THE JEWISH DAY OF ATONE- MENT. What is termed in the Hebrew calendar Earn llippour. or Day of Atonement, will be solemnised in all Jewish places of worship to-day. The white fast," as the holy day is also called, is the most sacred ordinance in the Jewish year book, and was instituted by Divine command. Refer- ence is made to the event in Leviticus xxiii., 27 to 34, in which it is described as a solemn feast, decreed for the pardon of the sins of all Israelites who are contrite and true in their repentance. It further teaches that forgiveness is not to be expected by the worshipper unless he or she has forgiven those from whom injury has been received. Members of the Jewish faith in all parts of the kingdom put business on one side on this holy occasion, and show their fidelity to their religion by attending and sitting through the long iervices at the synagogues.
CARDIFF RATEPAYERS1 ASSOCIATION, SCHOOL BOARD PRECEPTS. At a meeting of tho Cardiff Ratepayers'Asso- ciation held last Monday evening, the following resolution was passed :—" That an application be made to the Cardiff School Board for the use of Wood-street Schoolroom for the purpose of hold- ing a ratepayers' meeting to consider several matters of importance, and that this association undertakes to pay foe the gas and cleaning of the room for the purpose." It was also agreed to ask the school board to prepare an estimate of expen- diture six months in advance, aud to give the overseers time to collect the money required, so as to avoid payment of iuterest for bankers' over-draft, which, it was stated, amounted last year to about £240, and still ap- peared to be gradually increasing.— Mr D. Rees, the clerk to the Cardiff School Board, has since written to Mr T. Webbor, sec- retary to the association, a letter in which be states that the subject of granting the use of the board schools fox otbefthan educational purposes is now under the consideration Of the board, and that until a decision h. s been come to 011 tbe matter the board do nor feel at liberty to depart from tbeir usual practice, aud cannot therefore comply with the request made to them. As to precepts, the present practice of the board is what the ratepayers' association suggests—the over- seers have six month.' notice of precepts.— Mr Webber now addresses to us a communication on the Cardiff School Board precept, under date October 4th, in which be remarks :—" I have just seen the precept as ordered yesterday, which is a demand for £7,000, to bo paid by the 10th inst., for the expenses of the school board for the next six months to the 1st of April, 1890. This does not give any time for the overseers to collect the money. The corporation will not meet till the 14th inst. to order the payment. How, then, can the money be paid on the 10lh? Besides, the money is not kept in hand-it has to be collected, and must be included in the next rate before it can be collectecl."
THE FATALITY TO AN AERONAUT. A Vienna correspondent writes .-—Particulars are now to hand concerning the terrible balioou accident at Reval, in Russia, which cost the aeronaut Leroux his lite. The weather waa everything that could be desired for an ascent. In two or three minutes the balloon had reached an altitude of about 5,000 feet, when a alight breeze caused it to drift towards the sea. Leroux, who was seated on a trapeze underneath, presently dropped with his parachute while still over the land but, unfortunately, in bis descent be met with a strong current of air which made the parachute swing to aud fro like a pendulum, It was blown out sea, but at first uo appre- hension was entertained for Leroux, who was known to be an excellent swimmer. More- over, there were boats out in reamnesa to assist him if necessary. Suddenly, when within 40 or fifty feet of the water, Leroux dropped from the parachute, falling lengthways heavily into the waves. He rose for few seconds to the surface, but disappeared immediately, and was not seen again. It was generally supposed that he had a fit while effecting his descent; but, the body having been recovered, a post-mortem examina- tion was held, and it was ascertained that death was due to drowning. Au engineer of St. Petersburg has been entrusted with a technical inquiry concerning the circumstances of Leroux'd death.
SHOT DEAD AT A PRAYER MEETING. A mysterious tragedy is reported from Moss- point, Mississippi. A prayer meeting was in progress in one of tho local chapels, and as the evening was warm, the windows and doors were kept open. Suddenly a roan stepped to the open door, and, levelling a guu at the kneeling con- gregation, fired and fled. The charge struck and killed a gentleman named Mclunis and his little daughter, and wounded a man named Blumer. Great consternation prevailed in the chapel, and in the confusion the murderer had uo difficulty in making good his escape. The cause of the crime is unknown, and it is not likely that the assassin will ever be brought to justice, in the absence of motive or of the slightest clue to identity,
INQUESTS AT PUBLIC-HOUSES. The worm, it has been said, will turn when trodden upon. No direct evidence has ever been brought to bear on this proverbial assertion, which, however, may be considered figuratively if not physically accurate. Worms Co occasionally turn in meek remonstrance against the brutal boot-heel. Take for example that useful and most uncomplaining of public functionaries, the coroner. There was an in- quest held yesterday at a tavern in Lambeth on the body of a baby, who had died of convul- sions provoked by the fumes ot a, paraffin lamp. The coroner inquired of the mother of the infant whether there bad been auy drinking going on over-night. The woman replied that both her husband and herself were teetotaiers. "Then," quoth the coroner, "I am very sorry to bring you to such a place." The mother went on to say that it was much against her with that she had come to a public-bouse, and the coroner added, I am sorry to say that we bave no coroner's court in Lambeth. It is simply a dis- grace." And so it is. The office of coroner is one of the most ancient in the English legal system. It is essentially a solemn office, and yet authority in its wisdom suffers crowner's 'quest" law to be administered in the "first-floor fronts" of trio palaces and beer shops.
SCENE AT A MUSIC-HALL. The officers of the North Somerset Yeomanry, Bow in training at Bath, on Wednesday night attended the music-hall there. Taking offence at the reference by one of the vocalists to Royalty, the army, and navy, the officers, led by their adjutant, rose in a body and left the hall, loudly biasing the performer, who, however, was much cheered by the audience. The incident caused much confusion.
At the Newcastle-on-Tyne Revision Court, yes- terday, objection was raised by the Conservatives to over 3,000 Liberals already on the register The Liberals disputed the objection and the decision on the £ ioint was adjourned.
