CHESTER TECHNICAL SCHOOLS. ¡ 1 PRIZE DISTRIBUTION. TRIBUTES TO GOVERNING BODY. The annual distribution of prizes and the btudents conversazione in connection with the Chester School oi Scienco and Art and Secondary Schools took place on Wednesday evening at the Grosvenor Museum, and was very Largely attended. The evening was very pleasantly passed, and on every hand there were indications of progress. The Mayor (Alderman John Jonüõ) who was accompanied by the Mayoress, presided, and waö supported by the Rev. A. H. Fish Dr. Mann, Mr. E. Sriey-Li Kynnersk-y, Mpi. Keith Douglas, Mr. John Dodd (clerk to the Governing Both), Mr. J. A. McMiehael (headmaster of the Day Schools), Mr. Waiter Schroder (he-ad master of tho Art School), Mr. R. Lloyd (headmaster of the Evening Con- tinuation Classes), and the other masters of the school. Mr. Dodd read letters of apology from the Duke and Duchees of Westminster, Colonel Wilford N. LLoyd. Sir Gilbert Greeriail, tho Archdeacon of Chester, Mr. R. H. Lanoeley, Mr. A. E. Lovell, Prof. McCunn and Mr. G. R. Griffith. Mr. Dodd added that thia was Mr. Griffith's firat time to be absent from the annual prize distribution for 30 yeans. (Applause.) Mr. J. A. McMiohael, B.A., B.Se., the head- master, read the report. which waa published in these column* last week. In addition he stated that the winner of the shooting medal which was given annually was Charles Lanoeley.—Mr. Waiter Schroder A.R.C.A., the headmaster, read the -report of the Art School, which was of a Satisfactory nature, shewing that there were 308 pupils, and the standard of work for tho past year had been well maintained. -The reports of the domestic department and evening continua- tion cla.-ee» were also presented, and also shewed excellent results. Mr. John Dodd submitted the annual accounts for the past year, which (allowed that the year, waa commenced with an overdrawn balance of £ 337. Og. 3d. The total income for the year was £ 3,254. 15s. 8d., and the payments amounted to £ 3,166. 5s., shewing a surplus on the year's working of £88. 10. 8d. Thia was very satisfactory, and the finances of the institution generally had never been in a more prosperous state than at the present time. (Applause.) Tho Mayor moved the adoption of the reports and accounts, remarking that for some years he had been a member of the Governing Body. In all probability that might be the last annual prize distribution in connection with the school under tho present Governing Body, as by that time next year they hoped, if tiling's turned out as they expected, the insti- tution would be under the management and control of the Chester Corporation. When that took place he hoped its future would be brighter and more successful than it had ever been in the past. (Applause.) Referring to gentlemen who Lad been cloaaly identified with the institution and taken a great personal interest in its wel- fare, he paid a tribute to the memory of the late Dr. Stolterfoth, whom he described as a man genial, kind and good-natured to a fault. The late doctor took a very deep interest in the education of the children of the city. being pos- sibly more concerned in the higher education department. They all deplored his death and his great IOLB, and would always remember with very great sympathy and consideration the valuable, help he afforded. His Worship also mentioned the splendid services of Mrs. Keith Douglas in the domestic and coolzery. claq-oet;, men- tioning that in theee days it was often said that a working-man could not possibly maintain a wife and family of three or four children on lees than 24a. or 25s. a week, but if the wife had been educated in cookery and domestic matters it went a long way tov/arda solving tho difficulty. (Hear, hear.) He also eulogised the work of the Rev. A. H. Fish (chairman of the Governing Body), Mr.. G. R. Griffith, Mr Thomas Shopheard, Mr. Shone and Mr. J. D. Siddall. The Rev. A. H. Fish, in seconding, said it was very largely due to the Mayor's and tho other members of the Technical Instruction Committee of the Corporation initiative and energy that the day school at that in6titu- tion was established. In the first year the scholars included both boys and girls. He also referred to the services of Dr. Stolter- foth, Mr. G. R. Griffith, Mrs. Keith Douglas, etc., and also to the headmaster and his staff, who were, so to speak, the mainspring of the watch, and their clerk (Mr. John Dodd), who had displayed enthusiasm, zeal and discretion in the discharge of his duties, devoting an enormous amount of time for which he was never paid. Mentioning Dr. Stolterfoth, the rev. gentleman said there was no public man who had left them for a good many years whose loss they could eo ill endure in connection with the educational work of the city. It was a matter of very great regret that he did not live long enough to see the completion of those labours for which he and 80 many others had worked eo hard. The main enthusiasm of Mr. G. R. Griffith's life had been the success and prosperity •of those schools, and in season and out of season lie had always worked quietly and unobtrusively for their welfare and progress. Mr. Schroder proposed a vote of thanks to the Mayor and Mayoress for their servioes, and Mr. McMiohael seconded, tho motion being carried with acclamation. -'rlio Mayor responded. During tho evening some of the boys of the school excellently rendered several carols, Instrumental music waa also supplied by the Mama Brosthere' Band. Mr. J. D. Siddall gave two interesting lantern lectures, which were followed by a large assembly. The different collections of the Museum were all inspected, the stewards being the curator (Mr. A. Newstead) ttid Mr. J. A. Stendall, while the exhibitions of students' work in the different depart- fiients attracted a great deal of attention. There wera also physical and chemical demonstrations. "Die stewards were Messrs. J. A. McMichael, H. Hatch, M.Sc., S. Blake, G. E. Swift, Jones, T. Roberts, B.A., A. E. Goodman, J. W. Marriott. J. R. Davies, Dr. Nowall, the Rev. P. J. Beveridge, M.A., B.Sc., and Mr. W. Sohroder. In connection with the exhibits it is interesting to learn that an old student of the art school, Mr. J. H. Stevenson, is engaged upon a bust of Sir 10 n- Horatio Lloyd in hLg judicial wig. Mr. Steven- son obtained a scholarship from an elementary School to the day school, and then passed into e art school, becoming a pupil teacher, and finally entering the Royal College of Art, South Kensington. London, thus climbing from the lowest to the highest rung of the education ladder.
