HictropaiitaiT 6assxp. vCR ¡VN CORRESPONDENT. [The remarks under this head are to be regarded as the ex- pression of independent opinion, from the pen of a gentleman in whom we have the greatest confidence, but for which wc nevertheless do not hold ourselves responsible.] Perhaps both great political parties in the two Houses of Parliament are glad that the heat and strife of debate have for a time ceased, and that the flag of truce has been raised to stop the battle over the Irish Church. But the outside public are doubtless glad that the contest has for a time ceased, and that the war has arrived at such a stage when rest can be con- veniently taken. Ere long the struggle will be renewed on a different part of the same battle plain, and as far as can be judged by the relative numbers of the con- tending forces, victory will declare itself on the same side as before. The first Napoleon remarked that Providence was always on the side of the gros bataillons (a remark, by the way, that history has not always verified,) and this is generally true of political battles. It is said that the House of Lords will have a severe struggle over the second reading of the bill, but it is also said that they will not, and that they will accept the second reading without a division, trusting to the committee for any modifications o the measure that the Conservative party may be able to obtain. For the moment, however, the public do not appear to take much interest in the question, and calmly await the renewal of the contest when it shall be transferred to the luxurious upper chamber. The recent news from Paris has created considerable interest here. Everything connected with the French elections is so orderly, compared with what it is in our own country, that the news of an electoral disturbance in Paris comes upon us by surprise. M. Ollivier appears to have been the innocent cause of the tumult, but it is difficult to understand how his remarks should cause such intense excitement. The spark which pro- duced the explosion was this—his saying that the empire was based, not on the coup d'etat, but on universal suffrage a remark which the majority of his auditors seem to have considered just the reverse of the truth. Then came disorder and confusion, seditious cries and wild revolutionary speeches to an excited crowd, shouts of "Vi1:e la repubhque!" and, most ominous of all, the singing of the forbidden Marseil- laise And it is quite right that this bloodthirsty ■ong should be forbidden. It is full of rant and fury, and is more adapted to a tribe of wild Indians than to a nation of civilised people. Egorgez vos enfants There is philosophy for you Why all the tyranny in the world does not warrant such hideous advice. The ex-May or of Cork, who so kindly relieved the British Government from a difficulty by municipally disestablishing himself, was being rapidly forgotten when his name crops up again as having left his country for his country's good." He has, it seems, gone to Germany, intending to stay at a curative watering place for some weeks." Of what then is he to be cured? Was he bodily or mentally afflicted? Was it monomania or brain-fever, or jaundice (he took a jaundiced view of English Government), or hypcchon dria ? Seriously, I wish him no harm, though I con- fess to a malicious chuckle at the thought that his Clire will occupy some weeks nor should I have been sorry had his medical attendants advised him to go not to Germany, but to Jericho No improvement in our coinage has perhaps ever been more popular than that which lessened our copper money in size, and gave us pretty handy coins instead of the clumsy money we had previously had. All the old copper is now called in to be re-coined, and after the last day of the present year the former coinage will not be a legal tender. But the royal proclamation which announces this fact, does not tell us what to do with our old copper money in case we get any. Even Londoners canot be expected to run to the Mint with sixpenny-worth of old coppers, to get new ones in exchange. Somehow or another, no doubt, the object will be effected, or nearly so, but I confess not to be able to see how it will be done. All the old coin taken at the Government establishments will, of course, be stopped and forwarded to the Mint; but what is a poor old woman, for instance, to do with an old penny she may now happen to take ? People have already become very chary of taking this old copper, and even refuse to do so. I believe it is the correct thing to say of trial by jury that it is the palladium of British liberties, and twelve men in a box are supposed to be a guarantee for justice individually, relatively, and collectively. And trial by jury no doubt is a very grand thing—for the prisoner, but it is not quite so glorious an institu- tion for the juryman themselves, who for the time being are prisoners also. One British juryman writes to complain that he served on a jury for six weeks, and that he received for this service the munificent sum of 18s. I cannot but think that abuses of this kind might easily be remedied. Jurymen might be taken more from the unoccupied classes than they now are, and when a tradesman, a professional man, or a working man is taken from his employment he ought certainly to be paid a reasonable remuneration. And perhaps we might abolish the grand jury system alto- < gether, or at all events reduce their number by one 1 half. I have had the misfortune to be on the so-called grand jury several times, and on no one occasion could I discover that either my fellow-jurymen or myself were of the slightest use. The Poet Laureate has a new poem nearly ready, but has not quite settled about the title, it is said. These great poets are marvellously particular about every word, and it is related of Rogers that he came up by train from Sydenham, and posted in a cab to Messrs. Bradbury and Evans's, to alter the word that to which, in a sheet of his poems that was just going to press. We are to have yet another monthly magazine, but then it is to absorb two existing magazines— Woman.'« World and Kettledrum. I suppose there are persons extant who have seen the last-named, but I am not of the number. It may have had a good reputation for aught I know, but it had a bad name; and give a magazine a bad name and hang it A forthcoming Low Church periodical is announced under a very strange name, The Latter Rain." The words are very beautifully used in the Bible, but they seem out of place as the title of a publication. A new daily paper in the interests of the advocates of the Permissive Bill is to be started in Newcastle. Nothing like the Press for the advocacy of any views whatsoever. The defeat of this bill in the House of Commons the other day, by a large majority, only spurs on its supporters to further efforts. Even those who object to the measure propc sed must admire the spirit of enterprise to be thus displayed in support of it. Some few amendments in the Sea Birds Preservation Bill will probably be accepted by the Commons from the Lords, and then this bill will soon after the recess become law, much to the satisfaction of the sea birds if they could only take a human view instead of a bird's-eye view of things. But why are pigeons merci- lessly to be shot by a body of sporting noblemen and gentlemen of the Gun Club and the Hurlingbam Park Club? A writer signing himself "Poor Pigeon," reminds us that the pigeon at this season of the year is engaged in incubation, and perhaps feels inclined to sing Oh, would I were a gull!" for gulls are to be protected while pigeons are shot by "swells." Just so, the pigeons have ample cause for complaint. But it is a very aristocratic sport just now, if sport it can be called, as anybody can see by glancing at the names of those who pull the inglorious trigger when "poor pigeon" rises from his trap. Though the fact be not chronicled, I am told that thousands of pounds change hands during one of these shooting matches. Is Wandsworth Common no man's land," Crown property, the property of the people, the lord of the manor, or what ? At any rate it appears to be dis- appearing gradually, and, so to speak, going into the pockets of builders. A case brought before a police magistrate brings out some curious facts. A gentle- man is summoned for maliciously destroying a fence. He admits the destruction, but denies the malice, and he urges that a railway company had enclosed about ten acres, not for the purposes of their Act, and had then sold it, "in a quiet sort of way," to a builder About 150 acres of land have been inclosed in this way during the last fifteen years. In this particular case the summons was dismissed, the magistrate remarking that the question of right had been raised. Yes, and the question of right—a matter that interests the public at large—has been often raised before, but it seems never to be settled. The new park at Fins- bury has been gradually stolen—really the word is not too strong—from the people in much the same way, and nobody knows who is to blame, who is to remedy the evil, or how to prevent the continuance of it. To me it appears that our laws about Commons and Waste Lands are "aw a muddle," as Dickens's hero in "lIard Timeli" puts it. No less than £128,000 has been voted this year for keeping up the parks and pleasure-grounds •f London—and quite right say I, as a denizen of the metropolis, though people living a couple of hundred miles off may think differently-and yet our suburban commons are being eaten away, not by inches, but by aeres and it seems nobody's business to stop it. Secretary required to a company of national im- portance. Salary good; hours 12 to 4 vacation six weeks. Suitable only to a gentleman of position. j230 required towards expenses." I think I have seen that advertisement before. If I were cross-examined I might admit I had seen it a dozen or twenty times during the last year or so, and almost, if not quite, in the self-same words. I do not know that L should much object to such a berth. Salary good "—yes, that's it; "hours 12 to 4 "—very good; not fatiguing, and just enough to employ your mind; "vacation six weeks"—good again with salary good one might have a nice continental trip during that perio.L "Gentleman of position"—ah, '.veil, we will suppose I all tha; we are all gentlemen you know, by courtesy, and we all have" position" of some sort. required -ay, there's the rub! Pourquoi I Why should a sum of which Mr. Mantalini would speak disrespectfully, in connection with so aristocratic a berth, be required ? I leave the reader to answer.
