DISSOLUTION. > END OF SHORT PARLIAMENT. On Monday the Parliament of 1910 was and in the evening the writs were inü,1, thus enabling- the pollings to begin jBaturday. The King held two Councils at 'jfilfWMngliam Palace, one for the Proroga- nMffn Stnd the other for the Dissolution. it; the -1-lotise of Lords the Lord Chancellor fclie King's Speech as follows: .J £ F &OE»S. AND GENTLEMEN,— t address von for the first time under the shadow of the great calamity occasioned the death of my beloved father. I have f^ciuved abundant evidence from every f¡ø.t, of my dominions that the irreparable which has befallen me and my family ,*» deeply lamented by my subjects. Their .jyiwjKithy has fortiiic d me in my sorrow, I have devoted myself to the duties <0 which f have been called with the est desire to follow in my dear ■fixtIter's footstcps. My relations with foreign Powers con- o to be friendly. t confidently hope that the questions ""It et! ted%tli the North Atlantic w' Pitihc vies between Canada and Newfound- land on the one hand. and the United Stat-fs of America, on the other, which 'fk&te. been a subject of controversy for f*eswly a century, have been at last finally ^Mr-tiled by the award of The Hague It is a cause of special satisfac- tion that it has been found possible to ,th'e. by arbitration, problems of such an intricate and difficult nature, and that the ,;¡:¡-\vr.d lias been received on both sides in a, .spirit which must tend to increase good- ■wiH I recently entrusted to my uncle, the Dttke of Connaugbt. the mission of open- ing the first Parliament of the Union of ••Jt&uth Africa—a ceremony which it was in- ieiM&ed that I should myself perform. It ■Jut pg earnest hope that under the leg-is- hl.i' which he has inaugurated South tf riev will continue to advance in luippi- t<tfc«s and prosperity. In my Indian Empire, further effect has "itfen given to the scheme of administra- -tive reform authorised by the Indian 71Hwi! Act of lDOn. by the creation of an Es.«eutive Council for the Province of ftengal. .}iTJ,EME" OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS,— .1. xiote with satisfaction the liberality .1fith vhioh you have provided for the re- --■ynrem«nts of the year, including the in- grants for the Navy and the addi- tional expenditure upon Old Age Pensions „,« £ »nstv|n cot upon the removal of the ifwivpifr disqualification at the close of the; ;<b":C'Jt year. 1 thank you for the arrangements yon. "tiave made for the maintenance of the i fwwtojiir and dignity of the Crown. LORDS, AKD GBNTMS'MKN,— jsegret that the Conference which toot •tfffeiie with a. view to arriving at a solution ttxe recurring difficulties between the .-pra Houses of Parliament has failed to ro,e to an agreement. am gratified that you have passed into w Acts dealing with the Regency, t'he form of the Declaration required do be made by the Sovereign on his acees- n, o' I thank you for the zeal with which you ii&ve carried out your duties, and I prav -ill at the blessing of Almighty God may 11.])011 your labours. Parliament was then formally prorogued, new one will assemble on January 31.
