ELL -i Embrocation for A ^1 | I See the Ellioian E.F.A. Booklet f UNIVERSAL for HUMAN USE N | L See the Elliman R.E.P. Booklet found enclosed with bottles of Elliman's [ The Name is Elliman jf lTP>~ r, ^rrrrnTI Mill H ELLI tl CO., SLOUGH. ENGLAt4D. GREAT REDUCTION! Our Best 1/- Overweight MAYPOLE MARGARINE reduced lOd. with the lIb. extra given free with each lib. ilb. Jt M 99 ilb. 2ozs. „ ilb 4 Maple Dairy Co., Ltd., Ui The LARGEST RETAILERS of Choicest Quality BUTTER, TEA and MARGARINE in the Kingdom. MiBchester House, StatiOB-rd., COLIYK BAY 1, Russell Buildings, High-street, RHYL; 95, Mostyn-street, LLANDUDNO (TeN?Se). Over 660 Branches now open. Above Overweights now given with our MAYCO MARGARINE (Made from choicest Nuts & Milk), Now priced fi at i/U. aq Established >884. THOMAS DAVIES Wheelwright and Coach Builder, Waggon, Van, Cart and Lurry Builder, ABERGELE ROAD, —— COLWYN BAY. —— Mangle Rollers of the best Maple Wood supplied and fitted at the lowest rates. Wheelbarrows for Contractors and Farmers. ESTIMATES FREE. TERMS MONTHLY. T. T. ROBERTS. PENMAENMAWR, Family Grocer & Provision Dealer. GENUINE HOME-MADE BREAD DAILY. Home-cured Hams, Bacon, and Wiltshire Smoked. Sole Agent for Lord Vernon Butter. Homer's Devonshire Cream and Cream Cheeses. Sole Agent for W. ft A. Gilbey 1 Wines and Spirits. Purity and Genuineness guaranteed on the labels. (Trice list of 320 varieties on Application to the Agent). Ale and Porter Stores. In Firkins, Pins, and Bottle*. Telephone No. S. 26 DAVIES BROTHERS S?RBTMTE BUTCHERS. Only the Primest Quality of Meat Supplied. Windsor House, Abergele Road, COLWYN BAY, AND AT DOUGHTY BUILDINGS, Conway Road. Tel. No. 95. Telephone No. 17. Telegraphic Address Davies Bros, Colwyn Bay. 468 Colwyn Bay Golf Club Sporting 9 Hole Course, situated above Pwllycrochan Woods Comfortable Club House. Luncheons and Refreshments pro- vided. Golfing Requisites stocked. Steward and Professional—L. GREEN. Subscriptions- Per Annum. £ v. d. £ s. d. Honorary Members 1 1 o & o 10 o Resident Members Ladies x 1 o Gentlemen 2 2 o Country Members, Ladies or Gentle- men I I 0 I Visitors, 2s. per day, 5s. per week. is. Half-day Tickets issued after i o'clock. Mr. D. Mason Peacock, Hon. Sec, 30 The Club House, Colwyn Bay. Cerdd- Drysor y Plant. CASGLIAD 0 DONAU at was&naeth y Band of Hope, yr Ysgol Sol, a'r Gyman £ >- Pris, 2jt. Telerau Gostyogol i Ysgolion Sabbothol, &c. Cyhoeddedig ac i'w gael gan Mri. R. E. Jones- a'i Frodyr, Swyddfa'r Weekly News," Conwy. F t) A T I" Motor and General • IJrV. 1 -1 Engineer, Millwright, Iron & Brass Founder, Reliance Works, CONWAY. Marine Motors supplied & installed, Sparking Batteries, Coils, &c. Soto i&ut toi tne BROOKE MARINE IOTOR. Machinery, Motors, Cars, ate., Repairs a Speciality. New Lawn WOW*R* SU"Ued from iss. Any nulke repalred to cut equal to new. Steam, Gas and Oil Engine. pnmo. H„ „ Apparatus, Hydra^l Machinery supplied and fixed. Motor, Gas, and other ou. at lowest prizes. Strict personal attention' given to all order, Telegrams: "Ball, Conway." Moderate Charges.