THE RITUAL AT ST. MARY'S, CARDIFF. If STRONG PROTEST BY CHURCHMEN. "OUTRAGEOUSLY POPISH," ROBBING THE THEATRE." AN UNSPEAKABLE SCANDAL AND DISGRACE." In the latest issues of the different Church papers, reference is very generally made to the high ritual at the service in St. Mary's, Cardiff, on Tuesday last. On the one hand, the Evan- gelical party in the Church condemn the pro- ceedings utterly, using very strong language and threatening protest to the bishop of the diocese; on the other band, the Ritualists are most grati- fied, deducing from the fact that such a service was permitted a conclusion that official recogni- tion has been given to what took place. "EVERY ILLEGAL PRACTICE." Commencing with a reference to the procession of clergy, the Hock observes :—We are uot fond of processions, which are nothing more or less than a huge advertisement, imitated from managers of the circus fraternity. Scientific and literary men who meet from time to time in con- gresses do not see it necessary to imitate this form of cheap advertising. Our contemporary adds We regret to hear that the Ritualists, under the auspices of the English Church Union, seised the opportunity for haviug what may be called high jmks" in St. Mary's Church, where the Bishop of Derry preached. Dr Alexander is not himself a "Rit," but ho is unfortunately an ambitious man, aud be is very anxious to be translated to an English bishopric. He sees which way the wind blows, and to which school of thought the bishoprics are given. Consequently he lends himself to things of this kind. The sermon, however, was by no means the worst part ot the Divine service in St. •^Mary's. We have uo hesitation in saying that almost every illegal practice for which Ritualists contend was indulged to the full. Incense was swinging, 24 candies were lighted on the so-called "altar," while a crucifix was kept well to the front. Prostrations, bowiugs, crossings were Quite the order of the day. In fact, nothing was omitted that could possibly help to bring our Church into ridicule in the eyes of honest and thoughtful men. We hear that a protest has drawn up and has been signed on behalf of lay and clerical, Church Association, and the Pro- testant Churchmen's Alliance, which is going Co be transmitted to the authorities who are respon- sible for Church Congresses. We do earnestly hope that these ridiculous extravagances may be checked, as the only effect thuy will have will be to bring Church Congresses into bad odour with more moderate Churcbmeu. "A DELIBERATE INSULT." "A Town Parson," writing to tna Bock, states in reference to the service at St Mary's :—Men who have grown gray in the service of the Church assure me that they were often entirely at a loss to know what point of the s-rvice bad been reached. Inceuse, flowers, llibts, and singing of the "Agnus Dei." Ail this, we take was something more than bad taste on such an occa- sion. It was a deliberate iusult to a large number of persons who supposcd.tba.t they were simply,join- ing in an ordinary Congress service, and who, until they found themselves where protest was impos- sible, had no idea what awaited them. If the clergy of St Mary's Church are unable to have witbin its wall, on an occasiou when men of all schools are met together, a service which will not be an outrage to the feelings of mauy who are sure innocently, because iguorautiy, to attend, the secretaries of the Congress ought not to have arranged for a service at that church. "A WONDERFUL ADVANCE." By way of contrast, we may quote the opinion of the Church Ileview.—"The service at St. Mary's marked a wouderful ad Vànce. It wail one officially recognised by the Congress, and consisted of a choral celebration of the Holy Communion with full orchestral accompaniments. The internal arrangements are churchlike, and the altar, on which wete 22 lighted candles, pre- sented a very religious aspect. The service, in which all the" six points" were used, was most reverent and dignified. Some few people behaved very badly, ostentatiously refusing to kneel, aud one, a clergyman, too, actually bad the audacity to read a newspaper dunug the somewhat loug time that elapsed before the procession arrived." A "MOST IMPORTANT EVENT." Dae of the most important events from onr (Church Review) point of view was the service held at. tit; Mary's. That the principal service at one of the churches officially selected should be the Eucharist is a consummation we have long hoped for but at Cardiff it seems that Catholic principles are so much in the ascendant that it was impossible, without drawing invidious dis- tinctions, to obtain three churches unless one were included in which the Catholic faith is reinforced by Catholic practice. A MIDDLE VIEW, The service was a solemn celebration of the most advanced Ritualistic type, with incense. Though by no meaus myself an objector to such services (wntss a correspondent of the Banner), I could not help thinking that such a service at congress time with tha divided opinions there ure on such things was a great mistake. With feelings more or le611 in sympatby with tbe party, it was difficult to be devout what must it have been to those who could not approve of what they witnessed ? And what of the Bishop of Derry, iu whose diocese Orangism is rampant, will he not hear much of this in Irelnnd to his discomfort ? RITUALISM RAMPANT IN CARDIFF. Tha English Churchman is very outspoken :— "The selection of Cardiff, a place where Ritualism is rampant,as the place of meeting the departure from the customary colourless character of the topics choseu for discussion by the intro- duction of monasticism in conoaction with the Protestant Church of England, under the title of Community Life tor the Clergy the signifi- cant preponderance of Ritualistic readers and speakers the selection of such a notorious mass- house as St Mary's, Cardiff, for one of the congress sermons; the arrangement that—we believe for the first time—the Holy Communion should be administered as a part of the cougress service, and that of all places at St Mary's and, lastly, that the Protestant Bishop of Derry should be the preacher at the travesty of the Lord's Supper thus deformed—one and all call loudly for serious con- sideration. "The matter will not end here. The out- rageously Popish service is the general talk of Cardiff. The Ritualists are, naturally enough, in great glee. There are indications that a storm is brewing and I suspect that neither the congress committee nor the Bishop wil1 hear the last of it for many a day. This looks like a deliberate attempt on the part of the Ritualists to drive the Evaugelicals away from Church Congressss. Those who are now at Cardiff fed that they have been treated shamefully by the controlling body, aud tbeir indignation, which is shar8d by a large number of old-fashioned High Churchmen, kuows no bounds. Whether any member of the congress will protest puclicly against sllch scandalous support of Romanizing in its most obnoxIous form remains yet to be seen but if the Protestant members allow it to pass by without a protest it will say but little for their courage and faithfulness. After a somewhat wide experience of Ritualistic services of London and the country, 1 (writes a correspondent of the English, Churchman) can decidedly affirm that I never witnessed anything more advanced in a Romeward direction that th8 ritual in this church, and it certainly exceeded them all in what may be truly termed ridiculous antics. An old inhabitant of Cardiff, who hap- pened to be also present at the same time, said to me afterwards, Sir, they wore simply robbing the theatre." It would not be possible, within a reasonable space, to describe fully all I bad the misery to behold. There were turnings aud twistings, bowiDgs and tendings, kissings and crossings, processions and recessions, enough to 9cswilder the calmest head. It may be safely said that if the three clergymen who officiated had of set purpose made a special effort to appear ridicu- lous they could not have been more successful. A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION." Not the least impressive feature of this year's meeting III, iu the opinion of tbe Church Times, the new departure of one of the congress sermons being preached at a high celebration of the Holy Communion, with all the adjuncts of a dignified ritual. This is a step in the right directiion. The correspondent of the Church. Times states We hve seen that in Cardiff there is plenty of gen:1ine Church work going on, although there is room for more, but for a town of, say 124,000 inhabitants, I certainly never beheld Nonconformity repre- sented to the extent which it is here. So far as I can make out, there are, counting parish churches, chapels ot ease, and mission- rooms, twenty-six buildings in the town in which Church of England services are conducted. Reaily, for a town of this size to have sixty-four dissenting meeting houses is what I could hardly have believed even of Wales, if I had not taken the trouble to count them up. If 1 mistake not, this is the twnty-fourth Church Congress which I have attended as the representative of the Church Times. I remember that in my early days ot attendance ou such occasions I had to mention as a specially noteworthy fact that one church, or at most two, in the Congress town had a celebra- tion of the Holy Eucharist at an early hour during the week. What is the case this year, and of all places in the world in South Wales — the headquarters, as is generally supposed, of Nonconformity 1 At St John s Church, and at St Andrew's, there are celebrations of the Holy Eucharist every morning at 7.30; at St. Mary's, two cele- brations, i.e., at 7.15 and at 8. At Llandaff Cathedral there is Holy Communion daily at 8 during the session. At St. Margaret's, St. Anne's, St. Germans, and St. Saviour's, Roath, there are daily celebrations, for the most part two in each church. Then, lurther, there is an early celebra- tion every morning in tbo chapels-of-ease (St. James's and bt. attached to St. John's and St. Mary < respectively. What can be more cheering and encouraging ? I wisb that our English Church folk would take notice of such matters as these, for they are distinctly signs of the times, and will tend to show what real genuine, earnest work for the Church will effect notwitbstandiDg-or, more properly speaking) because of-oppollition. AN UNSPEAKABLE SCANDAL AND DISGRACE." The fact is, declares another writer, the tiro- ceedings are an unspeakable scandal and disgrace aud the Bishop of Derry has deliberately dealt a blow against the Church in Wales which he can never undo. He has sanctioned the Mass with all its attendant heresies and idolatry, and given his imprimatur to sacerdotal lawlessness.
