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A COSSACK CAMP. The following interesting description of a Cossack Camp is from a Military Correspondent of The Times, who dates his letter, Cossack Camp, near Simnitcha, June 30 :— "Am I dreaming, or is this the Thirty Years' War? It is night. Round the spot where my tent is pitched lie regiments of cavalry. Across the broad Danube somewhere there is an enemy, but here a camp well ordered in appearance. Lines of horses standing tethered to long ropes, without danger of movement from their places or damage from ropes in front of them. If a fore leg passes over the rope where they are tethered, they remain quiet, or call with voice almost human in its expressiveness the man who knows how to loose them. And those men —how is their nature to be expressed? They are soldiers without the stiffness impressed en the military world by the father of Frederick the Great they are men with a discipline altogether different from the discipline of modern European armies wild-looking fellows, who bring their own horses half-shod to the campaign, fierce faces, and manners hitherto unknown. They are called Cossacks. Three regiments of them come from the Don, one from the Terek, and one from Kuban. The camp is all that could be wished in neatness, the horse stand quietiy in their places, the dress of the men is well cared for and picturesque. All is regular and soldier-like during times of duty for though the Cossacks, walk with a peculiar strut and swagger, often with their hands on their hips, they subdue their pride in the presence of an officer, and are very careful to salute him on all occasions when the salute is due. But this evening has been given to feasting and music, the Terek Cossacks espe- cially distinguishing themselves by the wildness of their revels. Hearing music and cheers this afternoon, I walked through lines of horses to tlie crowd, which gave way easily to a stranger. One of the officers immediately came up, introductions were made In due form, and the whole party was soon established within the Cos- sack ring. Around stood men of every age up to about 40, generally tall, averaging probably more than 5ft. 8in., for there were among them no small undersized men, but many over 6ft. high-not only tall, but broad-shouldered, muscular, and well fed. Indeed, the type seems to incline rather to stoutness than to loss of flesh as time turns hair and beard gray. The dress sets off the figure well. Loose baggy breeches tucked into boots with- out stiff soles, are almost entirely concealed by the single-breasted surtout, which is generally richly coloured in their own country but here, during the war, is, for the sake of distinction, to be always black. Beneath the outer coat is another, or rather a shirt, of the same shape, and lighter in texture, and celoured according to the regiment. The colour for the Tereks is blue. The hair of the men was generally black, closely cropped, with streaks of gray whenever the age of man appeared to be as much as thirty. The grave Caucasian faces, rather more oval than those of Englishmen, were bent inwards to- wards the cen tre of the circle, and there was much intensity in the gaze with which they watched the movements of certain dancers-men of the same regiment, who stepped out two by two and per- formed, not without grace, what can only be desoribed as a ballet. They stood on tiptoe, advanced and re- treated, curved their arms, elevating and depressing them in a certain ryhthmic cadence, and when the dance was over bowed gracefully to the men around them, who all the while had kept time by striking their hands together. The music was essentially barbarous-two drums, a sort of squeaking instru- ment like a short cracked clarionet, and, further, a wild chaunt kept up by the spectators. The singing was not; out of tune, but the air was of the simplest, consisting of only about three or four notes in all, which rose and fell in what must for want of any other name be called a tune. After a little dancing, more or less comic, seven men linked their arms, while others climbed upon their shouldeps forming a second circle above. This was done very quickly, and the living cage then moved round and round to the sound of wild music. While these men were gyrating with grins and shouts, amid the applause of the rest, two others drpssied In r.inrrprl pnstinnf! to renrespnt the mppt savage races of the Caucasus, bounded witnm the cage, as it may be called, and commenced a pan- tomimic dance with much gesticulation ani shouting. They pretended to attack each other, or rather to wish to attack while mutually prevented by fear. The acting was excellent, though full of buffoonery, and their jokes called forth roars of laughter from the crowd. In fact, they acted exactly like a couple of clowns in a circus, and played their parts admirably, the cage continuing always to gyrate round them. The fierce faces of the crowd were contorted with laughter, and the tone of it was like a roar or growl. Yet the men were all under discipline, for, at a word from an officer, they drew themselves up straight at attention and obeyed the slightest hint with alacrity, always making way for the stranger to see well what was going on. Mean- while, wine circulated freely among the officers in tumblers, and men were always on the wateh to fill an empty or half empty glass. The were shouts from deep throats and clashing glasses as they drank healths even while the game was prooeeding. At last the performers were tired and the cage broken up, when