the attend- ance of the Commons, the Speaker, accompanied by Lord Alfhwp-. appealrtthe Bar. The Speaker, holding the Appropriation Bill in his hand, then addressed his Majesty as follows:- ik May it please your MajeFt.v-We, your Majesty's faith- ful Commons, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, attend your Majesty at the close ofa Session unu- sually protracted; and, Sire, amid difficulties and anxiety, both within and without the walls of Parliament, and la- bonrsunprecedenterl in any former Session, we presume to hope thai we have discharged our duties as faithful Repre- sentatives of the Commons of the United Kingdom, and as loyal and devotedly attached subjects of your Majesty. •Sire, the Bill which I have now to present is entitled, An Act to apply the sum of £ 1,8CO,OCO out of the Consolidated ,Fund, to the service of tile year 1831, and to appropriate the supplies granted in this Session of Parliament.' to which, with all humility, we pray your Majesty's Royal Assent." The Royal Assent was then given to-the Act brought up .bv the Speaker, and to the following Acts :-The Duties on flops BiH, Distillation of Spirits (Ireland) Bill, Valuation of Lands (Ireland) Bill, Military Accounts (Ireland) Bill, Embankment (Ireland) Bill, Bankruptcy Court Bill, Ad. verse Claims in Courts of Law Bin, Select Vestry (England and Wales) Bill, and the lnclosure of Crown Lands Bill. His Majesty then read the following Speech in a firm tone, pronouncing the concluding paragraph with a very marked eropliasis My Lords and Genlumen, I am at length enabled to put an end to a Session of unexampled duration and labour, in which matters of the deepest interest have been brought under your conidera- "1 have felt sincere satisfaction in confirming by my Roy- al Assent the Bills for the amendment of the Game Laws, aal1 for the reduction of taxes which pressed heavily on the inlerests nf my people; and I have observed with no less pleasure, the commencement of important improvements in the law of Bankruptcy, from which the most beneficial ef- fects may be expected. "I continue to receive the most gratifying proofs of the friendly disposition of Foreign Powers. The Conference assembled in London has at length ter- minated its difficult and laborious discussions by an atrange- ment unanimous!* agreed upon by the Plenipotentiaries of the Five Powers for the separation of the States of Holland and Belgium, oa tmns hy which the interests of both, toge- ther with the future security of other countries, have been carefully provided for. A treaty founded on this arrangement has been pre- sented to the Dutch and Belgian Plenipotentiaries, and, I trust, that its acceptance by the respective Courts, w hich 1 anxiously expect, will avert the dangers by which the peace of Europe was threatened whilst this question re- mained unsettled. Gt:ntlemen of the,lloti,qe ofCommon! I thank you foi the provision made for the future dig- nity and comfort of my Rnyil Consort, in the event of her surviving me; and for tie supplies you have granted for (heserviceofthe present year. You may he assured of my anxious care to have them administered with the strictest attention to a wel -considered economy. "Tlie slate iif Europe has made it necessary to incur in the various establishments of the public servicean increased expenditure, which il will he my earnest desire to reduce whenever it can be done with safety to the interests of the country. In the mean time I have the satisfaction of re. fleeting that these demands have been provided for without any material addition to the public burdens. Alg Lords and Gentlemen, "In the. interval of repose which may now be afforded to you, lam sure it is unnecessary for me to recommend to you the most careful attention to the preservation of Iran. quillity in your resl)ectiv(- cotinties, The iiixi.vty %viiic;; has been so generally manifested by t#v ppaple for the ac- complishment of a constitutional reform in the Commons House of Parliament, will, I trust, be regulated by a due sense of the necessity of ol der and moderation in their pro- ceedings. "To the consideration of this important question the at- tention of Parliament must necessarily again be called at the opening of the ensuing session and you may be aured of my unaltered desire to promote its settlement by such improvements in the representations may be found neces- sary for securing to my people the full enjoyment of their rights, which in combination with those of the other orders of the State, are essential to the support of our free consti- tution." Then the Lord Chancellor, by his Majesty's command, said- lrly Lords and Gentlemen, It is his Majesty's Royal will and pleasure that this Parliament be prorogued to Tuesday the 22d dtv tif No. vember next, to be then here holden and this Parliament is accordingly prorogced to Tuesday the 22d day of No- vember next." His Majesty then left the House, and was accompanied on his return by the same enthusiastic cheering with which lie had been received on his passage dow n to the House o' Peers.