VARICOSE VEINS VANQUISHED. 4 ZAM-BUK COMPLETELY CURES A SEVERE CASE AT LIVERPOOL. So severe are somo cases of varicose veins that oven skilled modioal men cannot give the sufferer any reliof, but in such extreme cases the victims arc ad v wad not to abandon hope. Let them bo guided by the experience of Mrs. Eliza Bartlett, of 16, Cbnis-t on-street, Everton, Liverpool, who afier suffering at different periods during tho 18 years, has now been ectly cured by Zam-Buk. "For eighteen years," writes Mrs. Bartlett, "I have bl-en a suffooor with varicose veins. 'About six or eight weeks ago a small sore broke t at tho side of ono of the veins, on the shin- bone. The doctor said it was due to the veins being of long-standing, and also to my age. I woot rogrilariy to have it dressed, but derived DO benefit from the treatment. "AU this time the pain was getting worse, and the sora growing deeper, and spreading acroes tho leg. Inflammation sot in, and I found great difficulty in getting up and dowa stairs. "I then got a free sample of Zam-Buk and used it. Then I bought a 13. lid. tin from the ehemist's. The effect was marveilous. The tightness of the skin relaxed, and the pain ed. 'I bought two or three more tins, and! I am glad to say that all signs of the sore luave ijuita disappeared, and new skin has formed."
LECTURE AT MUSEUM.-At a meeting of the Chester Natural Science Society oa Thursday, Mr. J. Lomas gave an instructive lecture on Deserts." Mr. A. W. Lucas presided over a lair audience. Mr. Lomas, from his own Observations, described the origin and formation Js dejwrts, and pointed their similarity in con- lcituiicn tnd in the fossils found there, to *iapy i>ria of Cheshire, auch as Storeton and ti'.ajtoa.
THE NAVY LEAGUE. 9 CHESTER BRANCH FORMED. SUCCESSFUL MEETING. Under most suooeesf id auispicei a local branch of the Navy League was formally inaugurated 1. on Titsaday evening at a public meeting in Chester Town Hall. The Sheriff (Mr. John M. Frost) occupied tho chair, and was sup- ported on the platform by Mr. Robert Yer- burgh, tho President of the Navy League, Mr. R. Lamb, Mr. C. P. Douglas, and Lieutenant Knox, R.N., who gave a forcible and instruc- ti address, illustrated by many excellent lantern views, on "Tho Navy and the Nation." There was a large and distinctly appreciative audience. The Chairman explained the object of tho meeting, and said that in carrying it out they haid the able assistance of Mr. Yerburgh and the popular organising lecturer of the league (Lieutenant Knox). The Navy League, of which he (the chairman)) had been a member for some years, was a non-party organisation, which acted as a medium to educate the elec- torate on tho necessity of keeping a strong Navy to command tho sea in the interests cf peace without act.ing officiously towards the powers who controlled the admiralty. Though we were to-day at peace with our neighbours, let us remember that we were situated upon an island, and that upon our Navy depended our very existence. (Applause.) The ocfit. of the Navy might appear largo, but it wm little as con: pa rod with war. We mu&t not forget what would become of our homes in the event of invasion and the interruption of our food supplies with a weakened Navy. Suoh a ter- rible ordeal would entail unknown hardships, and we would wish that we had accepted the recommendations o' the Navy League by main- taining all efficient Fleet. fully prepared for all emergencies. (Applause.) NAVY'S VITAL IMPORTANCE. Lioutenant Knox, in commencing his lecture, said he regretted very much what was Chester's loss, as well as h;s loss that night, in not seeing in their midst the gentleman who had been kind enough to take the chair for him when he had last addressed a meeting in Chester. Ho referred to tho late Mr. Frank Brown (Hear, hear.) Mr. Brown had been not only kind enough to entertain him and be his host, when ho visited Chester eighteen months ago, but ho had also been good enough to take the chair for him when he spoke 011 March 27th, 1906. He regretted Chester's loss, and he regretted his own lors in not seeing Mr. Brown that night. Proceeding, Lieutenant Knox said it was his purposo to do his best to send them away from that meet- not only a little more interested in the British Fleet, but possibly realising more fttlly how vitally important it was to retain command of the sea. It was as important to every man and woman that England should retain com- mand of the sea as it was for them to retain air to breathe. Commencing with the lantern slides. Lieutenant Knox first shewed a picture of Lord Roberts, and in doing so emphasised the fact that the Empire could not be held alone by a supreme float, but that with our 21,000 miles of land frontier we required an efficient Army as well. He also mentioned that Lord Roberts was a vioo-pre&idfnt of the Navy League. If we retain;sd command of the spa, wo would retain our Empire, provided that wo woke up in time and made our Army efficient. In all probability wo would not be able to retain command of the sea unless we built two Dreadnoughts for one built by an- other Power. (Applause.) He said it with t.he most absolute sonso of responsibility, that -f we wished Germany to remain at peace with our sol v os we must demand that whatever Government was in power they should lay down twice tho number of Dreadnoughts burilt by Germany. (Applause.) If any voters had applauded thit statement would they kindly oommunioate v ith their member of Parliament and tell him that was their wish? (Applause.) I Reforring to Sir Percy Scott, whose portrait was thrown on the screen, Lieutenant Knox said Sir Percy had been appointed by Sir John Fisher as inspector of target practice, and he had so improved the shooting of tho Navy that last year the Fleet made 2,000 more hits than misses, and two years ago it made 2,000 more misses than hits. The percentage of hits was 81 this year against 71 last year, while only a few years ago it had been below 40. As shewing how valuable this improve- ment in the shooting might prove, the lecturer pointed out that tho first Peace Conference had been followed by two of the biggest wars known to history, while Germany voted 67 million pounds for the increase of her Navy. The result of the second Peace Conference was that Germany