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LLANDUDNO AS IT WAS. A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE: HISTORY OF LLANDUDNO. (By Mr. John Roberts, Bryn Celyn). Since I wrote my last notes I was fortunate enough to find a record of the mentioned visit to Llys H'elig, written by the late Rev. Owen Jones. It being in- teresting regarding this matter, and there- fore it, is inserted here, and is as follows "On the 18th of August, 1864, about one o'clock in the afternoon, they started on their voyage. The boatman had some knowledge of the position, and the com- pany had with them a copy of Llewelyn Ddu's maps, on which was noted the exact spot on which Heligfs Mansion formerly stood. They arrived opposate Trwyn yr Wylfa, Dwygyfylchi, by about 3 o'clock, after rowing for about four miles round the Orme from Llandudno, and to within about two. miles of the shore at Dwygyfylchi; after some waiting and carefully taking bearings from all directions, the tide being aft its very lowest ebb by this, signs soon appeared, and the sea,weeds which had grown on the walls were visible. Now every one of the party took a sketch of the walls, in order to have them compared after landing. Mr Hall provided a tape measure, and found that the. face-wall (or front wall) measured about 100 yards, and the other corners were of comparative sizes, the whole indicating a round tower as part of the mansion, the court, the garden, all of which were pictured. Some, of the stones taken from the walls are at Bryn Llewelyn* Llandudno, this moment. Thus the history which was previously known in myth and tradition now became an established fact." "Mr Hall was requested by the Liver- pool Geological Society to read a, paper on this most important discovery, at one, of their public meetings; he acceded to' their wishes on December 13th, 1864." The rocking stone, or Clryd Tudno can be seen on Pen-y-ddinas, which is situated on the high eminence opposite Plas Tudno (on the right going up Tygwyn Road). It is a, Druidical Logan stone, and supposed to have been used by the Priests to impose on their votaries, and to mystify their own practices. It is most likely that a similar stone was situated on the side of the Orme opposite St. George's Church, hence the name Owlach-Ooel- lech, sign-stone, but this has either been destroyed or lost, a-s it cannot now be traced. There is another very interesting relic of passed agies on the Great Orme-, "The Cromlech." It is situated a little to the right of thei first, station of the Orme tram in 4 field called Maes-y-facrell, and consists of four, upright unhewn slabs sur- mounted with another flat stone. The meaning of Cromlech is prolbably Crwm- lech, bowing-stone. Many of the same kind are found in the British Isles, Jersey and Normandy, and in all countries where the religion of the Druids was practised. The name of this cell is Laet-y-filiant, (the stone of the female greyhound." This appellation was given in allusion to the British Ceres or Ceridwen, who was symbolifiecl by a female greyhound. Antiquarians consider them designed for idolatrous sacrifices. Others think that the Priests entered the cell of the Crom- lech to watch the appearance of the new moon-,as some of them were moon wor- shippersvyhile others surmise they were the burial places of notable persons. Late- ly Lord Mostyn has generously caused the Cromlech to be put in proper order, and it can now be easily visiited and exam- ined, a, path having been constructed with this object in view. A copper is charged for admission to the spot, and an excellent view of the Cromlech with a most interesting foot-note by Mr G. A,. Humphreys is presented to every visitor. We have heard it stated many times that the staple industry of Llandudno be- fore it became a health resort, was that if a fishing village. This is incorrect. The chief industrial occupation of the in- habitants was copper mining. There are three copper mines on the Great Orme, viz., the Old Mine, the New Mine, and the Tygwyn Mine. When the mines were in their best day, their respective captains were Gapt. Davy, Mr Thos. Jones, Frondeg, and Mr George Brookes, Victoria. Thousands of tons of valuable copper ore has been shipped from the Llandudno beach, and also on the West Shore. It was sent, to the copper smelting works of Amlwch, Anglesey, and at times as far as Swansea. ¡ *Bryn Llewelyn was the residence of the Iaitet Riev. R. Parry, "Gwalohmai," in Tiudno Street, Llandudno, and the boat- man referred too in the, foregoing record was the late Mr E. Roberts, then of the Albert Hotel, Madoc Street, and also his son, Edward, who were both well-known in Llandudno. (T!o be Continued). J


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