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(UlctrasKiii^ai 6oSStp. l (d: d t -l .J IJ;') 1p. BY UUlt CC:iSKil'UXI>ENT. remarks under this head riie to be regarded as the ex- P?"V3ion 01 independent opinion.•-run the pen of a gentleman ,'i -"hom we h:ive the greatest confidence, but for wIiicL. we levertheiess do not hold ourselves responsible.] Politics have of late been dull, and even now there is no ureat amount of political feeling animating society. The Irish Church question is the topic that creates the post interest of all public questions, and the action of the Honse of Lorù", is still speculated upon with more or less interest. Whether their lordships will or will n reject the bill on the second reading is a disputed point, but the balance of opinion appears to be on the side of the negative. On dit that Lord Derby will move the rejection of the measure and the Irish Pro- testant Defence Association are urging the Conserva. tive members of their lordships" house to throw out the bill; but whether thera is to be a discussion on the second reading, and if so, with what result remains to be seen. I incline to the opinion that the bill will pass the House of Lords, and that this session we shall be rid of a very troublesome subject. The commercial community especially, and society generally, are much interested in the improvement of the Bankruptcy law, which will shortly engage the attention of Parliament. The bill which, as amended, will be urged forward is a great improvement on the law as it stands. Ore grand refoim will he its econo- mical wotk ng. Eight district commi-sioners, eleven registrars, and several (fficial ass gnees are to be abolished £14,000 a year will be saved in the Lon- don court alone; aT d the entire sa* ing w 11 be some £ïO,UOU a. year. The way n which bankrupt's t stat. s have been eaten up by official cormorants hitherto is disgraceful, and the reform will not come a bit too soon. Though the Attorney-General is answerable for the bill, it is not a party measure, and it is earnestly to be hoped that it may pass. It bad been rumoured that her Majesty intended to pay a visit to the Isle of Man, but it seems the rumour was without foundation. Had the Queen paid the island a visit how fashionable the quiet little place would have become Tourists would, no doubt, have flocked there from all parts, and hotel and lodging ac. commodation would have been at a premium. I wonder whether there is also no truth in the rumour that her Ivlajesty intends to pay a visit to Germany in the a>ltnmn. There is always some rumour or other re- lative to the probable movements of the Queen, but Very little dependence can be placed upon them. The affection with which her Majesty is regarded will fully account for the fondness of people for speculating on her possible, or probable journeyings. It is now rather more than three years since that terrible crash, the failure of Overend, Gurney and Co., created such a panic in the commercial world, and entailed such severe losses in many a domestic circle and the effects of that and other failures are still felt. Iut commercially we have been for some time in a state of what we may call slow convalescence, and we are, it is to be hoped, approaching a condition of perfect health. Merchants and tradesmen still com- plain that commerce and trade are dull, and the directors of limited liability companies almost uni- versally refer to the difficulties they have had to pass through. But undoubtedly trade is slowly improving. j With regard to the labour market the emigration movement ii having a good effect, but it is to be lamented that greater efforts are not made to send out the really poor. There are families, who are pauper families here, who would do well in Canada or Australia if they could be sent out and only get a fair start. But nevertheless the labour market is being gradually relieved of some of the pressure by the steps which have already been taken. Some people are very fond of talking of sending out the bone and inew of the country." But we have plenty more bone and sinew left. Apropos of emigration, it has long been a common complaint in England that young men do not., propGse" as young men used to èo, and the rea- sons a-signed are the increased cost of living, the greater fierceness of competition among the employed class, the more luxurious requirements of girls of the period, and so on. Probably the complaints of this kind are exag- gerated, though there is no doubt some foundation for them. It cannot be too widely known therefore that gills who desire to marry—and those who don't are of course the minority—can find husbands in Canada. Mr. J. A. Donaldson, the chief emigration agent in Canada, writing to a friend here says, "Even the better class that are receiving high wages in England would do Well to come here on the chance of getting married to the young farmers and tradespeople. I have had no less than nine girls