had increased her naval expenditure by three million sovereigns. Lord Roberts had laid down the principle that all the youths of this country should be trained in the us-) of arms, and it was most extraor- dinary that although there seemed to be oppo- sition to National Service no one ever con- tradiated Mr. Yerburgh or himself whenever they referred to tho work of the National Service LA-ag-to as magnificent National training was vital to this oourtry. (Applause.) H" urged men and women to ask themselves as communsiii'e Britons why Germany re- quired such a largo fleet, and to answer the question for themselves. POINT FOR MR. MOND. One of the lantern slides thrown upon the screen was that there were 40,000 foreign sea- men in tho mercantile marine, exclusive of Lasoar3, to whom we were paying two mil- lion pounds annually in wages, in order that they might take the bread out of the mouths of British people. Lieutensuit Knox addied that if they did not like that state of affairs the only remedy was to tell their member of Parliament, and ask him if he liked it, and if he liked :t they must disagree with him. (Hear. hear.) Mr. Yerburgh, as President of the Navy League, did not like it. (Applause.) The lecturer also suggested that rhose present should ask their member of Parliament if he had any views on the secrecy cf the Press in war time. Ho might not have any views, and he might have views stronger than his (the speaker's). Lieutenant Knox, referring to the proposed branch of the Navy League for Chester, also threw out some suggestions as to the work of the branoh. He said they could see that a Navy League map was provided for every school, and they could educate the rising generation as to what the Navy League was, and what the Empire was, and pos- sibly they could edu-cate those who wero educating the rising generation. (Laugh- ter ) They could give prizes for essays on naval history in the schools, as was done on a largoc scale by the Liverpool and Bristol branches, and they might also take the young people to the dockyards at Barrow, Birken- hoad and Liverpool, as the German Navy League was doing throughout Germany to- day As to information concerning the Navy League, he recommended the Navy League annual, published at one shilling. One of the last pictures shown was that of Mr. Yerburgh, which was received with prolonged applause. Lieutenant Knox said the League had sailed under Mr. Yerburgh's flag for seven years, and they hoped to sail under it for another 17 years at the very least. He had steered them extremely well and very wisely, and they were quite content that he should remain as Presi- dent of the League. (Applause.) FOREIGN NAVAL AMBITIONS. Mr. Yerburgh, who waa cordially received, in the course of a brief address, emphasised the truth of the lecturer's statement that our country waa unlike any other country in the world-an island empire which entirely depended upon eea power. Lieut. Knox had, he said, put before them in a convincing way what sea power really meant, viz., that we had to retain control of the wa in order to guarantee the transport of our raw materials and the food supplies for our teeming population, and the passage of our troops for the protection of our Colonies and great dependency of India in case of a national emergency. It might be said that all were agreed that sea power was a necessity to our' existence—and indeed, he thought we were all agreed. Mr. Stead, for example, had stated in the Review of Reviews that eo long as Germany built battleships we must lay down two keels to her one at the lowest estimate. (Hear, hear.) When this opinion came from such a life-long Radioal, he thought the Navy League were justified in saying that the question of a stron,, Navy waa above all party. It might be said, We are all agreed with thia; why, then, ask ua to join the Navy League?" The answer waa that people who said a thing was necessary might be inclined to think it was not eo neoee- sary when asked to find more money to pay for it. The Navy League existed to tell the people not only that they wanted a strong Navy, but that it was their duty to pay for it. In the last throe years we had reduced the expendi- ture upon our Navy by some £7,000,000, five millions of which were effected by the late Unionist Government, and two millions by the present Government. Thus we had shewn the world that we were prepared when occasion arose to reduce our Naval expenditure. The reduction was effected because, on the one hand, the Russian fleet was non-existent, a great factor in our calculations with regard to the strength of our Fleet being removed. The other reason waa that we had established a friendly under- standing with France. We had now another factor to consider, however; wo could not afford to despise the rise of Germany, within 220 miles of our own shores, as a great naval power. We know Germany to be a great military Power, but it waa her intention to be, as she had an- nounced in her Navy Bill, a naval power of the first magnitude. In 1888 her naval expendi- ture waa only some £ 2,500,000. It Wail now over £ 13,000,000. In a year's time it would rise to some £ 16,000,000 or £ 17.000,000, and in 1911 her expenditure would amount to no leas than £ 23,000,000. Could we afford to disregard this great expenditure that Germany was embarking upon, this decision on her part to build up a great fleet? We could not—(hear, hear)--And we were therefore bound to go on building, and the Government would be obliged to call upon the people for money for the purpose. Some people said that we ought to desist from spending thia money, and act an example to the world by decreasing the expenditure upon our Navy. We had already done that, and were prepared to go on doing it if other nations would uot increase their expenditure. (Hear, hear.) So long ago as 1899 fjord Goaohen, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, told the world that we were prepared to reduce the expenditure upon our Navy if other countries would do likewise. What waa the answer to our offer—an offer made in the interests of peace and in order that this wasteful expenditure might be reduced? Within a very short time Germany produced an estimate for naval expenditure of some sixty-seven millions sterling. Before the Hague