The editor of a New Haven paper is called by i- temporary a "moral hyena, who would lJ"heaU6 the >1 for weans to villify th" living, alii] wh, tongue drip with gall IInd aquafortis comp1iment:try outpourillg is that. ecoLowy of llature to casLibate mOl
LUNCH IN A BALLOON! (From the Daily News.) An invitation to a luncheon in the car of a balloon sounds at first ahout as singular as an invitation to breakfast in a diving bell, or to dinner in a pneumatic tube. Such an invitation was, however, forwarded to us on Thursday and remembering that ere this ball- quets have been held within gasometers and brewers' vats, and that even London aldermen have feasted in sewers, there seems after all nothing very incongruous in selecting the car of a balloon for the same whole- some purpose. To this day the visitor to the pretty little town of Sceaux, near Paris, can eat his lapia saute in a summer-house perched upon the topmost branches of the trees at Robinson and in certain parts of the metropolis it is considered a refinement of luxury to take refreshment upon public-house roofs, to which quite a rural air is imparted by stonecrop on parapets and scarlet runners on strings. Why not, therefore, a luncheon in the car of a balloon ? The proprietors of the captive balloon now making daily ascents from the Ashburnham-grounds, Chelsea, from whom our invitation proceeded, evidently saw no reason why they should not entertain their guests in their own manner and we, after partaking of their hospitality, are certainly not inclined to find fault with their arrangements. The thing might, it is true, be carried too far. We should not, for instance, care to take our meals in a balloon every day, or even to lunch there every day. In the height of the summer it might be agreeable to sit a thousand feet or so above the top of St. Paul's, and sip something soothing or dally with one's knife and fork but in the long run a salle-k-manger suspended fifteen hun- dred feet in mid air would seem somewhat too lofty and ambitious, even although there were no stairs to climb in order to reach it. Once now and then, however, there is something rather novel and exhilarating in treating the car of a balloon as though it were a dining-room or a railway buffet, and in eat- ing a repast among the clouds. Sooth to say, however, the clouds were not reached on Thursday. The invi- tation stated that the luncheon would take place in the air, weather permitting. Now the weather did not permit, and therefore the luncheon was, for the most part, consumed close to the ground. To understand the arrangements made, however, it should be stated that the balloon is secured by a very stout cable, coiled round a windlass worked by steam machinery. It is also fastened by strong tackle to rings fixed in the ground, and to posts supporting the high canvas walls of the immense arena in the middle of which it stands. When the order has been given to let go all these fastenings, the windlass has only to be unwound, and the huge ball steadily risea as the cable is. paid out. It rit's steadily; that is to say, if the wind is gentle. On Thursday, however, the wind was not gentle, but inclined to be somewhat rude—nay, even bo:sterol1s. As a natural conf<equence, when the balloon ha.d ascended some 280 or 3C0 feet into the air, it seemed to chafe against the leading-strings in which it was held, and to manifest a strong desire to go off on its own account upon an aerial voyage. The trusty cab e giving no encouragement ta these wild vagaries, something like a struggle took place between the two, the car of course lurching, and rocking too and fro, and its inmates enjovmg something of the sensation which is experienced during a storm on shipboard. For a few moments it seemed as though the destruc- tion of glass and crockery would be disastrous. But a touching conservative instinct had impelled every man to look after the bottle that was before him, and the plate that was stiil unemptied, and the damage done, therefore, was inconsiderable. In a few wo- ments more the balloon steadily descended to the place whence it had ari>en, and the trip was at an end. The luncheon had commenced before this brief ascent, and it was continued now with undiminished spin1 notwithstanding the disappointment the company had met with owing to the unruly strngth of the north- east wind. Mr. Glaisher had been unanimously voted into the chair, which was purely a figurative one, for every one and the work of toast making and returning thanks went on as earnestly as though the scene of tll. festivities were the London I avern or Fishmongers' HalL Air. Glaisher emphatically protested against the belief that the balloon is a mere toy, and alluded to the scientific investigations which he had carried out by its aid. That it would be of yet further service to science there could be no doubt, and special inteiest attached to it from the efforts now being methodically made to solve the great problem of aerial navigation. Mr. Glaisher then referred to the Aeronautical Socit t., and alluded in highly complimentary terms to the presi- dent, Lord Dufferin, who was one of the company. His lordship, in replying, modestly said that he could take no credit for himself in that capacity. What he had done for the Aeronautical Society was much tht same as was done by a bag of sand in the car of t balloon. He had merely given it a little weight ^rosvenor, as another member cf thi *v humorous remarks, in the same sense, and air. Frederick W. Brearey, the Hon. Sec- retary, followed by expressing his conviction that the problem of aerial navigation was at least in a fair way of beimj scientifically investigated, and perhaps of being practically solved. 1\1 W. Fonvielle, the scientific editor of the Paris Librrte, spoke with nuith eirnestness upon the same .-ubjr-ct, and when a couple of hours or so had been spent in this pleasant manner, the company separated with an undertaking to meet again another evening, when it is to be hoped the weather will be favonrahle to a more satisfactory trip. It was stated that the Duke of Sutherland would be of the party, and that perhaps Lady Dufferin would join it. No ladies were present on Thursday, but many are expected to make the ascent during the season. It may be well to state that the proprietors of the captive balloon claim to have taken every precaution to ensure the safety of the pub'ic. The car, which is nearly forty feet in circumference, will comfortably hold thirty persons. Twenty-two stood in it yesterday and lunched without inconvenience. There is not Innch fear, therefore, of overcrowding. Every time an ascent is made an experienced aeronaut will be in the car, and unless the weather is favourable the balloon will not go up. This latter condition is to be rigidly adhered to under all circumstances.
THE SICK POOR OF PARIS. The Lancet contains a description of the new Central M igaz ne of Palis, from which the hospitals berea.ux de bienfaisance and maisons de secours are fupplied with every possible necessary. Here are stored the personal effects of those who have died in the public hospitals, and whose friends are unable to redeem the ri lies, which they readily ca.n do by paying the fees for hospital treatment. Here are old men's chairs, and piles of weli-worn arms and legs. Here are feathers and occasionally brilliants. And all this lumber is sold off every three months. Ttie store is disposed in blocks, lettered and num- bered. There is exquisite neatness, order, and cl-an- linehs. Hospital sheets, pillowcases, &c., are all of regulated quality. The bandages are of the softest texture. The work is executed by the poor, who make all the clot hing. In anothbr rlepartment the hardware and crockery are kept. Contrivances for the use of the sick, such as crachoirs, murht-lamps, tisane pots, little goblets, phials. brushes, &c.—everything, in fact, from a "mar- wite" to a mousetrap. In the food department there are sacks of haricots, peas. rice, lentils, and semolina, and all of the best quality. Above all are the stores of made-up clothing grouped in squares, each square belonging to a special hospital. There are packets of layettes in astonishing numbers, each of which consist of twenty-seven articles. Then there are trouserings for orphans of every age, from one to eighteen years. There is the toilette for orphan girls of two or three years, and trousseaux for young women. Here, also, are huge bundles of hospital linen, made up hy the sick and so complete is the system that not a yard of linen nor a child's pinafore can be lost. Lastly, there are piles of hospital beds, mattresses, and the light, warm edred-ms under which almost the poorest contrive to sleep. Then there is a department for cutting out, and another in which mending is con- tinually go;ng on. In every corner there is seen the moral and pecuniary value of order.
