An Open Letter TO THE BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH. TARIFF REFORM AND THE FOOD OF THE PEOPLE. My Lord Bishop,-I note with great satis- faction that ou are really much concerned lest Tariff Reform may after all mean an increase in the price of bi ead to the working man and his family, and that, because of this doubt in your mind, you want an assurance from Mr. Balfour that-this will not be the case. From your remarks you seem to hope for a favourable reply from him to that effect. But why apply to Mr. Balfour? Is his answer to an economic question like this of any more value than that of any other man of intelligence ? He cannot regulate the price of the markets. You ask for an assur- ance which it is quite impossible for him to give He may consent and bring into being a political act, but the economic results of that act are entirely beyond his powers of control, so he can give no such guarantees. You are quite as able to settle this question as any man. You have only to look at the facts of the case fairly and squarely in the face and there is but one conclusion you can come to, and that is that a duty of 2S. per quarter on the price of imported corn must increase the price of the workman's loaf. I venture to put before you why I have come to this conclusion. In the first place, we do not grow sufficient corn for our own consump- tion and are therefore compelled to buy from outside sources. Rouehlv speaking, we trrow about one quarter of our own requirements and import the other three-quarters. The Tariff Reform proposal is to put a duty of 2s. per quarter on imported corn. Mr. Wyndham says this is only a small duty and will not add one fraction to the price of bread, but his word evidently does not satisfy you. Mr. Chaplin another great authority, has not committed himself to the amount of duty but expects it will be a substantial one. He wants it to be a substaniial one because it will benefit his friends the farmers, that is to say, that he expects that home grown corn will advance in price by whatever duty is placed upon the imported corn. Mr. Yerburgh, M.P. for Chester, in a letter to the Times, June 22nd, 1903, says :—" That for all practical purposes a 2s. duty is of no use, that no duty under 10s. a quarter would have any appreciable effect in increasing the area of corn grown in this country." This view of the situation—this prospect of increased duty-is borne out by the report of the "Agriculture Committee of the Tariff Reform Commission which reads —" The average price of British wheat for igo6 has been 27s 9d, and the evidence we have received is to the effect that no considerable extension of wheat growing can take place unless the price is at least 40s. per quarter, and to restore the growth of wheat to any- thing like its old proportions a rise in price to 50s. per quarter would probably be required." That then is the Agricultural Tariff" Reform- ers" dream. This Committee also suggests in their report, vol. 3, par. 394. That the duty on flour shall be for a beginning—mark thai- Is. 3d. per cwt. or 3s. per sack. Given then,that these Tariff"Reformers" had their way, the grocer and the baker would have to pay at least 4s. per sack of flour more than at the present time. Now, as this would mean an additional cost to them of at least d. on every 41b. loaf, I want to know if the baker and the grocer is going to meet this increased cost, because Mr. Balfour has pledged his word that the price of bread shall not be increased Don't you think that in spite of any political pledge they would only be doing what was clearly within their rights to pass this increase on io the consumers, the purchas- er, the poor working man with iCi a week, whom you picture so pathetically, and have such a tender regard for Suppose a baker uses 50 sacks of flour in a week—and there are many who use this much and more-s, per sack extra means L I o extra cost. I am sure you would not wish to have the baker penalised to that extent merely to gratify the change of policy of one of the political parties in the State. Now, my Lord, it so happens that we have had in very recent times an object lesson which helps us to view this important matter with something like accuracy. In 1902, under Mr. Balfour's Government, Sir M. H. Beach (now Lord St Aldwyn) was Chancellor of the Exchequer, and he included in his Budget of that year a corn duty of is. per quarter for revenue purposes only he said. But luok at the sequel. The next year- 1903-N,lt-. Ritchie, who had succeeded Lord St. Aldwyn, repeated this duty, and in doing so said My right hon. friend, Mr. Chap- lin, says that the corn tax of is. per quarter has not increased the price of bread." But, he said, "that is an impossible thing to say. Undoubtedly the price of flour has increased to the amount of the tax, and a good deal ?tiore, and as a good many people make their own bread the cost of bread must have been increased. "-House of Commons, Apiil 23. 1903 Lord St. Aldwyn was speaking in Man- chester on November 5th, 1903, and in the course of his speech referred to this matter and said I thought that my Corn Duty last year was so small-is. per quarter-haif what Mr. Wyndham proposes, rememher- that it would rot increase the price of bread. I made a mi.,take I found that in not a few cases it had the effect of giving an excuse to the baker (hardly fair to the baker, I think' when he had to pay about -1-3 on every ion sacks of flour) to raise the price of bread, an1 therefore, I must confess that I believe that doubling that duty to 2s. and adding duties upon meat and dairy produce must increase the cost of food to the working classes." Now I submit that with that experience before him-the experience of his own Chan- cellors of the Exchequer and of the policy of his own Government I cannot see how Mr. Balfour can give you the pledge you ask of him. Mr. Balfour, the politician, may work around that fact whatsoever dialetical web he pleases, but Mr Balfour the man of affairs must admit that duties on corn and meat must raise the price to the consumer, be he working-man or not. Here is a circumstance which occurred under his own government, his own leader- ship for which he was responsible, and I submit that what was right in 1902--3, cannot be wrong in 1910. But let me quote what a German Economist has to say on this matter. Baron Rheiiibaben, says Germany could obtain far more revenue from beer, wine, brandy, and tobacco, if it were not that the necessaries of life,bi-e;Ad, meat, eggs, butter-iii fact evei-ything at-e niade so dear by the German duties," There is no ambiguity here, surely that is testimony of first-rate importance coming from a man and a country where tariffs are an accomplished fact, and not in the region of speculation and political expediency. To increase the price of the food of the people must fall particularly hard 011 those least able to hear it, and for the sake of the helpless ones, I do hope you will cast your influence, generous, and heart-felt as I believe it to be,011 the side of the poor.—Yours respectfully, Colwyn Bay, R. THOMSON. Nov. 17th, 1910.