Conference our Ministers declared their intention to drop one of the three battleships which it was thought necessary for ua to build, as it was thought the Conference would have satisfactory results. We knew what had happened. The proposals of the Hague Conference had not resulted in a satis- factory way, and we were compelled to build that other ship. But that was not all. We luid wel- earned the Kaiser as our honoured guest, and his visit here had, we hoped, established friendly relations between Germany and ourselves. We desired that most fervently. (Hear, hear.) There was nothing we wished so much as to be on friendly terms with Germany. We did not mind her expansion, her great commercial activity; we welcomed her aa a fair rival in the field of trade. But it was curious that, although we hoped a more friendly understanding had been established between thooo two great countries, in whose liands the peace of the world waa placed, we found that no sooner had the Kaiser left these shores than Germany had intro- duced another large programme of naval ex- penditure. This wao rather a blow to the hopes of those who believed that in the visit of the Kaisor we might hopa to see some cessation of the rivalry between Germany and ourselves. (Hear, hear.) Aa Mr. Stead had said, we could not afford to let Germany beat us in the race. If there waa to be a gamo of "beggar my neigh- bour we must soo that we were not to be the beggar. (Applause.) Our Fleet existed for dofonoe, and not for defiance. We as a people would never declare war. It would be against the national conscience to take the initiative in a great European war. We might take it that whenever that war came we would not be the attacking party, but we would be attacked. If we were attacked lie hoped wo would take the initiative then, but the initiative in the first instance would not lie with us. In the second place we muat remember that while in Nelson's time we increased our Navy very largely by the captures of our enemy's ships, we would not be able to do that in a war at tho present time. Then we had another terrible clement of danger in floating mines, against which our ships might run. The Japanese lost about 33 per cent, of their battle fleot by mines. For theao reasons wo could not afford to have our Fleet below the standard laid down for us by our professional advisors. He would remind them of words about 500 ye-ara old, eo closely connected with our history, and now embodied in the Articles of War- The Navy, whereon, under the good providence of God, the wealth, safety and strength of the kingdom chiefly depend." And he would add that not only did the peace of the country depend upon the Fleet, but in the opinion of those beet qualified to judge, the peace of the whole world depended upon the strength of the British Fleet. (Applause.) ALDERMAN LAMB'S SUPPORT. Alderman Robert Lamb moved that a branch of the Navy League be formed in Chester. Don't be alarmed, he said to his audience, if you find a Radical like myself supporting the Navy Letague. (Applause.) Some, perhaps, will have something to say of the presence of myself on the platform, aa they had on a previous occasion when I supported the National Service League; but it is absolutely neocasary that one should stand out in theao matters, and shew to what aide you belong. I am one of those who believe in the old saying that to prevent war one muat be prepared for war." (Applause.) Proceeding, Alderman Lamb expressed his belief that the two-power standard of the English Navy waft necessary for the peace of the world. He could not understand for hia life why Germany required such a powerful Navy. (Hear, hear.) Had she the colonial possessions to defend that we had? Ho believed Germany's object was to be on all fours with England, and he sincerely hoped that we should be at atten- tion, and that we should eee our two-power standard maintained. In conclusion. Alderman Lamb announced that the Duke of Westminster had promised to be the fit president of the Chester branch. (Loud applause.) Mr. C. P. Douglas seconded, and mentioned that he had (Subscribed to the Navy League for some time. He had an interest in the Navy because his fifth and youngest boy was a middy, and if he had five more younger boys he should be very glad to see them in the Navy. (Applause.) He should be very much dis- appointed if a branch of the Navy League could not be formed in Chester. Lieut. Knox explained that to form a branch the Navy League required eight members, pay- ing one guinea each, and when they had obtained those eight members they would eend a warrant of incorporation for tho branch. They could then put their engine room telegraph to full speed and get as many members at a guinea or associates at five shillings aa they liked. The proposition was agreed to unanimously. Mr. Yerburgh proposed a vote of thanks to the Sheriff, and said he waa personally indebted to him for his kindness in consenting to preside. They were engaged on a national work. It certainly waa a work that deserved the support of all people who loved their country, and the preeanoe of the Sheriff emphasised the fact that the League was entirely a non-party body. The motion was carried with appiauso. Lieut. Knox announced that an honorary secretary was required for the branch, and the League would be glad to receive an offer of someoneVj services.
"WHY IS RICE PUDDING ALWAYS THE SAME ?" It needn't be Try the addition of a few cur- rants, and you will be surprised to find how much it is appreciated by the little folks. Here is the recipe ;-RICE AND CURRANT PUDDING. Ingre- dients: Two ounces of rice, two ounces of cur- rants, one pint of milk, one egg, one tablespoonful of castor sugar, half an ounce of beef snet, grated nutmeg to taste. Method: Wash, drain, and blanch the rice, then cook it in the milk for ten minutes; add the currants and the sugar. Shred the suet or chop it finely, and stir into the other ingredients. Beat up the egg and add also. Pour the mixture into a buttered pie dish. Grate a little nutmeg on top, and put tho pudding in a«low oven to bake for about an hour and a half.—Your Grocer will give you free on request a booklet entitled "Currants—A fewTaaty Keeipes," which is full of useful recipes suitable for the famiiy t dinner.