POISONED BY ALCOHOL. | At Westminster on Monday a verdict of h from pneumonia consequent ou Mtt4 alcoholic poisoning, caused by di'ink- ■4&ff a quart bottle of chartreuse/' was re- at an inquest on the body of an un- jtftHtifu'd man. A police-constable said that early last morning lie found the deceased vlyittg intoxicated in Duke-street, St. itfgpg's, and took him into custody. About it tÜ,2ellt yards away from him wad a broken feotti# which had contained chartreuse. A <Wi»« merchant's window near by had been Ifcrokeri and two bottles taken out of the ■friKulow. # Inspector Ferris said that in the hospital the &? ceased described himself as William 43r&ys%e Porter, a saddler, of Cross-street, 1 JJUU^rn, but he was not known at that
'LADY OF TITLE" SENTENCED. Alice Muriel Salmon wan at Birmingham tfbc1- Km Monday sentenced to six months* iafeoiir for obtaining food by false pro- The allegation was that she hp.d as the granddaughter of an earl, and Hi some day her children would ba the richest in Europe. By these means several •*irr uineham landladies had been defrauded. ||r. Justice Bmjknill: I notice the indict- •- J',t measures 8'J yards of parchment. (Jl1 flsd for the defence called the prison ,br. who said the woman had given him tJi0 impression that she believed the state- Jttjp&tft she had made. Ris lordship said lie wa satisfied • that fjfeh'-y-m had lwell getting a living by telling tissue of falsehoods. I
AVIATOR IN PERIL. v. F. S. Cody. who is flying at Aldor- .jk&b for the prize offered. for the greatest .JIfg.gat-e distance covered by an all-British jwroplaive in. England during 1910, had a a2rrovr escape on Monday while flying over L.tru,Q.'j't Plain. Re had been up for half an hour, with .4=el of his mechanics as passenger, when one ,of his two petrol tanks began leaking freely. tack is some distance behind the .Aviator's .seat, and the leakage was not Jtotie* for some minutes Petrol was pour- ittg out in a steady stream when the JlWt'J.amc drew Mr. Cody's attention to it. Tn machine wa.5 then" 200ft. high, and was in danger of catching fire from the engines. Xr. Cody at once stopped the engines aI. d ttlaiiHl down, alighting easily aud without damage.. 9
"He. took me to elect ion meetings and other ci amusement," said a girl at Bangor 'olieo-comt. :English grown Christmas trees are now on &t Covent Garden. English holly is ,:Marc(*" but supplies arc expected shortly from
n POPULAR SCIENCE. J BKK STINGS FOR RHKI'JJ ATISM. 1.)r. P. II. Mabcrly relates an experience •WJT!I a number of severe cases of rheumatism winch refused to respond to any of the usual methods of treatment and in which bee stings gave relief. In elderly people he starts with about six stings for the first three applica- tions, and then increases *he number gradu- ally up to a couple of dozen. 'The siings should remain in for a few minutes before removing them. He concludes from his ex- perience that this remedy, if ifc does not effect a complete cure, gives relief in almost hope- less cases. FOR FARMERS. Feeding from a common nosebag* a horse must toss bis head to get all the grain. This causes considerable waste, as some of the grain is thrown out. A new invention is in- tended to adjust the bag to the nose of the house as the grain is eaten away. It consists of hras tubes, one of which telescopes in thb other. An ocen coil spring is placed in such I ADJUSTABLE NOSKBAG. i way as to draw the tubes together. One of these devices is placed in the strap of the nosebag on each side of the horse's head. In the sketch is shown the horse starting to eat from his portion of feed, and also how he completes his meal without having to toss his head. The tension of the springs is ad- justed so as to keep the level of the gram: against the horse's mouth at all times. MAKING WATCH BALANCE WHKELS. As the balance wheels of watches, if made of one metal, would expand and contract with changes of temperature, and thus run slower or faster according to the degrees of heat, they must be made of different kinds of metals, having different degrees of expansion with the same increase of temperature. In this manner the effect of changes of tempera- ture on the running of a watch is almost entirely eliminated. To determine the ex- pansibility of the metals employed an instru- ment, called a dilatometer is used, in which a system of delicate levers or a chain of gear wheels magnifies the motion of a pointer over a scale hundreds of times. The change in the length of a, piece of steel caused by a single degree of rise or fall of temperature is clearly measured by it. 2 LIGHT FOR THE DnOWNINtL Our sketch of the very latest device for life-saving at 'sea shows an interesting de- velopment. When sailors and ocean pat sen- gers are thrown into the sea, no matter how strongly they may be able to swim, the dark- noss is always a tremendous drawback. The new lifebuoy, however, will remove this terror, for immediately it touches the water the lamp with which it is fitted is automatic- ally lighted, and sheds a cheering ray for a r THE NEW LIFEBUOY. considerable distance. It guides as well as cheers, for others in danger can see where support is to be had, and the buoy will keep some nine or ten people afloat. Another great advantage is that passing vessels are more likely to observe that help is wanted, and it is the firm opinion of our seamen that this now self-lighting lifebuoy wili be the means of saving many lives from drowning. FEVER MICROBES. A medical lecture on the microbe of re- current fever was recently given by the aid of some of the newest cinematograph films. First of all, a view was given of a scientist's laboratory, with two doctors busily engaged in examining bacilli through a micro-scope, Suddenly, from a corner of the room,'a lively chimpanzee bounds upon one of the tables, but the doctors seize him, with the object of using him as a fearful example. They inocu- late him with the microbe of recurrent fever. Then a switch of the cinematograph shows a magnified drop of his blood, with the fever microbes chasing each other through it. The next moment shows the pathological effect of the inoculation upon the monkey himself. The p<wr animal that before was so lively now begins to pine. He can eat nothing, and thirsts for cooling drinkfi. The fever takes its usual course, now raging in all its fury, and now leaving ths patient in his normal state again. At this point the doctor comes along oncc more and applies to the inocu- j lated one the proper course of treatment. Soon the effects begin to show themselves. The microbes no longer run revel through the magnified drop of blood, but lie down like slain soldiers on a battlefield. The ] monkey revives, and begins to play his 1 pranks again.
