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DISTRICT NEWS. j >..—————

















FROM CITY CORRESPONDENTS; It THAT the late Mr. W. G. Wills, dramatist and artist, was held in high respect by a wide circle 01 professional friends has been evidenced, by the number of well-known pe, ple who attended the funeral service in the Chapel Royal, Savoy. Mr. Henry Irving, Mr. Pinero, Mr. Hall Caine, and Mies Grace Hawthorne were amorgst those pre- sent to show their respect ;<jr the memory of an old and kindly friend and ;i number of wreaths were sent by representatives of the theatrical profession who were unable to attend the service, The choir of the Chapel Royal was h attendance, and the burial service was re -id by the Rev. Free- man Croft Wills, a brother of the deceased. Ca,-on Bonham gave a *short address, and later in the datthe body was interred at Brompton Ccme- te". THERE has happily been no great railway disaster this year, but what may be des -ribei as the ordinary victims to the railway fiend are numerous enough to be appalling1. In the first nine months of this year there were twelve people killed in collisions, as against sixteen in the cor- responding period of last ye-ir but the number of injured in the same period rose from 308 to 74.5. During the nine months thirty-three collisions of passenger trains were reported. This, however, does not include all the fatalities from the acci- dents which occurred iu and about railway pre ises. bringing the total number of deaths up to 913 killed and 8.424 injured. Level-crossiugs were responsible for 56 deaths, and tresspassers (including suicides) 287. The servants of railway companies were naturally the greatest sufferers, uearly 400 of these having lost their lives. Olf being appealed to some time ago by the Archduke Joseph, the Austrian Emperor gave him permission, says a Correspondent, to act with regard to the gipsies in Hungary as he thought best. The Archduke, who is the friend of these wild people, founded the colony of Tsigan, in the neighbourhood of his estate of Alosuth. He built them sixty small houses for sixty families, and unde them apply their energies to agriculture and the trades. He named a youth of twenty, strong, tall, and handsome, as their woiwode," and selected a pretty girl for his wife. After a course of religious instruction the pair were christened, and a few days ago their marriage took place in the Church of Alosuth. The Arch- duke and his managers were the witnesses. The Archduke wore the dress of a gipsy" woiwode." and according to Romany custom carried a tall bamboo staff, with an enormous nosegay and some brilliant drapery. A SHIPPING EXCHANGE for London, of which something has been heard from time to time. is now about to become an accomplished fact. At a meeting to further the project, Sir John Gorst explained that the principle of a Shipping Ex- change had been accepted by a very important section of the shipping trade of London-the North American trade-and that considerable progress had been made in practically establishing a Shipping Exchange for that particular section. Recently, however, a wider scope has been given to the scheme, and now, there is a feeling in some of the most influential trading circles that the whole of the shipping trade of the port of London should be included in one Exchange. This found full expression in a series of resolutions, and now a London Slapping Exchange, in a central posi- tion, where shipowners in both the ocean and short sea trades, charterers, shippers, importers, and others connected with shipping, can meet for the ready transaction of business, is on the high xoad to realisation. THERE is a suggestion that the employment of Reserve men of the Army and Navy which has re- cently been extended by the new Postmaster- General shosild be followed by the various Govern- ment departments. The question is under con- sideration, but no decision htts been come to. The .subject is one which bristles with difficulties. Much is to be said in favour of employing trained men of established character and supplementing their pensiens, but, on the other hand, if the -scheme is widely adopted these men will come into serious competition with the. already over- crowded labour market, and as they have an assured income, no matter how small, they will be able to underbid the ordinary civilian. The -scheme may have the advantage of making the service? more attractive, but ai the same time it may be themaeans ofinflicting a serious injustice on the class of deserving people who are in want of-employment. Those who have had any expeii- ence of naval ports know how pensioners enter into rivalry with ordinary labour, and accept situations utder the market price. THE "floater" is one of those accidents of re- presentative government, as practised in the United State-c, which we have -still to adopt on this-side of the Atlantic. We have borrowed the organization of the Caucus, and we know what jerrymandering ie and the next American notion we have to introdudfe will perhaps be floating. The floater was never so prominent, it appears, as at the recent election in Clinton County. The Republican caucus had carefully organized him beforehand invery election district. At every important plaoe he and his fellow-floaters were j provided with clubs, where they could drink and smoke, at the cost of the party. Moreover, each floater was promised five dollars if he voted ,straight. On the day of the election, however, the other side made it ten dollars, and the floaters floated over to Democracy. A bid of fifteen dollars brought them back again; but :tbe price of a vote again went up. and it was only after two mora bids that the Republicans, secured 90 per cent, of this interesting section of a free and enlightened community at twenty dollarsiahead. When-the case of Mr. Hearson, the engineer in the Royal Navy who brought an action for false imprisonment as a deserter, was before the courts. Mr. Justice Denman expressed a hope that the Admiralty would see their way to make some ar- rangements so that the matter might not be raised again. It will be remembered that Mr. Hearson, who had accepted an appointment in China, sent in his resignation, but it wae not accepted. He claims that the Department had no right not to accept, and furthermore that although be was at the tisae of kis arrest down on the books of H.M.S. Pembroke, he was not rightly there, and. in fact, ought not to have been on the list. The Admiralty, I hear now, are not disposed to come to any -settlement, so that the action will proceed at the earliest opportunity. The plain tiff pleads that it is unjust and illegal to hold, as the Admiralty does, that an officer has no right to resign. and that his servioes can be retained all his life if the authorities demand. It will be seen, therefore, that the case has many important aspects and in- valves important constitutional questions. BY A stroke of good luck in the shape of the beuevcleace of a wealthy man. the National Lifeboat Institution has been relieved from the financial stringency which is understood to have somewhat hampered its work of late. Under the will of the late Mr. Newbon. it has just come into possession of the splendid legacy of £ 20.006. Out of this sum five new lifeboats have to be provided but they will not absorb much more than one- fourth of the legacy. It is not likely that the Institution will experience any difficulty in allocating the remainder but. in the face <of recent experience, we trust it will see its way to using this money for what seems to be the most urgent and important purpose. The arrangements for the manning of the Institu- tion's boats and for the practice of their cre-.vs have been shown to be entirely insufficient; ana Bi:.ce the difficulty has it ii understood, been largely caused by fack of funds, no better occasion is likely to present itself for rectifying this very serious state of things There is no lack of lite- boats. What is wanted now is good crews and good local management.


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