RHOS. PERSONAL.—Mr James Hughes, Bryn- tirion, has completed Part I of the Bar Examinations. PRIMROSES.—Mr David Davies, Moun- tain-street, has several primroses bloom- ing in his ga'den this week. DRAUGHTS.—The Rhos Liberal Draught Club visited the Wrexham Barracks Club on Tuesday last, and succeeded in win- ning eleven games out of twelve. On Wednesday the Conservative 4 iub visited Rhos, when jthe Liberal Club were again successful by 7 to 5. Up to ihe present, the champion of the League is Mr Ed Charles, who has not yet suffered defeat, although pitted against the best men of the other clubs. HILL-ST LI FBKARY SOCIETY.-The sub- ject of an interesting dlcusion at lilt: Hill-street Literary Society on Thursday evening w.<s 44 Reading and Observation as a means of acquiring knowledge." A paper on 41 Reading 'J was read by Miss Annie Hughes, and another on 41 Obser- vation by Mrs W. R. Hughes. The discussion was continued by Messrs Eb- en Pritchard, T. Davies, and others. WOMEN'S TEMPERANCE SOCIETY.—The annual meeting of the Rhos and Ponkey Branch of the North Wales Women's As- sociation, was held at the Maelor Res- taurant on Wednesday afternoon. Mrs J. Howell presided. An able address was given by Mrs Atbert Jones, Ruabon. Mrs W. R. Hughes read her report. So- Jos were sung by Miss Mary Davies, and recitations were given by Miss Jennie Davies and Miss Evelyn Jones. The fol- lowing were the officers appointed for the year President, Mrs W. R. Hughes, treasurer, Mrs Isaac Smith, secretary, Miss Nina Price, committee, Mesdames lsfryn Williams, J Howell, W Price, R. T. Thomas. Wvnn Davies, Peter Price, J. P. Gough, E. Mitchell, J. Owens, J. H", Thomas, B. Williams, Bellis (Smith-st), Jones, (Anghorfa) Thomas, (Fennant-rd, B. Jones, R. Roberts (Post Office) Davies (Glasgow House) Hughes, (Stanley rd) Johnson and Evans, (Johnstown), the Misses Howell Harris Hughes, Frances Jones, Clarke, Sephton, Forrester, and Ensign Hill,
'WL)e 90S <$eraC&. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER, 5, 1910. NOTES AND JOTTTINGS. + Strikes of Long Ago. There is every probability of a strike in the South Wales coalfield. miners were idle on Tuesday, and it is feared the number will be increased. The trouble is about the working of a seam in the Cambrian pits, Clydach Vale, and the other collieries are out in sympathy. The news of a Welsh miners7 strike recalls the days when this district was in the throes of a sixteen weeks' strike. Hen of ideas. Who is it that does not remember the big Rhos strikes of long ago ? Besides .the many horrors and hardships always attendant upon strikes, there took place many incidents which showed the miner to he a man of ideas and initiative. It has been said that wherever a large number of men work under a master, they in time lose all individuality and initiative. Their very duty compels them to work in a groove, and a groove is the grave of initiative. The private soldier, as well as the mill-hand or miner, they say, become mere mechanical devices of labour. How- ever much this may be true of other workers, it is assuredly not true of the average Rhos miner. Look at the initia- tive they displayed during former strikes. Many of them who had not written a line of poetry in their lives, blossomed into song writers. Others who had not ven- tured to sing in public, kept the cupboard lull by turning their naturally rich voices into coin of the realm. Those who did 'I1ot leave their hemes were equally busy. Everyone who owned a back garden dug in it for coal, and some dozens of small pits were sunk on the Grango Common, where a surface seam of coat was said to be found. Thus in many different ways did the men keep body and soul together, until the news of a settlement saw them back in the collieries. There were sever- al however, who did so well in their vent- ures, that the pits saw them no more. One or two are to-day large cCtaI mer- chants in Lancashire one is a successful milk purveyor in London and many have built snug businesses of their own in different parts of the country, Welsh Folk-son?