Motor Speed at Colwyn Bay. PROPOSED TEN-MILE LIMIT. CHIEF CONSTABLE'S RIGHT ABOUT FACE." Mr R. C. Maxwell (barrister-at-law), on behalf of the Local Government B°^> ^"Colwyn BX^n^aturday,"respecting lhI 'application made by the D€^hshvre trict Council) for an order limiting the speed C< motor-cars to ten miles an hour m c tain parts of the district. Uphalf of M, Tames Porter appeared on behaii 01 the County and Urban Councils m sruppor of the application, which wasopposed^ vfr Deane representing the Royal An £ bi £ cS, Si Mr. L^ood, for the Motor UThe"first order asked for was in re^t of the section of the mam toria-park to the i^onq^fh road, and the second was ^fr0m the piece of main road at Colwyn from Llanelian-road to the Ship Hotel. Amongst <ho*> prejnt C«* STlSSid'! Lewis Council £ £ JSDr^ Council, Mi B Adams (County Surveyor) Petit, Colonel Sandbsch, and Nunn. SUGGESTED COMPROMISE. Mr Deane at the outset asked whether Mr Porter pressed for the whole of the ap- o icafi?n asTXd, or whether Utey mujte C," question of comprom.se wrth a view to shortening tne proceedings.^ Mr. Porter replied thai: it^ depen ihe. bait which Mr. Deane was \> ♦ if -fViat bait was sufficient There would be no undue protraction of the concerned.. ,wided concerned.. ,wided After further discussion, it was decmea to proceed with the application in its origi al form. THE DISTRICT COUNCIL'S POSITION. Mr Porter, in the course of his address, pointed out that the application ^s reaUy made bv the District Council, and had not been ha'stily conceived. Itwas not a mat- ter of a mbment. It had received the anxious and businesslike consideration the District Council for a number of years. And it was only after they had given the matter due consideration, and after they had had experience of the traffic of various sorts coming into the district, such as the trams which ran along the main road, the increased motor traffic and the increased 'visiting population, that they decided to ask the Local Government Board to entrust them with further powers. The Council had already been empowered by their pri- vate Act of Parliament to impose a speed limit on the sea-front, and had done so, and the working of that order had been emi- nently successful. The Council were therefore in a better position than most P- I Councils to speak on the subject ot speea limits. In regard to the opposition, they all knew the usual nosition taken up by the two clubs. Mr. Deane There is not very much op- position, so far as I know. Mr. Porter said the clubs in question no doubt had a considerable amount of author- ity and experience, and were no doubt quite right in regarding th-) matter from their own point of view. But in that district they had a large residential population and a very large visiting population, and his con- p tention was that the members of the Local Authority, who represented every shade of opinion in the district, motorists and n-m- motorists, were in a far better position to say to the Local Government Board what was the right thing to do in the infeietfs of the residential and visiting pOpD a" i than either of the two gentlemen represent- ing the motor clubs. Mr. Porter next read the letter of Mr. Nunn, in opposition to the application, which appeared in the current issue of the North Wales Weekly News," and denied that such an order would seriously affect the interests of North Wales and Colwyn Bay." Mr. Nunn had no monopoly of the interests of Colwyn Bay The considerable body of men on the District Council were quite as well able to represent the interests of Colwyn Bay as any individual who arro- gated to himfplf that monopoly. The letter said that motorists would avoid us and go elsewhere." Well, said Mr. Porter, if we are to provide roads merely for motor- ists who are passing through and who wish to go at an extreme rate—and that is the case put by Mr. Nunn-they are very wel- come to go anywhere else and fly through." A ten miles limit was described in the let- ter as irritating." All that was asked for I was an order in respect of a piece of road one miie five furlongs in length, and that over such a short length the legal speed should be ten miles instead of twenty miles an hour. That meant that the time occu- pied in traversing that short length would be doubled. In other words, there would be a tax of three minutes in a mile on a motorist. Even if they took the distance as two miles it would mean a delay of only six minutes. He did not see why that should prove irritating to any motorist. Mr. Wm. Jones,. C.E., District Surveyor for the past 21 years ,said that the Con- way-road section was i mile and 2 furlongs, and the Colwyn section was 3 furlongs. There were 22 side-roads branching off the first length on the southerly side, and 21 side-roads off the northerly side, whilst at Colwyn there were seven on one side and six on the other. The total length of the main road in the district was 41 miles. The traffic on the Colwyn Bay part was very great, particularly