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"IS WELSH DYING OUT IN SOUTH WALES"? (BY T.F.L.). As one who has resided in South Wales for 12 years, and, during that period, visited all parts of the district in a business capacity, I claim to speak with some authority on this important and timely subject. In Monmouthshire there is a very notice- able decrease, especially in the Ebbw Vale, Brynmawr, and Pontypool districts, but in the Rhymney district there is certainly no decrease. Indeed, there is no locality in Wales which clings more tenaciously to the ancient language than the people of Rhymney and adjacent villages. In Swansea town there is not much Welsh spoken, but at Morriston, Ystalyfera, Ystrad- gynlais, and Llansamlet, in the neighbour- hood the Cymric tongue holds its own well. In Neath Welsh speaking has decreased, and, likewise, at Aberavon, but at Maesteg and Llysir and Ogmore valleys Welsh holds its ground. The Rhondda Valley also sticks well to Welsh, but there are signs of a decrease. For instance ninety per cent, of the children "played" in Welsh ten years ago; to-day there is nearly as much English, heard. This is an ominous sign. Still, the teaching of Welsh in the schools and the establish- ment of Welsh national societies is doing much to re-vitalise the language. Bridgend is as Anglicised as Brecon, the only Welsh spoken being by the visitors from the Llysir and Ogmore valleys. Llanelly like Rhymney, sticks well to Welsh. Moreover the Welsh heard at Llan- elly is superior to the Welsh spoken in many other places. Snobbery has killed Welsh at Porthcawl, but there is a fair amount to be heard in Barry. There is even less Welsh spoken at Cardiff than at Swansea. Nevertheless there is no doubt that there is more Welsh spoken in the Welsh Metropolis to-day than there was twelve or fifteen years ago, and the establish- ment of Welsh classes in the city is fraught with bright hopes for the future of the language here. Breconshire is becoming almost as Angli- cised as Radnorshire, where the peasantry speak only a rubbishy mixture of the open the gate for the ceffyl to go trwyddo type. Rural Radnorshire furnishes a startling result of wholesale Anglicising influences. At Aberystwyth town Welsh speaking is decreasing, but in the county the Cardi is as loyal to Welsh as the Rhymney and Llanelly working men are. Like Porthcawl and Brecon, snobbery is very much alive at Lampeter, where Dic- Shon-Dafydd is particularly rampant. Rural Carmarthenshire is as Welsh speak- ing as it ever was, but Caerfyrddin, like Lampeter, is also suffering from snobbery. It is a fact that the best educated Welsh- men, and the Welsh geniuses, come from the Welsh-speaking districts. This is no mere platitude, it is an indisputable fact patent to all who take the trouble to observe things. The moral is obvious.

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