When William Reigned. Fishguard and Goodwick in 1831, Parliamentary Statistics. ["Echo" Special.] Across the border exists no greater authority upon the state of any particular locality in immediate pre-Vlctoritun times than Moule's "English Counties," a ponderous and. compre- Jiensive work published in two volumes in 1837, and second only in historic and referential value to the Doomsday Book. Unfortunately however, this stupendous work (ignores, for some inexplicable reason, the whole of the Principality of Wales, with the result that those who essay the task of produc- ing guides within that area are compelled to seek eleewhere for data of historical value. At the present moment a guide to Fishguard and her environs is being produced under the auspices of the Urban Council, and no efforts have been spared by the Clerk to that Authority (Mr. A. J. Hodges) and others responsible, to I render it as complete a-s possible. Printers and Eublishers, hov/ever, bear a decided iesemb- ince to Time and Tide, inasmuch as they wait for no man, and various documents which have recently been purchased by Air. Hodges, have arrived too late for inclusion in the vol- ume now in the Press. One of these consists of a pamphlet—presum- ably a Parliamentary "white paper"—signed by Messrs- T. F. Ellis, junior, and W. Wylde, accompanying which a, map of Fishguard (reduced from the ordinance survey), lithograph- ed by Mr. J. Netherclift, the back of which bears the pencilled date "20th January, 1832." So far as can be gleaned from an examina- tion of e documents, they appear to have been coled in connection with one of the Reform Bills, and to be an official report of a couple of commissioners appointed to define the area around Fishguard which should be .treated-for electoral purposes—as part and parcel of the Pembroke and Haverfordwest Boroughs. The document referred to is as follows:- Haverfordwest District. FISHGUARD. Situation of Fishguard. 1. THE Town of FISHGUARD lies on the North coast of'Pembrokeshire, at the head of Fishguard Bay, which is a port of the Irish Channel. Fishguard is at the distance of 250 miles from London, and of 16 from Haverford- west, to the north of which it lies. Proposed Franchise. 2. By the late Bill, Fishguard was to have contributed with Haverfordwest, Narberth, and St. David's, to send one Member to the House of Commons. It has hitherto had no share in the representation- Upper and Lower Town. 3. -The town is divided into two parts, Upper and Lower. The Upper is principally on the upper part of a very steep hill, at the foot of which the River Gwaine flows through an al- most precipitous ravine, having the Upper Town on its left bank. The Lower Town lies almost entirely in the bottom, on the right bank of the Gwaine. Parish and Chapelries. 4. The present Parish of Fishguard is very extensive. It seems originally to have been much smaller, and to have had attached to it three Chapelries. All these Chapelries are at present comprehended within the Parish. This part of the history of the place rests, however, partly upon conjecture. Borough and Manor.' 5. There is a well known district in the Parish, called the Borough. It probably com- prehends so much of the Parish as was origin- ally distinct from the three Chapelries. There is a tradition that it possessed a Charter, and that this was of the time of King John and was lost during the great civil war. The probability of this is to a certain degree strengthened by the fact that, at that time, there was a Com- mission sent down hither by the Parliament; and, from the documents now remaining, it is clear that the then existing Tecords were in the hands of the Commissioners. It is very difficult now to ascertan the original state oi the Borough. There certainly was and is a Manor here; and, as is the case in very many Welsh Boroughs, the Manor and Borough, if there really was an actual Borough, were for many purposes united. It is not quite impos- sible that the existence of the Manor may have given rise to a mistaken belief in the existence of a Borough; but, on the whole, we think the evidence decidedly in favour of the existence of an ancient Incorporated Borough, properly so called. Boundary of the Ancient Borough. 6.—The limits of the Borough appear to be well known, though there is an inaccurate ac- count of them in a presentment by a Jury in 1823. It will be seen by the Map that the Borough is wholly on the left bank of the Gwaine. General Condition and Prospects of the Town and its Neighbourhood. T. The Town is spoken of by some as a thriving place, by others, as a place of which the prosperity is declining; all, however, admit that it is still extending itself, and that its rate of increase has lately diminished. During the war it was active and prosperous. It is said that there were at that time 100 vessels belonging to the port. There is very good an- chorage in the Bay, where ships, in most winds, lie very safely; but, in some winds, the situation is very dangerous. The want of a Pier is much felt, especially as a small one, which was here a few years ago has gone to decay. The Bay is, however, still resorted to by vessels under particular circumstances of I weather. It is said that the Town has suffered from the competition of Steam Boats; this sup- poses that some circumstances exist which pre- vent Fishguard from having Steam Boats of ite own. The place supplies the wind-i>oun<i vessels which lie in the Bay- Corn and Butter are exported to Bristol and Liverpool. Some Cattle are sent inland to Haverfordwest. There was formerly a considerable Herring Fishery here, but latterly it became unproductive and has been discontinued, with the exception of so much as is kept up to supply the consump- tion of the neighbourhood. The Imports are Coal and Culm from Milford and Swansea; Coal from Newport, Qardiff, etc.; Limestone