OUR FUND STILL INCREAS- ING. Tha stream of sympathy with the suffering agriculturists of South Wales flows with unabated force. As the facts of the position are becoming better known, the tremendous difficulties with which the Nonconformist yeomanry have to con- tend are exciting general sympathy. The myr- midons of the Church never for a moment antici- pated that the searching light of a free press would be shed ou the strange- doings which have recently taken place in Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire. It is hardly credible that over L93 lias been paid in respect of a tithe claim which originally was J310 158, and that in another case execution was levied for jS71 in respect of a tithe claim which originally was £ 6 17s 6d. Such, nevertheless, is the fact, and the instances might be multiplied. It is to be hoped that the meeting of the Liberal Federation yesterday will give a stimulus to the fund. It will be noted that the amount is swelling day by day and there is every indica- tion that a large sum will be reached. Not the least gratifying of the letters which we have received was one which came to hand yesterday from a drapers' assistant, who said tl.i,ut he felt bound to express his sympathy with the oppressed farmers and his devotion to Liberalism in a practical manner. The many communications we have received demonstrate bow genuine is the sympathy for the sufferers:from a hateful tyranny, and how deeply the feeling has permeated every rank of society. Appended is a list of subscriptions to date Mr Thomas Williams J.P.. Gwaelodvgarth. 15 0 0 Sir Edward lteed, K.C.B, M.P. 10 0 0 Messrs Duncan and fions, Cardiff 10 10 0 Dr Enoch Davies, Llandyssul 10 0 0 Mr J. D. Williams, jeweller. Merthyr. 600 Mr Davia Jones, J.P., Mayor of Cardiff 5 5 0 Mr Frank Edwards, B.A., Aberdare 0 0 0 Dr If. O. Brown, Knighton 6 0 0 A frit-nd, Cardiff b o 0 Mr John Cory, J.P., Vaindre flail 5 0 0 Eight IlolI. Georjre Osborne Morgan. M.P.500 Mr J. T. Barry, The Walk, Cardiff 5 0 0 De PaTry, Garw Valley 5 3 0 Mr E. K. Moxey, Cardiff „ 2 0 Mr John Griffiths, Porth 2 2 0 Mr Richard Phillips, Queen-street, Cardiff „ 2 2 0 Mr Thomas Lewis, Garthe, Penarth 2 2 0 Mr Robert Davies, Cardiff 2 2 0 Mr Win. Williams, Bronheulog. Aberystwyth 2 2 0 Messrs G. Llewellyn & Sons, Haverfordwest 110 Alderman Lewis, J.P., Cardiif 110 i\lr G. George, Aberdare 1 1 0 Messrs fi. Griffiths and Sons, Newport, Mon. 110 Mr C. M. Williams, Mayor of Aberystwyth.. 1 1 0 Mr John Evans, 19, Hich-street, Cardiff 110 Rev T. liynon Davies, Finsbury Park, London 110 Rev W. M. Thomas, Caerleon 1 1 0 Dr Howel Rees, J.P., Tyrbach 110 Rev W. Evans, M. A., Pembroke Dock 10 0 Rev W. Owen, Solva 1 0 0 iNIr Robert Bird, J.P., Cardiff 1 0 0 Mr Thos. Morgan, Floodgate House, Llan- twit Major 1 0 0 Mr John Morgan, Westbourne-road, Penarth 010 6 A Friend,' Penarth 0 10 6 Mr T. Lewis, Roath „ 0 10 6 Mr John Price, Itaglan-street, Treherbert.,0 10 6 Itev 0. L. Itoberts, Cardiff 0 ld 6 Mr W. fludges. Aberdare 0 10 ó R. W. T 010 b Mr T. Hall-Redwood, M.D., Khyinney 010 0 Mr D. liavies, Canton House, Aberdare. 010 0 Mr Sid II. Hiley, Usk 0 10 0 Mr Joseph Price, Prince of Wales, Beaufort 0 5 U Aberdarian 0 2b Mr Thomas Williams, Llantrisant 0 2 6 Mr John Lewis, Llantrisand 026 LI.ANELLY SUBSCRIPTIONS. Mr William Thomas, J.P « 5 0 0 Mr Gwilym Evans 5 0 0 Mr David Evans b 0 0 Mr Jos. Maybery 330 Alr W. Samuel 2 2 0 a. D 2 2 0 Mr R. L. Sails l 1 0 Mr H. 110 Mr W. Howell 110 Mr J. A Jones, M.D. 110 Mr D. Evans 110 Mr Isaiah Bevan 1 1 0 Churchman 1 1 0 Mr H. R. Thomas 100 A Friend 1 0 0 Mr 15. Samuel 110 b Mr II. Francis 0 10 fa Nlr J. C. 010 b Mr D. Herbert 0 10 0 Mr T. Roberts 0 5 0 Jlr D. C. Parry. 0 5 0 Sympathy 0 b C Mr T. Hughes 0 5 0 ABERAYRON. Mr John Hugh Jone», Aberayron— 0 10 6 Mr John M. Howell, Aberayrou 010 6 Rev W. Evans, Aberayron 0 5 C Itev J. T. Evans, Aberayron 0 5 C A Friend — 0 5 0 Mr E. Lima Jones: Aberayron 0 5 0 Mr J. T. Evans, Bristol House, Aberayron 0 2 6 Mr J. Evans, watchmaker, Aberayron 0 1 0 Total £ 157 15 0 ADDITIONAL SUBSCRIPTIONS. Eq. d. A Farmer's Friend, Docks, Cardiff 3 0 0 Mr Benjamin Lewis, Glanbaiden, Aber- gavenny 2 2 0 Mr Robt. Ward, Sooston, Karborth. 2 0 0 Alderman Thomas Gee, Denbigh 1 0 0 Llethe 0 5 0 A Toiler," Ystradgynlais 0 2 6 A Friend, Ystradgynlais 0 1 0 Mr W. Morgan, Troedyrhiw 0 5 0 Per Mr W. Morgan, Duke-street, Treherbert Alderman W. Morgan, Tynewydd 010 6 Mr Jno. Walters, grocer, Treherbert 0 10 6 Mr W. Jeffreys, Treherbert. 010 6 Mr Dd. Thomas, grocer, Tynewydd 0 2 0 MrDd. Jones, 11, Station-street, Treherbert.. 0 2 0 S163 6 6 SUPPLEMENTAL. £ s. d. Mr n. W. Southey, "Express" Office, Merthyr 2 2 0 Mr Herbert Evans, Cwmavon 1 1 0 Mrs Mary Davies, Towy-villa, Llandilo 1 0 0 Mr Stephen P. Mills, Swansea 1 0 0 Mr D. B. Daviev, Manchester House,Cardigan 0 13 6 Air Thuixias Nlorgaii, C.B., Naiityglo 0 10 0 Rev Thomas Levi, Aberystwyth.. 0 10 6 Mr D. Davies, Aberdare 0 5 0 Mr Rees Evans, Commercial-street, Aberdare 0 5 0 Total £ 17o 12 6
CARDIFF PILOTS AND THE BARRY DOCK COMPANY. MEETING OF THE BARRY PILOTAGE HOARD. THE OBNOXIOUS AGREEMENT UPHELD. INTERVIEW WITH ONE OF THE PILOTS. On Friday afternoon a meeting of the Barry Filotage Board Was held at the office of Messrs Downing and Hancock, solicitors to the board. The following letter from Mr David Davies, secretary to the Cardiff Pilotage Association was resd ;— Sir,—At a meeting held at the Pilotage Offices on September 27tb, of pilots licensed by your board, I was directed to convey to you the following resolution passed by them :—" That the pilots cannot work for the 33 per cent. reduction in the Barry harbour rates below Cardiff harbour rates, but are prepared to receive a reduction from the Nash rates; and further that the pilots object greatly to having to sign a document before they can receive a Barry Dock license." It was decided, we understand, that no notice should be taken of this resolution, and that all pilots who have not up to the present signed the agreement insisted upon by the board should not be eligie to receive a Barry license. It was fur- ther determined that holders of licenses be required to let the board know by Monday next whether they are satisfied or not with the condi- tions on which they have been engaged, and if not, to return their licenses. From enquiries instituted by one of our repre- sentatives among the pilots, it would seem that the whole of their number, with the exception of about 30, have -signed the agreement of which they complain, but it is confidently hoped that they will stand by the resolution they passed last week, doing which, would, of course, involve the return of their licences to the Barry Board. The more experienced of tbe men have from the first resolutely set their faces against the document, aud there can be no question that among this number are several whose opinions and ad- vice have great weight with the re- mainder. Asked by our representative what he thought would be the next step taken by the pilots, one of the men referred to said it was not improbable that next week, when the Seamen's Conference meets at Cardiff, an effort would be made to induce the conference to receive and hear a deputation on the subject. Sailors were deeply concerued in seeing that none but tllorougbly qualified men were engaged as pilots, for on the skill and knowledge of the latter the safety of the ships and the lives of the crews often depended. Now at Barry captains and crews had no guarantee that the man who offered his services as pilot was duly qualified to discharge bis duties. The examination was a mere farce, as so easily passed that the board had now actually in their employ an individual who had been to sea exactly six months, and