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foitbon Corosjjmiiifnt.

LOSS OF A MAIL STEAMER.

VISIT OF THE QUEEN TO THE…

GREAT FIRE IN RUSSIA. I

THE COLORADO BEETLE.

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WAR NEWS

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AN INCIDENT OF THE WAR.

EXECUTION AT CHESTER.

JEWISH MARRIAGES.

EPITOME OF NEWS.

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EPITOME OF NEWS. BRITISH AND FOREIGN. • A volunteer belonging to the Hawick Rifle Corps, has been killed by a bullet while acting as marker. The latest news from the famine districts in China is, the Celestial Empire says, most disheartening. A vessel which has just reached Shanghai reports that for some 200 miles along the river there is every appearance of another famine the locusts literally cover the ground and appear in clouds as thick as a steamer's smoke. The armour-plated ship Temeraire has been fitted with an electric light apparatus similar to that on board the Alexandra. By means of this light the presence of torpedo Boats or other vessels can be easily seen, as a bright light is shown for miles round. Sixty thousand pounds is the sum that poor war. crushed "Paris has allotted for the prizes to be awarded to exhibitors at the French Exhibition of 1878.-The World. The New York papers publish news from Galves- ton, stating that Mexican marauders had broken into the gaol at Rio Grande City, shot the judge and gaoler, and released two prisoners. They afterwards recrossed the Eio Grande, escaping die pursuit of the Federal troops. William Rogers, an old army pensioner, has just died in one of Lawrence Sherriffe's almshouses, Rugby. Deceased, who was formerly a private in the 73rd Regiment of Foot, went through the Peninsular War, and at Waterloo received severe wounds. Amongst the curiosities of advertising may be noted th e following, which, at stated, intervals, appears in the daily "newspapers To the People of Goul 1ll the final Babylon, that is in this great City, London. Awake! mark well (ltev, xviii., verse 4 Jer. li., verse ti), and other prophecy regarding her, Her cup is nearly fulL" The Commissioners of Lunacy in Scotland, in their report for last year, call attention to the fact that the in- crease in the admissions both of private and pauper patients into establishments during 1875 and 1876 has been unusually great. The admissions for 1876 show an increase of 31 per cent. on those of 1858, while the increase of population has been little more than 16 per cent. A fatal accident occurred last Saturday on the Great Western Railway at Newport, when a guard named Perkins was killed. The deceased had got out of his van, and was knocked down by a passing train, sustaining injuries which resulted in death in less than an hour. The deceased had been in the service of the company for upwards of twenty years. Bishop von Ketteler, speaking one day of the im- portance of the Press, said. "I believe if St. Paul were living he would edit a newspaper." The Bishop himself has contributed largely to the press but I very much doubt if the Saint in question, with all his good qualities, would, if he were now alive, select journalism as a profession.—White- hall Review. At the fete of th sauveteurs of Havre, held in that town last week, a medal was presented by the British Con- sul to Joseph Certain, an employé of the maritime port of the harbour, for his gallantry in assisting to save the Bishop of Gibraltar, when the latter, with his family, were precipi- tated into the water while landing from the Honfleur boat. From the report read by the president of the society it appears that this latter now numbers 800 members, and that during the last twelve months it has been instrumental in saving eighty lives. '"Sir Henry Thompson has hit on a new method of spending his holiday. Me has had constructed a house-boat, charmingly fitted and furnished and in it, accompanied by his accomplished daughter, he is about to start on a sketch- ing tour on the Thames."— The World. Some experiments have been made off Eastham in the Mersey with the apparatus Invented by an American officer, Colonel Sholl, for fishing up torpedoes, and stated to have been successfully used in the James river during the late war. The apparatus has been tried at Soutbport on land, and the experiments on water are said to have been suggested by the Admiralty officials. The principle is to fire from two mortars shot attached by a line of hooks, which acts as a drag for torpedoes, the discharged shot being connected with the mortars by lines. The dummy torpedoes were all fished up on Thursday. Mr. Michael Andrews, Secretary of the Flax Supply Association of Ireland, has published from returns just received from the Registrar-General a statement regarding the comparative acreage under flax in Ireland in 1876 and 1877. Last year the total acreage was 132,938, this year