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--_.._---_---_-THE REV. NEWMAN…


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MR. GLADSTONE AT HOME. The residence of the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Hawarden-castle, near Chester, was last Saturday visited by the members of the Bolton Liberal Associa- tion and their friends, the party numbering about 1,400. The ex-Premier at once granted them per- mission to roam through the splendid grounds, but to the further request that he would address this large company of Lancashire admirers he at first gave a decided refusal. Then the committee who had the excursion in hand pressed him to at least show himself, and at last, after some hesitation, he said he and his ron (Mr. W. H. Gladstone, M.P. for Whitby) were in the course of the afternoon going out to fell a tree in the park, and he would then respond to any vote of thanks which might be accorded him. With this assurance the Bolton Liberals were content, and the hall was anxiously watched by attentive scouts for the egress of the right hon. gentleman and his son. A little after four o'clock Mr. Gladstone and his son came from the hall, clad in rough working suits, with slouch hats, and, axe in hand, proceeded to a distant portion of the park; and, the scouts having given the signal to the main body of excursionists, the woodmen were followed by large numbers of people. A halt was made under a huge ash tree of certainly not less than 15ft. circumference at the base of the trunk, and father and son set to work in earnest in the presence of more spectators than ever before saw a tree felled, certainly on the demesne of Hawarden Castle. Before beginning, off went hat, coat, and neckerchief, till they had on only check shirts ar.d rough light pants, and as the chips new at the strokes of their axes the admiring excursionists picked up some of the fragments and carefully treasured them as mementoes of their visit. As some relief to the monotony of waiting the excur- sionists sang several glees, which served as accompani- ments to the thuds of the axes, and, as the ex-Premier paused to breathe awhile, crowds gathered round him with a view to shaking hands. Like a gallant man, Mr. Gladstone granted the favour to the ladies of the company, but sternly refused it to the male sex, who had to content themselves with lusty cheers at frequent intervals. The enthusiasm was intense, and when the right hon. gentleman leant on his axe to wipe away the perspiration from his brow, his scanty hair waving in the breeze, and in the fore and back ground a splendid landscape of woodland, the scene would have made a picture. In one of the pauses the right hon. gentleman complimented the excursionists on their excellent sin15ing, which, he said, vas not remark- able, seeing that Lancashire people were renowned for their musical ability; and later on, when a per- ceptible inroad had been made into the trunk, two of 'the leading excursionists took the opportunity to pro- pose and second a vote of thanks to the right hon. gentleman and Mrs. Gladstone for their kindness in allowing the use of the park, and for favouring them with their presence. The vote was carried amid loud cheering. Mr. Gladstone, leaning on his axe, acknowledged the compliment, and expressed his pleasure at seeing so many friends present enjoying the fresh air and the scenery of the park, as his wife and son had en- joyed them from their infancy, and he himself for half his life. The right hon. gentleman then con- tinued I hope some of you will live to see the time when there will not be such a complete contrast be- tween manufacturing towns and the country as there is now. There must, however, always be a great con- trast in many respects between places where vast numbers of people are gathered together and places where there are few. As a rule, there are three disagreeable things in large towns — one is noxious smells, one is the want of pure water, and the third is the enormous abun- dance of smoke. It appers to me that God Al- mighty never ordained any of these three things I do not think it was His intention or permanent law that these things should subsist wherever people are gathered together in large numbers and I cannot help hoping that some of you will live to see a great improvement made in some of these respects. Do not look upon this as hopeless (hear, hear) but it requires that people should think of it a great deal, for there is always somebody or other who thinks he is in- terested in maintaining the present state of things. Some manufacturers complain bitterly if they are not allowed to throw the whole of their filth and refuse into the water from which the people have to take their drinking supply. Some time ago I met a. large manufacturer of paper, and asked how he was getting on. The answer was, Oh, right well." You know the paper manufacturers gene- rally said they would be ruined if the paper duty were repealed. However, this gentleman was not ruined, but, on the contrary, said he was getting on famously. I said, "You mean that you do more business," and he replied, Yes, we do more business and we get more profit on it." How does that come about?" I asked, and the answer was, Well, formerly we used to throw into the river a large quantity of what we thought was mere tilth and refuse—worthless stuff which came from the manufacture. We did not know how to make use of it; but by some legal or statutory authority we were prevented from putting any more refuse into the stream. We then had to consider what we were to do with this refuse, and we caused it to be examined bv a chemist, who enabled us to turn it to account and the result was that this paper manufacturer made out of the refuse which before then ran to waste and defiled the stream a profit of £3,000 a year. Nobody likes to have the secrets of his business disclosed, and therefore r must not tell you where this factory is. But you will see that in this case necessity was the mother of invention, and what was formerly mere waste was turned to account, while the running water was left clear, as God intended it to be. Then there is London, with its four millions of peoplo. I have lived in the West-end of London for six-and-forty or five-and-forty years—I really cannot remember the exact number—(laughter)—but although there is a grater number of people tbere, and the town has spre:1d in all directions, yet whpn you open a window now the air is purer and fresher, and fewer blacks come in, than forty years ago. (Cheers.) The reason is that Acts of Parliament have been passed to pre- vent people from wantonly and wilfully making smoke, and compelling them to consume it. This is now done to a great extent—not quite so much as it ought to be, but still a great improvement has been effecte 1. (Hear, hear.) Well, I am not going to talk about politics or Party matters—(hear, hear)— though I should not be afraid of so doing, but I don t want to (Voices, "The Eastern Question and Just a little bit.") I recommend you to think over these matters, because you have a great deal of power in your hands which you may employ usefully in getting these nuisances abated. Hear, hear.) God made this world to be pleasant to dwell in. I don't mean to say He made it to be without trial or afflic- tion, but he made our natural and physical condition to be pleasant. The air, the sun, the skies, the trees, the grass, and the streams—these are all pleasant things but we go about spoiling, defacing, and de- forming them. We cannot, it is true, make the town as pleasant as God has made the country, but most of you can do something to prevent the pleasant things which have been vouchsafed to us from being de- formed and defaced by the hand of man in the future. Take that as the moral of this little speech..(Loud cheers.) Mrs. W. H. Gladstone, in response to repeated cries, acknowledged the compliment and said Although my father makes so much of his getting on in years I think you have to-day a proof that he is not yet past work. (Cheers, and a voice—" He is able to lead yet," Renewed cheers.) Although he has not entered upo'n any political subject, yet I am sure there are none of us but must feel that it is possible his time may come again. (Loud and prolonged cheering.) Mr. W. E. Gladstone also said a few "kindly words to the excursionists, who then departed, and Mr. Gladstone and his son went on with their work of tree- felling.




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