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, Tuesday, Oct. 18. A good deal of conversation took place, on the presenta- tion of a petition by Mr. Hunt retit-ciing on the conduct of the Bishops for the votes they gave against the Reform Bill. Colonel Evans thought the liberty and spiritual welfare of the people otil(i be promoted by the exclusion of the Bishops from the House of Lords: but it being ruled by the Speaker that it was against received regulations to question the votes of Members of the other House, the petition was eventually withdiawn. Colonel Siblhorp afterwards moved for returnx respect- in the convictions for sheep stealing, hoist--steziling, &c., which were ordered to he prepared. Inquiry respecting Ihe cause of Earl Howe'. dismissal from (he office of Chamberlain to the Queen was renewed by Mr. A. Trevor; and he read a letter from that Noble Lord, in which his Lordship stated that he had his Majesty's permission to vote as he pleased. In reply to the inquiry whether Lord Howe was dismissed for his vote on the Re. form Bill, the Chancellor of the Exchequer declined giving an answer, as it would he contrary to duty to assign reasons for this exercise of the King's prerogative. Sir R. Vyvyan asked, as it was mentioned in the public papers that the cholera was only 36 hours' distanee from this country—namely, Hamburgh, whether Government had taken any additional measures in consequence of such intelligence ? Mr. P. Thompson replied that, on receipt of the intelli- gence, instructions were given to enforce the quarantine laws with the utmost strictness. He added, that an order would appear in the Gazette, directing the pubtie attention to what appeared to the Board of Health to be the best precautions. Mr. Warburton expressed a hope that allfhéprecautions which human wisdom could devise to prevent the introduc- tion of this calamity would be adopted. In answer to inquiry from Mr. Hume, it appeared, from Mr. Thompson's statement, that we have medical men at Hamburgh (011 their return from St. Petershurgh) to watch the progress, and examine the character, of the disease. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said he should not pro- pose the adjournment of the House over to-day, as previ- ously intended, as the Vestries Bill, with amendments, was to be brought from the Lords. The House afterwards, with the aid and concession of Sir C. Wetherell, passed the Bankruptcy Court Bill.- Adjourned. WEDNESDAY, OCT. 19. A Ion,, conversation took place upon a petition presented by Mr. Hume from the Birmingham Political Union, pray- ing an address to the King for the creation of a number of new Peels; and, in the event of a rejection of a second reform bill, that a new Parliament might he called upon the principles of election and franchise laid down in the late hill. Ultimately the petition was ordered to lie upon the table, and to be printed. The Vestry Bill was returned from the Lords, and, on the motion of Mr. G. Lamb, the amendments wereagreed to. Sir R. Vvyan inquired respecting any communication that might have been received relative to the cholera mor- I;us at Hamburgh. Mr. Poulett Thomson stated that, according to tlie latest accounts, the cases of attack of the cholera at Hamburgh, amounted in number to 55,of which 31 had had fatal results, 22 were favourable and convalescent end two had been cured. He repeated that every possible precaution had been taken. Col. Evans withdrew his intended motion respecting the prorogation having heard from quarters upon whirh,though not official, he could place reliance, that the re-assembling of Parliament would not be postponed beyond the first; week in December. Lord Althorp declined making any statement upon the subject, but said his Majesty's Ministers were pledged to bring forward a measure of reform as efficient as that which had been rejected, and it was their anxious desire to take such steps as, in their judgment, would best tend to its ac- complishment. THURSDAY OCT. 20. Col. Evans presented a petition from John Chick, of Windsor-court, in the pari-h of Mary-le-Slrand, praying the House to Address his Majesty to create 100 new Peers, or as many as may he necessary to ensure the passing of the Reform Bill; also that the Bishops should not be permitted any longer to sit in the House of Lords. The Hon. and Gallant Member entirely concurred in thepetition, It ap- peared that of Ihe number of Lord Lieutenants, thirty-three