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CONSTANTINOPLE & ASIATIC TURKEY.

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CONSTANTINOPLE & ASIATIC TURKEY. Seeing that British manufacturers have, for the time being, exhausted every available market for their wares, and no new field is opening, and many old ones are closing, it may prove of in- terest to our readers to take some uoto of the EasternQuestion in its tangible aspect of 'British Interests.' England being a nation whose pros- perity is absolutely dependent upon industrial and commercial pursuits, it is to our interest j that the capital of Turkey should be in the hands of those that will most encourage British trade. Constantinople geographically is destined to at- tain a position of paramount mercantile import- ance in the future, when the resources of Turkey are vigorously developed, and it becomes the vast eutrepot for receiving and distributing Eastern and Western imports. Amongst tLe numerous papers and discussions to which the Eastern question has given rise, the following facts and ideas deserve due conbiderationIt, i is a familiar fact in the history of commerce ] that trade with the East has invariably exerted ) an expanding influence upon the wealth and population of all the ancient and modern em- poriums to which it has Sowed. The opulouce and luxtity-of Tyre were derived from Eastern commerce at a period before England had emerged from a condition of barbarism. While the Persian Gulf constituted the highway of trade between the East and the West, Bussorah and Palmyra flourished, and when the same traffic was diverted up the Red Sea, these mag- nificent cities withered away, and Alexandria I became the chief distributing centre of trade with the East for a season. The discoverv of the Cape resulted in the transfer of a considerable I proportion of Eastern commerce to Spain, Portu- gal, England, and the Netherlands. And to her sovereignty over Iudia for more than a century is Great Britain mainly indebted for her com- mercial supremacy among the nations. The rapid multiplication of mechanical appliances, the consequent marvellously increasing power of agricultural and manufacturing production in Eastern Asia and Western Europe, the un- ceasiug extension of facilities for locomotion tending to bring the two hemispheres into closer relationship, the gradual transformation of Ori- ental ideas under European influence-the operation of these forces in combination cannot fail to lead to exchange of products between the East and the West upon a scale without parallel in the past. At the Bosphorus as the point of junction between Europe and Asia- the most commanding mercantile position in the world—the reciprocal tides of commerce we have indicated will inevitably meet. A glance at the hundred aud eighty khans foanded by tbe Osmanli Sultans, the busy haunts of tra- velling merchants, and the numerous bazaars of Constantinople, in which are exposed for sale the fabrics of every Eastern and Western country, show commerce to be the dominant characteristic of that city and its inhabitants, j The different trades are partitioned off in eepa- rate districts as systematically as in London, The Turk is essentially a trader, and commerce is closely allied to his religion for the Koran shrewdly inculcates that even pilgrimages to distant shrines should be made an occasion for transacting profitable'secular business. British interests dictate, itlierefore, that a location of such matchless importance, inhabited by a com- munity so industrious and enterprising, should be jealously guarded from the grasp of a Power pre-eminently distinguished by commercial ex- clusiveness. By a gradual multiplication of fiscal imposts, within the last few years Russia ¡ has greatly restricted the importation of English fabrics aDd British manufacturers and mer- chants may surely reckon that every inch of II territory conquered by the great Northern Power proportionately limits the area of our tra'ie. I With a population of nearly 86,000,-000, Russia, in 1875, imported British goods to the value of £ 8,059.524. On the aÍJd, Ttirkey, with one-third of that number of inhabitants, pur- chased in the same year British merchandise to the value of R-5,889,905, and the commercial policy of the latter country is known for two hundred years to have been distinguished by singular liberality.

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THE WAR.

RULES FOR MATRIMONY.

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