from Milford; Shop Goods; and Timber. Fishguard is principally occupied by trades- men, mariners, and mechanics; it contains a few persons of moderate independent property, and some retired officers of the Army, and of the military and commercial marines. The Lower Town is composed of houses of a lower description, in general, than those in the Upper Town. The number of English residents has increased latterly; they seem to have been attracted bv the cheapness of the place, and by the salubrity, for which the climate- here is highly esteemed. The Clergyman has latterly found it proper to preach an English sermon every Sunday. Many trades are carried on in the same shop, a circumstance which shows that the Town is not yet in a very forward state. In the neighbourhood of the Town, land lets for 94 per acre; in the rest of the Parish the rent per acre may be averaged at 15s. Some farms contain as much as 300 acres; some are held for as little as £5 per annum. The tenures are various, for life, for terms, and from year to year. Wages are low. It seems, on the whole, probable that the I Town will continue to increase, especially to- wards the west. If the Harbour were artific- ially improved (which we believe was at one time contemplated by Government) the advance of the Town would certainly be rapid; and it is by no means improbable that it may become a watering place, as it is very favourably situ- ni-osl for this nllTDOse. The Assessed Taxes raised from Fish- £ s d guard in the year ending 5th April, 1829 were 34 0 3 In-the year ending 5th April, 1830 23 8 0 In the year ending 5th April, 1831 1/ l' o Population. 8. the Population of Fishguard was, by the Returns, 1,503 in 1801. 1,572 in 1831. 1,837 in 1S81. Fishguard Town 1,113 Fishguard Bottom 290 West Country Division 352 Chapel Quarter _J^1>990 in 1831. The divisions of the Parish just enumerated do not constitute the regular divisions; they were selected by the officer who. took the late Census, and who wished to inform himself in what proportions the population was made up. Here Fishguard Town is the Upper Town^ and Fishguard Bottom contains the Lower Town, and little more. The Borough is more exten- sive than the part here named Fishguard The West Country Division contains all on the i left bank of the Gwaine which is not Fishguard Upper Town. Inhabited Houses. 9. The Inhabited Houses were, by the Re. turns, 344 in 1801. 437 in 1821. Fishguard Town 262 Fishguard Bottom <> West Country Division 74 Chapel Quarter 50„63 in l831. 10. These results show an increase for the 30 years in the Population of rather more, and in the Houses of rather less, than one third, lhe rate of increase seems to have been most rapid during the second decade. f Both in 1821 and 1831 the number of females very much exceeded that of the males; this is owing to so great a part of the population being maritime. Assessment to the Inhabited House Duty. 11. One House in the Parish is assessed to the Inhabited House Duty as of L10 value and upwards. Number of L10 Houses estimated by inspecting the Poor Rate Book. 12. On examining the Poor-rate Book, with one or two of the inhabitants, we arrived at the following result: 87 number of Houses whieh, including land attached, are worth £ 10. 63 number of these which would not Teaoh that value if the land were not reck- ^slfnumber of them i* the Borough alto- ^40 dumber of them in the Upper Town, and of course in the Borough. 3 number of them in the Lower Town, of course not in the present Borough. Circumstances to be considered in choosing a Boundary. 13. We are of opinion that the new Borough ought to comprehend the Lower Town; and, with this view, we have drawn a line, which we shall hereafter describe, on the right bank erf the Gwaine.. On the Westward of the Parish and Borough is a small Village, Goodie. It consists of fisher- men's houses, almost exclusively; there are but 4 houses of the annual value of iclo in it. The inhabitants come to the market at Fish- guard. The large vessels, lying in the Bay, are close to Goodie, but they are supplied from Fishguard only./ The two places are separated by a marshy ground; and although they ap- pear to be connected on the Map. we do not think that there really is any connection which would make it advisable to include Goodie in the new Borough. The Boundary which we shall propose will give about 55 votes Proposed Boundary. 14. We recommend the following Boundary: From the point (A) at which the Low- water Mark would be cut by a straight line to be drawn thereto from (B) the Gate of the Fort, through the Eastern Extremity of the Southern Wall of the Fort, in a straight line to (B) the gate of the Fort; thence in a straight line to the North-west- ern corner (C) of Parc-y-Morfa Meadow; thence along the Western fence of Parc-y-Morfa Meadow to the South-western corner (D) thereof; thence in a straight line to the highest point (E) of Parc-y-Morfa Rock; thence in a straight. line to the North-western corner (F) of the Fence which divides Glyn Arael from the property of Mr. Vaughan. thence, Southward, along the said Fence of the Glyn Amel property to the point (G) at which the same meets the Northern Stream of the River Gwaine; thence up the said Stream to the point (H) at which the same meets the Boundary of the old Borough; thence, Eastward, along the Boundary of the old Borough to the point. (1) at which the same meets the Low-water Mark; thence, Eastward, along the Low- water Mark to the point (A) first described. T. F. ELLIS, jun. W. WYLDE. SUMMARY of all the Information relative to the Town of Fishguard, laid before Parlia- ment since March, 1831. 1.—Limits'. Proposed by the late Bill to be contributory with Haverfordwest, Narbecth and St. David's. in the Haverfordwest District. 2.