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- ^ONTYrOOL, PAST & PRESENT.¡

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^ONTYrOOL, PAST & PRESENT. ¡ No. IiXXXlII. yOTES UPON IR TREYOR WILLIAMS. To the Editor of the Pontypool Free Press. From the diary of an officer of the Kipg's Guards who marched with him during the years 1644 and 1645, we find that it was on the 11th of September that Sir Trevor was committed The king arrived at Raglan on the 7th from the city of Hereford. That city being then besieged by the Scots, on the 3rd he marched to Bromyard in order to raise the siege of Hereford. The enemy, hearing of his approach, retired on the 1st. On the 4th, he, with his own regiment, went to Hereford, where he knighted the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Throgmorton, and Sir William Z, Layton, the Lieutenant-Colonel of his Life- guards of Foot." On the 5th he went to Leo- minster on the 6th—" Satterday, the King determined to goe to Aburgeny, but 'twas altered his Majesty went to Hereford." On the fullowing day, the 7th, he marched to Raglan, his guards being quartered at Trygare and in the neighbouring district. On the 11th the king, attended by his guards, went to Abergavenny, in order to commit five gentle- men who were accused of being" chief hinder- el's from releving Hereford," the accused per- sons being Sir Trevor Williams (" but he was bayled,") Mr Morgan of T. (Qu., Tredegar?) Mr Herbert of Coldbrook (the name of the other, M r Baker, he leaves blank.) It may be remarked, as showing the insecurity of the times, that in a list he gives of the principal gentry of the county, he gives the names of Morgan of Tredegar and St'r William Herbert of Coldbrook as adherents of the king. Sir Trevor Williams and both Mr William Baker and Mr Henry Baker he leaves without any observation as to which party they were con- tidered to adhere. Langebby" Castle he de- scribes as strong and inhabited and fortified; sixty men in it." Whii.-fc we are upon the subject of the arrest cf Sir Trevor Williams, it may be as well to look at the real state of the country, and the cause of the distrust that existed be- tween the king's immediate personal attend- ants and council and the country gentlemen, and not accept the statement of the chaplain of an adherent as final and conclusive as to the disloyalty of some of the gentry of this and the adjining counties. It is well known that the license allowed to their troops by many of the royalist commanders had disgusted many of the king's truest and most sincere friends. In order to proceed upon sure ground, I will take a few extracts from the royalist Lord Clarcn- e m's History. Gerrard was the king's general I In Z-1 ever South Wales. It was intended to raise more troops for the king's service, "And no- thing can be here more wondered at, than that the king should amuse himself about forming new army in countias which had been vexed and worn out icxth the oppressions of his own t¡.oúp.s, and the license of those governors whom ha had put over them." Again, the king" went c, zn A. o T:. et the commissioners for South Wales at AuC'gavenny, the chief town in Monmouth- shir?. And as they were' for the most part OI.OT58 of the best quality, and the larger J1tlap of those counties, so they had mani- fested great loyalty and affection, trom the bc- ginning of the war, by sending many good re- giments to the army, and with them their sons and brothers and nearest kindred, many of whom had lest their lives bravely in the field. But he found in a short time that, either by the continijed successes of the parliamentary armies in all places, or by the renewed smart which the presence of their governor, Geueral Gerrard, gave them (who had been and continued to be a passionate and most un- flivilxull cultivator of the affections of the people, as having governed them u ith extraordinary rigour, and with as little courtesy and civility towards the gentry, as towards the common people.") When the king bad to relieve Here- ford, To provide for this there could be no better way found out than to direct the sheriffs of those Welsh counties to summon their posse comdatus, whereby the king was persuaded to hope that there would be men enough to wait upon him in that expedition. But it was quicky discovered that this expedient had raised an unruly spirit that could not easily be suppressed again for the discontented gentle- n Z!1 men of those counties, now they had gotten the people legally together, put them in mind of the injuries they had received from Gene- ral Gerrard, and the intolerable exactions they lay under, which would undoubtedly be in- creased if he continued in that government.' So they provided a long list of grievances, from all which they desired to be relieved.. All this was so sturdily urged, that a body of no less than four thousand men conti- nued together many days, and would not be separated till the king was ev(.n compelled to give them satisfaction in the particular they most insisted upon, which was the removal of General Gerrard from having any command over them." When we have such a picture of the state of the country as this, drawn, be it remembered, by the royalist historian himself, we may well hesitate before we believe Sir Trevor and his as- sociates guilty of disloyalty to their sovereign. It must be remembered that the arrests took place after the remonstrance, and it seems very probable that that proceeding was resorted to as a punishmeTif for having dared to show the grievances un<k r which the country laboured, and using perhaps uncourteous language in supporting th.ir complaints against their ty- rannic governors. J. B. -:0:-

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