The Eisteddfod Choir. To the Editor of THE WEEKLY NEWS. SIR,—I should like to call your readers' attention to the unfair and highly unsatis- factory treatment the Eisteddfod Choir ■received of the hands of the Finance Com- Inittee. A few weeks ago an account I appeared in your valuable paper announcing the fact that the above committee met; and to vote gratuities to those who had worked for the success of the Eisteddfod. Some of those few individuals received handsome sums of money for filling minor and insigni- ficant offices, while on the other hand the members of the choir were not recognised in any way, and the most of them worked most assiduously to ensure the success, and absolute efficiency of the choir. Several I know attended the rehearsals regularly with. out a miss, and came through all weather, and often under great inconvenience, and also purchased their own music, which was an item of some consideration in itself, especially to the staff notationists, and to those who were from the same family. I feel convinced that the least act of courtesy that the above mentioned com- mittee could have exercised was to provide the music free of charge to the members. The committee of Finance are undoubted- ly deserving of severe criticism, inasmuch as the Choral Union suffers greatly in many ways, as a result of the conduct of the Finance Committee. Antagonistic feel- ing runs high in the vicinity of Old Colwyn as well as other distant places, where the members of the late Eisteddfod Choir came from.—I am, etc., Colwyn Ray. DOUBLE BASS.
Conway Municipal Election. To the Editor of THE WEEKLY NEWS. Sir,-In your issue of the 3rd inst. it ap- pears that one of the self-styled Progres- sive candidates, at a meeting held at the Town Hall, on Friday, the 28th October, described my objection to another candi- date and himself as scandalous." It may interest the electors to know that the opinion of eminent counsel has been taken upon the point, and that he advises that my objection, far from being scan- dalous," was perfectly good and legal. Counsel -ays: I am of opinion that both candidates were disqualified for election." With reference to the leaflet issued im- mediately before the election, quoting the Weekly News of 14th May, 1909, it is to be regretted that the Progressive candidates were not fair enough to say that the whole of this discussion arose with reference to Militia encampments, and had nothing whatsoever to do with the Terri- torials. On the contrary, the "Progressive" candidates insinuated that their opponents were directly responsible for the fact that no Territorials Shad encamped at Conway this year. The following are the facts:- At a Camp Committee on the 30th March, 1909, the Borough Surveyor's report com- mences as follows — Camps, igog.-I am in receipt of the list of Camps for 1909, by which you will see that it is proposed to send Mil- itia here during August and septern- ber." A correspondence then took place between the Council and the military authoirites At a Council meeting on the 7th April the minutes of the Camp Committee were adopted. On the 20th April the Camp Committee met to consider the proposed Militia camps in August and September, when it was unanimously resolved, upon the proposition of Councillor Porter, seconded by Council- lor Henry Jones, That a reply be sent to the military authorities pointing out that the Council had spent a considerable sum of money in restoring the surface of the Morfa, and that whilst they were most anxious to encourage camps here, thev did not think it would be wise to extend the period this year, as it would destroy the surface of the reclaimed ground and cause considerable damage." At a Council meeting held on the 12th May the minutes of the Camp Committee were adopted. It is perfectly clear that the statement in the leaflet is not true, and I trust that the authors even now will be fair enough to r, y express their regret that they have made a misrepresentation with regard to their op- ponents. I may mention here that the Liberals were in the majority on the Council then, as they are now, so that the allegation against the Conservatives is absolutely inexcusable. One question the Progressives did not re- fer to, and that is the sum of -f 507 us. id. spent by the Council in defending the rights ot the ratepayers in the bridge case.—I am, &c., R. O. PRICHARD. Bryn Dedwydd, Conway, 23rd November, 1910.
Abergele Emigrants. ARRIVAL IN AUSTRALIA. LETTER FROM MR. BOB OWEN. Mr. J. T. Millward, J.P., C.C., has just received a letter from Mr. Bob Owen, formerly of Mount Pleasant, Abergele, who joined the party of l'atagonians who left here for Australia about a couple of months ago. The letter is written from the Emigra- tion Home, Perth, Western Australia, dated October 13th, 1910, and is as follows:- Dear Mr. Millward,—I am taking the pleasure of writing these few lines to let you know that we have arrived safely in Perth, and we are glad to tell you that we have been very warmly welcomed by the Government representatives. A very com- fortable home is placed at the disposal of new arrivals from the old country nice clean beds and good food truly a home from home." We had a party of Welshmen here visiting us yesterday. They were more than pleased to see such a good lot from Gwalia Wen. Two were North Welshmen and the others from South Wales. They gave us young men a bit of very good advice. Uncle Tom, John Evans, Johnny Griffiths, and David Humphreys have gone out to pick land—they went this morning—about 160 miles from Perth, but auntie and all the wives in the other families have stayed be- hind in this home until they return. We are enjoying ouselves splendidly in their absence. Mr. Jones, a man from Pwllheli, has put a report in a local paper about us. Well, dear Mr. Millward, we have not much news this time, but we should like you to tell anybody that intends coming out here to take jolly good care not to travel on a German steamer. We were treated more like animals than human beings. The stewards were all Germans and could speak no English: so we could not tell them any- thing, as they couldn't understand us. Nearly all the passengers left the ship at Freemantle, even those who had booked for Sydney and Adelaide. So you can guess how things were. In fact, I would not let a dog of mine travel on a German liner. Well, give our kind regards to everybody we know. I hope you and Mrs. Millward and all the family are in the best of health, the same as this leaves us all at the time of writing." The following is the extract from a Colon. ial newspaper referred to in the above letter:- Welsh Emigrants from Patagonia. Mr. W. Jones, of Leederville, writes:- Since the institution of a forward land settlement policy in Western Australia, most of the British settlers who have come along have been obtained from England and Scot- land, agriculturists from Ireland and Wales being very slow in accepting the advantages offered by this State. However, among the latest batch of emigrants who arrived in the German liner Seydlitz it will be no doubt interesting to Welsh folk generally to learn that some thirty-two souls of their fellow- countrymen have landed in Western Aus- tralia from Chubut Valley, Patagonia, a province of the Argentine Republic. All of them have had considerable experience in farming in that country, and are taking up land immediately they find suitable selec- tions. I am given to understand that the whole thirty-two souls comprise only four families (natives of Abergele), one family being of nine children and another of seven, mostly all fine, robust, and muscular young fellows. A peculiar fact in connection with these people is that the children's knowledge of English language is rather limited, but they are thoroughly conversant with Welsh and Spanish, the reason for this being that they were born in Chubut Valley, where a Welsh colony has been established for some forty years and numbers now some thou- sands of Welsh people, the Welsh language being predominant. Furthermore, I was informed by some of the new arrivals that there are plenty more of their countrymen prepared to leave Chubut for this State on the strength of their success and on their reports as to the resources and advantages offered by this State. Considering that they are emigrants from that land of conscription of the worst type, I do not think that those of our people who have the welfare and the 1 progress of this fair country at heart need j fear an unfavourable report."