two Cossacks in their proper dress sprang for- ward with poignards in each hand and danced a war- dance, threatening each other, and sometimes placing the points of their poignards to their own breasts and backs, even to their faces just under their eyes. One of them, with a savage satisfaction, uncontrolled by thought, pressed both poignards so cloaely to his skin as to draw blood, just as boys do sometimes from sheer wantonness of energy. Then came a new dance, and when it was over we had out some horses of different breeds to look at- ugly little beasts, seme of them, but showing good points-evidently animals that would endure much work. On speaking of the riding of the men and training of the horses, our hosts offered to show what the Cossacks and their horses can do. In about a minute a straight run was cleared, a fur cap thrown down, and instantly a string of horsemen charged at full gallop. As they neared the cap each in turn swung himself round in his saddle, so as to reach the ground with his hand, and snatched at the cap. There were many misses, as there are at tent- pegging, and some tremendous falls but whenever the rider fell, though he rolled over like a ball, he kept hold of the bridle, and his little horse stopped short in full career. I threw down a little forage cap that 1 was wearing and offered a piece of money to the man who should pick it up. It was missed once, but seized by the second rider and held up in triumph. Then we sat down outside the colonel's tent to drink wine and tea, apparently without any apparent reason for one or the other, except that the evening was warm and that tea and wine correct each other. There were not many of us, but somehow or other we succeeded in finding the bottom of two small casks of wine amid a good deal of excited talk and healths. Always the men danced and sang out- side. A Cossack officer attached to the head-quarters of the Grand Duke arrived. We drank his health, and the men picked him up bodily and threw him into the air several times, always catching him again. He was big and burly, but the arms beneath him were strong and he rose and fell like a shuttlecock till, at a word from the Colonel, they set him down again. "There is nothing false or theatrical about these men. They axe simply following their national customs and their instincts, which are those of children. They are not Russians dressed up and called Cossacks, but the veritable descendants of Russian men who were banished to their present abode chiefly because their belief was not orthodox. Their women were not permitted to accompany them, so they began to make raids on the Caucasus for wives. Hence came two effeets. The beauty of the race was improved by the mixture of Circassian blood, and a desperate feud grew between the Terek Cossacks and the husbands or fathers of the stolen beauties, who did not, like the Sabine women, succeed in reconciling the antagonists. Thus, though always a mixed race from the beginning, it is a true race. Yet what do you suppose is the name and lineage of the commander ? His name is Lewis, of Maynar, and he is of Scotch extraction. Indeed, it is curious to see how many of the officers holding places in the service have foreign names. Whether the crossing of blood gives extra energy I know not, but certainly these Terek Cossacks have the energy and manners of children with the strength of men. If a visit is to be paid to another camp" a number of tlie Terek men go in a body, with wild -cries and the noise of a whole fair, to which alone can the absolute Charivari be at all compared. They pass by my waggon with shouting and beating of drums. Nothing seems to tire them out or lower their spirits. In this respect, as in others, they are grown-np children. But how well grown up Such chests and limbs as are seldom seen anywhere; broad shouldered, thin flanked, deep lunged, and showing by the brightness of their eyes and the animation of their expression that the body has been well nourished from infancy. Some of the movements of the dance were really graceful with the grace of straight, well-hinged limbs. In time of peace these Tereks produce five regiments, each 600 strong in war time the number of regiments is doubled. They bring their own horses, clothes, and arms the Government provides only rations, and these are supplemented by the men themselves, for they are great at foraging. They roam about here, and bring in huge bundles of grass for their clever little horses, and are paid only seven roubles each every four months. So then the Czar obtains this excellent Irregular Horse at the payment of less than £3 a year for each man and the absolute neces- saries in war, not including arms or clothing. Ifia man loses his horse in battle he either gets another or joins a company which fights on foot, for thev are trained shots and good skirmishers. The Cossks, too, furnish a guard for the Emperor, and are generally petted a little, though, with the pride of Irregulars, they think they are neglected in favour of the regular Cavalry. Their forefathers were pure Russians from Moscow and the Volga; their mothers the fairest among women. -No wonder they hold themselves by no means in cheap estimation. Though religious persecution drove those fathers in many cases from their homes, there are now among the men of each regiment many Mahomedans, who are known by their wearing white shirts instead of blue, and there appears to be no difference in their treatment from that of the others indeed, some of the merriest and best dancers were Mahomedans."