CHESTER'S VOLUNTEERS. t DUCHESS, DISTRIBUTES THE PRIZES. THE TERRITORIAL SCHEME. Her Grace tho Duchcss of Westminster, who was accompanied by the Countssa Grosvenor, motored from Eaton to Chester on Tuesday night and graciously distributed the prizes to the local Volunteers in the Music Hall, in the presence of a considerable gathering of citizens. The platform was crowded with Volunteer officers and ladies, among those present being CoL. Bonnalio, Major F. B. Mason, Major Fountain, Capt. V. H. Dickson, Liout. M. Frost, Liout. Fitzpatriok, Major and Quarter- master Whitley (1st Cheshire R.G.A. Vols.), Lieut.-Col. A. Hervoy Talbot, Major F. 0. Evans, Capts. W. A. V. Churton, C. E. Brom- ley, W. E. Linaker, J. Williamson, Lieuts. E. D. Dickson. J. Day, Davies, A. J. Musgrave, and Capt. and Adjutant E. L. Roddcy (2nd V.B. Cheshire Regiment), Col. T. J. Smith, Col. Evans-Lloyd, the Rov. H. Grantham (ahaplain 2nd V.B. Cheshire Regiment), the Rev. D. H. Picroe (chaplain 1st Flintshire R.E. Vols.), the Mayor (Aid. John Jones), etc. Her Giacs, who carried a bouquet, was warm!y re- ooived on ascending tho platform. During the interval of waiting the band of the 2nd V.B. Cheshire Regiment, under Bandmaster Hum- phreys, discouised selections of music in ex- cellent style, and their services were much appreciated. Col. Bonnalie extended to her Grace a cor- dial wcsloomo. Before calling upon the Duobcss to distribute the prizes to th" ArtiJlery Volun- teers, the Coloael gavo an outline of tho pro- gress made during tho year by his corps. He said that on a similar occasion last year he had the satisfaction of boing able to announce that tho number of recruits who had joined the Artillery Volunteers had exceeded that of any year for a pctiod of over twenty years, with the eXOêption of 1900, when on account of the South African war tho number was very high. This year he was g'ad to tell thm that the numb&r of recruits who joined the corps even exceeded that of 1900. In Chester alone 74 re- cruits joinsd during tho past year. On 31st October, 1S06, their strength was 593, while on the same date this year tho number was 637, an increase of 44. All t..1 men were returned as efficient, which waa 100 per cent. This sire wed tha.t the vitality of the cosps still con- tinued to bo of a high standard. This y?ar they again went into oamp at Knott End, Fleetwood, 347 men attending out of a total of 397 on the roll. A great deal of useful work was accom- plished under fairly favourable weather condi- tions. The result of the brigade competitions was that the 1st Heavy Battery, under the command of Capt. V. H. Dickson and Bat- talion Sergt.-Major Bennett, won the competi- tive practice, fire discipline and grand aggne- gate competitions, the 3rd Heavy Battery, under Major T. H. Wood, winning the foot drill com- petition. During the encampment, the Colonel continued, they were inspected by Col. Lardncr Clarke, Gen. Sir. Chas. Burnett and Gen. the Hon. Sir N. G. Lyttelton. He (the Colonel) had every reason to believe the result of tho- inspections was highly favourable to the corps. There was one deficiency, he regretted to an- nounce, and that was the shortage of officers, though that applied to almost every Volunteer oorp3 at the present time. This was a gree.t drawback, and undoubtedly detracted to a very great extent from their efficiency. Now a per- manent and definite schema for the reorganisa- tion of the Volunteer forces was being brought into operation, he hoped this would Boon be ltemedied. No doubt a number had hesitated to join solely on account of the uncertainty as to what was going to be done with the Volun- teers. Almoot everyone now more thoroughly appreciated the necessity of the earistenoe of Volunteers. Undoubtedly the formation and continuance of a thorough and efficient Volun- teer army would decide, in the near future, the question of tha necessity or not of adopting some form of conscription. As regarded THE TERRITORIAL SCHEME, in which they were all so much interested, though he was a member of tho Cheshire County Association, he was unablo, as yet, to make any authoritative announcement as re- garded the disposition of the Cheshire Artillery under the new scheme. Tha universal opinion among the officers who had the opportunity of listening to Mr. Haldane's description of his scheme on the occasion of his visit to the Lord- Lieutenant a few weeks ago, was that if it was possible for any scheme for a Volunteer army on purely Volunteer lines to be a success, this scheme would bo a sucooas. This was not a i party qutsatdon, nor were politics involved at j all. It wad a national question. It was tho duty of everybody, more particularly Volun- teers, to do all they could to make this sohemo a sucoosn. This was the first tim he believed it would bo the Last time--VoluntoeTs had a chanoo of becoming a real part of tho British Army. If the young men of the coun- try would only realise, and be taught to realise, that it was thair first duty to their King and their oountry to make themselves thoroughly competent to take their place in the defence of their country, the question of national de- fence would then be vary eiaaily solved, and we would cease to hear of the fear of invasion; or the need for conscription, while tho physique and force of character of the nation would be raised. (Applause.) The Duahees then distributed the prises to the Artillery Volunteers. Her Grace also pinned on the breast of Sergt.-Major Carter, the regimental sergt.-major of the corps, the long service and good conduct medal, which a soldier earns for 18 years' good conduct and meritorious service. CoL Hervey Talbot next refertied to the work of his corps, the 2nd V.B. Cheshire Regi- ment. After joining in tho welcome to the Duchess, he said that last year the strength of the battalion was 1,085, an inoraaso of two over the previous year, and by the addition of one member thoy had become the strongest bat- talion in the brigade. (Applause.) As ro- garded camp, they were under a disadvantage. They had been accustomed for eoine years to go under canvas for 15 days towards the end of July, and then they were able to utilise the long summer evenings for training. This year, how- ever, they went to oamp much earlier, going in Whit-weok, and consequently had not the same advantages of training, their Drill Hall being so small, with tho result that they joined the brigade practically untrained. Last yoar they encamped on Salisbury Plain 796 strong, whertiw this year they went out for tho eight days' training with the miserable number of 536. These figures, bo thought, showed clearly that a 15-days' cncampmemt waa not loo severe for Volunteers. There was as much difference between a battalion training for 15 days and one for eight days as there was between chalk and cheesei. Their musketry practice showed a alight improvement, but if they were to be of any practical usa they MUST HAVE A RANGE. How could they