Attendance Officer's Tragic Death. THE INQUEST. PATHETIC DETAILS. On Monday night, at the St. Asaph Police Station, Mr. F. Llewelyn Jones, the Flint- shire Coroner, held an inquiry into the cir- cumstances surrounding the death of Wm. Evans, a school attendance officer and china dealer, carrying on business at High-street, St. Asaph. Mr. John Loithian was foreman of the jury. The first witness called was Mrs. Jane Evans, the widow, but before her evidence had been tendered the Coroner remarked that he would like to express his sympathy with the family of the deceased in their bereavement. He was also sure that he was expressing the views of the jury in doing so. He (the speaker) had known Mr. Evans for the last six years, during which period as a fellow official of his under the Flintshire County Council he had always found him to be a man who was highly respected and one who was looked upon by the members of I the County Council as an efficient officer, and one who bore the highest character. He was sure that all who knew him would sympathise deeply with the widow and the family in their bereavement. Mr. Lothian said that on behalf of the jury they all deeply sympathised with the family. n Mrs. Evans, under the stress of consider- able emotion, then gave her evidence. Her husband, who was 56 years of age, died on Saturday morning about 5 o'clock. On the Friday previous he went out about 10 a.m., but he returned in about an hour and went to bed, saying that he was not feeling well, but that he would get up for tea. She visit- ed the bedroom towards one o'clock, when he asked her for a drink of water. He also told her that he had drunk a lot of laudanum and that she would find the bottle in another room. She went up to his bedroom again about three o'clock, and found him unconscious. The doctor was at once sent for and he attended him up to the time of his death. About a year ago he had an attack of influenza, and he had suffered from insomnia more or less ever since. She knew that he was in the habit of taking laudanum to induce sleep, but she did not know that he took such a quantity, and she thought that he took about two tea spoon- fuls. He had never threatened suicide. He also complained of a pain in his stomach. Dr. Heap said that when he saw the deceased he was deeply comatose, and the symptons pointed to some form or other of opium poisoning. He did all he could for him, but he never recovered consciousness and died on the Saturday morning. He had seen the 4 oz. bottle produced. It would have been an enormous dose for a person to take, being equivalent to 128 grains of opium. The fatal maximum dose of opium could easily be exceeded without its taking effect. That dose, to those not used to it, was two grains, but the average fatal dose would be four grains. It was possible, however, to go on increasing the dose so as to be able to take very large quantities without its taking effect. In the present instance a small dose would not be effective in inducing sleep, so that it would have to be continually increased in order to have any effect at all. The quantity of laudanrm which one could take varied im- mensely, and in one case an habitual opium taker had taken as much as nine ounces without any fatal effect. He (witness) had no idea that deceased was taking laudanum, but there was no doubt that he did die as the result of taking an overdose. There was nothing in his demeanour which indicated that he would take his life, and the depres- sion which followed his attack of influenza was the usual depression which followed such attacks. Sergeant Rawlinson said he had made in- quiries with respect to where the deceased had purchased the laudanum, with the re- sult that he had found that it had been purchased at Rhyl. The deceased was in the habit of purchasing laudanum. In summing up the Coroner said that they had the choice of three verdicts in the case:—Suicide, death from misadventure, or an open verdict if they could not be satis- fied in their minds as to how the death of the deceased came about Regarding the first theory, namely, that of suicide, he felt that the jury would agree with him that there was nothing to suggest that the deceased had committed suicide. With re- gard to the theory of misadventure, they had heard that he had been in the habit of taking laudanum owing to the fact that he was suffering from insomnia, and this dose of laudanum would have to be increased in order that it might take effect, so that on the whole the evidence pointed to the fact that the deceased took too large a dose. If they accepted that view then they would find that the deceased had taken an over- dose of laudanum by misadventure. A verdict of "Death from misadventure" was accordingly returned. Mr. John Lothian then asked if there was no limit to the quantity of poison which could be sold The Coroner said he was .afraid that it would not be practicable to do that, because laudanum was not like other poisons. They could see that very large quantities of it could be taken without fatal effects by habitual laudanum takers, which if they were not accustomed to it would take fatal effect. A Juror: Do you not think it should come through a doctor? The Coroner I am afraid you are asking a large question. A large number of poisons are scheduled, and there is consider- able difficulty in getting them. Some might agree that no poison should be sold only by being dispensed by a Chemist from a pre- scription prepared by a medical man, and there is a great deal to be said for this view. Mr. Evans was highly esteemed in the locality, and had for upwards of 30 years occupied the position of lay clerk at the Cathedral, where his services will be greatly missed.