) — The Belfast Port Sanitary Inspector reported that while searching for a defect in the tele- phone communication he discovered two young swans, one entangled in the wiree being dead, t and the ether with broken wings in a, dying con- ditian; also a dead woodcock.
OTHER MEN'S MINDS. I If we have ugly feelings towards anybody else we call these feelings righteous iiidi- nation; but their real name is temper.—- I IIKV. T. W. OAMIESON. FIRST COST CHEAPEST. It is better to spend a shilling to save youth than be taxed a sovereign to keep hint when he reaches social perdition.-— WILLIAM WAKINSKAW. ¡ LEFT BEHIND. Other countries have stolen a march upon us, not so JnlHJh in the production of en- gineers, nor yet in the production of purely commercial men, but. in the development of a type of man who combines the qualities of both.—JIB. RAILING. THE NO FLY AGE. I Wo are living in an age of progress, and soon, no doubt, a dwelling-house with fliefi in it will be regarded as a plague spot.— AIR. W. E. CO LUNG E. A VERY DIFFERENT THING. I There is a great deal of difference between a man's h: st offence and his being caught for the first time.—- JUSTICE AVOBT. KCT SO MUCH NUMBER ONE. If people thought less about their own digestions and more about the welfare of other people it would be a, healthier and a happier world.— SLOAN CHESSKR. MUDDLING THROUGH. In many ways we are a "muddle-along" nation, and we are a little conscious of not I being so fareful with our money, our time, and our material as we ought to be.— Ml. H. W. TAYLOR. THE IMPORTANT THING. A country that really wishes to progress does not run down differences of opinion, but tries to discover what truths there are in the opinions of those who differ.— MAHARAJA GAKEWAU. CHEEK BY JOWL. The proximity of extreme wealth and ex- treme poverty gives a sting to the contrast betv.een the situation. of the rich and the poor.— OF MANCITBSTBB,. ¡ THE DANGER OP SELFISHNESS. Life is very rapid, exacting, and engross- ing, and there is a danger of isolation, a danger of men and women living not quite enough for others.— NOBMANBY. A DEFECT IN EDUCATION. Our general education is far too much de- veloped on the purely. liLerary side, and our boys are brought up too much to look for- ward to cheap brain ltbour.- A. J. HOBSON. TOO MUCH SYSTEM. While I am a firm believer in method. I am equally convinced that danger rather than security, in the long run, reposes in making automatons of either men or women. -MR. C. E. TOWN. THE BASIS OF PATRIOTISM. It is upon an appreciation of the efforts made by individuals and parties to achieve our religious and civil liberty, and to main- tain and preserve it, that patriotism pro- perly res ts.- ESHER. THE WATCHWORD. The watchword of British public schools is, "Oh! do shut iip." It is said to everyone who boasts, but more often it is the boy, who has Won everything, and is receiving compliments, who says, "Oh! do shut up."— MB. G. WINDHAM, M.P. 1 IMPERIAL TRAMPS. More and more as I have studied the Colonial question have I come to the con- elusion that this question of closer communi- cation is at the coot of the matter a* regards the closer union of the Empire. I think, therefore, that every ship that carries a pas- senger or carries a ton of goods, whether she liiea the blue ensign or the red ensign, is doing work for the Empire, probably leas stately and dignified than if she was flying the white ensign, but a really Imperial work.-— or Casws. • « t ANGLO-SAXONS. It seems as though the principle of arbi- t tration between Gtc:Ü Britain and America has become almost incorporated with the laws of the land, and it is very difficult for anY of us to conceive a situation in which there could be anything but amity between the two nations. There niav have heen many mutual criticisms, but while differing per- iiaps on nonre-SRentials they are agreed on I the great essentials of government and pro- gress.— MURDOCH. SilE DOES. Woman has becomc more and more sincere as she has ascended the social scale. Far from hypocritically endming her "in- feriority," she openly claims her rights.— JUAN FINOT. THE MARGINAL NOTE. If only thev knew how full a judge's note- book is of the marginul note, "Drink," the public would be amazed.— JUSTICE BCCKNILL. SHAKY FOUNDATIONS. The great discontent of a number of people with the conditions under which they lire affects not only the. felicity but the stability of the State.- OF MÁ. CHESTER.. X MAKING CITIZENS. The main object of education is to prepare the youth of the country fqi- the duties of citizenship and for giving good judgment on I -,I R. ru. ■ questions of State.- W lh.1T, I
A BOOK OF BALLADS. "Ballads from the Danish and Original Verses is the title given by E. M. Smith- Dampier to a slim volume published by Alr, Andrew Melrose. There are more translatione thasa original verses, and both parts of the book contain #me good work. The author knows the need for simplicity and directness in ballad-making u The Chief led forth his Hieiandnien Wi' pipes a' sounding shrilI- And the gift he got was the grisly axe, Red-wet on Tower Hill." That is a. verse from the "Ballad of London Town," a song of the 'Forty-Five.