*. We are gflad to nnderstmrd the Wrexham National Ki-i»ed<Jfod i- ;oing to encourage \Vd..h folksong by offering a prize for the best collection. There are a good many local folksong hidden in the memory of the oUlesr Rhosites, scraps of which are to be b, xrd now and then. In- j teresting lectures live this week been given on the subject by Mr Harry Evans at Denbigh, and n. Lloyd Williams at Si,l,icbester. *I,lr Evans said that the j jbymn-tune had usurped the p'ice of trae national song in Wales. Referring to the work of Welsh composers, he said that in spite of the fact of their bdrfcf con- sidered a great musical nation, Welsh composers had contributed nothing that had gone outside the borders of Wales. Dr Williams referred t(\ the important place birds played in Wel,b folksong. The blackbird. the cuckoo, the dove, and the seagull figined amongst their- prom- inently. v.í Our Public Sail. Periodically we have mentioned that the Public Hall is not exactly a thing of beauty, and is certainly not a source ot much joy to the shareholders. When did the shareholders have the pleasure of handling dividends tast ? The building, despite the improvements (?) carried out some years ago, is as bleak and bare and unromantic as a disused barn. The only occasion upon which it looks picturesque is when a bazaar or a ball is held there and even then the ingenuity of the pro- motors is heavily taxed to hide and keep the ugliness away. We have by now, I however, become so familiar with the Public Hall as it is, that its appearance ,be not seem to be so bad to us as it does to an outsider. To a newcomer the vJace is startlingly uncouth, almost bar- t»3rr >us, The Hall evidently must have iippea.-ed so to the Rev Wynn Davies, who presided at a concert there 00 Wed- «iesdjy evening;. He could be seen glanc- ÂUK at the darkened windows and the trlerr'j walte with a rather puzzled ex. pression on his faee. Later on he ex- ^pressed his surprise that this unprepos jessing building was the best Hnu Rhos CHJlÓ troa-tt of-a building which pesses- €d not the slightest claim to beauty of structure or any attempt at artistic itdocn- -Every newcomer has to submit to the slow and painful disillusionment when he takes up his abode in Rhos, First of all the trret surprise hiir., the stagger him, his sense of symmetry 'in* a rude shock when he sees so group's of unlovely houses; and -then comes the last straw in the shape Of #r,r?g ruled by the very crudest torn-, of Kl-gorRBorent—the Parish Coitnc(«. Chapels, Public Houses, Football. In a discussion on Church and Amuse- ments, at the quarterly meeting of the North Wales Methodists this week, the fact was mentioned that in Wales there were but two institutions that made an appeal to young people-the church and the public house. Football was also men- tioned as being a means of luring young people from the paths of rectitude.—The question of amusements has exercised the minds of religious leaders for some time now, and while some are for, others are against, the idea of agsociating the church with amusements. The church feels that something ought to be done to attract the young people, but it has not yet made up its mind as to whether the countenancing and encouraging of phys- ical exercise and mental recreation lie within the province of its duty, On this point, the Rev T. C. Williams, who is vice-chairman of a football club at Menai Bridge, observed that he fully agreed that the young men of this country ought to be shown that the excessive pursuit of amusements was proving a serious men- ace to us in the competition with other countries. Another minister, the Rev W Thomas, said that a great improvement had taken place in the language and gen- eral behaviour of football teams and their followers in North Wales. Ho had been more than once on the local football field, and he was glad to bear testimony to the entire absence of objectionable language there.In our own district, football makes a strong appeal to the young peo- ple of Rhos, as witnes3 the large num- bers who flock to the Rhos Rangers' ground every Saturday. There is a wide gap betweeu the church and football in Rhos, and whilst the attitude of the local churches is one of scorn towards the sport and its partisans, the same bitter- ness is flung back by followers of the pas- time. The Rev Wynn Davies, however, in his speech at the Liberal Club last week, has shown a sympathy not hither- to known in Rhos. Already his remarks have helped to make the attitude of the two factions less bitter.