married out of my own house, in five years, to farmers' sons, and all of them aie now doing well. Now then, young ladies, who wants a hus- band ? At a time when horse-racing and the consequent betting oefcupies so much attention as it now does, it is satisfactory to-find that in many places the keepers of bttting-houses have been fined, and thus a severe blow dealt to the pernicious system of betting. That is a social evil I think cannot well be denied, fer its ill effects are too patent to be ignored and, if so, our laws ought certainly to aim at its suppression. It is very easy to say that betting is not immoral, or that, even if it is, it is not possible to make people moral by Act of Parliament; but Parliament never- theless can make just laws and enforce them. That we cannot do all that we could wish, is no argument for not doing all that we can towards a desirable end. We cannot prevent betting at Tattersall's, at the clubs, or in private houses, but, in conjunction with the licensing system or without reference to it, we can put down betting in public-houses, and the more the Act of Par- liament in that case made and provided is enforced, the better for the public at large. The arrangements for the great Metropolitan Horse Show are progressing satisfactorily, and it is likely to be an unusually interesting: exhibition. The hippo- drome where the horses will be exhibited and called to show their powers and good points will be larger than usual, while there will be larger accommodation for us bipeds than ever. But the leading attraction for many visitors will probably be the velocipedes and velocipedists, and it is expected that some very clever performances will be gone through. There are to be also a large fancy bazaar, a promenade concert, and a fine display of carriages, domestic inventions, &c., so that altogether the Agricultural Hall will probably have an immense number of visitors during the five days it will be open to the public. Paper has, ever since its invention, played an im- portant part in the world—what vast influence has been exerted bv what has been written or printed on paper!—but it would se n. that it is now about to receive a new development. Paper colars and cuffs, shirt-fronts, etc., are common enough; but now piper of a peculiar kin called fel'ed paper, has been em- ployed in the manufacture of 1 idins" petticoats, either printed in imitation of the fashion ble skirts of the period, or stamped With "openwork," as the ladies call it, of such beauty and delicacy as no fair worker iimid rival. You can have a paper petticoat my bdy reader, for 6d., but I will not say where, fi r kat Would be a puff. We can also have imitation chintzes and cretonne* for bed furniture table-cloths (if cloth is the proper name) embossed with beautiful designs and even table-napkins. But this stuff won't bend, it may be objected. Yes it wll, it is quite flexible— so much so that ycu may twist up a table "clo h made of this felted paper, and shake it out :igain, and it will positively show no more creases thdn if the n aterial were linen or chintz. Why this will ruin the linen trade some one may exclaim. Not so, it is to be hopt d we sLall have a new industry, that is all. People are particularly interested just now in the partial ascents of the monster balloon, in the Ashburn- ham grounds, and some are gratified by the new sensation of a seat in the car as the monster rises as high as its masters will permit it to go. It is a Brob- dignagian toy, that is all, as balloons still are, though it is a century sillce the first balloon made an ascent. So long ago as 1794 a balloon was made use of to recon- noitre an enemy's army, and I am not aware that we have now, in this year of grace 1869, got beyond this practical use of ballooning. It is sixty-six years since a man descended in a parachute from a balloon, and even now the experiment is too hazardous to be made. Some day, perhaps, ballooning may be made a science, but at present we are just as far off as was Galien, who wrote on aerostation in 1755, with regard to navi- gating the air. All the sails and rudders, all the wings and oars, have failed, and the aeronaut is now just as much at the mercy of the winds as he ever was. It is indeed marvellous that we know so little about the wine's. Geologists can tell us, or they say they can tell Ui the nature of the ground miles and miles helow us the heavenly bodies are mapped out, it is to be presumed, with accuracy, and at all events an eclipse can be predicted to a second a century or so before it occurs it is said that the exact weight of the planets can be determined and many other wondrous triumphs of science have been effected but the winds are still our master. It is as true now as when the words were uttered by the Divine Teacher, "the wind bloweth where itlisteth, but thou canst not tell whence it cometh nor whither it goeth."

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