in the summer. Within that length the tramway was seven feet wide, and there were three loops, one being near the elementary school. The average width of the road there was from 24 feet to 28 feet, and this road was fronted by the Mews, from which coaches and carriages were frequently turned out. Nearly all the 'business premises were situated on thait road, and there were shops on both sides. From the top of Station-road to Rhiw-road the main road was very narrow; opposite the Public Hall it was 20 feet. The Light Railway Company had obtained powers to extend the tramway from Rhiw-road to Old Colwyn, and at the present time the Rail- way Comnanv ran motor-buses along that route. The hill going from Groes Bridge was very steep, and at the top there was a sharp and awkward turning, so that traffic could not be seen. Mr. Deane said that he was not averse to a speed limit at Old Colwyn. At the top of Station-road, Colwyn Bay, it was necessary for a policeman to regulate the traffic. Evidence in support was given by Mr. R. B. Adams (County Surveyor) and Coun- cillor Edward Allen (Chairman of the High- ways Committee of the District Council). iQHIEF CONSTABLE CHANGES HIS MIND. Major Lcadbetter (Chief Constable for Denbighshire) was called by Mr. Porter. He said that he was not in favour of speed limits, as no one could say whether a car was travelling at 9 miles of 11 miles an hour, and he was also understood to refer to the absence of a prescribed race track" and of a trap." The scheduled area, he ss.id later, should be as short as possible. He admitted that three years ago he sub- mitted to the County Council a report sitrongly xecommending a speed limit for the whole of the main road inthe Colwyn Bay urban district. As many as 1,150 cars passed through daily (not counting the same cars twice) and the report advocated the st-w ed limit in the interests of public safety. Since litre; vears ago there had been a. great I impiovemen* in the xvav in which motorists 1 used th* roads, and the existing law against 1 to the common danger was bet- 1 ter than a speed-limit. Perhaps a speed- 1 limit notice on a road did deter a good 1 mot ovist from travelling at an excessive t speed. By Mr. Deane He had not carefully ex- amined the scheduled length, but was giving a generai opinion. By Mr. Porter: There was a policeman stationed at the top of Station-road, and that part should certainly be scheduled. Mr. J. O. Davies (headmaster of the Council School), Councillor T. E. Purdy, Ir. Thomas Buckley (dentist-surgeon, Con- way-road), and Mr. Benjamin Hoyle (artist, Victoria House, Conway-road) supported, and gave accounts of accidents and nar- row escapes experienced by school childr n. Mr. Hoyle mentioned a case of two boys who were playing football on the road, and one of them was nearly run down 1 y a motor. Mr. John W. Smith, Inspector 1he Promenade and of hackney carriages, spoke of the great improvement which had re- sulted from the action of the Council in limiting the speed along the front to eight miles an hour. Other witnesses called were Mr. Thomas Jones, grocer, Chester House, Abergele- road, and Mr. Robert Jones, grocer, Old Colwyn, and Mr. Porter intimated that if necessary he could call a considerable body of evidence in support. THE OPPOSITION. Mr. Deane spoke at great length in op- position, and submitted that according to the law the members of the District Coun- cil were not the best judges in such mat- ters. He described the application as the most colossal piece of impudence it was possible to imagine. It was an exploded theory that because there was a school on a roadside there must necessarily be a speed limit. The effect of Mr. Hoyle's evidence was that there must be a speed-limit to en- able schoolboys to play football on the pub- lic highway—a practice which was illegal. Mr. Jelf-Petit, J.P. (Chairman of the North Wales Automobile Club and a mem- ber of the Denbighshire Police Committee, objected to a ten miles speed-limit as being unnecessary and useless for the purpose in view, and said that the order, if one were made, should apply only to the length be- tween Hawarden-road and Rhiw-road. Col. Sandbach, J.P., a member of the Automobile Club and also of the Denbigh- shire Police Committee, gave similar evi- dence, and so did Dr. Fox, of Bettwsycoed, the Secretary of the North Wales Aumto- mobile Club. Mr. Elgood addressed the Inspector in opposition, and commented on the fact that no local police officer had been called on behalf of the application. Mr. Porter, in his reply, said that Mr. Elgood had let the cat out of the bag as to the real nature of the objection. The first point was that there was no evidence as to an accident having taken place, which was tantamount to saying that a property-owner must not insure his house against fire until it had been burnt down. The second was that the speed-limit was disliked because it would be an inconvenience to the motor- ing public." That was not very much of an argument.