-Population. In 1821 In 1831 I Of the Parish of Lower and Upper Fishgua-rd 1,837 1,990 Fishguard Town 1,1131 Fishguard Bottom 290 I o_n West Country Division 352 j Chapel Quarter 235 J 3.-Nuniber of Houses. Assessed to Inhabited House Worth Duty ielo at zClO a year, & up- <& up- > 1821 1831 wards, wards. In the Parish of Lower and Upper Fishguard 477 499 1 87 Within proposed Boun- dary about 400 55 4.-Amount of Assessed Taxes paid: 1828 1829 1830 £ sd £ sd £ sd Fishguard 34 0 3 23 8 0 17 17 6 The reference to Goodie (Goodwick) by the Commissioners is of especial interest by reason of the contemptuous manner in which they dispose of the "small village," which they exclude from the Borough boundaries, thereby unconsciously restricting in 1907 the area of the Fishguard Urban District. Many other interesting particulars may be r I gleaned from the map. Goodwick moor ap- parently then extended to high water mark, the Parrog Toad being merely a track across the morass. Penslade was devoid of either roadway or walks, albeit a couple of buildings stood at the point- of its juncture with West Street. The Slade had no thoroughfare leading to the shore, but, nevertheless, contained three buildings. The Toad now known as Lower Town Hill is shown as an undefined track. The Footpath to the Fort-regarding the Tight of way over which opinions so strongly differ— is clearly defip-ed. Windy Hall is described as "Windy Hul. and the spot now occupied by the Fishguard Vicarage figures as "Vicar's Park." Cilshave is spelt "Cilsiafe," Gwaun as "Gwaine," Glyn-y-mel as "Glyn Amel," Cwm- gwaun as "Cwmgwyn," and Maesgwynnc as "Maesgwyn." "Goodie pier" is shown situated immediately at the base of the present breakwater. The area immediately beyond the Gwaun Valley extremity of Pentowr is described as "The Common." The map and documents are in the custody of the Clerk to the Urban Council, to whose courtesy we are indebted for their use in the foregoing connection, and may be inspected at all reasonable hours upon application to him at the Town Hall, Fishguard.
Reportorial Reminiscences. Pages from a Journalist's Diary. IV.-ESSAY IN DIPLOMACY(Continued). On the ensuing Wednesday, at noon, Hir- Excellency ordered the immediate cessation of work and the rendition of our joint account. These requirements complied with, we depart- ed, and made arrangements for a modest Con- tinental tour commencing on the ensuing morn- ing. Returning to the Legation, we were met, on the part of His Excellency with a demand for the completion of the work previously countermanded, coupled with the astonishing intimation that no money would be forthcom- ing until this was done. Since this meant the postponement of our plans for at least 10 days, and the consequent cancelling of numerous appointments, we refused, and waited develop- ments. We waited in vain; there were no developments. So we made them! It is sadly to be feared that our methods were scarcely \hose best calculated to achieve the desired object, but young men, just past their majority, who are smarting under the sense of grievous injustice protracted over a period of several weeks, are scarcely adapted .tor the manipulation of a "game of bluff" with a diplomat so skilled in his art that his Gov- ernment had entrusted him with the well-nigh hopeless task of convincing a Court of Inter- national Arbitration that black was white. After threatening vainly that we would not leave the legation precints until we had re- ceived our legal dues; after threatening vainly to expose His impecunious Excellency before the remainder of the hotel guests, we some- what ignominiously retired to our humble lodgings in the Zwartweg! The following morning we sallied forth and armed with such judicial plaints as might be useful under normal circumstances, but were naturally futile when dealing with an individ- ual endowed with Extra-Territorial Rights, wen- ded our way to the British Embassy in the Westeinde. H. '"E. Sir Henry Howard-with whom we were already acquainted—received us with his accustomed old-world courtesy, but was con strained* to point out to us that, having ac- cepted employment under a foreign Govern. ment, had temporarily forfeited our rights as British subjects, and that, even were that not the case, he could not interfere with the domestic economy of a brother diplomat. Under the circumstances he advised com- promise, and we, realising the force of his ar- gument, unwillingly aequised-unwillingly be- cause we had expended well nigh our last guilder in purchase of souvenirs, having still our hotel-bill to meet, and His Excellency our employer had threatened that no more money would be forthcoming until the transcripts were completed, which would inevitably be sev- eral weeks' hence. We wrote out and forwarded our capitulation, and spent a wearisome day, pending the moment when we could resume our duties. The following morning we attended at tke hotel, anticipating no further trouble, only to learn that the suite of chambers which had hithero been at our disposal had been closed; that the whole of the entourage of the Embassy had departed for Brussels; and that His Ex- cellency and his Chief Secretary would leave by the afternoon train for the same destina- tion. Small wonder^if we~4ittle more than boys (although we would not have admitted that at the time) and faced bf starvation in a foreign town fifty miles from the coast, with but scarce knowledge of the language—became des- nerai.p.! We waited! His Excellency descended to paj a courtesy farewell call upon his whilom ad- versary, the Special commissioner of the U.S.A. The spaeious square of the Voorhout is fairly safe at ten In the morning; nevertheless we did not deem it desirable to permit our dis- tinguished employer shown unnecessary risks by crossing it unprotected. Hence, we ac- companied him both to and fro, demonstrating with our walking-sticks the meanwhile. The estimable Don did not, however, appear to