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FROM PONTYPOOL TO CALCUTTA

A MODEL WORKHOUSE.

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A MODEL WORKHOUSE. Mr Hewit, the master of the workhouse at Newcastlo-on-Tyne, contends that if workhouses were properly managed they could be rendered self-supporting and he has gone far, in the case of the establishment which he manages, to make good his proposition. The workhouse has over 900 pauper inmates to be provided for. There are seventeen acres of land belonging to the house, and in 1878 the whole of the pota- toes, turnips, cabbages, aud carrots required for th.e inmates were raised upon it, besides X160 worth sold to the public. For the present year the produce is much better, and the master has sold cabbages from the ground at the rate of £ 40 tire acre. No workjiouse industry, says Mr Hewit, is so remunerative as that connected with the land. He is of opinion that to make this work profitable every workhouse should have land attached, in the proportion of one rood to every inmate over ten years of age. With land cows can be kept and milk supplied for the children and aged poor. Pigs may be kept in almost any number; being mostly fed from the land produce and the house refuse. On this small farm Y,100 worth of pork was killed for the house besides this, in the same year, pigs of the value of Y,36 were sold. There were many other benefits. direct and contingent, aris- ing from land culture but the guardians have also turned their attention very earnestly to in- dustrial occupations within the walls of the house. All the boots and shoes are made there. Fourteen boys are allotted to this business, and they are said to be learnio-g the craft very well. The tailoring is done by another set of boys fourteen are also engaged here, doing all the tailoring for the inmates. But one of the most intesting employments is that of converting the waste Australian meat tins to useful purposes. Four of the pauper boys are trained for tin- smiths and they make for the house all such articles as pots, washbasins, cans, kettles, and teapots, from the refuse tins. Six boys have been taught painting, and employ their skill as required upon the house. Eight boys are taught carpentering. They renew and repair old work, and make tables and cupboards. Four boys are told off for smiths' work, and four for plumb- ers' work, and two for coopers' work. The work- house has a band of music engaging 40 haads, which has been a great success. The girls can make the whole of their under-clothing, and it is intehded that they shall make their own dresses. Girls old enough are taught kitchen- work and cooking before being placed out in service. In short, the Newcastle house is an institution for work in fact as well as in name.

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THE RECTOR OF MERTHYR AT BLAENAVON.

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E LITTLE GOSSIP,

.RIDDLE.

ESTON HALL.

,.FIAPTER 11.