had voted against Reforati-and twelve f,%r it. The power of the Lord Lieutenants in this country was well known. They had the power of creating Deputy Lieutenants and Magistrates,and if Government did not take means to de- stroy that influence thev would be wanting in the duty they owe themselves and to the country at large, relative to the Reform Bill. As to the removal of the Bishops from the House of Peers, he declared that he had never yet heen able to understand what benefits had been derived from political episcopacy. Mr. Hume-said, theie was one part of the Hon. and Gal- lant Colonel's-statement of great importance. Some little mistrust was felt in the country regarding his Majesty's Mi- nisters, which was solely caused by their keeping in office those who were opposed to their measures. If they would take the advice of such an humble individual as he was, they would in forty hours remove every Lord Lieutenant who voted against ihem from his office. This might becalled a strong measure but strong and efficient measures were absolutely necessary. Ministers, from the responsible situ- ation they were in, might think themselves at liberty to take that view of the subject; that was the view taken by a large portion of the country, and if peace and harmony were to be restored, every means should be adopted to en- sure their restoration immediately. Another reason was, that those who opposed the Bill reposed ikegreiiiest confi. dence in those of their friends who held various offices; they should be removed without delay that and the speedy as- sembling of the Parliameut would tend much to create sa. lisfaction in the country. Sir C. Foi bes could assure Hon. Members that such ad- vice, if followed, would excite great disgust in the country towards the Reform Bill-that Bill which he denounced as a revolutionary measure. He deprecated the removal by l rl, he Ministers of Lord Howe from his office of Cham berh. in to her Majesty, contrary to the wishes of their Majesties— at least so the public were given to understand through the ordinary channels of information. Sir F. Burdett said it was the duty, the imperative duty of his Majesty's Mini-ters to fay aside every other consi- deration in favour of the question of Reform. The Hon. Baronet CSir C. Forbes) had most unnecessarily introduced their M«jesties's names. But if it were true that the dis- missal of Earl Howe was contrary to his Majesty's feelings, it was another proof of the sacrifice which his Majesty was ready to make to secure the peace and harmony of the country. It showed also the determination and firmness of his Majesty's Ministers. Here Sir T. Tyrwhitt, Usher of the Black Rod, command- ed their attendance to the House to the Lords, and the speaker immediately proceeded thither. On his return the Right Hon. Gent, acquainted the House that his Majesty had given the Royal assent to several Bills, and then read a copy of his Majesty's Speech; after which the Members v left ihe House.
THE CHOLERA MORBUS. The Asiatic Cholera is extending its ravages in a most frightful and awful manner. It is stated that upwards of 120,000 persons h ive perished in Hungary under its inflic- tion, though it has bet n little more than four months in that country. It is still proceeding to thin the population of Betlin, and Vienna, though its virulence is abated. It is still lurking at Petersburgh, and it has broken out at Ham- burgh. The Mahomedan pilgrims from Persia carried it to the tomb of (he Prophet at Mecca, whence it has spread through Egypt, ravaging the whole conntry. It has gotten into Syria and Jerusalem, as well as Aleppo, and Damascus is infected. It has come down to Alexandria, and forced the Pasha into one of his ships of war. Thence taking the line of coast, it has attacked all the cities on the sea, and it has appeared in Constantinople with the utmost virulence, accompanied with the plague.—God,' in his mercy, avert it ft 0111 these shafes The London Gazette, of Friday evening, contains the fol- lowing document, the serious importance of which is a Suf- ficient excuse for its insertion in this Journal:- At the Council-Chamber, Whitehall, the 20111 day of Octo- ber, 1831, bv a Committee of the Lords of his Majesty's Most Hon. Privy Council. Their Lordships this day look into consideration certain rules and regulations proposed by the Board of Health, for the purpose of preventing the introduction and spreading of the disease called the cholera morbus in the Unite King- dom, together with an account of the symtoms and treat. ment of the said disease and were pleased'to order that the same be printed and published in The Gazette. W. S. BATHURST. The measures of external precaution for preventing the introduction of the cholera morbus by a