appreciate our disinterested attention, and lost no time in seeking refuge in his private apartments. We did not, nevertheless, relax our vigilance, my colleague mounting guard over the rear and I over the main entrance of the hotel. Time wore on and I spent it in wondering what would be the Dutch penalty for pulling an ambassador by the scruff of the neck omt of a carriage anil utilising him for road-sweep- ing purposes. Ultimately however, I was accosted in ex- cellent English by an urbane individual who requested my comparer, enforcing his demand by the production of a pewter medal bearing the legend "Agent van politie'' (agent of .police) I protested that all that I sought was the salary legally due to me, but the Assistant Manager of the Hotel put in an appearance, and chimed in with some remarks which could only have been acquired in Billingsgate, so I deemed durance vile better than Anglo-Satcon vile. Of the incidents immediately following it is necessary to say but little. Under normal circumstances I shorAd kave been released with either a caution or an apology as soon as His Excellency was safe across the frontier. It, however, transpired that I was practically penniless, and the police found me a decidedly unwelcome acquisition. My colleague put in an appearance and laid a complaint against the Ambassador, which the police readily seized unonas a possible solution of the difficulty. They, however, counted without their host. His Excellency demanded proofs of indebtedness, and the only one forth- coming was an agreement between, his fin an- cial agent in London and) my colleague for an exceedingly small sum. This, under pre- ssure, he paid, but refused to recognise any further claim, thereby pocketting the highly satisfactory amount of 84 guilden ( £ 7) plus our first-class fares to London! We were, in consequence, just able to meet our various indebtednesses and to pay our fare to England. Since my colleague was at liberty, whilst I was in custody, 1 suggested that he should take advantage of the circum- stances whilst I trusted myself to Kismet. This he did. and I never saw him alive again. Imagine my plight! Destitute in the Hague! Clothes made not the man; ostensibly prosper- ous, burdened with valuable luggage, my ex- chequer had fallen to 8 cents (Is. 7d). The manifold beauties of the quaint old Dutch capital possessed no charms for me; I was a. pauper alien. A twirl of "Miss Fortune's" capricious wheel had landed me in the custody of the "Politie," and I was on the eve of de- portation as an "undesirable. Meanwhile, so the courteous Chief of police informed me, I was to be "taken care of." I —they lodged me in the town gaol! Passports had I none. Nevertheless, a trio of Institute of Journalists' receipts bearing wafers embossed with the British Royal Arms proved duly impressive. Their contents were laboriously copied into a voluminous ledger, to- gether with a more or less—mainiy less—accu- rate account of my pedigree and facial beauties. Searched and ueprived of my possessions, 1 was locKed up lor tiie night. The cell proved to be doujjde, an iron gate dividing the dormi- tory from the living apartment. Acconnnoda-- tion was, in eacii instance, provided lor four tenants. A table with a stool chained to each leg, a .shell bearing four tin pannikins, and a couple of stone pitcners comprised tne furniture of the day quarters, whilst tiie dormi- tory consisted oi a quartette oj green cages oi iron lattice, each containing a bunk and a shelf-like seat. Sheet-iron divided each cu- bicle from its immediate neighbours. Loquacity appeared to be the predominant characteristic 01 my invisible companions in misfortune, and, judging by the constant recurrence oi the word "Engelshman," my advent appeared to have afforded a very welcome turn to the con- versation. The anxieties of the past few days, coupled with the exertions consequent upon my recent "personally conducted tour" between the var- ious police bureaux, had left ,me in no mind to cavii at the nature of the accommodation, nor did the hoarse gutturals of my estrange 9 bedfellows long preclude slumber. Aext morning, I was promoted to the dignity of a private apartment, where i was sump- tuously regaled upon black bread and tepid HulK. and water, being subsequently graciously permitted for a brief space, to patrol an exer- cise yard. Relegated once more to the seclusion of my simple, yet spacious apartments, 1 found that Fatner 'lime persistently declined to submit to an honoured martyrdom, and I tasted of the horrors of solitary confinement. Deprived of eve,y recreative facility and maddened by the constant jangle of bells and the eternal tramp of warders, i was reduced to the necessity ot counting in order to keep my mmd-occupied. I counted my steps, the bricks in the wall, the rivets in the door, the bars on the windows; I counted in English,, in French, in Dutch; I assiduously studied the prison rules con- spicuously displayed for my edification. The only provision* for ablutions consisted of a tin pannikin and a couple of stone pitchers. The absence of soap and towel would have proved inconvenient had there been any water, out there was none. Having reached the stage when I could con- template the possibility of insanity with cam- parative equanimity, my dinner arrived. It consisted oi a pink paste served in a battered tin basin, and accompanied by a wooden spoon. Ere I had mustered up sufficient courage to seriously attack the unsavoury "multum in paxvo," I was compelled —still unwashed— to make a hasty departure. By this time I was becoming innured to the drawbacks of travelling under surveillance, aid the curious glances of the public passed prac- tically unneticed. in gratification at being once again without the massive gates of the Huis te Bewarren; in contemplation of the beauties of The Hague., Delft, and of