it is 123,362, showing a decrease in 1877 of 9,576 acres, as com- pared with 1876, or upwards of 7 per cent. I lately informed my readers that the eldest son of the Prince of Wales is destined for the Army. I now under- stand that the Prince favours the idea of his son adopting the example set by his soldier-uncle, the Duke of Con- naught, and entering the service at the bottom of the ladder. It is accordingly expected that the young Prince, on com- pletinghis education, will be appointed for duty to II. regi- ment, continuing in a subordinate position until he has obtained a full insight into the working of the regimental system. If this course is pursued, it will, I am sure, be approved not by the Army only, but by the country at large. Whitehall Review. Expert lady swimmers give lessons in swimming at most of the fashionable seaside resorts of France. A franc is charged for a lesson, and in six lessons a persons can be- come proficient if she will only leave off grasping her guide, monitor and friend around the neck, whenever she feels her feet going from under her. In speaking of the hop crop the Maidstone Journal says that it must of necessity be a late hop picking, and this means always an unsatisfactory hop picking. From what can be seen of the various districts, it seems probable that the hops will not have all been picked by the first week in October. The restoration of Strasburg Cathedral is reported to be making satisfactory progress, and to be now approach- in completion. Fourteen statues of German emperors and kings, from King Pepin down to the Emperor Henry IY., are to be added to the sculptural embellishments. Lord Russell has requested his name to be added to the list at noblemen and gentlemen who have expressed their opinion that the National Society should send an equal number of ambulances to the Russian and Turkish armies. An appeal for funds in support of Jewish and Bul. garian fugitives who have been driven from their homes to Adrianople has been made by the Adrianople British Com- mittee. Upwards of twelve th,ous3Ild of thes-e fugitives have anived at that town, and any subscriptions which should be sent to the Committee through the Imperial Ottoman Bank win be distributed to aU in need, irrespective of creed. Among the subscriptions already reeejVed is one of £500 from Baron de Rothschild. Surgical science has won a great triumph. Dr. BOlll1a1ont, the French aurist, hab done for deaf persons what oculists have long, done for persons blinded by cataract. A girl suffering from obstinate deafness had her tympanum trephined by means of a trocar, and an accompanying can- nala, provided with small wings, which could be pushed about ad libitum was left in the tympanum. The patient was then enabled to hear perfectly well. This is one of the greatest of modern surgical triumphs. Court Journal. On Monday a mad dog ran into a school at Chelms- ford while the children were assembled, and was not driven out until it had bitten four of the scholars, three boys and a girl, wno were immediately taken home and attended by doctors. The animal was pursued for some distance, and ultimately killed It had been fighting with several other dogs in the town, some of which have been destroyed. The local magistrates have issued an order requiring all dogs to he kept under proper control. Colonel Valentine Baker has now received the rank of Siva. or General of Brigade in the Turkish service, and has, consequently, the tItle of Pasha. He will be under the orders of the Minister of Police, and will be charged with the reorganisation of the gendarmerie or mounted police. His contract with the Porte was signed on the 10th. Baker Pasha will receive 200 liras a month (about £2,000 a year), and his engagement is for three years, commencing from the 23rd ult. B e will have several English officers under him as inspectors of districts and for other purposes. In London, on Monday evening, Bishopsgate-street was the scene of an exciting- incident. A medical man en- tered a house to visit a patient, leaving his horse and phaeton outside in charge of his coachman, and had scarcely left when a horse attached to aliglltvan came galloping furiously from the direction of the Bank of England, and before the driver, who had evidently lost control over the animal, was able to prevent it the shaft of the van entered the chest of the doctor's horse. In the struggle that ensued both horses And vehicles, together with their occupants, were dashed on to the pavement, causing a deal of alarm. Finally the' animals swerved into the road, where the injured horse fell dead. The passenger traffic was very great at the time but, beyond the death of the horse, there is no other casualty to record. The official agricultural statistics for Ireland for the year show an increase of land under crops of all heads to the extent of 58,684 acres. The increase under wheat is 23,619 acres: under