who for some time back had been working a8bor6. "Sup- pose," he went on to say, a man like that was aboard a ship in the Barry fttiads, and she broke adrift in a gale, what would become of her and the crew V Was that a contingency at all likely to arise ? queried our representative, and straight- way the ether narrated an incident that occurred during the great gale of about two years ago,when the Welsh coast was covered with the wrecks of so many fine vessels that had sailed from Cardiff. At night, in the very height of the gale, a vessel in Penarth Roads parted from her anchor, and was in imminent peril of going ashore and becom- ing a total wreck. Fortunately, there was a Cardiff pilot aboard at the time waiting to dock the vessel, and, thanks to his skill and knowledge of the hidden dangers of the channel, he was able to ruu for Newport and get her safely moored in the river. Imagine a man in charge, whose experience at sea had been limited to a voyaga of six months, aud unacquainted with tho channel. What was the value of the vessel and the livea of those ou board ? This was an aspect of the affair on which sailors would probably like to have their say, and he should be disappointed if they did not get a chance in the course of the coming week. Then there was the agreement. At the meeting of the Barry Board that day, the minutes of the last meeting were read, and it was made to appear therein that the agreement had been drawn up aud adopted at the meeting (i.e., the last meeting). Now, both the pilots' representatives on tbe board were present at that particular, meeting, and they asserted that no document of the kind was drawn up or ever mentioned. Was that fair, square, and above board? He thought not. "I wish, sir," he said in; conclusion, "you would publish a copy of the agreement. Here is one for you. All we want is fair play, and I will make bold to say that when the public read that precious instrument of tyranny invented by a lot of capitalists to bind aud fetter a hard-working class of men, they will be on our side." Our representative accepting th9 proferred copy, agread to publish ft, and hera it is :— TO THE BARRY PILOTAGE BOARD. I. ot in the county of do hereby apply for a pilot's licence to act as pilot to vessels destined for or departing from tbtj Barry Dock, within the waters oÎ the Bristol Channel eastward of Lundy Island (or within the waters com- prised within an illlaglllary line drawn from Breaksea Point to Breaksea Lightship, thence in an easterly direction to tUe Flat Holm, and thence in a north- westerly direCtlOn to Lavernock Point), and I hereby undertaku to i:ol11orw to th" bye-laws and resolutions fur tue tilU beiu of the Barry Pilotage Board, and agree that in default of so doing the licence shall. become absolutely void. And I further bereby epress my satisfaction with the rates fixed by the board, viz., two-thirds of the Cardiff Port Pilotage and JVash Stage rates and I undertake, if the licenco be granted to me, cheeliully tu work lOr 3uch rates, and not to favour or join any agitation for an increase of the rates without the Written permission of the board, and that auy licence granted to me shall be held by me only so long as I may confolm bOLh to tile letter and spirit of this obligation, Aa witness my hand this day 16
LOCAL PATENTS. The following patent record to October 2nd is supplied by Mr N. Watts, offices for Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks Registration, 31, Queen-street, Cardiff; ;)0, High-street, Newport and 6, Salubrious-place, Swansea :—Applications for patentti—Frederick G. Bartlett, Bristol, an improved cooking range and boiler Thomas M. Joseph, Swansea, a spring clip to fasten the neck- tie to tho collar in sucu a manner as to prevent the former slipping; Robert Jakeman, Lassington, method of securing the spokes of a wheel in the hub or boss Edward Rawson and Chas. Simons, Cardiff, autiseptic and aseptic vent pegs and spigots; Thos. Price, Swansea, improvements in appliances for' mixing grain and other substances Charles E. Basevi, Cheltenham, improvements in steam engines; Heury Bottomley, Trowbridge, improvements in the bandIes of velocipedes. In- ventions provisionally protected-Benjamin Pitt, Bristol, an improved ball puzzie; Oliver G. Prigg, Newport, an improved bench seat; Thos. A. Pearce, Bath, method of attaching horse-shoes without naiis; James Berry, improvements in pocket knives; Thomas Griffiths, St. David's, apparatus for serial navigation; Hiram Jones, Llansamlet, improvements in blast furnaces Hyam Nathan, an improved darning machine. Application to register trade mark—D. Anthony, Cardiff, class 3,
THE DUKE AND HIS DECEASED WIFE'S SISTER. The Dowager Duchess of Beaufort bad lived for many years in complete retirement, and her death will make no difference in the outward aspect of society. But in earlier life she played an important part in a transaction which had far- reaching consequences. The late Duke of Beaufort married two sisters, of whom the lady now deceased was the second. They were only half- sisteis, being the daughters of one mother- Lady Anne Wellesley—by her successive mar- riages with the Hon. Henry Fitzroy and Mr Culling Smith but still a grave question asose as to the right of the present Duke of Beaufort, who was the issue of his father's second marriage, to succeed to the dukedom. For the old ecclesiastical iaw then prevailing made marriage with a deceased wife's sister, though not void, voidable by process in the spiritual courts, and the late Lord Granville Somerset, uncle of the present duke, might have established his right to succeed his brother as Duke of Beaufort, to the oxclusion of the issue of his brother's second marriage. In view, however, of the doubt whether the same principle applied to half-sisters as to whole sisters, and with the desire to avoid a great disturbance in the family, Lord Granville Somerset and his sons waived their claim*, and the present duke succeeded in due course. The act making marriage with a deceased wife's sister definitely illegal was passed immediately after- wards, and the present Duke of Beaufort, mindful of the circumstances of his OWn parentage, has always been among the foremost advocates for its repeal.
PENARTH LIBERAL ASSOCIATION. A special and important meeting of tha above association was held on Friday evening, Mr Thomas Lewis, in tbe absence of Mr J. P. Thompson, J.P., president of the association, presided over a representative meeting.—A letter was read from Mr Paterson, bon. sec. to the association, resigniAsr bis office, owing to bis leaving the town. A vote of thanks was accorded to Mr Paterson for his past services. Mr W. T. Lee was unanimously elected as bis successor. Mr Lee, in accepting the appointment, gave a short address on the reorganisation of the associa- tion, which, he said', needed to be placed on a new and popular basis. Subsequently, he was asked to present a draft scheme tor the entire reorgani- sation of the whole polling district.—It was re- solved that Mr Arthur J. Williams, M.P., should be invited to attend a Liberal conference, to be held at an early date in Penartb, to consider Mr Lee's draft scheme, and also to re-consider the whole question of organisation,
NEW WORK OF STEPNIAK, A new work from the pen of tepniak, the well-, known Russian political refugee, will be published in a few days. He,considers that be has written enough for the present of a serious character, and. his latest effort is to take the lighter form of a novel dealing with ttw life of a Russian Nihilist. Stepniak shortly proposes to vary the monotony I of his exile by a visit to America. His friend Prince Krapotkine is also engaged on a work which is to appear shortly.