Wholesale Shebeening in the Conway Valley. A POLICEMAN'S THIRST AS A NAVVY. PROSECUTIONS AT CONWAY. At the Conway Police Court, on Mon- day, before Col. Mostyn and other magi- strates, Owen Hughes, a Gyffin grocer and provision dealer, who also keeps a hut on the mountain side at Dolgarrog, was sum- moned by D. E. Jones, Excise Officer, for selling beer without a licence on the 6th August last. Mr. C. E. Fitzroy, of the Solicitors' De- partment, H.M. Customs and Exise, ap- peared to prosecute, and Mr. R. S. Cham- berlain appeared for the defendant and pleaded not guilty. Mr. Fitzroy said that on the afternoon in question P.C. O. G. Hughes (56) dressed himself as a navvy and went into the de- fendants hut at Dolgarrog. He ordered certain groceries, and while there another mm entered and ordered some cabbages, and asked Hughes if he had any beer. The defendant replied in the affirmative, and the disguised constable was invited to have a drink. They had several drinks together, and afterwards went into a back room, in which they found four men seated, two of them having drinks in front of them. The disguised policeman had several pints of beer, and the other man bottles of stout, and they all paid for to the defendant. After being in there a quarter of an hour P.C. Hughes left, and outside met P.C. Jones, Ty'nygroes, in uniform. They went back into the premises, and the uniformed officer told Hughes that he had been selling beer without a licence. Hughes asked when he served the r, and he was told half an hour ago, and on seeing the disguised policeman he admitted selling two pints of beer and some tobacco, and would not deny it. The police searched the premises and found two empty casks and one 18-gallon cask full, and this was seized and removed to the station at Conway. The de- fendant had no licence whatever, and he (Mr. Fitzroy) asked that such a penalty should be imposed as would put a stop to the illegal sale of beer. With the rough element in that neighbourhood, they could .obtain as much br as (they liked, and there would be fighting and all sorts of feuds P.C. Owen G. Hughes (56) said he was instructed by the Deptiiy Chief Constable in the matter. He dressed himself as a navvy and went inside the defendant's hut and ordered a threepenny loaf, a quarter of a pound of corned beef, and half an ounce of thin twist, and he was served. While inside a young man entered and asked for cabbages, and he also asked Hughes if he had a bottle of stout. Witness then ordered a pint of beer a a bottle of stout for the young man, and defendant took them through to a back room, in which were seated four other men, two of whom had drinks in front of them. They were all served again by he defendant. After re- maining there fifteen minutes he went out and met P.C. Jones (66), who went inside, and witness followed. They searched the premises and found two empty casks and one full of beer. In reply to Mr. Chamberlain, the witness said he had never been in the district be- fore. He did not know how many huts there were on the mountain, neither did he know that each one of them was selling beer. Mr. Chamberlain: It is all news to you? —Yes. Mr. Fitzroy: It is news to me, too. Mr. Chamberlain: Well it is for you to catch them. It is a fact, and you can take it for what it is worth. Continuing, the witness said he never heard that it was with the connivance of the police that the beer was sold in the huts, so that the navvies could be kept from making a row in the village. Mr. Chamberlain Were you thirsty that evening?—Wei), I was. At any rate, +hey sold good stuff, didn't they?—ft was not bad. (Laughter.) P.C. Wm. Jones, Ty'nygroes, corroborated the evidence as to searching the premises, and added that the defendant said he could not deny serving P.C. Hughes. Cross-exam:n?d he said he remembered the time when the works were started about three years ago, and there were at that time between 300 and 400 men there. There were ia number of lodging huts erected for the men on the mountain side. He very likely would bay had more trouble in the village if the men came down there for drink. Now tell me quite honestly. Didn't you know that there was something of this sort likely to be going on somewhere?—No, sir. Never heard of it? I want to ask you because it has been seen. Where did you suspect that the beer which was carted through the village in the day time was going ito?—I made inquiries, and I was told between 40 and 50 of the navvies in one hut had clubbed together to get beer. I quite accept. That may be perfectly true. How many times did you see beer going?—Not many. You did not know that the men in the I other huts were selling beer?—No, I did I not. The works were shut up for months, anc re-opened, and was this the first time the defendant began to sell any beer?—I could not say. I may say, however, that he had only been in the hut a month. D. E. Jones, Excise officer, Llanrwst, gave evidence that the defendant did not hold a licence, and when he investigated the mat- ter the defendant said, I did sell, but I thought it was the understood thing to sell beer on the mountain to prevent the navvies going down into the valley." THE DEFENCE. The defendant was called, and he said that he took a hut on the mountain at Dol- garrog for the sale ot groceries, and there were five or six similar huts there. When the works weie first opened he did not sell any beer or liquor there. He knew that the others had been selling beer. It was common knowledge, and there was no dis- I guise at all about it. He honestly believed that they were allowed to sell to keep the navvies from agoing to the valley. The other huts had been selling beer all the time, and the farmers also took part in the trade. It would mean a 2J hours' walk to the village if the navvies wanted a pint of beer. Cross-examined, defendant said he re- membered the prosecution in March, 1908, but that man was selling on the main road between two public-houses, and he bought his direct from the firm. He (defendant) did not do that. It was