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THE WEATHER AND THE CROPS.

CONTINENTAL EXPERIENCE OF…

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CONTINENTAL EXPERIENCE OF SMALL HOLDINGS. The "Journal of the Board of Agriculture," giving an account of the discussion of the Vienna Agricultural Congress on the subject of the preservation of tlie peasant class, and the "relief of that bedy from the crashing burden of indebtedness, which weighs on it in so many countries of Europe," points out that tho custom of paying a deposit on purchase and raising the reat of the price by mortgage is widespread, and is the more dangerous inas- much as the purchase price often exceeds the ''true" value of the holding measured by the nett returns. But even when the holding passes by inheritance—we learn from the re- port—debts are often incurred to pay out the co-heirs and the occupier is induoedto take on further liabilities to improve his property or to meet losses arising from bad management or misfortunes. To remedy the evil it is agreed that legislation is necessary. The first sugges- tion made "is to relievo the soil of all debts on it that exceed a oertain limit by the forma- tion of loan societies of known solidity, and with thi, objeci to transform all debts which the creditor may call in at pleasure into debts which the debtor must pay off by regular in- stalments. Secondly, to require that all new debtti should be contracted in the latter form, except in certain cases, euch as when land passes by inheritance or is transferred to near relations. Thirdly, in places where it is the custom for the land to pass to one heir without di.vision it should be illegal to raise accommo- dation mortgages by other means than by loans repayable in instalments, provided that an agricultural credit bank should be available in every case for the liquidation of the debt. Apparently an extensive system of land divi- sion and sub-division has got them into a pretty muddle.

RENTS AND IMPROVEMENTS.

i PLOUGHING, HEDGING AND DITCHING.…

CHRISTMAS STOCK SALES. +

XMAS COUGHS AND COLDS. +

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I"NO TESTS FOR TEACIIERS."

EDUCATION IN WIRRAL.

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----_._---A HARE STORY. +

WORKHOUSE EXPEiVDITUUE. t

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