BASSIVETTKS AND BEDSTEADS.—PerkinsBros, and Co., Ironmongers, St Mary-atreet, Cardiff. 6816 CLKARANCK SALE of Bedsteads and Bedding, Fenders and Fireirons. See our 6s lid bed, bolster and two pilaws 601bs of flock,— Perkini l>ros. and Co., 53, St. Mary-street, Cardiif. 65t7
DEAN FOREST MINERS AND THEIR WAGES. DECISION OF THE MEN. SOUTH WALES MINERS INDICTED. A meeting of steam coal miners was held on Thursday evening at the Travellers' Rest Inn, New-road, Furnace Bottom, Blakeuey, Mr John Watkins presiding. — Mr G. H. Rawiinson, miners' agent, said immediately after the steam coal men sent in their notices, asking employers to grant an immediate advance of 10 per cent. upon their wages, it was decided to have a con- ference of masters at the Speech House Hotel. He was invited to be present, and he took with him the chairman of the Miners' Union, Mr John Macevoy. The masters declined to accede to the men's demand, but they offered to give them a 5 per cent, advance from the beginning of November —ultimately the most ,he could do—and it was finally left at that, which was that the masters consented to give the 5 per cent. from the 14th of that month. He could not accept or reject the offer made, but pointed out the greatly improved state of the steam coal trade, when the masters replied that, although they put up prices Is per ton in July, only Ó-l per tou was really obtained, and the men theu hau g pdr ceut. advance. The employers contended that they had raised the men's wages bJ, in some places 9J, and in others 1, a week, not, by a system of percentage, but by simple standard improvement, and had made con- cessions aa regards timbering, which had lifted the men's position to the level ot the house coal men. They could not give the full 10 par ceue. advance noW because, although prices might be put up la per ton, the actual state of trade was such that they could not expect to maintain more than hall the sum. He (theagent) knowing nothing as to the advances WUICU waoterli contended tney had given, could say uothing against it, buo he wished the men would be frank, and let him know the exact state of affairs, so that he might know where he stood. Ic was im- portant to have clear ground,especially indelicate negociations of that sort. That, he said, was how matters stood, and ho promised the masters to say su Monday next, when the notices expired, whether the men would accept the employers' terms. It was now for the men to consider the situation, and not take a leap in the dark. He had since discovered that not more than half the steam coal men were union men, ond the council of the association had determllled if a strike ensued, that they ought not, aud should not, support uon-uniou meu. What then, be asked, was to be done ? It was impossiblyJto obtainoutaidejhelptosustaiu the families of uou-uuiouist mou while the strike lasted. Again, a difficulty had arisen in conse- queuce of tue men at uue colliery haviug omitted to send in the notices on the proper day, aud at another works coal was beiug got by contract, aud, if they ceased work there, the owners would come upon the men for damages. Ho counselled them to proceed with great caution. It was not iu him to advise a course fraught, as it was, with so many stumbling-blocks, which might lead to misery and wane on the part of the wives and families of uou-uuiouist men. There was the weak point. If the men were all in tbe associa: tion, they could stand to their notices, and if masters resisted them the association fuuds would back them up, and he had no doubt as to the hnai triumph. Wellington bad said that it was better to retreat than invite actual defeat, aud that was his (the agent's) advice now. It was the men's own fault, and they may de- pend upon it, masters kuew well enough how strong or bow weak the association was. If the steam coal men were as strong for uuiou as the house coal men, there would have been no need for retreat, and it they decided to try oonclusions with the masters be felt they would lose the tight, because some collieries would be going all thi time and besides, before long, men who were not in the union would be compelled by force of circumstances to go to work at the masters' terms. He had put the case in that way before most of the men in the other districts, and the decision they had come to was as follows :— They would take the 5 per cent, if the masters would give it on the 7cb, which was a week earlier than they proposed, and they further asked that if coals were put up Is per ton, that within a month from that date au endeavour should be made to fix a basis of prices and wages, with the hope in view that another five per cent would be given them. He bad tried and failed to discover what the prices of steam coal were before wages advanced at all, and until the matter could be settled and a basis arranged; on the sliding-scale system, the relations could uot be hoped to 1.)(\ altogether satisfactory. That was a task which they must themselves undertake aud work out. Masters contended that the men were only entitled to 21 per cent. advance to the Is per ton on the steam coal, but he failed to see why that should be ilO, wheu the house coal men five per cent, for every Is advance. Referring to the settlement of the house coal men's demand, he said they were 20 per ceut. better off thau tbey ware two seasons ago. He felt that was something to be thankful for, and it was the fruit of their .uuionistic labour, for with- out it they would not have triumphed. Let them now rest awhile, and hold on fast to what they had got, without crying ous for more. They could most of them remember the fatal error of 1872, 1373, and 1874, when men did not know when to stop. In Staffordshire the men were getting 63 4d a day, which placed them on a level with tha rate paid in 1875, which was getting back quietly to the old rate; and in other districts the improvement was correspondingly satisfactory. He thought they were obliged to the National Conference committee to some extent for this. He regretted that the national movement was not so much of a success as it might have been, in consequence of the regrettable actiou of the men of South Wales, He had watched the tactics pursued there, and did not think it redounded to the credit of Welshmen. Instead ot foliowiug in the wake, he contended that a young district like South Wales should lead, and be in the forefront when "peo- posals for bettering colliers' wages were involved. Latterly, however, the South Wales leaders seemed to wait, and then when pother districts had made a start their neighbours just did that which suited their own consciences. He con- demned their couduct, and thought they ought all to go together, because were it not for the rest of the mimug population the position of the Welsh miners would not have been so fortunate as they now were.—After some discussion, in which it was elicited that the men had only received one 5 per cent. advance in all, a resolution was carried agreeing to accept the same terms tbat tbe agent said the miners in other districts had re- solved upon.
SOUTH WALES ENGINEMEN'S ASSOCIATION. The quarterly meeting of the Monmouthshire and South Wales Engiuemen, Stokers, and Out- side Fitters' Association was held at the Victoria Hotel, Pontypridd. Mr Whitcombe, the agent, occupied the chair, and the president of the Rhondda branch the vice-chair.—The Chairman addressed the meeting at some length, and re- viewed the work done by the association. He touched briefly on the nine and eight hours' systems of work, raising of the standard wage, representation on the sliding-scale, and the need ot certificates to men in charge of steam- engines and boilers (on land). On each of these matters strong resolutions were passed, after full discussion. The report tor the quarter was then read, and unanimously adopted. — The case of the hauling engine-men at Wernddu Colliery, Caerphilly, was brought forward, and a resolution unanimously carried to the following effect:—"That we, as au association, assist the men financially and morally, and that we pledge ourselves to use everylegimate means to have the dispute settled on terms not detrimental to tbe interests of our association." After adjournment for luncheon, it was reported to the meeting that the eight hours had not yet been granted at the Maritime Colliery, Pontypridd, and the Inter- natiomd Colliery, Gawr Valley. These cases were ordered to be pressed forward. After a hearty vote of thanks to the chairman, a most successful meeting was brought to a close.
STOPPAGE OF THE VERNON TINWORKS. The above works ceased operations completely on Friday. Most of the men have beeu out on strike since Monday, owing to the doctor's ques- tion and other rules that were enforced upon tbeiak which they considered to be of a coercive character. On Thursday night the manager aud the few men still working were hooted by a large crowd of the inhabitants on the way from the works,
GRIEVANCES OF SCOTCH BAKERS. At a^large meeting of Fifeshire bakers held at Dunfermline last night, it was unanimously agreed to hand in notices to tbe employers to finish contracts and strike on the 12th inst. Only two employers have so far agreed to the 55 hours a week, and the abolition of the early rising system as demanded by the men,
STRIKE AT HAWICK. The Hawick dyers' labourers' strike at Hawick still continues. The framework knitters bave voted £100 to the dyers' strike fund.
CARDIFF FREE LIBRARY. TO THE KDITOE. SIR,—Allow me to call attention through the medium of your columns to the systematic exclu- sion of the Freeman's Jouaial from the tree library. From the tattered sheet doing service for this journal in the room on Saturday last and preceding days it appeared that no issue had been placed there since ISth Septamber, whilst the Itish, Times, occupying a premier position on the stauus, had a fresh issue placed every morning before the reatters. A contest was taking place then in your midst, which naturally gives rise to a ques- tion. Had this shelving of the Freeman, with its faithful pictures of persecution iu Ireland, and tba daily display of the Tory Irish Times, with its lies and pervers.olls, anything to do with influencing the result of that contest 1 To the Press we leok for: our political education, and as Ireland is the subject at present in discussion, it ia not unreasonable to believe that the excluding or shelving during an election of a loading organ with prOuounced views on the question at issue must largely mjure the cause it supports. Hi However, no Freeman ap- peared to enlighten wavering voters as to Tory doings across tbe water, and unexpectedly the Tory here was successful. To-day, after three appearances, it is again shelved. Possibly the librarian acting on the authority of someone- perhaps a virtuous Primrose dame—consigned it to oblivion, because its history of Ireland for a day was too true, or its articles too strong iu the cause of justice, which would surely, if read, dispel the mists of misrepresentation through which the people of Cardiff are asked to view that unfortunate country. Why so flagrant a breach of the library rules is allowed I cannot under- stand.—I am, &c., T. MURPHY. Duowreath House, Park-terrace, Riverside, October 4th, 1839.
