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TARIFF REFORM MEETING AT LLANDUDNO. PRACTICAL ADDRESS BY COUN- CILLOR, JAMES. BROADHURST. At the Constitutional Club on Tuesday evening, Councillor James Broadhursii, of W'arringion, delivered an interesting lecture on Tariff Reform. Mr R. S. Chamberlain (president of the Club) presided, and in the course of his opening remarks, said that they had met that night to hear an address from one of the people who had apparently known what- it was to suffer from the effects of foreign competition. Mr Broad- hurst was a tariff reformer long before Mr Joseph Chamberlain brought the matter before, the country.—(applause)-—■ and in his address he would be speaking the sentiments of thousands of workers of this country. He also feilt. confident that in a very short, time the. workers of this country would come over to tariff reform in their thousands.—(Applause.) Con- tinuing, Mr Chamberlain said that the, main question was the finding of work for our own people, which could only be found by encouraging Capitalists to in- vest and speculate in various enterprises. It was the happiness of the individual in the aggregate that made, the prosperity of the country.—(Applause.) Mr Broadhurst, who was cordially re- ceived, said tariff reform above all others was a working1 man's question. He was a working man himself, and his heart was in the work. He had followed the fiscal question for the past thirty years. He had not been led by thei remarks of Mr Joseph Chamberlain, but had been a close observer ever since he was ten years of age.—(Applause.) The subject he pro- posed dealing with that night was a, most, serious one, especially to Wales in regard to the iron, steel and tinplate industries. These industries, which a,t, one time were pre-eminent in the whole world, were to- day sinking1 owing to the effect of free imports. Firm after firm were closing1 their works, and the tinplate workers of Wales were cast, aside-, for the benefit of the German workers.—(Shame.) He had been employed in a large works where they used to use Brymbo steel to a, very large extent, but to-day it was all Ger- man steel, because they could buy it 2s. 6d. a ton cheaper than the Welsh steel. As half the value of a manufactured article represented labour, the free im- porting of this German steel seriously affected the workers of this country.- (Applause.) This also affected resorts like Lfancluclno, for through the dump- ing of German sleeil the workers could not afford to come down to. Llandudno for holidays, as they were practically on the verge of starvation.—(Shame.) Previous to 1890 Wales held the monopoily of the steel and tinplate trade. In 1891 Wales exported to America 335.000 tons of tin- plate in one year, but by to-day the amount had sunk to 58,000 tons a year, which was due to America adopting tariff reform. As the result of this 43 out of 91 British firms became bankrupt-, whilst America gajin considerably. In the year 1890 America produced 18,000 tons of steel, but now produced 640,000 tons, which was due to this tariff keeping foreign steel out of the country.—(Ap- plause.) America in this respect was in a far better position than whajt England was to-day. If the wealthy manufacturers of America could see thait it was neces- sary to have tariffs to protect their in- dustries, surely it was -time that some- thing should be clone in this country also.—(Applause' ) The position of the workers in America was also for better than that of the British workers, as the American workman earned three times as much wages as he would in England, and the cost of living was only a quarter greater. Every tinpiate worker in America, received 21s. per week more than the tinplate workers of this country. (Applause.) Pvior to 1879 Germany was a Free. Trade country until Prince Bismarck in- troduced tariff reform. In 1880 Germany produced 660,000 tons of steel, but in 1903 after the adoption of tariff reform the output went up to 8,000,0-00 tons, and to-day it had gone up to 12,000,000 tons, whilst Great, Britain had sunk down to a, third rate position, only producing 6, 2 nrdiion tons, and America. had gone up to 23 million tons. If the evils of pro- 2 tection co-ullcl give us the prosperity which the figures mentioned denoted then by all means let us have it.—(Applause.) Continuing, Mr Broadhurst said that he thanked God for their Colonies, and they had every reason to feel thankful for their Colonies, otherwise starvation would be rampant among the tinplaters of Wales. Canada, offered us free trade in tinplate —- (hear, hear)—Australia followed. He contended that tariff reform would pro- vide security for our markets. Germany and Americ.a. could not, produce iron and steel at the same price as England could, and it was only fair that Elngiand should not be beat-en by othere, countries through not having a proper system of tariffs, (Applause.) The, objection of the free traders wa,s that the Conservative party were going to tax the food. If they did, they did not intend to increase the cost of living.—(Hear, .hear.) As a matter of fact, £ 13,000,000 was now paid to Mr Lloyd George as a tax on food.—(Ap- plause.) What they intended doing was. to take, the tax off the things they could not produce in this country, and put it on those things which ttey did produce, which meant a tax on corn, and all manu- factured articles that could be produced in this ,country.-(Hear, hear.) The tax on corn would not increase the cost of a four pound loaf, and even if it did, it would not be more than a f arthing, and to. meet- that a, corresponding amount would be taken off tea., eit,c.(Applause.) Over £ 4.000.000 worth of motor cars came into this country every year, and over £ 7.000,000 worth of i-roii and steel were imported free. To tax these articles would surely not increase the -cost of living, and j on the other hand if the articles did not come into the- country owing the tax the then British workman would get the work. Under that, system they were bound to win, and could not possibly .ose.-(Applause.) The Chairman then invited questions. Mr Hands.: If a tax was put on corn would it induce the, British farmer to grow more corn in this country. o Mr Broadhurst: The award of the Agri- cultural Commision was that the mem- bers were of the opinion that if a shil- ling tax was put on Colonial corn and two shillings on foreign corn it, would be an incentive to British farmers to place more land under seed, and thereby pro- duce more wheat, which would also mean more offal for pigs-, which would bacon cheape,r.-(Applause.) The Chairman said that tariff reform was a very intricate question, but if it proved successful, which it surely would, it would certainly affect agriculture., which was the largest in this country, and the agriculturists would take jolly good care that, they got the, biggest, share of it. He, had great pleasure in proposing a vote of thanks to Mr Broadhurst for his very practical address.—(Applause.) Mr Evans, in seconding, said tha,) after hearing the address, he felt sure that all present, would vote on the right, side in the coming ele,ction.-(Appla,-Lis.e.)