Rotterdam—our destination. At the latter city, a receipt having been given for my valued person, I was ushered into the presence of a number of other "undesirables." A motley and cosmopolitan crew they were; Germans from Hamburg, Negroes from the States, and a Mexican half-breed. Mainly sailors, they took their position in good part, and made short work of the white bread and laager beer which formed our joint repast. I hence, a hasty dash through the quaint, narrow streets of the old port to the picturesque quayside, where I was booked as a "third-ciass passenger aboard one of the vessels of the Nederland Stoomboot Maatschappij my gen- darme companion generously making me a magnificent present of 30 cents. k6,cl). For fellow-passengers I had a small party- apparently a couple of families-of Roumanian Jews, bound for the Eldorado of W hitechapel, and a young man whose intellectual bearing was in strange contrast to his disreputable appearance. Stern visaged men and women, with lives pre- maturely withered by privation and persecu- tion, speaking neither English nor French, were the former. The latter, seated dejectedly on a cargo of onions, answered "Spreke u Engelsh?" with a questioning stare. "Do you speak English!" I next essayed. "Wal, I guess so," was the somewhat start- ling rejoinder. Further enquiries elicited the fact that my "misfortune's bedfellow"—for such he was des- tined to be- was an ex-hotel cashier hailing from Philadelphia. Having volunteered for the U.S.A. Navy during the Spanish war, he had subsequently drifted into the mercantile maT ine, and been eventually left stranded in Rot- terdam by a rascally captain. His last cent, had gone to pay his passage to London. The accommodation on board proved to be scarcely palatial, and between the stench o the cargo-lumbered "cabin" and the bitter Oc- tober night air encountered on deck there was but little to choose. The latter, however, oossessed the compensating factors of the ever- changing panorama of the Maas, the quamt waterside villages, and the eccentric river-craft, and not till the fall of night did we seek shel- ter in our malodorous quarters below. Reaching "The Hook," six hours were spent in the embarkation of cargo. The monotony of the interval was bridged by a Bohemian supper consisting of black and white bread, sausage and Spanish onions, of which latter there was a plentiful cargo aboard. Water, or salt., we had none, and, the other courses on the menu having been exhausted, we conclud- ed our repast with onions pure and simple. For tobacco we smoked crushed cigars, reminis- cent relics of more prosperous days. Politioal discussion whiled away the re- mainder of the time, and eventually, at 11 P-™ as we steamed out into the North Sea we asleep, each between a couple of filthy mat- trsses, to awake again on the placid, if muddy bosom of Father Thames. Our Jewish companions, who had been up with the dawn, had been fed by the steward. We laggards had perforce to go breakfastless, for onions no longer appealed to our taste. A bucket of hot water from the engine-room 3ufficed for our toilet and we went on deck. The Jews were hanging over the side surveying and volubly discussing the desolate panorama. One could not but help feeling that this waste of commercially-desecrated Nature constituted the first of the many disappointments awaiting the plucky band of emigrants who had tra- velled so far in search of those illusory will-o the' wisps, Liberty and Wealth. Whether or no they as yet realised the wreckage of many a long-cherished ideal 'twas hard to say. Thei impassive faces betrayed nothing; emotion seemed a thing unknown to them. Gravesend and Woolwich aroused a passing interest, being momentarily mistaken for a first view of the great Metropolis, but it was not until Green- wioh, with i-ts unrivalled architectural tableau, was passed that they perceptibly shook off their lethargy and manifested any trace of appreciation or enthusiasm. The' long chain of docks,, with its gaunt, warehouses and general characteristic of ffrimfness, led them to relapse into their accustomed apathy, but the advent to the Tower Bridge once more awoke their enthusiasm, which was accentuated when the ancient fort- ress itself hove into sight. But a few moments more, and the vessel, with its strange admixture of cargoes, was alongside a quay, where a dozen or so Jews were waving a frantic welcome to their com- patriots from across the seas. For the first time our fellow passengers trod the soil of absolute freedom. Bureaucracy was conspicuously absent; the great Eldorado lay before them. They were free to land, free to go wheresoe'er they chose. ° And there we left them. For the moment they were happy in their new-found liberty, happy in the embrace of loved ones; disillu- sionment would come all too soon. Together we walked through Thames Street, whose odours were sweet compared with those behind us. Outwardly as ill-assorted a couple as could well be imagined, yet had we one bond of sympathetic union-both were penni- less, both' starving. Under the shadow of the Monument v-e parted; he to the Eastward in march of a Sailor's Refuge and a passage to the States; I to the Westward to enact the role of the Prodi- gal Son. (This series to be Continued).