SALVATION ARMY AND THE STRIKE. TO THE EDITOR. KIR,—Iu view of the fact that many of your readers were good enough to entrust us with a considerable sum of money to assist in providing food for the dockers and their families during the recent strike, I shall be glad if you will allow me to mention in your columns that the total sent between August 27 aud September 26 was JB628 2s 91, which enabled us to supply 190,945 meals at half cost aud 13,205 meals free, at a total out- lay of J6592 4s 51, leaviug a balance iu our bands I of £35 18-s 4d. Seveu days after the conclusion of the strike we resumed our former charges, being as anxious as ever to do nothing in connec- tion with our food and shelter work which can be avoided -in the way of charity. But, just as after a serious illqass there generally follows a period of convalescence for which special provision must be made, or the patient's last con- dition will be woree than the first, so we find that the strike has resulted in a state of utter destitu tion in hundreds of homes, which is aa impossible to describe as it is appalling to witness. For the benefit, therefore, of some of these families, whose condition is rendered all tbe more terrible by the rapidly-approachinv winter weather, it is abso- lutely necessary to give some assistance in the direction of enabling them to replace the clothes, bedding, c., pawned during the five weeks of the strike, or to obtain at prices within their reach such articles as may be positively necessary to health and decency. Our slum and rescue officers sometimes sell left-off clothing at prices such aa the poorest can afford, and we desire to do this on a larger scale during the present emer- gency, and to the full extent put within our power, by the gifts of those who sympathize with the poor wives and children, who have been by far the greatest sufferers in this great battle. Our people all over the world are observing this week as one cf special thanksgiving and self-denial, with a 'view to helping others, both in this and other lands, in an extraordinary way, but their gifts will not suffice for this emergency unless supple- mented by others outside our ranks. There must be many of your readers who by a little contriv- ance could gather together old clothing, disused bedding, bed linen, pieces of cloth and other materials which have gone out of fashion, or for some reason have never been made up, or even household furniture of a simple kind, which would be simply invaluable. These may be sent (carriage paid) to Mrs Bramwell Booth, 259, Mare-street, Hackney, N.E. Contributions in money may be sent, as heretofore, to tbe secretary at this address.—I am, &c., W. BRAMWELL BOOTH. The Salvation Army, 101, Queen Victoria-street, London, E.C. 3rd October, 18S9.
MR WHITMELL A'F THE CONGRESS. TO THE EDITOR. SIB,—Will you allow me to pase a vote of censure upon, and also a vote of thanks to, Mr Whitmell, H.M.I. ? A vote of censure upon him for occupying a platform at the Church Congress when the question of education was discussed. At Birmingham, when the National Union of Elementary Teachers met, the body of inspectors within easy reach refused to give their presence, but here we have an inspector on a platform other than Governmental, treating upon a controversial subject. It is not the nature of the gentleman's views that is condemned; it is the act of speaking at a meet- ing whose interests and aims are not national in nation's acceptation of the term. Let thanks be accorded him for his words:—"Children behaved best in schools where the teachers lived noble lives." They may not, perhaps, deal a deathblow to dogmatic teaching, but they are true and well calculated to cause to stagger those who find no good thing coming out from NuZareth (board and British schools).—Yours, &c., G. Oct. 3rd.
THE MOUNTAIN ASH WORKMEN. TO THE EDITOR. SIR,—Twelve mouths ago we asked our em- plovers (Messrs Nixon and Co.) to help us to open a large store at Mountain Ash. The company promised to assist us in eveiy way they could, and offered us a piece of land for the purpose; but owing to the illness of the late Colonel Gray the movement was allowed to drop. I think the time has coma to make another start) and hope my fellow workmen will Uketbe matter up at once and decide on making another beginning.—I am, &c., DAVID JONES, collier, 26, Woodland-street, Mountain Ash. Oct. 3,1889.
ABOUT THE TITHE. TO THE EDITOR. SIR,—Knowing that your motto is a««ft ulleram partemI venture to pen a few words in answer to your correspondent Lex in your issue of Thursday last, who at the outset I must confess must be entirely ignorant of facts, or that he wrote the letter with the intention of mis- leading your numerous readers. Unwarranted facts and barefaced assertions on this all-absorbiug Welsh topic should be repudiated by Church- men and Nonconformists alike tor the uk cf right aud equity, Lex scorns the idea that tithe is a just debt, but keeps clear of even attempting to-show its unfairness, coolly remark. ing that justice amply justities refusal to pay. On what grounds can it be 801 If the landowner inherits the land subject to tithes, it came to him on that condition and subject to that payment; and no doubt in the first instance, at least, he was very glad to possess it on these terms, and did not too nanowly scrutinise or criticise the liberality of his ancestors in originally charging it with that payment. If the landowners bought) the land subject to tithes he got it so much cheaper on that acconnt. In fact, in estimating the amount of its value a round sum in lieu of the charges upun it was deducted from the price it weuld otherwise have fetched bad it beeu tithe free; so that really nobody is injured by the pay- ment of tithes. Space will not allow me to enter minutely into the wide question. I must pass 00 to the next point in bis letter, II that the Church was created by Acts of Parliament." "Ears hawo they, but they hear not; eyes they have, but perceive not," and cannot "Lex and ali who believe this theory which he propounded be thus classified ? A perusal of history in a fair and unbiassed manner would be sufficient to show your correspondent the calumny of his remarks concerning the creation of the Church, viz., that it was created by Acts of Parliament. ÜLJ, exhibition of iguoranceon a large scale How could the Church have been created by the State when it had existed for centuries before Parlia- ment ever existed t Has not "Lex beard of the old Welsh saints, SS. David, Teilo, L>yfr.g, &c., etc. Has ho ever read of the opposition given at the lauding of the papal missionary I Auustine 1 Does he not know that it was an Archbishop of* Canterbury who first summoned what came to be known as a Parliument ?If not, let me advise him tQ read auy standard author on English history. As "Lex" seems to be a believer in the theory that the Church was created by Acts of Parlia- ment, can he tell me in what reign that was done. and the name of the statute, chapter, and section the Church was so created? The phrase often quoted as answer to this question, bylaw estab- lished, cannot at all help him, for that phrase is only applicable to her constitution, doctrine, liturgy, and various offices when drawn up and agreed to by her representatives, and received the sanction of the State. Perhaps "Lex" will be able to clear up what seems a mystery to me 011 the point. Ooe more point, and I shall conclude. That tithes might probably have been originally charged with one-fourth payment to the support of the poor rr<i? no.t d'sPute' But what are the facts ? .the Ohurch has been robbed from time to time of the greater portion of her wealth. That which was formerly burdened with a charge for the relief of the poor she no longer retains, or retains m the most limited degree. A large portion of our parishes have on their face tbe sure sign and indelible mark of spoliation and alienation of property to other than the purpose to which it was originally devoted. A writer iu the "British Critic and Theological Review" truly says :—It is a mere pretence that benefices were endowed for the support of the poor they Jwere endowed for the support of the clergy in return for the spiritual benefits con- ferred on their respective parishes. The neces- sitous poor of the country were, before the Reformation, supported entirely by voluntary contributions. These contributions came, indeed, from tbe clergy, but then they came from the clergy of rich monasteries and other religious houses, possessing property which has been estimated at one-third of the whole property in this kingdom. This immense property was taken from the Church and transferred to the laity. Then it was that the poor began to fsel the want of that support which they had derived from the religious houses. The voluntary contributions of those religious houses having ceased, and the new proprietors ot the estates which had belonged to them having declined to follow their benevolent example, it became ueoessary in the reign of Eliaibeth to introduce compulsory contribution under the name of poor rates, and to these contributions the clergy now pay their ample share.—1 am, &e., Jir P.RHYS, Ystrad Meurig School, Oct. 3rd, 1889.