rigorous quaran- tine, have hitherto been found effectual, but as the disease approaches the neighbouring shores, not only is the necessi- ty of increased vigilance more apparent, but is also consis- tent with common prudence that the country should be pre- pared to meet the possible contingency of so dreadful a calamity The quarantine regulations arc sufficient, it is confidently hoped, to prevent the disorder from being com- municated through any intercourse with the continent in tiie regular channel of trade or passage, but they cannot guard against its introduction by means of the secret and surreptitious intercourse which is known to exist between the coast of E igland and the opposite shores. The magistrates, the clergy, and all persons resident on the coast, it is hoped, will endeavour to impress upon the population of their dif- ferent districts (& particularly of the retired villages along the sea shore,) the danger to which they expose themselves in engaging in illicit intercourse with persons coming from the Continent; and should appeal to their fears, in warn- ing them of the imminent risk which they incur by holding any communication with smugglers, and others who may evade the quarantine regulations. To meet the other objects adveltell to in the introduction, —namely, to prepare for the possible contingency of the country being visited by this disorder, as well as to assist in its prevention, it is recommended that in every town and village, commencing with those on the coast, there should be established a local board of health, to consist of the chief and oilier magistrates, the clergyman of the pa- rish, two or more physicians or medical practitioners, and three or more of the principal inhabitants; and one of the medical members should he appointed to correspond with the Board of Health in London. Kvery large town should be divided into districts, having a district committee of two or three members, one of whom should be of the medical profession, to watch over its health, and to give tl-te eirliest information to the Board of Health in the town, whose in- structions they will carry into effect. As the most effectual means of preventing the spreading of ani peslilence has always been found to he the immedi. ate separation of the sick from the licalths., it is of the ut- most importance that the very first case of cholera which may appear, should be made known as early as possible concealment of the sick would not only endanger the safely of the public, but (as srtccess in the treatment of the cholera has been found mainly to depend on medical assistance hav- ing been given in the earliest stage of the disease) would likewise deprive the patient of his best clianes ot recovery. To carry into effect the separation of the sick from the healthy, it would be very expedient that one or more houses should be kept in view in each town or its neighbourhood, as places to which every case of the disease, as soon as de- tected, might be removed, provided the family of the af. fected person consent to such removal, & in case of refusal, a conspicuous mark (" Sick") should be placed in front of the hotiqe, to warn persons that it is in quarantine: and even when persons with the disease shall have been remov- ed, and the house shall have been purified, the word Cau- tion" should be substituted, as denjting suspicion of the disease, and the inhabitants of such house should not be at libeity to move out or communicate with other persons until, by the authority of the local board, the mark shall have been removed. In some towtu it may be found possi- ble to appropr ate a public hospital to this, purpose, or should any barrack exist in the neighbourhood, it might, under the authority of the Commander of the Forces, be similarly applied. Wherever it may be allowed to remove the sick from their habitations to the previously selected and detached buildings, the houses from which they have been so removed, as well as the houses in which the sick have chosen to re- main, should be thoroughly purified in the following man- tier:-Dec,-ived arlicl(! such as rags, cordage, papers, old 'C'1 rlothes, hangings, should he burnt; filth of every descrip- tion removed, clothing and furniture should be submitted to copious effusions of water, and boiled in a strong ley: drains and privies thoroughly cleansed by streams of water and chloride of lime ablution of wood work should be performed by a strong ley of soap and water; the walls of the house, from the cellar to the garret, should be hot lime- washed, all lose and decayed pieces of plastering should be removed. Free and continued admission of fresh air to all parts of the house and furniture should be enjoined for at least a week. It is impossible to impress too