possibly loam to shoot by goitig to Altoar for a coupLe of days a year for the prize shooting? He hoped that under Mr. Haldane's new scheme the first thing the County Association would do would be to sup- ply them with a range, as it was perfectly hope- less to oxpect them to bo good shots otherwise. Under the new territorial scheme he understood that instead of having five battalions in Cheshire there would be only four. Whether it was the intention to disband one altogether, or combine the whole and then make four ssparate bat- talions, he was unable to say. Under the scheme it was proposed at any rate to give them an opportunity, to supply them with more rruonoy and put them on the came footing as tho Army. (Applause.) When they had done this, however, they would require increased officicmoy. The Colonel afterwards referred to officicmoy. The Colonel afterwards referred to the apathy of tho members of tho headquarter companies in attending drilL The officers set an excellent example, but it was not responded to by tha men as it should be. The General had notioed this, and had suggested that one company should be taken away. In conclusion he appealed for support for the Voluntoers, ro- marking that if compulsory service was intro- duced it would be a great misfortune, as every- body was not fitted for a military life. (Ap- plause.) The prizes of this corps were distributed by her Grace, who also presented a long-service medal to Sergt. Shew. The Mayor moved a vote of thanks to the donors of prize,, remarking that it must be a considerable stimulus to the officers of tho corps to find the public eo heartily appreciated tWi* efforts by providing such a valuable list of presents. (Hear, hear.)—The motion having been carried, Col. Smith, who met with a most flattering reception, the audience, and especially the Volunteers, applauding continuously, suitably responded. He called attention to the difficul- ties oxperienocd when the brigade went into camp eo early in tho year, adding that it waa not the way to got the best work out of the men. (Hear, hear.) MR. YERBURGH'S CORDIAL RECEPTION At this point Mr. Yerburgh, accompanied by the Sheriff (Aid. J. M. Frost), both of whom had boen attending a meeting in connection with tho Navy League at the Town Hall, as- cended the platform, and immediately the audi- ence cheered vociferously for some minutes. Mr. Yerburgh was invited to propoee the vote of thanks to the Duchess, and on rising he was again enthusiastically cheered. He remarked that hto was a singularly fortunaite man. After having been &o unlucky in one way as to have to keep an engagement in another hall on be- half of wha;t he might call the sister service, 00 had arrived in time to ba present at their gathering, and to pcu-form a pleasant duty. He proposed a cordial vote of thanke to her Grace for distributing the prizes. (Applause.) He was suro lie was voicing the feelings of every- body present when he said it gave them intense pfewrsuro to see her Grace there. The presence of the Duchess as representing the House of Grosvenor was always acceptable, and he was sure bo spoke for cvorytody in Chaster by saying they oould not see enough of her. (Ap- plause.) The motion was carried with cheers, and Col. Evans-Lloyd responded on behalf of her Grace, remarking that øhe had returned from London orrly at 7 p.m. The House of Groaverior, be added, had always suppo-ri.ed every good object in Chester, and tho Duchess that night was only adding another to tho long series of kind- ro nesses they had received from tho Grosvenor family. The family had always been the back- bona of Chester. (Applause.) They wore all de-lighted to see iiho Countess Gros-v,-inor-(heax, hear)—and they hoped that the young Earl Grosvenor would in time join the territorial army and fight for his country. (Applause.) Alluding in conclusion to the territorial scheme, he said he did not know how it was going to work, but it wiis rather tying a man down to mako him serve four years. Still, he thought Mr. Haldane had "struck ile," and that we should have a really good territorial army. (Ap- plause.) Tho proceedings terminated with the render- ing of the National Anthem by the band.
CHESTER UNION EDUCATION COMMITTEE. 4 THE INCE SETTLEMENT. SCHOOL DIFFICULTY AT HOOLE. A meeting of the loministrative Sub-Com- mittee of Education for the Chester Union area was held on Wednesday at the County Education Offices, Alderman It T. Richardson presiding. UPTON SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT. A resolution was laid before the committee from the County Education Committee, in- structing them to inform the managers of the Upton Schoolrj that immediate steps must be taken for tho erection of a partition and for improving the lighting of the sohool. After dis- cussion a small committee was appointed to meet the managers with a view to the im- provements being carried out. THORNTON SCHOOL SATISFACTORY. A comm.ittee apiointed to inspect Thornton- le-Moors Sohool reported that they met the managers on September 30th at the school, and afto- inspecting the pramisos decided that it wns in very fair condition and suitable for educational purposes. Ths Chairmaji, moving the adoption of tho report, said the committee were unanimous, only one member being neutral.—The report was adopted, and the committee decided to delete a resolution passed at a previous meet- ing, including Thornton in the area propoced to be served by a new Council sohool. INOE SCHOOL TO BE LEASED. The Chairman, in introducing a dation that Inco School should bo leased for five or seven years on suitable terms, said row that it was unnecessary to include Thornton within the area, it was undesirable to build a school as the Director of Education suggested. The Chairman proceeded to mention the grounds upon which tho ratepayers protested against the proposed new school. The first was that the Inoe and Thornton schools, as at present, had not been condemned. He sug- gested that the committee should approve of this, subject to the proposed improvements at Inoo Schools.—This was agreed to. The second ground of objection was that "the schools meet the requirements of the population of those parishes." The Chairman thought they would agree with that. Mr. George Cooke said that as long as the local ratepayers said the existing accommoda- tion was all they required, ho supposed the committee must agroe with them. He thought, however, that they had made a mistake which would ultimately prove a great loss to them. They must find that out by experience. The resolution was approved. It was decided to offer no comment on the next statement, that the grants earned by these schools are in excess of those by Council schools in the county. Tlho ratepayers Curther declared that the erection of a new school would place a heavy burden on the ratepayers without any com- pensatory result.