Utistclkmmis Intelligence, HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLONIAL. THE CORONATION OATH.—We (Law Journal) have observed that, at meetings in various parts of the United Kingdom, speakers have inveighed in virulent language against the contingency of the Queen assent- ing to the Irish Church Bill, on the ground that such an act would constitute a breach of her coronation b u ke to warn such persons that to charge the Sovereign with a breach of her coronation oath is a grave contempt against her person and govern- ment, and punishable as a misdemeanour at common law with tine "nd imprisonment. A MN CRUS-HILD TO DIJATH.—On Saturday James Capper, a boatman, was driving a mule, which was drawing two boats along the canal from Manches- ter to Leigh. Near the Boothstown bridge he went within the rope line, nearest the water, when the mule took fright, and, suddenly starting off, drew the rope tight. Capper was caught by it and thrown into the water, and before he could get out one of the boats came up and dashed him against the side, which at this point is formed of stone. Two men on bo,rd went to his rescue, but on getting him out they found that he had been fearfully crushed between the boat and the canal bank, and that he was quite dead. FEARFUL ATTACK BY A BULL.—Mr. Roche, a far.uer, residing near Wexford, was pa cing through one of his fields the other day, when ne was attacked by his bull. The bull knocked him down, trampled upon him, and hutted him until he lay quite uncon- scious ou the field. When the bull retired, all the cows in the field gathered round Mr. Roche, and remained in a circle regarding, as if ill wonder, 11Ïs prostrate fonti. When raised from the ground he was quite insensible, and it is feared that the internal injuries he has re- ceive i may pruve fatal. CIIUKCH LIVII>GS FOR SALE—The rectory of Onebury, near Ludlow, is to be sold by auction in July. ID is described as being worth £530 a year, the patron being the Earl of Craven.—The rectory of Westborough- cum, Doddington, near Newark, is to be old by auction to-day. It is described as beiner worth £700 a year, and Is the gift, at present, of the representatives of the late Rev. Robert Hall.—The rectory of Stanniugfi-dd, near Bury St. Edmunds, is to be sold by auction in uue. It is worth ioCO a year, the present incumbent being seventy years of age.—The rectory of HaOley St. George, Cambridgeshire, is to be old by auction on the 1st of June. It is worth about £ 150 a year, and I h" patron is Mr. T. St. Q linton.—The rectory of Maid- tord, Northamptonshire, is to be sold in the course of the season. 15 is said to be worth 0 a year, with the prospect of an early vacancy. It is a private patronage. THK, DARKIKS IN GLORY.—A Southern friend (we are quoting from Harper's New Monthly Maqasim) who is curiuus in his observatiuns as to the effect of freedom on the ordinary field-hand freedman, says that iu no way does Siuibo feel the oats of liberty more than in his devotions and in support of his assertion St ndd the following, which he says is in many quarters a favourite hymn in public religious services :— We's nearer to de Lord D n de white folks, and dey knows it; See de glory gate unbarr ed Walk up, ,I>nkeys, past de guard; Bet Ii ouliar he don't clobe it. Walk np, darkeys, froo de gate; Hark 1 de coloured angels holler, Go away, wh te folks yen's too late; We's de winiiin'colour wait Til' the trumpet sounds to foller. Hallelujah t'anks an' praise Long elluff we've borne our crosses Now we's de 8o('l'erior ruce We'a gwine to hebben afore de bosses SUICIDB OF A SCHOOLBOY.—At Boston, U.S., on the 3rd May, a boy named Frank CllPnq had some difficulty with his schoolteacher at North Andover, and left the schoolhouse, gomg to his home. His father, Mr. Cueney, a well-known merchant, told him he had better go to school, beg the teacher s pardon, and resume his studies. The boy manifested a reluct- ance to do so, when his fatht-r insisted that he should. The boy then went upstairs to his own room, and load- ing two pistols, which appear to have been his pro- perty, discharged the contents of one into his head and the other into his heart simultaneously. He died in- stantly, and when found by his relatives, who hastened to his room on hearing the report of the pistols, his body was found lying in a pool of blood. It is mppoBed that he preferred to die rather than apologise to his teacher. He was a bright, intelligent, and good- natured boy, and his sudden death has caused most profound sorrow in the community, and especially among his young companions. LICENSES TO SELL JEWELLERY.—Having re- ceived several communications from correspondents who wished to know if it was necessary for a traveller who supplied his shop-keeper from his stock to take out a hawker's license in England, we (the Goldsmith) communicated with the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and have received the following reply, which settles the question :— "Sir,—The Chancellor of the Exchequer having transmitted to this board your letter to him of the 4th ilist I am in- structed to refer you to the 9 h sec. of the 24thland 25th Vic, cap. 21, under wh eh you will perceive that tonunercial travellers selling to persons who are dealers in the goods, or buying to sed again, are not liable to the hawker's license. I am, sir, your obedient servant, WM. CORBETT, Secretary." SHOCKING SCSNE AT AN EXECUTION. -On the 17th inst. an East Indian, named Johul, was executed in Berbice for murder. The unfortunate man persuaded himself until the last moment that he would not be executed, and when he was led forth to the fatal drop a fearful scene took place. He struggled violently, and succeeded in extricating one of his legs from the cords ill which he was bound. He was again tied by the executioner, but he laid down on the platform and refused to stand up Three men were got to raise and hold him up, and the rope was placed about his neck. The trapdoor was let down, but the prisoner fell on the platform. The trapdoor being again raised, and the prisoner placed upon the bolt was drawn, and he was launched into eternity without any further struggle. —Colonist, April 23. POOR SPLLIYan — The weekly" national" journals have articles on the ex-Mayor of Cork's sur- render. The Nation regards the occurrence with regret and mortification, but does justice to Mr. O'Sul- livan, who desires to disembarrass a Government which he believed to have good intentions towards Ireland. In the opinion of the Nation however, he should have held his place until removed by the strong hand of p It regards his resignation as a deplorable mis- tat e, but does not think it was due to any want of ci uraye on his part. The JVetkly News says he has been sacrificed to a wretched c -inoination of political SLufflers." The Irishman is very indignant with the ex-Miyor for "selling the pass," as it charges him with doing. It says :— This day week he was the mr ft popular man in Ireland to-day there is not a liouse ill lreln, in which he is not spoken of with contempt. This day week he was the cham- piOIl of lris:lrights slid municipal ilJdepewlence agai/Jt the irnitrary acts "t the British Government; to-day he is the iietrayer of both into tne hands of the Minister." These words, it thinks, are a very tame and quali- fied expression of the feeling with which his conduct is viewed. This is really treating bis ex-Worship too hardly, and it is not in accordance with the general views of the Liberal Press, which commends the Alayor's resignation as the most signal act of discre- tion which mar ked his official career. The Irishman more accurately expresses the public sentiment in pro- nouncing the more charitable judgment that the Mayor of Cork has mlide an enormous ass of himself." it derives consolation from the reflection that the national cause can survive such exhibitions. SUFFOCATION IN A TURKISH BATH.—An in- quest was held at Leicester on Sunday evening on the rodyof Albert Samuels, a carpenter, aged thirty-seven, "ho was found early that morniug suffocated in a Turkish bath. Deceased, who resided with his rather, the manager uf the baths, retired to rest about half-paat ten o'clock on Saturday night. Towards one the morning Mr. Samuels, sen., heard some one gOjl down stairs but took no notice of it. thinking it was bis son. On getting up he proceeded to the "s,vefttingč room" of tbe baths for the purpose of openin the place. On opening the door deceased was found to be lying: ou the couch with his head against the flue. He was; quite dead, and had on only his trousers, stockings,, and night-shirt. Dr. Blunt was caned in, and found' that the "sweating-room" then showed 142 degrees of temperature. It was ihouaht that deceased on Satur- day night had forgotten to put in the bath a bag of horsehair for the purpose hf < estroying the moths in it, and that he went down stairs early on Sunday morniny to put it in prior to the opening cf the baths-, and that when in the "sweating-room" he either fell down in a fit and was suffocated, or, being drowsy-, frll down and was so suffocated. A verdict of Death flora Suffocation was returned. AN OLD ONE !—The following account of a re- markable case of longevity is published in a Scoto- Canaoiai paper:- In Glengarry there is at T¡re;¥.nt livincr a woman w' o i" 12(3 yean of á1:e, and who is stifi is active ami s diligent in attendl1Ice ou h-r duties as m08l1Y a woman who has lI..t yet reached sixty. She has frequently, during the p 1st summer, milked as many as twelve cows daily. Her name is Anne Campbell. She was horn in the Island of Syke, in the parisij of Brakadale. The greater part of her life was passed in her native country, which however, hke so nlany others, she left when already an old woman. At th" ape of f'ig¡"ty-tîw. site emÜ;¡rate.1 to Canada, wdere, if slv* ,8tuvive till next fl1. she will have lived forty-two years, rual.mgher 3e 17 years. During all thi3 time she has never had (\CraOl0n to seek medieal aid, nor has she ever t\s mIlch as tasred medic!.n«\ Her good health she herself attributes to having been much in contact with the breath of cattle. Sat is still-ill possession of all her faculties. ARISTOCRATIC FOOT- KACING. Last week a foot- race was run over the Bogside S W TJI*-chase Course, between two of the "upper crust,v which, for tirre and endurance, has seldom been equalled even by pro- fessionals, (remarks a Glasgow paper.) The arair originated in a discussion at Eglington Casti'" as to the time it would take to go the course, which' .],<1 in a match being ot up betwei-n the Marquis oi Queens- berry and fr. Cotton, of the 100h Higimem t. to run toe course—miles, including the brook, twelve fe t of water, with a fence on the take-off. One or two heavy bets depended on the result. They s"ar. C,d at scratch, the marquis making the running. cleverly over the brook, and the rest of the fen ces were cleared in a sportsmanlike' manner, ending in a close thing. Cotton putting on a spurt at the tinisi1 beat his lordship by six yards. Time, 24 will. 15 sc. which may be considered one of the best performances on record. SOMETHING LIKE A WIFE.—Very recently the ship Chieftain reached this port from Calcutta, having been safely piloted across two stormy oceans by a, woman. Captain Macguire was prostrated by fever atr. Calcutta, and was unable to assume command, an i. the mates were inexperienced and incompetent but his wife, who accompanied hitw, took his post, and. filled it bravely. She made all the observations her- self. She kept the logr-book. She was on deck at hours of the day and night. She watched the barometer, She noted the shifting clouds and varying breez-rs. But in the midst of her multiform duties she was unre- mitting in her atten'ion to her husband. In the sick chamber she was soft, soothing, and tender on deck she was stern, unyielding, peremptory. The sailor were well disciplined and obedient, the weather favourable, the voyage short and prosperous. This was being strong-minded to some purpose.