strongly the necessity o.f extreme cieant ness and free ventilation they are points of the very greatest importance, whether in the houses of the sick, or generally as a measure of precaution. It is recommended that those who may fall victims to this formidable disease, should be buried in a detached ground in the vicinity of the house that may have been se- lected for the reception of cholera patients. By this regu- lation it is intended to confine, as much as possible, every source of infection to one spot; on the same principle, all persons who may be employed in the removal of the sick from their own houses, as well as all those who may attend upon cholera patieuls in the capacity of nurses, should live apart from the retiof the community. All articles of food, or other necessaries required by the family, should be plac- ed in front of the house, and received by one of the inhabi- tants of the house, after the person delivering them shall have retired. Until the tliae during which the contagion of cholera lies dormant in the human frame has been more accurately as- certained, it will be necessary, for the sake of perfect se- curity, that convalescents from the disease, and those who have had any communication with them, should be kept under observation for a period of not less than twenty days. The occupiers of each bobse, where the disease may occur, or be supposed to have occurred, are enjoined to report the fact immediately to the local board of health in the town where I hev reside, in order that the professional merobersof such board may immediately visit, report, and if permitted to do so, cause the patient to be removed to the place allot. ted fr the sick. All intercourse with any infected town. and the neighbouring country, must be prevented by the best means within the power of the magistrates, who will have to make regulations for the supply of provisions. Other measures, of a more coercive nature, may be ren- dered expedient for the common safety, if unfortunately so fatal a disease should ever show itself in this country in the terrific way in which it has appeared in various pa-ti of Europe; and it may become necessary to draw troops, or a strong body of police, around infected places, so as utterly to exclude the inhabitants from all intercourse with the country; and we feel sure what is demanded for the common safety of the state will always be acquiesced in with a willing submission to the necessity which im- poes it. The Board particularly invites attention to a fact con. firmed by all the communications received from abroad,- viz., tha< the poor, ill-fed. and unhealthy part of the po- pulation, and especially those who have been addicted to drinking spirituous liquors, and indulgence in irregular ha- bits, have been the greatest sufferers from this disease, and the infection has been most virulent, and has soared more rapidly and extensively in the districts of towns where the streets are narrow., anc the population crowded, and where little or no attention has been paid to cleanliuess and venti- lation.
BOARD OF HEALTH COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, OCT. 20. —The following are the early synipiomsof the disease in its most marrked forms, as it occurred to the observation of Dr. Russell and Dr. Barry,at St. Petersburgh, corroborated by the accounts from other places where the disease has prevailed -Giddiness, sick stomach, nervous agitation, .iiiierinilent, slow, or small pulse, cramps beginning at the tops of the ifngers and toes, and rapidly approaching the trunk, give the first warning. Vomiting or purging, or both these evacuations, of a liquid like rice-water, or whey, or barley-water, come on the features become sharp and contracted, the eyes sinks, the look is expressive of terror and wildness; the lips, face, neck, hands, and feet, and soon after the thighs, arms, and whole surface, assume a leaden, blue, purple, black, or deep brown tint, according to the complexion of the individual, varying in shade to the intensity of the attack. The fingers .and toes are reduced in size, the skin and soft parts covering them are wrinkled, shrivelled, and folded; the nails put on a blueisli pearly- white the larger superficial veins are marked bv flat lines of a deeper black; the pulse becomes either small as a thread, and scarcely vibrating, or else totally extinct. The skin is deadly cold, and often damp, the tongue always moist, often white and loaded, but flabby and chilled, like a piece of dead flesh. The voice is nearly gon< the respi- ration quick, irregular, and imperfectly performed. The patient speaks in a whisper; he struggles for breath, anil often lays his hand on his heart to point out the seat of his distress. Sometimes there are rigid spasms of