Working Men's Dwellings Wanted Although the town of Prestatyn as a health resort has rapidly developed the growth has been mainly in the direction of villa residences, and there is a dearth of houses su table for the working class. At the monthly meeting of the Ijrban Council on Monday night Mr Inglefield urged upon his colleagues the necessity of steps being taken to erect workmen's dwellings, and he further pointed out that a petition recently presented to the Council was signed by every medical mnn in the place and by the majority of the ministers of i-eigion -classes who from the nature of their calling visited the homes of the workers and knew the con- ditions under which they lined. He moved that, steps be at once taken to ascertain I, what sites were available for workmen's dwellings, and the Council unanimously agreed to the proposal.
WREXHAM POISONING CASES. DISCLOSURE OF THE OFFICIAL REPORT. -0- MEDICAL OFFICERS' VIEWS. At a meeting of the Wrexham Rural Dis- trict Council yesterday the recommendation ofjthe Health Committee thatfthe press should have access to the reports of the experts who had been engaged in making investigations into the cause of the recent ptomaine poison- ing outbreak at Wrexham led to a long dis- cussion, Mr G CfottMf, chairman of the Health Committee, complained that they had been subjected to very haish and cruel criticisms respecting their conduct in reference to the experts' reports, without any cause. They merely objected to the reports being made public until they were satisfied that they would not lay themselves open to an action in consequence of publication. Now that they were satisfied that no liability would attach to them in consequence of the publi- cation of the reports, they were glad that the press should see them. He proposed, in accordance with the resolution of the Health Committee, that the reports be open to the press. Mr H Williams (Brymbo) seconded the resolution. The Chairman (Mr C Morris) said they had been charged with hiding certain things which the reports contained, but that was not true, and it was very wrong to make such charges. They were quite willing that all the vital parts of the reports should be mare public from the first. The Wrexham Town Council had now decided to allow the press to see the reports and publish what they thought the public ought to know. He thought that was a wrong course' It ought to have been left to their own expert (the medical officer of health) to say what should be published:and what withheld. How- ever, he did not intend to oppose the resolu- tion moved by Mr Cromar. Professor J Share Jones said that some malignant individuals had endeavoured to make the public believe that that Council had tried to hush up the contents of the re- ports. The Council had tried to do nothing of the kind. They were perfectly willing tthat the reports should be published as soon as they were properly completed. Certain members of the YViexhamTown Council (in- clu .ing the Chairman of the Wrexham Health Committee) had also criticised the actions of the District Council in terms which were quite unfair and undignified. Dr S Edwards-Jones (chairman of the Wrexham Health Committee) defended the action of the Town Council and his own statements in reference to this question, but, if he had used any personal remarks which Mr Share Jones objected to, he would with- draw them. So far as the general question was concerned, however, he adhered to his previous utterances. The Clerk (Mr J Oswell Bury) read a let ter, dated October 31, from the Local Government Board acknowledging the re- ceipt of a report respecting the poisoning epi iemic from the Medical :Officer of Health (Dr D LI Williams), together with the results of the bacteriological investigations, and ex- pressing the Board's satistaction with the comprehensive nature of the inquiries institu- ted by the two Councils. The Board would be glad to be informed of the result of any further inquiries which might be made. The resolution of Mr Cromar was then put to the meeting and Jcarried, as was a further resolution congratulating Dr Williams Mr J Price Evans, engineer and sanitary surveyor, .\nd the other officials of the Coun- cil who hd assisted in making the investiga- tions, upon the success of their effoits to dis- cover the cause of the outbreak, and thank- ing them heartily for their services. Mr J Lee (Gresford) asked the chairman if it was a fact that some of the people who had suffered as a result of the outbreak were going about the district with books asking for assistance. The Chairman said he was, not aware of it. MEDICAL OFFICERS' REPORTS. Subsequent to the meeting of the Council, the medical officer was interviewed, and granted an inspection of his own report, and that of Professor W R Smith, of the Royal Institute of Public Health. In his own re- port the medical officer states that he visited the establishment where the pies were made on August 9th, the pies having teen made on August 5 and sold on August 6 The premises in which these pies were cooked could not be said to be quite satisfactory. The floor was paved partly with stone flags, and paitly with tiles The tiled part of the flooring was somewhat defective