barley, -5,109 acres: cabbage, 9,839 acres; vetches and rape, 4,561 acres; and under meadow and clover, 6-1,040 acres. The crops in which there is a decrease are oats, 15,468 acres potatoes, 9,194 acres; turnips, 8,436 acres; other green crops, 1,738 acres; and flax, 9,576 acres. As regards live stock, there is an Increase of 18,578 horses and mules, 1,577 asses, 42,957 pigs and a decrease in cattle of 121,413, in sheep of 19,979, and in poultry 68,974. .i! Her Majesty has conferred upon Captain Tyler late chief inspector of railways, the honour of knighthood in recognition of the eminent services* rendered by him during the many years he held that appointment. In a speech at the dinner of the college alumni on the Pacific coast of San Francisco, Major-General McDowell said You, gentlemen, are those who make wars we oi the army fight to make peace." We are enabled ,te state that all the statements to the effect that Midhat Pasha had asked permission of the Sultan to return to Constantinople are totally devoid of foundation.— Whitehall Review. Mr. H. Gibson, Clerk of the Peaca for Essex, writes to The Times:—" I am directed by a committee of Justices to call your attention to the fact that the close time under the Wild-fowl Preservation Act, 1876, as varied for this county by the Secretary of State's order, will run from the 15th of March to the 1st of August in each year. The declared value of wheat imported in the last seven months was £17,329,444, and in the like period of 1876, £14,H77,161. The Boston Joiurn&l of Chemistry says :—Good authorities condemn the use of the poisonous Paris-green for the destruction of potato bugs, and suggest carbolate of lime instead. They say that the latter is equally fatal to the bugs, while it is harmless in other respects. Farmers will do well to give it a trial. The preliminary programme ?f the annual meeting of the Social Science Association is now complete. The special questions to be discussed have been selected and will be taken on three days of the congress, the two re- maining days being devoted to papers on other subjects coming within the scope of the various departments. The congress will be presided over by the Earl 01 Aberdeen, who will inaugurate the proceedings with an address. A suite of apartments for the sons of the Prince of Wales and their tutors and attendants has been prepared at Devonport Dockyard, at a cost of £2,421, exclusive of furni- ture, to be fitted on board the Britannia, cadet ship at Dart- mouth. Thev are to be completed and furnished by Sep- tember 2, and will occupy nearly the whole of the vessel's poop. A large gathering of the South Yorkshire miners took place at Barnsley on Monday, when resolutions were adopted in favour of household suffrage and trades unions, and regretting the recent recommendations of the Select Committee on the law of compensation for injury to work- men. Mr. William Lovett, almost the last of the Char- tists, was buried on Monday at Highgate Cemetery. After a short service. Mr. G. J. Holyoake briefly addressed the mourners, bearing high testimony to the independence, integrity, and purity of Mr. Lovett s life. The deceased was in his 78th year, having been born in 1800. Large number of whales have been daily seen off the shores of Caithness during the last ten days. Another indication of the presence of herrings on this coast ts the sight of enormous numbers of sea-fowl. At a meeting of Lancashire and Yorkshire butcher? held at Hudderstield, on Monday, it was resolved to appoint a deputation to the Government, asking that the recom- mendations of the Cattle Plague Commission with regard to the importation of Foreign cattle should not be carried out, The Pope has sent a long and affectionate letter to Prince Aipadeus, in which he rejoices with him that Divine Providence has seen fit to preserve him from the serious peril to which he was recently exp6sed, and expresll6s hill hope that the Prince's life may long be spared for the good of his children and of his country. A meeting was held in London, on Monday, at the Westminster Palace Hotel, to make arrangements for a public demonstration against the conduct of Russia in the present war. Mr. R. Dawson, and afterwards Lord Stratheden and Campbell, presided. A resolution was carried to hold another meeting in Exeter Hall with a similar object, and also to call oùEnglish statesmen to inter- fere for the prevention of further useless bloodshed and for the protection of British interestl. A cpmmitte was ap- pointed to carry out the project. A pilgrimage of 4,200 people left Paris on Wednes- day night in last week, for Notre d'Auray. The Cardinal Archishop of Paris had preceded 'hem on Wednes- day afternoon. A return has been published showite that the receipts for naval prize, bounty, salvage, and oll:ter moneys, exclusive of the slave and tonnage bounty, between April 1, 1876, and March 31, 1877, was £70,484 Is. Id., an) the ex- penditure £15,482 4s. 7d., leaving a balance of £55,W,16s. 6d, The following vessels were despatched by the Agent General for New Zealand during the month of Jutj:— The Waitangi, from Plymouth to Canterbury, with 158 emigrants; the James Nicol Fleming, from the Clyde Otago, with 248; the Wairoa, from Plymouth to Wel- lington, with 199; and the Otaki, from the same port to Auckland, with 213 emigrants, making a total of 918 emi- grants for the month.