Conway County Court. REMARKABLE LLANDUDNO DISPUTE. His Honour Judge Moss presided over this Court on Thursday. Mr. E. A. W. Wragg, of Manchester, mentioned the case of Howel Jones, iron- monger, Llandudno, against T. H. Fitz- simmons, formerly carrying on business as a wine and spirits merchant and hotel pro- prietor at Llandudno, which came before His Honour in October of last year. He reminded His Honour that the plaintiff brought an action against Mr. Fitzsimmons for the recovery oi r25 said to be due for goods supplied. The case involved a long series of accounts, and his Honour eventu- ally gave judgment in favour of the plaintiff on the understanding that the Registrar found on a subseqeunt investigation of the accounts that anything was due to the plaintiff. It transpired, however, that out of £25 odd claimed only 2s. 8d. was due from the defendant, and under the circum- stances he submitted it would be unjust to declare that the plaintiff's case had succeeded. In answer to the Judge, The Registrar (Mr. R. S. Chamberlain) confirmed the advocate's statement with reference to the result of the investigation and added that both sides were agreed upon the accounts. The investigation proved in fact. that a sum of 6s. should be debited to the defendant. His Honour said he gave judgment at the October Court under the impression—an im- pression that appeared to prevail in every- body's mind at that time-that the defend- ant owed the plaintiff an amount of money, but now that the .Registrar had discovered there was nothing due to plaintiff he must of course give judgment for the defendant with costs. Mr. Hallmark (Messrs. Henderson and Hallmark, Llandudno) was for the plaintiff.
H.M. Prison, Ruthin. The annual Blue Book on the prisons in England and Wales, 1909-1910, contains a great deal of interesting matter. The Prison Commissioners report a net de- crease of 4,940 prisoners received into the prisons compared with the previous year, the most striking differences being 5,852 less for drunkenness and 1,072 for highway offences, these decreases being discounted to some extent by an increase in the num- ber of prisoners committed for vagrancy offences. Referring to the recent establishment of a Borstil system of DEALING WITH GIRLS, the Commissioners report that the young female prisoner, perhaps the pathetic and the most difficult of all cases with which we deal, is now segregated from the Mineral bc-dv and forms a section by itself on which should be concentrated all the effort of re- clamation which humanity can suggest and experience cn furnish to save these young, erring creaturcs from a downward and ab- andoned career, to which, as the figures of recidivism prove, the female prisoner is specially pron', unless the most vigorous action is tak m while she is still in tender years. A most striking table is furnished showing the declining number of young < persons convicted between the ages of 16 and 2t, last year's figures being no less than 8,000 below those of 1894. The Commis- sioners attribute the success of the Borstal System to the keen interest manifested in the work by all classes of prison officials, to the very remarkable pains which the magistrates comprising the personnel of visiting committees and persons connected with the various Local Aid Societies are taking in order to make the system a suc- cess. The Governor in his report states The state and discipline of the prison have been very satisfactory. The system of earning remission by prisoners with sen- tences over a month is conducive to greater industry and good conduct. No prisoners have been received as offenders of the first division, and only two males as offenders of the second division. There were 12 pri- soners released on payment of whole or part fine, &c. There has been NO CORPORAL PUNISHMENT. Associated Labour has been carried out daily, as far as practicable. The conduct of the officers has been good. The conduct of the prisoners generally has been good only in one case was it necessary to refer to the Visiting Committee. There has been no escape or attempt to escape. Prisoners have been chiefly employed at the follow- ing industries:—Stone-breaking, wood- chopping, coal-sack making, and oakum- picking for first stage prisoner, coir brush- making, mail-bag making and weaving halters. The buildings and fences are in good condition. The chapel has been re- decorated, the work being done by prison labour. The fire appliances are in good working order, and have been tested month- ly the supply of water was adequate. Fourteen male prisoners between the age of 16 and 21 were received during the year the majority of them not transferred were under sentences of less than a month each case upon discharge lis taken up by the Discharged Prisoners' .Aid Society. Several gentlemen have kindly contributed the fol- lowing short course of excellent secular ad- dresses to the prisoners during the year, viz. :—" Small beginnings," Courtesy," Success," "Habits," "Efficiency,' "Tem- perance," Morality," the subjects being so well chosen and the delivery such that I have no hesitation in affirming that the impression left on many of the hearers will prove a lasting one. The quantity of cloth- ing and bedding has been sufficient to meet all requirements. Contractors' supplies have been good and punctually delivered, except in one case, which was duly report- ed. All garden ground has been cultivated, and the yield was very good. The progres- sive stage system has been carried out, and the rules laid down for the government of the prison have, to the best of my belief, been complied with. The Chaplain's report is as follows:- The duties of the Chaplain have been care- fully carried out during the year. All pri- soners have been visited on reception and discharge. The sick and those under pun- ishment have had special daily attention I paid to them. The rest of the prisoners have been visited weekly in regular rotation. The daily services in the chapel have been duly performed, and op Sundays, Christmas Day, and Good Friday there have been two I services, with an address at each service. The Holy Communion has been celebrated on seven occasions, inclusive of the great festivals. The average number of communi- cants has ben five. CHOIR PRACTICES are regularly held on Friday mornings after service in the chapel. The Rev. W. Bryan Brown, M.A., of the Church Parochial Mis- sion Society, conducted a mission in the prison from Sunday, February 20th, to Monday, February 28th, in his usual devout manner, carefully visiting every prisoner who expressed a wish to receive such a visit, and doubtless leaving an impression for good on all with whom he came in contact. The Education of the prisoners has been duly carried out with very good results. The library is stocked with excel- lent literature, of which abundant use is being made by those who are able to en- joy the reading of good books. The pri- soners have all been attentive at the services in chapel and respectful when visited in their cells. The Chaplain has attended nearly all the meetings of the Dicharged Prisoners' Aid Society, as well as the lec- tures on secular subjects delivered by the various gentlemen who have kindly given their. services for this purpose. In addi- tion to the assistance given him by his as- sistant curate, the Rev. Gomer Edwards, he has had the assistance of the Rev. W. P. Whittington, M.A., formerly master of the Ruthin Grammar School. The annual meeting of the Discharged Prisoners' Aid Society was this year presided over by the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, supported by some of the leading genltrv and ladies of it he neighbourhood, and testimony was borne to the excellent work accomplished by the Society during the past year. The Medical Officer states:—The health of the prisoners generally has been good. There has been no death, suicide, or at- tempted suicide. Three prisoners were re- moved to asylums certified as insane. The food, clothing and bedding of the prisoners have been regularly inspected and found satisfactory. The sanitary arrangements in the prison have been satisfactory, and kept in a good sanitary condition. A regular temperature has been maintained in the heating of the prison. I have visited the prison morning and evening, and have ex- amined all prisoners before being passed for labour. Juveniles have been given special attention.