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LETTERSTON EISTEDDFOD. KEEN COMPETITIONS: ENCOURAGING RE- SULTS. The above event, which took place on Wed- nesday, the 28th April, at Saron Baptist Chapel, turned, out a grand success, both from the point of view of good and keen competition and of very encouraging financial results .The function had for its object the wiping away of a portion of the debt existing on the spacious new vestry recently erected for the use of Saron Church, and the results were highly gratifying to the promoters, who left nothing undone in making the event an attraction. This fact could be at once observed on glancing over the very complete programme arranged. The musical items were well chosen, and showed that those concerned were anxious to maintain a high level. The solos were of a very 'high standard in the adult section, and it was very pleasing to find that on two at least of them there was keen competition. The committee was highly complimented by the respective adjudicators on their good taste, but whether they aimed too high was a question that was not given sufiicient. proof of to make them regr.et. their action. They are to be congratulated on having made a good start towards elevating the standard of -niusi- cal and other items in events of the kind. The items, taken as a whole, were well con- tested, the juvenile section in particular re- ceiving very numerous competitors, and the standard of competition was highly satisfactory to both promoters and adjudicators. The es- says on "How to preserve the Welsh Language" were described by the adjudicator as being of a highly creditable standard, but the produc- tion of the poets on the "Earthquake," with one exception, were of a very weak character creating much hiliarity amongst the audience when the adjudicator read extracts of some of them. The recitations, the adult in parti- cular, were keen. The horse-shoe competition -a novelty recently introduced into local eis- teddfodau to foster goodworkmanship amongst the sons of Vulcan-was also keen. The adjudicators were as follows:—Music, Rev. S. Glanedd Bowen, G.T.S.C., Cilgerran; preliminary tests, Mr. J. O. Phillips, Mathry; literature, Rev. D. Lewis tHoTeb), who was ably assisted on the recitations by the worthy con- ductor of the eisteddfod, Rev. W. Glynfab Williams (rector of Dinas); Horse Shoes, Mr. William Lawrence, Letterston. The accompanist for the day was Miss Myfanwy Davies, Llangloffan, who received the encomiums of all for the very capable way in which she performed her arduous duties. The chairman of committee was Ald. H. A. Williams, chemist; and treasurer, Mr. A. H. Perkins, whilst the secretarial duties could not have been put in more able hands than those of Mr. Thomas Richards, tailor, who left nothing undone, as the highly satisfactory results testify. Those already mentioned were ably and readily assisted by members of the Church and numerous friends from the district who rallied round to give a helping hand in the proceedings. „ It may be mentioned that the friends of the Church contributed liberally towards the re- freshments, almost all the necessaries being given, and this fact greatly enhanced the balance sheet towards the close of the day's proceedings. AFTERNOON MEETING. The attendance at this meeting was some- what small, owing probably to the busy season. In the absence of Mr. James Harries, C.C., who wrote (enclosing a cheque towards the building fund), regretting inability to attend owing to illness, the Rev. W. J. Rees, Punches- ton, took the chair, and was supported on the platform, besides the officials already tioned, by the Rev. B. Thomas, pastor of the Church. The awards were as follows:- Recitation for boys and girls unaer lc. yo coiilp,etitors).-Th-e two prizes were divided between Willie J. Blank. Fishguard; and Elizabeth Jones, Cilau Hill. -r Solo for boys under 12 (4 con-ipetitoTS).-I, J. LI. Rowe, Ridge, Letterston; 2nd, Thomas Rowe, Letterston. Solo for girls under 12 (three competitors.— 1, Myfanwy Lawrence, Letterston; 2, Lizzie Rowe, Ridge. Solo for boys over 12 and under 16 (two com- petitors)—1, J. G. Harries, Lower Fishguard; 2, Edward Lawrenee, Letterston. Recitation for boys and girls over 12 and under 16.—1, Maud Blank, Fishguard; 2, AlaTy Blodwen Rees, Harmony, Peneaer. (A silver medal as special prize in this recitation was given to the first prize winner by Mr. Johnnie 9 p Richards, Letterston). aanv Solo for girls over 12 and under 16. 1, .-ally Vaughan, Fishguard; 2nd prize divided between Lilian Rees, Llysyfran and Gwennie Charles, Letterston.. Baritone solo (for those who ha,ve not won a prize)-1, George Evans, Parsele; 2, Essex Nicholas, Garndwyrain. Pair of cart horse shoes (hammered work (4 competitors)-l, James Harries, Newton. Contralto Solo—1, Miss Mary LI-ewelliii Mau- dyDuet (S. and B.)—l, Miss Bessie Richards and Mr. Charles Evans, Letterston. Juvenile unoir, iu-uwyr ibsu. sang in the following order1, Glanymonaid (Fishguard, conductor, Mr. J. W. George, sadd- ler); 2, Maenclochog Juvenile Choir (conductor, Mr. Edmund Phillips); 3, Letterston Juvenile Choir (conductor, Mr. D. J. Richards). No. 1 had good voices and good balance except with the altos; tempo very good; enunciation not as well as could be expected on the word "battle"; too much expression, and the pias too strong. No. 2-VeTy good voices with good expression; very good balance; the altos were very fine- and subdued, and sang with much feeling. No. 3.—A very good choir with a good style; tempo was good; altos too open, and the sopranos did not blend very well, but was a very creditable rendering. Prize awarded No. 2, Maenclochog. EVENING MEETING. Mr. W. George James, J.P., Llysyronen, very ably presided over a crowded gathering m the evening, and expressed great pleasure in as- sisting in every good cause.In the course of a brief but able address, he dealt with the eistedd- fod as a noble institution which had done much towards elevating the standard of music and literature throughout Wales, saying that it was an educational institution in itself. He also rrade a passing reference to the very high and honourable position held by Welshmen in all parts of the world, and attributed the suc- cess of the "Cymry" in a great measure to the moral and educational influence of the eistedd- fod. The following w ere the awards ■ ■'Tenor Solo—Mr. Titus Jones, Goodwick. Poem. "Daearjryn" (Earthquake)—1, Mr. W. Lawrence, Letterston, who3e production will appear in our next issue. Ladies Choir (conductor, Mr. Essex Wicholas) was the only party, and in awarding them the Drize the adjudicator said the party sang very well; the two higher parts were clean and sweet, but the lower part was not so good; it wis he thought, too heavy for the singers m B). "Lie treigWr CSen^, Messrs. Titus Jones and Wm. Morns, Good- WHymn Tune "Bavaria."