MUNICIPAL MILK DEPOTS. Finsbury's Trial Declared a Failure. How to reduce the terrible death-rate among infants has been the great problem of our leading medical men for the past twenty years, and our Public Health bodies all over the country have attempted to grapple with the question, by various methods that have been suggested as suit- able to the respective localities. Many of our scientific experts have declared that want oE proper feeding and nourishment has been the chief cause of the vast slaughter among the children in the poorer districts, and in order to improve the conditions under which the infants of the most destitute class are reared, some of our local authorities have arranged to establish milk depots within their area, in which prepared or modified cows' milk can be secured at a nominal price by necessitous parents. In London, four Boroughs have estab- lished such depots on a somewhat large scale, and the question has now been pertinently asked at the Council of the Borough of Finsbury, whether milk depots do, in reality, fulfil what their upholders and advisers claimed for them. The four places where milk depots exist, in London, are Finsbury, Battersea, Lambeth and Woolwich, and in all the four the rate- payers have had a considerable charge placed upon them in order to maintain these municipal attempts at playing the charitable hosts. The Finsbury Borough Council is a strong body of business men, and it was only to be expected that any department that showed such a great loss as the milk depot should come under the consideration of its members. A long enquiry has been held by the Public Health Committee of the district, and facts have been gathered from all the Boroughs in London, and so general was the feeling of wastage in connection with the whole matter, that the committee recommended, upon the information thus received, that the milk depots be abolished and a system of Health Visitation be formed in its place. When the matter came up for public discussion at the Council on Thursday, 4th inst., a huge crowd was present to watch the proceedings. From the report issued, as well as from the speeches that were delivered at the Council on Thursday, it is sad to confess that the poorer classes have made but very little use of the depot, In December last (the last month covered by the report) its average was but 49 cases per week. Taking into consideration that there were 2916 births registered during the year, it was felt that the depot had failed in the object for which it was established, and that the number of cases were so few as not to have any material effect on the percentage of the infantile mortality, which in Finsbury was shown to be higher for 1908 than for the preceding year. Small wonder then that Alderman Tripp (Chairman of Public Health Committee) should at the last meeting, propose the recommendation of his Committee, that the Municipal Milk Depot be discontinued at the end of March next, when the contracts expire. The worthy Alderman, in a lengthy speech, showed very marked ability, and great care in the tedious duty of compiling such a multiplicity of figures. He was able to to convince the majority on the Council of the wisdom of the Committee's conclusions, and thereby carrying the recommendation by a large majority. t It was shown that the depot had cost the ratepayers about £1,500 for the three years, and a similar loss was shown in the Battersea returns, made a year or two ago, where it showed that every quart of milk sold at 4d. per qt. had cost the ratepayers lOd. per qt.—in other words a loss of 6d. on every quart sold. It will be interesting to watch the actions of the other Boroughs after this, and medical men will have to discover other methods before the infantile death-rate can be effect- ively reduced. Finsbury's step has indeed been a bold one, and looks like an effort to curtail all attempts at the municipalization of any trade or supply.
To London Welsh Liberals. ASSOCIATION OF WELSH LIBERALS IN LONDON. A meeting will be held in the Conference Room of the National Liberal Club (by kind permission of the Committee of the Club) on Tuesday, 16th February, at 8 o'clock p.m., to consider the report of the provisional Com- mittee appointed for the purpose of forming a London Welsh Liberal Association. All Welsh Liberals are invited to attend.
FOOTBALL NOTES. LONDON WELSH v. OXFORD UNIVERSITY. The London Welsh placed a very fine side on the field on Saturday last at West Ham to play the Dark Blue XV. The latter have been going great guns this season, and up to Saturday had been defeated only by the Australians It was unfortunate that owing to the International at Edinburgh, and through accidents, they were unable to place their best side out, but very few of the spectators present thought of a victory for the Welshmen, who have not been quite up to their past form this season, but on Saturday they produced form good enough to defeat any team in England, and very few in Wales would have been able to defeat them on the day's play. The weather was splendid, and the largest crowd of the season gathered at West Ham. The Welsh played with the sun behind them at the start, and against the very light wind that was blowing the first ten minutes. Their playing was very even then the homesters got going, and very quickly scored three tries (Maddocks 2, J. F. Williams 1), Harding converting one. The Welsh lost the services of H. C. Evans, outside half, after the 2nd try was scored, he having the misfortune to dislocate his elbow. Richards from back then went half, and A. F. Harding became custodian. Oxford for the first time became dangerous, and got over the Welsh 25, where they were quickly given two penalty kicks for offside play by J. C. Jenkins and Alexander and Hands kicked two goals for them. The 7 Welsh forwards soon took play back to the Oxford line, and J. C. Jen- kins scored a very fine try from a clever burst. During the second half, the Welsh with the wind, quickly made tracks for the Oxford line, and Vivian dropped a goal; Maddocks was soon over with a try, which was followed by one by J. C. Jenkins, another by T. R. Jenkins and two by Maddocks Richards kicking three goals. The Welsh were penalised during the last few minutes through not playing the ball, and Hands again kicked a good goal for Oxford. The final whistle went soon after- wards, with the Welsh leading by 5 goals, 1 dropped, 5 tries (39 points) to 3 penalty goals (9 points). The Welsh to a man played grandly; Maddocks was superb, and Adams his centre was great. Vivian was immense, while J. C. Jenkins, T. R. Jenkins and J. F. Williams were easily the best forwards playing on the field, J. C. showing some of his form of two years ago, which is saying much. Harding did very fine work at back, and the Welsh can now look to their future games with thoughts of many victories. For Oxford, Rowbotham at back was their best man. Tarr, the English International centre, seemed very small beer when con- fronted by Adams; the halves were very badly beaten, and Blencowe, Honey, and the two Hands were the best of a badly beaten set of forwards. Next Saturday, the Welsh play the Old Merchant Taylors at West Ham kick off at 3 p.m. DRAGON."
MONDAY was an exceptionally springlike day in Wales. Oa the shores of Cardigan Bay the boatmen were busily overhauling their boats preparatory for summer. HITHERTO there has been no branch of the Anglican Church between Llanychaiarn and Aberystwyth but steps are now being taken to build one at Penyparke, a pictures- que hamlet familiar to scores of London Welshmen. LIVING was cheap in Cardiganshire in the year 1770. Here are some of the prices current at the period Beef 2 £ -d. per lb., 2 mutton ltd.. veal and pork 2d., geese 8d. or 2 Is., ducks 61., chicken 2d., barndoor fowl 4d. or 5d., butter 3d. a lb., cheese ljd., 2 eggs 10 a penny. On the other hand wages, of course, were low. For instance Labourer's wages 6d. a day and their own food, or 3d. a day with their vicuals. Car- penters got 6d. or 8d. and victuals, or Is. with no vicuals masons Is. and victuals, and tailors 6d. and victuals. WALES defeated Scotland in the Rugby match at Inverleith last Saturday, and look like becoming British Rugby champions this season again as, according to the prophets, they are practically certain to defeat Ireland at Swansea Last Saturday's match was not a very brilliant one, the play not being up to the usual Welsh standar d.
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