Plant Gweinidogion a'r Genhadaeth. At Olygydd y WEEKLY NEWS. SYR,-Y inae yn dda gennyf fod y genhad- aeth dramor a'i hawliau arnom fel gwlad a chenedl, yn cael y fath sylw o dro i dro, yn y Geninen," ein cyhoeddiad cenediaethol. Y mae y Parch. O. M. Rees, Cenhadwr yn Madagasgar, yn Y Geninen am Hydref eto, ym mhlith pethau ereill, yn dadleu dros 1 blant gweinidogion yr Efengyl ymgyflwyno yn fwy cyffredinol i'r gwaith da hwn. Dy- wed fel hyn :—"Ychydig amser yn ol darfu i gadeirydd ar gymdeithas genhadol, yr hwn oedd weinidog yr Efengyl, wrthdystio yn erbyn ei ferch pan y daeth yn wybyddus iddo ei bod am ymuno a'r Volunteer Move- ment." Dywedir i weinidog arall, pan glywodd fod ei ferch wedi penderfynu myned yn "Volunteer," ofyn mewn syndod— 'Sut y'ch chwi wedi meddwl am fynd yn genhades?" "Pa'm, nhad?" meddai "nid wyf fi yn synu dim. Yr wyf fi wedi arfer eich clywed chwi yn gweddio dros y genhad- aeth drwy fy oes yn a.wr, yr wyf yn myned i ateb eich gweddiau chwi." Llefara yr uchod gyfrolau. Yr wyf yn disgwyl y bydd i'r holl weinidogion, yn gystal a Christion- ogion ereill, dalu sylw i gynhwysiad yr erthygl bwysig ac amserol hon. DIWYGIWR IEUANC.
NODION Llywarch Hen. Bu farw Tolstoy, wedi ocs hir o frwydro dros Wcrin kwsia. Esgvmunwyd ef gan yr Eglwys. Nid yw hynny'n ddim. F.sgym- lInwyd pob Diwigiwr mawr gan yr Eglwvs. Nid y bvd ond yr Eglwys a drochodd dclwylaw ym; ngwaed y dynion goreu. 0 safbwynt vr Eglwys, hi wnaeth ei dvledswydd, o herwydd rhydi hi fwy ar gredo nag ar rinwedd. Nid oedd credo Tolstoy yn gyson a chanonau Fghvy- Grocg, ond yr oecld ei fywyd yn adlewyrchiad hardd o'r Bregeth ar y Mynydd." Nid anghofa Rwsia ei phroffwyd penaf, y gwr a'i carodd i'w awr olaf. Deled gwanwyn i'w bywyd o gym- dogaeth ei fedd. Rhai garw yw Merched v Bleidlais. i flinant yn ymJadd yn oier yng nghylchoedd Ty'r Cyffredin. Ymladdent hwy yng nghanol gwawd pobl y stryd, a chawsant driniaeth lied arw ond elai gwaith y <enccld ym mlaen mor dawel ag erioed. Rhaid iddynt gael eu ffcrdd. doeth nen anoeth. Onid yw rhyfedd na ddeallant bellach ddarfod iddynt bellhau oddi wrtlivnt rai o'u caredigion gore. Y mae doethincb yn llaw merch yn arf nerthol, ond camgvmera ei chryfdcr pan dybia y medr hi lawer trwy rym a gorfod. Y mac rhoddi brcintiau neilltuol i'r Tret- cdigacthan yn y Tariff Reform vi -icr o j ddwyn i fewn ganoedd o seddau, ebra Mr. Ormsbv Gore, A.S. Dibyna hvnv. i raddau pell, ar ym mha gylfwr o ran synwyr y T ,yflNN, o r n y byddom ar y pryd. Os yn ddigon anoeth i roddi ein breintiau ein hunain i wella masnach Canada ar draul tlcdi ein hunain, dichon y dywed ef y gwir. Nid oes neb yn Canada yn credit mewn Masnach Hvdd, medd efe, ond ainbell benboethyn a chrangc. Onid yw'n anhawdd gwybod y gwir ? Dywed y newyddiaduron fod Canada bron yn addfed i Fasnach Rydd, a'i fod yn bwngc etholiad yn America. Ond ni welodd Mr. Gore neb ond cf ei linn a'i debyg. Hollol naturiol hefvd.
II BICENTNARV. 1710-1910." SUN FIRE OFFIOE FOUNDED 1710. THE OLDEST INSURANCE OFFICE IN THE WORLD. Insurances effected on the following risks FIRE DAMAGE. Resultant Loss of Rent and Profits. Employers' Liabilit. Personal Accident. Workmen's Compensa- Sickness & Disease. tion, including Fidelity Guarantee, Accidents to Burglary, Domestic Servants. Plate Glass. 1926 CHIDLEY, Studios of Photography, 14, ST. WERBURGH STREET, CHESTER, Tel. 856x5. MR. T. CHID LEY Begs to announce the OPENING of his NEWLY-CONSTRUCTED STUDIO, Which has been specially built to meet all requirements for the production of the HIGHEST CLASS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, j No. 2, STATION ROAD, I COLWYN BAY.