common knowledge that all the huts were selling beer. For the defence, Mr. Chamberlain said that avoiding the proper taxes of the country was a serious offence. He would say now, and it could not be contradicted by the polic, that it would have been much more satisfactory if somebody had had a licence to sell beer on the mountain, instead of leaving the temptation to people to carry on an illicit trade. Defendant was a re- spectable man, and had only been a month in the hut, and he ventured to say that the police did know of the other offenders. He considered that there was a good deal of ground for the defendant's erroneous belief that THE THING WAS TO BE WINKED AT, but he did not ask the magistrates to wink at it, but suggested that they should im- pose a fine of moderate dimensions. The magistrates, after a short consulta- tion, fined the defendant £5 and costs, and ordered the beer seized to be destroyed. Arising from this case, a charge was pre- ferred against William Roberts, licensee of the Bedol Tnn, Talybont, of aiding and abetting Hughes. Mr. James Marks was for the defendant, and he pleaded not guilty. The first witness was the defendant in the last case, and he said that on the day in question he received a cask of beer from Roberts, the number of which was 36S44. It was the'cask that was seized by the police. He also received casks on the 13th, 15th, and 21st July. He sold the beer, as they had heard in the last case. He obtained ibeeff from other 'sources besides Roberts. It was carted up to the hut by a man nam- ed W. P. Williams. What was the average quantity of beer you got rid of in a month?—During the month I was there I had four and a half barrels, and three of these were from Ro- berts. Did you sell the beer at 3d. per pint?— Yes. And you paid Roberts for it at the rate of £1 per 18 gallons?—Yes. So that you made a profit of 32s. on every barrel of 36 gallons?—If there was 36 gal- lons in the barrel. It depends on the quantity. Replying to Mr. Marks, the witness said he had tapped the barrel, but he could not say how it was now since it had been in the police station. (Laughter.) W. Pierce Williams, a farm servant living at Dolgarrog, said he carted beer from the Bedol to a farm near Owen Hughes' hut. He had delivered beer on several occasions. A clerk from the brewery firm of Messrs. Marston and Thompson said that the de- fendant was a customer of theirs, but not an agent. Barrel 36844 was consigned from Burton to Talycafn station on August 2nd, addressed to the defendant. D. E. Jones, the Excise officer, said he called with the defendant on the 26th August, and he claimed to be an agent for Messrs. Marston and Thompson. Francis D. Drake, Supervisor of Inland Revenue, said he also called upon the de- fendant, who told him that he was an agent, and that he got 30 per cent. commis- sion for the sale. Susequently Roberts call- ed with the witness at Rhyl, and said he would not claim to be an agent. Cross-examined, he had known Roberts for seven years, and as far as the Excise were concerned he had always conducted the Bedol Inn well. It was not unusual for a licensee of a country inn to sell a good many barrels of beer. He wished to be fair "to Roberts, and would state that Ro- berts had done everything to give witness all possible information concerning the case. ir. Marks now suggested that the case should be withdrawn, as there was no legal evidence to support a criminal offence. Mr. Fitzroy said that under the circum- stances he would withdraw the case, but he should like to say that the case was brought so that it could be made widely known that publicans were not allowed to send beer out like this. That was really the whole object of the prosecution. A further charge of selling beer wholesale without a licence under the Finance Act was proceeded with against Roberts. Mr. Fitzroy asked whether Mr. Marks seriously contested the case, and Mr. Marks replied 'in the affirmative. Mr. Fitzrov said that an 18-gallon cask was sold by Roberts to Owen Hughes. Al- though the Finance Act came into force on the 29th April this offence took place on the 6th August. No Act of recent years had caused such a disturbance among licence holders, and ignorance of the law was no excuse. r Mir. Marks admitted the whole of the facts, but added that the Finance Act raised so many questions that it was very hard lines on a wayside licence holder to expect him to know anything about it. There was no circular or any intimation sent by any authority whatever to the licensee. In ac- cordance with the Excise regulations licence had been taken out, so that not a single penny was lost to the revenue of the country. The magistrates imposed a fine of is. and the court fees. There was considerable interest taken in the cases, for the Court was crowded throughout the hearing.
Rector's Thank-offering Withdrawn. The Rev. W. LI. Nicholas (Rector of Flint) has written to the Flintshire Educa- tion Authority cancelling his offer to provide an elementary school to accommodate forty children in standard I. and II., in place of the present Flint Common Church School, which tho Board of Education had intimated would cease to be recognised after July 31st next. At the last meeting of the Education Committee the offer was accepted with thanks by 22 votes against 14. In his letter cancelling the offer, the Rector states he was grieved to read the account of the reception by as many as 14 members accorded to his offer to build a new school as a thank-offering on the com- pletion of his thirtieth year as Rector of Flint He had hoped the offer would have been welcomed the present juncture. However, he found that any school built by. him would be merely provocative of political strife and sectarian bitterness, and as he could not associate the idea of a thank- offering with feelings of hatred and un- charitableness, he now informed the Author- ity that his offer was canceled. He hast- ened to acquaint the authorities with this resolve, so that no one might attribute any delay to political reasons.