—New York Round Table. ILLNESS OF THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA.—Ac- coroirjg to accounts from St. Petersburg, the continued indisposition of the Emperor Alexander is 1wgiuning to cause uneasiness to his medical men. His Majesty, it has been stated, was a few weeks ago crossing a brid 'e- in an open carriage with his eldest son, when the horses took fright, and dashing across the footpath, Were only prevented by the parapet from falling wi:h the vehicle into the river. The shock was, however, so violent that fears were entertained that the Emperor might have sustained some internal injurv, anrl-ilice the injury he has been unwell. The beiief is t.hat the Czar will try a cure at one of the German watering places. FATAL TERMINATION TO A DRINKING BOOT.— Two labourers, named Vernon and Lecointre, have been tried at Caen, France, for the murder of a man called Emery, a farm servant. The three men had been drinking together in a barn, and, after a short dispute as to the share to be paid by each, the accused attacked Emery with sticks, heating him on the head the last-named at first got away and went to a small inn, but as the house was closed for the night the Jan l- lord refused to admit him. Emery then started off in the directlon of Lisieux, but his two absail:4ut, "1'e waiting for him on the road, and again fell on hi -n, and, after knocking him down, battered his head with sticks and stones, and then left him to die in a ditch half filled with water. Lecointre was now sentenced to hard labour for life, and Vernon to twenty years of the same punishment. KILLED BY SWALLOWING A SHRIMP. — An in- quest was luld at the Southampton Infirmary, on Friday afternoon, on the body of Fanny Haynes, ld ten months. It appeared that a day or two previous the child's mother had partaken < f shiiraps for tea and deceased was given a small portion. She was suddenly attacked with a tit of coughing, which coi tinued. till she became black in the face. She was taken to the infirmary in a dying state from suffocation, and the resident surgeondminedi.itely performed an operation nil the throat, and inserted a silver tube for her to breathe through. This gave temporary relief, but the child died the following morning. A postwortem examination. showed that o. h"u,p covered wltIl Shell had become lodged in the air-pipe of the right lung, sufficient, the doctor said, to cause death. A verdict of "Accidentaldeath" was returned. A PE RFECT CLOCK. —If the spirit of good King Ailred. who invented the mode of measuring time by burning candles of different lengths, could he permitted, under the auspices of Mr. Home, to view the wonders of modern civilisation, we doubt if any- thing would interest the ingenious mouarch more than a clock which has just been completed for the cathe- dral of Beauvais, and which far surpasses all the existing specimens of the clockmaki r's art. This wonderful liece of mechanism contains 10 less than 90,000 wheels, and indicates, among many other things too numerous to recite, the days of the week, the month, the year, the sig-ni of the zodiac, the equviion of time, the course of the planets, the phase-i of the moon, the time at every capital in the worid, the moveable feasts for It 0 years, the saints' days. See. Perhaps the most curiow part of the 11lecha.nislU is that which gives the additional day in Leap Year, and which consequently is called into action only once in four years. The clock is wound up every e'ght days. TtJe main dial is twelve feet in diameter, and the total cost exceeds £8,000. THE LATE EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN.—A curious proces><, which concerns a heritage of the unfortunate Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, is pending in Berlin. When the Emperor was a prisoner in Queretaro, various attemptA were made to free him. Among others, the ..x-Mini..ter of the Emperor, Don Navarre brought to the Prnnsian Ambassador of M. xieo, Herr Von Magnus. 10,000 pesos, not far from £6 5( 0, with he request that he would use tie money for the liberation of the Luiperor. The efforts of Herr Von Macnus were in vain. Now Don Navarra demands b.ick iu money as his property. Her Von Magnus, however, has paid the money to the Emperor Francis Josr-ph of Austria, and the affair will be dealt with by the Prus- sian Courts of Justice. MR. MOTLEY ON ENGLAND.—In a lecture re- cently delivered by Mr. Motley, the new Minister to England, on Historic Progress and American Demo- cracy," Mr. Motley condemned the tone of English society towards America during the recent war, but bestowed a warm eulogium on Mr. Bright. I he object of the war s to decide "whether the great law of history was a truth or a lie, whether the human race has been ¡,teadiIy, although slowly, progressing, or whether we have been fatally drifting back to chaos." The author traced the progress of democracy in vari us European nations, and spoke of our Reform Bill as having accomplished a vast revolution," destined to place us side by side," in full friendship and in gene- rous rivalry of freedom and the arts of peace with that Republic—both children of the ancient Gf-rmtn mother. "After all," he added, the English House- hold Suffrage Bill is the fruit of the Appomatox apple tree." He thinks that Eugland is still a landed aristo- cracy. "20,000,000 of men live in England, 30,000 men own England. The pyramid stands on its apex." ABOLITION OF IMPRISONMENT FOR DISBT.—This Bill of the Attorney-General has been amended and reprinted. The most material alteration is the exten- sion to all debtors of some provisions which in the original bill applied only in county court committals. This is effected by the introduction of a new clause en- acting that any person shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanour, punishable with imprisonment for a. term not exceeaing a year, with or without hard labour, if he has obtained credit under false pretence, or by means of fraud or breach of trust; or if h*- has wilfully contracted a debt or liability without a reason- able expectation of being able to pay or if he has, with intent to defrand his creditors or any of them, made a transfer of, or charge on, his property or if he has, with intent to defraud his creditors, concealed or removed any part of his property since or within. two months before the date of any unsatisfied judgment or urder for payment of money obtined ag-Miu8t him. The original bill had a clause providing that on the prosecution for an offence unoer tbili Act, the accused should be entitled, if he should think fit, to be swoin and give evidence as a witness. This clause a now struck out. Cumous CCTSTOM.—The Ita lie, of Florence, has the following:—"The popular lete of the Cascines was very animated. The people dined on the prasa under the large trees. The children provided them- selves with 'singing crickets,' accoioing to custom. The peasants had brought in some thousands of these little black insects condemued to die in their wickt-r prisons, after having more or less chant d their melancholy cri-cii. For a sou, or even less, a gril.on and its small cage could be bought. Thi< usage is curious, and we have not met with ir. ebewhere. Al- though the cricket is a favourite in all the countries of the temperate zone, its sale on Ascension Day much surprises foreigners. However, the taste possessing animals purely for amusement is inveterate in man, and the fact is curious to notice that the children or poor people, who cannot procure or feed a dog fir even a bird, content themselves with the pur h:.1., of a cicala." CLEVERLY DONE.—A French journal is res- ponsible for the following :—In a certain small pro- vincial town one of the residents, M. A. B., found that his house was rendered both damp and dark by the contiguity of a large tree which was inconveniently near to his windows. He would gladly have had it cut down, but the tree belonged to the commune and w as not to be meddled with. Being a man of resources, he sent for insertion to one of the Paris papers the follow- ing paragraph :— There is still in existence one of the tree. of liherfy of t118 date of 1793. It may be seen at I close to the house of M. A R, and the passers by reverently uncover their heads to this veneraiile witness of our grandest struggles and our moot illustrious victory. Three days afterwards an order came from the pre- fecture in P iris for the M iyor of X. to cause tht: 1";1d tree to be down—v.. i :h waa accordingly doue forthwith.
MUTINY AND MURDER ON THE HIGH SEAS. The following account is taken from the New York Tribune of May 6:— In December, 1867, the bark Java, commanded by Captain Charles Kempton, left Massachusetts on a whaling voyage to the South Polar Sea. At Cape Verd Islands the captain added nine Portuguese sailors to his crew, and sailed for the Indian Ocean. The men now under arrest say that in visiting another ship one of the Portuguese was accidentally drowned, which displeased the captain so greatly that he placed another of the crew, whom he chose to hold respon- sible for the death of the lost sailor, in irons for forty-eight hours. This conduct, and the cap- tain's alleged refusal to furnish good provisions, and the abusive conduct of the third mate, provoked the rest of the crew so much that they resolved to be revenged. A number of them armed themselves with bludgeons and firewood blocks, caught the third mate as he came from the quarters, and beat him so unmercifully on the head that he died in a few hours. Bates, the first mate, attempted to protect his brother officer, but was so severely injured that his recovery is doubtful. The chief actors in this dreadful tragedy, Robinson, Canning, Hairison, Parker, Sefton, and Bruice, then deseited the ship in a whaling boat. and rowed direct for Timore, taking with them a small amount of food. After being at sea six days their provisions gave out, and they had to work for the three following days without food. Ar- riving at Timore, which belongs to the Dutch and Por- tuguese. they wei e in a pitiable plight. Some hospitable Dutch families discovered them lying on shore, gave them temporary relief, purchased their boat for 120 rupees, and de-patched them to Deli, the chief city of the island. On their arrival there they stated they were shipwrecked mariners but a Portuguese levenu officer, doubting their veracity, persuaded them to go to Java in a steamer. Having landed at Java they weie arrested by order of the American consul, and placed in prison in Soro, a town in the bay of Java. Here they remained for five months, and they assert that Bruice died from ill-treatment and exposure in damp cells. From Soro they were transmitted to Batavia, and put on board the Russian bark New Orleans, for conveyance to New York, on the 28th of last November. The bark put in at Padang, in the i-land of Sumatra, where the men were imprisoned for a month while the vessel was taking in cargo. The New Orleans arrived at this port yesterday, having the men on board in good health. They were sent to the Ludlow-street prison pending their trial for the murder of the first and third mates. The men have received exceIleI.1t character8 from tbeir own captain, as well as from the ciptain or officer of the bark New o r-leaIlS. They are all younar, and, while admitting that two of their crowd" killed their mates, refuse to divulge the names of the murderers. They complain of the harsh treatment they received on board their vessel and while in gaol, and seem eager to have their case disposed of.