—One choir entered, viz., Letterston choir (conductor, Mr. VV. Nicholas). Tn awarding the prize the adjudi- cator complimented the party for giving a clean and sweet rendering of the piece; the contralto was particularly correct, and the choir well deserved the prize- D T Impromptu Speech, "Bachelor. -1, Mc- D- J. Isaac, Goodwick. Rev, W J. Reee, Punches ton, adjudicated on this item. Recitation for adults "Cnst yn llys ±-nat. i Mr Gwilym Rees, Harmony. Male Voice, "Mae Nhad wrth y Llyw. -Two choirs competed, viz., Goodwick Male Voice Party (conductor, Mr. Joe Price), and "Glany- moriaid" (Croesgoch, conductor, Mr. John Evans). Adjudication:—No. I.-Good voices, good balance; the first tenors were too metallic in tone-one or two voices were prominent in this part; they were too open but improved towards the end; first part of tempo was too fast* basses were good, but there was too much forcing, and the blend was "^altogether good.—No. 2.—Good tempo, and. veg' good voices; the 1st tenors too open ^t the iJcond 1; first movement rather s ow but theJ^con<J movement was very complete, good basses ana +>= fhoir eave a more complete rendering, and the prize was awarded to CrOesg()crl ua-riy. Essay, "How to preserve the Welsh Lan- guage."—1, Mr. John Thomas, merchant, Let- terston. -r, „ m, Baritone solo, "Arm, arm, ye Brave. -Tms was a very good and keen competition, and the prize was awarded to Mr. J. D. Lewis, TCh £ f Choral, "Dyddiau dvn sydd *|} ^laf; welltyn."—Three choirs competed as follows. 1 Croesgoch Choir (conductor, Mr. John, Crocs- i'nchV 2 Tabernacle Choir, Fishguard (conduc- tor, Mr. Thomas 3, United S^nld v«y awen1;°nthe contralto' were forcing t £ > much in the second movement; ^n^tion was faulty; the sopranos did not Diena to- gethet; the main fault of the choir was lack of balance, and the tempo was much tQ..o slow. No 2—Verv good voices; singing uitn niutn feeling, good balance; the party under gZd trailing; the rallantando was five; the 'pia passages weTe Brominent; tCyf»ah3%ath« SJl and ooauK of voices, singing with mu0^!j!ri^^Pb"tterV<andnlmoie the second movement was pet effective than the other ehmrs^mng^ to tte strength of 'T^s choir gave the most SpS rTnderinl ofT.hl piSe Li were well WThisy competition," which aroused much ex, citement,. terminated thejpw^^tendered a the pastor Rev. B. ihomas, i who had the eisteddfod, thTtCmShtdb?ementioned that the days' pro- ceedings contributed handsome su iS& desire to thank all who assisted in every way.
LONDON STORES West St., Fishguard. The Best House for Welsh Flannels, Stockings, and Blankets, &c., also a choice selection of Grocery Goods. Nothing but the Best in everything is stocked and prompt attention is given to all orders A. S. DAVIES, London Stores, Fishguard. BRODOG TIMBER YARD, FISHGUARD. W. MORGAN & SON Beg to inform the public generally that they have OPENED BUSINESS as Timber Merchants, And have now in stock all kinds of Timber, also general Building Materials. Sawing (by Gas Power) done on the Premises. Orders respectfully solicited. PETER WILLIAMS, Stationer, West-street Bridge, Fishguard. RAND selection in general Fancy Goods, 1 Travelling Bags, Ladies Handbags, Parses, Clothes and Hair Brushes, Combs, Razors, Pocket Knives, Pipes, Pouches, Tobaccos, &c. Capern's Finch and Canary Seeds. Large range in Bibles, Prayer Books, and Standard Works by eminent authors, and Life of the Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George, M.P., at popular prices. Pictorial Post Cards of local and district views in fine Coloured and Photographic processes. Fishing Rods, Flies and Trout Tackle, &c. r Also Hairdressingand Shaving Department. Things you Require Useful and Artistic For Old and Young Reimport Bouse, fisbauard, CAN SUPPLY Tea Services from 5s 6d Dinner Services from lis 6d Toilet Sets from 4s lid O A Large Selection of Cups and Saucers, Plates, and Choice Dinner and Tea Ware. Stoneware, Footwarmers, Jars, Pans, and Butter Pots. Presents for the Season and a Useful large variety of Toys, &c. THE SLADE TIMBER YARD, FISHGUARD. J. M. GUILD TIMBEXi MERCHANT Has a Large and Varied Stock of I Good Building Timber (in Red Pitch-pine, White and Spruce), Flooring Boards and Match-boards, Yellow Pine, Spruce, Archangel White, American White Wood, Carolina. Pine and Oak- sawn Boards, Prepared Mouldings, com- prising Architraves, Saslfes, Sills, Skirting Boards, ike., also Split and S^wn Roof and Ceiling Laths, Wire-cut and other Nails. Speciality—Welsh Oak, Ash, and Elm, Shafts, Spokes and Felloes, Shovel and Mattock Sticks, Ladders Cart Material cut to size. Wheelblocks turned and Gates and Bar- rows made to order. Estimates given to supply Buildings. OFFICES — SLADE, FISHGUARD. Letterston Joinery Works and Saw Mills. Daniel Thomas & Son Beg to inform the public generally that they have OPENED BUSINESS as TIMBER MERCHANTS And have now in stock all kinds of Timber, also general Building Materials Sawing, by a powerful Oil Engine, done on the premises. PAINTS-Linseed Oil, Turps, and all kinds of Paints. Varnishes from the best meters. Also Engine and Paraffin Oil SLATES—Carnarvon and Local Slates, orna- mental ridges and plain. Also J.B.W. and other best Portland Cement, and Lime in truck loads, and Tenby Sand. PAVEN BRICKS-Encortic Tiles and all other Paving Bricks, Chimney Pots and Drain Pipes. Window Glass cut to sizes and Wall- Papers ordered direct from makers. IRONMONGERY-Grates and Mantlepieces, Rain-water Gutters and Pipes, and all kinds of Nails. Also Corrugated I Iron of all sizes in stock. Estimates Free. Orders respectfully solicited. Umbrellas In order to meet a long existing public demand, 5). bairdresse r. West St. & Main St., FISHGUARD Has engaged a fully Practical UMBRELLA-MAKER, And invites public patronage. Umbrellas repaired, re-covered, or new handles made, and refixed, and all other repair work-undertaken. Moderate Charges. First-class work guaranteed. 