A PHOTOGRAPHIC ROMANCE* A highly romantic incident occurred a few daya ago at Huber's, the well-known Vienna photo- grapher. An elderly gentleman, apparently a foreigner, went to have his portrait taken, but as he had to wait a few minutes for the usual pre- parations, an album of specimen photographs walt handed to him. All at once the employes in the next room beard a shriek, and hurrying to the salon where the stranger was waiting, they found him lying senseless on the floor. YVnen he came to himself he explained that the album at which he bad been looking contained a photograph which he was convinced was that of his daughter, whom he bad not seen for twenty-one years. The features were so like those of his wife that be could not be mis- taken. He said that unfortunate circumstances had compelled him to leave her 21 years ago at a time when bis daughter was only three years of age. He had maae every effort to find out the whereabouts ot his family a few years later, but bad not beeo abie to .discover a01 trace of them. He had long since acquired the conviction that they where both dead. The photographer told him that the portrait in question was that of a teacher of the pianoforte res,ding in Vienna, giving her name and address. It was arranged that the stranger, Herr I-, of New York, should call on her the next day, anL1 that in tho meantime she shouid be warned of his intended visit. The lady turned out to be his daughter, and has already left Vienna with her father for the United States. He is a wealthy speculator, and the poor music-mistress has sud- denly tound herself heiress te a fortune of several millions of dollars. Herr M prior to his departure presented Herr Huber with a splendid diamond breastpin.
DEATH OF THE TORPEDO KING. A conspicuous career has been closed by the recent death, at Titusville, Pennsylvania, of Dr W. B. Roberts, known as the Torpedo King' of tbe oil country. The strange industry which be and bis brother, Colonel A. E. Roberts, built up was peculiar only to the oil regions of Pennsyl- vania. Dr Roberts went to the oil country in the early days of the petroleum excitement, and he and his brother soon obtained a patent for a sys- tem of exploding nitro glycerine at the bottom of oil wells to increase their fl >w. The apparatus was extremely sirnple, but it proved one of the most valuable inventions of the age. A tube made of tin to bold the explosive was supplied with a cap for exploding the substance. This way lowered into the well Ly means of a cord, aDt when at the desired depth a small iron weib:, called a go devil," was dropped down along j)8 cord, and this striking the tube containing nitro-glycerine, an explosion followed, shatte>ng the oil-bearing rock, the result in nearly everj^asa being an increase in tbe yield of the weil The demand for these torpedoes was enormous, ber8 were from 15,000 to 25,000 wells in the regie", and nearly all of them were torpedoed at l'egar in- tervals. The two brothers got thoir own pe, and their fortunes were rapidly made. It is tifllQated that they acquired from 2,COO,000 to 4,000,000 dols. each. Every oil product had to pay tribute to them, aud finally the o interest endeavoured to break the monopoly bj^tacking the validity of the patent. But tbPatenteea wer* ultimately successful in maintain? their exclusive right to manufacture and us"he torpedo for 17 years, tbe life of the patent.
THE NEW SAVOY ORA. Directly the Leeds Festival over Sir A. Sullivan will proceed with the c^Posf-ion of his new Savoy opera. He is a.lre3Y well on the way with the second act, and it expected that the score will be completed in t Ie for the pro* duction to take place by the eU4 Worfmbet* A
A STRIKE TERMINATED. The strike at Bedford Colliery, Mold, has terminated, the men returning to work on the masters' terms. The owners of Bellisfield Colliery have granted the colliers an increase of 5 per cent.
MR MONRO AND THE LONDON STRIKE. On Thursday night Mr Munro, the Chief Com- missioner, visited the chief police-station of the K division in the West Iudia Dock-road, London, where all the inspectors who had been on duty in the district during the recent strike were assembled. Mr Munro warmly thanked the officers for their exertions and the tact shown during the dispute, which, he said, had probably averted a riot. He felt sure the public recognized, to the fullest their smart conduct. Supt. Steed, .acknowledged the Commissioner's remarks.
FATAL DISPUTE AT A FOOTBALL MATCH. The Kidderminster magistrates have -remanded a youth, named (Spilsbury on a charge "of causing the death of Josiah Randall. The prisoner and others were playing football on Thursday, and during a dispute Spilsbury knocked Randall insensible with a brick, and he died.this yesterday froraiwture of tbe skull.
THE BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH AND DISSENTING CHAPELS. TO THK EDITOR. SIItt-This great champion of the Church of England, who has been talking so much about re-union, is now engaged in making tbe breach far wider than it ever was. In one of his speeches at the Church Congress on the 3rd inst., be greatly amused his audience with certain statements respecting a chapel with which I am closely connected, Some of these were incorrect, and, however strange it may appear to you, sir, I must add that the bishop knew them—at least, had the means of knowing them—to be incorrect. Will he produce the report which be says he received from a certain M.P., and in which it is stated that the debt was actually £7,000" ? Did not the report mention that the total cost of buildings was £15,000, and not £13,000 ? The bishop knew this, but, in order to make the case as black as he could, he preferred the lower figure. Was not the bishop informed a short time ago that the debt waa not £ 7,000? Ye, he was informed of this, and yet ia his speech at Cardiff he had the audacity to say our present debt was actually £ 7,000." Ho said he had procured the chapel accounts," aud that he found the debt to be actually £ 7,000." Where are these accounts Out with them. Let the world see them. No, be cannot produce them. I defy him to do so. This is a fine example of fair play—a noble specimen of Christian charity and brotherly love 1 This is, it appears, the way to defend the establishment, and the great defender himself is a Christian minister, and a bishop ? What will the rank and file shrink from when the leaders are so unfair, so rash, so reck- less ? The bishop adds, in a cruelly insinuating tone, that they had been told" that this chapel was built by voluntary contribu- tions." My answer to the bishop's sneering remark i., that what was "told" him was absolutely correct. But the bishop would very much like to adl if it was not true that a con- tribution was levied upon the workmen in the district, and in whose name the sum so raised figured in the subscription list." I answer these questions by saying that no "contribution was levied upon the workmen of the district," and that every sum contributed figured in the sub- scription list" in the contributor's owu name, aud not in the name of any other person. May God forgive such low gossip-mongering in a dignitary of tho Church of England If the bishop adheres to his statement, I call for chapter and verse. The bishop again added that "he might multiply instances of similar mis-statements. (Cries of "Go on.") It really was a serious matter. As Welsh Churchmen, they wanted the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth." If the bishop wants tho truth,' let him also give the truth since it is iu his poses- sion. But he has not given it although he had it. Yes, Heaven knows this is a serious, a very serious matter. Why did not the bishop multiply instances" 1 He had two, of which I am aware. Why did he not mention those? They were splendid instances of what the voluntary principle can do. The two chapels bad cost about £15,000 (I write from memory), and there remains less debt on both. Why did not the bishop" KO on" and mention these instances.' His memory could not have failed him. It was only in June last that be received the information and acknowledged it. Why did he not go on ? Did he really wish to give his audience the whole truth? If he did, why did he suppress this portion of the information, with which he had been supplied. Was it because it revealed what the voluntary principle is doing for the mainten- ance of religion in Wales? If that was the reason, then "truth" at the congress was on the look-out for an advocate. If not, why did not the bishop mention the three cases which were reported to him last June? And are there not hundreds of similar cases to be bad in Wales ? Yes and the bishop knows too much to be igno- rant of it. What a pity it is that, being so deeply anxious for the whole truth," he did not reveal this to his English hearers on Thursday, many of whom I daresay knew but very little ot the religious work and wants of Wales. But then he has had his say, and I am sorry for him. I am sorry to find a gentleman, a scholar, a Christian minister, a bishop of the Church of England con- descending to defend his Church by libelling his Nonconformist neighbours, and by retailing, even to a meeting of the Church Congress, gossip and inaccuracies.—I am, &c., W. EMLYN JONES. Morriston, 4th Oct., 18S9.