the legs, thighs, and loins. Thesecretion ofurine is totally suspended; vomitings and purgings, which are far from being the most important or dangerous symptoms, and which, in a very great number of cases of the disease have not been profuse, or have been arrested by medicines early in the attack, suc- ceed. All means tending to restore the circulation and maintain the warmth of the body should be had recourse to without delay., The patients should atways immediately be put to bed, wrapped up in hot blankets,' anJfwarmlh should he sustained by other external applications; such as repeated frictions with flannels and camphorated spirits; poultice of mustard and linseed (equal parts) to the stomach, particularly where pain and vomiting exist; similar poul- tices to the feet and legs, to restore theirwarmth. The returning heat of the body may be piomoted by bags con- taining hot salt or bran applied to diftVreut parts of it. For the same purpose of restoring and sustaining the cirettlatioii, while wine w hev, with spice, hot brandy and water, or sal volatile, in the dose of a teaspoonful in hot water, fre- quently repeated, or from five to twenty drops of some of the essential oils, as peppermint, cloves, or cajeput, in a wine-glass of water, may be administered with the same view, where the stomarh II ill bear it, warm hro:h with spice may be employed. In every severe ca^e, or where medical aid is difficult to be obtained, from O to 40 drops of laudanum may be given, in any of the warm drinks pie- v oils y recommended. These simple means are prope-ed as re.LOU ces in the incipient stage of the disease, where mC- dical aid has not yet been obtained. In reference to the further means to be adopted in the treatment of this disease, it is necessary to Hate, that no specific remedy has yet been ascertained nor has any planofcure been sufficiently com- mended by success to warrant its express recommendation from authority. HENRY HALFORD, President of the Board. The rules and regulations proposed by the Hoard of Health for the prevention or alleviation of the dreadful disease with which we are now threatened, having been promulgated by order of Government, parish meetings should be held immediately for the purpose of deciding on the adoption of those means by which the virulence of the disease may be mitigated if not whotty avoided. Commit- tees of the most active inhabitants should be appointed at th')S2 meetings, to direct and superintend the daily cleansing of the narrow slreels and allelS of their respective parishes. The principal part of London is cleansed by contract, and the state of the streets, especially those inhabited by the poorer class, where decayed vegetables and all descriptions of filth are allowed to accumulate for several day: in the centre of the road, evidently prove how inefficiently that duty is performed. The water that is allowed to escape through the different drains would, if properly applied, he sufficient to wash most of the streets in the City and the plugs which afforded a supply for wateting the streets dur- ing the summer might be employed for the same purpose. Collections of manure and sweepings at wharfs, public lay stalls, & markets, should be constantly removed & an increased number of scavengers placed at the disposal of the parish committees would insure the perforn.ance of these necessary precautions for public safely, at the same time that the poor would be benefitted by employment at a period wilen there is but little demand for their services. Not an hour should be lost in, organizing a system, to be acted up with vigour on the first indications of the disease. When once its symptoms have appeared, it will be impos- sible to act with that promptness and decision that is re- quired to admit of any chance of arresting its direful pro- gress.-The Times.
BANKRUPTS. FROM TUESDAYS GAZETTE. i L. Lewfs, PiJccadUly, glass dealer. f John Joifes, Wfiiteeluspel, stationer. R. Newman, Old Cavendish-street, victualler. Jas. Fox, Gravesend, cheese-monger. Richd. Strong, St. George's in the East, baker. G. J. Shilbeek and J. Slater, King-street, Cheapside, and of Manchester, warehousemen. Edward Sampson, Oxford-street, straw-hat-manufacturer. J. Ravvling, of Kelton-Mill, Cumberland, miller. Thos. Scott, Manchester, commission-agent. Christ. Cattle, of Whixley, Yorkshire, cattle-dealer. Wm. Booth, Salford, Lancashire, grocer. Chas. Roberts, Liverpool, miller. Thos. H. Webster, Forebridge, Staffordshire, builder. R. T. Glyn, Llantrisscnt, Glamorganshire, cattle-dealer. Wm Shaw, Huddersfield, victualler. Sarah Cox, of Bath; boarding-housekeeper. Thos. Hat per, Stroud, coal-dealer and wharfinger. FROM FRIDAY'S GAZETTE. Peter R. Lewis, Kent-terrace, Regent's-park, victualler. J. A. G. D'Oliveira