ENORMOUS EMIGRATION FROM LIVERPOOL. The emigration from the Mersey during the past week has been of the most extensive character, and shows that the number of English emigrants is far greater than for many previous months and years. The emigration from the Mersey has not at all been con- fined toEnglih, Scotch, and Irish emigrants, asthegreat bulk last week consisted of foreigners from Bremen and other German ports. No less than six steamers sailed during the week, and the number of passengers was 7,155, of whom 4.063 were foreigners, and the remainder English, Scotch, and Iri.-h. Of 12 fhips which sailed. 10 were under the provisions of the Government Emigration Act, and sailed for Ameiica with 7,094 passengers while two, which sailed not under the Act, and carried out 61 passengers, were destined for Brazil and the West Indies. The number of applicants for passage berths now in Liverpool is enormous, and as many of them come from the manufacturing districts Blackburn and Preston especially — and are bound for the Lowell Mills ois'rict, there is no doubt whatever that a very heavy drain upon the employ es in the Lancashire cotton mills is being carried out, in consequence of the high rates of wages now obtainable for practised mill hands in the United States. The number of Irish who left Liverpool last week is far below the usual mark, but when the vast. numbers who sail almost daily from Queenstown, Waterford, Belfast. Londonderry,&c., are taken into consideration the figures at Liverpool do not at all represent the total emigration from the United Kingdom and Ireland. From the Clyde the Anchor line of steamers takes weekly a great number of emigrants-in fact, there has not been for a large number of years such an immense and rather serious exodus from England, Ireland, and Scotland.
THE LYNN POISONING CASE. On Friday, Mrs. Langford was brought before the Lynn magistrates on a charge of murdering her child, Charlotte Langford. Evidence was given at great length, but no new facts were elicited. Mr. Ford, barrister, addressed the magistrates on b"half of the prisoner, but the bench decided on cornrnitil1g her for trial at the next as,-izes at orwich. Evidence was then adduced as to the death of Mr. Langford. Superintendent Ware of the Lynn police, wished the charge aainst Mrs. Langford ta be one of feloniously attempting to cause deceased's death by poison, as he did not believe that the evidence would sustain a graver charge but the magistrates decided that the accusa- tion against the prisoner must be shaped in the same form as in the first case. The prisoner was, therefore, charged with the capital crime. The magistrates sat until late on Friday evening, and then adjourned until 10 a.m. on Saturday. The case occupied the bench for six hours on Saturday, and, after hearing Mr. Ford on behalf of the prisoner, the magistrates decided on committing her for trial for wilful murder in the second case also. The unhappy woman showed no other mood or feeling but apathy or sullenness from beginning to end. In consequence of suspected suicidal intentions on the part of the prisoner, she has, from the first, been watched nitrht and day. The un happy woman will remain at Wymondham Bridewell until her trial for murder at the next Norwich assizes. Although the infant died, it is understood that Mrs. Langford has still seven surviving children. From the respectable position in life occupied by the parties the case has created considerable excitement in the district. The family of the Lang fords have resided in Lynn for many years, and have always enjoyed a good repute. Mrs. Langford appears to have been a very pretty woman in her youth, and has been kind and attentive to her huiband and children until the sad occurrence which will now have to undergo judicial investigation. She appears to have laboured under the impression that, in consequence of the failing health of her hus- band, his business would come to nothing, and she and her family would be reduced to want. With this feeling sbe disQharged her servants a few months since, and applied herself to the conduct other household with only the occasional assistance of acharwoman. Itis urged by her friends that the strain which she had thus to sustain was too much for the poor woman, that her reason gave way, and that in a moment of frenzy and despair she ad- ministered strychnine to her husband and child. On the other hand, it is noticeable that the poison was given to her husband and child on a Monday morning, the assistant who attended to the chemist's shop kept by Mr. Langford not being on the premises for the greater part of the Sunday, so that Mrs. Langford would thus have an opportunity of procuring strychnine unob- served.
THE FATAL POACHING AFFRAY NEAR GRIMSBY. The rural population of the villages lying between Caistor and Grimsby, of which Cuxwold Hall is the centre, was on Sunday morning last thrown into a state of excitement and alarm by the rapidly 8prea(!ing report of a murder having been committed in an affray between gamekeepers and poachers. Cuxwold Hall is the seat of Henry Thorold, Esq., and the estate embraces the villages of East and West Ravendale, seven miles from Grimsby. Evidences of poaching having been observed by AIr. Thorold's gamekeepers on the farm of Mr. Bingham, at East Ravendale, arrangements were made for the cap- ture of the nightly maurauders, four or five of the men servants connected with the hall agreeing to go out to lie in wait for them. Two only, however, kept the ap- pointment, namely, Marshall, the gamekeeper, an elderly person, and Enoch Goldy, the head gardener, a young man of four and twenty. Accordingly on Saturday night these two set off for tne locality where the poachers were expected to be met with, and, at four o'clock on Sunday morning, they surprised two men in a field in East Ravendale. The poachers took to their heels, followed bv the watchers the gardener kept up pretty closely with the fugitives, and could have overtaken them at any moment, but the keeper was outrun, and Goldy thought it prudent not to attack the poachers single- handed. Aftet a chase of two miles into the parish of Wold Newton, and when the whole party were out of the view of Marshall, the poachers turned upon Goldy, and a conflict took place, which was heard by the keeper, who also beard a bang," and the exclamation, Oh, Marshall, come on." Goldy then ran back, the poachers still following up the attack. By this time the keeper came in view, and he saw one of the men rush at Goldy, place his gnn against his head, and discharge his weapon. Poor Goldy fell dead, and the poachers escaped from the scene. The body was removed to the premises of Mr. Wright, farmer, of Wold Newton, having a gunshot wound iu the chest as well as through the bead. The county constabulary, assisted by the farmers and others in the neighbourhood, were quickly in search of the murderers, and two young men, brothers, were arrested on suspicion. An inquest has been held, when the Jury, by the advice of the Coroner, returned an open verdict of "YViltul Murder against sime person or persons un- known," thus leaving the nii.ttjr in the hands of the magistrates.
THE CRUISE OF THE RESERVE FLEET. The gathering of the ships of the Reserve Fleet, for their fortnight's training cruise at sea, was completed on Wed- nesday in last week. The fleet is composed of ten ships, having a total tonnage of 39,877 tons, with a nominal engine power of 8,250 horses, and carrying 513 guns. It should be fully understood that this fleet, as the Reserve of the regular naval force of the country, is simply a "scratch" fleet, manned with" scratch" crews, and in these particulars represents truthfully the composition of a fleet, both with regar I to the ships and their officers and crews, which we thould, under present circumstances, send to sea as tecond line oj our naval defence, in the event of international complications occurrirnr that would require ttiepresencr of our firftt line oi naval atren^th—tiie heaviiy-plateu a"et-on duty at a distance froll tne Coasts of the kilJ"dom. The fleet now commanded by Admiral Key, in fact, stands in the same relation to the regular navy of the cOllntry as does the M illtia, and the Volun- teer forces to the Regulars of the army. While tbe ships comUlisioned for a:ti ve foreign or Chanuel ser- vice cruiQes are it may be said, comimnlly 301; sea during their term ot commission, the ship" of the Reserve Fleet do duty as guard anfl training ships at the home p irts, and are thus available for mure active service in the Channel or on any part of the coas's of the United Kingdom as their services may be re- quired. Every year these ships make a week or two's cruise at sea for the purpose of exercising the seamen of the coastvuard attached to them, and this year tbe Ad- miraltv verv wisely isued a memorandum inviting all seamen belonging totbe Royal N avalReserve who might be unemployed in the varions home ports to join the ships of the fleet belonging their various districts, and take out their annual tem of training in seamanlike fashion in actual work at sea. It is almost superfluous now to say how, considering the season of the year and the small number of unemployed seamen in the home ports, tbis official call by the Admiralty has been an- swered, and by a class of men, too, who, by their appear- ance, can well stand on their merits as seamen. The sbrewdnorth countryman is there in force, and could tell strange stories of how he helped to work the old Mary Jan round and about the coasts of the kin. dom, deeply IOåded and awfully leaky as she was, for years, against the fierce winter gales, and take hpr at last into port a mass of rotten timber, only kept afloat hy indomitable pluck and perseverance In the bronzed beards awl facts of men in another of the ship's messes may be recognised the" long voyage" seaman of tbe mercantile marine, who has placed his name alongside his brother north countryman as one of the defenders of his country in time of need on the lists of the Royal Naval Reserve. Both, however, are types of seamen who have fought old ocean in bis angriest moods. Of the ofij8rs it is not necessary to speak much. When the greatest as well as the smallest of the com- mercial marine firms of the country have the narres of their most trusttd officers on the list of the Royal X aval Reserve, there can remain no question that the honour of England is as dearly prized by the Mercan- tile as it is by the Royal Navy of the country. The cruise of the Reserve Fleet has commenced with the best possible understanding existing between the officers belonging to the various ships and the officers of the HoyalNaval Reserve attached to them, as also between the seamen of buth services, and it may be fairly anticipated that this feeling of mutual goodwill will be very materially strengthened during the cruise. As profesional brethren at Ilea in the exercise of their respective duties, each will better understand and appreciate the other, and the cruise will forge yet stronger the l'nk binding together in common love of country the officers and men of the Royal and Mer- cantile Navies. The ships forming the fleet are :— The Agincourt, armoured iron screw frigate, 6,621 tons, 1,350-horse power. 26 guns, Captain Thomas Miller, carryiDg the flag or the Admiral Commanding-in-Chief, Rear Admiral Astley Cooper Key. The Duncan, unarmoured wooden screw line-of-battle ship, 3.127 tons, N 0-horse power, 81 gun, Captain Charles Fel- lowes, carrying the ftag of Rear-Admiral Geoffrey Thomas Phipps Hor*by (the future command ng officer of the "Flyins Squadron"), second in command. Thrf llector. armoured iron screw frigate, 4.089 tons, 800- horse power, 20 uns, Captain A1gernon F. R. de Horsey. The Black Prince, armoured iron screw frigate, 6,109 tons, 1,250-horse power, 41 guns, Captain Alexander C. Gordon. The Val ant, armoured iron screw frigate 4.063 tOllS, 800- horse power, 24 gùns. Captain Wjl>iam J. S. Pullen. The Donegal, unarmoured wooden-screw line-of-battle ship, 3,245 tOliS, 800-horse power, 81 guns. Captain Edward W. Tumour The Royal George, unarmoured wooden screw line-of- battle ship, 2,616 tons, 400-hors6 power, 72 guns, Captain Robert J ellkÏns, C.B. The Trafalgar, 11llannoured wooden screw line-of-battle ship, 2,9u0 tOllS, 500-horse power, 60guns. Captain Edward K. Barnard. The St, George, llnarmourerl wooden screw line-of-battle ship, 2,804 tons, 500-horse power, 72 guns, Captain Matthew 3. JN'olloth. The JI ersey, unarmonred wooden screw frigate, 3,733 tons, 1,000-horse power, 36 gUllS; Captain John Seccombe.