and very uneven in parts, making it difficult if not Im- possible to keep it as cleanly as such prem- ises should be. In fact, he noticed small pools of dirty water lying under a table plac- ed alongside a wall The tiles were also quite loose under the table, and more or less in other parts. Fifthy water was thus able to soak into the ground beneath. It WJS the custom to wash this floor once a week, and afterwatds to sprinkle it with sawdust. This had been done on Aug 4. He disap- proved of this method, as the sawdust could easily become contaminated by the boots of the workers carrying annimal matter, &c -from outside. When tbe sawdust was swept up, too, minute particles could easily settle on articles of food, &c. He was of opinion that such important premises, where food 1 was prepared on such a large scale, should be scrubbed daily, and kept scrupulously clean and neat. There was a sink in the corner of the bakehouse, the waste from which was conveyed by means of an inch and a quarter lead pipe, trapped, but this lead pipe was joined just below the trap above the floor level to a three-inch cast-iron pipe which was laid underneath the bake house floor, and discharged over a gully trap outside. He found this pipe choked up The connection between the lead pipe and the cast-iron pipe was certainly defective and inadequate, being merely filled with ce- ment, which had contracted and allowed free access to any pure gases from outside. Another thing he noticed at the time of his visit was the large number of flies in the bakehouse. He mentioned these defects as possible sources of contamination, though there was no evidence of such being the dase. The gravy for the pies was prepared by two persons, not in the bakehouse, but in another room, and it was made by mixing powdered gelatine and pepper and salt with water in a two gallon vessel. The gravy was poured into the pies after they had been baked, through an aperture in the top, made by means of a skewer. The cooks and ba- kers were unanimous in stating that none of the old stock of gravy was allowed to be used a second time, and any surplus was al- ways thrown away The evidence went to show, too, that great care was exercised in the manufacture of the pies 11 but," said the medical officer, we know from exper- ience that things now and again go wrong even in the best conducted bakehouses." The observed facts suggested that the harm- ful quality in the pies was acquired through the process of gravying. A supplementary report by Professor Wm R. Smith states that the further experiments which had been undertaken were now com- plete, and he was able to repoit that such experiments proved beyond all doubt that the organisms present in the samples of pies was the para-typhoid B. bacillus. And this was the cause of the illness and death of the persons who partook of the in- fected pies.
A Great Blow. Nothing can come as a greater blow to to a man than to be rejected by a Life Insurance Company through some insid- ious disease, such as cosumption, advanc- ed disease of the kidneys, or heart trou- ble. He enters the Insurance Offices feeling as well as ever he did in his life, perhaps, yet the the stringent medical examination reveals the presence of some dread disease. The sudden blow clouds the sunlight of his life, making the Outlook one of darkness and gloom, for it is only too well known that no Insurance Office ever rejects a man unless he is ieal- ly in a serious condition. Consequently it is seldom that anyone who has been re- jected for Life Insurance ever passes the the doctor afterwards. It will come, therefore, as welcome news to every one who has failed to pass a Medical Examin- ation, that Mr Waiker, of Braefoot Place Douglas, Lanark, N.B., who some years ago was rejected for Life Insurance through kidney disease, has now passed two Medical Examiners, having cured himself completely by a through course of Doan's Backache Kidney Pills Mr Walker now holds a policy in a well- known Lite Office, and is also insured in two Friendly Societies. A full report of his case is given in another column, and those who are interested may obtain a Handbook on Diseases of the Kidneys, from the Foster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells Street, Oxford Street, London, W., free of all charge.
v Fire at Penycae. -1"1- I -V-- POLICE COURT SEQUEL. Early on Sunday morning the farm buildings at Penybryn, Penycae, were found in flames by the occupier, Mr John Davies. The Wynnstay Fire Brigade were summoned, but though the firemen did their best, the buildings were gutted, and twelve ton of bay was destroyed. At Ruabon Police Court on Monday, John Price, Penycae, was charged with sleeping in a barn at Penybryn. P. S. Fox stated that when he asked prisoner to account for his movements, prisoner said "i slept in the outbuild- ings on Saturday night. I lit a candle which fell off a box and set fire to my shirt. I tried to put the fire out but fail- ed, I then went and shouted to Mr Davies, but ran away before he came down. John Davies, tenant of the farm, said he got up and found the buildings all on fire. He did not see the psisoner about. Prisoner was sent to gaol for two Z" months with hard labour.