aud F. G. B'Oliveira, Old Jewry, merchants. Jas. Sheppard, Lechdale, Gloucestershire, baker. Jos. Firth, Manchester, cotton-spinner. Rd. P. Jackson, Liverpool, sail-maker. Win. Prentice, High-street, Sonthwark, iron-monger. DJ. and C. Hope. Manchester, silk-manufacturers. Geo. H. Rickards, Cowley-road, Brickton, wine-merchant. Robt. Dnnell, St. John's-street, Smithfield, corn-dealer. Sam. Appleing, Spital-square, silk-manufacturer. Jas. Harris, Plymouth, painter. Robt. and Chas. Burr, Manchester-square, upholsterer. Robt. V. Dawson, ChiswHI-street, Finsbnry, surgeon. Thos. and Joshua J. Johtiscn, Sonthwark, carpenters. INSOLVENTS. Win. H. Kemster, of Kingston-upon-Thames, wine-mer- chant—Tlio^. Kuight, Edgeware Middlesex, victualler.
MARKETS. MARK-LANE, OCT. 24. Last week we had a small arrival of Foreign Grain, and a moderate supply of Grain and Flour coastways; the sup* ply this morning was small, and confined to land carriage samples from Kcut and Essex. Fine English Wheat met ready sale at an advance of from Is. to 2s. per quarter on the quotation of last Monday; and free Foreign was in more general demand, and 2s. per quarter dearer for the finest samples, but there was no advance on the stale and inferior sorts. Ilai-ley filli), supported the terms of this day se'ni)igllt- There is no alteration ill the price of Flonr. White and Grey Pease are 2s. per quarter dearer, and old Beans were free ale at an advance of Is. per quarter. The Oat trade was very brisk, but the terms of this day week iei-e fully supported. Mark-Lane." A. SCRIVENER, Jun. Wheat 50s to 72^ Rye 34> to 38j Barley 30, to 36, Malt 54s to 64s Oitts t s to 27s Polands 20, to 26; White Peas 38s to 46s ——grey 37s to 42s Tick Beans 36s to Harrow ditto.. 40s to 4Bj PRICE OF FLOUR. Per Sack of Five Bushels. nrSflfUAs. Fine English Flour 50's to 60s | Second 38s. to 48, Price of Hops in the Borough. POCKETS £ s. £ Farnham 6 0 to 1(1 10 Kent I 15 to 6 6 Sussex 3 15 lo 5 0 Essex 4 4 to 6 6 Sussex 3 15 lo 5 0 Essex 4 4 to 6 6 HAGS £ s. -0 s. Kent I 10 to 6 6 Sussex. 4 0 to 4 16 Kfsex 4 4 to 5 5 Old ditto ,0 0 to 0 0 SMITHFIELD, OCT. 24. There has been a pretty active demand in the Beef trade this morning, and the finest Scots have been sold at from 4s. to 4s. fid, per stone. In Mutton, the best Downs sell tor 4s. to 4s. IOJ. per stone and the best Veal obtain- ed 4s. 6d. to 5s. per stone. In Pork, Dairy-fed Porkers fetched from 5s. to 5s. 4d. per stone, with a fair demand. Beasts, 3,115.-S-h eep; 20,340.Pigs, 200. -Calves, 152. Price of Meat, exclusive of the Offal, per Stone of Bills. Beef 4s 0,! to 4a 6d I Mutton 4s 6d to 4s 10,1 Veal 4s 6J to 5* OJ Fork 5s oil t,) 5i 4d I Luuib i. Us Od to Os Od I Price of Tallow and Candles in London. TownTallow per cwt. 46 0 s. d. I flussia ditto Yellow. 41 0 White ditto 42 0 Soap ditto 0 0 Melted StulV 34 0 Candles, 8s. 0d. perdoz. | s. d. Rough Stuff 22 0 Grea" es. 16 () Mottled 68 0 Yellow ditto 62 0 Raw Fat, pr. SIbs 2 6 Mouidf, 9s. 6d. per doz. • Price of LEATHEII at Leadenhallper lb. ft. d, I Butts 40 to 651bs. 20to22 Dressing Hides 14 16 Fine Coach Ilides.. 16 18 Crop Hides,30to451b. 12 £ 15 ;—50 to601b. 14 17 d. 0. Calf Skins,45to561b. 20to*24 Ditto.60 to 751b. 19$22 Ditto .90to 1201b. 16 I Tanned Horse Ilides 14 19 Sinai I Seiils (Greetil.) 20 21 BRISTOL PRICE CURRENT. SUGAR. S. S. Muse, brown per cwt.43 a 44 Dry ditto 45 a 46 Middling 47 a 49 Good ditto 50 a 52 Good 53 a 54 Fine 55 a 56 Molasses 23 a 24 COFFEE. J,-maica, triige 48 a 50 Ordinary 52 a 56 Good ditto 58 a 60 Fine ditto 62 a 65 Middling 66 a 70 Good ditto. 72 76 COFFEE. S. s. Fine ditto. 78 a 8" Very fine 82 a 90 RUM. s. d. s. d. Jamaica (pr gal.) 1 10 a 3 6 Leeward 1 7 1 1 9 LOGWOOD. £ s. £ s. Jamaica(pr.ton.)66,a 6 10 St. Domingo 6 10 a 7 0 a 8 [Fustic, Jamaica..# 0a7 0 Cuba. 8 0 a 8 15 OIL. s. rf. S. RF, jGallipoli (|V»tun) 45 0 a 46 0 jSicilly 43 0 a 44 0 Current Prices of Grain r quarter. Wheat, £ 2 13s. oti. I Barley,= £ 1 iis. Od. I Oats,,ei 0s. OJ. PRICES of LEATHER at the BACK-HALL. d. d. Heavy Crops, per lb, 16tol8 Light and Middling. 13 15 Best Saddler's Hides 17 18 Common ditto 13J 14J ltiferior ditto Shoe Hides 14 15 Wetshditto. 14j 15J Bulldifto ..13 J5 Bulfaloes 12 14 Horse Hides, English 13 16 ..Spanish 16 19 d. d. Close Butts 17to!9 Best Pattern Skins.. 23 24 Common Ditto 21 22 Heavy Skins 16 18 Welsh ditto 16 11 [rish ditto 14 15 Kips 15 1<8 Small Seats. 19 20 Bellies. 8 9J Shoulders II 12 Bazells 10 124 HIGH WATER AT THE FOLLOWING PLACES, FOR THE ENDUING WERK. Carmar- Cardigan Tenby Burry y»,rjK> DAYS. then and and and f t Bar. Bristol. Milford. Swansea. 0CX H M. M- "• M- N. M A. M. Sat.29 IS 27 1 12 I 12 12 42 2 42 Sun 30 I 15 2 0 2 0 1 30 3 30 Moh 31 2 3 2 48 2 48 2 18 4 18 rues. Nov. 1 2 51 3 36 3 36 3 6 5 ft Sun 30 1 15 2 0 2 0 1 30 3 30 Moh 31 2 3 2 48 2 48 2 18 4 18 rues. Nov. 1 2 51 3 36 3 36 3 6 5 ft Wed 2 3 S9 4 24 4 24 3 54 5 54 Fhurs 3 4 27 5 12 5 12 4 42 6 42 Fri 4 5 15 6 0 6 0 5 30 7 30