A STORY OF CHILDHOOD. There is always room for good stories of child life, and at this time of year a warm welcome wili certainly be accorded to "Little Jenny Jarrold (Melrose. 5s.), whose story is told by S. G. Arnold. Little Jenny was one -of nine, and a charming child. The author writes with uncommon knowledge of, and «vm- pathv with, childhood. and has given us a tale which will charm children of all ages up to eighty or thereabouts.
THAT'S LOGIC! In a time of political turmoil sueii as we are at present passing through, rhetoric is con- siderably more to the fore thau logic, and those who attend party meetings it is to be feared, more heated eloquence than accurate reasoning. The moment 1, therefore opportune for the appearance of a book like "Logic for the Million" (Werner Laurie, 6s. net.). This is a newly-edited edition of Mr. J. W. Cili)al.t"o j very valuable book, revised and brought up to date by Mr. T. Sharper Knowlson, author of j "The Art of Thinking." Logic is considered by most people (and certainly most, text-books do i their best to justify the opinion) a supremely I. dry and unattractive science, but Mr. Sharper Knowlson has made it interesting and given it life. He goes thoroughly into the science of reasoning, from examples, from analogy, front statistics, by syllogism—and illustrates prin- ciples by effective and interesting examples from well-known writers and from the politi- cal and social discussions of the period. He has aimed to bring the science of reasoning out of the atmosphere of the class room into the arena of daily life, and lie has succeeded uncommonly well. It would not be a bad idea if "the quiet voter," about whom we hear a i good deal at thif time, were to get this book, and study it with a view to detecting the fallacies in the arguments which are going on all around him. i
I AEROPLANES AND WAR. j In the "Review of Reviews," Mr. Stead sag- gests that one effect of the aeroplane will be to abolish war altogether. The most promising field of aerial warfare (he pointe out) is the simple dropping of bullets from above. There is no need for the high, flier to fire at the troops nmseed below. 1-fe, only needs to drop bullets overboard, and if be is 1.000 yards aloft each bullet will have velocity of 400 feet per s-econd when it strikes the earth. Even now every good aeroplane can 9 carry 4,000 rifle bullets. If the fifty aeroplanes; in the French Army were to be employed to sow bullets over an enemy's camp they could, in the course of half a dozen trips, drop over a million bullets on the most vulnerable parts of their opponents. They would signal out for attack the headquarters, the reserves, the camps, and all places but the-firing line where the troops are scattered. It will be of no avail, firing at them, for the bullets fired up into the j air will come down again on those who fired them in quite as deadly a shower a« those dig- charged by the enemy. As a means of destruc- tion, the" aeroplane promises to achieve the deadliest results. And as no one can use the r aeroplane as a means of conquest, but only as i a means of destruction, I am more and more convinced that it will be the most efficient i means by which the old system of war on Rea i and land will be broken up. Civilisation will ere long come to see that the aeroplane will make an end of armies altogether.