The Carnarvon Choral Society, who won the prize in the chief choral competi- tion at the Welsh National Eisteddfod in London last year, has commenced to practise the test pieces for the chief choral competition at the Carmarthen National Eisteddfod next year. Their conductor, Mr John Williariis, has been requested to prepare the same choir to sing at the cere- mony of investing the Prince of Wales at the Castle next June.
REFUSED FOR LIFL INSURANCE BEFORE USING DOAN'S PILLS; PASSED BY TWO DOCTORS AFTERWARDS. I Mr. Willi an Waller, of Brae-foot- Place, Douglas, Lanark, N.B., who says- When I was stooping over at my vrovkf some years ago I was suddenly seized with 8- violent pain in my back. It completely crip- pled me, and I had to be helped home couldn't walk a step. During the next week or two I grew raptdU ly worse. The water was sandy and diflicult to" pass, although there was a repeated desire W relieve the bladder, and I had to keep getting up in the night. What with these disturbance and backache and rheumatic pains. I nofor knew what it was to get a good night's sleep. "I took bottle after bottle of the doctor'* medicine, but it was doing me no good, and foar three months I had to be idle, without any in." come— a serious matter for me, as I am Jt married man with four children. I was in a miserable frame of mind, feel*«$ £ convinced I should never get any better, whflM I happened to read about Doan's Backache Kidney Pills. I thought I might as well tff them, and to my great relief they soon seeraw to be doing me good. My back wasn't so bad,, I could stoop about more easily, and the limb# weren't so stiff and rheumatic. The watw" began to get clearer, and as I kept on with thor pills they gradually removed every trace of the kidney complaint and bladder weakness. That-was EIGHTEEN MONTHS AGO now, and ever since then there has been no eigW of my old trouble, and I have been keeping at work regularly. I get up every morning feel- ing fit and well, and think nothing of the eight miles I have to walk each day. I one my liiff to Doan's Pills, and cannot praise them 00ø' highly. Shortly before iriy breakdown I went to a dortor to be examined for Life Insurance, bat after a careful examination he paid I had kid4 ney (ii-scann, mid he could not pass me. YvT years before that I had been troubled occasion- ally with pains in my back, and many a t.im after starting out for work I have had to give up and come borne. My eyes. too. iised to b. baggy when 1 got up in the mornings, and tny feet swelled a great deal. Since Doan's Backache Kidney Pills enreu1 me. I have flgain been examined for Life Irwur- ance. by two doctors, and have passed splendid- ly both times, although the water was carefully tested for any trace of kiddpy now insured with, a well-known In-surai)!? Office and two Friendly Societies. (Signed) WILLIAM WALKER." No Medical Examiner will pass anyone ftr? Insurance who has the leant trace of kidney disease—for every doctor knows how serious this disease is, and how treacherously, kidne* poisons attack every vital organ of the body. Some of the symptoms that should make you* suspect your kidneys are Occasional twinge" of rheumatism,, backache, urinary disorders, thf" appearance of watery circles under the eyes, puffy ankles, cold hands and feet, gravel, and e, constant drowsy feeling. If you have any of these symptoms, begin a, thorough course of Doan's backache Kidney Pills, and at the same time do all you can tt1" raise the tone of the system by strict attention' to diet and the laws of health. Doan's Pillr" stand the highest because of their lasting cures" of even serious cases of kidney diseases. 2/9 a box. H boxes 13,n; of all dealers, or' direct, post free, from the Foster McClellan Co., 8, Wells Street, Oxford Street, London, W. Be sure you get the same pills as Mr Walke* had.
To succeed Dr. Daiiford Thomas as coroner" for the central disf riet of J,A x, the* Middk-srx County (A; sui! 1::1 .11 <• ;1 "Jr" George Cohen. «>1 i! >■■i.nf.-n v. ) iH'i.iitwui tc* being a lnedu-al •racl'il i-.niei- IK* is n. barrister. The Cr.ui r (,f APi> ccit,iirnie<l judgment dmoU-lm* the UUKUI of. p*t. aad Ideo- graph serv:m; x:> g it ••• of l."> 'hi each im-niiicr i.f <■■■ auT.i; e.