MOON'S AGE. New Moon, Nov. 4th, at 38 minutes past 1 afternoon. PRINTED and PUBLISHED at CARMARTHEN, by JOIIN EVANS, LAMMAS STREET, To whom, it isreqllested that all Communication he addressed. Advertisements and Orders rectived by Messrs. Newton, and Co. (late Tayler & Newton) No .5. Warwicfc-sq<iare, Newgate-street; Mr.Rich. Barker, (late White, )33,1'leet- street; Mr.George Reyiiell,Gazatte Advertisement Office 42, Chancery-lane 5 Mr. W. Gurney, Peele's Coffee-House, and Family Hotel, Nos. 177 and ,178, Fleet-street, London, and J K. Johnston & Co. Dublin j at whici* places the Pa- per is regularly filed.
Tuesday, a man and his ffife were brought into this town from Yorkshire, where they had I ived foi-til years, to be conveyed as paupers to their parish, below Barn- staple. The man was 93 years of age, and his wife 89. Instead of dragging these poor old creatures a distance of more than 400 miles, how far better would it have been to have made arrangements for allowing them to spend the very few remaining years they may probably live, at their accustomed place of abode, than to en- counter the expense of such a removal. Parish officers arc certainly not always sapient men, and we fear fre- quently not very humane neither.—Taunton Courier. A PATRIOT PREACHER.—The other evening we heard a gentleman relate an anecdote which oug-ht to be re- corded. It is this :-At that eventful period when our country was invaded by Provost, a clergyman, resident about 30 miles from this, exhorted his flock to march to Pluttsburg and repel the army. Many did so. After they had departed, the guardian of liberties as well as souls called together those who had remained, for the purpose of offering up prayers for the success of those who had departed, and when they had assembled he could not find an able-bodied man among his con- gregation. It was composed of females and decrepit old men. A scene like this was fuel to the feelings and food for the emotions of the heart of a patriot, and the preacher was not wholly unmoved by it. He com- menced a prayer—He faltered. He recommenced- Again he faltered. The emotions of his heart choked up the avenues of his soul, and the burning feelings of the patriot had got the mastery of the calm, mellifluent strains of the preacher. He arose from his knees and exclaimed, I cannot pray when my mind is not on my Maker—and I confess, it now centres on Plattsburg !— whither I shall repair with all possible speed and ren- der my feeble assistance in defence of the civil and re- ligious liberty which we now enjoy." He immediately embraced the weeping congregation—bid them a hearty "good bye "-impiored a bless ng-took his gun and followed his brethren to the field of battle.—Plattsburg Republican, AUCTION OF LAD ES.—An auction of unmarried ladies takes place annually in Babylon. In every dis- trict they assemble, on a certain day of every year, all the virgins of miirriageable age. The most beaptifiil are first put up, and the man who bids the largest sum of money gains possession of her. The second in per- sonal appearance follows, and the bidders gratify them- selves with handsome wives according to the depth of their purses. But there are in Babylon some ladies for which no money is offered, yet these also are disposed of, so provident are the Babvlonins. When all the beautiful virgins are sold, the crier orders the most de- formed to stand up, and, after he has openly demanded who will marry her for a small sum, she is at length adjudged to the man who is satisfied with the least; and in this manner the money arising from the sate of the handsome serves as a portion to those who are either of disagreeable looks, or that have any other imperfection. This custom prevailed about 500 years before Christ. PRICE OF SIAVES.-For a man, 9 ounces, or 216 yards of cloth, or 9 rolls of tobacco, or 36 trallons-of spirits, or 139 handkerchiefs. For a woman, 8 ounces, or 192 yards, or 8 rolls, or 32 gallons, or 128 handker- chiefs For a child, 6 ounces, or 144 yards, or 6 rolls, or 24 gallons, or 96 handkerchiefs.—«' ActuulState of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa," in the Amulet. Farmers, as well as poets, ought to be classed among the genus irritabile, for there is no season so fine, no crop so abundant, but the farmer can find room for a grumble. A substantial yeoman of Hampshire was lately congratulated upon the excellence of the late harvest, and the great reason he and his brethren had to be grateful. I don't know that," said lie what be we to do for bad, hay for our cows."