3 MINUTES FROM G.W.R. STATION. Convenient to the Docks. ml Private Sitting Rooms and S Comfortable Bedrooms. GRIFFITHS' Temperance Hotel, CAROLINE STREET, CARDIFF. ,|j] IMPORTANT TO MOTHERS! Ever;- .other whr> values the Health and wr C:c<tniiness oi her chiid should use 9^ A HARMSOHSS A Y "R^UABLE" f A NURSERY POMADE. A S' One application kills *11 Nits and Vermin, gr A b-aMifies and strengthens the Hair. T jm In Tins, 4rj. 9:1. Postage id. Jk c F C. W. VARRiSOri, CHEMIST, BitCAO ST., SHADING. W I .IJ,r'- Sold by all Chemists. For Goodwick, D. L. Llewellyn, chemist, and Phillips and Meyler, chemists. Fishguard, Thos, Lewis, chemist, Market Square 9 Latest Fashions for Spring and Summer, 1909, AT J Paris House, West-Street, Fishguard Francis A. Davies i INVITES AN INSPECTION OF HIS | New Stock of Latest Novelties, Choicest Designs & Newest Styles i TAILOR-MADE COATS & SKIRTS in all the Leading Designs. New Jackets, Costume Skirts, Underskirts, Children's Coats, &c. 1 • 1 Dainty Blouses in Real Irish Linen Embroidered, Delaines, Lace, Viyella j Shirt Blouses, Nuns Veilings, Cambrics, Jap Silks, Blouse Robes, &c. Grand Stock of Black and Coloured Dress Materials, New Costume Tweeds, Serges, Alpaca's Delaines, Zephyrs, Crepe Lawns, Muslins, Drills, Oxford Shirtings, French Cambrics, Naval I Cloths, &c;- Novelty of the Season—The New 2-Toned effect 1 — in Cambrics, Delaines, &c 4 Smart Novelties in Lace Goods, Tabots, Fronts, Cravats, Motor Veils, New J Smart Novelties in Lace Goods, Tabots, Fronts, Cravats, Motor Veils, New J New Belts, Umbrellas, Sunshades, Insertions, Laces, Trimmings. Corsets in all the leading makes. Feather Boas in great variety. CEPTIONAL VALUE IN GLOVES in Kid, Swede, Doeskin, Real Gazelle | and Reindeer. Dent's celebrated Kid Gloves in Black and Colours—Is Hid J per pair. New Fabric Gloves and Mitts in all shades and lengths. f Special Value in Lace Curtains, Brise-Bise Nets, Madras Muslins, Sheetings, -j Quilts, Calicoes, Flannelettes, Cretonnes, Hearthrugs, Carpet Squares, 1 Straw Mats and Matting, Window Hollands. New Patterns in Flour-cloths, Linoleums, Cork Lino and Carpets. Inlaid Linoleum a Speciality. F j CHRISTY'S CELEBRATED HATS & CAPS in all the NEW SHAPES Gents' Straw Hats, Shirts, Ties, Collars, Pants, Vests, &c. i Boy's Suits in great variety. Children's Fancy Jersey's, Caps, Sailor Hats, &c. i. Throughout the Season, Novelties will be added as soon as Produced Every Endeavour has been made to Maintain the Reputation for supplying the Highest Class Goods at the Lowest Possible Prices. Pendre Motor & Cycle Works, Istterston, ^.T. WILLIAMS^ Begs to draw special attention to his L A RGE STOCK of WTHIGH- GRADE CYCLES A large proportion of which have been Built throughout on the Premises. Machines Built from B. S. A. FITTINGS a speciality. Agent for the following High-grade Cycles :-Royal Enflelds, Premiers, Rovers, Singers, Rudge-Whitworths, Sparkbooks, and Swift Cycles. Every description of Repairs executed at most moderate Charges. Send your Old Machines to be Re-enamelled and Re-plated. 1^" TME IIOU m DreSS Skirts. That does things well is sought after by Belts. Underskirts. all," so don't miss visiting Bradford House Motor Scarf 8 Blouses. to see my New Goods for the coming season, SHJc Ties Aprons. Whioh ot a" the creations aod Gloves. Pinafores. Novelties "om the home aod Collars. Markets. You should see the amazing r>„ m._ Gorsets% Puritan value I offer in Dress and Blouse Fabrics of Collars Under-clothing. every description, also Household Linen, in Veilings Hosiery. fact everything you require I stock. Frillings. Hats. OUTFITTING. Caps. Collars. y°a deoWed what you like ,ot yonr Suits. Ties new Suit ? No matter what the style, shade, Fancy Vests. or pattern, you will find it here. Beauti- Grocers. > Fronts. n • A fully Tailored Garments cut to fit, made to ^atntersf Braces. please, guaranteed tQ wear well. Mechanics Shirts. Aprons. Pants. Men's Suits to measure from 2188 Jackets and Vests to 60s. Overalls. JSvsun. Davies, Bradford pouge, Wegt pt., Figfjprd. 23T_ ROBERTS, A.1C3hc:»: c:» -aS9 Is now showing a choice Selection of 3Xr B "W GOODS IN ALL DEPARTMENTS. BLOUSES AND BLOUSE MATERIALS in all the Newest Shades, in Muslins, Zephyrs, Delaines, Delainettes, etc. DRESS MATERIALS in all the latest shades, in Plain Cloths, Fancy Tweeds, Cashmeres, etc. A Splendid Variety in Trimmings, Braids, Buttons, Collar Supports, Hat Pins, etc. Novelties in Neck Wear, Frillings, Embroidery, Lace and Silk Collars with Frill, Plastrons, Ties, etc. MILLINERY for old and young in Trimmed and -Untrimmed Straws, Crinolines, etc. A Large Stock of Lace Curtains, Netts, Muslins, Cretonnes, and Hearth Rugs, in all qualities. GENTS' DEPARTMENT. This year's Patterns of Gents' Suits to measure from 21s. up is the finest selection we have ever had. We are doing a large business in this Department and can offer splendid value. A Large Stock of GENTS' CAPS, COLLARS, TIES, MUFFLERS, etc., always on show. T New Boots&Shoes for Spring. Lotus shoes mean ILOTUSl i r for ladies a perfect i. f Ladies' Shoe No. y/J fit and a greater 42 J degree of comfort. swesj2] Si J- ? f Width *3xj f" 1 I t widufTl I t | 9 idwh 4s per pair for cash III H O D G E 'S i) Guildhall Square Carmarthen 2 A and varied stock of boot3 and shoes at all prices always in stock. Best value guaranteed Also at MARKET SQUARE, FISHGUARD.