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Nodion Ned Llwyd. Nid wyf wedi gwella o lawer eto, ond yn fy myw nis gallaf fod yn dawel fy nghydwybod heb anfon gair i'r Weekly News." Ar amgylchiadau fel hyn, mae popeth yn codi i fyny o flaen fy meddwl. Yr wyf yn ofni y gall rhai o honoch feddwl fy mod wedi mynd," fel 1 lawer hen gyfaill, ond nid wyf yn hollol barod eto. Mae gwaith perffeithio mawr ar rai o nonom. iiryd arall yr W)"1 yn meddwl y gall fod rhai o honoch yn dechreu holi beth ddaw o C'atrin, druan. Chwareu teg iddi mae wedi bod fel angel trugaredd yn fy n.gwylio yn ofalus ddydd a nos. Da iawn i mi ydyw fod ganddi brofiad helaeth o wasanaethu ar y claf a'r clwyfus. Mawr yw ei gofal o homvyf. Yr wyf yn disgwyl, trwy gymhorth gras a phin dur, y caf aros eto i ailu talu yn ol iddi. GAIFF FY LLE? Clywais fod rh.ai eisoes yn dechreu holi hyn. Hyddai gystal iddynt aros hyd nes y byddaf wedi mynd. Rhyfedd mor awvddus ydyw pobl i holi i fater fel hyn, a rhyfedd ydyw y dvfalu. Mae digon yn barod i lenwi lie y goreu o honom. Fe alLai fod "Searchlight," "Llywarch Hen," "Vigil- ant," ac eraill o honom, yn meddwl y byddai y Weekly News ar ben pe byddai i mi roi goreu i ysgrifennu iddo. Gadewch i ni gymeryd cysur, gyfeillion anwyl ni byddai y fath beth. Byddai popeth megis ac yr oedd yn y dechreu. Gwnawn ein goreu tra gallwn. Y DDRAMA. Gwelais hon yn y rhifyn diweddaf, a chredaf y bydd yn dda gan ami i gwmni yn y wlad ei chael a gwneud defnydd o honi yn ystod y gaeaf yma. Mae yn cynwys amryw ergydion da ac amserol. Er nad ydyw enw yr awdwr wrthi, credaf fy mod yn ei .adnabod, ac fod ganddo eraill ar y blociau, os nad wedi eu gorffen erbyn hyn. Mae y maes yrna yn ddigon eang, a galw mawr am rai da, dyddorol, ac heb fod ar gyfer gormod o bersonau i gymeryd rhan ynddynt. Dalied y cvfaill ati, a chredaf y cydnabvddir ei lafur trwy roddi perfform- i ad-au o honynt. LLONGYF ARCH IAD. Yr oedd yn dda genyf fod "Awyrlong Eryl Meaai wedi ennill y gamp yn Eistedd- fod Nefyn yr wythnos ddiweddaf. Llew Tegid oedd y beirniad, a nifer fawr yn ym- geisio. Mae hwn eisoes wedi enill amryw wobrwyon i'r hardd o Lanrvvst. Nid wyf am ei gyhoeddi, oblegid ni byddai hynny ond lladd yr iar sydd yn dodwy. Mae beirdd eraill yn cael tal am yr un cyfan- soddiad, cantorion am yr un caneuon, ad- roddwyr am yr un adroddiadau, a phre- gethwyr arn yr un pregethau felly na feied neb Eryl Menai am anfon ei "Awyrlong" i geisio ennill y gamp i wahanol le<>edd. Y WEEKLY NEWS." Beth ydvw eich meddwl, mewn difrif? Galhvn feddwl eich bod yn bwriadu ei wneud, nid yn unig y papyr goreu yn y wlad, ond hefyd yr helaethaf. Mae ei gyn- nydd a'i eangiad yn ystod y blynyddoedd diweddaf wedi bod yn rhvfeddol. Wrth gwrs, mae hyn oil yn profi eich bod yn darparu yn dda a helaeth ar gyfer eich dar- llenwyr, a'u bod hwythau yn gwerthfawr- ogi hynnv trwy roddi cefnogaeth i chwi yn yr hyn oil a wnewch. YR ETHOLIAD. Mae rhai yn meddwl mai am fy mod i heb fod o gwmpas fy mhethau y daeth yr etholiad mor sydyn ar ein gwarthaf. Yr oedd yn dda iawn gennyf weled heddyw yn un o newyddiaduron y Toriaid fod y Cang- liellydd am gael walk over y tro yma. Wrth gwrs, nid yw pawb o honom yr un farn ar fater fel hyn. Mae rhai o honom yn hoffi helynt fawr etholiadol. Ni gollwn lawer o hwyl, yn sicr, ond yn wir yr wyf yn falch fod y Toriaid o'r diwedd wedi eu hargyhoeddi mai ofer ydyw iddynt ymladd ym Mwrdeisdrefi Arfon. Ychydig gawsom o gymdeithas y Canghellydd y tro o'r blaen, a bydd y ffaith na cheir etholiad y tro hwn yn ei adael yn rhydd i sicrhau etholiad eraill mewn lleoedd ansicr. Gwelais ei fod eisoes wedi dechreu bwrw tan ar ben ei elynion. Nid oes son, ychwaith, ar hyn o bryd y daw neb alLan yn erbyn William Jones, Ellis Davies, ntig Ellis Jones Griffith. Doethincb mawr fyddai peidio hefvd. EGLWYS KACII. Cwel1 gennyf ar hyn o bryd ydyw peidio cyhoeddi y ddau bennill anfonwvd i mi. Diolch i'r bardd, er hynny. Yr oedd yn dda gennyf fod Mr. William Davies, Llin. sannan, a Mr. Evan Lewis wedi cael hwvl mor dda yng nghyngherdd y Bedyddwyr. Mawr ganmolid adroCldiadau effeithiol Mr. Evan Davies, ac wrth gwrs Mr. Owen Wil- liams, A.C., am gyfeilio. L Da gennyf ddeall fod y Parch. Garrett Roberts yn ymdaflu iddi o ddifrif yma, fel yn y lleoedd eraill y bu yn llafurio yn- ddynt. Gair da sydd iddo am ei barodrwydd a'i ewyllysgarwch i gynorthwyo pob achos da bob amser. NED LLWYD, Weekly News" Office, Conwy.