—This was agreed to with the deletion of the words "without any compensa- tory result. r: The last objection, "that tho increased dis- tance to be travelled would docreaso attend- ance," was agreed to. The Chairman then moved that Inoe School bo leased for five or seven years on suitable terms. He had reason for supposing they would be able to arrange terms that would be satisfactory to the sub-committee and the County Ediuoation Committee. He suggested it should also be provided that in the event of tho Thorruton Schooil being aondjomned the committee should be entitled to give six months' notice to the owner at any time. He thought he would be able to get that term agreed to. Proceeding, tho Chairman said that the director's report embodied what was practically a restatement of the sub-commit- tee's contention from the first, namely, that the whole question turned on the inclusion of Thornton, and that without or until such in- clusion it would be a waste to erect the pro- posed new school. Accordingly, on 30th Sept- ember, a special sub-committee visited Thorn- ton School, and reported it was in a very fair condition and suitable for eduoatio-nal pur- posed. That neport had now been adopted by this eub-oormnittee. The local education authority had no power to abolish that school, or to charge the ratepayers of an area for a new school when it had already sufficient iwhool accommodation. The sohool was very well situated a<s an intermediate sohool be- tween Inoe ani Mickle Trafford schools. Mr. Richardson proceeded to quote figures with a view to shewing that the Ince and Thornton schools could bo staffed and mana<god more economically under the proposals now agreed to than under Mr. Ward's scheme. Mr. George Cooke said he quite agreed with Mr. Richardson's observations, but he strongly dissented from his figures, and he thought they had better not discuss them. If Mr. Richard- son liked to put forward the figures and try to susta-in them before the County Committee, he would have no objection, but ho would certainly get no support from him. The Chairman: This committee has usually stood for economy, and I want to shew that in my opinion they are still etaaiding for economy. The Chairman's resolution as to the leasing of tho school was agreed to, and the Chairman, in reply to a member, said the agreement, when drafted, would have to bo submitted to tho sub-committee and the County Committee. In regard to the question of staffing the schools, the diairman expressed a doubt as to the desirability of having three teachers in small schools. Mr. J. Minshull asked whether such a. staffing was compulsory. Mr. W. R. Rednmn (inspector) replied that 14he alternative would be a reduced curriculum. The Hon. Cfecil Parker: Lot us havo the alternative. The Chairman: I quite agree with you; it would be an excellent thing. They are trying to teach in the country what- they teach in the towns. Tho Hon. Cecil Parker moved, and Mr. Dob- son seconded, a reml irtion-" That it is very desirable that the curriculum should be simpli- fi,ed.Th,is was agreed to. ACCOMMODATION AT HOOLE. A report was submitted by tho sub-committee appointed to recommend a site for the now Council school for Hoole and Newton. The architect's report was also read. Several members expressed the opinion that all the sites were geographioa.lly unsuitable. The Clerk (Mr. J. H. Hewitt) submitted a resolution passed by the Hoole Urban Council inquiring whether tho largo expenditure in- volved by the building of a new school could not bo obviated by the erect-ion of a new infants' school on a site which might bo obtained free of cost. Mr. Gco. Dobson said this resolution was passed by a full meeting, and ha hoped tho committee would give it every consideration. The Newton Parish Council had unanimously passed a similar resolution. Mr. T. Woo 11am said the rates of Iloole wl-r-a even higher than thoso of Chester at the pro- sent time, and a new school wouJd mean an addition of 14d. in the pound. If there was any chanoo of obtaining the sanction of the Board of Education to an infants' school, he hoped tho committee would try it. Mr. E. Dean said since 1861 the rate oall for the half-year in Newton had increased from 244 to L885, and since 1901 the population had increased from 1.268 to 1,865. Mr. J. Minshull said the Board of Education ha.d insisted upon extra accommodation being found, and the committee had no option but to provide a new school. The Chairman said he thought they were all agreed that additional accommodation was wanted, and the only question was in what form it should be found. 1\,J:¡". Dobson said the Urban Council advised the spending of £3,000 instead of 25,000. Mrs. Goodman said it was not always tho wisest tihing to economise. She did not alto- gether agree with the policy of patching and adapting buildings. Mr. Dobson: You are going to have as many schools as houses just now. Mr. Goorgo Cooke did not. think there was any chance of inducing the County Council to build an infants' sohool. They had everywhere set them^elvee against that principle. The Chairman said if a substantial number of the population wanted a Council school, they were entitled to have it, even if they were in a minority. Mr. T. Woollam pointed out that the West- minster eohool was attended by a number of Boughton children, who would be withdrawn when the new school in Boughton was com- pleted. On the motion of Mr. Woollam, seconded by Mr. Dobson, it was resolved to forward the Hoole Urban Council's resolution as a recom- mendation to the County Committee.
COUNTY POLICE COURT. f SATURDAY.—Before Mr. John Thompson (chairman), Col. Evans-Lloyd, Messrs. B. C. Roberts, R. T. Richardson, J. W. Macfie, Jno. M. Frost, W. J. Croydon and A. R. Smith. THEATRICALS AT SAIGHTON.-On the application of Mr. R. T. Morgan, th'j bench grunted a licence for a theatrical performance at Saighton Schools on Deo. 30. Mr. Morgan reminded the bench that ho applied some time ago for a licence operative for a whole year, tho idea being that a series of entertainments wouid have to be given throughout the winter in order to raise funds for the church heating apparatus a.nd other repairs. Subscriptions had been coming in so well, however, that bo thought only on9 more eutertainmuit would be required. FIGHTING.—Two Whitby men, named Goo. Jiackaon and Joseph Price, were summoned for a breach of tho peace on the 7th inst. at EE.es- nrere Port.—P.C. Dignan deposed to seeing de- fendams fighting outside the Conservative Club with their coals off. One gave a wrong name and adcl-ecs, and the other ran away, and sub- sequently threatened witness when found.-Dc- fendants were bound over to keep the peace for six months. IN WANT OF WORK.—Elijah Furber, labourer, Iloole, pleaded guilty to malioiously damaging a holly tree in the grounds of Mrs. Potts, HookJ. Bank.—Prisoner pleaded that he wanted to earn a few coppers for hia wife and child. He had been trying his best to got work and failed.—Defendant was ordered to pay the costs (4s. 6d.).