Preparing for the Investiture. Extensive alterations are contemplated at the Carnarvon railway station in view of the investiture of the Prince of Wales in Carn- uarvon Castle next July, when it is expected there will be an influx of a.bout 30,000 people I into the town
■ ♦ ■ DAIRY COWS AND SALT. Salt if; absolutely essential to keep dairy (--0\ in good health, and although there is f-nrac percentage in the natural food, it is, as a 1 rile, not pre-sent in sufficient quantity by a deal. Hock salt io the best, as in this the cows help themselves to just as much as nature requires. Some farmers mix a certain quantity of common salt with the food, hut this plan is not advised as it is impossible to tell each animal's require- ments. Mixed with chaff or meal, the salt has all to be taken whether required or not. consequently either too much or too little is almost sure to be given. In supplying rock salt each cow takes just what, she requires and no more. Even if some animil by chance has an unnatural craving SIK^ x>uld not easily take an overdose, as it would occupy too much of her time. And as the ordinary food varies so much in its saline properties, so cows vary in their requirements of the article in its pure state. Rock salt should always be kept where the cows are able to lick it at will. It may be placed in the boozen or pasture, but not so as to become soiled. In the pasture, if carelessly thrown down, as is too often the case, the herbage is killed over a large patch through the knob being rolled about, while dirt is also picked up. A stone or iron trough, or a stout wooden box let into the ground, will hold the knob. and if near the pond the cows will soon find it when going to drink. Salting weathered haystacks to make the fodder reliable is a practice to be condemned. It is simply sup- plying inferior food that is neither whole- some, nutritious, nor good for milk produc* tion. -+--
THE VEGETABLE GARDEN. There is always plenty of work in a garden for those who care to do it, and desire to see their crops thrive. There is, no doubt, land naturally rich and fertile where the crops come fairly good with but little trouble, but this class of soil is an exception. Vacant land trenched now will be in good condition for planting without much labour in spring. Leave it as rough as possible for the frost and wind to act upon it. But in trenching land, if the subsoil is being broken up for the first time, leave it in the bottom of the trench after breaking it. Let every spare minute be given up to this work now. In snoQwy weather turn over manure heaps and gather in road scrapings or any other matter which can be worked into a compost. Those who live near a town may often purchase street sweepings for a small sum per load. and though such stuff may not be very rich in nitrogen, it is valuable for opening up the land, and increasing its depth and bulk. The manure question is a difficult one. as good man ire is rather expensive. Manure from large stables where moss litter is used is excellent for every purpose. Mixed with a fifth of good soil good mushroom beds may be made with it, but it must be quite fresh and have life enough in it to raise s'^tbcienl h-a* to start the spawn. Mushr .flr.s are one of the crops which may be pro?itably raised in the town garden, as a simky atmosphere wiH not injuriously affect tie fungus family. Another crop which may be well grown in the town garden is seakale. Any light, rich soil will do to plant the roots i n. ♦
PROFITABLE RABBl'IB. There does not appear to bt any valid reason why rabbit-keeping, if it s properly carried out, should not pay, ai i what is more, pay well. Almost any kim of rabbit may be made to pay if well manag d. There are three ways of making thest animals profitable: First, by breeding ff. r table; secondly, by breeding for their sk.-is; and thirdly, by breeding fancy kinds foi selling to fanciers. Previous to coming to deci- sion as to which of the above syst. ms to adopt, due regard must be given t) the requirements of the district round -bout where the intending breeder may be res] 1'1'4. i. or instance, in a great many country tricts there is, if not exactly a prejud ge against tame rabbits, at any rate a very strong preference for wild ones. On the other hand, in London, and also in many of our large cities and towns, it is rather the other way about. In all cases, therefore, first find out the particular line which would pay best in your own immediate locality, and then set to work to meet that want. Should it be decided to breed for the table, the Belgian Hare and the Patagonian will be the most useful, by reason of their size and hardiness; they also make an excellent cross with other breeds. If breeding for skins, Angoras, Himalayans, silver-greys, and creams are usually the most marketable kinds, well and regularly-marked skins fetching from 4d. each upwards. In many places rabbit fanciers abound. In that case breed fancy kinds, or, better still, make a speciality of one, and the may be sold for good prices. Be honest, do not "fake," or sell a third-class animal at a first-class price. Once let people know you act u straight," your business will soon grow. ♦
