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DEATH OF MR. J. C. MARSHMAN. (From Tuesday's Times.) A very useful, if not a very distinguished career, ended on Sunday. Mr. John Clark Marshman, the eldest son of Dr. Marshman, the well known Baptist missionary of Serampore, was born in August 1794, accompanied his father to Serampore in 1800, and from 1812, when he was only 18, was the moving spirit of the large religious undertakings managed by Dr. Marshman and his colleagues. For nearly 20 years he held the position of a secular bishop, choosing, directing, and providing for a great body of mission- aries, catechists, and native Christians scattered in differents parts of Bengal, collecting and earning for them great sums of money, while living like hi3 colleagues on £ 200 a year, conducting an enormous correspondence, and, as appears from an entire litera- ture of pamphlets still in existence, quarrelling ener- getically with everybody whose zeal or intelligence he deemed inferior to his own. He at last decided to surrender the Mission, till then a sort of peculium, into the hands of the Baptist Mission, and thence- forward betook himself to secular work, though never abandoning his projects for the evangelisation of Bengal. He started a paper-mill-the only one in the country-founded the first newspaper in Bengalee, the Sumachar Durpun, established the first English weekly, the Friend of India, which in his hands speedily be- came a power, published a series of law books, one of which, the Guide to the Civil Law," was for years the civil code of India, and was probably the most pro- fitable law-book ever published, and started a Christian Colony on a large tract of land purchased in the Sunderbunds. All his undertakings except the last succeeded, and the profits and influence acquired through all were devoted in great measure to his favourite idea, that education must in India precede Christianity. He repeatedly risked the the suppres- sion of his paper by his determined advocacy of religious freedom, enlightenment, and open careers for natives, and, indeed, it would have been suppressed but for the strenuous support of the Kiug of Denmark, to whom Seraiijpori? LiitMi ttoiongm*. ",v¥1u otm aliiiuy* g-ling professional man he expended R30,000 on building and maintaining a College for the higher education of natives, a College still worked with the greatest efuccess. He endured for the sake of the same cause a curious form of persecution. Knowing Bengalee as only skilled native pundits know it, and law like a trained lawyer, he was asked by Government to become Official Translator, and after a mental struggle, for he de- tested the thankless work of the office, he accepted the post. The salary was Rl 'ooo a year. Mr. Marsh- man's impetuous ways had made him hosts of enemies, he was editor of his own journal, and for ten years he was abused every morning in language such as only Colonial newspapers use, as the "hireling of the Govern- ment." Although a morbidly proud and sensitive man, he bore the abuse in absolute silence fr.r ten years, never replying by a word of defence, and during the whole time paid away the whole salary every month in furthering the cause of education, and this in silence so complete that his own family win pro. bably learn the fact for the first time from this slight sketch. In addition to his labours as journalist, millowner, translator, compiler of law-books, and general referee on all religious questions, Mr. Marsh- man was an earnest student of Indian history, wrote the first, and for yeass the only history of Bengal, and prepared for his greater work the History of India, which he finished and published after his return to England in 1852. His knowledge of India, Indian affairs, and especially Indian finance, had gradually become profound. He was not a philosophical historian in any sense of the word, but his knowledge of his subject appeared to be almost limitless. He had, as Sir John Kaye, just before his death, said in the Academy, read every book, andalmost every manuscript in existence relating to India, and could relate the measures and feats of the British Viceroys as if he had been private secretary to all of them. In England, how- ever, he was not recognized; he failed after four sharp contests in entering Parliament Sir Charles Wood, unaware of his special official merit, his great capacity for managing the details of finance, refused him a seat in the Indian Council, and though his services to edu- cation were, at the instigation of Lord Lawrence, tardily recognized by the grant of the Star of India, he was compelled to occupy himself in the affairs of the East India Railway, where as chairman of the Committee of Audit he rendered most efficient, but, of course, unrecognized service, and in writing books like his History of India and the Lives of Carey and Marshman. To the last he remained always an Indian, caring principally for the fortunes of the great Empire he had helped to guide, and lending the aid of his apparently endless knowledge to any one who consulted him, and who knew enough to know whrll he ,vas obtaining freRh material. He was finish- ing when he died a complete series of biographies of the Viceroys—a work which will now scarcely appear—and may have left a paper he was strongly urged to prepare, summing up the conclusions about India to which his long and varied experience had brought his mind. Those conclusions were startlingly opposed to those of many of his contemporaries, but were held with im- movable tenacity. Among them were these—that India could never be converted by Europeans, and that the business of missionaries was to raise up "native apostles that India could be safely governed for £ 30,000,000 a year, and that all the rest was wasted on irritating over-government and timid military pre- cautions that natives ought to be admitted to every office, military and civil, except the Executfve Council that no public works, except railways, should be aided by the State; and that the next phase of the history of the Peninsula would be, probably after the lapse of another century, an attempt at self-government as a vast Mussulman power, with a new, and probably extremely separate, civilisation. He rarely spoke of his fixed ideas, how- ever, turning them over in his mind for himself, jURt as in earlier years he had turned over and concealed his knowledge till of all who knew Mr. Marshman probably not three were aware that he had given years to Chinese, that he had read intelligently all the great Sanscrit poems, and that he once knew Persian as thoroughly as most diplomatists know French. The World remarks:—"Few old Indians will be more regrettod than Mr. John Clarke Marshman, who died on Sunday last in his eighty-fourth year. There was no man since Mr. Kaye's death who had so thorough and familiar a knowledge of the records of our great Eastern Empire and his History of India is by far the most readable and useful work of the kind ever published. He preserved his activity of mind and body almost to the very last, continually ready, aided by the most devoted of wives, to take the lead in all works of kindness and charity a man of high character and lofty principles, in every way a worthy son of John Marshman, the good missionary of Serampore. There are many natives of India who 1 remember Marshman Sahib' as the kindest- hearted Englishman who ever dwelt among them."

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