—Five vessels will be deupatchedi during the present month from Plymouth and the Clyde, to be followed by others during the months of September, October, and November. The Philadelphia correspondent ef a London dbn- temporary telegraphs a report that the Turkish agents in New York are clandestinely recruiting troops for Turkey, offering them a free passage with three months' advance pay. No regular recruiting office is established, nor is any- thing done which the Government here can object to. Men who served in the American war are preferred, and officers engaging to serve are allowed to hold the rank which they acquired in the United States. The Dean of Banger, preaching on Sunday in the cathedral of that city, warned the nation against the spirit of indifference which was rampant in the present day, and predicted that if the country persisted in worshipping God's creatures in preference to the Creator himself, a time of drought would again inevitably come. Private letters from Russia describe the spread of A dangerous feeling, a bitter animosity towards the Czar and the Grand Dukes, at whose door the people are inclined to lay the recent military disasters. It the Grand Dukes had let the generals alone, folk say, in whispers that gradually grow louder, there would have been no battle of Plevna.— Mayfair. There was quite an interesting episode in one of the New York courts the other day. Just as a suit for breach of promise of marriage was about to be commenced it was announced that the parties had become reconciled, and the presiding judge exercised an agreeable part of his functions by performing the marriage ceremony. A blue book of 382 pages has been issued relating to the slave trade. The dates of the despatches range from the latter part of the year 1875 to the end of 1876. A large number of the despatches are occupied with the reports of of the seizure and condemnation of Zanibar Slave vessels- There is also a despatch from Lord Derby, dated October 84, 1876, calling the attention of the United States Government, to the proceedings of Mr. Stanley in Central Africa, as appearing to be little calculated to promote civilsBtion there, or win the the good will of the natives tribes towards day travellers who have that object in view." A companion to the Colorado beetle has manifested itself isi an anonymous insect just discovered in Hungary, Istria, and other Austrian provinces. Its special weakness is for maize. Nearly five hundred fields of maize are said to have been attacked by the enemy. It attacks the crown of the root of the maize plant, whereupon the plant turns yellow, sickens, and bears no fruit.—Mayfair. American papers state that advices which reached San Francisco on the 26th of July by the steamer City of New York, from Australia, contain an extract from the Fiji Times of June 15, which says news has been received that the American flag has been hoisted at Samoa and allegiance formally tendered to the United States. Earl Russell celebrates on Saturday his 85th birth- day. It is 64 years since he first entered Parliament as member for Tavistuck, and 31 since he assumed his first premiership.— Mayfair. T'n Chancell6r ef the Exchequer acknowledges in 1 he Times: (as Conscience Money), the receipt of a £ 10-note from S. M. J. and the First half ofa £ 5-note from X," for Income-tax. An inquest has been held at Chelmsford on the body of Bartlett Sanders. The deceased's father deposed to the youth falling down in a fit and biting and groaning, and Mrs. Berry deposed that the deceased had shownher a wound on his thumb, which he said had been bitten by a dog. Dr. Nicholls stated that the symptoms exhibited were like those of epileptic convulsions, but they would would not yield in the ordinary way to chloroform. There were no evidence shown by the post mortem examination to account for death, which he was sure was caused by acute hydrophobia. A verdict to that effect was returned. There has been a large increase in fresh or slightly salted beef imported. This year the value was £921,490, and lust year in the same period £141,336. The health of Dean Stanley, who is now in Scot- laud, has been in an alarming state, but last night it was stated that he had almost entirely recovered.