MOSSY SAXIFRAGES. These are well worthy a place in gardens, if only for their charming verdure in the winter season. In hot summer weather they turn rather rusty, and long-continued frosty winds take the colour from them. They revel in moisture, and heavy rains will cause them to put on their freshest and best appearance. They must have perfect drain- age, and they do best when rambling among 6tones on a gently sLoping bank. An easy way of growing them to cover the natural soil is to use brick rubble or stones several inches deep, putting thereon about the same thickness of light, sandy mould. Some of the larger stones may be allowed to peep thr >ugh the surface. In this very simple manner a comfortable home may be provided for these little saxifrages, and they will do just as well as on carefully prepared rock- work. Free from excessive moisture round the roots, which at the same time can strike deeply enough into the soil to be out of the way of drying winds and scorching sun, these moss-like saxifrages will thrive and develop very quickly, and will carpet the ground with a rich verdure at this season of the year, For window-lodges these little saxifrages are excellent, mucb better than the conifers in pots which are so much used in winter, and which under the influence of hard frost and continued parching winds too freequently are more brown than green, and often are killed outright. It is a pity that window gardsners are not better acquainted with these and kindred things, such as the etonecrop and houseleek families; then win- dow-ledges might be as full of interest in winter as in summer. ♦
WINTER FARM WORK. A most important work on many farms is that of draining. That is so because the drains that were laid some thirty years ago have in many cases ceased to act properly. Consequently it is needful to make other drains to cut through them, so as to carry off any water that may collect. It may also be pointed out that a few such drains will greatly assist the old ones to act for a fur- ther period. If all wet and heavy land could be drained during the winter months, it is certain that a good deal of surplus labour would be employed, and a permanent benefit to many farms would be the result. The usual custom is for the landlord to purchase pipes and the tenant to carry out and pay for the work. Another item of work that could be done during the winter months is the levelling of banks or ant-hills, which, in tnany places have been allowed to remain and increase year after year. It is possible to see fields pretty well covered with them, and in such cases the job of levelling is a heavy one. This work can be done in two ways. The first, and this is the best plan, is to open out the turf, throw the bank out, and spread it, level the turf back, and tread it down. The other is to pare the lump off level with the surface and chop it about. leaving a bare place to turf over naturally, or a pinch of grass seed may be sown where each bank was.' This, however, is expensive' tork, and assistance is required in carrying it out. Other work for winter is hodarp-cutting, which, however, requires skilled labour.
TO FARMERS AND ESTATE AGENTS. GROUND LIME IN BAGS FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES For Prices, apply to the Manufacturers, RAYNES & CO., Llysfaen Quarries & Lime Works, Near COLWYN BAY, • OR OF THEIR VARIOUS AGENTS. 162-44 i CANADA WANTS MEN TO TILL THE SOIL Farming in Canada means 100% Annual Profit. Get a piece of the earth—in the Empire-under the Flag. Canada's land is freehold land. Two years' rent of a British Farm will purchase improved land of equal area in Canada—Britain's nearest overseas dominion. 