Canmlwyddiant "Twm o'r Nant." At Olygydd y WEEKLY NEWS. Syr,—Bum yn disgwyl i rvwun oedd yn teimlo yn aiddgar dros goffadwriaetli ein henwogion Cymreig symud ymlaen tuae at wneud rhywbeth er dathlu canmlwyddiant Twm o'r Nant." Rhoddwyd gwobr yn Eis- teddfod Colwyn Bey am draethawd a.-no, ac yr oedd y feirniadaeth ar y ddau gyntaf yn y gystadleuaeth y fath fel ag i godi disgwyliad aiddgar mewn lliaws o garedigon Cvmru Fu am eu gweled yn cael eu hargraffu. Gresyn i'r genedl fod yn ol o'r fath drvsorau. Yr wyf yn ostyngedig yn apelio at Bwyllgor yr Eis- teddfod, ac yn arbennig at Llew Tegid i wneud rhywbeth tuag at ddwyn hyn o amgvlch. Credaf, ond cvhoeddi y traethawd buddugol ar ail oreu, y bydd gennym feirniadaeth beni- gamp ar ei weittilau a hanes lied gyfiawn am dano. Byddal hyn yn gofgolofn werthfawr i'r enwog fardd o'r Nant.- Yr eiddoch, &c IS-ALED.
Creodd Adroddiad hallt y Bwrdd Addysg Cymreig ystorom ddifrifol. Cododd pobl y Bwrdd Canol mewn rhyfel, gan gondemnio eu meistri yn ddiarbed. Clywsom bethau tebyg o enau Esoh Llanelwy. Amheuem ei farn et, oherwydd ei ragfarn noeth at yr Ysgolion Canol. Y mae'r Esgob vn angliyson. Y mae unffurftaeth grefvddol, vn ol yr Esgob, yn iendith gwerth alltudio holl Ymneill- tuaeth Cymru o'r tir er ci chael ond v mae ein hunffurfiaeth mewn addvsg yn dinistrio pob petht Y mae unffurfiaeth eglwysig yn fendith, ond y m2"C pob nnffurfiaeth arall yn felltith ddiflas. Mr. O. M. Edwards sy'n adrodd y stori'n awr, c leiaf o dan ei lygad ef N, daw i maes. Holfwn i'r ddau Edwards ddangos i ni ffcrdd o waredigaeth. Pa ddiben condemnio, pan na ellir gwella. Tra bo'r Ysgolion Canol yn parctoi gogvfer a'r Colegau, y maent o angenrheidrwydd yr un ddehv yn eu gwaith. Y inae'r unrhywiaeth nod i waith yn per ii bawb weithio yn debyg. Yr un oedd pechod yr hen Ysgolion, un teip yn parotoi i Gaergrawnt a Rhydychen, oddi gerth ambell un oedd yn rhy ddiamcan i feddu arni ei hun ddehv o gwbl. O'r diwedd aefh Syr 1. D. Rees, yr aelod dros Drefi Maldwyn i'w le ei hun. Yr oedd gwynder ei wahanglwyfi yn ymddangos er's amser, ond medrodd deuru ei feddygon gwleidyddol yn nechreu'r flwyddyn ei fod yn gwbl iach. Er iddo dwyllo'r rheini, collodd ei holl iechyd Rliyddfrydol yn ystod yr haf, ac aeth yn Dori o'r iawn ryw. Cafodd Syr fel meddyglyn at wella, ond vr ocdd germs rhodres hono mor gydnaws a'i natur fel nad effeitliiodd ond er maethu ei atic-chyd. Gwedi tynu ohono eddi am dano hugan ei broffes Ryddfrvdol ymddengys ci natur yn lliwgar o'r lliwiau Toriaidd cryfaf, megis casau Mr. Lloyd George, Ymerodrwr balch, Diffvn- dollwr aiddgar, ac y mae Adroddiad y Dir- prwyaeth Eglwysig er na welodd cf, wedi ei droi yn gysylltwr. Taflodd Faldwvn i brofedigaeth, ond cyll ei Judas. Er cased gan fawrion ein gwlad y Gyllideb, rhaid ei gadel fel angau yn y crochan. Hogent eu harfau yn y Gynhadledd i dori rhai o'i bngau, ond ni ddanghosodd neb awydd treio ci law ar y bonyn-y prisiad !ir. Hwn yw'r gwreiddyn chwerwedd. ond rhaid ei adel. Er yr holl gablu ar Alr. Lloyd George, rhodd- j odd gerddecl i gerbyd diwigiad na faidd neb atat ei olwynion Os anghyfiawn ei Gyllideb, paham nad ymwrola'r Toriaid a gosod ar eu rhaglen y mynant garthu'r aflendid o'r tir. Beth bynag yw gwerin Prydain. liwy safant i raddau dros yr hyn sydd iawn. Os yw haiur y cabledd draethwyd am y Gyllideb yn uir. daoth i'r Toriaid eu hamddcn i osod pethau yn eu He. Paham na safant at eu I hymadroddion eu hum in ? I IiIIíII C vnliadledd fry?iog. ddrwg ei nhatu: oedd vnhadlcdd Goidwadol Nottingham, rhyw H'iad Captcniaid a phawb yn ccrddi ychydig .rno ei hun, i ddeffro ei nwydau i daro. odwyd bwbachod a chodwyd bwganod o'u >eddau, a bu bron i rai lewvgu yn vr oiwg .r eu chwareu eu hunain. Bvdd vr Ymerodr- .cth ar fvrder bellach vn chwilfriw man. haid cael deng mil ar hugain o ilhn-r i gadw'r Verddon, a dej o Dreadnoughts. Soniai in am fwrw'r Ynys Werdrl i Lake Superior •11 Canada. Nid yw Khyddfrydiaeth yn [dim ond <• vsgte.d o friwsion o Sosialaeth v yiandir, wedi "i pharotoi gan gogydd di- >roliad