—Monday's Tunes. Mi. Randolph Mackenzie and Mr. Benyon, Chob- ham, Surrey, arrived at Glenmuick, Ballater, on Sunday morning, having travelled the entire distance from London, each carrying in a knapsack for himself his own light change of clothes. By the route they selected the distance is 520 miles, which they accomplished in 19 days. I see there were 3,200 French officers killed or pen- sioned off on account of wounds in the war with Germany seven years ago. That is about half the number of officers on full pay in the whole British army.—The WOT. It was recently stated by a Berlin paper that the French Government had resolved to proclaun a state of siege at the period of the elections. Two of the French Clerical papers speak in favour of the measure. The Defense says it is natural that the Government should be forced to meet by a state of siege the fierce and unconstl- tutional war waged against it hy the Radicals. The Universe says that the stage of siege is necessary in order at the electors may be able to vote freely. The New York Correspondent of the Daily News telegraphs that the movement among the working men of Ohio for the establishment of a new political party is taking formidable proportions. A convention of delegates from various States in which the Socialist element prevails has assembled at Cincinnati, and preparations are making for a larger convention to he held shortly. Rumours of an impending general strike among the locomotive engineers had created a great deal of uneasiness, but they had been contradicted. About a thousand Artillery Volunteers arrived at Shoeburyness on Saturday and Sunday from Scotland, Lan- cashire, Northumberland, Yorkshire, Shropshire, Worces- tershire Lincolnshire, Kent, &c. On Sunday morning they attended Divine service in the,large mess tent, where the garrison chaplain preached the sermon. On Tuesday, Mr. Carter held an inquiry at the "JoIJy Gardeners," Mortlak\1, touching the death of Richard Michael Bonner, 16 years of age. It appeared from the evij dence that three weeks ago deceased was scratched by a puppy, five months old. On Wednesday in last week he com- plained of illness. Medical aid was called, and deceased then foamed at the mouth and beeame very violent. Death ensued two days afterwards from hydrophobia. Verdict, Death from Hydrophobia." The Mark Lane Express of Monday night remarks upon the recent "abnormal" weather as being very unfavourable to the growth of fine wheat. In some districts in the home counties, where a good yield might have been expected, the plant is thin OIl the ground, and the ears show signs of blight and mildew. Harvest operations will be protracted, and the result "scarcely encouraging." Barley has certainly benefited from the rain, but potatoos have somewhat suffered. A person was recently sent to a bank for the pur- pose of drawing money. Two men stood near the place where he was counting over the amount he had received, some six hundred pounds. On of the men remarked to him, You've dropped a five-pound note," pointing to a paper on the floor. "All right, sir," was the reply; "I'll just put nîJ" foot on it for the present," which he did, and continued counting his money. It was not till f?e sharpers learned that they were trying their game on a smart fellow that they informed him that the five-pound note was dropped by one of them. Any thoughtless person would have stooped for the note, and in probability have lost the best part of the six hundred pounds,-Court Journal. It seems now to be generally admitted that the late strikes nmong the stokers and brakesmen on the American "ail ways owed their riotous and destructive charac- ter to an element outside the immediate circle of the dis alt'ected classes. Knots of violent Socialists in the disturbed centres, having no direct connection with the pending labour dispute, seized the opportunity of applying a match to the combustible materials made ready to their hand, in the hope that the movement might develop into a universal war between capital and labour throughout the States.—Daily Telegraph. In London, on Monday, at the Mansion-house, Mr. Greshsun, the Chief Clerk of the Court, addressing the pre- siding magistrate, who happened to be :Mr, Alderman Finnis, said it was his pleasing duty to be able to inform him that there was not a single charge nor a summons of any kind for hearing; and, that being so, he had to present him with a pair of white kid gloves on the occasion, in accordance with a time-honoured usage there. Mr. Alderman Finnis, in reply, said he was very glad to hear the announcement, indi- cating as it did, a growing respect for the Sunday, and con- trasting favourably with the time when he had the honour to fill the office of Lord Mayor He also bore testimony, from his personal knowledge of the country round Wan- stead, in which he resided, to the vasily improved be- haviour there of the working classes who resorted thither in immense numbers every Sunday for fresh air and re- creation.

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------AMERICAN HUMOUR.

IIFOALLAIWOITS utclligtlttt.