FIGHTING ADMIRALS. Old boys and young boys and plenty of girls too* i will be delighted with Mr. John Harnett1* Fight- I ing Admirals (Smith Eider) which tells the story of splendid sea lights, in the daya when nobod;, in this island of ours was ever troubled by naval scares. Mr. Barnett writes vividly and pictur- esquely, and he knows how to nmVe his readers thrill with admiration of his sea heroes. Wliqt a list it is Edward Plant,agenet—" the King of the 8ea"~Raleigh, Hawkins, Biake Prince itupert, Myngs, Sho vel, Ben bow, (these three ri-en from the ranks) Rodney, Codrington, and tit,. rest. Mr. Barnett does not write biof^nbif, or nwal histories; his method is to describe in glowing 1 language a crowded hour of glorious life in the career of each of his heroes. A very excellent method it is, and has given us a fine book of a character which makes an irresistible appeal to all Britons.
A STORY FOR GIRLS. Miss Aihy Le Feuvre is well-known M a writer of wholesome and high-toned stories for girls, and in "Jojce and the Ilambier (Hodder and Stoughton) she tellw a talc which is sure to be popular with her large circle of readers. Joyces Dlother makes a second marriage, and the girl is introduced to a number of itep-rt who iike her about as little as tlhe likes them. Before this happens, however, she and a friend, on a caravan- ning tour, meet the Rambler, an ijrtist, who after- wards plaYH a considma.ble plwt in the story. Ha turns out to be a person of botile importance and of course he marries Joyce. The story is freshly told, and may be commended to those who like a tale in which there is a strong religious element,
THE CHRISTMAS NUMBERS. With the very attractive Christmas number of "Black and White" are presented two plates-Frank Dicksee's famouR picture, "The Ideal," in colours, and a photogravure of "The Rose," by Maurice Randall. There are excel- lent stories by well-known writers. Ladv readers will find "The Lady" a budget of good things. Amongst other interesting articles may be mentioned one on "Christinas in the Great Houses of To-day." One of the features of "The Lady's Rp.itm" double num- her is the ciloiidir," illustrsited by charming portraits in colour. The stories and -s"rictus are excellent. The chief feature of the. "London" is a long seasonable story by (I. in his best style. The question of India is also prominent, for in addition to Are article on the Mutiny by Mr. F. A. Mackew-je, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle tells t'he st.P" what happenad to ancient Britain when t guar- dian power of Rome was withdrawn.
i r Gootyngiad yn y Pris. I MAP Y RHOS A'R Llyfr Achau 74 MLYNEDD YN OL. Mae y Map a'r Llyfr jn ddyddorol iawn, i r-hari sydd yn csanlyn Rhos a'i illnes Hen. Pris y Map a'r Ltyfr, 116. Y Map yn unig, I'w cael yo SWYDDFA'R 'HERALD.' BIBLE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS English and Welsh Bibles and Testaments Sold at the marvellouslly Cheap prices of the Society. A, Large Stock always ob hand at R. MILLS & SONS, Herald Office, Rho& Iro MOTHERS. MRS. wixsww's Soothing Syrup Has usted 60 5WU"I" by milium* of mothers for their tihiidreft while U; Lhinp., with perfeet success. H BOOTH BS th child. ALLAYS -i AIN, cure* Wt.'ec <-?< ad is THE BEST RAWDJ FOV I>IAK«H<EA. COBTAJKS K3 PQISOMSUS INGREDIENT. Apia by an Csj.4i3.iEts tn il 6ôt.a' bofitla. TO JOG YOUR MEMORV jm F. GOOD PRINTING Is an ea*eiitial to-day. Too of are measiired by the quality. of yoci OFFICIC STATION$B% ClBCULAES, and Adverciåt;" r Matter generally. Have y90 aver tbought of this ? ,.f; R. MILLS & SONS PRINTERS Sc., Herald Office, Rhos. ) r IMPORTMT TO MOTHERS iK ^nj Every mother who waluee the Health and W? Gi«aioliQ«*e of be* eb»»d alioald usu A HARRISON'S V r "&&;« pomade, r AI One ftpplic^fctoa kilSe Nits find Vermin, r fl9 b««utifi.oa and ei»-«ni;tLen« tlie Hair. f W la Tine, 4J4. t 3-1. i'oPtase Id. y A SOLD V,T CBUM»ST8. A Insist oti- havinft HARRISON'S POMADE. W MO W. KMSIM m*m BEAWNQ. W D. Evasis, Chemist, Rhos Rowlands & Co.( Chcmisis, Ruabon