o Gyrnru. Yn ol un doethwr, v mae ■Jr. Lloyd George wedi rhoddi swydd i bob ymro a adwaenai a dylid ci gicio ef ei hun ,1 swydd bellach. Daliwr llygod y galwyd Jr. Winston Churchill, a galwyd Arghvydd 'rewe yn Lord Screw." Yng nghanol y ath laid, gwaith ocr a ditlas yw chwiljo am ,rl:aii fracl synwyr cvffredin. Rhaid i bob gwleidvddwr feddu peth o natur yr oracl yn ei anian a rhaid iddo ddynwared anfeidrolvn mewn rhai amgvlch- iadau. O'r diwedd, wedi hir gwrcwd, neid- iodd Mr. Balfour i ben y gJwyd, a sicrhaodd ni na ddaw drndaniaeth yn ol y Tariff Re- form, ac os daw, y tynir te i lawr yn iawn am godi'r bara. Yn gyntaf oil, hona Mr. Balfour fwy na'i fedr. Unwaith v dechreuo v gareg dreiglo, ni fedr ef ei chadw rhag malurio'r bcbl. Unwaith y gollyngo ef lewod y Tariff, ni fedr un gnvr eu cadw rhag rhuthro ar eu hysglyfaeth. Y mae eu rhuadui newynllyd yn eu dychryn yn barod. Ond VIn mh", Ie. y mae rheswm yn preswylio ? O; na chwvd deunydd bwyd, os na ddaw rhyw fudd i rywrai, pa ddiben ymladd ? Onid codi nwyddau tram"r vw diwedd y gan ? Yr ydym wcdi hen gynefino a'r fasnacli wleid- yddiaeth hon ond peth ncwydd yw honiad Balfo:.ir, ei fod ef cim ei'tedd ar v llifeiriant, a llywodraethu dynion ac amgylchiadau. Eulun ofnadvvy yw Mammon, gwilicd ef rhagddo. Clccli dan y Ceidwadwyr ar hyn o bryd yw John Redmond yn llywudraethu'r L1ywodr- aeth. Ffugiant bob duwioldeb a chydym deimlad a hunanflieiddiad, gan ollwng dagrau ar wisgoedd y cyfansoddiad Prydeinig, a llu o bethan cyfrwys eraill. Na chymered neb ei gamarwain, y mae awenau'r wlad hen, hyd yn hyn, yn nwylaw Ty'r Arglwyddi. Nid yw'r holl waeddi bwgan vn wyneb Red- mond yn ddim ond eu dichell i gadw'r awenau yn eu dwylaw eu hunain. Beth bynag yw beiau Redmond a'r Gwvddelod, ni fedr ef na'i ganlynwyr ddango^ dim mwy o liunan na'u herlidwvr. Fu budd en hunain, fel cenedl a gwlad, yw amcan Red- mond a'i ganlynwyr, en buchl en hunain, a budd cyfoethogion Prydain. yw amcan y Blaid Geidwadol. Os llewod rheibus un
blaid, felIN, liefyd y blaid arall. Doethach iyddai i'r Blaid Geidwadol vmgadw rlial-I rhegi y rhai tcbycaf iddynt eu hunain yn yr holl wtad. A pheth bynag yw anrhydedd y Gwvddelod, ni lniont erioed vn euog o'r celwyddau daemvyd am danvnt gan v Toria'd. if Daw'r Canon J. P. Lewis. M. v., Lian- ystuindwy, o'i loches ambell dro, gan ollwng rhyw saeth ambell dro ar elvnion e; F.glwys. Hnnfa dda yw Canoniaeth hefvd. vno ca'r ymladd wr blin orftwysfa. Xid fel Ymneill- tuwvr, ebra Mr. Lewis, end fel tenantiaid, y tala pobl Cymru ddegwm i'r Flglwvs. \throniaeth deneu, untroed vw lion. Os felly, nid fel Ymneilltuwyr, ond fel tenant- iaid, y grwgnachant ei thalu. Ni welodd Mr. Lewis ddeutu ei resvmeg. Nid i'r Eg- Eghvys, fel Eglwys, y talant, ond ideE fel perchenog y degwm, medd ef. O'r goreu, ni chodwn ninau law yn crbyn yr Eglwvs fel Eglwys, ond fel perchenog v degwm. Y mae'r blew main a hollta'r gwr yn ateb ein pwrnas i'r dim. Ond lie yr oedd ei farn ef pan gyhnddodd Ymneilltuwyr gyniier o wcithiau o ymosod ar vr Eglwvs. Prot'ed ei mai r F.glwvs yw perchenog v degwm a llu o'r gwaddoliadau, daw a'i achos i'r lan. Onid eiddo Pahaidd yw'r eiddo Eglwysig agos oil, eiddo Uadrad oddi ar enwad arall ? Y mae'r Rheithior yn gwyrdroi un o'r q-orch ymynir n, sef Na ladrata ond pan fo'r mwyafrif yn ffafriol i hvnnv." Dn, L-ennvf ei hysbysu nad yw'r gwvrdrcad yn wreiddiol iddo ef, ond ei hod yn arfer amhvg yn hanes yr Fglwy" er's canrifoedd. Y mwyafrif a ladrataodd y degwm, yr eiddo a'r eghvvsi od-li ar y Babaeth. Ni buasai'r Heiafrif sefydlodd Eglwys l.oegr yn ol arch y Pron in byth wedi dal eu tir, oni bai iw plaid ddod y fwyaf ei rhif yn y wlad. Oni fethodd Cromwell blanu Ymneilltuaei h vn eid<tf"r Eglwyr., am r mwyafrif ddadwneyd ei waith. Os medrodd Eglwys roddi un rheswm dros fedd'anu'r eiddo arall, y mwyafrif hwn oedd hwnw. Yr ydym yn ysgr fenu'r pethau hvn. nid am eu bod yn cvtfwrdd ag egyvyddor Dadgysylltiad, ond am fod y rhesymeii hon yn lladd ei pherchenog. Ni lesa holl! blew, pan to egwyddorion mawrion yn yr amlwg.