ARCHBISHOP LEAHY ON THE TIPPBRARY OUTRAGES. Archbishop Leahy has isued a long- and eloquent pastoral on the outrages in Tipperary. He extxresses his horror of the crimes, exhorts the veople to forbearance, anù laments that a few desperadoes, acting singly and without accomplices, should tarnish the fame of galJaJJt Tipperary. He attJilJUtes the antip<tthyof tenant against landlord to the too long protractd settlement of the Imd question. He emphatically denies the existence of an agrarian conspiracy, an(hays is could not exist without the knowlede of the Catholie clergv, and they bave no knowledge of any such thing. The non-detection of crime proves there is no Conspiracy. It is all a myth. He denies that I r, imises of any change in the land laws by Mr. Glad- stone and 1\1r. Bright have had aJlythiDg to do with the murders. llch as may be accounted agrarian he ascribes partly to the unhappy relations brtween laud- lords and tenants, partly to the traditions of inter- necine warfare between the two classes and the late nnusual outburts of murder to the affair at Ballycohey. He thinks the expectations of a settlement, so far from increasing, would diminish thtm. He bids the tenant to look for hope to the Imperial Legislature, and points out the danger of the people of England being dis- gusted and estranged by these outrages.
REMOVAL OF REMAINS. The remaim of Daniel O'Connell, which for 22 years have lain in a temporary restin ple III Glasnevin Cemetery, were on Saturday morning removed to a crypt constructed for their reception beneth the round tower which, by an unhappy choice of a monumental design, was erected in his honour some years ago. A grateful country bas not shown precipitate haste in paying a fitting tiibute to the memory of its illustrious Liberator." After th lapse of nearly a quarter of a century the Irish capital, which resounded with the thunder of his eloquence, is still without any visible memorial of the idol of tbe people. Some fatality seems to have marred the attempts which have heen made in moments of popular remorse to remove what was felt to be a national reproach, nmarks The Times. A colossal statue of marble-a work worthy of HOg';1n- which stood in the City-hall, awl alone redeemed the neglect of th citizens, was removed about a year ago, despite the remonstrances of many who predicted the lesuU. and was placed in front of the lmilding There the great tribune with uplifted hand seemed rather to reproach than 8¡Jlmate his fellow countrymen, who hel almost forgotten hi" le-sons and himself. The imprudence of the change, though it wa3 wdl intended, was soon apparent in the discolouration of the figure; and to preveut the disintegration Iw an un- friendly climate of one of the few creditable works of art which Dublin possesses, it was found necessary to bring it bacK to its olti place last week. AQother statue is iJJ preparation hy Foley, and will occupy a site in Sackville- street, commanding a view of the old Conciliation-hall, the scene of O'Conneli's political triumphs. Its completion, whkh ha5* been delayeo by many circumstances, is auxi01bly awaited by aJl the followers of Ihe Liberator" who desire to efface the stigma of ingratiturle which has rested upon the metropolis. Even the monument which Dr. PeTie designed in his honour for Glasnevin Cemetery is still unfinished. The original design included a mortuary chapel and me- morial cross, as wen ad the round tower. Only the tower has been completed. The removal of the remains to the crypt, which was the object of the ceremonial last Saturday, was resolved upon in conse4uence of remonstrances addressed to the committee upon the unsuitableuess of the place in which they hali so long lain. Tile proceedings were of a purely religious character, though it was, of comse, impossible to divest the subject of the political signification which essentially he- longed to it. There was r othing, however, like a "national" demosntration mch ail was made when the site of the public mOlJument yet to be erected in the city was dedicated H. few years ago after a memorable procession. Tnis would have ill-be- fitted the character of thIs place, or accorded with the views of the Cardinal and other prelates who gave the ceremonial the sanction and splendour of their presence as the heads of their Church taking"part in its service. Although it wanted the attractions of a popular spectacle which 81auy thousiUlds wouid have thronged to witness, it broug/lt together an Im- mense concourse. Tne numbers are variollbly estimated, hut there were probably about ten thousand present. A reveren- tial fetJing pervaded the whole assembly, which included nlemhers of the several corporations of Ireland, about 200 Rowan Catholic priests, the sUlviviug relative and personal friemh as well as political associates of OConnell, and a large numher (If respectahle itiz-ns. In iront of the crypt a plattorm was erected, on which was aD altar. which stood ullder an awning of black: and whEe, with a bitckground of crape, wh ch heightened the sepulchral impressivmtsa of the scene. At one side of the altar was a throne for the Cardinal IInd chairs for the other prelates. Below the platform was paciolls marquees and enclosures for the friends of tne deceaed and other persons invited to witness the ceremony. The children of seYerl schools were marshalled on the I'rou.,d, for whom this occasion had a novel and suggestive interest, and among the vast multi. tudes which tilled the city of the dead were many who had liiltened to the voice of the great leader and recalled many well remembered incidents in his remarkable CH.reer. At eleven o'clock the procession of clerzy awl studtl1ts, who, w,th the prelates, all wore their ecclesiastical robes, was formed at the" O":ol1l1e11 circle," as the erJClosed space was called where the remains lay, and proceeded to the crypt by a winding route, which unfolded its extent and displajed its strangely picturesque elements as it moved through the ll1ases ot úark foliage which hung in me'ancholy btauty around WOUP9 of starely monuments, a choir of priests the while chanting the Miserere. The procession was composed of memhers of the Cemeteries Committee, over 1,000 teachers and pupil of tile Christian Brothers an,1 other schools, deputations from the municipal corporations of Ireland, the Lord Chancellor, Lord Bellew, the Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, the Lord Chief Baron, Judge O'Brien, Judge Lynch, Ias1er .Murphy Sir Dominic Corrigan, Sir James Power, Sir Percy Nugent, &c. Next came the regular and secular clergy two and two, with thurifers, ac -lytes, and cross bearers, and the Bishops pre- ceding the Cardinal Archbishop. Atter these were the fol- lowing members of the UConneil family :11'. D. O'Connell, D.L., D¿rrl Ilaut-Ahbey; .\Ir. and Mrs. Morgan U'C,)Jll1ell, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel O'Connell, Mr. D. J O'C,llluell. 'II'. John O'Connell, Mr. O'Connell jun Mr. C. U'Colmell Flt- simon, Mrs. French, Mis. O'Connell Krench, Mrs. John 0' ennell, and Miss O'Connell, Irs. P. Hayes, Dr. Redmond, M.D }lr. Wright, J. Leyne. Mr. R. Leyne, Miss B1 Ike, and Mr A Comyn. When they had arrived at the crvpt and taken their appointed places a grand Pontifical high m1tSS was celebrated by the Most Rev. Dr. Whdan, Roman Catholic Bishop of Bombay, assloted hy other clergymen. At the conclusion the benediction was pronounced by his Eminence, and the Very Rev. Tnomas Hilrke delvered an eloquent panegyric upon the character oi tfConnell. In the course of hig adns" lift,-r giving a sketch of the" Libel a- tor's career, he made the following allusion to the great achievelllent of emallcipaliun and the crowning work of the presellt day. which is tne result of hlS first victory :— O'Conllell Ifd them agtinst. the strongest citadel in the world, aud eyen as the Widls of the city of old crumulfd to dust at the sound of Israe] s trumpet, so, at the sound of his mighty vuice, who Fpoke in the name of a united penple, 'the lintels of the doors wre arId the gates were op -ned which 30 years of prejudice and pride had closed and banfd against our people the first decree of our liberation went forth; on the 13th of April, 1S29, Catholic I<.mancipa- tion w <s proclaimed, and seven nJillions o1 Catholic Ir.sh- men entered into the nation's Leg slatuie ill the person uf O'CorJJJell It wa. the first and the greatest victory 01 peace- ful principle which our age had witnessed, the grandest trIUmph ot justice and of tiuth, the most glorious victory of the gerdus of oue man, and the first great act of homage which Ireland's rulers paid to the reigiun of the people, and which lreland's people paid to the great prmclple of peaceful agitation. Ireland called him The Liberator.' H'or Ireland he Jived, and for Ireland he died. The people whom he had so faithfully served, whom he loved with a love second only to his love for God were decimated by 1\ visitation the most terrible that the world ever witnessed; thenatiofJRofthe earth trembled, and men grew pale at the sight of Ireland's desolation. Her tale of famine, of mi-ery, of death, was told in every land. Her people fled affrighted from the soil which had forgotten its ancient bounty, or died, their white lips utter- ing the la-t faint cry for bread. All this the aged father of his conntry beheld. Neither his genlu nor hÍs eloquence, nor his luvP, could now save his people, and the spirit wa, crllhed which had borne him trilllllphalltly throuzh ail lungers and toil: the heart broke within him-that brave dId generous heart which had tIt vcr known fear, and whose ruling passion was love lor Ireland. The man whoe ttrribie v.>ice m lne blio.iktrie highe.