CESTRIAN'S SCHEME FOR SCHOOLS. 4 PHYSICAL DRILL AND RIFLE SHOOTING A Cestrian, Mr. Thomas Mayrrard, has pro- pared an excellent scheme of physioal exercises for use in public elementary schools, and has adopted another for teaching the young riflo shooting. Mr. Maynard's scheme is the out- come of over 20 years' practical experience in the Army, 16 of which were spoilt in discharg- ing the duties of an instructor in these arts. At one time he was an instructor at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He is now drill master at tho Chester Industrial School, and instructs the boys in Swedish drill and mus- ketry. Tho scheme has been submitted to well- known authorities, who have spoken of it highly. We have had an opportunity of exam- ining tho scheme, and find it boars out all that has been said in its praise. As regards rifle shooting, Mr. Maynard points out that it can be taught in public elementary schools much the same as physioal exercises, but lie does not recommend that it should be practised in school hours, though lectures on tho subject might be given He shews with rcmarkablro clearness how the student can be taught by gradual processes the use of tho riflo, which he suggests should be tho War Office miniature service rifle. The great advantage of using this rifle over an air gun or other miniature rifle would bo that scholars would be ablo to taloa up a service rifle and be thoroughly competent to U90 it in every detail. The cost of a range would bo £ 11, the riflo £ 2. 5a., and tho ammu- nition 10s. &d. per thousand, and if the scheme was adopted in Chester, ho considers the At- lantic Bath would make em excellent range, requiring little, if any, expenditure. To defray the expense bo suggosts the formation of a municipal rifle olub; the profit on the ammuni- tion would soon cover the cost. In his scheme for physical exeroises he points out that the educational effect of the exercises, if rightly conducted, would bo to develop alertness, de- oision, concentration, and perfect control of mind over body. Only qualified instructors should give instruction, one who thoroughly un- derstood the exercises suitable to ohiidren of different ages and physique, because oxercises that would develop one soholar would have no benefi-oial effect on another. The medical officer and instructor should examine each scholar individually as to their physical fitness for the exercises, which ane described and classified, and which would bo taught. irrespec- tive of standards, and be supplemented by other attractive exercises. There are fifteen public elementary schools in the city, ha points out, and provided the instructor attended six hours a day (9 a.m. to 12 noon and 2 to 5 p m.) for the five school days, he could give inst ruction at each sohool twice a wook, of one hour's dura- tion. These exercises could bo performed in tho open air in the playgrounds in summer, and in the Atlantic Bath in winter, which could be boarded over, tire cost- of the flooring being defrayed by occasional physical exercise dis- plays.
CHESTER PASTOR'S RETIREMENT.— After a little more than four yeara' ministry at the Northgate Congregational Church, the Rev. W. H. Towers is shortly to vacate hie pastorate, and we regret to learn that he deems it advisable to take thia step on grounds of health. Since he came to Chester Mr. Towers haa not enjoyed the robust health to which he waa accustomed, and, we understand, it is his intention to take a root from ministerial work for a time in order to recuperate. The announce- ment of his impend:ng retirement came as a sur- prise to the general members of the congregation.
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FLINTSHIRE MAGISTRACY. IIAWARDEN COUNCIL SUGGESTS NAMEk PETITION TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR- On Friday evening, at a meeting of Hawarden liural Council, the question of nocd of more magistrates in tho Council's was discussed. Mr. J. Miiliugton introduced subject by moving that the Council draw Lord Chancellor's attention to the need of 1J1O. magistrates in Hawarden, Sandycroft and t ncy. He remarked that there was a need ø more magistrates in the district. There wate no magistrates residing in the village Hawarden or close by, the nearest J. P- ho believed, at Brouyhton. There was a n of magistrates in the Queen's Ferry and riaJH'J' croft district, and, above and beyond everY' where oiee, Kinnerton required one. In the Kinnerfcon pariah there was ouly one rnag tnat/e, who h&d the appointment by virtue of office, and he was their respected and chairman (Mr. W. Fryer). (Hear, hear.) Tba latter had been their chairman about c^cV5:s years, and had rendered valuable service in t- capacity, and also when discharging his duties 't a magistrate. He (the speaker) considered waa a pity Mr. Fryer had boen lost sight during tho last few years, when they had distributing freely throughout tho whole county honours, and had not boen plaocd P*l manentiy on the oommiesion of the peace. y suggested the following names:—Kinnerton, Md Fryer; Hawarden, Mr. W. G. C. Gladstone a Mr. Hugh Davies (the latter having 9etTef faithfully on the Pariah Council for a of ye*r»); Aston (Hawarden), Mr. Taylor; and Sandycroft, their old friend | Samuel Manley, who had been a very member of the community for many years. fie thought theao gentlemen were fit persons to occupy tho honourable positions, and ho hored the Lord Chancellor would confer the honou at this festive season of the year. (Applaud ) Mr. John Wright seconded, and asked W'h3 were the qualifications for a magistrate. The Clerk: Respectability. (Laughter.) Mr. J. Ham peon endorsed what had boen fi remarking that the time would come before Vel long when Mr. Fryer would be made a P6 1 manent J.P., and he thought the reason be not been made such was because he was air on the oommiesion by reason of his offioe. < would like Shotton included in the petition, y cause in tho district there was a hugo popur^ tion, which was increasing every week, and tn, only two' magistrates in tho district were 0 men, and oould not always bo approached. Captain Vickers supported tho latter sugS tion, mentioning instances whero the >lCirf'C0 of an additional magistrate at Shotton W^11 have been valuable. Mr. T. E. Williams aaid ho oould not. stand why Tryddyn had been left out. (T*a'a ter.) waa a population of 1,500, and t"*5 were no magistrates for miles around. Mr. Millington, with the members' perm added to hia list the name of Captain for Shotton. In reply to Mr. Hampaon, 4 1 speaker said there were chairmen of other U>° j. authorities who had been made magistrates who were younger in the service than Mr. Fryer. The resolution was carried unanimously, it waa agreed to with tho Lieutenant of the county. A PARISH COUNCIL SNUBBED. The Holywell Rural Parish Council recent forwarded a request to the Lord Lieutenant Flintshire (Mr. H. R. Hughes, of Kinmel) he would appoint a magistrate for co*1^ resident in the populous district of Bag'1' Clerk of the Council has received a T^> 1 from the Lord Lieutenant, who writes:—" I g on inquiry that in Holywell there ,9 justioes living within a minute's walk of clerk's office whero summonses are UO t obtained, and another two within three minuto walk of it, and that there are no lees tp* twelve magistrates residing within tho divi»'° Under them circumstances I am unable to r. with the Parish Council that an acldltional rfla I$* trate residing in the closely adjoining town 0 Bagillt is required."
tllLlbUSftESl y B <1 After the festivities, |||| tyflTbanish that bilious attack, |p indigestion, wind, headache, ma Wf and nausea, and put the H§ stomach, liver and bowels |||| g|| right by taking a dose of wm It ¡jJi. 219 Ø,