160 acres Government land free for farming. Work for all farm labourers and domestic servants guaranteed. For free maps, pamphlets, and full particu- lars, apply to Mr. A. F. JURY, Canadian Government Agent, Old Castle Buildings, Preeson's Row, Liverpool, or to Mr. J. OBRD SMITH, Assistant Superintendent of Cana- dian Iiimigration, II and 12, Charins Cross, London, S.W. A Cooked Calf Meal Which builds up a powerful frame and a robust consti- tution. I cwt. bag, 15S. i cwt. bag, 8s. 1 cwt. bag, 4s.3d. 141b. bags, 2s. 6d. Simple in use. In every way fit to replace natural milk. Address of nearest Agent on application. Solve the 1— == 1 problem o' 4 1 HOW TC Beach s GETEGGS IN Sold in Penny Packets. Cases of 72 Penny Aromatic Packets, 5s — Poultry J. Beach Spice Jir C* r °M For increasing the EGG yield The Mills and for keeping Poultry healthy Tipton ^as n0 ^ua1, Tipton. it has no equal. Ip on. í — —— RANSOMES' Ploughs and Cultivators To suit Every Requirement. Catalogues free on application to Orwell Works, IPSWICH. 1,6 SAFEGUARD YOUR HEALTH. NO MORE COLD OR DAMP FEET. FELT-LINED CLOGS. Thousands sold last )'ear. ;'1 READ Ap,it 7, 1910 iew, H,th. Dear Sirs,-Rcceived clügs as to ordel 1 am with truly, F. WEST As 3s. Ii< per rair post paid. All sizes in Men's, Wo en's Youths and Maids'. Also ill 3 lid, H,, Mt!n'sor %oiiiens "V"'i"g" C, Gd. p6rl pail is to post paid. No Waiting. l-fention size when ordering. The BRITISH CLOG SUPPLY STORES, 82-42 Dept. W.N., 55, Side, Newcastle-on-Tyne. A THE CME CAKE MILLS Co. Offer for Sale, carriage paid, delivered free to the nearest Railway Station in thi district, in Two-Ton lots and upwards DRIED ALE GRAINS Containing-: per Oil 7, Alb. 18, Carbo H ,^o, at ■ ton. MIXED GRAINS 8 Oil, Alb. 19, Carbo H. 50 4 a Specially recommended for wO I \J Stock Feeding. Sheep, etc. per ton. OUR SPECIALITY- COOKED FEEDING MEAL & MOLASSES £ 7 per ton. A relish and fattener for all classes of stock. For increasing yield of milk it is unequalled, We recommend a trial. Sample cwt. of any of the above would be sent at 8s,, delivered free, cash with order sample lot of 5 cwt. 7s. 6d. per cwt. 5/- pet" too allowed for bags returned in clean and sound condition, We are open to appoint an Agent for the Conway Valley district. THE ACME CAKE MILLS CO., Howe St., Pollard St., MANOHESTER. 74 RA. TIN Is the best remedy in the rational war against RATS & MICE 1Vf*1W doTi estjc animals Tin for Rats 36 Bottle for Mice 2 6. Cash with order, post free from— 9, UNION COURT, THE RATIN LABORATORY, LONDON, B.C. G CARTRIDGES. CARTRIDGES. Kynoch's Smokeless Telax 6/10 per 100 Nobell's Sporting Clyde 8/6 per 100 Primax Ejector Case 9/- per 100 Schultze 10/6 per 100 Kynoid 10/6 per 100 Curtis' and Harvey's Diamond Smokeless 10/6 per 100 A GOOD SELECTION OF RELIABLE GUNS from 30/- to £20 in Stock. FISHING TACKLE, SPORTSMEN'S SUNDRIES of all kinds. A-large Stock of WIRE NETTING, CORRU- GATED SHEETS, KITCHEN RANGES, GRATES and MANTELPIECES, JOINERS' and PLUMBERS' TOOLS, CUTLERY, ELECTRO PLATE and HOUSEHOLD UTENSILS of all kinds at Lowest Prices at MARFELL'S IRONMONGERY STORES, ABERGELE ROAD, COLWYN BAY. Tel ax. 137 DENNIS9S "LINCOLNSHIRE" F £ H|PlC POWDERS The best medicine for PIGS and POULTRY. lS &Sr 11 Cure ail diseases to which Pigs are subject. Sold everywhere lOd. per doz. Post free, Is. from the Sole Proprietor— g J.W. Dennis, chemist.Lottth.Lifvcs. Your Printing Order. We have a Thoroughly Up-to-date Plant. for every class of Printing", and we keep an Experienced Staff to deal Promptly and Efficiently with every order we receive We turn out the very best work at prices which make it a Real Economy tc favour us with your business. If you want Catalogues, Pamph- lets, Bill-heads, Circulars, Cards, Posters, or Private Printing, send to us for Particulars and Prices. R. E. JONES & BROS., Weekly News" Offices, 8, Station Road, COLWYN BAY, AND Rc Hill Street & The Quay, CONWAY. fELEPHONE-Colwyn Bay, 31. Rose Hill Street, Conway, 12. The Quay, Conway, 12a. n TO BE AT YOUR BEST M W you must get rid of any touch of dyspepsia, liver trouble or constipation, „ Z tliat may be troubling you. Fitness depends largely upon the healthy y activity of the digestive processes. If the function of digestion is con- n j Slderably disturbed, from whatever cause, general debility and depress- V/ ion will ensue. If, on the other hand, your digestive organs are kept in 7\ j good working order you will experience all the good effects of sound, robust health. Tour aim shauld be to bring the organs of digestion aa 7% j nearly to a pitch of perfect efficiency as possible. When they are at W their beat you will be at your best. Excellence of digestion ia tha amukl reward of thou who 5 TAKE BEECHAM'S PILLS. | y Sold everywhere in boxes. price 1/li (56 pills) & 2/0 (jQ8 pillg) H