MOUNTAIN ASH QOUNTY COUNCIL ELECTION. TO THE EDITOR. SiH,—Oa behalf of the members of the Moun- tain Ash branch of the Irish National League, I wish to say that the statement made by Mr D. Daly, financial secretary of the branch, at the public meeting held at the Drill-hall October 2nd, was made altogether upon bis own responsibility, and that ha made the statement without the authority or sanction of the members of the branch. I also wish to correct the report which appeared jn a local paper of last week of the meeting of the above branch, and which report contains a resolution pledging the members to return Mr J. W. Jones. This part of the report is without any foundation, as there was no men- tion made of any such resolution during the meeting. Thanking you in anticipation for the insertion of this, I am., &c.. JAMES DEASY, Corresponding Secretary Mountain Ash O'Connell Branch Irish National League.
THE ATHERTON MURDER, With reference to a statement that a man now confined in Strangeways Gaol, Manchester, is suspected of the recent murder of a pawnbroker's assistant at Atherton, and that he had pawned a watch missing from the Atherton shop, inquiries made in Mauchester show that, whilst some traces of tbe murderer's movements bave been obtained by the police, the prisoner in Strango- ways Gaol is not the man wanted. About one o clock in the afternoon of the day of the murder an English lever watch, numbered 54,410, and bearing the words, "Rudd, Atherton aud Faru- worth," was pledged with Mr Percy, pawnbroker, Deausgate, Manchester, by a man who gave the name of Frederick Smith, 16, Clarence-street, Manchester. A description of this man was fur- nished to the police, and inquiries were made at the address given, but he could not be found. 011 the following day a gold watch, numbered 81,782, was pledged at Liverpool, this being part of the stolen property from Atherton. The police obtained a description of the person who had pledged it. The description corresponded exactly with that of the man who had pledged the watch in Manchester. The assistant of Mr Percy, who received the silver watch in pawn, has seen tha man in Strangeways Gaol to whom suspicion was directed, but he is absolutely certain that be ia not the man who pledged the watch.
MEETING OF SOUTH WALES LIBERAL FEDERATION. DEFENCE OF FARMERS TO BE UNDERTAKEN. At a meeting of the executive committes of tha South Wales Liberal Federation, hold on Friday morning, Mr Thomas Williams, J.P,, Gwaelody- garth, presided. Letters expressing regret at in- ability to be present were read from Mr 3. Evans Williams (Rhayader) and Mr, Thomas Morgan (Nantyglo). PLACE Of ASSUAL MESTINS. Mr W. H. BROWN, secretary of the Newport Liberal Association, laid before the committee an invitation from that body that the federation would hold its annual meeting, which Sir William Harcourt has promised to attend, in Newport. The CHAIRMAN, in reply, stated that similar invitations had been received from other places, and that the matter would be placed on the agenda of the next executive committee, and the invitations duly considered. AJTILIATION OF LOCAL SOCIETIES. Mr W. T. Lee, financial secretary, reported that since the last executive meeting at Bridgend, the Neath Liberal Club and the Cadoxton and Barry District Liberal Association had affiliated with the federation, and that the Lampater Liberal Ciub had decided to affiliate. THE TITHE DISTRAINTS. Much discusgioa took plac3 as to the method of procedure which should be adopted in render- ing aid to the farmers suffering under the dis- traints made upon them for tithe. Ultimately the following gentlemen were appointed a sub- committee to select and recommend to the executive such cases as they might consider should be fought or otherwise aided by the federation Dr Enoch Davies, Llandyssul Mr J. W.Jones, Carmarthen Mr Bailhache, Newport the Rev W. Thomas, Whitland and Mr F. Edwards, Aberdare. The committee were left to appoint a secretary and chairman out of their own number, and will report to the executive. A total sum of £ 183 has been subscribed to the tithe fund up to date, and it was mentioned that a number of subscriptions had to come in from Carmarthenshire. WKLsn X,P.'s AND WELSH PU-LTC OPINION. It was suggested that the Welsh members of Parliament should be invited to meet together and discuss the tithe question prior to the meet- of the National Council at Carnarvon on the 17th. On account of the short space of time intervening, this was considered to be impracticable but strong expression was given to very decided opinion that some, at least, of the M.P.'s needed bringing into line with public opinion, that the people were far in front of the members, and that pressure must be exercised to rouse those members to greater activity and interest in the anti-tithe movement. A resolution was agreed to that a communica- tion should be sent to the members of Parliament informing them that the tithe question would come on for discussion at Carnarvon, and urgently requesting them, because of the great importance of the subject at the present juncture, to attend that meeting. THE ANNUAL 1IKBTING OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL. This takes place at Carnarvon on the 17ch instant, and Sir W. Harcourt will address the public meeting. Resolutions will be submitted Upon disestablishment, the tithe, education, and the proposed establishment of a Roman Catholic Un ivernity. The following draft resolution, which the Rev T. G. Wtioldon, B.A., Ffestiuiog, proposed to bring forward at the National Council meeting at Carnarvon, was submitted to the meeting:— That this council is convinced that the time has come to extend the school board system over the whole country, and that there should be one school at least of an undenominational character in each school district, and accessible to the children of such district. While acknowledging the right of every section of the community to provide aud support schools of their own, yet we consider that all schools receiving public aid should be under public control. That we look with mistrust upon the withdrawal of the code nrcaented to the last Parliament, on the ground that it would be more beneflcial to education centrally than to any denomination or sect. This council is also of the opiniou that some adequate scheme of continuation schools should be provided, and the work entrusted to our school boards. This council welcomes the advance made by the passing of the Technical Jfiducatiou Bill, but are of opinion that the carrying out of its provisions should have been entrusted to thCt school boards where they exist, as being representative bodies. We also rejoice greatly that an Intermediate Education Bill for Wales has passed, and urge all our counties to avail themselves of its provisions yet we deplore its shortcomings, and cannot rest until these blemishes be removed by future legislation. The meeting agreed to give its sanction for the submission of the resolutiouland the proceedings then closed.
methods best calculated to modernize the Gospe-, I and m:\k9 ib a part of popular life." At the meeting I have referred to, Canon Shuttlewortb did for c, moment touch the fringe of the thick curtain which now shuts out spirituality from the ken of large masses of men in the world of to-day. He endeavoured to discover the leanings of the working-classes by an examination of their favourite literature, and admitted the existence of an active, aggressive, and able body of atheists in their midst. Little winder that this is so. Little wonder that men should turn to untrammelled inquiry into the minea of science when they are repelled from an intuitive religion by meaning- less phrases and unreasonable demands upon credulity. The parent tree, which is still sound at heart, and capable of blossoming forth in a profusion that will shelter all civiliied humanity, should be cleared of the tangled mass of under- growth which conceals it from the careless gaze of the passing wanderer. True, it is difficult to say where the pruning book must first be applied, and he will be a bold woodsman who will make ■4he first cut. Nonconformity has already cleared a way for itself, but tho path is to many too intricate, and they prefer the easier read of indiiferentism. But that the vineyard is only waiting for labourers is ap- parent on every band. Individual and collective efforts have been forthcoming in abundance, but up to the present no religious French Revolution baa taken place. Let me instance the marvellous success which has attended the propagandism of tho Salvation Army among the lower orders. The doctrine of atonement, preached in unpleasantly straightforward language, and emblazoned in lurid colours, brought hearers and be- lievers out of the courts and alleys, the slums and bye-ways of our towns. To a large section of the people the flags and drums and clanging cymbals were a travesty of religion and a burlesque of great truths which almost led them to disbelieve in what they had previously held most sacred. But the move- ment succeeded. It played down to a sufficiently low level to catch the sympathies of the unlettered and rude workers, whose dull intellects had never before conceived the idea of a Saviour who would lead them to a happier state. Is it not possible for a great and powerful Cburob, with every help in the shape of culture, means, and opportunity, to so widen her portals that the passing crowd may catch a glimpse of the light within? Certainly and surely is the opportunity for doing so passing away. It is a question of now or never with creeds whose existences depend on antiquated forms and meaningless ceremonies. The glories of the dead past cannot be revived in tbeir former shape; you might as soon expect the galleon of the Spanish Armada to supersede the modern man-of-war.—I am, &c., SCRIPTOR. Cardiff, Oct. 4th, 1889.