-ttiibuuals oi cartti iu iniper-ous demands for justice to Ireland now sought the Apostles' tomb—Rome—that from that thre,hold of ITeaven he might put up a cry for mercy to hi< c iuntry and his people, and offer up his life for his native land; and on the shores of the Mediterranean the weary traveller Jay oown to oie. lIe, however, had led a mighty naiiou to the opening of 'the r ght wyy,' and directed her first and douhtfnl steps in the path of cOllciliatlOn a' justice to Ireland. Tinn-, which ever works ont rhe designs of God. has carried the natiun forward in the glorious WaY. Witn firmer SIers, with unda¡¡r,ted soul, with high rtsolve of justice, peac« ami conciliation, the work bemin hy Ireland's Liberator pro- gresses in this our day. Chains are being furged for our country, hut they are chains of gold to bind up all uiscordant elements in the empire, so that all men shall dwell together as brothers Ítl the land. If we cannot have the bkssing of religious lmity, so as 'to he all of one mind,' we snail have 'the next deare,t hlesing that Heaven call give,' the peace that springs from perfect religious liberty '»nd equali y. All tlth do we owe to the man wh03e memory we reeall to-day, to the principles which he taught us, which illustrated Ills life. and which, in the triumph of Catholic Emancipation, pointed out to the Irish people the true secret of their strength, the true way of progress, a11l1 the sure road to victory. The dream of his life is being realised to-day. 1Ie had ever sighed to be able to extend to his Protest fellow- countrymen the hand of perfect friendship, which only exists where there is perfect equality, and to enter with him into the compact of the true peace which is founded in justice. Time, which burits ill utter oèlivion so many names and so many memories, will exalt him in his work. The day has already dawned, aud i ripeuing to its perfect noon, when Irishmen of every creed will remember O'Connell, and cele- brate him as the common friend aud the greatest beItefactor of their country." The Cardinal then performed the burial service. The coffin was lowered into the crypt, while the friends clustered mournfully around, and fair hands palf1 a tranient though touching lrihute of grateful ■ emembrance by casti11, flowers npon It as it descended iuto the gloomy chamber. The crypt is in the form of an altar toinb, with thre-3 perforated panels throngh which I he c, ,tfill cau b een. It is elaborately ornamented with Celtic emblems, and rets on a slab of Kilkenny marble. The outer cetlm which had been decayed, was replaced by a new one in Irish oak, which bore the fol- low ing inscription:— D iniel O'Connell, "Hibernice L:!Jer>\1Or, "Ad Limina Apostoiorum Pergens, D.e XV M MDCCCXLVII, Gencse O.¡dormivit in Dom no "All/Jûs Xatus ^eptuagiiica Ires. "RIP" The anniversary of his death would have been celebrated hy having the fllneral ceremony 011 Saturday, hut it *ould have interfered with a holy festival of the Rom n Catholic Church, and it was therefore kept on au earlier dav. The month of May, it may be observed, was an ill-fated one for O'Connell. Three years before his actual death he was consigned to his political tomb by the sentence o' the Court pf Queen's Bench, under which he was committed, on the 3 >th of May, ISH. to Richmond Bridewell, on a conviction for conspiracy. He was afterwards released by the dee-sion of the House of Lords, condemning the judgment of the Court below; but he never recoverect from the effects of the hlow, and the dissensions which followed broke his noble spirit.
As events now transpiring in connection with Ireland are not without their significance, it will he well to carefully d ssect sentiment from principles, and performing this task, in connection with the late "liberator of Ireland" The Times remarks A second funeral, more than twenty years after the first, tells us something of the nature of a man's popu- larity. Tried by this test, the memory of O'Connell is sti 1 green in Ireland. His remains, having been ex- humed, were conveyed to the Cemetery at Glasnevin, and there interred In a tomb which has slowly arien since his death, several thousand persons being present to bear witness to their unabated interest in his career. It may, indeed, be said that several thousand persons do not form an unusual throng in a country where every opportunity which can be made the occasion of an open-air gathering is seized upon, and it is true that the number is far less than often attended O'Connell in his lifetime, and less also than the crowd which in the darkest hour of Irish distress wept at his open grave at the thought that a leader in whose sympathy they trusted had passed away, but it is still much that in days when reputations spring up and die away with painful rapidity so many should detdre to pay respect to o Conneli's memory. If his fame has not increased, it has not perceptibly dwindled; if the estimate of his character and his work be not higher, it is scarcely lower than in the days when he was the hero of the Irish people and the darling of the Dublin mob. The permanence of O'Connell's popularity is some- what surprising, and we fear we must add that on the whole it is not encouraging to those who look for the regeneration of Ireland. We do not say that O'Connell ought not to be remembered, nor would we deny that he did much to entitle him to the gratitude of his countrymen. But it is at least certain that if he did much for Irishmen he received from them much m return, while the years which have passed since his death have revealed more clearly the defects of his character, the hort-comings of his conduct, the extreme narrowness of rai ge in his work. Ic is possi- ble that a certain atfection, not wholly unalloyed with a good-humoured consciousness ot his failings, may exist after a close study of his history it is impossible that anything like profound respect should survive the ordeal. The truth, however, seems to be that O'Connell has already become a semi-mythical person in Ireland. His greatest achievements were effected more than forty years ago. Men who are now old were entering upon the re sponsibilities of life when O'Connell made himself the agent who compelled English statesmen to strike off the last political disability of his creed men who are now middle-aged just remember the agitation which was all but a rebellion before it was appeased but by far the greatest number of Irishmen now living were taught, from their earliest days to bless the name of the Liberator." They have grown up to believe in him a" the Irishman who obtained all the benefits Irishmen enjoy. The record of his career does not bear out this belief. He procured the emancipation of the Roman Catholics. This was the single act of his life, and it is for this that a gratefuL people admire him. For eighteen years after that evt he lived upon the sfr .-ii„'ih f what he hail doue. His heartiest followers may he challenged to point out a sirgle subsequent act of importance wuiuh^iie <fertginated. This in itself would not, perhaps, furnish sufficient grounds for would not, perhaps, f11rnish sufficient grounds for accusing his memory. O-Connell was more than fifty when he took his seat as member for Clare, and those who are able at fifty to turn to new enterprises, after having accomplished one considerable feat, are few. We may, however, go further, and declare that from 1829 to 1847 influence was not merely in- efficient for good, but, unhappily, efficient for evil. The Ilepeal of the Union was the object he constantly put before his countrymen, and it is possible he sin- cerely desired to procure Repeal. At the same time it mu.t be confessed that the position he assumed with reference to it involved a contradiction, and served no other purpose than to keep alive an agitation profit- able to none save hincself. O'Connell demanded Repeal of the Union on the ground that it was impos- sible to obtain justice for Ireland from the Imperial Parliament; yet he constantly protested that he looked to moral force alooe to secure his object. It is plain that if the Imperial Parliament could be persuaded to sanctiun what O'Connell regarded as the one great act of justice.—the concession of legi-lative independence to Ireland,—it could be persuaded to listen to the sub- sidiary demands which O'Connell declared it was un- pos.-ible to obtain from it. From own point of view his course was indefensible, and his younger brethren of the Physical Force party and the Fenians of the last two or three years give greater evidence of sincerity than he. They affect to disbelieve in the possibility of obtaining justice from Parliament, and accept the only alternative open to them. O'Connell professed a similar disbelief, and pursued a course which belied it. The fact that Repeal as a Parliamentary question died out with him enforces the same conclusion—that the agitation he stimulated was almost consciously unreal. No person within the walls of Parliament now dreams of suggesting that legislative separation of the two islands which, under O'Connell's guidance, was, during pome of the most precious years of Ireland s history, the avowed object of a compact section in the House of Commons. No person of station in Ireland now calls for the dissolu- tion of the Union, although twenty-five years since O'Connell had succeeded in banding together a vast airay of his Catholic countrymen to demand it by their voices, and to support the clamour for it out of their scanty means. Nor can the historical review of O'Connell's influence end here. Not only is it impossible to point to any useful legislation connected with his name subsequent to the Roman Catholic Relief Act, not only must he be charged with the mischief of an agitation essentially unreal; it must be added that he deferred the im- provement which has since been effected in the con- dition of Ireland by the reaction he provoked. No candid person, looking back on the years following the Reform Bùl, will deny thit O'Connell powerfully stimulated the revival of Conservative feeling. The terms of the informal alliance long branded as the Lichfield House Compact alienated the mode- rate \Vhi, and the prevalent incredulity as to hia sincerity increased the disorganiz1.tion of the party, while the violence of his language in Ireland added to the alarm of those who were naturally inclined to reaction. In speaking of O'Connell we have confined ourselves to his actual career, but it is impossible to omit all reference to the defects of his ch^rrictar. Possessing great natural dfts, he had not added to them in any perceptible degree. With abundance of wit, he had little wisdom. With much humour, he lacked really intelligent sympathy with thosi who differed from him. With a vigorous fancy, he was entirely deficient in severity of taste. His education seems to have been imparfect, and he had no power of reflection to supply the want of acquired knowledge. His analy- sis of the evils of his own country—the theme of his life. long eloquence—had neither depth nor intelli- gence. Thus he was not merely an Irishman, but an Iiishman belonging entirely to his own generation. He outran none of his contemporaries he lag- ged behind many. His influence over the Irish people of his own time was probably increased by these characteristics, for he reflected the prejudices and the ignorance of hi h.arer8; he fatigued nOl16 of them with thoughts difficult to follow he disturbed none with a suggestion that any part of their own miserable condition was due to themselves, and might be improved, if not removed, by self-reform. If we inquire for his opinions on those Irish ques- tions which are now mot prominent under the belief t ha.t we might thu find trustworthy muans of guagmg his characier, we shail discover ihe moi-t convincing proof of his defects. What were his views on the e. cle8iMtical settlement of Irdand? Wnat julgmc,t had he formed on its educational difficulties ? In what way had the perennial disputes between li- 11nr,ls and tenants operated on his mind ? No one cXhluiue the answers to these questions without bei: grievously disappointed. He throws light on none 0: tiiefn. The famine which darkened his last yta.; and per- haps hastened his end, found him utterly poweriess to comprehend its meaning or to mitigate its (-verity. In truth, he loved Ireland well, but not wisely. This declaration may not be favourably received in Ireland it may even provoke a reactionc—so strong is the objec- tion in all of us against any attempt to lower a f.»v. ;\rite hero—yet it may be boldly said that unti' j >:ter estimate of work and worth be u ed, until his defects be frankly confrssed, Irisl irnVi still be under the thraldrom of false ideas, till be looking for help whence it cannot be obtained, istill be rejecting the only means of improvement be trusted.
PROFESSOR FAWCETT, M.P., ON EDUCATION. ■■ A public meeting was held in the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, on FrHay evening, in last Keek, to witness the distribution of dip'omas aud Ilolloriiry certificates won hy 8uc"es>ful can- didates at the University loc <1 examinations heM in that town in June and December last. His worship, the Mayor of Brighton, preside I. Mr. Dodson, M. P.. and Professor Faw- cett, M P., were amongst those present, and a vote of thanks was passed t,) both n.ember3 for attending. Professor b'awcett, in the course of his fpeech, said:- I know there are various theories with regard to education, but the hour is too late for me to enter into them. But I am anxious, before I sit down, to make one or two remarks upon a subject upon which I feel strongly. There is a school growing up—if more pro- minently represented bv one man than other it is by the present Chancellor of the Exchequer—whose toue of thought is to esteem knowledge by its practical worth and I know it is sometimes said to a boy or a young man who distinguishes himself in mathematics, in Greek, or in Latin, what will be the use of mathe- matics, or of Greek, or of Latin to you in after ( I thought that some such remark as this might be made to some of my young friends whom I am glad to see have so distinguished themselves this evening in what some people regard as unpractical subjects. Now I think it is most important steadily to keep in view the practical use of knowledge but what 1 should venture to say would be this, that after aU the highest and the greatest aim of education is to train themind. Youcannot say that this boy ought to he taught certain h ngs, and another boy cught, to be taught the same things. But the gr,ate,t mistake that is made in educ ition—it has been made by the uuiversities-is to make every boy and every young man go through the stereotyped system based on the assumption that what is good for some must, be good for alL (Applause.) Now this is particularly the fault with regard to the education of girls. No one values more highly than I do the great, the priceless advantage of music—I would give up a great deal of what I know if I could only play music— hnt som people have not the capacity to learn music. But whether a girl has the capacity ot be- coming a musician or not, either to afford pleasure to herself or to other people, or to avoid giving them pain, every young lady is forced to spend hours a day in learning music, because it is considered an ac- complishment becoming a young lady. The samu has been the caSt, with men who have had a learned educa- tion in the universities. Whenever a young m-in hasliad the slightest capacity for Greek or Latin, Gre, k and Latin have been said to be part of a gentleman's edu- cation, and every one has been made to spend a certain portion of time upon Greek and Latin. Now it seems to me that the great end and aim of the teacher should be—I speak with submission in the presence of many who have had far more experience of teaching than I have—that the great end and aim should be to discover the mental character and the intellectual capacity of the boy and the girl, and then to devote his chief attention to teaching that boy or girl those branches of knowledge which will develop the reason- ing powers of the mind, and give a completeness and harmony to the mental faculties. (Applause.) Do not ever commit the fatal mistake of estimating knowledge by simply what is said to be its practical use. I remember the speech which was made by Mr. Lowe at Edmburgh. It was one of the most dangerous and mischievous speeches I tver read in my life. Mr. Lowe is an accomplished man; he is a learned man and when he spoke to an audience of work- ing men who had not enjoyed the same blessings of mental cultivation that he had, he ought to have raised them up to the desire of obtaining mental cultivation and obtaining more knowledge; but instead of doing this he tried to sneer at knowledge and throw con- tempt upon it. He said, "What is the use of mathe- matics?" or he said, "How very few there are who use mathematics in after life." He said, "What is the use of Greek and Latin? How very few people in after life will be required to translate Greek or Latin, or read Greek and Latin prose." That is perfectly true but then, he ought to have mentioned this further fact—that to some minds I believe there is no branch of kuowledge that acts one quarter so effec- tively in training the mental faculty as mathematics, and Greek and Latin. (Applause.) I hen, again, although they have no practical use—perhaps you can- not turn them to pounds, shillings, and pence-they have this practical advantage, that th-y give you an amount of pleasure and happiness in after life that no amount of wealth can possibly secure. How cau you place a pecuniary estimate upon that knowledge, vvhich ii derived from mathematics, which will enable you to contemplate some of the hidden Ulyteries and marvels ot the heavenly bodies? How can you place a pecuniary price upon having your mind culti- vated to such an extent as to enable you to comprehend the exquisite beauty of those laws by which the mo- tion of every star and of every planet is governed ? How can you set a monetary value upon that know- ledge of a language which will bring you into contact with the life of one of the most remarkable civiliza- tions that ever existed in the woild, and bring you into intellectual harmony and unison with the thoughts and words of some of the greatest writers, poets, and orators who ever thought or spoke ? No all know- ledge has a. practical value, depend upon it my young friends. You may think, when you are young, that it you learn mathematics, or Greek, or Latin, or some other branch of knowledge, and if you are brought up to some trade, you will not be able to m-e that par- ticular knowledge. That may be so you may not be able to apply it directly. But whatever may be your future walk in life, youcanuot occupy—I will de:y any man or woman to Occl1py-a position in which a well- trainedmind and a development of the reasoning powers are not of the utmost possible advantage to them. (Ap- plause.) Again, I would say when you are goingthrollh thedrudgeryof learning the rudiment" of some branchof knowledge, you may think you shall never be ade- quately rtpaid for your troubl- but however gicno a. man's wealth may be in at't<?t life, however deeply he may have of all worldly enjoyments, if he is an honest- man he will tell you that the greatest pleasure whicn he has ever enjoyed is the pleasure which he has derived from intellectual cultivation. Therefore, do not btj misled by tbi cry, that learning ought to he sought after for its practical value. No you who have distinguished y >ur.elves now in various abstract sciences, such as mathem tics, Gieek, Litin, and othH things, go on if you find those branches of study suited to you. Tney will make you, it you cultivate more fitted to fulfil your duty in life. They will bring you an amount of pleasure which it is im- possible now adequately to estimate and you will find, year after year as you live, that one of the greatest truths to keep steadily in view is this—that knowledge ought to be loved for knowledge's sake. (Applause.)